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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, April 02, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 2, 1945, Mason City, Iowa OCMRTMCNT Of HiTORY AM6 ARCHIVES iA NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AVL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Uaited Prra rill Leased cent a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 2 qpfr n TWs Pnper consists at Two One NO 150 RUHR MAY YIELD 150000 One Man s Opinion A Radio Commentary bj W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mason City Sunday p KSCJ Sioux CUT SumUy p o W01 Ames Wednesday a m WBVI town City Wttntitty p m QalBcy J1L Friday m Dont Let Cancer Claim YOUR Life IN this commentary Im going to visit with you about a subject jthat will not be regarded as jpleasant Im going to talk to you jabout that dread disease known as cancer Immediately youre to ob Whos this bird to be try ing to tell me about cancer What does he know about that subject Hes just a country editor Hed better stick to his field Cancer is a subject for the experts And just to set thiusrs straight as between me and my audience rlm admitting right off the bat fthat Im not an expert in any sense of the word What I know Land what Im eoinE to tell you in lathis commentary is something flhat could be learned by any lay man in an hour or 2 of readme 1 make bold to discuss this sub ject for only 1 reason I know that jJ hold the key to my fate so far cancer is concerned If in my Town body I develop something iwhieh MAY be cancer 1 know i that I am flirting with death more than that Im actually inviting Jdeath if I delay even a day visit ring a doctor TIfllAT S true of me in this re jt W gard is likewise true of every Q 1 I 11 1 iCcincei is pecuhatly a pel onal problem It cannot be checked or controlled by scientists or medical Kmeh alone In its conquest every f man and woman has a place to fill and a duty to perform I Thats exactly why without any I medical or scientific credentials I whatever fat visiting with you i on this medical subject in this icommentaijv Its my hope that I I shall be able to direct your alten tion to the allimportant role YOU have in saving YOUR life from this second leading cause of death both in Iowa and in the U S Cancer is exceeded only by heart disease in its ravages While I shall be discussing a i number of other sf the siibject nothing else I shall say i will be onehall as important as this fundamental truth THE GREAT HOPE FOR CANCER i PATIENTS LIES IN THEIR HAVING TREATMENT DURING THE FIRST STAGES OF THE DISEASE i That means SEEING TOUR i DOCTOR AT THE EARLIEST POSSIBLE MOMENT Troops Overrun 3 Airfields Dozen Towns Villages on Okinawa SEIZE 9 MILES LONG 35 MILES DEEP Greatest Amphibious Operation of Conflict 325 Miles From Japan By LEONARD ailLLIHIAN Associated Press War Editor A great force of American sol diers and infantrymen invaded Okinawa island 325 miles from Japan Easter morning and virtu ally without seeing a Japanese soldier overran 3 airfields and a dozen towns and villages Monday they held a 9 mile long sector 3 to Smiles deep on the west coast The operation was the largest of the amphibious Pacific war sup ported by 1400 ships and 15UO carrier planes and it met the lightest opposition the Japanese have put up against major land ing Completely overshadowed were advances throughout the Philip pines where Gen Douglas Iac Arthur reported 10971 enemy dead were counted in the last 5 days MacArthurs totals list 307000 Japanese dead and 30000 ti S casualties Abfol 200 Toki o esrlv Muuuaj raining bombs and incendiaries on the Nakajima aircraft engine factory Tokyo claimed 15 shot down The Okinawa landing was pre ceded ty seizure last week of all 8 islands of the Kerama group lying 15 to 25 miles west of Okin awa in the center of the Hyukyu archipelago and several islets lust west of Okinawa An estimated 60000 fo 80000 Japanese soldiers garrisoned Oki nawa narrow 65 mile lone poten tial air and naval base for Ameri can strikes against Japan occu pied China and Formosa But sporadic mortar and artillery fire and onebrief tank clash wasthe only opposition they offered to perhaps 100000 Americans who walked ashore behind amphibious tanks This is gravy said Lt Gen Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr com mander of the newly created 10th army We expected a tough Japanese troopsapparently to the rugged hills and Buckner who led the 7th infantry division in its conquest of Attu warned undoubtedly we will have a tough time ahead Veteran Maj Gen Roy S Geig er whose 3rd marine amphibious corps is part of Buckners com mand added maybe the Japs have something up their sleeve Adm Chester W Nimitz re i Porting rapid advances inland as not wait until they cause pam sertea our final decisive victory Lumps in the breasts should be j in the Pacific is in view EXTERNAL cancers often be gin as a wart mole lump scab or sore Cancermay develop from ah unhealed wound or an irritated i spot If you have any of these I abnormal developments be on guard If they change in appearance or size see a doctor at once Do YANK OBJECTIVE ON OKINAWAThis preinvasion view of kakagusuku bay on the eastern shore of Okinawa island in the path of American invasion forces who landed on the island At the top is the western shore in general area of where the landings were Tht13lalld 3S approximately 10 miles wide at this point AP wuephoto fiom U f investigated without any delay Internal cancers may often be by the individual before any lump is seen or felt The per son who sits back and does noth ing when there is even a long outside chiroe that he has can cer in the incipient stage is being rankly unfair to himself and to those whose love he cherishes Studies on the national scale have revealed that the chances for cnrink cancer Is approximately 5 times as great when treatment is started1 early than when treatment M started Jate Thats a matter en tirely within the control of the individual The doctor can do nothinguntil the case is brought to him GANCER is by no means a em disease It has mod been known since ancient times Its a reasonable assumption that the rnalady took its toll among our caveman ancestors long before man began communicating with man through the medium of either the spoken or written language The name cancer is derived From the Latin word meaning crab Ancients thought they saw a resemblance between the spreading of cancer and the ex tended claws of a crab Canceris not limited to man alone it is found In all animal life Every human is composed of millions of tiny units called cells During our early years these cells grow rapidly multiplying and or ganizing into skin bone muscle and all that goes into the human body As we approach maturity Continued on Faje Z The Japanese air force made one attempt lo strike 4 planes All were shot down This was while 500 carrier planes swarmed over the island One air observer reported there appeared to he an infantry clash 5 miles inland A Japanese im perial communique insisted heavy lighting was underway The Kerama invasion reported by Tokyo radio when it began last Monday was the work of the 77th Statue of Liberfy division under Maj GenAndrew D Bruce A seaplane base described as the worlds largest was established and navy planes began patrolling Japanese seas last Saturday Byrnes Quits Post Name Vinson Washington resident Roosevelt accepted Monday the I resignation of James F Byrnes as j director of war mobilization and J reconversion and picked Fred M I Vinson to succeed him Byrnes will stay on the job un til Vinsons nomination is approved by the senate Then he will break Vinson into his new duties It was the second change jobs for Vinson in less than a month In March 6 he was nominated fed eral loan administrator Prior to that date he was director of eco nomic stabilization Byrnes had submitted his resig nation on March 24 while prepar ing a report lo President Roose velt and congress which outjjned the plans he has developed for re conversion after Germanys col lapse The report was dated Sunday and Byrnes had hoped to leave of fice Monday Vinson worked closely with Byrnes while serving as stabiliza tion director Before that Vinson was a judge on the federal circuit court of ap peals for the District of Columbia Earlierlie served a long term as a representative from Kentucky Mr Roosevelt said it was with heartfelt regret that he had re ceived Byrnes resignation He said he had no alternative other than to accept but requested the former supreme court justice and senator from Souib Carolina to make the resignation effective when Vinson qualified for the job After turning over the reins to Vinsoii Byrnes plans to take a rest al his home at Spartanburg S Car An aide said he had abso lutely no plans madeafter that J British Strike Toward Bremen Dutch Harbors Along North Sea Coast BULLETIN With U S 1st Germans launched heir first co ordinated attack Monday to break an escape corridor through the allies steel rinu circling the Ruhr Hard fiehting slill was in pro gress early Monday night At last reports doughboys of U Gen Courtney II Hodges 1st army were holding firm and beating back this desperate attempt of Marshal Kesselring to save some of his troops trapped in the Euhr By BOYD D LEWIS tans armies locked perhaps 150000 Ger mans in the bypassed Ruhr basin Mondayand wheeled east ward into central Germany for the final drive to Berlin 152 miles beyond the American 3rd armys racing tank columns Meanwhile British armored divisions drove more than 15 miles beyond Muenster and struck for Bremen and the Dutch North sea ports in a bid to knock out the nazi Vbomb bases and liberate Holland German resistance was broken all along the broad British Manpower Bill Near Its Death Washington manpow er control bill teetered on the verge of collapse Monday Senator Ed Johnson author of the compromise which squeaked through the house by 7 votes declared War Mobilizer James F Byrnes dealt it a death blow in his report to congress over the weekend Johnson took violent exception to Byrnes assertion that the leg islatjnn if cTincicd coulrt Jj riot only for war production but iahlisraid front and a swift dash to the coast that would complete tie liberation of Holland appeared well under way The extent of the German dis aster was growing hourly as re ports from the front poitred into headquarters Late dispatches placed the size of the trapped nazi army at 100000 to 150000 men comprising the last major fight ing force in northwestern Ger many More than 350000 Germans al ready had been captured in March and cocky British and American troops streaming east ward toward Berlin fold reporters the enemys complete collapse would be only a matter of days Front dispatches said milesIons columns of German transport were jamming the roads leading JJtstwarrt frnui JJbllniuV Tnnlsj r laf cars were rcporiud Shanghai WAR INTERESTPointers indicate distances from to Tokyo Iwo Saipan Manila Saigan Formosa and Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and colder Mon day night with diminishing winds Lowest temperature about 25 Tuesday partly cloudy and continued rather cold loua Cloudy with strong winds Monday following by sldwly clearing and diminishing winds Monday night Much colder Monday and Monday night with hard freeze and temperatures falling to near 25 Monday night Tuesday generally fair Warmer west portion Tuesday afternoon IN MASON CITY Maximum Sunday 70 Minimum Sunday Night 34 At 8 a m Monday 34 YEAR AGO Maximum si Minimum 20 Reds Within 20 Miles of Vienna 3 From Wiener Neustadt Arsenal DRIVE HARD AT BRATISLAVA GAP Soviet Columns Within 4 Miles of Vital Railway By EDDY GILMORE Moscow IP Russian forces battled for Neudorfl 3 miles east of the Messerschmitt assembly center of Wiener Neustadt in Aus tria Monday Other soviet columns smashed within 20 miles of Vienna and drove hard against Germans in the Bratislava gap London dispatches said the Bratislava radio went silent and unconfirmed reports said the Rus sians had made a 13mile dash to the outskirts 0f that capital of the puppet state of Slovakia less than 30 miles east of Vienna Spearheads of Marshal Feodor I Tolnukhins 3rd Ukrainian army pounded gap fortifications from the south between captured Sop ron on the Neuseidler See and Wiener Neustadt and pushed into the Lietha mountains farther north The Russians drove within 4 miles from the vital railway linking Vienna with northern Italy East of Bratislava troops pt Marshal Rodion Y Malinovskys 2nd Ukrainian army were moving down the Karpaty mountains west of Trnava and within 12 miles of the capital of the puppet state of Slovakia Another Russian column fought for the railway junction of Lan schultz only 84 miles due east of Bratislava and 5 miles west of Szenc More than 32150 nazi prisoners surrendered in the last 24 hours as Tolbukhin advanced Is miles Sunday in one of the swiftest op erations of the ivar on the eastern front Tanks of Malinovskys divisions driving westward on the south side of the Danube shoulder to shoulder with Tolbukhin wedred far behind the Germans disorgan izing resistance and ranging very close lo Bratislava itself Viennas outer fortress of Wien er Neustadt came under the fire of Tolbukhins artillery Monday Premier Stalin announced in one of 3 orders of the day Sunday that the lonffencircled Oder rircr citadel of Glosau 53 miles north west of Breslau had fallen with a total of 8000 German prisoners after a 7wcek siege The German radio meanwhile said that 450000 Russian troops had opened an allout assault against Stettin Baltic anchor of Berlins defenses along the Oder river Berlin said 3rd White Rus sian army divisions had taken up positions opposite Berlin after marching from East Prussia MINERS ON JOB Extend Contract One Month Talks Continue By CHARLES H HERROLD Washington UP The nation p was assured Monday of at least j another month of strikefree pro j duction in the soft coal fields The threat of an immediate strike was removed when Presi dent John L Lewis sent Easter day telegrams to his United Mine Workers asking them to stay on the job another 30 days under their old contract while he and the mine operators continued ef forts to work out a new one The old contract expired at midnight Saturday The govern ment aware of the miners policy of no contract no work ap peared icaiiy to seize the mines Sunday when Lewis announced that he had requested UMW mem bers to stay on the job The burly mine chieftain said he was doing so because he was con scipuiof the imperative necessity of continuing the production coal for war He and the operators arranged to continue discussions Monday with the war labor board ready lo take a direct hand if there in no substantial progress within a week The first 30 days of nego tiations failed to bring agreement on a single issue The WLB ordered the contract extension Saturday stipulating that any wage adjustments agreed upon should be retroactive to April 1 The operator agreed But a final obstacle arose when Lewis demanded that they Rive bond or written guarantee thnt the miners would get any retroactive pay ment cominz to them That the operators refused to do The WLB called an unusual Sunday session Sunday When it broke up there was every indica tion that the Government would have to seize the mines to keep soft coal production going Soon afterward however came Lewis telegram announcing that he was asking the miners not to strike alsn for the production of esseii moving bumper to bumper in wild race to escape with swarms of allied warplanes bombingand strafing their line of flight Far to the southeast the Ameri can 3rd army battled into the streets of Kasscl pivot of the splintered German defenses in the center of the reich only 165 miles southwest of Berlin Other third army forces raced to the outskirts of Eisenach 40 miles southeast of Kassel There the Americans were 152 mites from Berlin and only go miles from Leipzig target of a red army drive from the east Still farther south the nazi shrine city of Nuernberg was im periled by armored columns of the American seventh army racinc down over the broad plains barely miles to the northwest On the seventh armys right Hank vanguards of t h e French first army were across the Rhine m force on a front of more than 12 miles Late dispatches said the French were more than 13 miles beyond the Rhine and mov mg fast toward Stuttgart 31 miles southeast of their advanced spearheads The avcncing French army led by fierce IMoroccan and Algerian veterans were heading for the castle town of Sigmaringen 46 miles south of Siutlgart where the aged Marshal Henri Philippe Pctain and the Traitor Pierre La val last were reported hiding out under protection of the gcstapo Even more sensational advances were reeled off at the northern end of the battlefront where Field Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgomerys American and Brit ish fores of the 21st army group were sweeping almost unchal across the Westphalian pi n the wideopen roads to and the north German sea ports The ninth armys second ar mored division linked up with the American first army near Lipp stadt 17 miles west of Padcrborn DCS itloincs look a j to seal off the Ruhr white the sock at Iowa after the final gongBrilish and Canadians swung out Monday by sending a wave thc east and northeast in twin cold blustery weather into the power drives into Holland and state after an almost perfecttllc orth German plain Easter German military spokesman ad tial civilian goods and later to facilitate reconversion The Colo radoan called Byrnes statement ffrotesaue and said it effective ly destroyed all chances for sen ate adoption of the conference committee hill Johnson said it had been under stood all the time that the bill was war legislation only and not as its opponents contended for the permanent regimentation of Amer ican manpower Byrnes said Germanys collapse make it harder than now in some areas to hold workers on war jobs He added that if legis lation were provided to keep war workers at their machines the government would be better able to open up civilian production The controversial measure would give Byrnes authority to freeze workers to their jobs es tablish plant employment ceilings and to regulate he hiring of new workers all under jail and fine penalties Even before Johnsons blast the manpower bill obviously had been in a bad way Administration men conceded it was likely to be de feated by 4 to B votes if the roll were called before the return of numerous absentees Whether they would be able to get enough of them back to swing the result was problematical Several senators still planned speeches on the bill The final vote is expected Tuesday or Wed nesday OUTPUT MOUNTS Houston Tex slight ly more than a yeir of operation the Houston plant of the Goodyear Synthetic Rubber of the first standard synthetic rub ber plants in the war has turned out ils 100000000th pound of synthetic This plants production is being converted mto tires and other military uses TRUCKS HIS JINX Houston Tex UR When R C Biering 31 gets out of the hos pital hes going to stay away from all trucks He was injured when his auto collided with a truck The truckdriver loaded him in his truck and started for the hospital A moment 2nd car later the truck hit a WINTER LANDS FOUL PUNCH Strikes Iowa After Perfect Easter Sunday The weather bureau forecast Ut thc tommes were in s colder weather for the state Moni estphahan capital of Muen day night accompanied by a hard j 40 miles beyond in the freeze It said the strong winds I flelefel that swept the state Monday would diminish Monday night Minimum temperatures ranging from 20 above in the northwest to 30 in the southeast were forecast Mason City thermometers were expected to drop to 25 Temperatures were expected to be in the 40s during he day approximately 30 degrees below Sundays readings in most areas Clear skies and mild spring weather prevailed over most of the state Sunday except in the southeast section Burlington had 28 of an inch of rain Keokuk 31 Davenport 17 and Lamoni 02 The highest temperature Sunday was 73 at Ames Council Bluffs Des Moines and Cedar Rapids and the low Sunday night was 31 at Spencer area 189 miles west of the nazi capital The extent of the German col lapse in the north was evidenced in the flaming ruins of Rhcine where the luftwaffe blew up its greatest fighter base in western Germany leaving the broken wchrmacht to the mercy of the allied air forces Allied headquarters gave only the sketchiest details on the en velopment of the Ruhr but it was indicated that doughboys of the American first and ninth armies were swarming through the teem ing factory cities to root out and capture the trapped German di visions there Some nazi units near the east ern end of the pocket were re ported fighting fiercely in a vain effort to break out and rejoin their fleeing army ;