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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 2, 1947, Mason City, Iowa coiiV NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME ANS ARCHIVf M8IMCS IA Qf THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LIU Associated Press ind United Fresi Full Leued Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 2 This Paper Consists of Two One No 148 PEACE HOPES FADE IN PHONE RIFT COMPROMISE IN GERMANY ISSUE BELIEVED NEAR French Agreement to British Plan Is Seen as Reversal of Policy By JOHN mGHTOWER Moscow apparent com promise in French policy appeared in the council of foreign minis ters Wednesday night when For eign Minister Bidault agreed to a British proposal for establishing a provisional government in Ger many by stages tip to this time the French res olutely had held that the estab lishment of a provisional govern ment in Germany was prema ture While Bidaults agreement to the plan advanced by British For eign Secretary Bevin seemed a reversal in policy it was believed it would have little practical ef fect because the whole discus sion Wednesday on a provisional government was on the basis that it would not become effective un til economic unity of Germany was reached Thus far the four powers remained deadlocked on that is sue The councils 4hour discussion ended with the whole question of Germanys future government being referred to the coordinating committee which will try to sort out agreements reached thus far on various proposals While Bevin described the area of agreement as wide the min isters encountered some funda mental difficulties U S Secretary of State Mar shall sought to do away with the veto in the allied control council in Germany as it would affect any German government He suggest ed that approval of any acts by a German government should need only a majority vote by the control council Soviet Foreign Minister v M Molotov protested immediately that this would destroy the prin ciple of unanimity in the council Marshall replied that if one power vetoed an act of the German gov ernment this would mean either that nothing would happen or that the power of decision would be left in the hands of the German government Secretary Marshall has informed Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov that when the present withdrawals of U S troops from China are completed only 6180 military and naval personnel will remain it was announced Wed nesday The troops remaining in China will be there at the request of the Chinese government the American secretary told Molotov Marshall said that American forces had repatriated 3000000 Japanese to thenhomeland from China and then asked As for the disposition of the estimated 700000 Japanese taken in Man churia by the Soviets I have no information Marshall sent a letter to Molo tov on March 31 meeting Molo lovs reauest for tn exchange of information by the United States and Britain with Russia on the status of the fulfillment of obli gations concerning China as out lined in the Moscow agreement of December 1945 His letter was strictly formal For the most part it suggested that Molotov read the statements which President Truman issued on Dec 15 1946 and Dec 181946 Marshalls letter was distributed Wednesday night by the Ameri can delegation press office The report which Molotov presumably sent to Marshall had not been made public up to that time British Foreign Secretary Bev in was reported to have declined to engage in the exchange of in formation on the ground that China was principally a soviet American problem Milk Strike Cripples Supplies to Ottumwa Otlumwa withholding of milk by farmers in the Ottum wa community was seriously cur tailing bottlers normal deliveries here Wednesday No bottler would state what steps will be taken to combat the strike Nons would say whether or not they will ship in milk from other centers Deliveries were made Wednesday morning but customers were informed that fu ture deliveries would be uncer tain There had been no indication up to noon Wednesday of any ar rangements for obtaining a milk supply for the city Neither had there been any indication that farmers were considering the pos sibility of offering other than peaceful opposition if attempts were made to bring in milk Expect Food Prices to Do This Washington what the agriculture department expects food prices to do during the next several months in general to continue high through spring and early summer with moderate declines in lamb and better quality beef Dairy through June Poultry and and turkeys to increase slightly dur ing the next few months but decline during the last quarter Eggs to continue near present levels for several months Food Fats and decline by late summer from present ex ceptionally high level Fresh in prospect as marketing season de velops advances in April and May Strawberry prices to drop below a year ago Keen American Appetites Are Holding Up High Farm Prices Agriculture Department Says Consumption Is Above PreWar Levels Washington Ameri can appetites for plenty of good a willingness to pay for helping to hold farm prices at high levels The agriculture department so reported Wednesday adding that this heavy domestic demand is getting considerable assistance from expectations that exports may be larger than anticipated and speculative buying in the grain market Officials said that despite a substantial increase in food prices since most price controls were dropped the per capita consump of meats poul try products milk and vegetables above prewar levels Consumers are able to eat well the department declared because total income payments are at rec ord peacetime levels and are still rising Xhis being the situation the de partment said farm prices should hold at high levels during the next few months However the agency did not alter a previous forecast that prices will turn downward during the 2nd half of the year possibly as much as 20 per cent The prediction of a decline was based largely upon expectations of a slight industrial recession in the latter part of the year Reflecting favorable farm prices agricultural income for the first 4 months of this year is ex pected to total com pared with during the same period last year The department said this gain of 26 per cent will result chiefly from higher prices since the quantity of marketings has not changed materially Cash receipts from livestock and livestock prod ucts are expected to total around or 44 per cent above the same period last year when price controls were in ef fect Income from crops for the 4 month period were forecast at about or 10 per cent greater than last year The department said meat ani mal prices will average about 55 per cent above a year ago dairy products about 33 per cent above and all crops about 17 per cent above Report Soviet Envoy to Greece Recalled Athens rightist news paper Vradyni said Wednesday the Soviet ambassador to Greece Adm Constantine Rodionov had been recalled A Soviet embassy spokesman said the report may be me up later Rodionov was called back to Moscow last August for confer ences just before the Greek pleb iscite which returned the late King George II to the Greek throne Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and rather cool Wednesday night becoming partly cloudy and warmer Thursday Lowest Wednesday night 32 to 36 Iowa Mostly cloudy and rather cold Wednesday night becom ing partly cloudy late Wednes day night or early Thursday Warmer Thursday Low Wednesday night 33 to 36 High Thursday 50 to 60 Minnesota Party cloudy Wednes day Thursday increasing cloud iness and warmer with occasion al showers beginning extreme west portion Thursday after noon IN MASON CITY Globe Gazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 42 Minimum 33 At 8 a m Wednesday 35 Precipitation 01 YEAR AGO Maximum 74 Minimum 42 VET BONUS BILL TO BE REVIVED Senate Group Votes to Draft Measure Des Moines The senate military affairs committee voted Wednesday to draw up a new sol diers bonus bill for presentation to the Iowa legislature Chairman John C Berg R Cedar said the committee agreed in principle that payment of the bonus the amount of which is still to be determined would be deferred until sometime during the 10 year period beginning in 1950 Berg called another meeting of his group for Thursday to work out details of the bill The tentative amount proposed in other bills which had been offered early in the session was which would pay Iowa veterans of World war II from to each depending upon length and type of service Berg said the committee still had to decide the method by which money to meet this cost would be raised It is possible he said that a combination of all revenue plans previously discussed would be used as the basis of the new bill These include a general property tax increases in the sales and use taxes and higher levies on beer and liquor One plan which had been sug gested to the legislature was to provide the revenue from new state taxes only and to defer pay ment of the bonus until sufficient money was on hand to cover the costs Berg said it was this principle of deferred payment that the committee favored but not the ex act method The committee will consider the advisability of making the bonus available through the floating of a bond issue which would be backed by general property faxes Berg said that even though a property tax provision might be incorporated in the new bill the committee will discuss means of raising revenue from state sources to pay the costs as far as possible without any levy on property Any plan adopted by the legis lature would be subjected to the voters in the 1948 general elec tion State Guard Out of Ottumwa Labor Picture Des Moines guard headquarters said Wednesday that a labor situation at Ottumwa which had resulted in a strength check of some guard units had eased and that the guard now was not in the picture at all At Ottumwa a spokesman for the John Morrell Packing plant where there had been some ten sion said Wednesday that peace reigns once more And that is sues in dispute were being arbi trated Guard headquarters stressed that guard units had not been mobilized nor formally alerted It was a routine precautionary check just as might be made in connec tion with flood threats or any other unusual situation a guard spokesman said The guards standby check had been issued before the negotiation arrangements were made AP Wirepholo NEW U S Anne Holland 3 year old Irish war orphan watches her foster father Eldon Holland sign her name in the federal court register at Cedar Rapids where she was naturalized In the back are Marcella Moritz chief deputy clerk and Mrs Holland Cedar Rapids IP In most ways naturalization proceedings in federal court here Tuesday aft ernoon were typical but in one respect they were different For the first time in a Cedar Rapids court and for the second time in the experience of Fred J White of Omaha naturalization examiner one of the petitioners was a small child She was Irishborn Carol Anne Holland adopted daughter of Mr and Holland citBelle Plaine Holland had arranged for her custody in England where he was stationed with the army air forces Three and onehalf years old now she came to the United States when 9 months old Holland took first steps in Eng land to adopt Carol Anne when she was 5J months old Her father had been killed in the blitz and custody was not too hard to ar range for she was left alone in the world It took another 3 months though to find someone capable of bringing the child to the United States She was finally entrusted to the care of an Englishwoman and made the trip by boat She was met in Boston by Mrs Hol land She had talked excitedly for weeks about when the Tuesday comes the Hollands explained but on the great day she was quiet Not shy but just gravely interested in all the strange people about her After he was released from the army Holland had gone back to his old job as salesman but he had to travel and be away from home and his beguiling daughter so much he quit and took up farm ing near Belle Plaine Women Outnumber Men by 470000 Washington are the stronger sex numerically that is The census bureau reported Wednesday that there were 470 000 more women than men in the United States in 1946 It also reported that the number of children under 5 years of age in 1946 increased 2875000 over the 1940 figure and the number in the 5to9 age group increased by about 1000000 Burglar Stops Pursuit by Taking Mans Pants Newark N J Zuck erman had a gun But the burglar had his pants The pursuit lasted only to the front door of Zuckermans home at 15 Hansbury avenue and there modesty overcame valor Zuckerman a Newark restau rant operator stopped short while the thief dashed out with his pants in cash a wrist watch and a set of cuff links valued at Police later recovered the pants in a nearby alley Davenport Paint Store Is Damaged by Flames Davenport if Firemen Wednesday sought the cause of a fire in the basement of the SherwinWilliams company paint store which brought out nearly all of the citys fire fighting equip ment Tuesday night Donning gas masks and work ing in shifts the firemen confined the fire to the basement of the 3 story structure in the business district Smoke and water damage was believed to have caused thousands of dollars of damage although no immediate estimate was avail able Britain Formally Hands Over Hot Palestine Problem to UN Asks Special Session of General Assembly to Start Work on Issue BULLETIN Lake Success N Britain formally handed the Palestine problem to the United Nations Wednesday with a re quest for a special session of the general assembly to start work on it Lake Success N Y United Nations announced Wednesday that Russia France and China had agreed to a spe cial session of the general as sembly on the Palestine case thus clearing the final barrier to Bri tains filing the explosive case with the international body The United States previously gave its approval The British government will now send us the official notifica tion Victor Hoo acting secre tarygeneral of the U N said British delegation sources said the document would be placed in the hands of the U N before nightfall These sources had said earlier that the British document would make only 2 for a special session of the assemblyas soon as possible to set up ma chinery for handling the delicate problem and asking that the sub stance of the whole case be tak en up at the regular meeting of the assembly in September Hoo said that with receipt of the British paper the United Na tions immediately would poll the 55 members for approval of a special session No heavy opposi tion was anticipated in view of the previous approval of the big powers The member states will have 30 days in which to reply but Hoo emphasized that once 28 na tions had submitted affirmative answers the U N would pro ceed to set up the meeting Hoo added that the assembly actually would be convened with in 15 days after the necessary 28 votes were in It was thus ex pected here that the delegates might be called together within a month Iowa School Lunch Plan Gets US Aid Des Moines W Bangs state school lunch supervisor Wednesday notified all schools participating in the program that an additional in federal funds has been received and that the program can continue at least temporarily Federal funds for the1 program ran out as of Tuesday and 000 is needed to complete the pro gram for this school year Bangs said the 584000 would pay a con siderable portion of continuing the program this month The lower house of congress Tuesday passed a bill calling for an appropriation of to meet deficiencies in federal aid for the program in the several states for the remainder of the school year Out of this Iowa would need about to complete the program for the year Truman Cancels Talk Washington The white house Wednesday announced can cellation of President Trumans plans to speak at Cleveland Miss May 8 Press Secretary Charles G Ross attributed the action to pres sure of business international events and domestic affairs German Trade Union Orders 1Day Strike of Ruhr Miners Essen Germany 1day strike involving nearly 300000 men in 171 Ruhr coal mines was ordered by trade union leaders Wednesday as a protest against food shortages The walkout will mean a loss of about 238000 tons of sorely needed coal The decision was taken by an overwhelming vote of 50 mine union leaders after a 3hour ses sion in the nearby coal mining town of Bochum where 4000 miners struck earlier in the day The output of coal in the Ruhr mines has been declining steadily since March 21 because of spora dic strikes and general unrest over failure of British and German ad ministrators to fulfill promised food ration quotas The 1day stoppage was set for Thursday August Schmidt Ruhr mine union leader argued against the interruption of the Ruhrs coal output but the delegates were in no mood to compromise The decision of the leaders was announced through the British operated north German coal con trol office There was no imme diate comment from British au thorities British officials earlier however had sad that a halt in Ruhr production upon which the economy of Germany and other European countries is largely de pendent would be catastrophic The British said Tuesday that even a 1day strike would subject the miners to loss of extra rations for the entire month in which the stoppage occurred Since the merger of the British and American zones and the in troduction of the point system en titling miners with good attend ance records to luxuries such as coffee sugar liquor and cig arets coal production has climbed slowly The rate went up 1000 to 2000 tons each day Against these small gains a single days idle ness will cost almost a quarter of a million tons The vote on the walkout came only a few hours after the Bochum strike called apparently to influ ence union leaders to vote for Ruhrwide strike action Bochum was the 4th city hit by coal mine strikes since public agitation over food shortages be gan Previous walkouts at Dort mund Hamborn and Duisburg sent the Ruhr coal to Europes a tail spin House Group Delays Action on Rent Hike Washington in a wrangle over a proposed 10 per cent general rent increase the louse banking committee voted 17 o 7 Wednesday to postpone all action on rent and housing legis ation until April 16 Chairman Wolcott RMich said the committeemcn felt they should have a chance to think over the hot issue of a rent rise The group voted tentatively 9 to 6 Tuesday to include a 10 per cent hike in rents in a bill extending rent controls to next March 31 But when the committee met again Wednesday it approved a motion by Rep Kunkel RPa to postpone final action The senate banking committee earlier this week unanimously re iected a proposal to allow a gen eral 10 per cent rental increase Some committeemen told re porters privately that they believe the committee will kill the 10 per cent increase and adopt a measure along the lines of that approved by the senate banking group The senate measure would cre ate citizen advisory committees in various rental areas These com mittees could make recommenda tions for any upward rental ad justments or complete elimination of rent control The final decision would be left to the federal hous ing administration KennellyWins in Chicagos Mayor Voting Chicago hopes of smashing the democrats 16 year old big city political dy nasty lay shattered Wednesday under a tide of democratic votes that swept Martin H Kennelly into office as Chicagos new mayor In the nations first major 1947 test of political trends the demo crats recovered from a stunning setback suffered in last Novem bers congressional and county elections to score their biggest victory in a mayoral contest in 12 years Both sides waged all out cam paigns to win with control of the city hall most likely to have an important bearing on how Illi nois 28 electoral votes go in the 1948 presidential contest Carroll Reece republican na tional chairman had termed the contest an important preliminary engagement to next years presi dential battle Complete returns showed Ken nellys majority was 273354 votes over Russell W Root his republi can opponent Kennellys demo cratic running mates Ludwig D Schreiber for city clerk and Jo seph T Baran for city treasurer also scored easy victories The total vote of 1586941 was the largest in the history of a mayoral ballot Returns from the citys 4054 precincts gave Kennelly 919593 to 646239 for Root The republicans who won 14 of the 17 Cook Chicago county offices last November scored their only gains in the democratic dominated city council By winning 12 of the 19 runoff aldermanic contests the republi cans assured themselves of 18 of the 50 seats in the new city coun cil their largest representation since 1929 when they had 17 Candidates endorsed by the dem ocratic organization won 32 seats in the February aldermanic elec tions and the runoff contests Tuesday Officer Fatally Hurt by Tumble Out of Car Atlantic Jim Clark 71 night police officer was fatally injured Tuesday night when he fell from a moving police car as he attempted to notify a man of the serious illness of his son Clark died Wednesday from a skull fracture The police car driven by an other officer had overtaken a car driven by Ben Pruitt of Earlham Clark fell as he got out of the car before it had come to a com plete stop He was going to tell Pruitt that the condition of his son in a Council Bluffs hospital had become worse SAME CBlick flii means tiilllo doth la put 24 hoar HEAD OF UNION EXPECTSSTRIKE AS SCHEDULED House Labor Committee Approves Legislation to Head Off Walkout Washington Joseph A Beirne president of the National Federation of Telephone Workers said Wednesday that the way things look now a nationwide telephone strike will begin as scheduled next Monday Beirne cave that word to re porters after a 2 hour conference on companyunion negotiations with Edgar L Warren heart of the U S conciliation service and John W Gibson assistant secre tary of labor There is no change in the pic ture whatsoever Beirne said The companies have offered nothing whatsoever If there is no change there will be a strike The strike deadline is 6 a m Monday according to the various time zones Beirnes NFTW repre sents 287000 employes of 39 NFTW affiliates from coast to coast A short time before Beirne spoke the house labor committee approved legislation designed to give the government power to head off or stop the strike Chair man Hartley RN J said he would press for house action on the measure but conceded there was no chance of its passage be fore Monday Warren also told reporters that the situation looked gloomy Ive got no indication from either side that they have changed their position in such a way to bring them closer to a settle ment Warren said in response to questions Hartley said the antistrike legislation was not merely de signed to prevent a walkout but could be used after it starts The measure provides that when the president finds that a labor dispute has resulted in or threat ens substantial curtailment of public utility transportation or communication services he shall direct the attorney general to ob tain a court order to prevent a strike Just prior to the labor commit tees action the NFTW had asked for a congressional investigation of what it called the monopolistic labor policy of the Bell system Several changes were made in the strikeinjunction legislation before committee approved it Fourteen republicans and 2 dem ocrats voted for the bill and 3 democrats against it Six commit tee members were absent Hartley said he had not dis cussed the clement of time for consideration of the bill with the house leadership But he said they have given no indication to me that they oppose it The leaders are planning only routine business for the next week to give as many members as pos sible an Easter holiday Hartley said the bill is not broad enough to cover a coal strike Nor could it cover a rail way strike because the commit tee specified it would not apply to any person or dispute subject to the railway labor act To meet a democratic objection the committee also wrote in a section providing that the attor ney general can ask a court to end an injunction whenever dis puting parties reach an agreement The congressional probe of the Bell system was proposed by J A Beirne president of the NFTW in letters to House Republican Lead er Halleck of Indiana and Senate GOP Leader White of Maine Beirne told Halleck and White that the Bell telephone system has been following a pattern in ne gotiations with the union He said there is evidence that the tele phone industry is insisting on local bargaining but is actually bargaining nationally Meanwhile in Omaha North western Bell Telephone company and union negotiators Wednesday faced differences not only over wages but over the general con tract which expires Thursday This general contract covers collective bargaining and griev ance procedure holiday and vaca tion treatment seniority and force adjustment termination allowance and payroll deduction of dues Northwestern Union General President Roy S Anderson said Tuesday night the company had refused to extend the general con tract on a daytoday basis but proposed instead to extend the contract for 30 days if the union would withdraw its strike notice The union has refused this pro posal Anderson said VicePresident J H Kremers of the telephone company said the union had notified the company in a letter dated March 3 1947 of its desire to terminate the general contract ;