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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 2, 1941, Mason City, Iowa I If NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVII ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UKJTED PRESS FULL LEASED WOttST FIVE CEjNTS A COPY THE NEWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Chan Chans Last Heavy Rain in 25 EDITORS NOTE This is another of a series of articles written by W Earl Hall Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor in the course of a tour through South America as one of a party of 12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for In ternational Peace Number By EARL HALL ON THE S S SANTA LUCIA EN ROUTE TO CALLAO PERU Humboldt current origi nating in the antArctic ocenn is not an unmixed blessing so far as South American countries with a Pacific coast i are concerned I am reminded of this as I look outmy porthole and view a barren and sandy coastline with not so much as a tree or other item of vege table life ex cept in an oc casional spot here irriga tion has been provided ltrs true that the current keeps this equatorial area cooler than otherwise it would be But by the same token it is responsible for the almost com plete absence of rain between sea and mountains Heres what hap pens Moisturc laden air over the cur rent is cooled and caused to dis charge its excess moisture on the it does no good Then the air moves in over the land where H becomes warmer Warm air of couse can hold more mois ture than cool air The result is that Salavcrry Trujillo Callao Lima and numerous other coastal towns on the western shoreline of South America get a real rain no more often than once every 15 years It was in 1923 thai Chan Chan scat of the preInca ruins experienced its last heavy downpour The slorm assumed cloudburst proportions and more damage was caused to the adobe ruins in a day than hart been wrought by centuries of time with a few hundred earth quakes thrown in for good mcaT sure Just above Saiaverry is a siz able peak The upper portion is a barren chocolatecolored rock formation The bottom half how ever is covered over by an im mense drift of sand pushed in by the waves from the ocean and carried up against the mountain by the always shoreward wind And strangely enough soil which appears to be no more than sand or gravel responds almost miracu lously when water is applied I shouldnt have been too surprised about this I knew about Califor nia which has been captured from the desert by the device of irriga tion Here are just a few of the ran dom recollections from my 15 mile ride by automobile on a Peruvian section of the panAmerican high way Scores of children swimming in the Saiaverry harbor surf shops and private homes set flush against the street all of adobe surprisingly s moot h hardtop pavement on a sand base chil dren swimming in the dirtiest stream I ever saw Roadside signs Jesus Salva reminiscent of North American highways lonely cemetery set at the bottom of a great sand dune tiny locomotive snort ing along on a railroad parallel ing our highway with five cars of sugarcane steeples of im posing cathedral looming in dis tant Trujillo city if 30000 founded bv Conquistador Rough cobblestone street children playing in street and pay ing little attention to approaching cars central plaza with gor scous array of flowers with heroic liberty statue in center two imposing salesrooms for American made lowpriced automobiles Enormous ranch of the late W R Grace founder of the great line of fteamships of which the Santa Lucia is one irrigation ditches producing sugar cane rivaling Iowas best corn for height Indian mother nursing tiny baby as she rides along side of road on a donkey Gracious hospitality ot Larco Henera brothers at their Chiclin hacienda nevertobeforgot ton visits through preInca ruins and preInca museum return trip to Salavcrry with a nonEng lish speaking driver whod be down to the last stub of his drivers li cense if he lived in Iowa trans fer from elevated wharf into lighter in a crane propeller bas ket community singing during trip shij in harbor most gorgeous jimscl of trip thus far MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY APRIL 2 1941 MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT PAPKn CONSISTS Of two SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 148 TRYTOSPLITFOURTH DISTRICT Score Hurt in Ford Strike Disorders SUMMON STATE POLICE TO PUT DOWN TROUBLE Miles of Pavement Littered With Bolts Bricks After Fights D E T R O I T strikers srmed with wooden slaves battled I nonstrikers wielding iron pipes and wrenches ui the streets of suburban Dearborn Wednesday resulting in more than a score of injuries and an order by Gov Murray D Van Wagoner for Michigan slate police to restore peace in a strike it the Ford Mo tor companys huge Rouge paint Miles of pavement were lit tered with bricks and metal bolts hurled by the opposing factions as the CIO struck at the last nonunion stronghold of the automobile industry A flying brick knocked one mounted Dearborn policeman from his horse Union otficials maintained a tight barricade or streets leading to the plant and contended that operations oC the factory had ceased except for the mainte Use Armored Cor Against Riots nance workers mitted to enter the the union per gates No River Rouge Plant Is in Heart of Big Factory System DETROIT River Itoure plant of the Ford Motor company where a strike was called Wednesday is the heart of the fabulous industrial em pire It is located near Dearborn where Hie River Rouffe flows into the Detroit river and em Ploys approximately 86000 men the largest single factory unit in the world The plant covers 1096 acres and the buildings have a floor area of more than 7250 000 square feet Wjthin its gates arc blast furnaces a locomotive re pair shop the largest foundry in the world open hearth fur naces steel plant and rolling mill paper mill glass factory laboratories and a cement plant The factory has 14 miles of roadways an 92 miles of rail road tracks Almost all of the products manufactured licrc arc shipped to assembly plants throughout the country statement was made by the Ford management on whether enough employes slipped past the pickets to resume production which was paralyzed when f h e strike began Tuesday night Leroy J Smith county high way commissioner notified Hie war d c p a r t m c n l tlic rj S marshal and the district attor ney thai strikers had seized a bascule bridge across the Rouse river in an effort lo tighten their blockade of tlic Ford plant He said navigation and vehicu lar traffic across the bridge had been liailed which employs more than 85000 workers State police were reported to have about 50 officers ready for service in the strike emergency More than 100 Dearborn police headed by Chief Carl A Brooks bad been the only law enforce ment officers active at thejsceiVi prior to the governments order for state police Officials of the United Auto mobile Workers CIO who called Ihe strike shortly after midnight charging deliberate provocation by the Ford man agement claimed Tuesday morning that the strike was completely effective The UAWC10 Ford Organiz ing committee offered Wednesday morning in a telegram to direc tors of the office of production management at Washington to send back to work in the Fovd plant all its members needed for work on national defense orders The telegram informed William S Knudsen and Sidney HilJman If you can obtain the companys cooperation we arc ready to have a representative ot OPM or the U S department of labor in dicate which Rouge employes are needed for national defense work and to facilitate their entrance into the plant Harry II Bcnncll Foril per sonnel director said the strike shows an extremely unpatri otic attitude on Ihe part of the communistic clement lu ruin our national defense effort The Ford company has some 5155000000 in defense orders In formed sources expressed belief that work on an order for 1500 small army trucks was the only actual defense production under vay currently at the Rouge plant Ford vessels regularly ply the although an airplane engine fac ousc rivrr i a New British Bomb Is 5 Times as Strong as Earlier RAF Missiles LONDON new type of British bombMusecl for the first time in an airplane raid on Em deii Germany Tuesday has five I times the blasting effect ot any bomb previously dropped by tlie Royal Air Force Ihe ministrv for aircraft production said day The bombs are filled with some extremely effective explosive can 6YRD DEMANDS PLANT REOPEN Telegram From Heil to F R Is Referred to OPM Other Agencies WASHINGTON Senato Byrd D Va demanded in the senate Wednesday the fed oral government act with jrm ness to reopen the strikeclosed ALLIS FACTORY CLOSES RIOTS FLARE UP ANEW Governor Whose Car Was Stoned Wires F R Situation Out of Hand MILWAUKEE strike bound AllisChalmers Manufac turing company scene of riotous outbreaks in which 18 persons were injured suspended produc tion Wednesday at llic request of state and local nuthoritics seek ing to prevent recurrence ot dis order and bloodshed The order closing Die huge sub urban West Allis plant came Tuesday night alter peace officers had clashed in a threehour battle with CIO strikers and sympathiz ers ivho attempted to break up a backtowork movement climax ing the 71 day strike v Company President Max Babb announcing the shut down stated that he acted at the urgent request of Gov Julius Hcil and Sheriff Joseph 1 Stunners and thai the situation now was in the hands of the federal government for action Heil whose automobile was stoned in the thick the battle also announced that he had wired President Roosevelt that the sit uation is absolutely out of control of all the peace officers available I am notifying you in order that you may direct such action as you deem advisable Heil tele graphed In Ihe meantime in or der to prevent bloodshed I nm di recting the company to cease all production operations The outbreak of violence was the second within 24 hours at the plant which was reopened last Friday at the request of Navy Claim Plans Made Should U S Fight ROME Virginio Gaydo the fascist editorial spokesman indicated Wednesday that Adolf Hitler and Bcnitu Mussolini had reached agreement with Japa nese Foreign Minister Yosuko Miitsuoka on Japans action in event the Unit ed States en gages in hos tilities agiiinst the axis pow ers even with out formal clcc I a ra t i o n of war AI a special press confer ence with Ger man and lial i a n reporters Malsuoka said MATSUOKA he had had several Inlks with Foreign Minister Galeaxzo Ciano on questions of he most pressing importance He described the with Premier Mussolini frank exchange of views on all problems interesting to the two countries and the world This interview he said made a deep impression on him Stefani oliicial Italian news agency said Mitsuoka spoke with emotion of the paternal kindness with which the pope re ceived him He bad u private 65 minute audience with Pius Xll at the Vatican city Wednesday Later Matsuoka and United States Ambassador William Phil lips exchanged cards be ore the ambassador left for Milan to meet his wife who is enroutc to Rome from the United States v vw UJL iU 1KCC10SC1 able of destroying buildings over a AllisChalmers plant at Milwau wide the ministry said kcc Wis The concussion would be felt i Earlier it had been announced many miles away at the white house that a telc Ihe ministry for aircraft pro duction has for some time been conducting research work which led to the production of these bombs constant endeavor will be to make them still larger bctter and more catastrophic in their ef fects In view of the devastating na ture of the bombs which are o very large size it was difficult tn find a sufficiently large uninhab ited area in this country for test ing their blasting power Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cloudy Wednes day night ind Thursday with occasional sbmvers ioivcsl lem from Gov Julius p Heil of Wisconsin suggesting federal ac tion in the strike had been re ferred to tlie office of production management and other interested agencies Reading reports of the clashes at the plant and resultant clos ing Senator Byrd criticized Secretary of Labor Perkins for failure to certify this case to the newly created defense media tion board We have lost 50000 work days in March alone a result of strikes at defense plants the sen ator said The strike outlook Wednesday morning is blacker than ever before that the new medj Eation board created by President TlTmVdav Iacl power to on I force its decisions Senator Byrd Rouge river with materials shipped supplies and from Great an Lakes ports and dock at the plant itself Wednesdays violence ccnte at gate 4 on Miller road but lated clashes broke out over area extending several blocks away Union officials reported several strikers were lacerated one suffered possible fractures of both arms and others were slashed by knives or razors wielded bv tory within the confines of the plant is nearly ready to start operations Bennett said that eight men the I ciliator James K Dewcy rani rampant in the plant cursing peo ule who didnt feel of the same j mind as they did about the j We will not under any coni oi razors wielded bv ul llul uiiucr any conI Negro nonstrikers many of them lcicral011 take llcsc men back YEAR AGO n Into iHo IOWA Cloudy occasional show ers Wcdcnsday night and cast and south Thursday warmer extreme cjst somewhat colder extreme west Wednesday night somewhat colder Thursday MINNESOTA cloudy occasional rain south and extreme east light snow northwest and north central Wednesday night occa sional rain southeast light snow northeast Tluirsdav colder ex cept n o r t h w e s t Wednesday night colder south and extreme cast Thursday IN MASON7 CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 5L Minimum Tuesday night 2 At 8 a m Wednesday 36 in the Rouge plant foundry Traffic in Dearborn in a wide area about the Ford plant was thrown into the utmost confusion Strie Strikers pulled a trolley pole oft one street car blocking the line f The governor maintaining close contact with the strike situation from headquarters in a Detroit hotel where he con ferred with state police officials and state labor mediators an nounced he was ordering the full available strength of the state police to attempt to end clashes between strikers and nonstrikers into the plant Bennett contin ued He said lie had talked to Henry Ford founder ot tlic com pany Wednesday morning and that Ford supported this stand Shortly after 7 a m when dav shuts normally arc reporting for work about 150 pickets with bricks and clubs battled groups employes climbing over a ence to reach the plant grounds east of gate 4 A few minutes later about 200 men mostly Negroes armed with steel rods bolts and bits of metal emerged from gale 4 on Miller road and began pelting the CIO pickets who picked up the missiles and threwthem back Police were virtually helpless I intermittent was ported from several points intervened and coaiated Fords big Rouge plant the them escorting the worlds largest industrial unit i back into the plant Maximum Alinimum Precipitation EASTER SUNDAY April 13 9 shopping doys left only will firm meas accomplish anything nw Stephen T Early white house press secretary emphasized that norequest for federal troops was contained in the Heil telegram nor1 hadthe government received such a reducsl from any other source Early said the lelegram was being referred lo all agencies concerned with a request for SHEgcslions Q In roponsc to question how ever lie reiterated President Roosevelts statement of Tuesday thai present government machin ery for handling defense strikes would be given a fair chance be fore other steps arc taken Early said nothing had been received at the white house on the strike at the Ford Rouge plant HARLAN AREA HARLAN Ky men were shot to death and five others were wounded Wednesday at the mine in a violent outbtirt of gun Crummies Creek Coal company play in the Harlan county bitu minous coal fields Two of the dead men were iden tified at the hospital here as Os car Goodwin and Virgil Hampton both of Lynch Ky Tlie other dead unidentified arc a while man and a Negro First reports reaching here said more than 100 shots were fired during the disorder NEW PLAN WINS FIRST TEST IN STATE SENATE Donahue and Elthon Fight Against Odds to Preserve Present 4th TJES MO INKS new congressional redistricting plan offered in the Iowa senate Wed nesday by the committee on re districting stood its first test with votes to spare With minor changes it was the plan proposed Tuesday afternoon by Senators Berg Goode and Henningsen and referred imme diately to committee along with tlie original majority plan and all pending amendments The chamber voted just before noon Wednesday to substitute the revised Berg Goode I Icnningscn conversation pian for the mnjority plai which has been under attack ever since its introduction a week ago The plan throws Denlon coun ty into the new second district Winnebago into the new third and Monona into the seventh Before the chamber gan take A final vote on the plan how ever it must dispose of another proposal offered in the closing moments of Wednesday morn inss session bv Senator E Douohuc U New majority flour leader a n il Senator Leo Elllion I Fer who fought against odds to preserve the present fourth district INJURED WHILE RIDING BICYCLE Clay Thomas f6 Struck by Car After He Cut Through Drive Clay Thomas IB son of Mr and Mrs Claude Thomas Monroe uvenue northwest was knocked unconscious when struck by y car driven by Russell Enright Delaware avenue northeast about oclock Wednesday afternoon The accident occurred on Third street northwest near the drive way of the Roy Everts service station 220 Washington avenue northwest Enright was drivin cast on Third street and the car struck the boy as he came on to the street after cutting through the station driveway on his bicycle according to police Examination at the Park hos pital where the boy was taken following the accident showed a broken left wrist and bruises He will remain at the hospital for further examination COVER NOIl HEIL niiln stopped Secretary Knox and OPM Co Director Knudicn to speed up production on in ur gently needed defense orders During the nighl ot the melcc peace officers showered tear gas and turned lire hoses on strikers who retaliated by throwing rocks and other mis siles which broke hundreds of windows at the plant Most of the 8 injured at least 10 of whom were hurt seriously were deputies and special officers struck by rock or sickened by tear gas fouricen of those hurt were taken to Milwaukee General hospital while others were treated at the plant hospital A crowd of strikers and sym pathizers surged through police lines and stormed the plant broke down a section of an eight foot fence and smashed windows and threw paint on Hells car during the wildest part of the melee The fight started at p m CST as Heil started to talk to the men from a sound truck While he spoke a crowd ot about 50 tried to smash their way through the gates They were met with water from lire hoses and re treated The governor then took refuge in the plant leaving his car outside where it WES damaged When he left in it later he was stoned Deputies stood off charges of strikers at the gates reinforced by about 50 workers armed with steel bars at the point where tlie fence was broken down They used the bars lo rap strikers on the hands when they tried lo climb over the fence The day shift which the com pany said was about 60 per cent ST ANSGAR MAYOR DIES John F Bernstein 63 Was in Hardware Business 35 Years ST John F Bernstein S3 died Tuesday at his home here following a few weeks illness tie had been a resident ot St Ansgar tor many years and served as its mayor for the past five years Bernstein was m the hardware I for years Surviving arc a brother Bert i of Gatski Minn and two sisters Mrs Elsie Xelson and Mrs Adolph Mueller of St Ansgar He was not married Riles have not been completed of normal was the plant until maroomvi inside the clisturbancrs fjuictcd clown after 6 p m Offi cers were unable to use the ar mored car which had been effec tive in dispersing crowds earlier in the day alter the tear gas shell throwing device jammed Tlic first disturbance in lie long strike came Monday night Police used tear gas but no in juries were reported then The strike was called Jan 22 bv the United Automobile Workers local which demanded a union shop or some form of union security wage increases and seniority adjustments The company reported 1441 production men reported for wort on the rlay shift Tuesday The noting started shortly before they were scheduled to RO home and the night shift was to report and prevented progics into or out of the factorv Under the proposal approved Wednesday morning the fourth would be halved and given part to the new third district and part to the new second The vote to substitute Ihe BergGoodeHenningscii plan for the majority monkey wrench district plan was as follows Republicans Bckman Benon Berg Byers Clark Dykhouse Emerson Evans Fuller Goode Harvey Ilcnningseii Hcs Hill Jones Keir Long Lucidy Lynes Martin Miller Mowry Munger Shaw Talbotl Turner Whitehill Democrats Augustine Baldwin Mercer Republicans Corwin Cromwell Dewcy Donohue EHiion Paul Findlay Hart Battery Hunt Love Pclzcr Sjulin Stewart Watson Zeigler Democrats Johnson Vrbii Compared lo the vote Tuesday when tiie original Menningscn uoode plan lost by a vote of 23 to 2a the revised minority plan Wednesday lost one in the present sixth district gained four in the seventh which voted solid lv against it Tuesday gained two in the eighth and four in the ninth Kllhnn was accused ol au lemptiiisr to appeal to farm ver sus city prejudices Wednesday in Ins argument iis membriinrnt iif Ihe present fourth district Senator Frank C Bvers n Cedar IJapids declared Wu have more farms in Linn county than the senator fron Worth ftltbon has in hi county probaoly have more than he has m his entire district The majority plan would have set up two monkey wrench shaped districts in eastern Iowa tn an attempt to preserve as much as possible of the present fourth district in tic process ot dissolv ing tiio present democratic second district One of these nev districts would extended from DubiKjuc am Jackson coun ties on the cast to Hardin county on the west The other would have paralleled it running from Clinton and Scott on tile cast tn Maishril and Jasper on tlic west Tlic lineup of counties in the Plan which the committee offered to the renalc Wednesday morn ing was as First Iowa Johnson Cedar Scott Washington Louisa Muscatine Jefferson Henry DCS Moincs Van Huron and Lcc Second d i s t r Aliamakcc Kayctte Clinton Bu chanan Delaware Dubuquc Ben ton Limi Jones Jackson and Clinton Third Worth Mitchell Howard Ccrro Gorrto Floyd C h i c k a s a w Franklin Butler Brcmcr lUrdin Gnmcly Black Hawk Marshall and Tama fourth Pow esrnek Mahaska Keokuk Union Clarke Lucas Monroe Wapello Kinggold Dccatur Wayne Appa noosc and Davis Vitih tory Dallas ;