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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 3, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LOT Associated Pros and United Press Full Leased wires Fixe Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 3 1947 This Paper Consists of Two One STo 149 LEWIS DEMANDS OUSTER OF KRUG SENATE GROUP VOTES PLAN TO AID COUNTRIES Foreign Relations Body Strengthens UN Role in Trumans Program Washington UR The senate foreign relations committee Thurs day unanimously approved Presi dent Trumans pro gram to aid Greece and Turkey after moving to strengthen the United Nations role in the plan Mr Trumans plan to try to quarantine communism in the near east was approved after members wrote into the bill an amendment by Committee Chair man Arthur H Vandenberg to em power the United Nations to call a halt in the program Vandenbergs move would waive exercise of the U S veto power in the security council and authorize that body or the UN general as sembly to call a halt in the pro gram Under the amendment the American program would be ter minated whenever the president was officially notified that the se curity council or the general as sembly finds that action taken or assistance furnished by the United Nations makes continuation of the U S aid unnecessary The move was aimed to fore stall a barrage of criticism that the UN was being bypassed in the American effort to strengthen the noncommunist governments of Greece and Turkey The bill now goes to the senate floor where debate is expected to start on Monday The revised Vandenberg amend ment contained a startling de parture in this major nations re lations with the UN It was the first time a major power has waived exercise of its security council veto prerogative Under the revised Vandenberg amendment the security council would have to take an affirmative action in order to stop this coun trys program Russia could veto such affirmative action But Rus sias veto power could not be ex ercised alone to cut off the Amer ican program Western Auto Strike at Cedar Rapids Ends Bus Drivers Still Out Cedar Rapids 5months old strike of 4 clerks and one serv ice employe of the Western Auto stores here came to an end Wed nesday night while the striking AFL bus drivers union announced that its members will not return to work until a contract is signed Following a short meeting the first since the strike began Tues day between union and Cedar Rapids city lines representatives Wednesday afternoon Robert Stack International union repre sentative announced that We feel we should have a contract before the men go back on the job Postpone Trousers Sale Washington war as sets administration postponed Thursday the sale of some 000 of surplus unused winter trousers The sale had been sched uled to run from early this month to April 30 The new dates are from April 25 to May 15 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and rather mild Thursday night and Fri day with occasional showers Lowest temperature Thursday night about 44 Iowa Cloudy and rather mild Thursday night and Friday Showers extreme west portion spreading eastward Thursday night and covering most of slate Friday Low Thursday night 42 to High Friday 52 to 54 Minnesota Occasional showers most of state Thursday night and Friday except changing to snow flurries northwest por tion Friday somewhat wanner east and central portions Thurs day night colder northwest and extreme west portion Friday IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statislics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 43 Minimum 33 At 8 a m Thursday 36 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 61 38 Senate Near Showdown on Lilienthal Washington resident Trumans senate lieutenants checked the membership roll name by name Thursday in prep aration for a vote they expect to spell defeat or victory in their drive to confirm David E Lilien thal as chairman of the atomic energy commission That a motion to send the nomination back to committee set for 4 p m Thursday by unanimous consent of a senate thoroughly saturated with 7 days of more or less con tinuous debate The chamber put in an 11 hour and 22 minute session Wednesday which kept merribers at their desks until nearly midnight The administration made no at tempt to minimize the importance of the recommittal motion offered by Senator Bricker Monday Its objective is lo permit an FBI check of Lilienthal and the 5 other atomic setup nominees and a fur ther committee quiz into the peo ple the commission members have hired since they took over their posts under recess appointments last winter before congress con vened Adoption of the motion would be tantamount to defeat of David Lilienthal a highly placed strate gist in close touclj with the white house told a reporter At the same time he said he believed that Lilienthals support ers could muster a margin of 2 or 3 votes on the decisive roll call Such a close estimate of the final tally obviously meant the outcome was in doubt Lilienthals they include 3 of the senates republican big were sparing no effort in their last minute effort to switch com mitments One of the loudest trumpets in the Lilienthal band was awaiting the signal to solo The performer Senator Arthur Vandenberg R president pro tempore of the senate chairman of its for eign relations committee and for eign policy adviser to the admin istration Wednesday nights session found nerves on edge and exaggerated the divergence between senators convictions As 2 republican senators Wher ry and Morse emerged from the chamber they engaged in a heated discussion and turned abruptly apart Mt Clemens Dismissal Wont Affect Portal Pay Measure Says Gwynne Washington John W Gwynne RIowa says portal pay legislation will not be affected by the motion for dismissal of the appeal in the Mt Clemens case at Cincinnati Gwynne who sponsored the houseapproved Gwynne bill said I wouldnt think that would make any difference in the bill congress passes Its the supreme court decision in the Mt Clerrv ens case that still creates a threat to American industry We still have just as much need for the bill Different bills outlawing portal lawsuits have been approved by the house and senate A house senate conference committee has started writing a compromise measure DEGAULLE BACK TO POLITICS Communist Party Is Alarmed by Return Paris UR Gen Charles de Gaulle returned from retirement to the French political arena Thursday and the powerful com munist party reacted in sudden alarm to his emergence At an incredible meeting with Premier Paul Kamadier Monday night deGaulle left no doubt that he was back in politics and swing ing at the shaky coalition cabinet When his intentions became clear the communist party an nounced a mass demonstration Thursday night at the Palais des Sports to protest the attempted seizure of power by one deGaulle All party members were asked to attend in the interests of the defense of the republic Ramadier alarmed by deGauHes attack on the govenment in a Bruneval speech last Sunday asked the wartime leader of the Free French to visit him in Paris DeGaulle did not appear Rama dier motored to his home 130 miles from Paris for the prece dentshattering discussion which might become a milestone in the history of the infant 4th republic The best commitment Ramadier could get was a promise by de Gaulle not to use his position as national hero to promote his op position to the government DeGaulle promised to divorce his politics from any appearances he makes in his role as wartime hero Ramadier told newsmen at a press conference that deGaulle intends making a number of speeches in the future They will express his personal convictions and the govenment has no inten tion of hampering him House Dean Nears 81 Washington Adolph J Sabath the alltime dean of the house will celebrate his 81st birth day Friday He is serving his 41st year as democratic representative of Illinois 5th district in the heart of Chicago Sabaths advice on both personal and political longev ity is to keep on working and dont take things too seriously Pacific Island Chain Is Put Under United States Control Lake Success N Y vast chains of Pacific islands where Japan mounted her attack against the United States officially went under American control Thursday through security council approval of a United Nations strategic area trusteeship Four hours after sthe unanimous council decision Wednesday night American Delegate Warren R Austin boarded a train for Washington with the major victory in his pocket Austin won the significant triumph in a bitter round of closing debate where Soviet Andrei A Gromyko at one point abstained on a contested section rather than exercise the veto Commenting that this demon strates that the United Nations does work Austin took the re port to capitol hill where he was called before a house committee to testify on expenditures of llie American IS N delegation Aus tin likewise advised his old col leagues in the senate which must finally ratify the agreement but this was expected to be a routine step The agreement gives the United States sweeping rights amounting to virtual annexation under which the government may fortify the vital islands close them at will for security reasons and ban foreign aircraft As sole administering authority the United States also reserved the right to reject any modification or alteration of the terms This was the point where Gromyko raised his strongest objections contending that the council itself should hold such powers In the end the 16article docu ment rode through the council virtually without change from the version first made public by Pres ident Truman Covered in the agreement were all the former Japanese mandates including the Marshalls Marianas and Carolines which housed such wellknown war bases as Saipan Tinian Truk Kwajalein Eniwe tok and Majuro The 634 islands sparsely settled were described by Austin in debate as vital to the security of the United States Left outside the range of the terms were such islands as Iwo Jima Chichi Jima and Okinawa which were not League of Nations mandates Disposition of these is lands will be taken up at the Japa nese peace conference and there were indications that the United States would seek control of them through a U N agreement along the same lines AP Wlrenhoto FACTORY LEVELED BY a few scattered bits of charred wreckage remained after the Brown Manu facturing companys plant in Clinton Mo was completely destroyed by an explosion The concern manufactured fire works in the factory a 1story frame building 12 Employes Are Killed by Blast in Fireworks Factory Workers Were Making Toy BuzzBombers for 4th of July Sale Clinton Mo explosion and gunpowderfed fire destroyed a fireworks manufacturing plant Wednesday burning to death 12 of the 28 employes working in the one story frame building and in juring 3 Ten of the victims 4jed in the explosion and fire njfil 2 others died later in a hospital The workers were making toy buzz bombers in the Brown Manu facturing company for 4th of July sale Shortly after the blast the cause of which was not known flames were so intense that fire men were unable to get closer than 100 yards from the building The bodies were taken to the city hall where relatives came to make the identification Some of the victims were so badly burned identification was only possible through rings and other personal effects or through teeth C S Knoles a worker said the flames swept through the building in a matter of minutes Fred Baker the plant foreman told a coroners jury that workers attempting to escape were pre vented by a pile up at a small door I was outside at the time he said and saw smoke coming from the room in which Joe Herst was cutting wings for toy buzz bombs I rushed back into the room 1 went to a big sliding door but couldnt get it open so I went back outside and tried to get the door open from the outside A small door in the larger slid ing door was open but the work ers were so jammed in that small opening that they couldnt get out Clinton about 300 milessouth east of Kansas City has a popula tion of 6000 The dead were identified as Roy Burnsidcs 62 Frank Chanslor 58 J C Herst 62 J S Moyer 70 Mrs Edna Moyer 54 wife of J S Moyer George C Tally 60 Mrs Lillian Shepard 55 Lydia Crockett 50 W H Bel ton 59 Harry t Pogue 67 Mrs Hazel Shepherd and Mrs Morton John son 51 All lived in Clinton or Deepwater Mo Floyd Shepard a worker whose wife died in the fire told a re porter that she was being led from the building when she suddenly remembered her daughterinlaw was in the plant She cried Oh Hazel and ran back into the building Her body was found later in the debris The daughterinlaw Hazel Shepard was burned critically L W Brown who operated the firm said the plant began produc tion last July He estimated the amount of powder in the building at from 50 to 100 pounds and could give no reason for the explosion Wholesale Food Price Index Shows Decline New York Brad streets wholesale food price in dex dropped to in the week ended April 1 the lowest point since Feb 11 and a decline of 11 cents from the previous week A year ago the index stood at Items declining in the week in cluded flour wheat corn rye oats barley beef hams bellies butter cottonseed oil and steers The first commercial sulfur pro duction in modern times was in Sicily during the 15th century Ruhr Coal Industry at Standstill Because of MinersWalkout Essen Ruhrs giant coal industry came to an almost complete standstill Thursday as most of the areas 300000 miners ignored British appeals to remain on the job andt walked out in a demand for more food for their families Workmen at the mines in Dort mund and Hamborn who struck earlier in the week entered the pitsas usual however apparent ly satisfied with the part they had already taken in the demon stration Miners in the Cologne technically not part of the Ruhr on the job But re ports from throughout the Ruhr indicated that most of its 170 mines were idle in a ex pected to cause a loss in produc tion of half a million tons of bad ly needed coal In almost every mining drab Thursday in drizzling rain failed to show up on the an urgent re quest made by authorities in a radio broadcast in German Wednesday night The walkout order was issued by mine union leaders Wednesday at Bochum Youth Takes Couples Life Savings for Spree Chicago elderly couple reported they saved over a 22 year period to buy a home was missing Thursday and police said their 27 year old soninlaw related he took the cash for a oneday spree to know what it felt like to spend lots money The soninlaw Lawrence Kel ler was detained without charge Police Lt Thomas McLaughlin said Keller orally stated he took in currency and in government bonds Tuesday from a cedarchest in the home of his wifes parents John Kippes 62 a street car mechanic and Eliz abeth Kippes 60 Rule FBI Stock Cant Ease Diaper Shortage San Francisco diaper shortage in Dallas Center Iowa cannot be met by mail order from a stock of 10 dozen recovered by the FBI here along with other stolen property Federal Judge Michael J Roche Thursday displayed a letter from Mrs Dorothy Brown of Dallas Center asking him to lay aside 3 or 4 dozen diapers because Were almost desperate The judge said he couldnt fill the order because the diapers must be sold at auction from the postoffice steps in San Francisco SAME While lltf rnrtn no Irifflo duth putt 24 hoar period MINNESOTA IS SAFETY WINNER Takes 1 st Place for Midwestern States Chicago The state of Con necticut and the city of Washing ton D C were named Thursday as grand award winners in the 1946 national traffic safety con test conducted by the National Safety Council The grand awards were for doing the most that could be done practicably for traffic safe ty Connecticut had a mileage death rate of 49 deaths a 100000000 vehicle miles or about half the national rate Washington D C cut its traffic death toll from 7G in 1945 to 59 in 1946 Winners in 1945 were Iowa in the state classification and Wichita Kans in the cities divi sion In addition to Connecticut and Washington D C 3 states and 7 cities won divisional first place awards in geographical and popu lation groups The states were Texas in the southern division Minnesota midwcstern Washington western and Connecticut eastern Cities which won first place in their population groups were Memphis Tenn and San Diego Cal tied in the 200000500000 Omaha Nebr 100000 200000 Hamtramck Mich 50 000100000 Rochester Minn Logan Utah and Albert Lea Minn tied 10000 25000 Washington D C won first place among cities of 500000 or more in addition to winning the national grand award The contest judges cited other states and cities and named a spe cial honor roll of 153 cities with populations between 5000 and 10000 which went through 1946 without a traffic death Harvester Strike Notice Chicago 30day strike notice has been filed against the International Harvester company by the CIO Farm Equipmenl Workers on behalf of 30000 work ers in 10 plants The plants in clude 2 in the quad city area oi Davenport Iowa Rock1 Island Moline and East Moline 111 Molotov Hits British Aid to Dictators Moscow Foreign Minister V M Molotov accused British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin Thursday night of defend ing dictators and what Molotov called the kind of democracy they lave in Greece Bevin said he opposed any sys tem which tended to put a one party system into effect The exchange in the council of foreign ministers finally ended with smiles all around The argu ment came during a discussion of the kind of election system which should be set up in Germany and whether it should include as Mo lotov argued a proportional rep resentation system Secretary of Slate Marshall earlier circulated a paper among his colleagues saying the United States would be willing to con sider limited German reparations from current production but only if the allied powers agreed to leave in Germany a number of plants now earmarked for export as capital reparations Gen Lucius D Clay flew from Moscow back to Berlin and said there that all hope has been given up of reaching a settlement on reparations at this confer At the same time Marshall pro posed the compromise formula he reaffirmed in a paper circulated among Foreign Minister V M Molotov of Russia British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin and French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault that present demands to increase the reparations agreed upon at Potsdam cannot be considered by the United Stales This was a restalement of his qualified opposilion to Molotovs demand for over 20 years Marshalls new proposal which previously was taken up briefly in a secret session last Tuesday is based he said on the assumption that the German level of industry is to be raised and that plants now marked for reparations export can be used to boost the level The heart of the Marshall form ula was that the nations which would have received the plants should agree instead to receive an equivalent value in German rep arations There was no indication that the Marshall formula would be at all satisfactory to Russia It was a question whether it might provide a basis for further negotiations to break the reparations deadlock which was barring progress on all major issues 518 COAL MINES ARECLOSEDFOR SAFETY REASON UMW Chieftain Calk Interior Secretarys Sudden Order Belated Washington L Lew s Thursday denounced Secretary of Interior Krug as a dishonor able politician and demanded congressional action to oust him from office The United Mine Workers chief made his plea to a house labor subcommittee shortly after Krug ordered the closing of 518 gov ernmentoperated mines for safety reasons His action involves about 40000 miners who produce daily 350000 tons of soft coal Lewis called Krugs order be lated He said may God in heav en forgive him for not closing he pits before 111 miners died in a Centralia 111 mine explosion last week Lewis proposed that congress adopt a resolution calling on President Truman to remove Krug from office In addition he rec ommended that congress 1 Enact promptly legislation making it mandatory for federal mine inspectors to close pits found Hickenlooper Votes for Filibuster Curb Washington Hick enlooper RIowa voted Wed nesday in a senate rules commit tee meeting in favor of a proposal to change the rules so that a senate majority could stop a fili buster The proposal by Senator Know land RCal was voted down but the committee approved a rule letting a twothirds vote stop a filibuster at any time Present rules allow a two thirds vote to shut off debate on a bill or amendment but not on a motion or on siich subjects as approval of the senates Journal At the time of the Bataan sur render about 85 per cent of the American troops there had ma laria Government Studies Seizure Power in Telephone Dispute Washington attorneys disclosed Thursday that they are searching existing statutes to determine whether President Truman has authorily lo seize the telephone companies to avert a nationwide strike set for 6 a m Monday One lawyer said the study has centered on he federal communi cations act which he said gives the president certain powers to take over and utilize equipment in event of war The governments specific wartime seizure powers under the SmithConnally law expired last Dec 31 when Mr Truman pro claimed cessation of But he did not proclaim the end of the war That will be done only when all the peace treaties have been signed Technically were still at war the government attorney said He said the decision as to whether the government has any seizure power under the federal communications act is up to At torney General Tom C Clark FCC sources said no communi cations facilities ever have been taken over as result of a labor dispute Meanwhile the CIO told Chair man Fred A Hartley RN of the house labor committee that his bill to forestall he scheduled strike by federal injunction is blatant and open interference in a labor dispute on the side of employers Allan S Haywood CIO vice president and director of organ ization expressed CIO opposition to the measure in a letter to Hart ley The house labor committee ap proved the bill Wednesday bul there is little chance of congres sional action before the deadline for a nationwide telephone strike at 6 a m Monday The bill would give the president temporary au thority to seek a court injunction against strikes that affect the public welfare and safety The government promised day and night ronfercnces right down to the deadline in hope of avert ing the walkout but negotiations so far have shown no apparent progress Close Iowa Mines Washington the 518 governmentoperated coal mines which Secretary of Inter ior Krug Thursday ordered closed indefinitely arc these in Iowa No 14 mine Pcrshing Fuel Co mine No 1 Shulcr Coal Co Joseph Muclhaunt Op Mgr RE No 6 mine Cen tral Service company Merle May mine Merle May Coal Co No 3 mine Powell Coal Co and No 2 mine BlacJcstone Coal Co all located near Des Moines to be violating laws for federal safety standards 2 Authorize the United Slates treasury to return lo the United Mine Workers the in fines imposed on the union by the su preme court for contempt of a court order in a recent miners strike Lewis suggested putting the money in a trust to care for widows and children of the Cen tralia disaster and those in a mine tragedy 2 years ago at Straight Creek Ky Krugs announcement said that the 2013 other mines in govern ment possession would be re opened Monday at the conclusion of the miners 6 day mourning period for the Centralia victims If mine managers certify they are safe Lewis acknowledged in his tes timony that the mines have been safer under federal control than under private operation He also said that mine deaths now aver age 85 a month whereas they were 95 under that damnable Ickes Harold L Ickes preceded Krug as interior department chief But he declared scornfully that Krug reflects the philosophy of the industry We kill them you provide for their widows and or phans He also suggested that Krug stay away from resorts at Sea Island Ga and Palm Springs and do more work Time and time again he in sisted that Krug was criminally negligent in the Centralia disas ter and that the secretary had failed to enforce a mine safety code incorporated in the mine unions work contract with the government Reps Fisher DTex and Ker slen RWis reminded Lewis that the code permitted union safety committees to order men out of mines they find unsafe and why was that step not taken they asked Lewis replied that it was be cause Krug went into court and got himself a yellow dog injunc tion This was a reference to a court order last November direct ing Lewis to cancel a strike of miners The combination of that injunc tion and the SmithConnally act under which the government seized mines Lewis said oper ated to cow our safety committees in the mines and take the spirit out of them Under those circunstances those men at Centralia consid ered they had no right to stop work Krug said that a review of in spection reports did not indicate unduly hazardous conditions in 2013 mines But he directed an immediate reexamination of safety conditions and practices along with consideration of any federal or state inspection reports Navy Captain N H Collisson coal mines administrator called on Lewis to submit the names any other mines which the union considers so hazardous as to re quire closing ;