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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 7, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of H ISTORY DES U THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L Associated Press and Uuilcd Press full Leased Wires MASON CITS IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 7 1944 Tills Paper Consists ot Two One NO 157 Bradley Tells Officers Leading Invasion Hes Sure of Outcome With the American Infantry Division Somewhere in England Gen Omar N Bradley told American officers prepar ing for the in vasion of Eu rope Friday that this stuff about t r e in e n clous losses is tom myrot The success of the w hole war depends on this operation and I have no fear of its out the commander Amer ican ground forces in the unitec kingdom assured officers who lead the doughboys into action When the time comes you wil be surprised by the naval gunfire nd air power wo have Some of you wont come back but it will be very few In the Tunisian campaign we ost only an average of 3 or 4 men o 1000 and certainly seeing a how like this ought to be worth hat chance They say Banuim and Bailey lad the greatest show on earth but that will be only a sideshow compared to the one you will be in When your men get up to fight you will he scared but it will uc up to you to get up and lead your men in attack Put your men in the right frame of mind You cant surren der in warfare Fight it out to the last ammunitions The enemy might be as bad off as you are It is much better to do that than to be made prisoner 1 have heard rumors that 90 cr cent of us wouldnt come jack he continued That is tommyrot I think you ire lucky to have this opportuni y and 1 am happy 16 be with you We have the best soldiers and best equipment and more of ii than the Germans ever dreamed of After a few days of it you wont have anything to worry about He urged them not to con demn your men too quickly if they show fear in the early stages but to exert lead them Warning that your leadership forward and the German will play dirty Bradley said know of cases where he has booby trapped the dead Dont trust him very far Sometimes they will come out waving white flags and then open Iire on you ARMADA OF 250 BOMBERS AGAIN RIPS HOLLANDIA Japs North New Guinea Supply Base Is Left in Smoking Ruins Allied Headquarters Southwest Pacific UR Allied bombers sweeping over clebrisclutterec airfields at Hollandia blasted the Japanese northern New Guine supply base again Wednesday ii the wake of new doubleprongec attacks on Truk big enemy bus lion 1000 miles to the novtheas in the Carolines it was uisclosec DECLARE JAPS HAVE REACHED IMPHAL SECTOR AU Initial Thrusts of Japs Are Repulsed Mountbatten Declares New Delhi inva sion forces driving westward through Indias Manipur state have reached the Imphal area and are engaging the defenders oL that British stronghold a com munique disclosed Friday Admiral Lord Louis Mounl lialtcns southeast Asia head quarters reported that small enemy columns were attacking British positions around Imphal but asserted that all these initial thrusts had been repulsed The altacks apparently were made by Japanese flying columns moving down the ImphalKohima highway in the van of Ihe main enemy force The communique also disclosed that the Japanese had consoli dated their 15mile road block on the highwaynorth ot Imphal and pushed on a crossthetoad to the west in the direction of the Assam Bengal railway some 5D miles away Allied troops have made con tact with the enemy forces west of the highway the communique said adding that the Japanese thus far have made only slight progress toward the railway Cutting off the Assam Bengal railroad which also is menaced by another enemy column moving westward above Kohiroa 60 miles north of Imphal would sever the main allied supply line to Lt Gen Joseph W Stillwclls Chinese and American forces in north Burma Meanwhile an allied announce ment revealed that the veteran 17th Indian division had fought its way out of a Japanese trap on the Tiddimlmphal highway and reached Imphal to aid in the de fense of that city The Indians were disclosed to have broken through repealed Japanese road blocks along the 160mile stretch of highway in flicting heavy casualties on the enemy at a cost of about 10 per cent of their strength Report to F R Says Wage Price Rules Must Continue Washington Roosevelt made public an indirect report from his top economic advisers which declared present wage price control policies must be continued Coming at a time when organ ized labor is pressing for relaxa tion of wage controls the report said the stabilization program has svorked so well that the cost ot living as a whole is actually lower today than it was a year ago and that wages have been stabilized We must not jeopardize these gains by any change of policy or relaxation of effort in the critical months ahead it said The report taking note of the fact that Saturday marks the first anniversary of his order on the cost of was submitted by Fred M Vinson economic stabilization director Chester Bowles price administra tor Marvin Jones war food ad ministrator and William H Davis national war labor board chair man Mr Roosevelt described it as important because it showed how the government was trying to keep prices from going up through the roof and ultimately bankrupting everybody in the country On this first anniversary of the issuance of the holdtheline the document said we oral effect of the policy it said has been to raise earnings of low wage groups or some of those which lagged behind the general wage upswing Nevertheless tola earnings have gone up the report said be cause of longer work hours high er paying war jobs and incentives to not regulated by ge rate controls But the basic wage structure has remained substantially unchanged and wages have been stabilized Friday A fleet of more than 250 liber ators Mitchell mediums and Bos ton bombers from Lt Gen George C Kenneys 5th air force assaulted Hollandia with 320 Ions of explosives and over a quarter million rounds of ammu nition leaving fires that still burned the next day Gen Douglas MacArthurs com munique said many buildings and gun positions were destroyed and smoke from flaming fuel dumps rose 15000 feet into the air The raid coming 3 days after Sun days big attack which temporarilj wiped out the enemys air powci there carried out without interception and all the planes returned safely Australian ground forces con tinued to press the Japanese back through the Mint Jim valley and Willkie Is Cheerful But MonCommital New York bul ioncommittal on his future plans Wendell Willkie came home Fri day from a campaign tour on which he slaked and lost his bid for the repub lican presiden tial nomination Willkie d e dined to add anything to the statement h e made in Omaha in w hi c h he said he w a s withdr a w i n h i s candidacy bocause it obvious I can WILLKIE not be nomi nated To all questions asked by Nazi Troops Told to Defend Odessa Base at Any Cost jewsmcn as to whether he woulc upport the candidate of the re publican national convention and pecifically whether he support Gov Thomas E Dewey should he be the nominee Willkic ncrcly smiled I made my statement in Dniaha he said It was com pletely comprehensive and I dont want to add to it1 Willkic said his national cam paign headquarters here a dozen rooms which were opened while he toured Wisconsin and which he has never visited would be closed immediately Asked il he planned oul ofstate trips he said he intended to devote his lime to his law prac tice here added This is where I live you know Willkie was met on his arrival by Ralph Cake national cominit pushcd the allied advanced line from Oregon and his cam Daughter of President Wilson Says U S Now Understanding Father Atlanta JP Eleanor Wilson McAdoo daughter of the late President Woodrow Wilson says the nation is coming to under stand the principle my father died for People all over the country thousands of them are beginning to see that a league of nations is the only solution said Mrs Mc Adoo in an interview The new plan may not be exactly what my father planned It will not do the Us or cross the Ts but it must be patterned after his idea Iowa Total in Armed Services Is 265000 DCS Monies Gen Charles H Grant state director o selective service said Friday tba Iowa now has contributed ap proximately 265000 persons to the armed services Gen Grahl said it was difficult lo estimate how many more lowans would bo called to the col ors but estimated the total prob ably will reach 285000 by July 1 Beyond July 1 the extent of manpower needs are much more uncertain he asserted in an intcr can report that the task of stop ping the rise in prices has thus farbcen carried out As a result the cost of living which before he holdtheline order was ris ng threequarters per cent a nonth has for a solid year been icld without change of any con equence As a matter of fact the report Id the cost of liviing as a vhole is slightly below the levels of a year ago The quartet of government of icials declared that slabiliza ion has brought deed to all groups They declared stabiliza tion had paid off on every hand in lasting rather than illusory benefits and had been of benefit particularly to some 20000000 persons incomes cannot be boostpd to keep place with rising prices The need for continued re straint and continued coopera tion with every phase of the sta bilization program is evident the report concluded Obviously too we should cling the report declared t said that the entire stabiliza tion program was in jeopardy a year and a half ago with the sta bilization line breaking sector af ter sector When the president read a statement from the report that prophets of disaster freely pre dicted an inflationary route he paused to say he was not naming any names The report said decisive action was taken to strengthen the stabil ization front and that the measures had succeeded with the support of the American people Families of fighting men low paid unorganized workers school teachers government employes and persons living oii oTct age and retirement pensions the report said have found promised protec tion in the holdthclinu policy And Mr Roosevelt said in an aside the working press of the United States has been protected from a reduction in wages IIAKD FOR NAZIS TO DECIDE WHERE TO STAND W a s h i n s t o n President Roosevelt told a pressradio con ference Friday thai the Russian military drive had been going ex tremely well and by reaching the western end of the Black sea had placed a great deal more German to within i miles of Baudashak G miles below the enemy seaport ot Bogacljim and about 400 miles south of Hollandia The New Guinea operations came as American planes from the nth 7th and 13th airforccs carried the aerial offensive on Truk into the 7th clay hammer ing Mocn and Dublon islands in the principal Carolines atoll both Monday and Tuesday Bisr liberators from the central Pacifics 7th airforce raided the 2 islands Monday and early Tues day while other liberators from Solomons bases returned at dawn Tuesday to add to the destruction puign manager and by Leo Casey his director of publicity Seventeen days ago Willkic left here in high hopes that his pro jected 13 day lour of Wisconsin would net him a majority of that slates 24 delegates to the national convention and give his campaign a practical as well as a psycho logical boost KUATION NO Silt its a batch ot fudge and Uie cooks using a G T mess kit are hattleliardeiiuu1 fighters taking time out from the excitement on Bougainville Lett to right are Pvt Jinimv Simon Perkins Cal Pfc L C Taber Indianapolis and Pfc C E Sclxer Newton N Cat who is melting butter for the confection Official U S army signal corps photograph GERMANS FIGHT ON FAVORABLE DEFENSE LINES Red Stormovik Planes Pound City Battles Rage in Tarnopol Area Moscow G c r m a n s invc rushed special units into line vilh orders to defend Odessa at cost and aie battling on the close approaches to that Black sea ovt from favorable positions be lind the many lagoons and lakes iroiccling the stronghold Red Star dispatches reported Friday While the Germans struck out in strong counterattacks from the almost beleaguered base Russian Stormovik planes and bombers pounded at the citys defenses and escape lines of communications Three hunilreii miles to the northwest the Russians engaged in stiff battles against large groups of enemy tanks infantry and self nroiicllcd suns sent to rescue an other licsiegcd German garrison at aruonol The attack wis launched from DEWEY MAKES NO COMMENT tTSJJjSnyJiberalors from Sidesteps Questions Difficult Road Ahead for Any GOP Darkhorse Hopefuls By JACK BELL Washington difficult road that lies ahead for any dark horse hopefuls was impressed on republicans Friday as v result o Wendell L Willkies retirement from the race for the partys prcsi dential nomination With Willkie out of the running a swing appeared underway for Gov Thomas E Dewey of New York Definite indications developed central Pacific forces were lost ii the attacks during which one and probably another of 6 Japanese night fighters were shot down Bombers from the 7th airforce also hit 4 enemy bases in the Marshalls Tuesday and carried out the 5th straight raid on Ponape 443 miles cast of Truk destroyer cx in the Carolines An American held territory in jeopardy He indicated that he believed Germany would find it increas ingly difficult to decide where to make a stand and where to dis pose her manpower since the Russians now are in a position to expand their campaign to the west to the south or to the south west The red army now has more places to go Mr Roosevelt re marked by a slight turn to the south soviet forces could launch an attack in the Balkans changed gunfire with enemy shore patrol on Wotje atoll in the Mar shalls to rescue the pilot of a corsair fighter forced down near the Japanese base Front dispatches disclosed that the big American raid on Truk last Saturday night left flames covering an area of 6 city blocks among warehouses and dwellings on Dublon island center of naval activities in the atoll Pilots who took part in the attack said 95 per cent of the bombs dropped by liberators hit the target areas Regardifig Aspirations Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy to the policies and machinery which have served us so cffcc ivcly so far Asked at a pressradio confer cncc whether the stabilization rc jort could be interpreted as an to demands to shatter the ittle steel formula 11 r Roosc Thc president repeated that things on the Russian front were going extremely well adding thai c could not prognosticate He said he nothing more jbout rumors t Ii a t Rumania might make pence than was fil tering through London veil replied that it wasnt an an swer to anything but a statement of fact The report conceded there had been price increases in some lines for example But it said these had been offset fully by reductions in prices of other items notably foods The record of a year of stable living costs it saidis unprecedented in this war or the last one On the wage question the re port noted that some adjustments had to be made to correct gross inequities eliminate substandards of living and give effect lo the steel wage formula The gen Report Allies Drop Cheese Ration Cards in Raids on Germany By Uniled Press Cheese ration cards have been dropped by allied planes recently over Germany and nazi authorities have ordered severe penalties j for their use the Swiss newspaper Journal De Geneve said in an article reported by the office of war information Friday Weather Report FORECAST Mason Cily Clearing and cooler Friday night LOW temperature l in Mason City 25 Saturday fair j Iowa Fair and colder Friday night Saturday fair slightly warmer west portion Minnesota Partly cloudy Friday and Salurday Slightly south portion Friday Albany X Y UR Gov Thomas E Dewey sidestepped j questions rcgaidini his prcsklcn tial aspirations at his first press conference since Wendell L Will kies withdrawal from the GOP presidential nomination race have no comment to make on any political subject Dewey said late Thursday when ques tioned as to whether in view of Willkies move he planned to be come an avowed candidate 1 have discussed that subject so many times that my position in it is entirely Dewey added There wont be any comment on my political questions Im whol y engaged in attempting to dis pose of some 900 bills left by the legislature The governor repeatedly has avoided the issue of his candi dacv by slating that he is devoted entirely to the affairs of the stale Dewey likewise declined com ment on a statement by Mayor Theodore R Keldin ot Baltimore that Dewey was a 100 per cent candidate Kelclins statement was made following a visit with the governor in New York Cily YANKEE DOWNS 27TH AIRPLANE Captain Gentile Ohio Tops Rickenbacker Mark ii is there tha i would have to Germanheld territory southwest of Tarnopol the Russian bulletin aid and came after Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs firsl Ukrain an army had captured moie than lalf of the area within the city Street lighting has been reported oing on Monday Attempts to lift the siege Thurs day were repulsed with heavy losses the communique announced but added that fierce fighting is continuing The Germans it appeared were attempting to rescue both the Tar nopol garrison and the remnants of 15 divisions encircled in Ihe Skala sector northeast of Czerno wilz and have thrown formidable forces into Ihe drive to crack the red army cordons Zhtikovs troops however were Amons these was the prediction reported to have tightened their Danahcr R Conn that ring of oiiciieluinciil near Skala Dewey would collect a major share of the support which WTil I kie renounced after his defeat in Tuesdays Wisconsin primary of Sen most Connecticuts Hi instructed delegates to be selected next week would favor Dewey Willkies greatest lireconvention strength was in New England and lat olher candidates to make inroads if A U S Fighter Base in England they hoped lo transfer his support Capt Don S Gentile 21 year old mustan Ohio Friday pilot from claimed 2i Piqua enemy planes downed in combat one more than the American record established by Capt Eddie Rick enbacker in the first World war and equaled by 2 marine flyers in this war Gentile the first American pilot in this theater to equal the record and perhaps the first in any theater of war to exceed it Oulv available records here show Marine Majors Joe Foss of Sioux Falls S Dak and Gregory Boy inglon of Okanogan Wash equaled Rickcnbackers record of 26 in the Pacific Boyington is now missing to themselves There were some republicans who had envisioned the possibil ity that Ilcwcy and Willkic would present almost equal strength on the first ballot Any such result they said mighl those convention was tile frankly expressed Sen Viindcnberji T Arn 311 night colder night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 61 Minimum Thursday night 30 At 8 a in Friday 33 The mercury reached the high est point so far this spring when it touched Gl Thursday after noon YKAR AGO i Minimum Stages Celebration New York depositor found SoOCl on the floor of a bank returned it lo Ihe owner and re ceived a S50 reward He figured a celebration was in order The feslivilics were barely over when he found himself in charged with assault dangerous driving driving while intoxicated and passing a red light And there was nothing left ol Ihe S50 Overtakes Streetcaron She Left Purse Los Angeles liuilean Ijon lon stepped off a streetcar and found she had left her purse on il She signalled a motorist who her a lift and overlook the lead to one of deadlocks from which darkhorses spring gallop ing This hope Mich who has been saying that the republicans ought to nominate Gen Douglas MacArlluir The southwest Pacific commander Vanderberg contends is the only man who successfully could op pose President Roosevelt on what promises to be one of the major campaign issues the dem ocratic argument against electing an inexperienced mrm as Com manderinchief j But the quick surge to Dcwes appeared likely to scuttle rm sue movement There was sunn doubt in various slates where tin Willkie delegates would go bu the professional republican mi nority in Ihe south seemed primei She retrieved her purse then remembered Shed left her fur coat in strangers car SI PLANT WILL CLOSE New York corn indus to board the New York governor bandwagon the i Gov John W Bricker of Ohio generally has been credited with strength in the south largely on the assumption that his friend Senator Taft ROhio could dc by capturing important defense strongpoints including the forti fied town of Skala itself The Russian communique an nounced the capture of huge slocks of war booty in the Skala fight ing including 21 transport planes The planes apparently had been held in readiness to fly high mili tary personnel from the encircled rca after delivering supplies to c trapped forces Three hundred miles southeast f Tarnopol Gen Roclion Y Ma novskys 3rd Ukrainian army truck toward Odessa in a 15mile rive from captured Hazdclnaya vhich brought it to a point 23 niles northwest of the Black Sea ort posing a new threat to that azihclcl bastion Malinovskys drive a brilliant tanking movement that apparcnt y caught the enemy by surprise drew closer the red army ring bc ng forged around the beleaguered nort already threatened from the north and northeast Inside the rapidly constricting arc harassed Germans and Ru manian troops were being herded closer to the shores of the Black Seu and their last remaining cs pc corridor across tlic Dniester estuary 20 miles southwest ol Odessa The drive from Razdelnaya im portant rail junction 33 miles above Odessa which fell lo the Russians Wednesday smashed a dustrics research foundation re ported Friday that the Pcnick and ford plant at Cedar Rapids Iowa DIES FUOM INJURIES j would close this weekend unless Oskaloosa Groencn corn supplies were found boom 4C New Sharon farmer died in a hospital Thurs1 Buy War bavings Ijoiids and day night of injuries suffered in a j Stamps from your IractordiFC accident 1 carrier hoy EDITORS follow IK dispatch telling how 2 Ameri can soldiers not quite a tunnel leading from the Anzio beachhead to Rome was written by Pfc Mclvin Diamond of Bronx N Y and is carried by arrangement with the war depart ment f Teacher Is Asked to Recommend Steno Dallas Tex Dallas firm asked a high school teacher of typing to recommend a stenog rapher How much money the teach er asked Oh she can start at month Teacher took the job 2 Yanks Tunnel Leading to Rome By PFC MELVIN DIAMOND With 5th Army Italy April 7 all started when an old Italian walked into the AMG of fices in Anzio and announced he was the citys engineer and posses sed all the maps of its under ground tunnels and passageways According to ancient legend he said there were 2 underground routes from the beachhead into Rome Whits more he where the entrance of one was That was all the AMG wanted o know They called 1st Lt Wil red Schaplow combat engineer whose home is at Olivia Minn and asked how hed like lo in vade Rome all by himself They senl the old man down lo see him and lold him to wire back when lie reached Vatican City The lieulenanl and Ihe old man hit it off swell from the start The old Neopolitan lold Schaplow about Nero and his castle horse chariot and private tunnel to Rome Nero had a castle right on the beach but spent so much time commuting to Rome he decided to have a private underground high way Since you couldnt pull Ihe top down over a chariot in sun ny Italy and with labor peddling at slave rates the project was both plausible and economically feas ible Schaplow got all hopped up The Chinese built the great he said and Cheops had his pyr amid Rome isnt 25 miles away as the dirt flics A lot of hunrgy ditch diggers could have dug lhat tunnel in 2 years flat Even if it doesnt go to Rome but just behind the Ger man lines think of the possibili demolition con fusion in the enemy ranks This could be the secret weapon of the war The old man led him lo the en trance but it was insurmountably blocked by debris from shells and bombs Instead of trying to blast his way in Schaplow took a com pass reading and following the direction About 500 yards inland they came upon a well which Ihe old for years said hadnt been used I beach j The Gth day the old man drop ped out from cxtmuston The A warm breeze came out ol it The lieutenant thought a moment Warm breezes dont come out of he said The old man lit 31I1U VIW agreed So the lieutenant went dupcr Rul on soldiers kept on goggleeyed dc lermlncd to crawl out somewhere and give Kessclring a super down 40 feel by rope What he saw made him raise his eyebrows There was only 3 feet of water but there were 2 4foot holes on cither side of the well Murky water dribbled slowly in one side and out the other But on the Bin day after pene trating an estimated ii miles the hopes and expectations of both men crashed into a rocky deadend and exploded They ran into a wall lhal turned out to be sunken basement of a small liver some of the 1910 southern Taft following to him Bricker i told a press conference Thursday 1 that he hoped a share of Willkic strength would migrate his way but there were no outward indi cations of such a trend Senator Nyc IJS Dak meanwhile declared il was un rarlunatc that Willkic had sought to place responsibility for the success of Governor Dcwcy in i Ihe Wisconsin elccliou al the door of organizations such ns Ihc America First committee Mr Willkic thereby contrib utes to the continuing propagan against socalled isolation ism Nye said in a statement Such propaganda would Iry to discredit the republican party label it as an instrument intend ing to avoid American coopera tion with the world vacant stone building Stairs led That was the start For the next up and outside for miles around a clays with the assistance ol a I was a wide sweeping nrci sergeant they probed Ihc secret I marsh farmland passageway The lieutenants en thusiasm never faltered They used TNT to blow out obstruc BUSINESS SCHOOL DROP lions and spent considerable lime tracing J tributaries that led them out at innocuous points on the Dcs Monies W Baxan dall an advertising director of of Oshkosh Wis said at a confcr ence of the Central Commcrciii There were deep embankments Teachers association Thursday on all sides of Ihc building and that enrollment in the nation a the water drained into the business schools last Scptcmbei was only 50 per cent of that lit September 1041 and is even less now incut The tunnel to Rome was an aqueduct WHERE RED ARMY CLOSES IN ON arrows indicate advance of Russian troops lo Baden 32 miles above Odessa while on the cast and northeast red forces have taken Slariyc Belyary and Kubanka Stalioii 18 and 14 miles from the port respectively according to an announcemcnl from Mos cow Open arrow shows whcrr Germans arc flccinK across thr Dniester rstuary into lower Bessarabia ;