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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 4, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COUP DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AtfD ARCHIVES MOINES 1A THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS ssotiatcd Press and Unilcd Press Full Leased Wires iFivc Ccnls a Copy MASON ITV IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 4 1944 This Paper Consists of Tvo Section One NO Bucharest Blasted by Yank Heavy Bombers LASH CAPITAL OF RUMANIA IN HEAVY ASSAULT More Difficult Days for Axis Satellites Indicated by Raids Allied Headquarters Naples bombers of the 15th airforce subjected Bucharest to Us first U S aerial bombardment Tues day while Russian troops pushed on by land 200 miles northeast of the Rumanian capital The liberators and fortresses at iacking in considerable strength struck at military objectives in Bucharest only 24 hours after they had given a similar drubbing to Budapest the capital of Hungary Like Budapest Bucharest has become important to the German defenses of eastern Europe and great quantities of war material have been pouring through both rail centers Mustang and lightning fighters accompanied the Bucharestbound bombers The bombers flew within a few miles of the Plocsti oil fields which American aircraft struck last year In disclosing the Bucharest at tack allied headquarters also an nounced that a thousand tons ot bombs were used in Mondays Budapest assault on railroad yards aircraft components fac tories and other military and in dustrial targets Headquarters announced t oo that 115 enemy planes were dc stroyed in the attack Sunday against aircraft factories at Steyr Austria This was the greatest number of planes ever officially claimed for a sinsle days flying in the mediterranean theater The bombings of the 2 Balkan capitals foreshadowed more diffi cult days for Hitlers satellites in that ot3Jul garia already has lelt the weight i of 15th airforce bombs several times and Budapest now has been ALL JAP SHIPS IN PALAU PORT SUNK DAMAGED Knox Reveals Attacks Also Made on Woleai Yap by Task Forces Washington Japanese ships caught at anchor at Palau Woleai and Yap were sunk or damaged by an American task force raiding those enemy bases Secretary of the Navy Knox re ported Tuesday Knox at a press conference said there was no way to estimate the number of ships that were caxighl in the anchorages In addition to those hit in the lagoons he saic one Japanese warship was sunk near Palau and 2 near Woleai The secretarys mention of Wo leai and Yap was the first dis closure that the powerful task force hitting in Japanese Caroline island territory had struck those 2 points Woleai has an unusuallj good anchorage Yap anothe Japanese base lias been used principally as a communication center Knox said that first reports o the strike which began March 3 and continued through April 1 in dicated that our airplane losses were 8 fighter planes 11 bombers and 8 torpedo bombers There was no indication in original reports of any damage to the American war Blast Nippon Army Moving Into India New Delhi war planes have blasted Japanese in vasion forces moving across the Burma frontier into India a com munique disclosed T u e s d a j bombing and strafing armorec columns and headquarters com mand posts The blazing aerial attack ap larently intended to smash the Japanese rear lines and disrupt he flow of tanks and reinforce neuts into India swept over a wide area from the Chin hills up hrough the Chindwin river gorges and deep into northwest Burma Formations of divebombers fighterbombers and fighters struck repeatedly at enemy posi tions Sunday and Monday raking Ihe Japanese with bombs and can Reds Pound Crumbling Nazi Defense Lines in 3 Sectors CHURCHILL LOOKS OVER A BAZOOKA U S Bazooka gun gets a close inspection by Prime Min ister Winston Churchill during his inspection lour oL American troops somewhere in England ships The original reports from Ihe hit Monday by the 14th BIG GUNS DUEL ON ITALIAN LINE Nazis Send Fascist roops to Beachhead Allied Headquarters Naples on the Italian bat tlefronts subsided into a series of violent artillery exchanges and smallscale patrol actions Monday a communique disclosed Tuesday asallied spokesman revealed that Italian fascist paratroops have been moved into the Anzio beach head to reinforce the battered loth and again Monday night by Wellingtons and liberators of the RAF which attacked steel works armaments factories and railroad yards This widespread assault against Balkan capitals undertaken in conjunction with the based attacks against Britain German railroad communications m a y have political repercussions in the harried Balkan chancelleries The ManfredWeiss steel works and armament factory the main target of the nishl attack and RAF crewmen said they left at least five fires burning and saw one large explosion The assault came only a few hours after U S 15th airforce bombers had dropped hundreds of tons of bombs on the railroad yards the Tokol aircraft com ponents factory a nearby airfield a refinery barracks and other targets Photo Interpretation re ports indicated the attack was very successful with more than 350 craters counted within the grounds of the Tokol while the main buildings w ere severely damaged An officer summed up the raids this way About ihc best way to locate a Balkan capital these days is to look for a column of smoke Between 50 and 60 enemy planes were met over Budapest and the bomber gunners and fighter pilots shot down 24 first reports said An allied commu nique said that 26 enemy planes were destroyed during Mondays operations in this theater against a loss of 13 allied craft More than 1900 sorties flown Other fortresses and liberators roared over Jugoslavia for the second straight day Monday dumping bombs on freight yards at Brod Knin and Drnis in a systematic campaign to cut off German supplies Medium bomb ers and fighter bombers continued their attacks on targets in Italy Allied and German longrange cannon thundered intermittently across the beachhead throughout the day with the 5th army artil lery centering their fire on nazi troop concentrations s u p p 1 y dumps and communications lines in the battle area Twelve enemy planes includ ing a number ot 4engined bomb Casualties of British Reach 667159 Total London British empire casualties in the first 4 years of war were 667149 Including 158 741 killed Prime Minister Church ill announced in commons Tues day He listed 159219 wounded 78 204 missing and 270995 prisoners of war during the 48 months Americanaimyand navy xialties at latest announcements were 173239 in about 27 months of war including 40657 killed 04008 wounded 36321 missing and 32163 prisoners of war Th U S figures included army casual ies up through last March 15 Churchill said civilian casualtie in the United Kingdom for the years were 109101 including 49 730 killed and 59371 wounded sufficiently to be hospitalized Merchant seamen casuallies 01 British ships were 30314 incltid Pacific fleet of the strike at Halau had told of Japanese ships fleeing to the westward toward the Philippine islands after the Amer can task force struck with its eavy bombers and big guns Knox said that only meager de ails had been received so far be ause of the necessity of maintam radio silence until the task orce has completed its mission lowever he expressed belief that dditional information may be orthcoming shortly He described as an interesting slant on the Palau raid the fad hat an air raid alarm was sound ed in Manila We dont know whether one of our planes went over Manila md threatened them or if they knew of this attack close by the non fire Japanese tank columns motor transport headquarters buildings and other targets came under the allied aerial bombardment and the communique revealed that one tank was destroyed 2 others were damaged and C more suffered hits in the Tamu area A successful divebomb ing attack also was carried out on a Japanese headquarters at Myothit the communique said The communique reported that ground fighting had subsided on the entire Chin hills front south east of Imphal capital of Indias Manipur state and one of the main objectives of the Japanese invasion forces There was no new word however on the progress of fighting further north in the Somra hills and the lower Naga hills where several enemy col nnns had driven to within slrik ng distance of Kohima and had JURY BEGINS TO WEIGH CHAPLIN FATE AT TRIAL Judge Gives Jurors Choice of 4 Verdicts in Mann Act Case Los Angeles federal court jury of 7 women and men retired Tuesday to consider its verdict in Charlie Chaplins Mann Act trial Under its instructions as given y U S District Judge J F T Connor any one of 1 verdicts possible guilty on both of 2 ount suilly on the first and in ocent on the second innocent on ers struck at the Anzio port area ing 26317 known and presume Monday night and 2 were blasted out of the skies by allied anti aircraft gunnersThere was no word on the results of the attack Scattered patrol clashes were reported along the beachhead but no major ground fighting de veloped and the opposing battle lines remained unchanged Spokesman at 5th army heacl qu art ers meanwhile revealed that Italian paratroopers wearing German uniforms had been iden tified on the beachhead front ap parently moved in to replace the heavy casualties suffered by the nazis in their 3 costly and unsuc cessful attempts to drive the la licd invaders into the sea The fascist troops were under stood to have been broken up into small units and placed individu ally between German soldiers in the front lines cut the ImphalKohima highway at least temporarily PUSH DEEP INTO RUMANIA GUNS GET IASI RANGE Soviet Forces Drive Closer to Lwow and Tighten Arc on Odessa 14 More Nippon Ships Sunk by American Subs Washington of 14 more Japanese vessels by American submarines was re ported by Ihe navy Tuesday bringing to 607 the number of enemy craft destroyed by under sea boa Is The ships included in the bag by American submarines were 2 medium tankers 11 medium cargo vessels and 1 small cargo vessel They brought to 517 the num ber of Japanese craft of all types sent to the bottom by the thrusting deep into Humaniu London Iff Russian armies are pounding rapidly crumbling axis defense lines on widely separated sectors of the eastern front Moscow announced Tues ranging American submarines In addition scores of Japanese ships particularly in the cargo carrying classification have been omitted recently from submarine damage i totals which now list onlv the he first and Kiiilty on the second numbcl ot ships definitely sunk secretary said JSnoxalso readJapanese prapa ganda assertions that 2 American cruisers had been sunk and 2 battleships and an aircraft carrier damaged by Japanese planes He gave no credence to the reports which he read with a chuckle and continued to read to the press con ference a Japanese propaganda as sertion that although our force inflicted considerable heavy dam age on the enemy we must note that the enemy still possesses con siderable strength and we must maintain more speed dead and 3097 internees RCAF Age Maximum Is Lowered to 28 Ottawa age maximum for royal Canadian airforce aircrews has been reduced to 28 the government announced Thursday Previously the limit was 33 except for air gunners whose top was 38 A spokesman said youth has the advantage in high altitude combat work and the supply of crews has reached such proportions that the RCAF can afford to be choosey DESTROYED BY FIRE Wyoming horses and 7 head of cattle burned to death Monday in a fire at the Clarence Brist farm near here An auto Thieves Take and 7000 Food Points Buffalo Puzzler Des Moines Comp troller C Fred Porter in a memorandum addressed to heads of state departments indicated its hard to believe That state employes on expense accounts must pay i5 cents for lunch and 3125 for supper where the highest priced meal at any place in town is only 75 cents That such employes are always away from home for lunch and HflTOLLS UNDER AMERICAN FLAG Only Jaluit in West Marshalls Held by Japs IF S Pacific Fleet Headquar ters Pearl Harbor atolls in the central Pacific Mar Islands almost the entire western half were under the American flag Only Jaluit atoll remains in Japanese hands in the western half of the croup and that is sur rounded Wotje Maloclan ami Mil in the eastern string are the only important atolls still held by the enemy Adm Chester W NimiU an nounced that 10 more atolls had been cleared of Japanese with lit tle or no resistance These arc Ujae Lae Lib Namu Ailinglapa lap Namorik Ebon Kill Arno and Bikini Most of these atolls were tak en without resistance he said Light opposition encountered on the others was quickly overcome We took some prisoners American troops previously had taken Kwajalein Eniwetok and Wotho in the Ralik Sunset chain of atolls and Majuro in the Raciak ml innocent on both The first count involves the 1 ranspovtation of Joan Berry the ometlians former protegee lo I ew York City in 1912 for alleg edly immoral purposes and the ccond is based on her return I ourney 1o Los Angeles Conviction on both counts would nvolve a maximum penalty of 310000 fine and 10 years impris onment Judce OConnor instructed the jury that it should find Chaplin guilty if it decides he caused Miss Berrys interstate transportation for immoral purposes or aided in such transportation with that in tent Conversely the judge declared it the jurors determine that the journey to or from New York as charged in the indictment was not for immoral purposes then there was no violation of the Mann Act even if an act ot sexual inter course took place between Chaplin and Miss Berry as an incident thereto If the intention referred to MANY BLOWS FALL ON TRUK 21 Raids on Stronghold in 4 Days Reported Pearl Harbor in tensification of the assault on Trnl and other Japanese bases in the Carolines already under nilattack an average of 4 times a day loomed Tuesday Announcements were made here and at Gen Douglas MacArthurs icadquarlors in Australia of 2 more air raids on Truk and an other attack on Ponape boosting to 21 the number of raids on Ja pans Caroline island strongholds in the past 5 days Solomonsbased liberators from the south Pacific set fires visible to within artillery range of lasi driving closer to the important Polish stronghold of Lwow and tightening their siege arc on the Black sea port of Odessa At the same time the soviet high command announced that Marshal Zhukovs Ukraine army had killed or captured 2082l0 axis troons and was encirclingthe rem nants at 15 divisions near the bor dcrs of Germanoccupied Czecho slovakia and roland In a single 28 day period last month a special announcement said a total of 183310 Germans were killed and 241150 captured on a single front boosting lo 537 ItiO the number of German and satellite troops killed ov captured in Ihe great red army offensive which has all but cleared Russian dinner on Saturday when would be worked in Moines off work i f a state office they they DCS Sunrise chain Majuro was tak en without a fight on Jan 31 the same clay Americans landed on Kwajalein to meet stiff opposition Eniwetok was attacked Feb 17 and the unopposed occupation ot Wotho was announced March 12 Americanheld Majuro and Ar no arc adjacent atolls precisely between he Z chief bases re maining in Japanese hands Mil did not exist before the woman commenced her but was formed after reaching said state and thereafter an illicit relation ship was had a conviction inidci the act could not be had the judge stated in his 5500 word message to the jury Defining the provisions of the Mann act Judge OConnor said that the transportation of a woman in interstate commerce for immoral purposes is forbidden even if no commercial or profit motive exists The immorality denounced is lot limited to commercialized iice but includes the transpor tation for the purpose of engaging in any illicit relations with the persons transported he said The defendant is equally culp able whether the woman made the trips willingly or even sug gested or solicited such transpor tation he added for 50 miles in a dawn attack on the Truk naval base island of Dublon Saturday while other lib erators from the central Pacific followed through that night with soil ot the invaders Far behind the advancing red army lines Zhukovs forces were hunting down the remnants oE 15 divisions in the deeplyforested Skala area 20 miles north of the middle Dniester river Moscow said These axis troops the Russians declared originally formed part of 35 divisions and divisional groups which had been decimated or routed between March 4 and March 31 as the nazis fled across the lower Russian steppes before the victorious soviet advance Enormous stores of booty fell into Russian hands arid 2187 tanks b nms we tiestr0yea ol another raid on Ihe same objec JM lln pCTiod Uie nil live The raids were the 9th and I0th on Truk in the 5 days ended Sat urday Seventh air force Mitchell me dium bombers also from the cen tral Pacific made the 2lth raid of the war on Ponape in tiic eastern Carolines Saturday starting fires among barracks and in the area used for servicing planes It ts no issue in whether the woman this case was or was not of chaste character whether she was previously moral or immoral is outside the issues of this case The judge also that it is not relevant whether or not thy woman is accompanied by the defendant That breakfast lunch and din anil Maloclap both of which have Judge OConnor cautioned ncr cost exactly the same price This could be possible but it docs not look right the comp troller commented IOWAN IS KILLED Lenox Tepley fann er near Clearfield was killed in a truck collision near here Mon day Tepleys truck loaded ivith livestock he was taking to a sale and a oil truck owned by the R E U S Britain Seek to Stop Portuguese Shipments to Nazis WASHINGTON of State Hull said Tuesday this government has been working with Great Britain for some time to prevail on Portugal to stop wol fram shipments to Germany Hull made this disclosure when asked at his press conference about a declaration in the British house of commons that Portugal is continuing to ship the strategic ore from which tungsten is made to the nazis Portugals neigh bor Spain has cut its exports of wolfram pending negotiations with the United States and Brit ain The allied request for an em bargo on the exports is the main point in the discussions with Spain Hull said the Spanish talks arc continuing who entered Fred Klincks gro cery store Monday made sure they would eat well for some time to took not only S100 in mobile the barn a hog house and cash but also 4000 red and 3000 buildings were located across the blue food ration points police rc Spurrier companj and both vehicles overturned road from Uie house airstrips Invasion of the Marshalls which cover hundreds of square miles roughly 2500 airline miles south west of Hawaii followed the bloody conquest of the Gilbert is lands immediately to the south east The Gilberts were secured on Nov 23 and on Jan 31 Ameri can troops established beachheads on Kwajalcin after months of softeningup bombing raids 4316 Jap Planes in Flight Downed by U S Since Start of War the the question of his citizenship Chap lin is a British subject or consid j jury against considering Enters Innocent Plea When Arraigned at Humboldt on Murder lliimbolclt fPi Arraigned in district court here Monday Ron ald J Acklancl 21 entered a plea of not guilty to murder in connec tion with the slaying March 12 of his farm employer Lester H GUI dings 48 prominent Humboldt county farmer Judge F M Hud son ordered Ackland held without nonncemenl added In the center of the 450 mile southern front Marshal Ivan S Koncvs second army surging across the Rumanian plains from the Prut river boundary but the 50 mile stretch of railway linking lasi and Durnhoi at the town of Dcusrcni 25 miles southwest of Dnrohoi the Russian communi que said Other columns raced on to storm Kerpitsy nine miles north of lasi placing that important rail center within imminent danger oC capture and opening a path to Galati and the Danube river delta 120 miles to the south Still oilier forces were converging on Kishinev capital of Bessarabia Tlic Moscow radio meanwhile called on the Rumanian people lo abandon tiic Germans and ot once Recorded by the London Daily Mail the broadcast warned Un less you do so the whole of your country will become a battlefield alul villages a mi li A m man rtuujtt t j MI twiirnuj i i ering the paternity suit Joan has chargng hm with murder i outh was not represents pending against him in the civil courts It will be your duty to put aside any such matters and decide the issues involved here solely from the evidence as relates to the charges contained in the Indictment he said The judge said that if a witness is shown to be false in one part of his testimony he is lo be dis trusted in others that is lo soy you may reject the whole testi mony of a witness who wilfully has testified falsely as to a ma terial point unless you believe that the preponderance of truth 1 favors his lestimonv in other par WashiiiKlon 01 i liri K he Navy Knox reported day that American navy and ma rine aviators and antiaircraft crews have shot out of the air i 1316 Japanese airplanes since the j war started j He emphasized at a press con Mason City Fair and continued cold Tuesday night lowest tem perature 22 Wednesday fair and not quite so cool in afternoon Iowa Mostly fair Tuesday nigh and e d n e s d a y Warmer Wednesday and in northwes portion Tuesday night Minnesota Mostly fair Tuesday and Wednesday Warmer Wed nesdayand in northwest por lion Tuesday night IN MASON CITY GiobeGazctle statistics bail for trial at the May term wnA court Acklancl was arraigned i ilcll ot after County Attorney Franklin In New York federal coinmu Jaciua tiled a county attorneys nicalions monitors recorded a broadcast iUunday night from the Bulgarian home radio which re ported an Istanbul dispatch as saying that Rumanian soldiers are deserting by the thousands and are buttling German detach ments sent lo hunt them down There was no allied confirmation of this report In the drive on Lwow in old Poland far to the northwest the Moscow bulletin said Zhukovs rislil wins captured more than 80 localities including three district information against the youth The cd by ounsel and Judge Hudson ap ointed Fred C Gilchrist Jr ot as his attorney French CLEAN UlAFTER GERMAN BOMBING OP troops clean up debris at an American evacuation hospital at the front on the Italian Anzio beachhead after a German bombing attack which killed 2 persons and wounded 56 W FORECAST fercncc that the total docs not include the many enemy planes destroyed on the ground or on carriers by American bomber and fighter planes It is impossible he said to es timate the number of enemy planes caught on the ground and strafed or bombed by American flyers Compared with the enemy loss es in combat he said the Ameri can total of planes shot out of the air is 921 or a ratio of 4 Japanese ships destroyed in combat for every American plane shot down Secretary of War Stimson an nounced last Thursday that the army air forces destroyed 9463 enemy planes in the air and 1579 on the ground in 1943 while los ing 2809 of its own in aerial combat and 76 on the ground Maximum Monday Minimm Monday night At 8 anx Tuesday YEAH AGO Maximum Minimum 35 32 I PANGBOKN IS DIVORCED Itcno Xcv Paiig orn first nonstop transpacific Iyer and now an RAF captain divorced here Monday by Iwana Beaucaire former star The divorce ifiiiii SIM 11 centers These were Lopatin cton was based on a charge of 3 of Lwow Gorok separation Fhcywere mar hov g mics Dc ied in England in 193n REDS SWEEP 0 N W A R forces continued Tuesday with their sweep into Rumania on a vast front ;