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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 5, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Of HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DES UOTNCS I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires tFive Cents a Copy MASON CITV IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 5 1945 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 153 DENOUNCES JAP PACT INSIDE WASHINGTON Wallace Now Adds Flying to Other Accomplishments Central Press Capital Stair A laces confirmation as secretary of commerce apparently has done little to convince him that he should keep his feet on the ground The former vice president and secretary of agriculture w h o wields amean boomerang is ac quiring a new is learning to fly Citizen Wallace who is taking his lessons from a civil aeronau tics Instructor handled the dual controlled trainer by himself from the very first lesson His perform ance in the initial flight was re corded as perfectly normal Indications were that the sec retary was fully aware of the lim itations of his small craft and would epress any inclination to explore the stratosphere Third Army Pushes 132 Miles From Berlin Rangoon vital Japaneseheld port in Burma appears to be shaping up as one of the chief targets on the list for Americas huge B29 Superfortresses The great port which serves as a vital storing base for the Japa nese forces is now being attacked by Indiabased bombers on the average of once a week and indi cations are that the attacks will increase Congress is set to find out where the food supply has gone and why the nations dining room tables are meatless Somethingof a race has devel oped between the house and sen ate to see who is going to start asking questions first At the mo ment the senate is ahead for it a has namedits investigating com mittee while the house still has Y the by naming acommittee Atany rate lawmakers will soon be learning themselves something of the marketing trou NAZIS RETREAT TOWARD ELBE LAST BARRIER Allied Armies Drive for Hannover as Germans Evacuate City Paris third army ad vanced to within 132 miles of Ber lin Thursday in the Schlotheim area while other allies closed up to the Weser river on a wide front 23 miles from Hannover TheGer mans were retreating Pellmell to ward the Elbe which flows with in 50 miles of the capital Li Gen George S Pattons sixth armored division captured the ancient Thuringian town ol Muelhausen 36000 and then moved eight miles northeast to the Schlotheim area closest approach to Berlin The Germans appeared to bt evacuating Hannover At Schlotheim the third army was 72 miles from Leipzig and 17 miles from Russian siege lines and within 17 of the great German supply center of Nordhausen fre quently b9mbed in recent days Ten small arms factories were captured in third army gain along a 100mile front One col unm reached iUuehlberg seven bles their wives about too long have known miles southeast of Gotha in drive toward Czechoslovak which would sever Germany Considerable enemy traffic wa Paradoxically American B29 bombings of Japan are causing great concern to Washington of ficials Military and state department authorities are glad that the B29 raids are successful BUT they are gravely worried over the possible fate of thousands of Americans captured in the Pacific after Fearl Harbor and interned Ja pan By the strange quirk of the Jap anese mind that permits the wholesale slaughter of prisoners there is a basis for widespread concern that the Superfortress raids on Tokyo and Nagoya might provoke the enemy to take drastic reprisals against captured Ameri cans Military observers point out that some 150 American prisoners of the Japanese about to be liber ated by American forces were herded into a cellar drenched with gasoline and set on fire Three men escaped Mindful of the measures of des peration taken by the Japanese in the past military sources fear for the lives of many highranking army and marine officers captured in the Philippines and at Wake island toward border At Harheln the 9th army within 158 miles of Berlin and 5 of the aircraft center of Bruns wick The 3rd army was less tha 140 from Berlin The British fought into th western outskirts of 90 j miles southwest of Hamburg and 47 south the naval base ot Bremen They had made another breakthrough and swept 25 miles past Osnabruefck in a single day to reach the Weser the next to last river before Berlin Only the Elbe lies between the Weserand Berlin Large cities toppled more were on the verge of capture Seized late Wednesday were Kassel Gotha Suhl Hengclo 40000 and Waltrop The 9th army sending 4 of its infantry divisions into a side campaign to crush in the northern side of the Ruhr box where up to 150000 nazis and perhaps Field Marshal Albert Kesselring are trapped fought into Soest and battled the last defenders of Hamm They moved a bare 5 miles from Dortmund 537000 on 2 sides j The last Germans were FOLLOW THE string of cars followed the snow plow of the highway commission into Mason City from Clear Lake Wednesday evening at 6 oclock All day long the plow had battled wet heavy snow between Mason City and the lake and succeeded in clearing Highway 18 MOST HIGHWAYS1 PARTLY CLEARED Driving Still Rough After Heavy Storm A few blockades on the main highways remained Thursday as obstacles for the highway com missions plows to battle against in clearing up the worst spring snow storm en countered in North loiwa in many years Most of these highways were open to one way traffic but driv ing conditions are rough accord ing to the report of the commis sion Graveled roaas are still block aded because they arc too soft cne underneath for the heavy eamp mined to ment and the light equipment nabaru ajrtie used for snow removal is not heavy enough to move the large amount of heavy wet snow that i fell for one way traffic This string of drivers followed in the wake of the plow assured no one would argue with them about the one way lane The picture was taken at the city limits near the VFW clubhouse where a huge drift had discouraged drivers from leaving Mason City Lock photo Report Yonks Fighting Main Jap Forces on Okinawa Only 4 Miles North of Capital Guam dispatches said Thursday that the 10th army was coming up against the main Japanese forces on Okinawa in a mounting battle only a little more than 4 miles north Naha the is lands capital Several enemy lines of ance overrun in advances of 500 to 1500 yards down the mileTw d e isthmus separating nawa Wednesdaybutthe growing opposition indicated that major defense positions lay just ahead For the first time since the in vasion Sunday heavy Japanese artillery and mortar fire was screaming into the American front lines The enemy appeared deter and Yo tion planes reported enemy con centrations ahead Maj Gen Roy S Geiger com marider of the corps said his forces were the woods We are in a position to ma neuver now he said and so far this operation is turning out to be a damned good maneuver The weather finally turned against the invasion armada after 3 perfect days during which J nabaru airfields both within a everythmff rora h tanks to mile and a half to 2 mlcs of the Krations were unloaded Tcm The highway commission was still working on one large block ade south ot Mason City but ex pected to have this cleared Thurs day Although telephone communi cation to the east was out of or der the local highway engineers believed the roads were open to travel Highways 18 and 9 were reported open through Kossuth county as well as Cerro Gordo and counties to the east Ivancing Americans The veteran 32nd regiment of the 7th division on the eastern end of the line above Naha smashed the first organized resistance of the campaign Wedensday with the capture of a ridge above Ishado on Nakagusuku bay naval anchorage The ridge was described as a strong outpost defended by mor tars machineguns and some ar tillery The I84th regiment meantime was attacking a Japanese pocket estimated at company Some military quarters believe that Gen Douglas MacArthur may be called to Washington soon to present his views on future grand strategy for the final drive against Japan being beaten out of Wuerzbursr 108617 and Heilbronn 60000 by the 1th army which fought less than 34 miles from Nuernberg The French fought beyond cap lured Karlsruhe to within 20 miles of Stuttgart The 3rd army mopped up many bypassed pockets and cities left behind in its advances to within 58 miles of CzechoSlovakia and 160 miles of Russian lines The cities of Eisenach 45000 and Mulhausen were entered The The Mason City Motor Coach possibly 200 the west company reported its buses were coast Flamethrowing tanks were making all runs including Cen spearheading the attack tral Heights for which a special bus is being used since this loop is in bat condition Although traffic is moving over the road it is still rough and unplowcd Wednesday nights low temper The army advances on the southern front coupled with a marine push to the north deep in to the narrow isthmus between southern and central Okinawa gave the Americans control of 80 Americas great leader in the I third army captured 16454 pris icific who has fulfilled his oners Wcdncsdav In he nast 2 Pa promise to reconquer the Philip pines has not been in the United States since before the start of World war n With MacArthur prominently mentioned as supreme comman der for the drive on Tokyo he oners Wednesday In the past 2 weeks supreme headquarters said 280000 nazis have surrendered The British 52nd lowland di vision Fought heavily to clear the change in the condition of softl roads but with it added the danI gers of ice and extreme rough t land only 330 miles southwest of Japan The campaign already was peratures dropped as much as 15 degrees and a solid gray overcasi settled over the entire area Surf conditions became worse and the seas were choppy threat ening to disrupt the landing o supplies Pontoon causeways al ready had been established on the landing beaches MAGNIDER IN HILL BATTLE Troops Clearing Japs From Bicol Peninsula RUSSIANS POUR ACROSSDANUBE TOWARD VIENNA Germans Report Reds Already Battling in Main Part of City London Russians fought into Greater Vienna th Germans reported Thursday an Moscow dispatches said Russia forces were pouring over the Dan ube between captured and the Austrian capital to join i the assault The Russians were battling encircle the capital of Austria which Hitler incorporated into Germany in 1938 While some forces fought to draw lines to the northeast of the capital others battled to cross the maze of rivers ACCUSE TOKYO OF HELPING IN GERMAN WAR No Indication of Moscow Intentions in Future Jap Relations London Iff Soviet Russia Thursday denounced its neutrality pact with Japan accusing Tokyo of helping Germany to war against Russia The Moscow radio announced Russian Action May Mean Shortening of War in Pacific Area Washington de unciation of her neutrality pact Japan was hailed by observ rs here as meaning that she will Itimalely join the allies in war ainst the island empire The respective Russian participation night shorten the Pacific war When the Russian participation ill begin remains to be seen Un er terms of the pact it will re main in force until April 25 1946 Cornered Japan might however rovoke hostilities before that datc islav Molotov had informed the This possibility was based on Japanese ambassador that contin hese facts I uance of the compact was inipos that Foretell Commissar Vyache 1 Japans home islands ure now lirectly threatened and are high y vulnerable 2 She may be expected to make a last stand fight from northern hina and Manchuria 3 To secure these areas she might well try to seize flankine areas of Siberia with the strong orces she has built up on the con inent 4 As she proved at Penrl Har oor Japan believes in the mili tary wisdom of seizing the initia sihlc since Japan was fighting against Russias allies the United Stales and Great Britain in such a situation the pact of neutrality between Japan and the U S S R has lost its meaning Molotov said The note was handed the Japa nese ambassador at 3 p m Thurs day in the midst of a new Japa nese cabinet crisis The pact was signed tu April laH and whether Russia would denounce it before the opening tive without respect for diplomatic j the world security conference at niceties San Francisco April 25 had been On the other hand the Rusi a subject of speculation sian far eastern forces also are j The soviet note emphasized at strong and Japan may not outset that the pact of neu to tempt trouble with them llralily between the soviet union News of the USSRs action was and Japan was concluded on April received happily here Speculation 113 is before the attack immediately arose that Russias by Germany on the V S S K and denunciation of the treaty may before the outbreak of war be have contributed to the downfall of Premier Koisos cabinet The new development was well timed from this countrys view point Contrary to popular belie at the time U S military au thorities did not especially want Russia to go to war against Japan in the months after Pearl Harbor The armychair strategists the ory then was that the United Slates would be greatly benefifted by Siberian bases from which to bomb Japan But military leaders knew that Russia had to concen trate against Gnrmanv and that tween Japan on the one hand and Great Britain and the United States 011 the other that time the situation has radically changed the note said Germany attacked the U S SRand ally the latter in her war against the U S S R The treaty ordinarily would have run until April 194G The denouncement becomes ef fective April 13 just 12 days be fore the opening of the San Fran cisco conference The Moscow announcement said we could not then defend such Japans ambassador Nnolake Sato bases They knew also that any i had promised to bring the dec precipitate action giving Janan an jlaration of the soviet government excuse to scixc them would con to the attention of the Japanese fer on the enemy a strategic adi government vantage for the future and railways and attack from the i Nov however southwest Already Moscow dispatches said they had captured 2 second ary airfields one a few miles east of Baden and the Schwechat field just south Vienna while a 3rd Germany reeling toward disaster in the west and the tide turned against Japan in the east both Russia and the United States arein a greatly im proved position to exploit what ever new situations may develop MJ L 111 Midwest Manila The battle for southern Luzons DragonTail Bi Zwoelfaxing field just southeast of the city was under fire Great tank battles were being jJ fought in trie suburbs of the city I T C i P of 1900000 Moscow said The 1 rattlC Safety LOmCSt famous deer park had been conI verted by the Germans into an artillery position from which heavy barrages fell upon Russian ranks Although one Moscow news paper said high nazis were evacu rmhar Phi ippines pattern of n o fighf hl vicnna as atrm Although work was stopped in das ahead of schedule with the e fields the snow and low tcm inyasion forces controlling 17 roidsnchc they fought in Budapeil the perature has not caused a great deal of damage lo crops accord ing to Marion Olson director of Brie Gen Hanford MacNiricrs 1158lh regimental combat team miles of the west coast and 12 pressed Wednesday against Japa miles of the cast coast including j nese defenders in heavily wooded halt the shoreline of the vital j ridges labeled Little Bataan extension j Xakagusuku bay naval anchorage I Dugin enemy troops have been Apple blossoms were not out j The 24th army corps line in the aDe lo keep a Yank occupied air strip inoperative by mortar rocket King Tiger tanks and numerous types of selfpropelled weapons were being rushed into the battle Chicago ranked first in the midwestern division in the national traffic safety contest for 1044 the National Safety Council announced Wednesday night Nebraska was 2nd in the division Four Iowa cities received hon orable mention in the population groupings They were Davenport in the 50000100000 group Ma son City and Ottumwa in the 25 00050000 classification and Ames the Russians Moscow in the 1000025000 one ported Already across the Wicrbach rees were in blossom butUchi Tomari on the west coast iral most of the fruit biosUli miles north of Naha and Ems river town of Lingen 48 grains or gardens far enough to be damaged Some south as of Wednesdayran from plum trees i in gene soms were not far enough Snow will act as a oats already seeded a ry through any cold i might follow Not much had been i Yonabaru airfield none in seeding of any and antiaircraft from these ridges fire directed and Ukrainian armies of Mar shils Rodion iUaiinovsky and Feo dor Tolbukhin fought shoulder lo in the miles from an inlet of the North j Train travel was slowed up but i sea It appeared probable that 1 slightly by the snow and easljroundcd by Japanese 24 honre of the beautiful deer park olhcr Coasl i after passing Daraga and swinging j The Pressure on Vicnna was m An inlerpreter told United lrhc hills filf the Legaspi landing The outfit vllllle the iall of Brattsljva may be sent back to the capital j much of the German army group i Most trains into and out of Mason i r for conferences i H in Holland had escaped Such a prediction is made by closing trap during the last 4 days finallywas evacualcd umicr cover 1 Slovakian capital Japanese civil r ulation which the Army and Navy which says that the Journal general bulks too largely in the American and Dominion eye to be disre garded in designing future Pa cific strategy The authoritiye but unofficial service publication says that it is assured he will be ordered to Washington to present his views German Soldiers Lose Contact With Families London German radio which formerly tried to trace nazt soldiers for anxious relatives has done an about face With the war well inside the reich Berlin broadcasts now are helping nazi soldiers seeking word from their families whom have moved many of hurriedly most of them to inclement much flying The Canadian first army immi nently menaced the Dutch city Arnhcm 89000 and pressed on a broad front toward the Zuider Zee to cut across supply routes to the V bomb launching plat forms between the Hague and Rotterdam Lt Gen George S rations red hot third army more than 215 miles inside Germany spent much of its energy consolidating gains of the past 14 days in which 63 406 prisoners have been taken by this army alone Every available report showed that the Germans were pulling to the Elbe river line the best way they could with their limited transport and roundabout routes AUTHOR DIES New York Hall Tillitt 63 whose book Price of Prohibition helped bring about repeal in 1932 died of heart dis ease Wednesday night while wail ing for an elevated train Weather Report FORECAST There was no indication in the Moscow announcement of Russias litentions in future relations with Japan However Premier Marsha Stalin has publicly described Japan as an aggressive nation Earlier in the day the announce ment that Premier Gen Kuniaki Koiso nnd his entire cabinet had resigned gave an indication that the Japanese situation is critical Japans second wartime cabinet fell only 4 days after American invasion forces stormed ashore on Okinawa island 330 miles south west of the enemys home islands against almost nonexistent oppo sition The Japanese board of infor mation announced that the resig nations wer decided upon in view of the war situation and in order to bring a more powerful cabinet into office The decision was taken at all emergency cabinet session at a m Tokyo time the Tokyo radio said Koiso proceeded to the im perial palace and presented the resignation en bloc to Emperor i Hirohito at a m The Koiso cabinet went into of fice Si months ago after the overthrow of the extremist gov ernment of Gen Hidcki Tojo in a political crisis touched off by the loss of Saipan in the Mari anas Koisos ministers mostly con servative elder army navy and business leaders had been ex Mason City Fair and not so cold pccted lo rallv lhc Japanese Thursday night with about 4 Fridav lowest 1c anti cw cxr crtions to stem the allied march flay night was 16 above at Mason and the maximum was 48 at Burlington The highway commission gave this midmorning weather and road report Central and Southeast Temperature 30 to 35 Clear Vis ibility and highways normal Northeast 18 to 28 Clear Visibility and highways normal except Mason City area Highways passable except high way 5a south expected to be was evacuated a month ago fol lowing heavy air raids they re ported and the military command moved inland Swarms of carrier planes and the big guns of warships were supporting ground troops in the assault on enemy positions guard ing the airfields and Naha Sixteen miles to the north ma rines of the 3rd amphibious corps drove 2 to miles beyond Ishi kawa in the narrow neck of land separating southcentral and cen tral Okinawa where it has been evacuated Buy your War Bonds and amps fron carrier boy opened by 12 noon Wednesday Buy your War Bonds and make another standr anticipated the Japanese might been in the area checking the Japanese strength after landing by plane in midFebruary B29S LEAVE PLANTS BURNING Guam fleets of B29 Superfortresses left fires burning in 5 target areas after Wcdnes days predawn attack on Honshu island 21st bomber command Tolbukhin smashed through the town of Himberg and mounted an attack which seemed to support the nazi admission that the last ditch defense ol Vienna was at hand While capturing Bratislava other of Malinovskys troops advanced 8 to 10 miles north and west of the Slovakian city along a 100 mile front Moscow said Meanwhile to the north the Berlin radio said Marshal Greg ory K Zhukovs first White Kus sian army was about to launch a powerful assault from Oder and Ncisse river bases toward a June from the war zone or have been j Stamps Jrom your GlobeGazette j Stamps frnm your GlobeGazette Resistance continued on j headquarters announced Thurs lion with AmericaViorccs striking i carrier ooy the marine front though A Minnesota Increasing cloudiness and slowly rising temperatures Thursday night Friday cloudy and warmer with scattered thunderstorms north and west becoming much colder with snoxv flurries northwest Friday afternoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Wednesday Minimum Wednesday At S a m Thursday Snowfall YEAR AGO i at Berlin from the wcsl i Minimum 32 16 17 1 inch 17 23 awa was the final straw how ever Who will succeed Koiso was problematical Koiso like Tojo was a product of the ruthless Kwanglung army in Manchuria though perhaps slightly more moderate than his predecessor Should another army or navy man be chosen to succeed Koiso far eastern observers looked for a final frantic effort to prepare Japan to repel the ultimate allied invasion of the homeland itself An allcivilian cabinet how ever might be the first slop to ward peace The text of the board ot infor mation announcement on the res t ignation of the Koiso cabinet as ;