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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 5, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVI1 ASSOCIATED PIIESS AND UNITED PRESS FULL LEASED WTHES FIVE CENTS A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY APRIL 5 1941 PAPER CONSISTS Of TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE vryv NO lO Delegation Is Greeted at Lima EDITORS NOTE This is another of a scries of articles written by Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazette editor in tlie course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for Inter national Peace NUMBER 23 By W EAUL HALL CALLAO HARBOR would be difficult to imagine a more cordial or wholehearted re ception than has been extended to the Carnegie party on its oneday stay in Lima Perus capita city Arid its a ma jor regret with each of us that our ships sche dule has lim ited us to so short a time h ere The choice was one day or t w o weeks w hen the next south bound liner weighsanchor The latlcr WPS physically i m practi cable We were met at thc pier by representatives of thc Peruvian government Ihc American embassy and by spokes men for various organizations seeking to advance friendship be tween Korlh and South America For me one of the warmest greet ings came from C H Johnson and Julio Vargas of the Y M C A thanks to an advance notice of my coming from Secretary C E Git man of Mason Citys Y M Gearing into our full schedule of scenic delights was a delightful series of social engagements At noon lunched at the Lima W EARL HALL R Henry and his staff entertained us at a teain the American embassy Then followed n formal re ception for us at the downtown home of the Institution of Cul tural Relations Between North and South America with Secre tary Manuel Bcllroy professor of lileraturc at San Marcos uni versity presiding as host And finally a fivecourse dinner Riven by the same organization in a hotel near tlie presidential palace At both the reception and the dinner there was a formal ex change of felicitations At the former Scnor Beltroy spoke in Spanish and Malcolm Davis di rector of our responded most graciously too in English But at the dinner the welcome from our host was in English and those of our party with a mastery of Spanish replied in our host countrys tongue A certain rnid dleaged editor from the pzairies of North talking In private conversation as well ss in his formal addresses Doc tor Beltroy alluded to thc common interest between North and South America culturally as well as commercially and militarily He spoke wih intimate knowledge or the United States contemporary writers with special praise for Eugene ONeil But from his point of view Wall Whitman ranks as tlie tup of tile list of North American writers with Poe Emerson and Longfel low in high positions too He ex pressed warm praise for Norman Foerster head of the English de partment at the University of Iowa with whose works he is fa miliar In othors connected with San ERBS SAY ZERO HOUR REACHED RAF Power Bombs Blast Brest 2 SEA RAIDERS THOUGHT HIT IN PLANE ATTACK Strong Formations Reported to Have Taken Part in Air Raids LONDON some OL Ihe most powerful bombs ever dropped by the Royal Air possibly Britains new super power planes Friday night blasted Brest and straddled the German 26000 ton battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenaii probably putting the sea raiders out of action for some time The air ministry said that one of thc participating pilots report ed a direct hit or a very near miss on one of thc battleships Thc ministry also said that strong formations participated in the attack Some of thc most powerful bombs ever used on such tar gets were seen to straddle thc Scharnhorst and Gncisenau the ministry said W Some of the planes attacking the battleships dropped as low as 1000 feet before releasing their If they all missed from that height it was a very lucky ship one pilot was quoted as saying Thc ministry said that a raging fire started very close to the side Iowa DIDNT do any be seen 80 miles out at sea One of the German battleships was being refitted in a drydock and the other was moored to a Quay the ministry said A bomber from 1000 feet dropped a stick of bombs across ihe ship as the flare from another plane showed the at lacker his exact position All I could sec was the battle cruiser an attacking pilot said If was like standing on thc end of a pier and looking down on the ship a little distance out All the details of the ship could be control lower the guns and even smaller de tails ihe ministry said The attackers saw one of the ships guns open fire and then the bomb aimer dropped his bombs in a tight stick so that they should fall together The rear gunner saw a huge gush of flame go up about 20 or 30 yards from the ships and there was a sudden blaze fire which completely blotted out all later bursts so that it was impossible to see where the other bombs had fallen Many other attacks were made from a higher level the ministry said A majority of bombs were seen to straddle both battleships the ministry said GKKMAXS DECLARE NO DAMAGE CAUSED BERLIN Brit ish planes dropped a few bombs in western Germany during the night without causing damage Ihc officials news agency said Saturday German planes bombed harbor works in the Bristol area for sev eral hours effectively the agency said and caused serious damage One plane crew reported eight fires burning the agency re Ford Gets Injunction I A Capizzi attorney for the Ford IHotor companv rends a temporary injunction issued in Detroit restraining the CIOs United Automobile Workers from interfering with Ford workers Federal Judge Arthur J Tuttte who issued the injunction said there was a great emergency British Forces Hold Up Panzer Advance of Axis East of Bengasi By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS CAIRO imperial forces have held up the German Italian panzer advance east of Bengasi in western Libya and the situation is well in middle cast headquarters an nounced Saturday Australian airmen battling the axis advance were reported by RAF headquarters to have clowned six German planes three fighters and two bombers and damaged others in dogfights there Friday The British land ortly engaged the forces apjinr Gcrman and Italian armored units in positions set up east of the abandoned Lib yan port after their withdrawal earlier in the week BRITISH FORCES OCCUPY ADUWA Important Market in Ethiopia Is Reported Taken From Fascists CAino Egypt British News Agency reported Saturday the British had occupied Aduwa Ethiopia Aduwa is an important market town with strong natural defenses 50 miles south of Asmara Eritrea with which it is linked by a broad military highway built by the Italians for their Ethiopian inva sion in The Ethiopianscrushed an in vading Italian force there in 18SG but the Italians evened the score m October 1U3S by bombing and capturing the town and drivin out the 5000 inhabitants Marcos university we also discov p631 vos burning the agency rc cred a surprising familiarity with latcdallci saw them from a dis hc educational setup in thc tancc o milcs United States Doctor Telio for Declares Germans Don Budge Tennis Star to Be Married DES MO1NES Budge the professional tennis star said here Saturday that he and Dcirdre ConFClman ol Beverly Hills Cal would be married either in June U M p July Their engagement was j Him INOl 10 Oltei lowan Shot by Wife After She Warned announced by last Thursday Conchnan setup in Doctor Telio for example knew of the notable work being done in archeology I and anthropology at the UniverI Stones of member of our pi if Xorlh American like knowledge of the work lie A ing done in their field in the land I NT c r to the south Acigensticinc iVorwcgiau ininis ter to he Lmtcd States scheduled itn speak Saturday night at a Aorscmcn s league dinner said in an address Friday night that Ger many was responsible for spread ing stories of Norwegian treason It was the nazis who were themselves responsible for all the Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Fair Saturday night lowest temperature 34 Sunday increasing cloudiness IOWA Partly cloudy Saturday night Sunday increasing clou diness and warmer followed by showrers west MINNESOTA Partly cloudy Sat urday night Sunday increasing cloudiness followed by showers west somewhat warmer west and south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Osie Iowa Scott living near Bunch was in a hospital here Saturday with 2 caliber bullet wounds in Jus arm and abdomen which Davis County Sheriff C H Tones said were inflicted by Scotts wife early Saturday The officer related thc shoot ing occurred when Scott and a companion sought to gain en trance to thc house after Mrs Scott warned them not lo come in if he were intoxicated Mrs Scott accompanied her luiaband to tiie hospital where physicians said it would be 24 hours before it could be deter mined if the man is critically hurt No charges were filed in the My dinner companion was one Victor Llona pronounced lona who lived a dozen years in Chicago before assuming a position as literary editor on a Paris newspaper Although born m Peru of wealthy parentage he has spent more time abroad than in Peru He was in Paris when France fcl to the Germans and has a most intriguing story to tell of the tragedy Hitlers vise and all that has happened in connection with it could have been averted accord ing to Senor Llona if England and franco had gone to the aid of deceit and trickery that took place he said The Germans spread those vile accounts of Norwegian treason in order to humiliate us and shake the confidence of our friends the world over Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 11 in I PLANT CLOSED I DETROIT Ford i Motor company listed a domestic i plant at DCS Moincs Iowa as I among those closed because of the j strike at its River liougc plant in I suburban Dearborn NATIONS FORD PLANTS IDLE AS STRIKE RESULT 250000 Workmen in Steel Industry Face Threat on Tuesday By THE ASSOCIATED IKESS Ford Motor company assembly lines over America stood idle Sat urday as a result of a strike at the firms Hiver Rouge plant near Detroit At least 118000 men were affected by the shutdowns Another 250000 workmen in the steel industry faced tlie threat of workless days beginning al midnight Tuesday unless a dead lock is broken in negotiations be tween the United States Steel cor poration and its CIO employes over a new wage contract Still another 500000 soft coal miners were out of production while negotiations continued to waid a new labor contract How ever Dr John S Slcelman fed eral conciliator predicted thai some of the mines would reopen next week As these hundreds of thou sands engaged in industries holdiiiff billions in defense con tracts drew further public at tention to the labor situation President Roosevelt termed the strike at the plant of the Allis Chaltncrs Manufacturing com pany a bad situation and said somethinghas gal lo be done ahnut il Asked at his press conference Friday whether there was com munist activity in connection with the AllisChalmers strike Mr Roosevelt replied in the affirma tive He described the strike as the only serious one in defense industries The company has 000000 in urgent defense orders Representatives of the company and striking CIO United Automo bile Workers union meet iu Washington Saturday for a con ference with the defense media tion board seekiny to settle the 71day stoppage Issues include a union shop wage rates and se niority adjustments The Ioril strike hingcs on lemamls of the CIO United Au tomobile Workers for a contract recognizing it as collective bar gaining asent and covering erases and seniority and griev ance procedure Strikebound for Uiroe days the big River Rouge plant slopped feeding parts to the widely scat tered assembly plants They closed The company holds S155 000000 in defense contracts 1 A Capizzi Ford attorney flew to Washington for a hearing Saturday before the national la bor relations board on a UAW petition for a bargaining agency election at River Rouge and Ihe Ford Lincoln plant in Detroit He said he would offer evidence of i communist activities in tin Ford I j disputes It also was reported Capizzi would confer Secrei tary of War Stimson In New York Richard Franken steen an organization director of the UAW said tiic issue of com munism in the Ford strike was a lot of hooey In the bisr steel controversy it was reported that CIO and management were far apart on four major paid vacations dues collections and exclusive bargaining recognition for the CIO steel workers or ganizing committee Union lenders were reported planning to call a strike at mid night Tuesday unless an agree ment is reached If all of Die com panys subsidiaries arc affected 250000 workers would be in BELACR YUGOSLAVIA If war comes Jugoslavia expects four thrusts arrows into the nation The countrys three largest cities Belgrade Zagreb and 1JiioIjaiia underlined were declared open cities The town of bkoplje 1 was blaekcil mil and crowded ujth Jugoslav oldiers mi the way lo lake up positions in the slratceically important Vardar Mussolini May Try to Keep Out of Conflict If Nazis Begin Jugoslavia Invasion By T MASOV United Press Expert If Germany starts an invasion of Jugoslavia the possi bility exists that Mussolini may tvy to kuep out of the cou Ilicl hoping to save Italy from new complications having potentialities of much gravity Precedent exists for such a move in the fact that Germany has remained neutral MASON during Italys war with Greece Should thc fascists decide not to take any action against the Jugo slavs the purpose would be lo give Belgrade nn overt cause for starting a flank offensive against the Italian army in Albania Any con s i d erablc drive across Ihe w c s t e r n J u g o s I a v mountains into Albania would be a serious matter for the Italians who would be caught be tween the Greeks operating from thc south and Jugoslav thrusts coming from thc east and north Collapse of the entire Italian campaign in Albania might re sult from enemy tactics of his kind Albania is so narrow that even the most talented military leadership commanding hardened and skilled troops would have great difficulty trying to meet such a situation Y Strategically it woulil he a proper move for it to keep as far away from hostilities in Jugoslavia as he can The Ger mans would not need his assist ance for the fuehrer certainly lias men and munitions enough of his own for a major cam paign al least in its initiil stuccs Indeed it would be advantage on militarily for the Germans to try to handle operations in Jugoslavia without Italian par ticipation If Italy could be held outside the area of hostilities then inlo a possible envelopment uf Al bania Vet if il elucc were to try to remain at peace with Jugoslavia while Hitler went lo war his moral position would be para doxieai The primary reason why Germany has become in volved in serious Palkun com plications has been Die necessitv for rescuing the Italians from their defeat at the hanils of Ihe Greeks V V Had it not been for this Ihe luehrer would not have had to require the transportation of mu nitions and war supplies along thc short Jugoslavian line of commu nications into Bulgaria as a threat to Greece Without that strategic necessity t h c Jugoslav crisis would nnt have arisen Italy therefore is responsible for Hitlers present Balkan Ironi bles For Sijjnor Mussolini to atI tempt to remain quiescent while thc fuehrer sets forth to retrieve ol Italys defeat would place 11 Duce in a poor light as a military lead er for thc reason would be too apparent FRONTIERS ARE CLOSED SEVER WIRES TO AXIS Diplomatic Stage Ended With Stage Arriving BY THE ASSOCIATED 1ISKSS BELGRADE Jugoslavia Jugoslav relations with Germany ebbed swiftly Saturday and the Balkan kingdom appeared on the verge of war Government circles declared gravely that the hour had arrived and a neutral diplomat with close government connec tions asserted the diplomatic stage has ended with the new stage just a matter of days or hours away Authorized Iurcijrn office sources in Hirim cchoini these ominous words said that for all practical purposes Gcrmaiilti Xdslav ilinliHiKiUir e I a t iu n s have ceased to exist Jugoslavias frontier with Ger many and Italy and nazidomi nated Hungary Bulgaria and Uu 1 mania were closed Tiie Hungarian official news agency said in Budapest that lu j goslavia had suspended all Dan I ube river traffic in the section fronting Jugoslav territory An extraordinary session of Premier General Dnsan Sirnovics cabinet ended in Hie early morn ing hours and a semiofficial source said that the critical for eign question had been discussed Telephone connections with Bulgaria and Rumania were severed It was difficult lo gel calls through to Germany ami Italy aiid only diplomatic calls were accented for Hungary Squadrons of Jugoslav fighter planes roared over Belgrade shortly after noon mid headed to ward the Hungarian border where Adolf Hitler is reported to have massed hugenaii forces The air force kept up a con stant patrol of the northern ntul eastern frontiers Premier Simuvec nrdered thc guvernnienl lo Inready to ciuit the i capital j foreign legations in Belgrade iiici thai in addition German j arid Italian frontiers the troop lined borders with Hungary FUi mania and Bulgaria had been Albania fascist territory and Greeks are tioncd sped Ou the possible danger of a fascist collapse in Albania due to flank ing operations might be avoided Otherwise such a threatened complication would interfere with thc German plan of campaign in stead of concentrating nil their strength for southern and eastern i drives through Jugoslavia as nat VF ural strategy dictates they would j Q have to divert forces westward J cliani to try to protect thc Albanian boundary on Furthermore if the British and the Greeks joined Jugoslavia in resisting German aggression it is not likely that Italy would be allowed lo remain quiescent A flank offensive against Albania might be ordered anyway It cer tainly would be attempted il ttr German rush intu Jugoslavia wcit i iuIted or seriously impeded uct ui U luce rnut take this laclur into consideration cstimatmi j what hi Ihc wai spreads With it all however there is a chance that he might hold aloof at least until tlie early phase of the campaign became clarified showing whether n Jugoslav at tempt to cross the Albanian mountains was in preparation The most likely point apparently was the llun cariaiifiisfislav frontier when Adolf tiller has massed Inifc iiayi forces With Jugoslavia virtually en circled by the axis and axis satel lite only her border with IrieiHMy Greece the until ami tin Adriatic roai on the vcV rc t e i i 11 il own position will be if j was cnrimtr lo a into Jugoslavia in Home After trie do urc f i in Italian frontier ho headed for Budapest reaching the Hungarian capital Saturday TAKEN TO PKISON American authorities stilt were IryiiiK lo Bct Secretary Caventlisli Ciinnon of the Alh cns legation ami his wife out of hi7nsliiti They anon their home Kirby T7 VcrmilHon mcrI RI i J u i one Italys reported attempts to trv lo pacify German resentmcnts was taken late Friday tt penitentiary at Vails to begin a 10 year sentence charge of firt degree man slaughter Riiiia und Rumania were jvoiyed The old contract expired j against Jugoslavia undoubtedly April I and negotiations have I are due lo Mussolinis comnrc been carried on since March 20 hcnsion of Ihc situation in Tnc CIO was said to have asked bania and the possible threat o his forces there U is certainly against Italys interests to have thewar against Greece expand for a 10cent hourly wage rise with the company countering with an offer of 2i cents talked since first setting foot on South American soil a little more than a week ago i it Lv ulu v I If thetc is a strong moni7f I loyalist Spam against Franco Ho I profascist segment of ooDuH SK everybody else with whom I have come it as DES MOINES republicans of the first and fourth congressional districts Saturday mapped a do or die campaign against the congressional re districting plan approved earlier this week by the stale senate The senate plan will produce al least four democratic districts declared Representative Vilson Rebels at Proposed Splitup of 4th District offer a mbstitutc plan but I dont know what it will be The first district GOP is kick ing up a fuss because it may in herit Scott county from the pres ent second That county plus thc politically unknown quantities in the migrant Burlington ordnance plant population DCS Moircs county has caused thc districts j republican leadership plenty of i qualms over the possibility of losing congressman lo Ihc I democrats We are in said Representative Herman Knudson R Mason I feel like offering amend ments to that plan from now un til Christmas added Representa tive W P Knowlton R De If it goes through it will put northeast Iowa always an ag ricultural congressional district under urban control The fourth is objcctin because it will be split between thc pres ent second and third Thus Knowltons county o AVinncshick will be in Ihc same congressional district as Cedar Rapids Clinton i and Dubuque Knudsons county of Ccrro Gordo which includes Mason City will be in the same district as Waterloo and Marshalltown A fewgrumbles have been heard here and there from thc representatives of other districts but those objcciions for the most part are expected lo be ironed out SUNDAY April 13 6 Shopping Doys Left creel and it was difficult to tclr pjione r Germany and Italy Only diplomatic iali were aurntcd for Hungary A nciitra diplomat aid liat through Ins contact with thc Iliiinent IILcould state tin diplo malic lins ho added it is just a question of days iihours before the niany new s The hslied reau fridyy a military cstcih war press bu Thc Tnitcd Stales legation remained open day am nichl American Minister Arthur niiss Lane said lie was in eon slant contact with the covcrn mcnt on Premier General Dnsan Simovic having had IS scpi j rale interviews with the prc i mier foreisn minister and other cabinet members since Friday Lane said the nature of help sought from thc Umlcri Stale i a military question1 Premier General Dtisan Siiro vie s cabinet ended an cxtraorrti nary lota and a halfhour meet ing n ihe early morning hours ;