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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 9, 1935, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL XLI FIVE ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 9 1935 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 153 Will Break French Hold Hull Hardboiled in Attitude on Tariff Discrimination By HERBERT PLTJMMER ASHINGTON April 9 siders here say the reason for Secretary Hulls hardboiled atti tude Coward Prance on dis crimination against Ameri can imports is because Uncle Sam is deter mined to break the grip the French have on the tariff bears tail Theyve been holding on for a long time Now theyll either let go says Secretary Hull or else Meaning that France either inust come across with a com mercial trade agreement or she will be given preferred status on the blacklist of countries that will not benefit by tariff reductions granted by the United States in reciprocity agreements A glance at the trade figures be tween this country and France for 1934 affords an idea of why the United States is concerned Exports from the United States to France for 1934 show drop of 47 per cent from 1933 On the other hand imports from France to the United States show an increase of 228 per cent over 1933 Use Quota System One of the things which irritates this country as far as France is concerned is the socalled quota system The French more or less in vented the system and have used it for purposes of discrimination in foreign trade Forexample a few years ago France proposed to put into effect a control of foreign motion pictures For every four American movies sold in France one French picture had to be exhibited in the United States Stated another way it was just as if for every four Paris gowns purchased by American women the ladies of France would be com pelled to huy and wear one Ameri can frock Due to the vigorous and deter mined demand however of the French consumer of American films who expressed himself in no uncer tain terms through the thousands of theater operators and film distribu tors the provisions of the decree were substantially modified It illustrates however the French attitude Other Treaties Count France say our tariff experts in variably regard such retreats as concessions and not as funda mental changes in their tariff phil osophy With the BelgoAmerican trade agreement signed promulgated and due to become effective on May 1 a softening in the French attitude is expected by many insiders France is vitally concerned with the effects because Belgium is a competitor na tion The French attitude thus far has been to wait and see She was not particularly interested while the United States was negotiating with Brazil Cuba and others for com modity agreements But with Belgium now in line temporary commercial agreemen with Czechoslovakia to insure most favorednation treatment for the products of each country arranged and negotiations with other coun tries either in progress or about to be France might change her atti tude COMPLETE LOCAL OPTION VOTED In Religious Dispute House Passes Measure to Curb War Profiteers BILL WOULD GIVE PRESIDENT HUGE WARTIMEPOWER Bars Uncontrolled Boom by Putting Ceiling on Prices WASHINGTON April 9 IS Carrying a sternly worded provi sion for taxing away all excessive war earnings the McSwain antiwar profits bill was passed today by the house and sent to the senate The vote on final passage was 367 to 15 Just before passage the house by a 205 to 183 vote eliminated a section permitting conscription of manpower in wartime The bill would give the president broad powers to commandeer the nations money public services and industrial and material resources to prosecute war Block Price Booms To prevent uncontrolled price booms rising out of heavy wartime demands the measure would place a ceiling over all prices upon dec laration of war The house voted that upon the declaration of war there shall be imposed a tax of 100 per cent on all excess war profits that may be earned during said period of war X X X On this the senate was expected by some house members to attempt to hang a specific tax schedule so drastic as to restrict corporations war earnings to 3 per cent of their investment and individual incomes limit of ama Ijinit Is Opposed The three per cent limit was op posed by a war department spokes man earlier in the day before the senate munitions committee It was generally expected that considerable difficulty would be en countered in reconciling all the dif ferences The McSwain bill and the one ap proved by the munitions committee differ in many respects The house had voted to send the bill back to committee to eliminate the conscription provision The com mittee on the floor instantly did so and passage came in a few min utes Home Rule Planned for Work Relief WASHINGTON April 9 Secretary Ickes said today a new decentralized public works admin istration would be created in the states to speed new projects and co ordinate them with other parts o the work program His statement at a press confer ence conformed with other officia assurances that greater home rule will be sought to accelerate spend ing the work fund and transferring 35000000 jobless from direct to work relief Plan State Setups Ickes said he plans to set up le gal financial and engineering divi sions in miniature in the states so they can pass on the projects and send them in here He adder that the new organiza tion which he said could be set up immediately would cooperat with state planning councils in the entire program The public works administrator discussed this phase of the gianl program as the capital awaitec President Roosevelts return to push the workrelief program into full swing Signed by President Government circles noted that statement issued aboard his train as the president signed the reliei bill last night contained these sentences It should be noted that the long delay in the senate has made neces sary the transfer of many millions of dollars previously allocated to highly useful perinanent projects to workThia recovery act appropriationof 1933 Many of the projects which have been canceled because of this cannot now be continued under the terms of the new law AAA amendments the that would have given Two Men Held for Iowa Auto Theft CRESTON April 9 men giving their names as James Young 19 Des Homes and Victor Marks 18 Chicago were held here in connection with theft of three automobiles in western Iowa Sun day night The Weather FORECAST IOWA Kain Tuesday night and Wednesday possibly chang ing to snow in northwest por tion slightly warmer Tuedsay night in central and east sec tions colder Wednesday in central and west winds becom ing strong MINNESOTA Snow or rain probable Tuesday night and Wednesday wanner in extreme southeast Tuesday night cold er Wednesday In west and north winds may become strong IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum Monday 54 Minimum in Night 27 At 8 A M Tuesday 37 Senate oil Minor Matters With the senate engaged in minor matters these other developments were reported along Pennsylvania avenue The senate agriculture committee struck out from the controversal provision Secretary Wallace practically unlimited power to license middlemen Bruno Richard Hauptmann con victed slayer of the Lindbergh baby petitioned the board of tax appeals for a redetermination of govern ment income tax claims penalties and interest totalling Urges NRA Extension Extension of NRA with some codifications was recommended to the senate finance committee by the business planning and advisory council of the commerce depart ment The c o u n c i 1s chairman Henry P Kendall testified disclos ing also he had asked President Roosevelt to lift thecotton process ing taxfrom cotton mills The distilled spirits industry en tered a new phase as the federal al cohol control administration an nounced abandonment of restric tions attempting to hold production to anticipated consumption An overhaul of alien exclusion and deportation laws to close loopholes and remove barbarous discrimina tions was asked of the house im migration committee by Daniel W MacCormack commissioner of im migration TALKS OF PROBE BY GRAND JURY County Attorney Threatens to Act If University Does Not STORY ON PAGE 4 IOWA CITY April 9 Charging that practices similar to hose which were carried on at Phi Beta Delta fraternity existed in other fraternities onthe University of Iowa campus E A Baldwin Johnson county attorney said this afternoon if the university did not enforce discipline he would order T grand jury investigation of con ditions on the campus Big PreEaster Sale Day to Be Held Thursday Extensive preparations are being made by Mason City merchants for Greater Mason City day one of a series of merchandising and sales events to be held Thursday With spring here and Easter ap proaching this sales event will pro vide the opportune time for the pur chasing of the latest styles of wear ing apparel as well as articles for the home and automobile Thursdays event will be similar to that of March 16 which was re garded as a genuine success In fact with the spring season farther advanced this weeks sales event should prove even a greater day for the purchase of seasonable merchan dise according to those who are planning the project The firms participating in Greater Mason City day are announcing un usual values in display advertise ments appearing in this issue of the GlobeGazette Iowa Boy in Serious Condition After Fall CRESTON April 9 thony Schroeder senior high school student was in a serious condition here today with a fractured verte brae suffered when he fell on the school building steps in a scuffle with a fellow student GERMANY SEEKS ARMS EQUALITY ON LAND IN AIR Sir John Tells Commons Nation Proposes Non Aggression Pact Copyright 1935 by The Associated Press LONDON April John Si mon foreign secretary told the house of commons today that Ger many demands land arms and air equality a navy 35 per cent the size of Great Britains proposes a non aggression instead of a mutual as sistance pact in eastern Europe and would be willing to discuss nonin terference in Austria if a suitable plan is suggested Sir Johns statement was the first official and complete summary of what he and Capt Anthony Eden lord privy seal learned on their re cent trip to Berlin and the latters subsequent journey to Moscow Warsaw and Praha Sir John referred to the great difficulties facing the British in trying to bring Reichsfuehrer Hitler around to the London governments views and emphasized the wide di vergences between Hitlers and the British proposals PREMIERS TO ATTEND By ASSOCIATED PRESS of France Italy hosing the afflictions aggravating European unrest when the Stresa peace clinic opens Thursday Premier PierreEtienne Flandin of France decided Tuesday he would ead the French delegation to the consultation of specialists on Euro jean relations Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald of Great Bri tain had announced Monday he would accompany the British for eign secretary Sir John Simon Pre mier Mussolini will head Italys corps of experts in the role of host Situation More Clear Official quarters in London view d the muddled international situ ation as gradually becoming clari led A collective security system within the framework of the league if nations was widely regarded as the probable remedy for Europes jlments the Stresa conference will irescribe Attention Gen Erich Ludendorffs open fight against Christianity caused the Roman Catholic church and the Protestant confessional synod in Germany to decline to display flags In honor of Ludendorffs sev entieth birthday Associated Press photo TRIBUTE IS PAID TO LUDENDORFF All Germany in Celebration was attracted to a tatement by Stanley Baldwin lord jresident of the council and con ervative leader suggesting that 3reat Britain might be willing to go to war if necessary to preserve Two Point Program Pierre Laval French foreign min ster had drafted for cabinet ap foval a two point program provid ng for a collective security agree ment open to all nations desiring to jarticipate which would be organ zed within the framework of the eague of nations In addition Laval would propose ndividual mutual assistance pacts as a second line of security as a afeguardin theevent of the eagues inabilityto define an ag gressor nation II Duce having retired to the ountry to reflect upon Italys atti ude gave noindication of the pro Tam he would present It was in icated by an authoritative source owever that strengthening of the Locarno pact might be one of his roposals By IOUIS P LOCHNEK Copyright 1935 by The Associated Press TUTZING Germany April 9 Gen Werner von Blomberg the minister of war today paid tribute to Gen Erich Ludendorff as the great field commander of the World war under whose leadership Ger many braved a world of enemies The tribute was addressed direct ly to Ludendorff as all Germany celebrated the former quartermas ter generals seventieth birthday anniversary the celebration center ing here at Ludendorffs home Full Dress Uniform Ludendorff who for the first time in years had donned his gen erals full dress uniform with spiked helmet and full decorations listen ed with obvious emotion as von Blomberg said With the introduction of com pulsory military service the new German defense force has again ap proached in construction the de fense force before the war and of war times That force was decis ively influenced and led before and during the great struggle by the soldier Ludendorff His spirit will descend upon the new defense force also Bouquet of Roses When the war minister ended his speech two squadrons of Germanys new air force roarea overhead and a bouquet of roses was dropped Thousands of spectators andthe honor company of the Munich in fantry regiment gathered at Luden dorffs home With them was s mil itary band and four flags of the thirtyninth regiment of fusiliers which during the war bore the name Regiment General Luden dorff An added air of excitement was produced by the expectation that Reichsfuehrer Hitler himself might appear later to express his good wishes and thereby affirm that the feud which has separated him from his one time associate has been healed Three Men Held for Looting of Sheaffer Pen Company CHICAGO April 9 men were held here today for Iowa authorities in connection with the 530000 looting of the W A Sheaf fer Pen company at Fort Madison Iowa last Oct 27 The prisoners arrested the au thorities said on information sup plied Chicago police by Chief of Po lice John Thiesen of Fort Madison are Albert Lewis 28 Jack Roth baum 33 and Charles Bohdan 36 all of Chicago They denied partici pation in the theft Thiesen advised authorities here he would leave for Chicago today to question the men IOWA INITIATIVE REFERENDUM IS DEFEATED 6140 House Decides to Take Up Cham Store Tax Bill Thursday DES MOINES April 9 initiative and referendum resolu tion proposing a constitutional amendment to permit legislative action by public vote was defeated by the Iowa house today by a vote of 61 to 40 An amendment sponsored by op ponents of the plan increasing the percentage of names required on petitions to initiate was incorpor ated into the resolution 67 to 26 be fore its final defeat Under the amendment the num ber of required petitioners for ac tion on a law was raised from 5 per cent of electors in each two fifths of Iowa counties to 20 per cent in each of threefourths of the counties For a constitutional change the number of petitioners wasincreased from 10 per cent in each of twofifths of the counties to 20 per cent in threefourths of the counties To Debate Chain Tax The house also set the Burington chain store tax bill as a special or der of business for Thursday at 1 a m adopted three minor bills ant passed a resolution for appointmen by the governor of a greater Iowa committee to coordinate varlou interests of the state rjaiGpnsideration of the taitiativ proposal was featured by orator on the relative merits of direct and representative government Although he threatened last week when the resolution was first con sidered to seek its defeat if peti tion requirements were increased Representative C L McKinnon D of Henry one of 10 sponsors de clared today that its adoption was a forward step Representative Lemar P Foster D of Cedar charged that oppo nents of the resolution mistaken ly hold themselves as little gods of superior intelligence to the major ty of the public Representative C L Rice D of Keokuk said it was the duty of the legislature to et the people vote on whether they want the power of initiative and ref erendum Sours Opposes Bill Opposing the measure Represen tative Roy J Sours R of Floyd denied that legislators are afraid to vest the people with authority to act on laws But I do contend the legislature is a balance wheel on public sentiment in an era of some times unbalanced public reasoning he said Representative J P Gallagher D of Iowa declared the plan had not worked satisfactorily in other states Where petition requirements were set too low he said factional questions were constantly being forced to public election and where the number was too high public ac tion could not be initiated The greater Iowa committee ap proved by acclamation would coor dinate agriculture industrial and commercial groups for betterment of state economic conditions the resolution sets out It would be composed of three nonsalaried members Legalize Local Pension A senate bill legalizing pension agreements of certain cities with firemen and policemen was ap proved 90 to 1 Cities affected in clude Council Bluffs Sioux City Turn to PHKC 8 Column 1 Dismissal of Writ Asked in Probe Sought By ROY P PORTER Associated Press Staff Writer DES MOINES April 9 E Page attorney for the legislative committee investigating the Iowa liquor control commission today filed a motion to dismiss the peti tion for a writ of mandamus brought against the committee by Leslie E Francis legal adviser of the liquor commission The motion filed in district court contends the legislative com mittee by pursuing its investiga tion is following the mandate of the general assembly and is not sub ject to such an action Francis instituted the action in an effort to force the committee to hear an explanation 01 his testi mony regarding a contract entered into between the liquor commission and the National Cash Register company of Dayton Ohio Contradictory Facts Certain testimony in which the legal adviser assertedly read con tradictory facts into the record led Chairman M X Gegke D of Mc Gregor to exclaim It looks dam nably like perjury to me Francis demands to be allowed to explain the contradictory facts be fore the committee a desire he says has not been granted 1 In the motion to dismiss Page sets forth six reasons why the writ of mandamus should not be issued 1 The committee is a branch of the legislature and is not within the purview of the statutes author iztag the issuance of writs of man damua the actingin the legitl mate exercise of its legislative pow ers granted by the general assem bly Has No Jurisdiction 3 The district court has no juris Hction over the committee for the reason that said petition by seek ng a writ of mandamus attempts o control the action of a legislative body the legislature being the su reme authority of the state 4 Francis petition fails to allege lie committee owes to the plaintiff the duty of doing any of the acts sought to be required by the issu ance of the writ of mandamus 5 The action is an attempt to ontrol the action of a legislative lommittee which committee is ested with the utmost authority and discretion as to its actions in aid investigation Action Against State 6 The petition constitutes an ac ion against the state and the state aas not consented to the bringing of aid action Hearing on the petition submit ed to District Judge Frank S Jhankland was set for 10 a m to morrow Page said it was undecided whether he or members of the com mittee would appear at the court ession The committee was temporarily n recess today as the presence of he senate members was required n the assembly during debate on he liquorbythedrink bill Harlan Pioneer Dies HARLAN April 9 Kohl 85 resident of Iowa since 1854 died here EARLY SHOPPING DAYS UNTIL MARSHALL TELLS JURY HIS STORY Witness in Probe of Alleged Graft Conditions at Sioux City SIOUX CITY April 9 erne Marshall editor of the Cedar Rapids Gazette as the principal vitness Woodbury county grand ury called in special session to in estiagte the editors charges of a irotectior payoff here got down o business at a m today Marshall was still on the stand his afternoon Marshall whose charges before a legislative investigating commit ee in Des Moines led to the grand ury inquiry here was late in ar iving at the courthouse He had een subpoenaed to appear at 9 a rn but when he had failed to ap pear by members of the grand ury became restless and instructed l bailiff to telephone his hotel Accompanied by Friend The Cedar Rapids editor ac ompanied by Robert Toms a riend arrived at but Tom was not admitted to the grand ury room Although it was expected that the ditors testimony would require Turn to 8 Column 1 LIQUORBYDRINK DEBATE GOES ON IN IOWA SENATE Special Elections Could Be Called by Towns That Voted Wet DES MOINES April 9 Complete local option by cities and towns on the legal sale of liquor by the drink in hotels restaurants clubs and bars was voted today by the Iowa state senate As amended by the upper branch of the assembly in its second day of consideration the liquor bill now provides that voters shall have the right to decide whether liquor is to be dispensed by the drink in their city or town The original bill would have es tablished as preauthorized areas in which the state liquor control commission might issue sale by the drink licenses those cities and towns which voted for repeal of the eighteenth amendment Vote Is 44 to 1 A vote of 41 to 1 on a proposal sponsored by Senator Ora Husted R of Truro disposed of the con troversial local option question on which the senate had been working when it adjourned yesterday for the day Senator L T Shangle D of Oskaloosa had the only opposing vote Success of the amendment was regarded as strengthening the posi tion of the sale by the drink bill in the upper branch since there was the possibility proponents had won some votes of advocates of home rule who had opposed the original provision The amendment aubitituted for a less far reaching one by Senator had proposed that the ized areas include only of more than 35000 population which had voted for repeal Hold Special Elections In its revised form the bill now provides that cities and towns which voted for repeal of the eigh teenth amendment may have a spe cial election not later than 150 days after the effective date of the act which if approved would go Into operation July 4 Communities which voted against repeal and cities and towns which voted for repeal but which did not choose to hold a special election in Turn to Fnite 8 Column 3 Report Rescue Ship Within 25 Miles of Vessel in Distress BOSTON April 9 tropi l radio station at Hingham Mass oday reported the S S Newfound and was within 25 miles of the British freighter Badagry which ent out an SOS about 200 miles ff the Newfoundland coast They aid another stearmer was 95 miles away and that both were proceed ng to the aid of the stricken el A GOOD FAT HEN That sounds like stewed chicken and dumplings but in fact it is a you play at your next party t is a memory test The guests ara eated in a circle and the leader he ins the game by saying A good at hen Every one repeats that in urn and then the leader says Two ducks and a good fat hen t comes Three squawking wild geese two ducks and a good fat en and all this is built up into a complicated statement that is a se tax on each guest to repeat vithout error But send to our Washington In ormation bureau for a copy of Lets Play a Game and learn all bout the good fat hen and a hun red other games and stunts that vill help you in entertaining your riends The Mason City GlobeGazette Information Bureau Frederic J Haskln director Washington D C I enclose 10 cents In coin carefully wrapped for the booklet on Lets Play a Game Name Street City Stats Mail to Washington D CJ ;