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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 7, 1939, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME M L f i H I S r MEM A A 3 T Dof r of i o wA coMP 01 S M 0 J N S I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT VOL XLV FIVE CENTS A COPY MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 7 1939 THIS PAPER CONSISTS or TWO SECTIONS NO 154 ALBANIA INVADED BY ITALY Andrews Could Ease Wage Law Slightly pow er behind those Mary Norton pro posals to ease up on the wage hour law slightly The inspiration if not the ac tual textual amendments came from Wage Hour Administrator Andrews In an unreported ex ecutive session of Mrs Nor tons house la bor committee Mr A n d r ews said in effect We had bet ter make some coneessi ons now and con trol those con cessions rather Panl Malon than permit W an open assault on the act later and not be able to control what is done The amendments eventuated from a four day meeting between a staff of Andrews technicians and corotnitteemen The Norton committee session developed the fact but did not that one of Tommy CoiccoraiVs boys Calvin MaGruderj general counsel of the wagehour divisionhas been tying Andrews hiinds enforcement of the law Listening congressmen got the impression that Andrews would have been far more lenient had not his counsel issued legal decisions which left no leewav FARMS IN CITY SCHOOL AREAS ARE VOTED AID Republican Leadership in Senate Splits Wide Open in Debate DES MOINES leadership in the Iowa senate split wide open Briday over a bill to provide tax relief for farm land lying inside city school districts E P Donohue New Hamp ton majority floor leader vigor ously opposed the bill on economy Albanian Port Bom bed by Italy Defenders Unable to Resist Relentless Fascist War Machine End of Zog Rule in Small Nation Planned by Rome grounds The bill would set aside a year from the state geiierilfund to provide tax credits for owners of such land The plan would operate in the same manner as the homestead tax credit law of 1937 C B Hoeven Alton presi dent pro tern of the senate led the fight for the bill Get Into Personalities Im not surprised he declared to see the senator Donohue irom Chickasaw t rying to delay this bill Apparently he has no sense of justice equity or fail play dont think Donohue re torted that the milk of human kindness commenced to flow from the heart of the gentleman from Sioux Theres just as much human kindness in my hear conceded Lhe bill hac merit But 1 still vote my convic tions he continued Confiscation Is Charged say this to the members o One of the MaGruder rulings for instance bound Andrews to enforcement ot penalties upon em ployers found guilty of violating the law even if the employer is trying to live up to its spirit 3n practical application this bound Andrews from giving employers assurances in doubtful rases 6th Political Sense New Supreme Court Justice William Douglas now being stalked adroitly for the democratic presidential nomination has told an intimate friend I would never run lor a po litical office I just havent got that sixth political sense Men have changed their minds about their political intuition but there are more convincing reasons why the Douglas movement is not generally taken very seriously here The supreme court is probably this to repub lican senators You are pledged to reduction in taxes Yesterday you voted for the Bangs disease bill carrying an appropriation of 000 In a couple of days you wil be confronted with the situatioi of voting an extra for old age pensions Hoeven said owners of farm land adjacent to some cities are paying S4 SO and even S10 an acri in school taxes It has reached the point when it amounts to confiscation of prop erty he asserted The vote for the bill was 38 ti 6 One democrat and four republi cans joined Donohue to vot against it Senators voting no beside Donohue were Cromwell R Burlington Faul Des Moincs Martin Davenport Moor Walnut and Talbott R Brooklyn WOULD STOP PAY TO PLANNING BOAKD Tlie Easter weekend rcces United j o States from which to conduct presidential campaign A justice caught the Iowa house in the ac must maintain a judicial character which calls for complete divorce ment from political activity The high bench is likewise a difficult platform from which to build up a national reputation The late JusticeVlolmes made a dissenter but it took him 20 or 30 years Presidents have been nominat ed from the supreme court but not the planning board ou state government picture Under consideration was a bi to appropriate to pay plan ning board salaries and expense from March 1 to April 10 with th understanding that board cm ployes should expect no paychecks from the state treasury thereafter Chairman O N Hullman Stanton of the house appropria tions committee later said th forthcoming appropriations bi makes no provision for support by direct compaigning only by m a lanning unit a Charging the planning boar trolling bloc within their political withP the c o party The best if not the only chance for Douglas would devel op if the next democratic conven tion got into such a stalemate as to invite him to step down and become the candidate The possibility is too remote to be a lactor at present Hopkins Home State What Harry Hopkins is up to in sending his young daughter to Iowa has the politicos battled Hopkins cannot get the delegation Agriculture Secretary Wallace might get it for a few ballots but control there rests with Senator Clyde Herring more than anyone else The commerce secretary might want an Iowa residence to run for the vice presidency with FDR on a third term ticket He could not be wanting to run for the senate because he could do that much easier from New York Only explanation that makes sense is that Hopkins just longs to see the tall corn which he last saw from his crib and wants to raise his daughter in the whole some Iowa atmosphere Capjrjfbt Kinf Features tnc Iowa Representative Leo Hoeg recalled what he said had been solemn promise jSvcn to the la legislature that state func would ever be asked for boar support The unit at that time wa operated under federal granU since withdrawn Jack Benny Declares Smuggling Fine Did Not Impair Future HOLLYWOOD Jac Benny radio and screen c median said Friday that h admitted guilt on federal smug gling charges should serve as dnrn good lesson to others bi that it had not affected his fi ture as a high paid entertainer Tired worn and unshaven upo his return from New York wher he pleaded guilty to smugglin and was fined S10000 Benn said he had walked into the o I ficc of his radio sponsor in New York and offered to cancel a con tract worth several thousand dol i lars a week j The offer was not accepted he iaid Friday bl ltal as Kalian forces moved into tlie liny naliqn Three Hours on Good Friday LAS VEGAS Nev entrances of the saloons and gambling house and saloon gambling halls which fin decades had never closed and had there fore never needed doors Some proprietors found upon investi eeper in this wideopen town ound tec nicaldifficulties Fri day in carrying out his own prom se to close doors for three jours in the first citywide ob servance o Good Friday There were no doors on their establishments The problem was being solved iy tlie stringing of rones across gation that they actually had doors but were without means of clos ing or locking them Only a few could be locked The most surprised citizens in iown were churchfolk who sev eral weeks ago rather mildly sug gested the closing KANSAS CITYS BOSS INDICTED Pendevgast Charged With Evasion of U S Income Taxes KANSAS CITY J Pendergast boss of Kansas Citys democratic organization and a power in Missouri politics was in dicted Friday by a federal grand jury on a charge of willfully knowingly unlawfully and felon iously attempting to evade and defeat the income tax law At the same time U S District Attorney Maurice M Miligan pronounced solved the distri bution of a mysterious fund which changed hands before the compromise of a state insur ance rate ease under which policy holders received only 20 per cent of some S9oOD000 impounded pre miums The indictment climaxing series of federal and state on Pendergasts political strong hold charged he received out of the settlement fund and failed to report it for income taxes Indicted with Pendergast was R E OMalley state insurance superintendent at the time the compromise was effected OMal ley was charged with evading payment of tax on Judge Merrill E Otis who re ceived the grand jurys report set bond of 510000 each return able April 24 REPERCUSSIONS FELT IN EUROPE Netherlands Cancels Leaves Yugoslovia Frontier Is Closed Italys conquest of Albania brought swift repercussions in jittery Europe The Netherlands canceled Eis ter leaves of her frontier Eiid coast defenst forces Yugoslavia closed her frontier with Albania Rumanian Foreign M i n i s t e r Grigore Gafencu left for Istanbul for an emergency conference Sat urday with the Turkish foreign minister In quarters close to the Ru manian government it was acknowledged that all foreign ministers of Balkan entente states Yugoslavia Greece NAZIS BACKING ITALY IN MOVE TO GET ALBANIA AngloPoiish Mutual Defense Agreement Denounced by Germans BERLIN Officials an nounced Friday Germany was backing Italy in Albania and would not understand it west ern democratic powers attempted to with Mussolinis ac tion This hands declaration followed press condemnation of the AngloPolish mutual defense agreement announced Thursday in London Germany lias complete under standing of il duces action and regards it as within the spirit of the 1927 ItaloAlbanian friend ship treaty one official said He referred to the treaty by which Italy previously established measure of protection over Al bania Cant Tolerate Unrest Italy naturally can not tol erate continued unrest so near to her shores and attacks upon Ital ian citizens he added The twoday conversations at Innsbruck between ColonelGen eral Wilhelm Keitel chief of the German high command and Gen Complications in Balkans Are Feared as Other Nations Watch By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Italian troops landed Friday in Albania and apparently already had imposed Italys will on the little Balkan kingdom after overcoming her handful of defenders Indications in Rome pointed to the end of King Zogs reign over Italys little neighbor wedged between Greece and Yugoslavia 45 miles across a neck of the Adriatic sea A wellinformed source in Tirana capital of Zogs rnoun tainous little realm said a delegation had gone to meet Italian pleaders to arrange cessation of the hostilities Italy which landed troops on the Albanian coast after Albanias parliament rejected an ultimatum was said to have received counterpro posals from Tirana Albanians Resist Italians swarmed ashore at four points on the Albanian coast under cover of warships FRED BIERMANN Writes Column Other Side in Politics EDITORIAL PAGE SITUATION AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS troops land in tiny Albania move toward in terior against slight resistance fascists accuse Albanian King Zog of misrule declare i and exchanged views on ie situation In Rome United States Ambas sador William Phillips called on Italian Foreign Minister Count Galeazzo Ciano to ask informa tion concerning the Italian moves against Albania North Iowa Churches Will Observe Easter PAGE 3 Dozen Rookies Look Like Major Caliber PAGE 9 3 Die After Going to Good Friday Services CAMDEN N J young man and two were killed on their way home from Good Friday services Friday Their car and a railroad train col lided The victims were Stanley J Guischard 21 Augusta Guischard 12 and her sister Jacqueline 15 Argentina Minister Extends Conciliatory Hand to Germany BUENOS AIRES Argentine foreign minister Jose Maria Cantilo extended a concil iatory hand to Germany Friday after the German government had registered a protest in the inves tigation of an alleged nazi plot to annex Patagonia Cantilo in an interview in the newspaper No ticias Graficas expressed the be lief no breach would result in Argentinas relations with Ger many Indicating Argentinas in Chamberlain Has Made Everyone Umbrella CHICAGO Simonson who has been an umbrella repair man for 42 years applied for his annual peddlers license and was reminded that last year he said he was going to retire I cant re tire now the 74 year old um brella man said Its that fellow in Hes made everybody umbrellacon scious Business is booming dersecretaty lerpreted here as having been concerned principally with whal joint action might be taken by armies of the axis powers in cnse Britain or any other nation tried to frustrate Hie Italian move against Albania The Innsbruck talks ended Thursday Pariani returned im mediately to Rome and reported to Premier Mussolini Poland Is Warned Adolf Hitlers newspaper Voel kischer Beobachter led the Ger man press in warning Poland of exposure to the fate of Czecho slovakia and Austria if she signed a defense treaty with Great Britain At the same lime Hitlers pa per said only two German wishes stood between Germany and Poland return of a small inclosed area and a free route io the German northeast By this apparently was meant the free city of Danzig in the Polish customs administration but nominally under league of nations protection and the right to con struct under German sovereignty a superhighway across the Po lish corridors to East Prussia and recently recovered Memelland Understanding Condemned Both the controlled press and the semiofficial DiplomatischPo litische Korrespondenz mouth piece of the foreign office con demned the BritishPolish under standing as a military alliance against Germany Government quarters received the results of London talks be tween Polands foreign minister Col Joseph Beck and British statesmen with deepest surprise and distrust 1 rooms enjoyed an Easter Thursday afternoon The party tcrest in maintaining friendly re iations with Germany Cantilo in EASTER PARTY HELD in the grade cited commercial transactions Hull F R Confer on Albania Invasion WASHINGTON Hull telephoned President Roose velt at Warm Springs Ga Friday and talked to him at great length on the situation created fay Italys invasion of Albania The tele phone call the second in 12 hours dealt with possible effects on re lations of the United States with both countries Italians repelled with heavy losses report valiant resistance an warplanes bombed Eiurazzb7air andnaval bom bardment set Valona afire gov ernment says Italy accepted counterproposals to rejected ultimatum moves to widen antiaggressor bloc by in cluding Hungary and Rumania officials see Italian act as blow to BritishItalian accord guar anteeing Mediterranean status quo back Italy tell western democracies Germany would not understand their interference warn Poland of danger in signing mutual de fense accord with Britain e 1 i a b I e Polish sources report Hungary ready to pledge aid to Poland against nazi aggression u g o s 1 a via Al banias neighbor keeps hands off but fears Balkan apple cart may be upset Bucharest Rumanian gov ernment agitated diplomatic circles fear complications fol lowing Italian coup legation strongly protests barbarous Italian action asks aid of all civilized nations keeps close watch unconfirmed report says Albanian Queen Geraldine fled to Greece with twodayold crown prince The Weather FORECAST IOWA Much cloudiness Fri day night and Saturday not quite so cold in central and cast portions Friday night MINNESOTA More or less cloudiness Friday niffht and Sat urday continued cold IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather slatis ichool and grade school closed 1 Thursday for Good Friday tics Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday At S a m Friday which Germany lias arranged to Snow take large amounts of Argentine j YEAR AGO wheat and wool in exchange for Maximum railroad equipment Minimum 3Z 19 31 trace WHITE ORCHIDS When on ambitious girf married at 19 rebels against poverty When a proud husband re fuses to let his wife work for a living What Happens Follow the GlobeGazettes new serial story WHITE ORCHIDS By Marie Blizard ITALIANS GIVE REASON FOR ACT Declare Albanians Hostile to Closer Alliance With II Duce R O M E ff Italian troops landed at four points along the Albanian coast at dawn Friday ostensibly because of Albanian hostility to negotiation of a closer alliance with Italy The Italian government said the Albanians made their only re sistance at Durazzo seaport near the capital Tirana but that it was immediately broken Italian troops landed at Santi Quaranta near the Greek fron tier at Valona on Ihe southern coast at Durazzo along the cen tral coast near Tirana and at San Giovanni di Medua on the north ern coast near the Yugoslav fron tier There was no resistance wor thy of particular notice except at Durazzo where attempted resis tance by bands was immediately broken From Durazzo our troops started the march toward the in ferior the government said Virginio Gayda authoritative fascist editor declared Albanian patiiots had called for Italys in tervention to end misrule by King ZOK and bombing planes Accord ing to reports they pro againstonlyyv sllghfresistance Albanian advices however re ported heroiLopposition and said Italians had been driven back four times from the coast with heavy losses They reported repeated air at tacks on Durazzo and said Valoni another seaport was burning af ter sea and air bombardment HO Albanians Killed It was reported that 140 Alba mans had been killed and several hundred wounded up to 4 p m 9 a m CST with 25 Italians lulled and GO wounded The ma jority of Albanian casualties were described as having occurred among the socalled Albanian minute men who took out old rifles and joined armed bands at tempting resistance The minute men were en gaged in sniping from trees and roof tops especially around Du razzo Alarmed by Complications The Italian charge daffaires in London was understood to have given Viscount Halifax British foreign secretary assurances that the Italian occupation of Albania was only temporary Alarm over possible complica tions of the Italian coup spread in the Balkans Europes historic tinder Yugoslavia Al banias neighbor to the north kept her hands off but feared the Bal kan apple cart might be upsel Informed quarters in Athens said Greece Albanias southern neigh bor was keeping close watch The Rumanian government gave evi dence of anxiety Pact Clause Broken Unconfirmed reports in Athens said Queen Geraldine of Albania who Wednesday bore a crown prince for Zogs endangered throne had fled for safety across the Greek frontier presumably with her twoday old son Aerial bombardment shells from fascist warships and machine gun bullets of the crack Bersag lieri grenadiers marked the Italian offensive Severe fighting took place in the Albania coastal towns of Durazzo Santi Quaranta Ales sio San Giovanni de Mcdua and Valona At Rome Italians announced occupation of Santi Quaranta Va lona Durazzo and San Giovanni Fighting men famed in history as Sons of the Eagle rushed from fields and workshops to re pulse the first four Italian attacks at the Adriatic port of Durazzo King Zog in a radio proclama tion that brought peasants and mountaineers hurrying to the front with their rifles called upon his people to defend their inde pendence to the end Parts of Cilics Destroyed Tlie fighting along the coast was described in official messages as so severe that parts of Durazzo and Valona were destroyed and the town of Alesiio in the north was by Italian aerial bombardment Gayda attacked Zog as a despot j The diplomatic correspondent ot 30 Storting on he comic paqe of d for his the Press association British news 24 this usc Itallan cans to the agency which ollen reflects Bvit 1 mis issue I Albanian government lisli government views declared ;