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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 5, 1939, Mason City, Iowa HARLON E f HIST HEM ARt OF lOWft COMP oes MOIWES it NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT VOL XLV CIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS FUIJ UiASED WIRES FIVE CENTS A COPX MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 5 1939 THIS PAPES CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 152 NEWS BEHI NAVY Nazis Buy 70 Cent U S Wheat for 39 Cents all that has been said and done in Wash ington about stopping the dicta tors listen A German ship theS3 Dbnau is now on the high seas for Bremen with a cargo of A m e ri c a n wheat It was bought by for eign buyers at equivalent of 38Va cents F O B Port 1 an d O re whence the Do n a u departed last week at a time when wheat was sell ing to Ameri Paul Mallon cans at 70 cents in Chicago The foreign buyers got it foi aroundhalf what Americans pay because they got it from the American government the Feder al Surplus Commodities corpora tion which paid far more for it The loss is taken by the FSCC which has no funds except those paid into the U S treasury by taxpayers In short the American taxpayer is paying almost 50 per cent of Hitlers purchase price of the wheat and the transaction was consummated as another branch of the federal government the treasury was announcing a 25 per cent penalty against imports from Germany in an attempt to curtail trade with that dictatorial nation Low Price to Shanghai Listen further The FSCC has sold several car goes of wheat lately to Shanghai now controlled by the Japanese at prices ranging from 39 to 40 cents f ob Portland wheras it ac tually purchased this wheat fob 72 cents ThisSvasa subsidy of 33V cents a bushel tp a foreign buyer paid by thegovernment of the United StatesitrdHiitaxes In neither Ihis nor in the Ger man case was the wheat workec into flour in American mills em ploying American labor No sub sidy was granted to them so the could get the business now to be done in Bremen and Shanghai al though they would use American cotton bags and American raihvaj transportation as well as labor At Cross Purposes Now Agriculture Secretary Wal lace wants tc institute a similar export subsidy system for cotton whereby foreign buyers will be able to get it cheaper than Ameri cans and American taxpayers will pay the difference Plain fact behind the matter is that the foreign policy and the farm policy confUcC Mr Wallace and State Secretary Hull are working at cross purposes Mr Wallace wants to get rid of sur plus American farm products Mr Hull wants Xo get rid of the dictators Mr Hull wants to promote foreign trade with nondictatorial nations through reciprocal agreements Mr Wal lace wants to dump his farm sur pluses and the dictator nations happen to be the ones in need of raw materials The sacrifice of the taxpayers money says Mr Wallace is justi fied because otherwise the farm er would not get a halfdecent priceThen the farmer could not buy American manufactured goodsand all business would suffer Hitler and Mussolini Confer MOVEMENTS OF ITALIANTROOPS ARE REPORTED Soldiers Are Ready to Enter Albania Observers Indicate By JOE ALEX MORRIS United Press Foreign News Editor Europes new peace front bristled with guns Wednesday as both democracies and dictator ships stepped up war preparations Adolf Hitler and Benito Musso lini in a long telephone conver Setting Collegiate Record sation discussed plans by which Germany and Italy would seek to ireak before they are sealed the nterlocking alliances which Great Britain is seeking to set up in Eur ope to prevent aggression and which the totalitarian regard as encirclement Center Around Italy In London which suffered a wave of jitters as result of con tradictory reports of naval pie cautions the government of Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain completed a defensive twoway military alliance with Poland as the keystone of an eastern Europe peace bloc into which Britain hopes to bring all nations in the path of nazi aggression Actual military measures ap parently directed against the Bri tishled united front centered around Italy Troops Reinforce lanes Italian troops reinforced the John Patrick establishes and eats a new record for the honor and glory of his alma mater the University ot Chicago His meal supplied by Miss Marion Gerson lie ate two and onehalf phonograph records to prove those goldfishgulping students from Harvard and Pcnn State are just softies Crawford Makes Survey A private report on the business situation is being circulated among house republicans by Representa tive Fred Crawford of Michigan It is based largely on a fourday survey he made personally withir his own district Mr Crawford is telling the republicans the situation was more discour aging than at anytime since 1933 people are not buying more than 550000000000 yes billions are tied up in savings deposits inflexible fixed charges taxes labor commodi ties are too high to encourage business one trucking trans portation company has had to hire an expert at 57000 a year to do nothing except handle the firms relations with the federal govern ment He spent two weeks alone to compile a report required by the ICC only way out is to adjust prices downward taxes labor commodities in an effort to lure the out of savings accounts Government economists are agreed on their disagreement with the pessimistic tone of this pic ture They blame the recent stock market discouragement entirely fascist Mediterranean lines at every danger spot and were re ported ready to move into Albania to complete Mussolinis already powerful grip on the land of King Zog This move would give warn ing to adjacent Jugoslavia and Greece that adherence to anti nazi front involves grave risks At Tirana which was rocked by a salute of 101 guns when Queen Geraldine daughter ot the former Gladys Stewart ot New York gave birth to an heir to the hrone official Albanian sources maintained there was no thought of an Italian protectorate but both florae and London dispatches in dicated that the fascists had some stern but undisclosed measure in mind Denied by Officials Infantry artillery and airplanes veie reported ready to enter Al bania from Italy Other Italian forces including heavy artillery moved to reinforce the fascist out posts at the Dodecanese islands near the Suez canal and still other Italian troops reportedly landed in Spain where French and Brit ish diplomats asked for an ex planation of the dispatch of fresh units to Frances back door Italian officials were under stood to have denied that fresh troops landed In Spain The sudden announcement and subsequent denial ot a statement by Stanhope the British first lord of admiralty that antiair craft guns of the fleet had beer manned for any eventuality left Britain in aYiother war dither but it made clear that naval precau tions had been taken by London French Solidarity Shown In France President Albert Le brun was due to be reelected president of the republic in a ges ture of national solidarity in line with the efforts of the cabinet ot Premier Edouard Daladier to mo Stimspn Urges U S Throw Isolation Policy Overboard WantsFRtoGet Greater Powers for Determining Aggressors LOOK INSIDE FOR bilize the nations full defensive forces Rumania still in an uncertain role in the British plans for east WASHINGTON L Stimson onetime republican sec retary of slate urged congress arid the nation Wednesday to throw isolation overboard and give Presi dent Roosevelt greater powers to discriminate between aggressors and victims in war I weigh my wbrds Stimson told the senate foreign relations committee When I say that I be lieve that our present Caucasian civilization is threatened with the gravest danger with which it has been confronted for four ccntuj lies Isolation Is Outmoded Stimson first witness at hear ings on proposed changes in the neutrality act said the theory of isolation looks a little shopworn and that the neutrality act based on the former code of nations was outmoded He added that his ideas on neu trality legislation were most near ly approached in a measure by Senator Thomas DUtah Thomas proposed that the presi dent subject to approval by con gress should be empowered to name a treaty violator as an agj gressor and to embargo shipmentsi to such a nation j Wont Abuse Discretion Asking that wider discretionary powers be given the president the former cabinet officer remarked that the handling of foreign af fairs had a most sobering effect upon those entrusted with them and added am not impressed with the fear that in that presidential dis cretion is likely to be abused Stimson added that should a general war start in Europe this spring the present neutrality law might facilitate a result that would make the UnitedStates the next EDWARD J KELLY ReElected Mayor as Chicago Casts Votes PAGE 2 Recover Climbers Body HINK HOPKINS AKES STEP TO 40 ASPIRATION Observers See Move for Iowa Residence as Presidential Aim WARM SPRINGS Ga olitical observers believed Wed esday that Secretary of Com merce Harry L Hopkins had taken is first step toward the 1940 emocratic presidential nomina lon They did not know if lie had aken it with the knowledge and pproval of President Roosevelt But he had chosen to announce t to the world at the summer house here while a guest of he president The step was this Hopkins is islabhshmg his permanent resi lence at Iowa where he vent to college years ago and lias but rarely since This weei he was elected a director of Grin ncll college Iowa Background Aid In making his announcement iopkins said he was motivated only by a desire to establish a lome for his motherless daughter Diana 7 Because of his official duties in Hopkins said he lad no intention of will have little or no opportunity to live in his new home Accompanies Roosevelt Political experts agree that Hopkins chances for the demo cratic nomination would be consid erably augmented if he went be fore the convention as an lowan rather than from New York his home before he went to Washing ton to become one of the brightest lights of the new deal 50 cJose to Mr Roosevelt that he often has been called the crown prince Hopkins accompanied President Roosevelt here from Washington to recover from influenza Rescuers on a ledge on Break Neck mountain near Cold Springs N Y are shown pulling up the body of Irving NVFelcin 20 who was strangled when he became entangled in a rope by which he and a companion were descending the mountain side The body dangled 800 feet in the air for two hours before rescuers succeeded in lifting it House Votes for Business Managers in State Hospitals Pampered Players in News Writer Decides PAGE 13 crn European alliances dispatched victim of attack another infantry regiment to the frontier on denied at Bulgaria was mov ing troops up toward the border for the moat part the German a quiet attitude toward the swiftly moving European scene as they did before the nazi fuehrer made his most effective thrust last sum mer at Czechoslovakias Sudeten land Fire Trucks Dash to Home as Woman Makes Vote Query CKANUTE Bert Brolliar Kans Mrs telephoned to the False Psychology Abroad Although Stimson did not name Germany Italy and Japan by name he said some governments by aggressive tactics had rejected with open scorn and contempt the code of behavior of nations based on mutual respect Stimson said that in his belief the neutrality act was creating a false psychology abroad The American people are not insensible to cruelty and aggres sion he said Nor are they so i unintelligent that under the condi lions of today they cannot distin guish an aggressor nation from its victim On the contrary being served with the most free and en terprising press in the world they are probably better informed ot the facts necessary for such a de termination than any other peo Home EC Exhibit at Allison on April 1 2 PAGE 4 fire department to ask where to vote Trucks rushed to her home hose was connected to i vvjiuleviiv on Hitler think everything else iremen t points upward Auto sales they tion of Michigan are 40 per over last year hydrants and the porch Minneapolis Boy 3 Falls 3 Stories Is Uninjured by Tumble MINNEAPOLIS h r e e year old Robert Lapinsky was un concerned Wednesday over his tumble from a third story apart ment window The lad son of Mr and Mrs Paul Lapinsky was alone in a bedroom but instead of sleeping evidently was playing on a win dow sill Witnesses said he turned over several times enroute to the ground and landed on the lawn He got up and walked away ready to play with children near by Iowa Patrol Bill Is Given to Governor DES MOINES Iowa highway patrol was on its way out from under the administrative thumb of Secretary of State Earl G Miller Wednesday Only Gov George A Wilsons signature was needed to enact into law the public safely depart ment bill uniting various state law enforcement and inspection functions into one department headed by a safety commissioner The Iowa house Tuesday com pleted legislative action on this pivotal item in the republican state government reorganization pro gram by accepting a conference committee report on the safety bill The senate previously had approved the report Consolidates 5 Functions The measure provides for the appointment of the safety com missioner by the governor A term ot four years and a salary of 55000 annually is provided The bill con solidates the functions of five principal state departments em ploying approximately 260 per sons The departments include the agents of the bureau of investiga tion the police radio system the patrol and the drivers license de partments under Secretary Miller the commerce commission truck inspectors and the state fire mar shals office Miller Pledges CoOperation Miller accepted the decision of Governor Authorized to Make Appointments in 15 Institutions DES MOINES a 6234 vote the Iowa house Wednesday passed a bill granting the gover nor power to appoint business managers for each of the 15 state hospitals homes and penal insti tutions The measure one of the repub lican state government efficien cy measures now must be re turned tothe senate for concur rence in amendments Approve Hospital Insurance The house also passed and sent io the governor a bill providing for the creation of nonprofit hos pital insurance corporations The lower chamber agreed 96 to 6 to concur in senate amendments to the measure The seething Iowa board of con trol scrap spread into the Iowa house Wednesday where Repre sentative F J Ritchie Mar cus Cherokee defended state in stitutions against the cow com plaints oE legislative investigat TIIIEVES LEAVE NOTE NEWBERRY S Car Thieves tookall the ot Hitler Beats Ickes j in Chicago Ballot the after legislature waging a philosophically losing battle rolliar explained themfrom Lavrcnce Derrick beM Senary CHICAGO Hitler CopjrIIlil Sim Feitiru Int water softener Oh yes Chanute approved the water softener this note brv against the bill He promised to coopevate with the governor in facilitating the change The secretarys brief control of the highway safety came into office Jan marked by several battles with the Iowa State Safety council over patrol policies The council accused Miller ot making the patrol a political football after he had fired for mer Chief John R Hattery and demoted one of the assistant chiefs Miller in turn charged the council with unauthorized expen diture of state funds in its safety education campaigns ors During debate over a bill pro viding for the appointment of a business manager at each of the 15 state hospitals homes and prisons Ritchie asserted mainten ance of valuable state dairy herds is good business and beneficial to institution inmates Critical Report Expected Forthcoming in the senate shortly is an investigation report expected to be critical of institu tion management Charges that the domestic animals at the state hospitalshave been Ieceiving bet ter care than the patients already have been aired in the upper house The charges referred to air barns and indiviclua drinking cups for cows at one hos pital Ritchie asserted the Cherokei slate hospital for the insani maintains a dairy herd which pro duces an axerage of 12 pints o milk a day for inmates and em ploycs Each S1QO worth of feed has produced a return of SI 9476 he added and weaned pig litters have averaged 825 animals apiece Defends Superintendents Do you know any farmer in your county who can equal that record he asked I never made a record to equal those figures in my life Concerning statements that some of the institution superintendents ought to be replaced Ritchie said Maybe the board of control is just as much to blame as the management for these The threeman control board supervises the activities of the various institutions He suggested replacing super intendents wherever it can be Justified but objected to the KNIFE USED ON FUNDS STUDIES House Appropriations Committee Against Any New Large Buildings DES MOINES Iowa louse appropriations committee ot out the old pruning knife Wednesday and cut the state edu cational institutions completely out of the capital improvements picture for the next two years Even the state insanity hospitals and other board of control insti tutions felt the effects of the com mittee economy wave which slashed capital improvements ask ings from 52403375 a year down to a recommended total of 600 The committee early decided that there should be no large new building operations during the coming two years O N Hultman Stanton said The general theme of the recommendations is to correct the insanitary condi tions and fire hazards at board of I STANHOPE TALK TO MAN GUNS IS SUPPRESSED Minister Explains Unsuccessful Attempt to Discount Speech LONDON Minister Chamberlain told the house oC commons Wednesday that he per sonally gave directions that Brit ish newspapers should suppress or discount Earl Stanhopes man the guns speech because it gave an incorrect impression Chamberlain said he had acted to spare the public unnecessary agitation over the declaration made by Stanhope first lord of the admiralty Tuesday night The prime minister said amid laughter and cliecrs Appar ently my efforts to spare the public unnecessary agitation were not altogether successful but the incident will at any rate have served to demonstrate the constant readiness of the navy for all eventualities The Earl of Stanhopes Ports mouth speech had declared naval intiaircraft guns had been manned to be ready for any thing Stanhope went to No 10 Down ing street the prime ministers residence 40 minutes before the weekly cabinet meeting was sche duled to start and had a long talk with Chamberlain Chamberlain said Stanhopes statement was unpremeditated anddenied that the first lord of the admiralty had asked the press to give special prominence to his statement Treated The prime ministers tendency to treat the incident as a mis understanding leftthe impression that Stanhopes position in the cabinet wouid not be impaired Stanhope in a speech Monday night declared that antiaircraft guns of the fleet were manned to be ready for anything The declaration provoked sharp repercussions The premiers office issued a denial The admiralty asked the press to suppress the statement It was understood that the discussions between Foreign Minister Joseph Beck of Poland and the British foreign secre tary Viscount Halifax resulted in a pledge that Poland would fight fur Britain should she be threatened by an affgrressor Britain was understood to have informed Italy that now the Span ish war was ended Italian troops should be withdrawn from Spain The foreign minister of Italy Count Ciano was said by London sources to have stated that no Italian troops had landed in Spain recently On Early Broadcast The ministers speech was re control institutions and to get i ported in some London news along without any new buildings the next two years State colleges and schools luid asked 5585000 a year for build ings in the 193941 biennium the most costly of which would have been a S300000 library on the Uni versity of Iowa campus Also eliminated was a state fair board request for 3235000 a yeaifor a new 4H club dormitory on the fairgrounds here Hultman said only two new buildings were authorized in the recommendations They are a 340000 grade school structure at the Iowa soldiers orphans home at Davenport and a 5300000 fiirls custodial building at the Glcn wpod institution for the feeble minded 1 The Weather FORECAST IOWA Mostly cloudy rain or snow in extreme cast colder Wednesday temperature generally freezing or bctow More or less cloudiness Thurs day continued cold MINNESOTA lUorc or less unsettled colder Wednesday nlffht considerably colder in cast and extreme south gener ally fair and continued cold Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics Maximum Tuesday 59 Minimum Tuesday night 34 At 8 a m Wednesday 37 Kain 24 inch to ouejn Tuesdays The safety bill was adopted by pullets and start over again We are coming back to sec you some mayoralty election Hitler got two a vote of 82 to 13 after the con votes and Ickcs got i ference report was accepted 81 to j the bill would result in a I7 annual saving to the state v blanket indictment of supcrin1 Rain Tuesday night turned the tendents contained in the business grass a bright green Blooming o manager bill j crocuses was another refreshing Representative Y Latchaw sifin of spring Wilton Junction estimated i YEAR AGO Maximum 41 Minimum 23 papers and the text was carried by the British Broadcasting Cor poration in its short wave broadcast to the British Empire before the admiraltys suppres sion could be effected It was omitted however from subsequent broadcasts but no con tradiction of the admiralty lords remarks was put on the air The almost unprecedented ac tion of the admiralty in suppress ing Stanhopes Portsmouth speech and of the prime ministers office in denying it left no doubt that the government was greatly con cerned over the possible conse quences of his words It became necessary to ive orders to man antiaircraft uns of the fleet so as to be ready for anything that might happen1 Berlin Makes Comment Comment was soon forthcoming from Berlin The noonday news paper Zeitung Am Mittag cap tioned its front page editorial Mars Inhabitants Now Before England The newspaper recalled the Oct 30 scare in the United States over a radio dramatization of a Martian invasion Does Lord Stanhope think the Martians now are marching on England Zeitung Am Mittag asked The cabinet meeting after the StanhopeChamberlain conference discussed the admiralty lords speech and its possible effects abroad in view of the present del icate international situation as well as how to explain it Confer With Bcck The ministers received from Foreign Secretary Viscount Hali fax a detailed report on his dis cussions with Polish Foreign Min ister Col Joseph Beck looking to ward the PolishBritish mutual assistance alliance as the keystone j of an antiaggression lineup in I Europe Colonel Beck meanwhile mo toied to Windsor castle to lunch ;