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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 7, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME H A ft i 0 l f HIST WE OEPT OF 0 E S i r 1 A COUP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY BRIGHT SPOT VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUU LEASED WLHES FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 7 1941 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 152 NAZIS CLAIM 18 MILE GAINS Ammam to Strategic Serb Points Greeks Halt Thrusts Nazis Attempting to Nazi Machines Face Rocky Road Peruvians Seen as Good U S Friends EDITORS NOTE Thisis auutlier of a scries of articles written by IV Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for In ternational Peace Number 21 By EAUL HALL ABOARD THE S S SANTA LUCIA L E A V 1 N G CALLAO HARBOR depart from Perus capital city with a well developed impression that here is one South American nation can be listed as definitely friendly toward the United States Its an im pression not an o p i n i o n please under stand I realize that my stay here has been so limited and 11 y observa tions so fleeting that it would be i mp os sible to form a studied opinion backed up with sup porting facts I it w e r e United States v o r s u s either Germany or Italy yes or Japan 1 fee quite sure that ninetenths of Peruvian popular opinion would be on Uncle Sams side If it were United States versus Great Brit thats something else Peru has a multiple party sys tem but in practical effect its the forces in power against those out of power The present president is Manuel Prado a scholarly gentle man with a personal inclination toward to the left of center theyd say down here X But in order to gain election Prado and his liberal party hatl to join hands with the commu nists at the extreme left ana the conservatives called democratic revolutionary at the extreme right In other words its a loosely knit coalition CLAIM TRAFFIC IN JUGOSLAVIA IS DISRUPTED Germans Say Belgrade and Many Other Cities Hammered in Luftwaffe BY THE ASSOCIATED PKESS B E U L I N whole transport and cotmminica r lion system has been fatally diej rupted by the swiit blows of the lultwaffe DNB official German news agency said Monday I iclureci here is one of the connecting links of the main line of the BelgradeSalonika railway in dlativc of the mountainous terrain tlie invading German troops must pass llirouirli in their idvanVe on the allimportant Greek port of Salonika chief goal of the naii Balkan bliUkHe nuance SWINE PRICES SOAR SHARPLY EARL HALL Superior Manpower Is Pitted Against Superior Equipment as Balkans Battle Is Opened By T T MASON United Press War Expert Hitlers war of aggression against Jugoslavia and Greece is a conflict in its present opening phiise of superior Jugo slav Greek and Briiih manpower against superior German cciuip he war in Europe This upturn 5 Main Sectors BERN SWITZERLAND Advices reaching hero Tuesday night said that German forces had not captured any strategic points at Ihe end of the second day of the smashes on a 750mile iront into Greece and Jugoslavia The nazis heaviest blows ap parently were Inchdivebomber raids on cities railway centers airports and bridges even while the allies carried the expanded war to Italy on the Albanian front But the Jugoslav was busy and wa raided longestablished nai and land bases in llungiirv Jugoslavias mania and Bulgaria The only di Push Way Forward in Struma Valley ly TIIK ASSOCIATED PRESS i Creek troops wove reported to have withstood violent new said toChave af ultf JIoiutiiy fl1 the second day of Adolf Hitlers invasion Besides Belgrade which has been raided four times the luftwaffe hammered Sarajevo Zagreb Moslar Ljubljana Kumbar and Pudgorica Ger mans said The latest official report from the iront said German troops were steadily advancing along the Ju goslav and Greek fronts Opposition in fortified places was overcome by sharp attacks1 this report said Beyond starting that the Ger man army was already to 40 kilometers about 18 to 25 miles on Jugoslav soil Germans stuck to brief high command communi ques issued from time to time On the southeast front the at tack is proceeding on schedule I against stubborn resistance the war bulletin said Strong units of the air force are supporting the advacne of the reel word from lusoslavin whose nunications are disrupted was that her artillery hat opened a violent banaye on the Albanian frontier As far as could be learned the German drive was concentrated in live main sectors along the front from the Aegean sea to fciumc 1 Toward Ljubljana and Lag Ieb in Slovenia 2 Toward Belgrade from tiie Hungarian Irontier near Subolica i Toward the vital rail center is from the Bulgarian fron tiic Vardar valley S Toward Greeces Struma valley defense line from southern Bulgaria forced In use cautious tactics be cause of the specially difficult mountain terrain The largest estimate of the where field operations nrc less difficult than in the mountains Such a movement would be aimed striking force ofllieGcrmans on I thle Belgrade and all Jugoslav and Greek fronts is of Danube river approximately 500000 men A conservative estimate or the op posing armies should give the Jugoslavs GOuOOO men in immedi ate battle ar a r r a y the Greek s ex cluding those i n A 1 b a n i a j and the British possibly 100000 either in Greece or en route making a total of 1000 000 The Germans have large rc serves but they are fighting on Normally that should MASON the offensive require a and the principal Jugoslav rail way system Instead the heaviest German attack seems to be concentrated at the other end of the battle front in the Struma valley leading from Bulgaria into eastern Greece That is the area which was to be pene trated if Jugoslavia had remained a member of the triple alliance and is the nearest approach to the presumed British positions in Greece The Germans thus arc carrying superiority of two or three to one j Jugoslavia and it may interfere provided but it is apparent that the Ger with strictly real Hie strateuy mans are uunling on their Ian excess of instruments and muni tions to counteract their deficit in men II their calculation fails they may taste some of the bitter ness that has fallen to the Italians in Albania The German plan of cam paign as indicated by intial movements is to terrorize the population by bombing civilians such as the attack on Ihe open city of Belgrade Hitler appar cntly has ordered that the Gcr I man army develop ils heaviest i opening offensive in areas 5 where the British presumably arc assembled Tlie more natural initial phase of the German campaign might have been expected to open in the plains of northeast Jugoslavia The opposition not regarded incidentally is provic by the Apia party a name made up of the initials of the organiza tion behind it Alianza Popular RevolutiotKirca Americana Its ad herents arc known as apristas In philosophy the Apra party rather closely simulates the so cialist party cf United States al though its leaders are very much more actively aggressive than i mildmannered Norman Thomas Victor Haul Ilaya dc la Torre is head man of the apristas i A central plank in the Apra j platform calls for a nationalizing 1 of industry and an expulsion of foreign interests Until recent months this has been regarded as openly antagonistic io the United States but now as Scnor Haya assured one member of our pirty in a secret interview late last niglU the apristas arc friendly toward both United States and Britain Tlie government has pursued n vigorous course against the apris tas Bloodshed has been Irequent Numerous leaders have been banished Haya probably now be in exile except for the fear that it would martyrize him About a week ago a prominent Instead he ts under close police member of the Apra party won surveillance and barred from j a handsome prize for a novel appearing in public written in world competition 1 The important unions called j learned about it from one of his syndicates here arc divided in friends but the people of Lima thenpolitical leanings The transi dont know about it The news portation workers arc communis item has not been because tic textile workers are apristalof the fear that it would be sic prmtcrs arc split I copied as an unfriendly act to i ward the government j Thai looks to me like govcrn I ment censorship1 1 observed to j my friend 1 No he replied Its what I would call voluntary censorship with the consent of the govern ment And for a Peruvian not fa miliar with all the liner shadings 1 of our tongue 1 thought that was some quite picturesque language out their original plan of cam paign drawn up when it was be lieved the fuehrer had overawed the Jugoslavs into doing his wish Hitlers special rage against the British was shown in the Ger man proclamation of war against CHICAGO Mf Hog prices skyrocketed 50 to 75 cents a hundredweight Monday to an early top of S910 highest since ul llls September 1938 at the outbreak j almJ by reconnaissance attacks on This uoturn L rtm Jllcatis 01 i anspoi lation of the enemy Authorized sources explained that during a hlllzkricjr little is said the first day or two They asn warned that the same mir acles of the German army as in the French blitzkrieg should not necessarily be expected since the geography of Jugoslavia and Greece is such as to enable even poorly equipped hostile forces to hold up superior Germans tem porarily ol the Aegean kingdom while in Jugoslavia target ol twin thrust the Gurmnns claimed an advance of 18 lo 25 milei The direction of the German sulvaitcc into Jugoslavia was not given troops massed on the tlumaman frontier had within 60 tniles striking distance of Belgrade the Jugo slav capital f A then s dispatches said Greek infantrymen w ere holding fast amid furious at tacks in narrow Macedonian mountain passes littered with German dead and the wreck age of 10 iiazi tanks The Greek high com mand said he German Ialm Sunday invasion had been slopped with the loss of only a single fort NLRB ORDERS FORD ELECTION WASHINGTON na tional labor relations board Mon day ordered elections hold within 4fi days lo determine collective bargaining agents at tlie tord Mo tor companys River Rouge and Lincoln plants British Diplomats Will Leave Hunar LONDON The British ai brought the average price near the S9 mark which the gov ernment last week announced it would iry to maintain to stimu late hog production PUICES GAIN SHARPLY AT IOWA MARKETS DES MO1NES ifi Iowa hog prices were up 25 to 35 cents Monday and receipts were small aa farmers awaited developments in connection with the govern ments price pegging program of SO for hogs Chicago basis an nounced last week Receipts at buying yards and packing plants in Iowa and southern Minnesota were estimated at 14300 head compared with 36000 a week ago Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Occasioinl tight rains Monday night ami Tues day Tempera iiu cs above ficcz Prensa is ultraconservative while El Universal is accepted as the Prado administrations official mouthpiece BULLETINS DES MOIXKS OT fienrc senlalivc Herman M Knmison R Mason City Monday as sailed the Iowa senates ccn Kressional rcdistrictine plan as a political swindle Address ins the Iowa house on the measure Knudson declared the plan was drawn up by politi cal dopcstcrs and by embryo candidates for congress who want lo build a fcncr around certain areas in this slatr LONDON UR railin An kara rrntirted Monday niijlit lhat Jugoslav troops have launched an attack against Ital ian forces in Alliinia y x PITTSBURGH The threat of a work stoppage Tues day niffhl in the mills of the U S Steel corporation passed Monday when an agreement was reached eMcndinff the cur rent wage negotiations between the union and the management IGVVA Cloudy with nicasionil light rain Monday night and cast and central Tuesday some what collier extreme west Mon day night MINNESOTA Cloudy with oc casional light rain Monday night and Tuesday not much change in temperature IN MASON CITY j GlobcGaxcttc weather statistics Maximum Sunday Minimum Sunday night V2 At R i m Monday i YKAft AGO Maximum Minimum Pi ccipital ion figure Sn Sunday i Maximum Saturday JR j Minimum Saturday night 42 j At 8 a m Sunday i8 i Hain trace EASTER SUNDAY April 13 with Britain were reported downed destroyed or damaged against seven German losses The high command gave these reports of action on Germanys two main fronts Southeast Belgrade airraided four times Sunday fortifications and other warvital objectives in the Jugo slav capital repeatedly attacked airports of central and southern effectively bombed and attacked with the Belgrade main rail station a pontoon bridge cast of the city and several transport trains hit Aayainst Britain i I 1 D A total or 13 ships or about w 1 JugoslavKuss Fact 000 tons destroyed by air attack and an additional 14 merchant men damaged between April 4 and this morning In Libya the communique They were careful to impress however that all these factors had been calculated by the German general staff and therefore even temporary delays could not change the final outcome A total of 104 planes six of them on old aerial battlegrounds fast German and Jta also said linn units threw back the enemy rear guards to the northeast and southwest of Bengasi and effec tively warded off a counterthrust of enemy armored units Wo bagged alarge number of weap ons and motor vehicles and took numerous prisoners overnment hasdecided lo with draw its diplomatic mission from Hungary Reuters British news agency reported Monday night The decision was rcaclictl accord ing to the agencys diplomatic correipondent because Hungary has become a base for opera tions against the allies Encouraging Hull W A S II I N G T O iV W The friendship and non aggression pact which Russia and Jugoslavia signed before Germanys ii vasion of the Balkan nation was termed encouraging Monday by Secretary Hull Hull told his press conference at the same time that American envoys in the Balkans still were cut off from communi cation with the state department How Blitzkrieg Began in Balkans Newspapers in oriter to pros per must not be too unfriendly toward the government La Commercia whirh lievotcd a half page uith pictures to our parly today tlie leading napcr ami is quite friendly to waril Uncle Sam despite ils former fascist inclinations Ia Grnnica is distinguished by its proEnglish background La Senate Tables Bill for Truck Law Changes DES MOINES a deter mined drive toward final adjourn ment the Iowa senate Monday clamped the lid down on virtually all chances lor revised truck leg islation so Tar as this session is concerned The chamber voted 2o U 18 to table S K 390 whiiv would have provided an optional tonmile or compensation lv tor trucks and track tractors weigh ing over four tons Bl ACK AREA OF ALBANIA OCCUPIED srGRKK FORCES ivv Arrows m tlm map show the Mmultaiicous four pronsed attack hv Germany on luoslavii iml Greece lannched from Germany Hungry Rumania S and UulKar a T oiff the Gccia port of Salonika appeared the chief Eoal of the German attack Ihe first major battcohr now II1 Stefani the official Italian news agency suicl Premier Mussolinis fascist armies in Albania had frustrated an at tempt by Greek troops to make contact with Jugoslav forces in two clays of bitter fi ght ing Stelnni reported that Ibe Tlal ians liad virtually wiped out a Greek division uf three regi ments The German onslaught against Greece centered on the narrow Koryetrapped Struma river val i Icy 111 Macedonia i Aullioriveil quarters in Uerlin admitted Hie precipitous terrain in both Greece ami southern Funoslavia might enable poorly forces lo hold up su perior German contingents temporarily These ciuarters warned that the same miracles of the German army in the blitzkrieg against France last summer should not necessarily be expected in the new Balkan conflict Athens reports said fierce air battles over the fighting ground troops Monday had cost the Ger mans at least 11 planes It was also said that an irregular band of Bulgarians had joined in the battle Monday morning against thr Greeks but had been captured DNB German news agency as serted that lugoslaviVs whole transport ud communications system had been fatally dis rupted by warplancf Kcnorls from Turkey saiit from 12 In German divisions 180000 lo 225000 troops slashing into Jugoslavia toward the Croatian capital of Zagreb from the old Austrian border miles north Three nazi divisions Mo 000 men were said to be striking from Rumania toward Belgrade ihrcc other divisions driving from Bulgaria toward the strategic 1 Vardjir river valley in southern Jugoslavia key route to Greece and other divisions slashing from toward 65 miles northwest of Sofia i Dispatchc from Bern SwiU ci 1incl said the Bulgarian army of ridliono was understood to have joined thr Germans in tile assault nn Greece and iatcr reports from Bern Sunday said the Germans j acknowledged tough resistance in the Strum valley in their drive into Greece The German blow evidently aimed at the vital Greek port of Salonika fell at a m Sun day as German troops who had occupied Bulgaria weeks ago j drove across the border and down j the Strumn Spurred on by the of their king and war commander tlie Greek people nowstanding against the might of both Ger many and Italy defiantly cried They shall not pass Iirst notification of the German attack cmc to Athenians on a iuiil Sunday morninR through handwritten posters pasted on buildings Sceneof itliuiasni which fol lowed ucaUcd those which oc cuivrti at Ihe beginning of the GreekItalian conflict List October Athens had ils ccond air raid arm Monday since Sunday mom ;