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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 3, 1944, Mason City, Iowa DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AND A C 4 I V C E S t 0 I t NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION niiiir VOL Associated Press and United Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 3 1944 This Paper Consists of Two One NO 153 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason City Sunday p m K11MO Uinnibal Tuesday p m KSCJ Sloui City Wednesday p m WSUI Iowa City Thursday p m Ames Friday p m How Do Your Garden Plans Grow IIONESTLY folks theyre clriv ing me mad I mean those sect catalogs I must be fundamental ly a sucker I just cant resis their appeal My garden plot 1 something less than 100 fee square but at this moment looks very much as if I woulc end up with enough seeds to plan an acre Heres how it works out One of my must crops is go ing to be beans So I turn to tha section of the seed catalog whic has to do with beans And the first thing I see is Burpees stringlcss green pod de scribed as the best of all the green podded standard of them all In the same para graph I learn that theyre ten der plump and slightly curved meaty juicy and brittle with no strings at all Moreover theyre very early a wonderful yield cr excellent for both spring summer and fall plantings Im admonished to keep this delici ous food coming in all through the growing season All of this sounds mighty plaus ible to me Im completely per suaded that I cant be much of a gardener if I dont want plenty of Burpees stringless green pod beans It appears to have every thing any gardener could pos sibly expect ina bean If nothing else were offered my peace of mind would be complete UT I make the mistake of look BOMB1NGS MAKE HOLLOW SHELLS OF BERLIN RAF reconnaissance plane made this graphic photo over the center of Berlin after the series of heavy Ameri can and British daylight and night bombings of the German capital Almost all the struc tures in the picture are blasted and roofless The area covered is approximately 1100 by 850 yards and is located immediately south of the Tiergarten and east of the Zoological Gardens Down 100 Nazi Planes in Air Raid on Steyr B ALLIES LOSE 33 Finns Study INTENSIFY RAIDS AGAINST TRUK Each succeeding offering looks more irresistible than the last I find a streamliner white seeded green pod with tender luscious beans of the snow white kind needed for baking and soups 1 find a new tendergreen with 7inch podswhichare a beautiful dark green withthe richest flavor ever tast ed I find a giant slringless guar anteed to yield heavy in spite of hot dry weather I find an Dearly 6 weeks which will stand earlier planting than any other green pod snap bean I know of Certainly 1 want to be the first in my neigh borhood to brag about my green beans But this isnt all I turn the page and note the virtues of the top notch golden and string less You can hardly see the leaves for the plump yellow pods about 5 inches long Im assured by the nurseryman Some of my friends he says further call it the everbusy bean because i1 keeps them busy picking through out its long bearing season Crca for home use Next to it looking marvelous in the picture is an early wonde wax Think ot it Im admon ished in 42 days from plantin youll be eating lots of these richly flavored golden best ot good eating And alongside this is the salcstalk for a pencil pod wax always tender and string less and a great yielder at the head of the parade many years a bean that you can plant with confidence of a fine crop And that isnt all Theres an array of lima or butler beans each variety seemingly possessing some attributes which would make my garden sadly incomplete if 1 failed to include em To say nothing of the pole wonder Missouri wonder Speckled pole lima and king of the an asparagus bean or yard long bean that actually grows pods 18 to 30 inches novelty that will astonish you and make you the envy of all your neighbors Naturally I want to be the envy ot all my fellowgardeners So I cant resist this yard long bean WELL thats my problem in just one little segment of my gar den project Now lets turn over a page or 2 and have a look at the tomato offerings The first thing to meet my eyes is the orange jubilee know thats good because I raised some last year Theyre wonderful raw and their juice looks like that of an orange So right away I jot that down on my list But no tomato bed would be complete without a red fruit Lets see what we have Heres a red bulging fruits that taper almost to a few seeds and all heart Cut thick slices almost like a beef steak Beefsteak from the gar den Thats a bet I mustnt miss Next the smooth round solid bright red very productive wilt resistant flesh thick and meaty Ponderosa purplish pink flesh smal seed cavity very heavy yielder New improved strain never cracks rich deep red coloi large excellent for slicing juice best large red main crop tomato for th farm belt without a doubt th most dependable big croptomal Turn to Page Z CRAFT IN ATTACK New Terms Fi8htes use From Russia Rockets Aerial Bombs Allied Headquarters Naples IVPI More than 100 enemy the largest number ever bagged on a single raid from this theater shot down Sunday by a jigformation ofUrS heavy bom bers and their escorts which oared over the Alps and smashed the German Aircraft parts factory uid ballbearing works at Steyr in uld Austria it was announced Monday On the Italian battleground the 5th army repulsed a small Ger man thrust on the left flank of the allied beachhead below Rome Enemy patrols in the Cassino area were beaten back and there were artillery duels in the Adria tic sector and the Garigliano region An estimated 300 enemy planes encountered on the Steyi raid and some of them used rock ets and aerial bombs Antiaircraft fire over he town was the mos intense ever met by bombers from this theater many crewmen said and this plus the fighter attacks indicated the importance the Gcr mans attached to the industria establishments there Stockholm UP The Finnish arliament was scheduled to meet t Helsinki Monday presumably o act on new armistice terms eported to have been given Fin and Russia The terms were believed to modify 1940 frpn The raid was not an easy one Thirtythree allied planes wcr lost in Sundays operations mos of them presumably falling on th Steyr mission Despite the opposition howevei the great air armada which in eluded over 500 fortresses and lib orators and many scores of escorl ing fighters sol over the target anc let the vital war plants of Steyr ave a record load of bonds The airforces said that the raid vas extremely successful Fhoto raphs showed 3 of the 5 main aclory buildings were shattered nd that many direct hits were scored on others as fires gushed up from the wreckage In a tremendous burst of acliv ty allied planes flew nearly 2200 orties in this theater Sunday vith heavy bombers also pounding he communications centers of 3rod on the BelgradeZagreb line n Jugoslavia Bihac miles lorth of Zara and Mostar 50 niles southeast of Split A headquarters bulletin said that light forces of the French navy had entirely destroyed an enemy convoy and its escort in he Adriatic after a sharp encoun ter and lhat the French withdrew without damage or casualties ier provisions ancl the Dagens reported in an undated dispatch that the new Russian offer would return Hango and to Finland but with an ncrcased amount of cash reparaI ions to the Soviets j llaiigo a naval base on the southwestern coast and Viipuri n southeastern Finland were ceded to Russia by the Finns aft er their 193940 war Private sources said the new proposals were received by the Finnish government Friday and resulted from discussions in Moscow last week between soviet leaders and former Finnish Pre mier Julio K Paasikivi and Karlj Enckell Finnish banker one time foreign minister and former minister to Paris The terms were said to have resulted from a new interpreta tion of the Soviets previous pro posals which were rejected by Finland last month The old Allied Airmen Seek to Neutralize Jap Base Pearl Harbor UR The pronged American air assault neutralize Truk and other strong holds in the Caroline Islands Japans main outer defense screen gained momentum Mopday with bombers from the central and south Pacific reporting 18 raids in 4 days Seventh air force liberators from newlywon bases in the Marshall islands subjected Truk to its 8tli attack in 4 days just be fore dawn Friday while medium bombers from the south Pacific blasted ifiO miles to the west by nijjht Announcements from Adm Chester W Nimitz Pacific fleet headquarters at Pearl Harbor and Gen Douglas MacArthurs head quarters in Australia implied that the 2way offensive to smash some of the principal obstacles on the invasion route to the Philip pines China and Japan was off to a flying start though tens of thousands additional tons of ex plosives will be required lo fin ish the job In Washington a war depart ment review forecast eventual victory over some 100 ROADS AROUND IMPHAL CUT BY NIPPON FORCES Jap Offensive Aimed at Cutting Lifeline to Stilwells Troops New Delhi pa trols filtering through the jungles of eastern India on to the Manipui plain have cut the roads arounc Imphal Manipur capital in ai offensive obviously aimed at Di mapur on the AssamBurma rail way lifeline to Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwells forces The question whether airborm supplies might be dropped to tin Imphal garrison was answered here by the statement that tha would not be necessary as th crisis would be overcome befor such action was needed Dimapur is 44 miles across th Naga hills of the head huntei from Kohima GO miles north c Imphal Fierce fighting in the wild hi country east of Kohima in Indi and repulse of a determined Jap anese drive to reach the Tiddiin road below Imphal to the south was announced by allied head quarters in the showdown battle for allied communication centers and bases along Ihc Burma bor der Another Japanese column thrusting toward Imphal from the Chindwin river area lo the cast was stopped by allied forces as il attempted lo reach tiie Imphal plain from the rolling foothill country of the Chin hills the com munique said Enemy artillery continued to shell the TainuPalcl road soulh eiiii of Imphal Farther south on the Arakan front only minor patrol activity was reported Near al lied detachments were said to have inflicted casualties on enemy units attempting to infiltrate British po sitions A Tokyo broadcast Sunday night declared the British 25th di vision had been forced lo with draw from around Maungdaw and Buthedaung on the Arakan front but this report lacked allied con firmation GliderSxiriie allied commando have cut all north and south com munications arteries to Myitkyina main Japanese base in norihcn Burma and havt smashed cncm efforts to crash iheir airstriji fa behind Japanese lines front lis patches rcporled The commandos are nov hold ing a considerable portion of th railroad from Myitkyina to Katha more than 100 miles to the south I They arc also harassing the cxtcn sive river transport serving Myit kyina to the south with highway also blocked all northsouth com munication routes have been se vered the dispatches said Reds Drive Toward Danube in Smash Across Rumania Budapest Queen ot the Danube Budapest s h o n above is the capital of Hungary This city was blasted by Amer ican heavy bombers Monday Large Formations of Yankee Bombers Bombard Budapest London great formation of American heavy bombers at acked Budapest Monday carrying out the first U S attack on the to terms called for withdrawal of000 Japanese troops trapped by German troops from Finland res American land sea and air op 1940 frnntinr anrf crations in the toration of the 1940 frontier and that Finnish troops be withdrawn from that area before peace ne gotiations start crations in the Pacific from the Marshall islands to New Guinea Cousins Identification Tag Found on Dead Jap Bougainville Solomon Islands Corporal Deplphos Lucier of Fargo N Dak was examining an American soldiers dogtag discovered on a dead Japa nese Suddenly he stiffened The tag bore the name of his cousin Lloyd F Cullcn Fargo Lucier checked Cullcns regi ment He learned lhat Cullcn was alive and lost his identification tag on a patrol Destroyer OBannon Awarded Presidential Citation for Tasks POSTWAR FARM PROGRAM URGED Bureau Asks GOP to Back Crop Adjustment limgarian capital The bombers flew from bases n Italy and the Berlin radio told f violent battles between Ameri an and German planes over Hun ary The Budapest railway center and an important aircraft factory list south of the capital were the arsels of the 15lh airforcc a Naples announcement said Budapest one of Europes most beautiful cities lies on both sides of the Danube American and British planes had not bombed it previously but the Russian air force attacked it in September J342 As a result of the bombing of Germanys industrial centers the reich has been reported movin factories into Hungary and also to be relying on the productioi fac Budapest is a key point on rail road networks linking German with the Balkans Details of the attack were not immediately announced hul it was known to be a very hie one with flying fortresses and libera tors participating The soviet nilforce bombed Budapest anew a week ago and Mondays attack may indicate the beginning of a coordinated air attack by the 2 allies Budapest is miles northeast of the allied airbasc at Foggia Italy Other liberator and fortress for mations Monday bombed several Jugoslavian railroad yards at Knin junction of Ihe main line from Fiumc to Sibenik and Split Jugoslavia at Brod which forms a junction of lines from Zagreb to Belgrade and Sarajevo and at Drnis halfway between Sibenik and Knin DENIES PLAN TO CUT DRAFT AGE Hershey Says Military Needs Couldnt Be Met Washington IUR Maj Ge Lewis B Hershey national selei live service director Monday di niecl knowledge of a reportc army plan to lower the draft a from U to H in order to spare live of Marshal ODESSA NEARED BY RUSSIANS IN USH TO SOUTH Invasion of Rumania Dictated by Military Necessity Reds State London red army having smashed across the rut river in their first invasion f axis soil were reported driving cross eastern Rumania toward ie Danube river delta and the Carpathian mountains Monday as loscow announced that other Russian forces had struck to vithin li miles oC the great Black ea port of Odessa 150 miles to he southeast Soviet Foreign Commissar Vya heslav Molotov in announcing he invasion ot Rumania said it ivas dictated by military necessity nml not with the aim of seizing any part ot Rumanian territory statement that was warmly welcomed in official British circles The Russian communique failed to identify the exact location of the several announced crossings of the Prut but Berlin said the main soviet drive into Rumania was in the lasi sector less than 200 miles northeast of Bucharest and the valuable Floesti oil fields Berlin added that all the Ru manian army has joined battle with the Russians Martial law already has been proclaimed in Bucharest Moscosv dispatches re ported lasi apparent immediate objec Ivaii S Konevs Chicago liP The American Farm Bureau Federation recom mended Monday that the 1944 republican farm plank go on rec ord for a postwar farm program embodying a crop adjustment May File Homestead Tax Credits Up to July 1 more older men for industry while stepping up the call for younger registrants Herslicy said lie doubted U such a plan would meet the manpower needs of the armed services He estimated that not more than 230000 of the 1187000 men un der 2fi now deferred on farms or in war plants would be inducted after considering continued defer ments for key men and a rejection rate of around 40 per cent It was considered unlikely that the re maining 778000 of the 1008000 men wanted by Ihe armed forces by July 1 could bn found in the age group The policies of guide continued deferments of men under 1G have been under study by a federal in teragency committee headed by Manpower Chief Paul V McNutl and a decision is expected soon possibly Monday Thc recommendations arc ex pected to call for rigid deferment standards for under 26 men the class of registrants most needed by the armed forces The military agencies have major strensth on the inlerasiency committee and their influence is expected to be reflected in the deferment stand ards Meanwhile Rubber Director Bradley Dewey revealed in a sur vey lhat 1700 men under 20 in the rubber industry must be de Washington destroyer OBannon has U S been awarded the presidential unit ci DCS Moiiics may for red to forestall national dis file applications for homestead 1 aster tax credits through July 1 AI He said 62n men under system administered bv a national Ktory Friday snid the deadline was of whom 2iOG arc under bipartisan board appointed by March U but that was the deadcould be taken ironi the rubber the president with the approval line for filing such applications goods reclaimed rubber and syn of the senalc Such a system the federation tatioii for its outstanding should maintain substantial formancc in combat against the Japanese during the 12 months from Oct 7 1942 to Oct 7 1943 the navy announced Monday In addition the destroyers skip per Comdr Donald J MacDonald of New York has been awarded the gold star in lieu of a 3rd silver star He is the most decorated of ficer in the navy in this war Willkie Speech Is Interrupted by Shout of Nebraska Soldier York Ncbr UR Wendell Willkie was but 10 minutes along in his hour speech Sunday night when a soldier from the nearby Fairmount air base arose in the balcony Whats Wendell doing in York Ncbr the soldier shouted Is that Willkie on the stage Willkie stepped back from the microphone hitched his arms akimbo and shouted back Yes do you want to say something Police discouraged the soldier from answering Army officials at the air base refused lo divulge his name reserves of basic farm commodi ties adjust annual production in line with market demands so that prices of such commodities may be stabilized on a basis of I fair exchaiiKC values within in dustrial prices anrt waRcs of labor To effectuate such a program it would be necessary the farm organization said to have an ef fective system of price supports including mandatory commodity loans by the government Thc federations recommenda tions were made before a confer ence being held by a special rc WashiiiRlon supreme court ruled Monday that Negroes publican agricultural advisory have the right to vote in a Texas democratic primary to nominate j committee of 5 governors and 4 candidates for congress I members of congress created to with assessors From April 1 lo July 1 inclusive the applications may be filed with county auditors and must bear the signatures of 2 property owners in addition to the applicants Supreme Court Upholds Right of Negro in Texas Primary INJURIES AKE FATAL Waterloo E Stcimol Eagle Center Iowa farmer died at a hospital here Sunday from injuries received in an automo biletrain accident last week thetic rubber industries without jeopardizing vital war production No oilier war agencies have an nounced their intents on asking deferments for employes under 2G Several were awaiting action by the McNutt committee Buy AVar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette I drive carrier boy 2nd Ukrainian army is 10 miles west of the Prut and is a key Rumanian railway center where lines branch southwcsUvard to Bucharest and north westward to captured Czernowitz 115 miles Gertsa 20 miles southeast of Czernowitz on the liofth Ru manian border was taken by troops of Marshal Gregory K Zhukovs first Ukrainian army Sunday Moscow said and it was believed likely that soviet spear heads had also crossed into Ru mania al this point A Rumanian high command communique broadcast by the Berlin radio and recorded here by the Associated Press acknowl edged the reel armys drive into Rumania proper but said that north of lasi at almost every point the enemy was pushedback over the lijia river The Jijia north of lasi runs parallel to the Prut 5 miles to the west and the Rumanian bulletin gave the first indication that Ko nevs troops had advanced that far into Rumania The communi que also declared that Russian thrusts toward the lasiKishinev railway had been repulsed by German troops ancl lhat no im portant event occurred in the Cri mea or on the Black sea shore Other divisions of Zukhovs army meanwhile swept nearer to Ihc Carpathian mountain passes leading into Hungary inflicting heavy losses on axis troops tak ing many prisoners and captur ing enormous stores of military booty Moscow declared The important strongholds of Kuzov and Kuty 37 miles south west of Czernowitz and not far from the famous Tatar pass fell to Zhukovs troops and Berlin broadcasts indicated that Tarno pol and Kovcl further north in old Poland were about to capitu late to the Russians Mololovs explanation of the into Rumania was re jWeather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Monday night lowest temperature in Mason Cily 22 Tuesday fair and not mite so cold Justice Reed delivered tiie 81 decision which was of farreach ing importance in those southern states where the choice al a primary is usually equivalent to Justice Roberts dissented The majority opinion states that the right to vote in such a pri mary for the nomination of can didates without discrimination by the state like the right to vote in a general election is a right se cured by the constitution the terms of the loth amendment that right may not be abridged by any stale on account of race Under our constitution the great privilege of choosing his rulers may not be denied B man by the state because of his color The case was brought by Lonnic E Smith Houston Negro who 1935 supreme court decision sus taining the exclusion of Negroes from a Texas primary was based on the theory that the right to participate in the democratic pri mary is one of Ihe privileges in cidental to membership in the democratic party of Texas and should not be confused with the right to vote The attorneys cited a 1941 su preme court opinion in a case from Louisiana which they said held that in a state where choice al the primary was tantamount to election the right to vote in the primary was derived from the United States constitution and not was excluded from voting in a from the party 1940 primary by the election Exclusion of Negroes from the 1 primary the attorneys said was judges of the 48th precinct of Har ris county Texas His attorneys contended that draft a farm plank for presenta tion to the national convention here in June The committee invited all na tional farm organizations to pre sent their views Gov Bourkc B Hickcnloopcr of Iowa chairman of the committee opened the conference with a dec laration that 11 years of maslcr minrtin and regimentation of our farm plant have not produced any j sound or permanent hope for ag riculture Political exploitation of the farmer must Earl C Smith vice president presented the federations recom mendations The republican party is searchj Thc fjmcs foi Sunday ing for a farm plank which its Maximum Saturdav leaders hope will help win the farmers support for the ticket at i Ihc fall election and later provide Ihc basis for governmental poli lowa Mostly fair Monday night and Tuesday slightly warmer Monday night warmer Tuesday Minnesota Mostly fair Monday night and Tuesday Slightly warmer Monday night Warmer Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 36 Minimum Sunday night J3 At 8 a m Monday YEAR AGO Maximum 42 Minimum 29 Minimum Saturday At 8 a m Sunday based on a resolution adopted by I cics encouraging abundant pro thc state democratic parly I duction YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 34 nighl 20 52 24 RUSSIAN DRIVES POINT TO KEY AXIS Black arrows locate main red army advances with outline arrows indicating possible continuation of the drives to ward important centers in Germanheld territory Front line dispatches to Moscow said The hour of liberation is near for Odessa ;