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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 03, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 3, 1945, Mason City, Iowa otPinrufui OP HISTORY NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS IOWA TUESDAY APRIL 3 1945 ii J RATION NEARS RED ARMY INSIDE WASHINGTON Washingtons Traffic Jams Now Considered Just Routine Special to Central Press friend of many high Washington officials and for mer officials including President Hoosevelt and former Secretary of State Cordell Hull is Judge Jeremiah T Mahoney of New York Judge Mahoney is one of the close friends who occasionally calls on Hull now in retirement A favorite story of friends of the 2 men is the way Mahoney saved a dinner which the Ten nessee Society of New York staged lor Hull some years ago On the eve of the dinner through some slipup or other only 25 tickets had been sold for the dinner Mahoney learned of the pre dicament and promptly arranged to have tickets distributed in large bundles to good New York demo crats Speakers of the occasion be held this remarkable turnout of Tennesseans and commented profusely Allied nations in Europe face the blackest food situation of the war Under the impact of wartime restrictions on machinery the draft the lure of higher pay in city war plants and restrictive price ceilings which make some farm activities unprofitable pro duction of foodstuffs in the Unit ed States now appears to be in sufficient to meet both domestic and foreign demands So serious has the situation be come that leridlease shipments of foodstuffs have been curtailed with no prospect for the future except the infliction of more cuts in foreign shipments as well as smaller allotments for American civilians as well as the outstanding shortage item but other staples will also be lacking assubstitute foods are ui to offset feducedmeat ttshr about the phone calls received these days at the headquarters of Brig Gen Don E Scott commander of the Virginia district of the 3rd service command at Richmond Va Operators are constantly re ceiving calls like the following VSendover right away a dozen oysters a pint of shrimp and But madam the operator will interrupt and youd better send over some clams too Im having a big sea food dinner tonight is the army the op erator will insist The explanation is that General Scotts phone number is similar to that of a local fish dealer A sergeant who has been at tached to the post for several years was recently standing around while one of those calls came in Thats nothing he told the operator You should have been coupla years ago that derway von Hammer satd a fish store number belonged to a beauty parlor then The nations capital in wartime southeast of is quite drfferent from what it day The city has been bombed on Washington street an odd kind of jam developed Report Reds in Wiener Neustadt Russian Columns Reported London armored columns were reported Tuesday to have smashed into both Wiener Neustadt Austrias most import ant industrial center and Bratis lava capital of Germanys puppet State of Slovakia The German Transocean agency said the German high command had announced that the Soviets had penetrated beyond Wiener Nenstadt into the area south of Vienna The broadcast did not specify whether the red army had captured WienerNeustadt or merely bypassed it The breakthrough into Wiener Neusladt 23 miles south of Vien na and site of one of Germanys biggest Messerschmitt aircraft fac tories was revealed b3Ernst von Hammer German DNB agency military commentator in a Berlin broadcast Heavy street fighting was un Marshal Feodor f Tolbukhins 3rd Ukrainian army group by soviet account was only 8 miles had nonchalantly left the odd looking flivver parked near a fire Plug A guessing contest is on the way in Washington as to the like ly site of the capital of the united nations thatis the home the world security tribunal San Francisco scene of the united nations conference has been mentioned and likewise Mexico City Copenhagen Athens and Antwerp Geneva is regard ed as out of the running because of Russian opposition Moscow dispatches said Mar ssx r the police were making p 2 mios to the arrest But no such thing i The driver of a 1913 model Ford i hes 30 miles east Vienna Other Russian units were within gun range of the greater Vienna area delineated by Adolf Hitler in 1938 and less than 20 miles from the city itself on the southeast To the north Moscow reported increased that the zero hour for the red armys frontal smash from the Oder river against Berlin was approaching The Russians plunged into the city limits of Bratislava under a canopy of shells laid down by massed soviet artillery Moscow said the fail of Bratislava would pull the plug from Viennas front al defenses for soviet advances along both sides of the Danube Vajnary 4 miles northeast of Bratislava and 29 miles cast of Vienna also fell as the 2nd army group drove up to the foothills ot the small Carpathian mountains on a 25mile front Advances of up to 14 miles were reported The Russian 3rd Ukrainian army group was meeting increas ing resistance in its drive on Vi enna from the southeast but Ber lin admitted the city had been deeply Hanked from the south German broadcasts said the Soviets were bottling in the Sem mering Pass in the Pischbacher Alps 42 miles southwest of Vienna and 132 miles east of Adolf Hit lers hideaway at Berchtesgaden Vienna was preparing for a last ditch stand Gauleiter Baldur von Schirach fojmer reich yquth lead er said in a radio broadcast that Vienna would not be declared an open cily but would be defended until the last He revealed that Col Gen Sepp Dietrich former commander of Adolf Hitlers personal body guard had been entrusted with defense of Vienna Dietrfch also spoke asserting that his elite SS troops were resolved to do everything in their power to pre serve this bulwark of the German southeast for our fatherland It would be rash to promise more Dietrich said The strug gle is hard and success is diffi cult A radio Atlantic broadcast said a state of siege had been declared in Vienna Some 118 miles southeast of Vi enna the 3rd army group cap tured Nagykanisza last major German source natural petro leum and 40 other towns and vil lages in southwest Hungary The Nagykanisza wells produced 1000 000 tons of oil annually Among the towns swept up in the advance were Eszteregnye 6 miles west of Nzaykanisza and Szent Mihaly 54 miles northeast of Zagreb and 124 miles from Italy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Occasional light rain or snow ending Tuesday night Lowest temperature about 24 Wednesday partly cloudy and a little warmer Iowa Cloudy Monday nighfwith occasional light rain or snow in southeast portion colder in southeast and extreme east por tion Wednesday partly cloudy and a little warmer Shippers forecast Northwest 20 south west and northeast 24 south east 28 IN MASON CITY Maximum Monday Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday Trace of snow YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 39 29 30 36 23 LAND BEHIND GERMAN LINES 8th Army in Italy Captures 200 Nazis Home Eighth army forces have landed behind the German lines on the narrow strip of land between the Valli Di Comacchio and the Adriatic and have cap tured more than 200 of the enemy allied headquarters announced Tuesday The action was officially de scribed as a successful local op eration II comprised a 3pronged thrust up the split of land sepa rating the Comacchio lagoon from the sea Landings were made be tween the sea and the Po Di Pri maro river and on the eastern shore of the lagoon itself Our troops cleared German de fensive positions half way up the split under considerable shell fire and captured a small island in the Po Di Primaro in this area the official announcement said NAZI CRUISER IS SET AFIRE Iondon The German light cruiser Koln a liner which prob ably was used as a troopship and follows such in 4 other vessels were set afire and 7 H caPtured triel a 370foot motor ship was sunk JUdgCd and shot ID an fV tr r in an attack by the U S 8th air force on the naval dockyards at announced Tuesday NAZIS HATElffiiN Report Fictitious Tales of American Atrocities By THOMAS HAWKINS Bern Switzerland Nazi propagandists are resorting to widespread use of obviously fic titious stories of allied atrocities In and last effort to spur military civilian resistance in the British Swing on Port of Bremen Maj Gen Rose Commander of Third Armored Division Killed While Surrendering PUSH AHEAD ON OKINAWA WITH FEW FATALITIES Widen Hold on Naval Base to Three Miles Island Cut in Half By FRANK TREMAINE Guam r m y invasion troops who sliced Okinawa in two with a 5 mile dash to the east coast widened their hold on the vital Nakagusuku bay naval an chorage to at least 3 miles Tues day and stiil were advancing Other units of Maj Gen John K Hodges 24th army corps ad vanced south alone the west coast to within a little more than 6 miles of Naha capital of Okinawa in the first hard fighting of the 3 day old invasion Indications grew that Ihe Japa nese were preparing to defend a line across the narrow isthmus just above Naha Marines at the northern end ol the 10th armys front broadened the west coast beachhead to at 10 miles with an advanceof Seek to Trap German Forces on Dutch Coast waning hours of the 3rd reich The readers of German news papers find this new hate cam paign splurged across the front pages The real war news now so dismal for the nazis has gone to the inside pages except for an occasional guarded army com munique in he lower left hand corner of page one Adolf Hitlers own Voelkischer Bepbachter keynoted the cam paign with screaming headlines such as these Brutal Hate Regi ment in Cologne Traitor Fallen Before Justice AmericanPur chased Aachen Burgomeister Shot by German Fighters for Free dom Only Hate Holds Them Together Inner Differences of Allies Unsolvable A story with a Stuttgart date line declared Negro soldiers were forcing women in Cologne to clean latrines asserted American sol diers beat up a German woman who refused to pose for a picture and left her to die and recounted that an American soldier cook doled out weak coffee to a Ger man woman who gave him a wrist watch in payment for milk for her baby Xot since the war started has such vindictive material appeared in the most official nazi organs To usually well informed allied observers it signalized a desperate effort to keep some outward re sistance going until the nazis can form an underground organization with possibly Berchtesgaden as a headquarters The emergence of the Were wolves and other guerrilla bands which the Germans say are op erating behind allied lines were seen as part of this projected movement The Lausanne Gazette com mented that German resistance after the armed forces are broken is improbable becaues the popula tion deeply discouraged has passed the point where it will be capable of an act of high energy its will to resistance will tumble with the debacic of the armies The National Zeitung in Basel saw in Ihe Werewolves a sign that a hopeless end of the world mentality had set in at Hitlers headquarters The allied reaction to the Werewolves is very simple said a Luxembourg radio broadcast Anyone who follows such in ovoi ai your Mar Hnnrtc anrf 30 StPS from Buy your War Bonds and carrier boy The marines cleaned out and secured Zampa cape and sent an armored spearhead along the coastal highway to the north Casualties continued astonish ingly light on both sides One ma rine division counted only 15 bodies and all but 3 of them were civilians killed in the preliminary bombardment Another marine di vision has killed 130 Japanese while suffering casualties only a small percentage of that number First word that tankled army troops had reached Nakagusuku bay came from an observation plane which flashed back a mes sage that it was watching Ameri can soldiers swimming in the nude off the east coast beaches The 24th corps push to lie east coast gave the Americans a wide corridor from which to attack north or south and also secured a foothold on all vital northsouth communications including roads railroads and telephone lines Edward LThomas United Eress war correspondent at 24th corps headquarters said the first dough boys reached the beaches of Awa sidaTomari harbor near Tobara village at 3 p m Monday They had achievedin 36 hours what the original invasion sched ule said might lake more than 5 BULLETIN WHXEHEAD London WJA Transocean broadcast from Berlin Tuesday said With the U S First Army American first army forces had captured Kassel Gen Maurice Rose bril liant commander of the third ari arts Gen George S Pattons tanks Tuesday division which spearI roared into Gotha only 150 miles from Berlin and a scant iSo miles from junction with the red army Meanwhile American and British troops captured the Westphahan capital of Muenster while tank columns raced 50 miles and more beyond the city in twin drives to envelop HrJloviH onri 4U ITT the first armys drive from the Rhine river into Germany was shot to near Paderborn by a German tankman as the general started to arms after being surrender his captured Companions said the tail handI some general was shot through he head as he lifted his pistol holster from his shoulder to hand it over to the German covering him and his aide with a machine pistol from the turret of a tank which infiltrated into American lines south of Paderborn Rose who was always forward with advance elements giving per sonal directions tohis combat and task force commanders had gone to the area to direct the third ar mored divisions fight to capture an important road junction He started back in a jeep with his aide Maj Robert Bellinger of White Plains N Y trying to find another of his task force com manders when he turned a curve and ran headon into Tiger tanks on the road which a short while before had becn carrying first army traffic An armored car was following with other mem bers of his staff The generals driver wheeled the jeep across a field through woods but ran headon into an rves o enveop Holland and totcc the Wescr river line on the main super Press Japs Into Trap on Luzon By II D QUIGG Manila S assault wan prostrate with grief and his fa days AwasidaToman harbor lies ther Rabbi Samuel Rose spoke at the northern enti of Nakagusu ku bay and Tuesday the troops troops squeezed the Japanese into a hopeless trap on southeastern Luzon Tuesday after un amphib ious landing that overran the port of Legaspi and its airfield Seasoned veterans of Brig Gen Hanford MacNiders 158th regi mental combat team completed the encirclement of the Japanese in southern Luzon Sunday with a surprise landing near Legaspi 200 miles southeast of Manila Fire from heavy coastal bat teries met the invasion craft but opposition faded when the troops hit the beaches under cover of a an naval and air bombardment otherGerman tank ana the gen J Within 3 hours the Americans of Jiisierptqi surrenj had secured largest port in southeasternLuzon airfield and started a drive to the north Gen Douglas MacArthur said the landing and capture of Le gaspi which had a prewar pop ulation of 15780 was effected with little loss A 10 day proinvasion aerial bombardment in which more than 2000 tons of bombs were dropped on Legaspi area had shattered the Japanese defenses and forced them to withdraw inland The Japanese coastal fire failed to damage seriously any of the landing ships or vessels in the naval supporting force c o m manded by Capt H F McGree In pushing northwest from Le gaspi southern terminus of the i Manila railroad MacNiders troops advanced through a pass onto Bicol pliiin and were mov ing rapidly over open rice fields MacNiders drive was aimed at effecting a junction with first cavalry and llth airborne di vision troops fanning east and southeast through the island be low Laguna bay The lacerated Japanese units which feld to southern Luzon when the sixth and eighth armies cleared most of the central sec tion of the island including Ma high way to Berlin Muenster 227 miles due west of Berlin fell to the allies after more than 3 days of savage street fight ing and a raking artillery bom bardment that reduced the city to a blackened rubble Twenty miles to the southeast soldiers of the American Hh army fought their way into Hamm the biggest railway center in western Germany and began a houselo house mopup of Ha bypassed der As he stood with hands over his head the German holding a ma chine pistol in the tank turret un loosed a torrent of words I dont understand the gen eral kept saying according to Bellinger Then apparently the general thought his captor meant for him to surrender his arms and he took his hands down to lilt the holster from his shoulder That xvas when the German fired Bellinger and other officers and men in the armored car made a dash for freedom and escaped making their way to their head quarters hours later The gener als body was found where he svas shot ft may have been that the gen eral misunderstood what the Ger man wanted and when he dropped his hands to lift the holster the tankman thought he was going to fight a first army officer said Rose was one of the most able and well liked generals in the first army He came up the hard way enlisted in the army as a youth of 17 during World war I Rose who was 45 lived at Den ver Colo In Denver news ot the generals death left his widow and mother prostrate with grief and his fa of his sons sacrifice as further KU Day and Tuesday the troops evidence of the Jewish peoples were probing forward out of the love of liberty and freedom for AWapinn npnmciiln n Thomas said through meaec ice like a the troops sliced all peoples The Denver city council voted Monday night to draw up a reso butj lution commending the generals Fvpr rlTflasn to east coast heroism and expressing regret to Everincreasing numbers we re his widow and parents over his pouring oot of the limestone hills onto the eastern beaches he said It was indicated the troops had seized control of the northern face of the Awasi hill mass dominating the Bisha Gavva valley and terri to the north The victory firmly anchored the American beachhead 362 miles southwest of Japan proper Maj Gen Roy S Geigers 3rd marine amphibious corps extended the west coast beachhead another 3000 yards to the north by push ing across the base of Zampa cape to the approaches to 770foot Yon tan Zan peak Observation planes now were operating from Yonlan and Ka dena airfields captured in the first hours of the invasion and en gineers were rushing repairs to permit their use by fighters and bombers The 1400ship invasion fleet continued to pour reinforcements of men tanks guns and sup plies across the invasion beaches unmolested while 1500 carrier planes shuttled protectively over head Warships in the armada joined carrier planes in supporting the ground forces hurling everything from 16inch shells to flaming rockets into alreadyburning Naha Japanese planes made a feeble attack on the invasion armada Sunday night and 5 were shot down A Japanese communique however claimed that 13 more death forces steel rgmg American nazi garrison Front reports said the Germans were trying desperately to extri cate their 25th army numbering perhaps 50000 men from the threatened Dutch coast fleeing eastward under heavy fire from allied warplancs Most of the resistance in the path of the northbound British came from German antiaircraft gunners who were thrown into he breech with masses of de pressed flak guns but little or no armored support Furious fighting was reported swirling through the streets of Osnabrucck Muenster and a doz en other towns and villages along theallied lineof Germans battled to hold open the coastal escape roads for their re treating 25lh army in Holland Hundreds of bnrges were re ported massing in Amsterdam harbor and other ports on the Zuyder Zee for a desperate Dun kerque evacuation of the nazi Vbomb bases in western Hol land The American 9th army on the British right flank hurled power ful armored columns past the German strongpoint of Bielefeld 183 miles west of Berlin flanking the city from the north and south Other 9th army lank teams hroke loose on the main Ruhr Berlin superhighway east of Biele feld and at last reports were ap proaching the pied pincr town of Hnnimcln on the Wescr river 162 mites from the nazi capital Doughboys of the U S Hh and firs armies were advancing steadily into the encircled Ruhr basin from the east west north and south to mop up an esti mated 100000 to 150000 Germans caught in that 4500 square mile trap The pocketed nazis were battl ing savagely to break through the eastern and southeastern wall of the trap but field dispatches said they were repulsed with bloody Far to Hie south Lt Gen i George S Pattons American 3rd landing eliminated any he SMnd1 i r uictory citv n defensive stand agamsl an over ni I V rmL land attack at the narrow 8 mile lhe Cnemy isthmus connecting the main por tion of Luzon with the elongated southeastern tail Clear Lake Amusement Co Given Land Title by Iowa Supreme Court Des iMoines supreme court Tuesday reversed Cerro Gordo district court decision giv ing title to parcel of land to B C Lewis Case contested by Clear Lake Amusement corporation Su preme court held that description of land in conveyance was insuf ficient but that Amusement Cor poration had established title to land Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy American warships had been sunk and 17 damaged A CBS correspondent broad casting from the fleet said Tokyo claims that 150 ships had been sunk since the start of the inva sion operations were just about per cent The communique said Japanese attacks on enemy warships around Okinawa while garrison forces continue io carry out fierce mterceptive battles with the in vading ground troops MAGNIDER LANDS ON LEGASPI 158th Combat Team Reinforced by Artillery Legaspi April The 158th regimental L iiisircij air oernaro bat team which landed here to Montgomerys AngloAmerican day is commanded by Gen irmies in the north had the bat Hanford MacNider Mason City tercel Germans badly off balance Iowa He formerly was assistant and were pressing their break secretary of war minister to i to the limit in a fullsciile drive line Pittons men 40 miles o the southeast also were ripping through stiffened but still inef fective German resistance on both sides of Eisenach a nazi pivot on the FrankfurtLeipzig superhigh way 152 miles southwest of Ber lin At the southern end of the al lied front the American 7th army sent its armored spearheads lum bering eastward within 3fi miles of Nuernberg mti French first army forces advanced more than 20 miles east of the Rhine in a mnrch on Stuttgart Field Marshal Sir Bernard L to clear the niis from Holland end the murderous rain of robot bombs and rockets which had Canada and national commander of the American Legion f His team is a regiment re uuu wmcn nao mforced with its own artillery to becn showering down on southern make it a selfcontained fighting i England since last summer unit similar to an undersized divi1 Montgomerys Canadian first army divisions were 15 miles or more inside Holland in the area north of Emmerich and advanc ing rapidly against light opposi sion MacNtder assumed command last September after returning from the United States where he was hospitalized for removal of a grenade fragment which had becn in his eye more than years He suffered several wounds in the Bnna fighting Nov 23 1342 He led the veteran southwest Pacific outfit in combat the first time at Lingayen gulf Recently he had been cleaning Japanese from the area south of Manila around the Balayan and Batangas bays tion The Canadian reached the Twenthe canal at a point just east of Zutphen 30 miles or less from the Zuyder Zee At their present pace the Canadians threatened to reach the coast in another 2 days cutting Holland in 2 and trapping tens of thousands of Germans around Amsterdam and the Hatuie to the west Historic Arnhem where the ;