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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 8, 1944, Mason City, Iowa COMH DEPARTMENT OF HIST OR Y AND ARCHIVES NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United Press Ful Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APRIL 8 NO FLEETS OF U S BOMBERS AGAIN HIT BRUNSWICK German Air Force Is Provoked Into Major Battle Over Reich London fleets of American heavy bombers and fighters thundered back into Ger many Saturday blasting the air craft industries of Brunswick and airdromes in the northwest and provoking the German air force into the first major air battle this month U S headquarters announced the successful blows shortly after the Berlin radio apparently seck ine to make the raid appear a major German victory had boast ed that Hitlers defenses had beaten off an attempted assault on the German capital The American announcement disclosed however that the larger portion of 500 to 750 flying for tresses and liberators involved in the aerial invasion had slammed their explosives into sprawling Brunswick 110 miles west of Ber lin while other bombers escorted by hundreds of fighters were aim ing crippling blows at nazi air nests Berlin broadcasts described great airbattles extending from the German borders on into the heart of the reich claiming the fleet was attacked by a pincers of strong German fighter squad rons between the Weser and Elbe rivers and forcing them to scatter their bombs and retreat in dis order It was one of the longest pe riods of inactivity for American flying fortresses since they began hittine at Germany from Britain Britishbased fortresses had been grounded for 10 days but libera tors had more short stabs at the French invasion coast and along the border Describing the Brunswick as sault the U S headquarteds state ment said the attacks on Bruns wick aircraft plants previously damaged were designed to disrupt the rebuilding of the oncemajoi producers of fighter aircraft Medium forces of P47 thunder bolts P38 lightnings and P51 mustangs of the eighth and ninth the bom bers it saidi Brunswick industrial center on the direct route to Berlin lies alone one of Germanys most heavilydefended air routes A raid on the city by American bom bers Jan 11 resulted in one of the SFSS5 Triumphant Reds Smash to Border of CzechoSlovakia HITLERS EASTER themselves explosively yours these members of an armament crew at the 8th air force in England prepare a greeting for A Hitler The Easter egg is a 500pound bomb This is an official United States signal corps photo graph Yanks Ruled Seas Near Pa la u 3 Days in Battle SINK 28 NIPPON SHIPS DAMAGE ADDITIONAL 18 most savage battles of aerial his tory Plants there make Messerschmitl fighters and frames and parts for other types of fighters One plant turns out ME110S which fire rockets A favorite target for both the KAF and American attacks Bruns wick was last hit by heavy Amer ican forces on March 23 The German radio keeping up a barrage of warnings throughout the early afternpon on the progress of the raiders broadcast vivid de scriptions of raging air battles and claimed the Americans suffered one of their heaviest defeats and none of the formations was able to cross the Elbe The Elbe flows about 70 miles west ot Berlin at its nearest point CONFESSES HE HAD KILLED 3 Posse Tracks Down Man in Oklahoma Shawnee Okla husky 29 year old Negro tracked down by a posse of civilians and navy men has confessed 2 sheriffs said Saturday that he beat and knifed to death 3 persons in 2 farm kill ings last Monday The Negro Amon Johnson of Oklahoma City was cornered in a thicket on the North Canadian river near here Friday and sur rendered after a few shots were fired over his head Officers and enlisted men from the Shawnee naval base were with the sher iffs posse Sheriffs Terry Owen of Potta wattamnie county and Key Dur kee of Cleveland county saic Johnson signed a confession that he slew Mrs Victoria Jorski and her 3 year old daughter Mar tha at their farm home 15 miles west of here and Roy Schat 4 year old farmer at a house nea Oklahoma City Police Chief L J Hilbcrt o Oklahoma City disclosed tha Johnsons wife told in a signei statement of her husband re turning home Monday night wit bloodsplotched clothes boastin that he had killed 3 persons an threatening to kill her loo The announcement of the con lession gave no motive for th slayings No Warships Damaged Ruin Sowed in Jap Held Sector U S Pacific Fleet Headquar ters Vearl Harbor of ficials were jubilant Saturday over official reports that Ameri can warships dominated waters 600 miles from the Philippines for 3 days while hundreds of planes based on aircraft carriers sowed destruction in the Carolines more than 1000 miles west of Truk Not one warship was damaged and only 25 planes were lost as the price for sinking 28 enemy ships damaging 18 including a battleship definitely destroying 160 Nipponese planes probably wrecking It more and strewing ruin at Palau Yap Ulithi and Wolcai American personnel losses totalled 18 airmen This feat ot not losing a war ship matched the task force per formances Feb 1617 at Truk where 23 enemy ships were sunk 6 probably sunk and 201 planes destroyed and Feb 22 in the Marianas where 2 enemy ships were sunk 9 damaged and 135 planes wiped out Palau long fortified Japanese ival base 530 miles east of the ililippines and 4595 miles from earl Harbor was overwhelmed id powerfully blasted for 2 days a r g e warships deserted the ronghold forewarned by search lanes before the American ar lada could reach attack positions larch 29 but on the night of the 8th a fleeing Japanese battleship torpedoed and severely dam ged by a submarine which lipped past screening destroyers stores and small craft damaged Some Japanese planes vainly attacked the task forces as they arrived and as they departed Car rier craft shot down 17 ot these and ships antiaircraft winged 4 more The ships guns also accounted for 3 small enemy ships sunk But the American warships al though moving more than 2000 miles away from the Kwajalein lagoon base in the western Slar REPORT ROADS NEARBUDAPEST ARE THRONGED AGAIN ARGUING ARMY POWERS Giraud Refuses to Quit Command Challenges De Gaulle to Oust Him BULLETIN New York lleur lonore Giruud has been appoint ed inspector general of the French army the British radio reported Saturday from Algiers broadcast recorded by CBS An nouncement of the appointmen apparently meant that Gei Charles De Gaulle had aceepte Girauds challenge to oust him a Commanderinchief Algiers Henri G raucl refused to step down as com mundor in chief of French cd forces Sat urday and challenged Gen Charles D e Gaulle to oust h i m during a d i sagrecable 30minute con ference A French na tional commit tee m ember w h o described the meeting in D e G a u 11 es headquarters at LOOII said it was De Gaullist circles said how ver that negotiations between ic 2 French leaders were con Inuing with the likelihood of a efinite decision Saturday night nd it was reported that an cx hange of letters containing the inal decision would be released Saturday night Giraud retired to his headquar ers to deliberate further on the situation following the meeting Can Halt Induction of Men Over 26 in Useful Jobs If State Draft Board Desires Moines R A Lancaster said Saturday the Iowa se lective service administration had received a telegram from National Director Hershey directing the state administration to halt induction men over 26 in useful tions whenever the state admin istration sees fit individual shall determine for himself whether he conies within this directive Colonel Lancaster assistant state admin istrator asserted If anything is done the individual will be noti fied by his local board of the action the board sees fit to take will continue to draft men over 26 where the individual situation warrants Colonel Lancaster emphasized that the directive makes it dis cretionary with the state director whether men over 26 in useful for in up cf the Japanese navy Synchronized air raids ill the central south and southwest Pa cific helped make possible the deep naval excursion which put behind the warships such enemy bases as Truk Rabaul on New Britain Wcwak and Hollandia on New Guinea Central and south Pacific planes joined in pinning down Truks air arm South Pacific planes kept Rabaul neutralized Southwest Pacific planes knocked out wak and destroyed a fleet of 288 enemy planes at Hollandia near est New Guinea air base to Palau A recent dispatch from a New i Stations Claim Evacuation Is in Good Order GIRAUD not so well occupations arc called duction PROCESSING OF MEN UNDER 26 DESIRED Washington in essen tial jobs who have passed their lGth birthdays Saturday were given a temporary reprieve from induction Draft Director Lewis B Her shey announced that he has in structed state directors to post pone processing of such men for induction until the processing of those under 26 has been sub stantially accomplished The action effective immcdi Guinea air base cnts Associated by Olen Clem Press war cor respondent dealing with Hollan dia attacks intimated that the warships moving on Palau also shelled objectives but no refer ence to any bombardment was made in Admiral munique Friday Nimitz com The Pacific fleet forces in the western Carolines strike were un der the tactical command of Ad miral Raymond A Spruance The carrier task forces were com Bari Italy lead ing from Budapest were reported crowded Saturday with persons fleeing the Hungarian capital in a sorrowful preEaster parade in itiated by the U S 15th airforces bombing of the strategic rail hub in support of the red armys ad vance AxisControlled radio stations heard at this Italian listening post asserted the evacuation begun on Good Friday was proceeding ill orderly fashion Neutral sources indicated the people were using every possible type of conveyance in their rush to leave the city Indicating a probable transfer ot the Hungarian government to another site the Budapest radio said persons employed in munici pal and civil jobs were getting the highest priorities to aid their The showdown between the 2 arose from De Gaulles efforts to relegate Giraud to t h e unim portant post oC inspector gen eral of the ar mies and take over the com mand of French land s ea anc air forces him self Sources closo to Giraud said the 65 year old com m a n d c r w o u1d rather quit t h n n be shelved and Plan Sunrise Services for U S Troops London armed rces will worship Sunday in a lies of sunrise Easter services from the front linos of Italys ttle ground to Londons Hyde ark For thousands it will be then id Easter overseas The largest dawn service prob bly will be the one in Hyde park The bishop of London will deliver le sermon The services bcKln ing at a m a in entral time will be broad asl worldwide A 100 voice Nesro soldier choir sing at services in a British ort city and an English choral ociely will travel to a huge U air base Easter evening to sing iandcls Messiah In northern Ireland where housands of American troops re awaiting invasion day Cath lic services are planned at St Bridgets church in Belfast Else vhere in the British Isles many REACH PASS IN CARPATHIAN SWEEPING GAIN Stalin Orders Salute to Indicate Major Victory lor Russians London Rus sian columns have rolled up be fore Tartar pass in the Carpathians on the Hungarianoccupied border of Czechoslovakia and have forced the Prut river north of lasi on a front up to 106 miles in Rumania Moscow announcements said Sat urday night Marshal Joseph Slalin in 2 or ders of the day broadcast from the Russian capital said the soviet forces had swept up to the Czecho slovakRumanian border on a 124 mile front in the Carpathians and advanced westward in Rumania across the Prut on a 106 mile front total 230 miles Our state frontiers have been reached he said in announcing le advance in the Carpathians ic same language used to describe le attaining of Uumanias eastern mrder at the Prut several days go It was recalled here that For DE GAULLE humiliated De Gaulle also was reported to be encountering trouble in get ting the national committees approval to oust Giraud a move interpreted by Americans and Britons here as another maneuver against President Roosevelts re ported decision to entrust Gen Dwight D Eisenhower with au thority to negotiate with groups inside France De Gaulle has sought recognition of himself and his national committee as the por visiona government of liberated areas alely applies to those men 26 one over who are making a contri bution to essential agrieultura war production or war support ing activities even though the have passed their physical exam inations and have been ordere to report for induction The pos poncmcnt is automatic service said requiring no actio by the men affected This action was taken at t request of the army and navy both of which informed selective servicn that their need of young men is greater thnn that of im mediately filling induction calls with older men Each state director was in structed to keep the postponement of processing older men in effect until he is satisfied that process ing the younger men has been substantially accomplished Of ficers at national headquarters said it was impossible to estimate tiow long that will be Previous instructions to draft boards put men under 26 first in line in the process of reviewing their occupational deferments movement The British Broadcasting cor manded by Mitscher Vice Adm Marc A RELEASE 158 MEN DCS Moines large low manufacturing firm which he di not identify is releasing all but of its 163 men under 26 years i age for military service Brig Ge Charles H Grahl Iowa sclectiv director disclosed Then throughout March 29 and 0 Palau was pounded by lum reds of carrier planes At least 93 and probably 122 Nipponese interceptors went down n flames trying to stem these at acks From 39 to 59 more were vrccked around or in the water A communique of Adm Chester W Nimitz announcing the results said that 25 enemy ships were sunk at Palau including 2 de troycrs an unidentified combat ship 16 cargo vessels 5 oilers and patrol vessel The 18 damaged vessels in addition to the battle ship which got away included a destroyer a large repair ship 3 oilers and 12 cargo vessels In the Palau islands 60 build ings including 20 warehouses wrcrc demolished Hangars and docks were set a blaze A phos phate plant was damaged An ore dock was hit Yap and XJliti to the northeast of Palau vrere attacked March 30 Airdrome facilities and build ings were ripped at Tap Several small vessels were sank at Uliti and the dock radio station and other buildings were dam aged Wolcai midway between Palau and Truk was raided March 31 From 7 to 12 planes were de stroyed ground installations 1 Passover Rites Held on Anzio Beachhead by Chaplain From Iowa With the Fifth Army at the An zio Beachhead Chaplain Morrison Kcrtzer of Iowa City Iowa recently arrived at the Anzio beachhead direct from the United States and conducted Jewish serv ices Friday night marking the high holiday Passover The rites commemorating the Israelites freedom from bondage in ancient Egypt were held in a sunken sandbagged ward tent in the American hospital area which has been shelled and bombed many times by the Germans Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Mostly cloudy Saturday night and Sunday with light showers in the extreme west late Saturday night and in the west and southern portions Sunday wanner southeast anc east central portions Saturday night continued mild Sunday Minnesota Cloudy south and cen tral Partly cloudy extreme novth Light showers southwcs and south central portions Sat inday night and Sunday LHlli change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 65 Minimum Friday night 38 At 8 a m Saturday 44 At 2 p m Saturday 68 YEAR AGO Maximum 6 Minimum 29 poration in an attempt to capital ize on confusion on Hungary beamed a broadcast to state police asking it to assist persons attempt ing to cross the borders and join the Russians or the Jugoslav par tisans of Marshal Tilo Tosip If necessary use your weap ons the broadcast said Noting the Berlin radios asser tion that Bulgarian pilots helped defend Bucharest when the allies bombed the Rumanian capital pril 4 BBC alsu reminded Bui aria it had not broken relations Russia Kadio Ankara from neutral Tur ey declared that the Bulgaria rrocn were indeed gainst Russia since the allied at ack was aimed at preventins the ransfcr of German reinforcements nd supplies to the Russian front This action of the Bulgarian irforce has created tension in relations the Ankara broadcast said Tiny Albania invaded 5 years 3go received a promise of resur ection in several broadcasts eamcd there U S Secretary of State Hulls renewed American iledge of Albanian independence was included WIN STRONGHOLD AT PADIGL10NE Allies Slightly Improve Line on Beachhead By EDWAKD KENNEDY Allied Headquarters Naples American combat patrol alter a sharp clash with the Ger But a man over 26 already in IA not automatically delayed until Saturdays order The text of Ilersheys order war and navy depart ments have now requested the selective service that the im mediate necessity for young men the armed forces is greater Kin the need to iminediatacly ill calls nen This licated with respect to classiiica ion in the amended local board memoranda J15 and 164 which lad been hailed to you The war and navy depart mentsc have now requested the lircctor selective service to take additional measures o ac jomplish the immediate neccssit for young men even though sucl measures may result m the cur rent call not being filled oldiers will observe the day at small services in scores of Nissen huts Within sound of frontline battle Protestant troops of the 5th army in Italy will attend dawn services Lt Gen Mark Clark 5th army commander will read the Easter story from the Scripture at a 2nd service Sunday after noon and a choir of 25 WACs an soldiers will sine hymns A sunrise service in a large theater in a north African city will combine observances of both Christians and Jews Radio will carrv these services to troops at even the most isolated points in the Mediterranean Easter masses for Catholic troops will be conducted in chapels and churches near where troops are stationed both in Italy and north Africa Civilians in Britain will lake this their 5th wartime Easter in stride wearing last years re juvenated clothing for under British rationing you do not buy new Easter clothes Furbishing up their old ones ign Commissar Vyachcslav Molo n first disclosing that Rus ian troops had crossed into Ru uania said the only purpose was o pursue the Germans and not to ncquire territory Dorohoi a rail junction 33 miles inside the border of Rumania proper and 76 miles northeast of Insi and Botosani IB miles south east of Dorohoi were among 150 places captured in the sweeping Russian offensive in Rumania Stalin said The announcement said tiie Si ret river which parallels the Prut about 35 miles inside northern Rumania had been reached on a front along 53 miles The town ot Siret on the river 24 miles south of Czernowitz Ccrnauti also was reported captured By the CzcchoSlovakKuman ian frontier Stalin presumably meant the northeastern border of Hungary which absorbed the Car by inductions of older need has been in Gen Sir Henry Maitland Wilson supreme commander in the Medi erranean pointed out that the quickest way to liberate the coun tryis to avoid all collaboration with the Germans and resist and harass them in every possible way Glasses Discarded by Man 100 Years Old Tucson Ariz John E Lindley past his 100th birthday is through with glasses He used them until he was 90 then cast them aside because he couldnt get a pair to fit Now he reads daily the small print of his Bible without so much as a squint niahE has established slrongpoint northwest of one slightly improving the nllicc line on the central sector of the beachhead below Rome head quarters announced Saturday On the cast flank of the beach head allied artillery mortars am tanks remained active and cnem buildings were gradually crumb ling from repeated bombardmen Allied guns also knocked out German tank 3 miles northeast o Carroccto 21 miles below Rome The nazis continued to pour harassing fire over the beach head but generally they remained on the defensive Attempted ene my infiltrations at some points were repulsed On the main 5th army front there were the usual patrol en counters and artillery duels with considerable shelling by both sides along the Garigliano river The 7th air force battalion composed of military offenders given an opportunity to redeem themselves as ground holdtcn has reappeared in Ihc German line nt the beachhead The outfit had an original strength of 328 and re ceived 80 replacements but has been reduced to 200 by casualties The airforces again hammered Yon arc therefore directed t exercise your authority to post pone the processing for inductio of men 26 and over who are mak ing a contribution to essential jig ricultural war production or wa supporting activities even though such men have been found ac ceptable for military service or have been ordered to report for induction or pveinduction phy sical examinations Postponement of the proces sing of such men should remain in effect until you are satisfied that the processing of men under the age of 26 has been accom plished You are authorized to make individual exceptions to this in struction upon the recommenda tion of the local board or upon your own decision Previous in structions to currently forward for induction sufficient additional men to make up shortages in pre vious months calls arc hereby re scinded for the traditional Easter parade ong Piccadilly Londoners this eck started a run on cleaners id caused most of the shops to lose their doors at midweek with igns such as No morn work ac cptcd until after April 12 s Anniversary of Vataans Fall Allied Headquarters Southwest pacific of Ameri can servicemen and women will t sunrise Sunday for services symbolizing the spirit which marked the eulogies for the men on Balaan pronounced 1 years ago by Gen Douglas Mac Arthur and President Manuel Quezon of the Philippines The anniversary of the loss of Bataan falls this year on Easter Sunday General PvlacArthur paid trib pathoTJItraine from CzechoSlo vakm when Ihc latter was dis membered in 1939 Hungary ex tended her border to the Carpa thian Tartar Pass by absorbing that part of old CzechoSlovakia The premiermarshal ordered a salute in Moscow Saturday night of 24 artillery salvoes from 324 kind reserved for ma jor victories Units of Marshal Zukhovs army which surged across to the border will be recommended to bear the n a m e Carpathian Foothills Stalin said GERMANS IN FLIGHT FROM FORT OF ODESSA Moscow and Ru manians were reported in flight from Odessa Saturday as the Rus sian army drew tight a siege arc which pressed is close as 96 miles to the northeast of the big Black sea port scene oC longdrawn so viet resistance in 1943 A dispatch by Capl Koustanlin Tokarcv to Rci Star said anr Kroup of Gen Rodion Y Slalinov kys 3rd Ukrainian army caught enemy column hurrying from he city along a narrow muddy oad northwest of the part and cilievcd so Ereat a surprise that heavily at German rail communi cations in Italy Friday flying about 1700 sorties and destroy ing 31 enemy planes for a loss of 3 allied heavy bombers and 7 other planes It was announced that allied antiaircraft guns have I IS FOUND DKAD Washington W S Kyle said Ben Stout Jr 26 farm er southeast of Washington was found dead of a gunshot wound Friday in his car in a woods near his home The coroner said Stout an ostemyelitis sufferer had been unable to find farm help utc to the Balaan heroes at the time in these words The Bataan force went out as it would have to Ihe end No army lias ever done so much with so little Nothin became it more than its last hour of trial and agony Those Filipino dicrs planelcss airmen and ship less sailors and American ma rines held up the Japanese on slaught 3i months Easter 2 years aso found the united nations cause in the Pa cific near its lowest ebb Easter this year finds the tide in the Pacific flowing westward and northward toward the Philippine and Asia gathering power and speed with each advance Acknowledging the honors be stowed on him by the common wealth government on the 2n anniversary of his arrival Australia from the Philippine General MacArthur renewed h pledge 1 came through and I shall return MacArthurs communique an destroyed 157 planes since first landings Buy War havings Bonds and the Stamps from your carrier boy nouncing the American landings in the Admiralty islands Feb 29 said that group was 1300 miles great circle nautical miles from the Philippines In purely geographical terms the allies in the Admiralties to day are no closer to the Philip pines than were the allies in Dar win northern Australia 2 years ago But they are much closer in terms ot Japanese naval merchant shipping sunk he enemy was imablc tn put lip csislancc The road was severed be said nd hundreds of the invaders were hrown back into the icy Dniester wamps Tokarcv gave these exact dis ances of the soviet iron ringabout American sol Odessa To the northeast 96 miles To the northwest 16R miles Great panic swept through lit ile outskirt villages between Lakes Kiuainitzky and Khadzhi bay as Russian cavalry and tanks followed by infantry broke down one defense line after another in the 5 mile wide land corridor ap proaching Odessa from the north east the correspondent reported The roar of battle was heard in Odessas streets Fortyfive miles northwest of the Black sea metropolis the Rus sians have encircled still another group of the enemy S to 6 divi sions comprising 25000 to 50000 men above the rail junction of Ra7delnaya which was captured Wednesday Tokarcv described the enciicle mentmcnt as a boiler because there was so much confusion A Russian communique said 5000 Germans were killed and more than 1000 captured in a 2 day battle that followed the draw ing of the ring about the pocket and that 64 guns and 24 tanks fell into soviet hands Very heavy battles were in full and i swing southwest of Tarnopol at I Ihc northwestern end ot the ;