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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 2, 1943, Mason City, Iowa 1 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTOSY AND ARCHIVES wo i NE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY APRIL 2 1943 THJS PAPEB CONSISTS OK POUR SECTIONS SECTION ONE ONE SSEimjNE5JLASTlFAX AREA as HUGE AIR DRIVE in n Dnncr nt On to OTrim 1MTA WOULD BOOST LIVING COST U S FOOD BILL President Wants Farm Benefits Included in Figuring of Parity WASHINGTON it inflationary and dangerous President Roosevelt vetoed Friday the Bankhead bill lo increase farm prices by excluding benefit pay ments in figuring the farm parity price formulas Returning the measure unsigned to the senate Mr Roosevelt said in a message I am compelled to this action by the deep conviction that this measure is inflationary in char acter It breaks down the bar riers we have erected and which we must maintain in order to avoid all the disasters of infla tion It is wholly inconsistent with our stabilization program and therefore dangerous alike o our constructive arm policy and to our whole war effort Administration opponents of Ihe bill which won easy victory in both house and senate have esti mated it would add approximately 51500000000 to the nations an nual food bill It takes a twothirds vote of both the house and senate to override the president and make a vetoed bill law The Bankhead measure originally passed the senate by a vote of 782 The house showed a standingvote in its favor of 149 to At the capitol Democratic Leader Barkley of Kentucky said the senate might vote next week to override the veto but that the house might sus tain Mr Roosevelts rejection of the measure pointing out the socalled city vote is much larger there Barkley told reporters im mediately after the veto message was laid before the senate that it would be taken up next Tues day adding The presidents message puts squarely before congress thc situation affecting inflation and the effort to curb it on all fronts It seems to me thc veto ought to be sustained Senator Bankhead D author of the measure said a de termined effort would be made to override the veto despite the presidents assertion that exclu sion of benefit payments in urmg farm price parity formulas would be inflationary in its ef fects and dangerous alike to our constructive farm policy and to our whole war effort AC Parity prices are those in tended to give a farmer the same purchasing power of non farm goods that he had in some I90S RUSHING THE SEASON7JIajbe they were jut a lit tie but the weather seemed warn enough Thursday when Naida Leeleftand BettyFoster high school students UP as thc suit ofVbrisk nn fy 3USt coujdnt resist temptation to run up ovei the huge mound which all but buried the cottae at the rear They maintain it wasnt cold a bit and was Mr Roosevelt measure goal of farmers ATTACKS MADE ON 5 JAP SHIPS U S Bombers Patter Nipponese Destroyers WASHINGTON members battered a Japanese orce ot five destroyers southwest f Kolombangara while almost at he same lime fighter planes were engaging 30 to 43 Japanese zero fighters and shooting down16 of the enemy planes the navy re ported Friday In these Solomon island en gagements six United States planes were lost in the aerial com bat fought northwest ot Guadal canal island but two of the pilots were rescued Results of the attack by bombers on the Japanese surface force were not observed the navy re ported in a communique which told also of two more attacks on The ice practically covered the east end of the lake Thursday morning About noon the wind began pushing it up onthesouthshore evening all thatremained of the wmters supply was the pile of broken pieces on shore Ali the rest whether it went down ox out does t matter had dissolvedand gone with the wind Friday monimg Clear Lake sparkled invitingly in the blight spring sunshine as boat owners considered putting m docks and launching their craft Lock photo Urges House Discard School Bill Except for Equalization C i I inC j At would go beyond the Aleutians flic i the Japanese base al Kiskn in thc parity income and give an unwarranted bonus at the expense of the consumer He said the farmer is substan ually better off than in the last war but would not remain so if we set loose an inflationary tor nado What he called the present rela tive favorable position of Amer ican farmers he said can be held only if the general stabilization program succeeds and this will succeed only if all groups except those on the very margin of sub t o that for the duration they not only cannot expect lo improve their living standards but must indeed r wlllmg to bcar their fairshare of the cost of stabilization Mr Roosevelt himself estimated the bill might swell the cost of living more than 5 per cent and add move than Sl000000000 to thc consumers food budget and several hundred million dollars o the cost of feeding the armed forces and supplying our aiheT bi is forced up he said War Labor as re one can tell where in creases Jill start or what those Increased wws will ultimately ir farmers a People M the nation If food prices and wages rise me chief executive continued the cost of armaments ships md necessary would mount and the government have In Shooting down of the 16 zeros in thc aerial clog fight off Guadal canal brought to 902 the number of Japanese planes announced here as lost in the Solomons No official explanation of the presence of the Japanese force off Kolombangara island 390 miles from Guadalcanal was given It was presumed because of the pres ence of 1 cargo vessel in the force that it was engaged in carrying supplies to one of the Japanese bases in thc Solomons area pos sibly that at muchbattered Munda borrow even greater sums to meet the cost of the war Urging adherence to thc stabili zation program iUr Roosevelt added I appeal to thc considered judgment of the congress to reject thc Bankhead bill which I am re turning unsigned It will not help Ihe farmer uiih his immediate war difficulties It will make it infinitely harder for the farmer to protect himself for wartime in flation and postwar chaos It will add to the burdens of those most heavily burdened It will make the winning of the war more difficult and gravely imperil our chances of winningthe peace It is impossible Mr Roosevelt declared to control the cost of liv ing unless all its vital elements are stabilized He said the time had come when workers managers and investors realize that living stand ards cannot be improved in a nc of total war Scott Would Cut 437 Page Measure Down to Only 8 Pages DES MOIKES tive George L Scott R West Union filed an amendment Fri day in the Iowa house to discard all of the voluminous school code revision bill except the eaualiza tion feature Thc house by a 45 to 41 vote decided to defer action on the amendment until later Scotts amendment would cut the bill down to eiirht pages As originally presented to the house it totaled 437 pases thc largest measure ever presented to an Iowa lesSlaturc Left undisputed inthe amend ment is an appropriation of SI 000000 a year for local school sup port from the slate treasury A proposed method of distribution would be changed however so that S500COO would be distributed among all school districts while the other half million dollars would be used to help the rela tively poorer districts with their school finances The original bill called for a complete rewriting of all the ne states school laws and also called for permissive combinations of school districts lo save adminis trativc costs Scott called the reorganization section the most dangerous part of the bill illy were very much alarmed about this portion of Ihe measure he saia They arc nol too certain as to what this would do to home rule The Fayette county representa tive pointed out that the big measure was not available for legislative study until 30 days after the session started It should have been available 60 days be fore the session convened he said doubt if any one in this room knows over halt of what is in this bill1 he said Some members have tokl me that they knew less about thc measure after trying to read it than they did before This bill is not written in our lan house members and a fifth per son appointed by the governor Thc house tabled a bill which would have allowed mentally ill persons to be sent to state hos pitals for insane for fibservatioi and examination before fina commitment f RUSSIA TO SEND DELEGATES TO FOOD PARLEYS 8Other Countries Have Also Accepted Invitation to Session V A S H I N C T O N countries including soviet sia already have accepted the Rus United Slates invitation to united nations food conference scheduled for April 27 Secretary of Stale Hull said Friday Invitations were sent last week to 10 members of lie united na tions and eight other countries as sociated with them in thc war At his press conference Fri day Hull noted that acceptances arc coming in rapidly and said he was particularly glad to note thc promptness with which the V S S R accepted Others from which acceptances have been received he said are Australia China he Dominican Republic New Zealand Panama Paraguay Uruguay and the United Kingdom No decision had been reached to the site of the Hull said as conference Asked for his on recent capital hill suggestions that con gress should participate in tome way in the food conference Hull pointed out that thc food parley was planned primarily as a meet ing of experts and technicians rather than food producers gener ally V He added that recom mendations these experts might make as a result of their de liberations would of course he discussed freely with all inter ested quariers guage Scott also fold the bouse thai if his amendment passes he plans to file a joint resolution callin for the appointment of another interim committee of five mem bers lo continue study of the school code and to pay particular attention to School financing The committee he added would h composed of two senators two 2 Meatless Days for Waterloo Restaurants Water loo restaurant owners association lias voted not to serve meat on Tuesdays and Fridays because of the meat shortage Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued cool Friday afternoon and Friday night Lowest temperature Fri day night 25 Nol 30 cool Sat urday forenoon IOWA Continued cold Friday night and Saturday forenoon MINNESOTA Rising temperature north and west portions Friday night and southeast portion Saturday forenqon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday Minimum Thursday night At 8 a m Friday D2 24 26 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum The food conference will con cern itself with basic food pro duction and distribution problems likely lo confront the world after thc war Problems of emergency food relief for war torn areas will be separately handled al another united nations conference on re lief of herabilitation In reply to other questions Hull said a date for the AngloAmeri can conference at Bermuda on refugee problems would be an nounced soon cast air base their advanced middle President Roosevelt announced plans for thc conference several weeks ngo in Washington indi cating then that it would be lim ited strictly to executive sessions Deliberations over such prob lems as food production and dis tribution nutrition and commer cial and financial arrangements for the entire program are sched uled to begin April 27 al a point as yet undcsignnlcd The state de partment recently announced that 33 governments have been invited to send their technical experts to lie conference 14 X i While it was known that Rus sia had been invited to partici pate Fridays official announce ment was believed ti be thc first indication of thc soviet reaction and it immediately cave rise lo speculation concerninc other conferences on varied postwar problems Following talks with Biitish Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden a few days ago the president pro jected the possibility of an early RussianAmerican conference on current and postwar issues while avoiding disclosure of specific de tails concerning such meetings He made it clear that he and Eden had laid a pallcni for additional huddles among various members of thc united nations However until Fridays an nouncement there had been no of ficial indication as to how Mos cow might be inclined towards such suggestions Especial emphasis had been laid on thc food ils probable importance as an opening wedge for other inter national past two or three days by an openly voiced congressional yearning to be represented At first announcing plans for the conference Mr Roosevelt ex pressed a preference for holding it at some small the re sult that reports immediately cir culated to thc effect that several mediumsized midwcslcrn cities were being considered as possible sites Gain Time LONDON UPTie smashin lOOplane flying fortress raid on Sardinia was interpreted here inday as defining the possible route and probable fate of any axis attempt to duplicate DUH kerque m rollcut from Tunisia out unofhcial observers it was more likely the nazis would light lo the death under orders from Adolf Hitler o buy more time for defense of Ihe continent Despite thc cost in men and material and ils effect on the morale of the German people such a stand would fit the recent delensemmdcdness displayed bv Hitler and his general staff when faced with the gathering power of tlie allied onslaught A decree of doom for Col Gen Jurgen Vou A minis hastilygath ered army and Field Marshal lir wm Rommels veteran corps would be dictated bv these necessities 1 An attempt o dclav llic al lied nioppingup of North Africa to the last minute taking the heaviest toll in tiic hope of gain ma time against the inevitable in vasion of the continent 2 Thc need to husband what is left of thc Italian war fleet against invasion day rather than risk the extreme losses that pow crlul allied air md sca concen trations might inflict on eoverin vessels as well as any evacuation licet Reports reaching here from Bern indicate that Hitler already may have given Marshal Rommel orders to hold to the last man but Kommol probably will not be sac rificed These reports indicated Rom mel would be named commander m chief of the whole southern E u r o p e a n Prime Minister Churchill culled Ihe soft underbelly of would direct defenses from thc Italian snore lo Spam V That would be a considerable departure from Hitlers previ ous policy TJic German fuehrer has shown litlle use for de feated generals At Stalingrad he elevated Friedricli von Paut us to tiic rank of field marshal then left him to thc fate of a soviet prison ramp A neuters report from Zurich Switzerland said an unconfirmed assertion had come out of Italy that Rommol would have the of ficjal title of Observer and Mil itary Adviser to the Italian Hih Command after he arrived In Italy to reorganize Italys de fenses and indirectlv to assume command of the Italian antiin vasion army The Germans have broadcast a denial of reports that their Grand Admiral Karl Docnitz is to com mand thc Italian fleet but the London Daily Mail reports that Premier Mussolinis cabinet will lold an important m e e t i n g Sunday presumably to ratify the choice of the German Uboat ace as thc supreme axis sea boss It was said however that the Italians were unwilling to risk their remaining warships on any salvage mission Reports from Madrid said hat if Germany tried to save any of thc North Africa force she would use French ships and that the axis already was preparing to nut Italian crews aboard some 351 French mcrclintitmcn tied up in Mediterranean ports In thc inside information1 col umn of the Daily Sketch of Lon don it was declared German civil ians arc flooding out of Spain Thc report which failed to quote ils source said 2000 Ger mans most of whom have been in official or semiofficial jobs were booked to pass thc frontier at Iruu within a day or two and were understood lo be returning for army and other service Declaring diplomatic observers regard this as a Rood sign the report added Germany would not be withdrawing these men it is argued if she still iiad designs on Spain and intended right of way through sula lo North Africa to demand the penin Destroyer Sullivans to Be Launched Sunday SAX FRANCISCO UR and Mrs Thomas Sullivan of Waterloo Iowa arrived in San franciseo Friday for thc launching Sunday of Ihc U S S Ihc Sulli vans destroyer named in memory of their five sons who were lost when Ihc cruiser Juncau was sunk Launching of the Sullivans will climax a series of eight San Francisco bay area Inuncliings Two rescue vessels were launched Thursday Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobcGazcttc carrier lioy STEADILY HITS AXIS SOLDIERS Nearly 100 Bombers Take Part in Assault in Southern Tunisia BULLETINS ALLIED HEADQUARTERS XOKTI1 AFRICA Envin Hummers Afrika korps making a desperate bid to break an allied trait struck the Amer ican lines east of El Guclar Fri day with y tanks while front dispatches revealed hat Gen DwiRlit D Eisenhower and Gen Sir IScrnard L Montgomery had held a council of war in the field to perfect plans for smashing the last axis bridgehead in Af rica IOXDON W The R o m c radio announced Friday that Admiral Curio Bcrgamini had been appointed commander in chief of Italian naval battle forces Admiral Eiluardo Somhrli was apDiiintcd commander in chief of naval forces protecting merchant traffic There was no elaboration of these changes in thc Italian navy but thc devel opment occurs with Ihe status of the Italian fleet becoming a pressing question as thc allies bring thc battle of Tunisia closer lo an end WITH FORCES NORTHERN TUNISIA UR British troops and armor ad vancing six miles eastward from Scdjenane Friday passed El Aduana station 22 miles south west of the naval base and only four miles short of thc Bare hills from which the Ger mans attacked a month axo By VIRGIL PINKLEY ALLIED HEADQUARTERS North Africa allied air forces struck another tremen dous blow in the last 24 hours with a relentless bombardment of the Sfax urea and attacks on the BizeMe iraval base and othci strategic targets in Tunisia a communique from Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers headquarters dis closed Friday The steady allout aerial offen unfavorable weather in northern constant rain of bombs on thc im portant rear positions of Marshal Erwin Rommel in the Sfax area some 70 miles north of Gabes 34th Divisions Part in Routing Rommel Stressed ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN TUNISIA sources at allied headquarters analyzing thc campaign which smashed the Mareth line and drove Marshal north ward into an area which offers no gnod defensive positions short of Ihc ridges some 80 miles beyond Marclh stressed the im norlancc of thc aid KIVCII the eighth army by General Pultons columns They pointed out that thc thc first uml 3lth divisions and the firsl armored regained all the ground losl before Ihe midFebruary axis offensive at the center American flank attacks in the El Guclar Miknassy and Fon donk areas had constituted n real menace lo thc enemy and occupied considerable forces there while General Montgom ery was smashing at thc Marcth line and encircling it these sources added Thc British desert air force there probably exceeded on Thursday anything it accomplished in a single day during the great El Alnmein ucrial offensive Almost 100 British bombers in cluding South African Bostons HAF Baltimore and American Mitchells took part in the big at tack on thc Sfax sector They were escorted by American warhawk fighters from thc south African and Australian air forces md spitfires from the RAF All of he allied planes returned safely in dicating that thc enemy was un able or unwilling to put up much opposition in the sky In the attack on Bizcrte thc al lied planes dropped a number of pound block busters A large force of bombers also attacked the air fields at La Fauconnerie and El Djcm 42 north of Gabef which had once been reported as Rommels head quarters On the ground thc British first army under Lt Gen K X Anderson hammered out new ad vances cast and north of Setijcn anc tin he norlhcrnmost Tunisian ;