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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 4, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME 700 Am hrnmww Pizarro Was lr UN CUT THE BRIGHT THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS SPOT FJLSCQRES ITAJMATTACHE another of a series if articles wntteii by Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for Inter national Peace XUMBEll 22 By U EARL HALL LITUA Francisco J famous or infamous Span ish conquistadovc depending on your viewpoint was city plan ner of exceptional talent is a faei verifiable on alt hands as one travels about this Peruvian capital ciiy with a popula tion of almost a half million In the gener al situation there wa s a first regard to the problem of irrigation from the Andean mountains close soywaaXt EARL HALL tued harbor which became Callao Ihc lay of the was ideal for a city Broad streets and avenue radi ate from a system of contra i plazas In this as in the case of our own national capital city thought obviously was directed to the military defense aspect of the problem And Pizarro planned it this way Pictures at various public places in the city show the be wnjskered conqueror participating m theieligious ceremony incident to naming the city and laying th first stone All that has happened in the four centuries sincethat dav in January ot 1535 lias beei accord Ing to the blueprints prepared by this amazing Spanish swineher der vho wrote an unbelievable chapter of world history after h had reached the age of 60 The most imposing edifice in Lima unquestionably js enormous cathedral established a year after the city found ed Although it has KOIIC through literally scurcs of earthquakes one of the worst about two years ago it is re markably preserved in both ils buff colored stone exterior and Its vaulted interior An important consecration ser vice was under way when Our parly visited the church It was presided over by Perus arch bishop and was participated in by other high prelates Britain was represented by its minister and United States was represented by a highranking tache Other impressive buildings vis ited during our conducted tour of Santiago included Congressional palace a modern structure of classic design where the loiise of deputies and the I senate convene It was in thv j former auditorium that the pani American conference of five years ago attended by President i Roosevelt was held Presidential palace nearby with more ot the Roman influ ence than Spanish influence in its architecture Uniformed sentry men in large numbers guarded all entrances Old senate building with a his tory closely linked with the days BULGARS TELL NATIONALS TO QUIT COUNTRY Turks Bolster Their Defenses as Pact With Serbs Is Rumored embassy at Occupants of Plane Which Crashed Safe VERO BEACH flu Pi Spared through a terrifying skv storm and a swamp crackup fa men and women rested Friday while officials sought i learn just how and why an eastern nil line plane dropped down in a marshland Thursday The stnrmbrcd neartragedy lore the shiny aircraft hut look no lives and apparently brought dangerous injuries onlv to the pilot Even he was expected to sur vive to give investigators what liiey so seldom full storv of the man at the controls when disaster slaps at a transport plane All those who lived to tell their stories of swift danger hardship and heroism were being denied personal visitors Friday but con firess and the civil aeronautics board moved swiftly to capitalize on this rare opportunity to learn of trouble in the pre sumably much like that which in the past has smashed planes to the ground leaving none to report or point remedies Three CAA investigators started questioning passengers late Fri day morning Pilot Gerald OBrien guided the 21passenger Douerlas piane to a nghtsidcup landing in a pond about 9 a m ESD Thursday and the 13 passengers andcrew of three huddled in waistdeep water until long aft er dark when rescuers finally reached the scene six miles from the nearest highway and a mile from the closest dry land His chest crushed anda legin jured perhaps OBrieiiTbf Miami insisted upon remaining with his ship until every one eise was ferried out of the marsh and r rW l medical care One passcnccr to leave Belgrade after 7 p m A G Mclntyrc of West pShn ordered out by gendarmes Beach an EAL employe stayed The Jugoslav general staff rushed with him fortfication of the strategically imi portant Vydar Valley Friday We got caught in a terrific awaiting thc dice to fall for j OBrien said I foLijih it some time 1 kept Irving u el out of Then we dropped 2500 fcct before I could catch it Then I looked for a likely place to HOME Dispatches from Berlin Friday iiijrlit sail Ihe nazi forces in Bulgaria and Rumania were ready for action ami a German Ihrust into Die Balkans against Greece or Jugoslavia or both appeared to be rapidly ap proaching BULLETIN ISTANBUL Turkey Turkey steadily increased de fense preparations Friday as persistent rumors circulated fiat a mutual Uctense alliance of r u r k c y Jugoslavia and Greece with British backing was being considered BELGRADE f7TDe Jugoslav government early Friday ujriu ordered railroads restricted exclu sively to the use of the army Every man capable of usinir a rifle rcsardless of his military training was beinjr mustered into the army At the same time Germanoccu pied Bulgaria ordered all her nationals to quit Jugoslavia Sat oxoaus or Germans IN and Italians already has been in progress for several days The Bulgarians will have to so by automobile unless the overn ment decides to put a train at their legations disposal gers who filled a train scheduled of the inquisition Impressive home Spanish viceroy for built by a halfbrced mistress of whom he became en amoured After lie was recalled to Spain she entered a convciu and achieved sainthood Men tioned il Thornton Wil d e r s Bridsc of San Luis Key A principal avenue bears the name of Woodrow Wilon and the evidences arc many that 1resii lent Franklin D Roosevelt s lands well in Peru fi Marks of the most recent coast al earthquake arc p ronou n ccd in Lima but it was the port city of C a 1 1 a o only 8 miles west that bore the brunt of t h c catastrophe All debris has been removed bu scores of the damaged buildings nave not yet been repaired Automobiles a 1 1 American made are numerous in both Lima and Callao Different from Pan ama motorists drive on the right side of the street Stop signs are virtually nonexistent and the reckless abandon with which our driver approached blind crovsing causcd one Iowa editors hair to turn Ihice shades Rraycr In sav nothing of adding wrinkles to forchcad peace or wai More men were beingcalled to the colors and hurried to the de fense ot key railheads A nilimportant cabinet ses sion which was to have been fol lowed by Premier Gen Dusaii bimovics loneawaited declara tion of foreign policy was post poned The delay followed the arrival of the Croat peasant party leader Vladmir Macek in Belgrade where he took oath of office as vicepre mier He talked at length with Momt cralo Amcic foreign minister over efforts to preserve peace and then went to a conference with Croat members of the cabinet Macek de clared Thursday he was joining the government in the hope peace could be preserved It was said the declaration of Jugoslav policy in response lo a German demand for ilaiifica liiii probably would he made Saturday Informed circles said any pre diction concerning the nature of the expected declaration would be put her down OBrien nncl Mclntyrc finally were brought to the hospital here about a m The pilot wrapped in a blanket was lifted I XVcIA UlltJQ into the building on a stretcher but Mclntyrc walked Asked what the passengers and crewmen did during thc Ions wait Mclntyre replied Weil we cMdnt sing We ate a little mefba toast There was something to do all the time taking care of thc in jured Thecaptain was pretty badly bunged up and we were helping take care of him OBrien was conscious and smiled as he was taken inside Occupanls were taken o hospi tals here nnd at Forl Picnt Sev eral were allowed to uo to a First lirniiKht to safely were Dr George W Crile eminent Cleveland physician ant his wife Dr Cdlc had a broken rib and was bruised His wife was cheerful despite thc shock and a bruised ey OFFICEBUILDING FOR IOWA GETS OKAY OF HOUSE Measure Providing for Structure Passed DES MOINES The 1 o a house Friday added its approval to the maybe slate otfice building projcci Passed by a TG In 20 vote Ihe measure provides Ihal Ihc final decision as lo the wisdom of imttinff up such a structure in these troublous times tic vested in a joint committee composed of six legislators and the five members of the coun cil The measure now must return to the senate tor concurrence in minor amendments Supporters of the idea told the house thit the stale now is paying S95000 a year rent for office space in downtown Dos Moincs build ings They called the present ar rangement inconvenient imecoi nomical and The put uji a lively batlle against the building wiiicli would foe placed on the capitoi grounds dere The way has beei greased for this thing declared Rep Herman W Walter RConncil in the last few years we have seen a great increase in state bu reaus and commissions By this bill we arc admitting that we cannot get alongwiUioul ttiem Walter also said that the state before long probably will be called upon to contribute 000 000 to matching funds from the federal government for certain purposes He did not disclose what those purposes were nor the basis of his statement The 0 who voted no on the I bill were A rani Colliiirn Conner Halt Hcrmscn Hutchison Johannes Keeney raullus Piepcr Prcnijs Iosloii Kccd Staiiek stinemates Thompson v a u Uosterhoul Walter of IMarshall and Waller of Pottawaltamie The bill provides that the SI 650000 be taken out of the sur plus accumulated in the state gen eral fund Slate oofficials have estimated that nest egg as cur rently totaling 58000000 The lieutenant governor would appoint three senators and the speaker would name three house members to constitute the legisla Fists Fly at Ford Plant Use of A rmy AXIS PROTESTS ARE REJECTED WASHINGTON Urn cd AutomobUc Workers uniuu stivers ruined blows on this man who shielded Himself with his coat ami arms in an outbreak of hostilities outside the Ford Uiver Rouge plant at Dearborn Mich Meamvhilc union representatives Ford officials and a federal con scuicmcnt Senate Committee Approves Extension of Soft Coal Act Would Have tive watchdog committee As amended in the house a total of six favorable votes in the joint committee of 11 would be re go ahead signal the quired before the could be given in awarding construction contracts The legiilaiive committee would required ID hold iis first mcel iiiK with ihc executive council May 12 Measure Expired on April 26 Extended Two Years WASHINGTON sen ate intertatc commerce commit tee approved Friday legislation which would extend for two years 11itul the bituminous coal act otherwise I llcusury scheduled to expire April 2K TMajorily Leader Barkley D Ky had announced earlier that he would ask for unanimous consent lo bring lie measure before thc senate Friday after noon Thc committee was told that both operators and labor wanted the legislation disposed of as an Hiclcss tinre wen sirs of a legislative tugofwar ahvad for i tin joint conference committcp which will trv to compose Ihc differences of Ihe two cham bers Despite 111 impassioned plea by Taft fROhio against ids and increasing nonfeiivc lie senate rejected G to fl an attempt to re duce the fund for farm parity payments from S150000000 lo the S2IL000OOU voted by the house and recommended Ulent liooseveHx biidsci Hitler May Be Forced Into Fight DICUTIT MACKENZIE Foreign News Analyst The way thinas stand today in the Balkans if Hen Hitler il tacks Jugoslavia it will mean thai lie finally feels compelled to em bark on a major operation instead I of the comparatively restricted j nifcnsive originally contemplated I in an assault on litlle Greece One or the biggest battles Ihc nazi chief has waged thus far lias been In avoid just such a major engagement 011 the ncn nisula since il would he uounii to open up a new big arfronl against him Now his hand has been forced If and whim lie sirikcs at JUKO slavia it will be with Ilic full knowledge that it will be almost impossible to avoid a general Bal kan conflagration This might be come he main land opcratfGu of the war and in any event would compel him to undertake a fresh military task at i moment when ic needs all his resources fov his blitzkrieg against the British Isles Each day adds to the probabil ity that the Jugoslavs will fight to the death Ui protect their inde pendence The biggest news since youns King Peter took lead ot the government that defied Hitler came Thursday in the announce ment thai Vladimir Macek loader of the Croat autonomist liad de cided lo buy the hatchet with the Serbs and become vice premier of the government The bitter strife between these two wellnigh irreconcil able croups wilhin Jugoslavia was being exploited by the axis m hones that the country might be so far divided against itself as o fall Now tlut chance lias liccii vastly reduced The press campaign in Ger many against Jugoslavia js ct tmg hot and bears all the ear marks of previous propaganda which lias been Ihe forerunner of invasion Slill the fuehrers intcn tions cant be gauged by j The press atlBck is calcubted 1 not only t prepare for possible military action but to weaken the morale of the Jugoslavs and brin them to terms without fighting It aid in settling the industrys cur rent wage dispute Thc house has already approved the legislation and the commit tee rccommcnedd no amendments Dr aide Daniel P Quiring at the Cleveland 1VILSOX pure guesswork because the gov ernment itself had not reached a final conclusion but a scries of new defense measures prepared the country for the worst A communique announced that Belgrade and the populous north ern centers of Zagreb and Ljublja na would be proclaimed open and undefended cities in the event of war llelgrade Ihc national capital scarcely SO miles from the Ru manian frontier where German mechanized unils and warplancs have been reporled massing was Iilackcdoiil for Ihc first lime Thursday night in a halfhour emergency air raid drill Allnight blackouts were staged in various communities in ihc strategic Vardar Valley probable route of any German thrust toward Greece and instructions were is sued to residents in all danger spots telling them how to behave m a real air raid British circles were silent on their probable course of action in event the Germans invaded Jugo slavia but a Berlin spokesman Jures or only said Thursday Germany was i bruises were E Criies clinic earned thc praise of thc passen gers for moving about the plane and giving first aid treatment dc spite thc handicap of a dislocated 1 shoulder I Mrs lames M Jr Of Miami Bench daushterinlnv of newspaper Publisher James M Cox former democratic prcsiden I lial nominee escaped without in jury nnd did her part in hclpin i thc others j More seriously injured were Harry K Post of Miami Springs whose broken leg stayed under i water during the long hours i Copilot B M Crabtrcc of Miami with a broken leg and lacerations about thc head and Stewart Albert Martin of Miami who was badly cut f Those who bad either minor in II1T100 1 Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Mostly cloudy Friday night and Saturday lit tle snow or drmlc Friday night lowest temperature VI IOWA Mosfly cloudy occasional light rain or drizzle south central and southeast snow or northeast Fri day nijjht Saturday partly cloudy with rising temperature west cloudy east occasional ISht rain or drizzle extreme cast in morninc A proposal to give consumers wholesale cooperatives the same discount at mines as is allnvcd Jollier wlKjICfiilcrs defeated in j a vniie vote Under he act the ei nmcut j establishes minimum prices for the sale of coal at the mines thc price hcins to the avcraffc cost of production la bor Barkley told reporters he was aware of no opposition lo ex tension of lhc acl but that con troversy over Proposed amend menls might delay enactment Unless the measure is approved by the scnale without amend ment it mist so liaek lo the house which will be in recess until April 14 The senate put in a busy voting US RESTRAINS CIO UNIONISTS DETROIT federal court order restrained CIO unionists j I from iiiicrfcrins with employes critLriiiK nr Icaviii h strike f brjimd plan of the Ford i Jlotor cnnipiiny Friday bin a I Ford spokesman aid tic comj pany tleliiiitfly will keep its agreement with Governor Van I Wagoner not to open the plant during mediation efforts Thc Ford petition for the ini junction has stated that if the in junction wis issued the company can resume normal operations forthwith United StTios District vrthiir Turtle declined morning to accept an oral motion ibv attorneys to dismiss his SI 711 odcr time was set I lot presentation ol a written mo aware Britain had concentrated a considerabe number of troops in Greece near the Jugoslav border Fortytwo members of the German legation staff left Bel grade just before midnight on orders from Berlin leaving bc Imid only the charge daffaires a military attache and two assist ants German circles have predicted that nazi troops could occupy Bel grade a city cf 270000 within 4R hours after ulssing the frontier scratches and W Hagstater Axel Wcnner inursciay voting si 6 714 for thc bigRest aKiicnlturalapnioL01 ol a priation bill in history raiifyinq itl0 a reciprocal defense pact with tlllcs Goodman Mexico which will permit L S c stniin LlO un mtlifi ntt I IllOllOU wllnll Iarily cloudy to cloudy Friday iiijjhl and SaturI V day occsional lifiht snow or I lsry Plafs sc al drizzle southeast Friday nielif lhc trande and pro rising temperature southwest V 0dllio1i1 S130000000 l lor defense housing projects i motion when made j subpenas lor Henry Ford and for Harrv Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics chief engineer of WCnner Gren s yacht Southern Cross Mrs Margaret Alien of Miami Beach George Shaw of Memphis Ber tram Strook address unknown Mrs Margaret Graham of New York E V Caulfield of Norfolk va and Mrs AlimoYic Green of Raleigh N Car When thc ship failed to Daytona Beach on time an in tensive search was started whch ended near dusk Thursday nilit with the shilling of nc wreckage by EAL Pilot Don Johnston Maximum Tiiursday Minimum in night At 8 a m Friday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 32 01 Forti personnel director The farm bil went through with a relieved chorus of ayes from farmmiiKicd senators and was sent back to the house for con sideration of of in creases Senator Russell IGa floor manager for tlic supply hilt in the senate said the lopheavy senate votes ough to convince the house of the justice of even one of tlcse increases Xcvcr See Sports Page Iowas AllState Basketball Players Selected From High Schools By Poll of Coaches Officials EASTER SUNDAY APRIL 13 7 Shopping Days Left niuu v II clocsn t necessarily mean that the nazis plan 0 attack immediately or at all for that matter 1 One would expect Hitler to be rushing more troops and equip ment to the Balkans if he ion templates this major offensive He is supposed o have had be tween 500000 and tiOOOOO ef fectives in Rumania and Bul ffaria for the drive against Greece He needs more llian that for the present situation R AJFTstrikes at Axis Forces in North Africa ISv ASSOCIATED JKESS As the world awaited Fiidav the next development in tlic tense Balkan stUiaiion the battle be tween the British and the ixis continued at a fast pace on other fronts Thc KAT lias struck hack fiercely at German and Italian forces moving un the Mediter ranean roast in Libya Italian Nortli Africa thc middle easl licadimartcrs sakt Tiic axis loric es timated at two divisions or about 20000 men had driven the British back 180 miles lYoni the most ad vanced point of thc British inva sion of Libya thc KAF struck Bomber aircraft of RAF made a heavy attaik oti enemy motor transport couvovs in the Bennett j Mcrsa Brcsa area of TripoliUmia during the iiishl of April the RAF Allci dropping bombs which were seen to burst among the ve hicles letting 1 number on fire our aircraft descended lo low al titude and stopped several more vehicles by macbincsun fire A successful bombing raid was also carried out on Tripol Mcrsa Brega is about 150 miles south of Bengasi from which the British have retired ItJics northeast of El Aghcila which was thc most advanced pont of the British Libyan dri Derna 224 miics lo thc east or Bengasi was said by military ex perts to be a logical base for a i British stand Meanwhile nearly jll ot Italian Action Necessary to Protect Vessels in U S Harbors Axis Told BULLETIN WASHINGTON fPl The United Stales has made repre sentations to the German for eign office against the arrcsl of Stewart Herman an employe of tlic American embassy in Ber lin saying U took place with out prior otification or ex planation to the embassy WASI11NGTON Uiosevelt pinned responsibility for widespread sabotage directly on the Italian naval attache Friday and Secretary Hull curtly rejected axis protests against American seizure of M German and Italian ships II seems lo have liecn proven Sir Roosevelt tolil his press conference that a great deal if sabotage of Italian merchant men was on order of Admiral Jloberto Luis Lais immediate recall was demanded Thursday Asked to comment on this de mand the president said the newspaper had all the facts He then added that thc sabotage was of course illesal and only one course was open In rejecting the protests Hull dismissed Germanys conception of treaty obligations in the seiz ures as unthinkable for any civilized nation The state department chief in notes to the German and Italian embassies also declined an Ital ian request for information as to what was to become of the ships and their all t75 men and iO vessels He merely told the embassy thai appropriate aiitlmritics were considering this ant that action would he determined in the light of tlic law and thr pertinent fails Thc ships were taken into cus tody under m antisabotage law and Germany had protested that this violated both international lav and a GermanAmerican treaty Hull retorted that international law did not permit acts of de struction in disregard of local law and that there nothing in the treaty which lends even color of support to thc German thesis H would indeed be unthink able he said that any civilized nation would become a party to a treaty containing any such pro vision or that it would subscribe to any socalled principle of in ternational law which would per mit foreign vessels to be brought K itsharbors and roadsteads and thte willfully damaged and wrecked in violation of The xlaic Iriiartmcnt made public noles reiilyiiiB to Ihr two protcsls each rcieiveii from the German and Italian embassies which demanded release of the 2S Italian and two German ves sels seized last weekend Secrciary Hull in rejecting these demands promised to com municate further with the axis embassies when investigation of other phases of their complaint is completed counsel for n said the would ask and Edsel H Krirca Artdis sides ill UrUish Bluntly Secretary Hull pressed surprise at the extreme assertions and demands and de clared Die German embassy had failed to support its contentions of violations of international law or a treaty of friendhip and com merce between tlic United States and Germany I know nf no principle nf international law Hull in formed thc German embassy which permits the masters or crews of vessels of a country which has sought refuse in or j entered Ihe porls of another country to commit acts of de struction in disregard of local law ami of the hospitality wliich they have been permitted to enjoy Libvan that thcic j was no provision in thc treaty i between our two countries which lends even color of support to any such argument i Hull added that auxiliary machinery in one of ttic Ger man ships was smashed and propclline machinery deliber ately wrecked If thc scuttlins and burning of ships in oilier harbors cf he added may be i e and i sardcd indicat eminent could expect this ;