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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 07, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 7, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP T DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND AftCHIVtS HOINE6 IA THE NEWSPAPER THAT VOL LI MAKES ALL NORTH JOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Pnss United Praj Full Leased Five Cents a Copyl INSIDE WASHINGTON Bowles Hopes OPA Will Continue After VE Day Central Press Capital Staff capital grad ually is learning that OPA Ad ministrator Chester Bowles wants to remain just that AU speculation that Bowles is in line for other jobs in the ad ministration when vacancies oc cur flops Bowles from time to time has been mentioned for a number of rother posts but when the guess gives way to reality Bowles iHH heading the price and ra ioning agency And this is just what he wants Bowles former advertising ex tilecutive seems to enjoy his skir vednishes with congress when he up to Capitol Hill to argue for b itimiation of the price control was He wows many congressmen his method of producing big charts at committee hear nn s to show what OPA is doing friends Bowles OPAs activities will be bulp as the war considerable time at least they are now They say he AT id to stay in office to see his I gram through the early months U I Ipeace owies is genuinely concerned irces near him say lest a slack Jig in price control and ration after VE day and the defeat Japan should lead to the wild pflation thatfollowedWorld war MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APRIL 7 1945 SINK JAP SUPER BATTLESHIP NA The highest political sources 2eare reporting that the big 3 holding their rendezvous with his tory at Yalta set the date of the forthcoming united nations con ference at San Francisco clock wise with their best estimate of when Germany would collapse President Franklin Roosevelt Prime Minister Winston Churchill and PremierMarshal Josef Stalin purportedly decided it would be best for the allies to have their conference after organized nazi resistance in Europe had ended A general discussion was said to have followed in which the chiefs of staff reportedly partici pated They foresaw a nazi down fall around the first of April Thus the big S the story goes set April 25 as the opening date of the united nations meeting They wanted it was explained a few weeks grace for the gen eral pattern of warchurnedEu rope to unscramble They also banked on the fact that the dele gates would be in session 7 or 8 much diplomatic sand could shift in that time The surplus property adminis tration is exploring the possibility of cannibalizing excess war their component parts for nonflight purposes Engines for example might be used to run farm pumps or re frigerator equipment Two studies also are under way to determine the best method ol reclaiming the various metals Congress is again faced with a situation where it will have to step on the accelerator to avoic getting into a jam on deadline bills This year more than the usual number of bills will have to be passed fay deadline dates if they are passed at the administration labels each of them a must measure On nearly all these bills hear ings must be held and they must go through the various legislative stages all of which take time Heading the list of urgent leg islation is a bill continuing the major provisions of the Selective Service Act including authority to draft men for the armed services all expiring May 15 The bill extending the recipro cal trade agreements act which expires June 12 has only been started on its way through en gress It faces a bitter and over the proposal to permit 75 per cent cuts in the SmootHawley tariff rates The price control act expires Jane 30 A Sill renewing authori ty for the price and wage stabili zation program is now under a sharp attack Legislation continuing the lend lease program which has yet to be acted upon by the senate faces a deadline To top the crowded schedule all regular ap propriation bills must be passed by June 33 the beginning of the new fiscal year Allied Troops Push TowardJIannover Bremen GERMANS CLAIM FIERCE BA1TLE WITH 3RD ARMY Complete Jap Battle Cabinet Despite Interruptions by Superfort Raids on Tokyo British Army Flanks Bremen Advances 60 Miles From Hamburg Paris P American tanks struck to within 10 miles of Han nover Saturday in a breakout from their Weser and British armor fought less than 12 miles from the great port of Bremen Both allied advances bearing down on the great northern Ger man cities still were going strong Saturday afternoon The U S 9th army lashed out from Hamelin on the Weser river and careened B miles toward Han nover The British plunge carried 35 miles Hanking Bremen 342000 and hitting to within 60 miles of Hamburg Ger manys 3rd city The German high command de clared a fierce battle was raging In the U S 3rd army territory east of Muehlhausen and within 130 miles or less of Berlin This is near the Eisleben atea in which the Germans Friday had announced airborne operations Capture German Gold Reserve With the 90fh InfantryDivision at Ulerkers troops Saturday captured what was be lieved to be the entire German cold reserve possibly billions of dollars worth of German and for eign currency arid alarge store of Germanys most valuable art treasures hidden in a salt mine Fritz Vieck reichsbank official captured at the salt mine esti mated that 100 tons of gold bul lion probably all the Germans have is stored in a room 2100 feet below the ground in the salt mine Vieck also estimated that 000000000 in paper marks was in the mine as well as in American paper currency 100 000000 French francs 110000 English pounds 4000000 Norweg ian crowns and smaller amounts of other paper currency within 90 miles of Berlin Corres pondents with the 3rd army said they were unable to confirm or denv the Eisleben area operations The British tanks flanked the great Weser river port of Bremen and struck to within 60 miles of Hamburg on the Elbe A spectacular 35mile drive by the British 7th armored division carried to a point less than a dozen miles southeast of Bremen a front dispatch said and also toppled the crossroads town of Schwarfoerden 22 miles due south of the city of 342000 Americans fought 18 miles from Hannover Canadian armor shoot in through Holland surged to within 9 miles of the last rail es cape line for Germans in the great western Dutch cities and within 19 miles ot the Zuider Zee British tanks in win drives charged from Diepholi 35 miles southwest of Bremen in a beeline p mBaron Kantaro Suzuki Saturday announced a new battle cabinet lor Japan with himself as premier foreign min ister and Greater East Asia minister Suzuki in prewar years regarded as a political moderate itlier admirals a general and a group of career civil servants to help him guide Japan in the greatest military and political crisis in her history The cabinet list was broadcast by the Tokyo Domei agency pre sumably after it had been ap1 proved by Emperor Hirohito Its completion was delayed by the American Superfortress attack on Tokyo Saturday Domei said Only Navy Minister Mitsumasa Yonai and Justice Minister Hiro masa Matsuzaka were retained from the cabinet of Gen Kuniaki Koiso which resigned 2 days ago in a storm of criticism over Ja pans recent military defeats Gen Korcchika Anami tor ffcneral of army aviation headi quarters was named war minis ter and Adm Teijiro Toyada for mer chief of the navy aviation de partment was given the posts of munitions transportation communications minister Most of the other members of the new cabinet were veteran ca reer civil servants Anami the new war minister was vice minister of war before the Japanese attack on Pearl Har bor He was appointed director general of the army aviation headquarters and concurrently a member of the Japanese supreme war council last Dec 2S Genki Abe the new home min ister was a former superintend ent general of the metropolitan police board and a veteran police official The cabinet was Japans 3rd of jimmy Stewart Given Full Colonel Rank London Actor Jim my Stewart who enlisted in the army air force as a private is now a full colonel He is serving as chief of staff for a U S8th air force combat wing consisting of several bomber groups He came to the European theater of operations 18 months ago as a B24 pilot with the rank of captain JAP AMBASSADOR San Francisco In a dePartment investigation official has been elevated by the Japanese foreign office to the rank of minister plenipotentiary and will be ordered to Germany the Japanese Domei news agency and in a broadcast dispatch Buecken 22 miles southeast of the star ADMIRAL SUZUKI Baltic Cabinet Superforts Fighters Hit Jap Homelapd Guam IUK An estimated 400 Superfortresses escorted by range Mustang fighters poured hundreds of tons of demolition bombs on the Musashina and Mit subishi aircraft engine plants on the island of Honshu Saturday The air armada was he largest landbased force to hit the enemy nomcland and marked the first time that fighters had teamed with the giant B29s for a double attack on targets on Honshu The fighters came from newlv acquired bases on Iwo Jima 750 miles south of Tokyo They have been in action previously targets in the nearby Bonins but this was the first time they had appeared over the Japan home is land The planes roared over he Musashina factory at Xakajima near Tokyo and the Mitsubishi Plant at Nagoya a few hours be fore dawn and early reports indi cated the weather was clear enough topermit bombing from a medium height These factories account for roughly z4 of the production of Japanese combat aircraft engines Tney have been the targets of sev eral previous raids by Superforts and serious damage to them would badly cripple enemy aircraft pro duction Tokyo radio said 40 of he Mus tangs bombefl and strafed western Tokyo and the ncnrhy port of lokohama The Mustangs based on Iwo n r DIIVE FRONTSAmnvS locate principal allied drives oiV2 vivp 7 American and British thrusts across the n t areaOther British troops driving northward reached Diepholtz and captured Stolzenau In the center of the western front Americans pushing eastward under a news blackout were believed to be in Rudolstadt area On the eastern front Russians fought near Vienna the war and was hailed in advance by the Japanese press as a pat tle government tiiat wouUlumte Japan and utilize all her resources to turn the tide ot the war aaainst the allies But it took office at a time when American troops were rap idly extending their hold on Oki nawa only 330 miles southwest of Japan and while American plants uere stepping up their air raids on Japanese cities to a pitch approaching those on Germany It was these developments coupled with the loss ot Iwo 750 miles south of Japan that forced the Koiso government to resign Only last June the government headed by Premier Gen Hideki Tojo one of the authors of the at tack on Pearl Harbor fell under similar circumstances following the loss of the Marianas The German DN3 agency Fri day night relayed what it said was a Singapore broadcast announc ing that Tojo was a member of the new government but it was ap parent that DNB had garbled the report Germans Report Russians Capture Vienna Suburb 1 London troops have captured Moelding southern suburb of Vienna after bloody house to house fighting and the fiercest combat mssde the Austrian capital is raging in the eastern quarter MrnnvA m nf Ii n i t uubtu on iwo toward Hamburg Germany s 3rd Jmia are assigned to the 7th city of 1682000 Armor reached fighter command which is headed an unidentified point a scant dozen by Brig Gen Ernest M Micfcev Moore a former West Point track YANKS CAPTURE ITALIAN PEAK Continue Campaign Near Ligurian Coast Home Sth army troops continuing their attack near the Ligurian coast in west ern ttaly have captured thedomir ujiilu in me caiiern quarter where most of the citys utility plants are located a German broad IUCf cnirl Cl f 1 nrli cast said Saturday nigbti Soviet veterans of and Budapest had battered to within 4 miles of St Stephans church in the center of Vienna They were battling hastilyre inforced Germans who resisted stubbornly The Germans also declared the Russians had speared 30 miles west of Vienna and reached St Poelten on the road to Linz The penetrating spearheads were wiped out DNB added The broadcast said several Rus OPERATORS CALL OFF WLB VISIT Predict Contract With Lewis Can Be Concluded Washington Bituminous ine broadcast said several Ruscoal operators called off a sched sian bridgeneads thrown over the uled visit to the war labor board jSays Fourth of Jap Fleet Destroyed Washington UR An official navy spokesman sard Saturday that more than a fourth of the re maining Japanese fleet was de stroyed in Fridays battle ofl southern Japan Six Japanese ship including jthe superbattleship Yamato and 1 2 cruisers were sunk the spokes man said Whatstill remains the spokes man said constitutes a notso powcrful task force which could YAMATO LOST IN NIP ATTEMPT TO STOP YANKS 8 Other Warships 391 Planes Destroyed or Damaged in Attack Guam UR Admiral Chester W Nimitz Saturday announced Japan had lost the most powerful dreadnaught left in her battered 10000ton superbat tleship other warships sunk or damaged and 391 planes in a desperate air and sea attempt to stem the American invasion of Okinawa American losses were 3 de stroyers sunk several and smaller craft damaged and 7 planes shot down In addition to the Yamato the Japanese lost a light cruiser of the G000ton Agano class a smaller cruiser and 3 destroyers Three other destroyers were left burn ing Their air losses included 116 planes lost to American fighters and antiaircraft in a Japanese at ack April 6 on shore installations and ships off Okinawa 215 planes shot down by fleet carrier fight ers in the same action 30 Japa nese planes shot down April 7 the day on which the Japanese fleet losses were inflicted The Yamato was hit by at least 8 torpedoes launched by torpedo aircraft and 8 heavy bombs in addition to strafing by rocket and machinegun live Nimitz revealed that the blow to the desperate Japanese was once again inflicted by the fast carrier force of Vice Admiral Marc A Mitscher The Yamato Kimilz said was the most powerful battleship left in the Japanese leet It probably wasJjipans newest dreadnaughj laid 1939 and probably commissioned after the start of the Pacific war H was rated at better than 40 000 ons but the exact figure nev er was known It was supposed to have been armed with 9 16inch Morava river east of Vienna had been smashed and that the Soviets also were attempting to cross the Danube between Vienna and Hamburg 25 miles to the east There was no immediate con Saturday and expressed belief that a contract with John L Lewis could be written on Monday In lieu of a personal report on the status of negotiations with the United Mine Workers the oper ators said they were sending a here was no immediate con aors they were sending a 1 irmation of the report that the letter to the WLB details of which llmCl nnntn tint nll n1 Russians were Hearing the center ol Vienna but Moscow dispatch es said the red army was fighting for the Simmering district just city limits on the transAtlantic port Buecken is a mile and a half from the Weser river and 60 miles from Hamburg atthe mouth of the Elbe last nat ural barrier line left to the Ger mans short of Berlin Farther south U S Sth army troops were 5 miles across the Weser and within 18 miles of Hannover Still farther south American 1st army troops pushed another 7 miles to a joint 12 miles east of Kassel Other 1st and 9th army forces slowly compressed holdings of the 120000 to 150000 Germans trapped in the Ruhr The Canadian 1st army drove 3 mites north of captured Coevordcn Into Dalen on the highway to Gronigen in northern Holland They were 9 miles from the Ger mans sole remaining railway link ing with Amsterdam Rotterdam the Hague and Utrecht To the east other Canadians fighting in Germany cleared Mep pen 48 miles sooth of Etnden and fought on at points 35 miles from the North Sea Southwest of these actions Ca nadian tanks battled a mile from Deventer 18 miles from the Zuider Zee Street fighting still raged in the moated city of Zulphen 9 miles south of Deventer Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaiette earner boy The assault marked the opening of a new phase of the air offen sive against Japan With fighter protection the Superfortresses can drop their cargoes of five and demolition bombs from lower al titudes with much less chance of interception The fighters identified by radio Tokyo as Mustanss presumably came from newlycaptured air fields on Iwo island only 750 miles south of Tokyo The eiiemy broadcast said 40 of the Mustangs bombed and strafed western Tokyo and the nearby port of Yo Specific targets were not an nounced but a number of aircraft ciDial k center inside the southeast The reds reached Simmering site of Viennas main gas power and water stations after captur ing adjoining Schwechat on the edge of the city Friday Two soviet army groups were storming Vienna back door to Germany and the Bavarian Alps where nazi diehards were plotting a final stand Marshal Feodur I Tolbukhiiis 3rd Ukrainian army group cap tured Schwechat and presumably mt UUUM vas the first to enter Vienna natmg 3000foot Monte itself Altkettenhof and Rothneu to and are driving forward against scattered resistance al lied headquarters announced Sat urday Monte Folgorito is miles from the sea coast and 191miles southeast of La Spczia North of Strettoia half way be tween Monte Folgorito and the sea the Americans were com pelled to withdraw slightly from newly won positions A small German counterattack northwest of the town was repulsed Two British destroyers the Marne and Lookout and swarms of American fighterbombers ef fectively supported the 5th army operations in the Monte Folgorito were not immediately disclosed Conference Chairman Ezra Van Horn made the following state ment at the close of an unusually long session which Ihe operators previously had predicted would not mean anything and would face a report of a stalemate to the At our meeting Saturday morning 3 subcommittees were juns and had a speed of 30 knots or better The Okinawa seaair battle revealed opened Friday IULIIU Guam time with a strong Japa be easily handled by any one of ncsc air attack launched against the U S fleets major task forces forces on Okinawa WLB appointed to deal with technical questions under consideration He said that the composition of the Japanese high speed vessels made it obvious the enemy was trying to pull off a sneak raid on our ships off Oki nawa They didnt get away with it he added because we have the en tire Japanese fleet under surveil lance at all times He said our air craft and submarines keep a con stant watch on the enemy ships holed up in homeland ports The Japanese flee may pos sibly have found the inland sea of the homeland untenable because of the air raids and the constant rial observation the spokesman They may have been coming out to go some place else to hide he added He was asked How much of the j concentration of ships shore and1 the lying off The Japanese pressed their at tacks with desperation Nimitz said and succeeded in sinking 3 U S destroyers and damaging several other smaller craft But they failed to hit any of our larg er fleet units In this battle lie fleet carrier fiffhtcrs had a field day knocking 245 Jap planes out of the sky while fighter plane pilots on Ok inawa and ackack batteries there accounted for another 116 Early Saturday fleet air search plnncs sighted a Japanese surface fleet which had steamed out of its refuge in the Inland sea and passing south of the main Japa nese island of Kyushu had headed into the East China sea The force possibly as strong a as suons a Japanese fleet did we get in this j fleet as the Japs could muster for Ihcir allout effort to oust us from It looks like a good 25 per cent unu seidlboth 4 miles west of Vienna also fell to the 3re army group as it clamped a pincers around the city The 3 subcommittees will stcd 3 Jap linue in session and report back at 3 that time and wn hnwtho 3 es that time and we have the belief that a contract can then be con cluded battle listed 3 Japanese destroy ed and escaped The 2nd Ukrainian army i o 1 r under Marshal Rodicm Y Malin LanCCl Loal KatlOllS ovsky cleared a 17mile stretch of the south river and joined in from the southeast stroyers Mitscher as so many times pre vlously was ordered to the at lack His fast carrier force charged in at high speed and by bank of the Danube Ihc assault for Berlin Homes London coal rations for domestic heating in Berlin been cancelled the German The spokesman here expressed the opinion that the Japanese force did not include that many i noon brought the Japanese to bay destroyers He thought that in the While the fleet planes had found excitement of battle more of these tno sky filled with Japanese air craft were reported than actually j craft Friday they discovered no participated Japanese planes over the fleet They just dont have that many j when they drove in for the at Malinovskyrs troops reached the for southeastern outskirts after cap havt me ui luring the twin suburbs of Fischa1 Transocean news agency an rnenddorf and Fischamendmarkt i nounced in a broadcast Saturday a miles west of Schwechat Thc decree followed Fridays said the mid began at a m Tokyo lime ana lasted an hour Our air defense forces in in terception battles against the enemy raiders scored good results although the exact number of enemy planes shot down or dam aged at present is being checked up radio Tokyo said In skies over Tokyo alone four ported that some enemy were silenced and others compelled to move On tlic eastern coastal sector of the British 81h armv troops in what mamifacturj was described officially as a lo cal attack Other 2nd army group units threatened Vienna from the north east They broke through to the Morava river on a 37mile front the order cutting off the gas supply to the roieh capitals homes and instituting a further drastic re in electricity re river northwest of San Alberto and near the southwest corner of Lake Comacchio They took 60 prisoners 1 Eighth army headquarters dis closed that the recent successful clearing of the enemy from the spit of land separating Lake Co macchio from the Adriatic was carried out by the British 2nd Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair with mild tcm of Brno fell to the Russians j Iowa Fair with mild temperatures a the northern end of the Morava j Saturday night and Sunday be I wvxi Wllll llltj guns Danube and opposite the Napo werc leonic battlefields of Wagram and I AspernEssling i Kuly 38 miles northeast or icmia and 42 miles southeast of the Czechoslovak industrial ccn e nver breakthrough or five enemy planes were ported to have been bagged A later Japanese communique Buy youi said 120 planes raided Tokyo and I Stamps fror Jau Aagoya i carrier boy commando brigade which cap tured nearly 1000 prisoners high command said hurriedly were re thc o vtuji un e Vienna front with reinforcements Stone buildings and factories in the outskirts and suburbs of Vi enna have been converted into blockhouses from which the en emy was offering ferocious re sistance a communique said A number of German counter attacks were repulsed Friday and several thousand enemy troops i killed coming unsettled late Sunday Minnesota Cloudy north and Partly cloudy south Saturday and Sunday Light showers ex treme north Sunday No decided change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 48 Minimum Friday 31 At 8 a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum L fii Minimum 30 destroyers to spare to screen such i force the spokesman j The Japanese opened up with heavy antiaircrvft tire but the small SaiU urivi i tire 01 If any destroyers did escape the American planes pressed in fleeing ships were strafed and rocketed by our carrier airmen spokesman said they probably Attacking the Japanese at a were all damaged because the j Point only 50 miles southwest of r 4 i Kyushu they rammed at least 8 torpedoes into the big Yamato and rained B heavy bombs on to her j She sank In the same vicinity i they sank the Agnno cruiser the small cruiser and 3 destroyers Three other destroyers were left ablaze About 3 destroyers escaped from this attack Nimitz said The carrier forces which made the attack were commanded by Rear Admirals F C Sherman A W Rariford G F Bogan and J J Clark The weight of the enemy attack made It plain that the desperate Japanese In the midst of a deep cabinet crisis with American forces firmly installed at Okinawa and faced with the soviet denun ciation of the RussoJap neutrality pact had made a doordle at tempt to drive us from Okinawa At the same time on land American forces encountered stif fcned Japanese opposition as thev YANKS STRIKE NAZI AIRFIELDS London hundred flying Fortresses and Liberators of the U S 8th air force escorted by 850 Mustang and Thunderbolt fighters Saturday attacked 4 air fields in northern Germany Targets included the home bases of jetpropelled fighter planes 3 ordnance and ammunition depots an oil depot and a railyard The Germans also said Italy based bombers were over Austria Saturday The crippled Luftwaffe attempt ed to intercept the American heavyweights and preliminary re crs were shot down into the I signed to protect the northern tip ;