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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 1, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS AILY PAPER DITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION Tmrir J A WOL LIV Aaoctatcd Md Unitri Pr FuU Wjre Five Onto Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY APRIL 1 1948 Thfa Pper of Two QP Kft149 STRIKE SPAIN FROM LIST FOR ERP 1 IOWA PUBLIC OPINION Favor Instructed Iowa Delegates to GOP Session The delegates to the republican national convention at Philadel phia should be instructed for a particular candidate a majority of Iowa republican voters believe A crosssection of Iowa voters was interviewed by the IOWA PUBLIC OPINION PANEL on the eve of the state republican con vention Those claiming GOP al legiance were asked Do you think the state convention should in struct the delegates for some one candidate for president or not The replies Yes 52 No 36 No opinion 12 Who Voters Wont Nominated Voters who say they would support any republican nominee in preference to Truman or Wal lace include the republicans 13 of the democrats 21 of the independents Their first and second choices are as follows fsl ClioJc To Stassen 26 Dewey 19 Taft MacArlhur Vandenburg Eisenhower Warren Martin Undecided 8 9 8 r 0 1 24 In A Choice 11 3 7 i 4 I 2 0 Total ft 37 28 15 15 12 6 2 1 Stassen Leading Republican If lowans were voting today President Truman would be over whelmingly defeated by any re publican presidential nominee Former lowaii Henry Wallace runs a poor 3rd in any combination of candidates Of the various republican candi dates Stassen has the widest mar gin over Truman and Wallace Stassen 46 Truman 19 Wallace 3 Undecided 32 Of the other J republicans ac tively seeking the nomination Governor Dewey is a stronger candidate than Senator Tallt Dcwcy 41 Tali 39 Truman 21 Truman 24 Wallace 3 Wallace 3 Undecided 35 Undecided 34 The strength of the 3 most prominently mentioned republi can dark horses is as follows Vandburg 39 Truman 18 Eishower 3B Trumaii 19 MacArthur 38 Truman 21 In each of the above races Wal lace would poll his consistent with the balance undecided Trumons Message to Congress Seven of every 10 Towans who have heard or discussed President Trumans recent speech to con gress lee that our military strength should be increased About hall1 of lhese who want iii creasecl military strength believe there is clanger oi immediate war with Russia but the other halt say there is little chance of war within the next 5 years Four out of 5 of those inter viewed in the week immediately following the presidents speech had read heard or discussed it When asked which of the follow ing alternatives best described their reactions to the speech 35 say There is very serious danger of immediate war with Russia and President Trumans proposals should be carried out at once 37 The situation is serious and we need to increase our mili tary strength somewhat but there is little chance of var with Russia within the next 5 years 1 What Russia has done so far is not a great threat to the United States and war can probably be avoided 13 The talk was largely for political effect to build up President Trumans chances in the election next fall 8 have no opinion Copyrifht 1M8 Central Surveys Ine Vi TRUMAN WANTS BUilON FOR DEFENSE FUND Also Ask to BuildUp Strategic and Crifcal Materials Washingtoir President Truman ad vied congress Thurs day that an dditional 000 will be for national de fense Mr Trumfi made this known in a letter toHouse Speaker Mar tin Mass In the letter the president aio asked that the treasury deprtmcni be authorized immediatelyio contract for 000000 to blld up stocks of stra tegic and epical materials The present said the request for the for defense wi be sent to congress shortly It Jill be on top of the already requested for nation defense for the 12 months bepning next July 1 Before JTrumans letter a ranking ofcial told reporters the president d put a top limit of around on the ex tra moneyhe armed forces would ask right for preparedness This who asked not to be identified name said the presi dent base his decision to halve the militafs own request on the assumptio that war is not in evitable in any event will not break oufoon He saiithe president told the chiefs of ie armed forces in lay ing dowrthe top figure that he wants i peace program not a war Earlier whitehouse officials had forest a top of about 0000000 The possibility re mains tit items not of a direct militaryiature may be added One sfh proposal is the build ing of nf merchant vessels which could t converted into troop ships B even it a ship program is adofc the oficial said it will note near the size mftioned in some prepared ness diiissions The tficial said the president took thposition that 1 Tl new an incuse in trained men through the drt and universal military trainiriwould help assure peace by shoing Paissia that the United States capable of acting to stop comnwst aggression 2 Ilalsp would be within the spendfe limits that Mr Truman thinkshe nation can bear without the tfeat of sharp inflation and fullsde wartime ing pee ceilings and manpower centre Thotticial said the president is deterined to dovetail the prepar ednes program and foreign aid spelling into other government operaons in such a way as to hold he inflationary impact to a minkim WALLACE LEAVES UNDER Patrolmen and detectives form a Henry A Wallace 3rd party presidential candidate as he leaves a Brooklyn school house where he spoke Wednesday night New York An estimated 500 demonstrators shouting Down with Russia Down with communism booed Henry A Wallace Wednesday night as the 3rd party presidential candidate carried his campaign into Brook lyn Bearing U S Hags and the ban ners of several veterans qrganiza tkms the demonstrators marched in an endless column around a school in Brooklyns Red Hook sec tion where the former vicepresi dent spoke They continued their shouts and boos during Wallaces speech the first of 2 he made before Italian American rallies in different sec tions of Brooklyn The 3rd party leader outward ly unruffled by the demonstration said in his address that U S for eign policy is breeding civil war for Italy Wallace contended that Presi dent Trumans administration was aligned on the side of huge mon opolies in Italy He charged that the United States policy was blocking Italian reform and as serted that this country con tinues to cater to the interests of American and Italian monopo lies Italy will choose communism or go fascist under the pressure of unresolved problems There was no demonstration during Wallaces 2nd speech Wallace entered and left the Red Hook school house through a side door A heavy police guard es corted him through the lines ot the marchers who chanted You can have dont want too red for us The demonstrators could be heard inside the building during Wallaces talk IU Orders Negotiations Locals H L Green 68 Local Shoe Dealer Dies in Hospital Funeral Arrangements Are Incomplete for Mason City Businessman II L GREEN U L Green 68 partner in the Nichols and Green shoe store died at a local hospital shortly after noon Thursday following an iil ness of one month IMr Green was born at Rock Falls 111 in 1880 the son of Irvin and Lois 1 Green His father was a Methodist minister He attended hiffii school at Livermore and worked in a lumberyard and frcn eral store before gomfv into busi ness for himself in 1004 In 1007 he was married to Stella Bergen and in 1908 they moved to Mason City where he had since made his homo He was a member of the First Presbyterian church TRUMAN ORDERS COAL MEETING Confers With High Government Officials Washington r e s i d e n Truman called conference Thursday of top government of ficials involved in the soft coa strike The with Attorney was to confer General Tom Clark Secretary of Interior J A Krus Secretary ofLabor Lewi B Scluvellenbach and Cyru Chinff federal mediation director The meeting of government of ficials was called as some sof coal operators weighed the idct of offering John L Lewis a one year contract with a detaile pension plan in an effort to end the 18day miners walkout White house press Surviving are his wile 3 dauyh f 1CHse s1ecrearj era Chester DeSvrt Mason R Tru ily Mrs Robert Ferguson Mil niakinS a continuing sluclj n t inn pnfil nn en Tl ten City Wis Mrs Robert Gib son Bridgeport Conn and a son Robert Green now attending school in Chicago Funeral arrangements are in complete The Major funeral home is in charcc Idianapolis The Interna tioil Typographical union Thurs dajorderecl its striking locals to stai new negotiations for con tract 1 a labeled Inslruc and Advice ITU headquar tejwarncd that strikers benefits withdrawn from locals fafcjr tojcomply foe bulletin announced ITU will AOy cohiply with an injunction grated the government in federal dttrict pourt here last Saturday h that decree Judge Luther M Sjygerfj forbade ITU officers to cziy the unions conditions olempljfyment bargaining policy Sjecificllly it prohibited discrim intion jgainst nonunion printers The injunction however is tem prary hinging on the outcome of aiurreot hearing before a national fcor rations board examiner The ITU bulletin orders its strik ig locals to notify their employ rs that they withdraw all prev jus offers and demands These kals are instructed to negotiate ew agreements consistent with irms of the deoree SAME UJhll flag no traHU deilh Pait 34 kran CWm Uranium Strike The Manitoba ectors ICeorge Branscombe and John RfcLellanci said Thursday that they had discovered uranium in Saskatchewan 2 years ago The prospectors said the announce ment ofHhe find was withheld pending authorization from Recon struction Minister C D Howe The 2 men said their discovery was verified Jast summer when 2 physicists of the national research council checked the claims with a geijffrrcounter 4 Americans Seized During Hunting Trip Shanghai U S ma rines captured by the Chinese communists while on a Christ mas day hunting trip in North China were released Thursday U S navy authorities reported the leathernecks were released at Haiyang a coastal city 60 miles northeast of U S western Pacific fleet headquarters at Tsingtao There were no immediate de tails but officials said they pre sumed the 4 are in good condi tion Efforts are being made to re cover the body of a fith Pfc Charles J Brnylon Jr Fort Jay Governors Island N Y who died of wounds eccived in the inci dent The 4 are Cpl William L Pol lard Fort Worth Tex Pfc Car rol W Diekerson Olathc Kans Pvt Robert Hart Pittsburgh Pa and Pfc Thomas Kapoclistria Buf falo N Y There lias been no clear ac count of what happened Christ mas morningnear the village of Wangtan Yuen where the 5 were captured Marine authorities re ported the 5 entered communist territory over the protest of Chi nese national guards at Lingchan The communists reported Feb one of their daily propa ganda the ma rines were participating in Chinas civil war on the national side They said Brayton was wounded fatally in a skirmish Weaver Will Keynote Iowa GOP Meeting DCS iMoincs UR William Weaver Wapello t c m p o r a r y chairman of Fridays republican state convention will be consid ered the emergency keynoter for the convention slate GOP Chair man Whitney Gillillancl announced Thursday S E Torgeson Kimball Ncbr attorney has been added as an afternoon speaker in lastminute changes made in the convention program liriR Gen Ilanford TMucNidcr Mason City and lUrs Charles E Ilickman Ccnterville national re publican commitleewomen will make 5minute morning addresses Weaver secretary of the Iowa Veterans league is expected to discuss the role of veterans in re publican state and national af fairs His selection as keynoter was considered a recognition of the younger elements of the parly of the coal case He denied a erroneous a report lhat John R Steehnan assistant to the presi dent had conferred with repre sentatives of the miners and th operators Ross said that Mr Truman thu far has reached no conclusions it his study of the coal strike situ rUion The president plans to tak RUSSIANS CUT RAIL TRAFFIC AROUND BERLIN Americans and British Reject Red Demand to Inspect All Trains Berlin cut off all ail traffic from Berlin to the American British and French ones of Germany Thursday but abandoned after 2 hours road blocks set up on the boundaries of the Russian zone of the Ger man capital city Air routes to supply the ap proximately 25000 men of the 3 western powers in Berlin still rere open and vehicular traffic operated normally along the autobahn through the 100 miles of Russianoccupied territory west of the city But both American and British authorities rejected flatly the de nand of the Russians that they be allowed to inspect trains of the allied powers to and from Ber in The Russians halted all rail raffia as a result ol that rejec tion This was the situation 1 Four trains 2 American and 2 halted during the night by a new Russian check point established at Marienborn in the Soviet zone west of Berlin American and British officers in charge flatly refusd to let Soviet troops enter or inspect the trains One American train go through to Bremerhaven but only after the American lieutenant in charge who was identified as Second Lt John Asbury permit ted Russians to search the train Gen Lucius D Clay American military coinarimder promptly in dicated Asbury might be disci plined for disobedience to Clays flat order that no Soviet troops were to be permitted to interfere with any American train 3 American and British air op erations to Berlin were proceeding normally Clay said he was pre pared to supply the 10000 Amer icans in Berlin entirely by air if necessary American sources pointed out that a thrown switch could halt a train but guns were necessary to stop planes They did not believe the Russians would use guns 4 The Russians without warn ing set up road blocks and check points at the boundaries of their zone of Berlin proper and foix a time stopped all trucks carrying goods out of the Soviet zone un less they carried special Russian permits They withdrew these roadblocks after 2 hours They had explained that the purpose was solely to prevent ilegal truck movements and halt black market traffic Radio Moscow paced these de velopments with a broadcast say ing The dismemberment of Ger many has become an accomplished fact The broadcast quoted the of Congressmen to Get Tax Veto Friday Washington President Trumans expected veto of the 800000000 tax reduction bill will o to congress at noon Friday This was decided at a white louse conference Wednesday Mr Truman conferred with Secretary of the Treasury Snyder Senator Barkley Ky and Rep Ray burn the senate and house democratic leaders James E Webb the budget director and Senator McGrath DR chair man of the democratic national committee Charles G Ross presidential secretary also told newsmen that Mr Truman will send to Speaker Martin of the house Thursday a preliminary estimate of the cost of the expanded defense program being formulated The formal budget estimates he said will not be ready for 10 days or 2 weeks At the capitol Senator Taft R Ohio said republican leaders have agreed to consider the expected tax veto immediately He told re porters this was agreed xrpon by the senate republican policy com mittee Taylor in Spain Madrid fP Myron Taylor special U S envoy to the Vatican arrived here by plane from Lis bon Thursday He is lo confer with Generalissimo T r a n c j s c o Franco Thursday night Landlord Ignores Fuss Over Rent Cut Racine Wis L C Christensen said Thursday that people were making a lot of fuss over nothing when they praised him for cutting the rent of his 112 tenants by 5 dollars a month He said most of the families have been renting his apartments for more than 5 years and that they were having more trouble meeting their obligations than they did 2 years ago Tfc said it was his contribution toward hold ing down the cost of living m l I H I IO CtlV f t the ioport of his coal factfinding Communist party newspaper board with him to WilliamsburgJ a Va Thursday night SPAATZTOIUIT AIR FORCE POST Washington Gen Car Spaat will retire soon as chief of staff of the U S air force and will be succeeded by Gen Hoyt S Vandenberg the white house announced Thursday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night with a few snow flur ries Thursday evening Friday generally fair and cool Low Thursday night 2025 High Fri day near 35 Iowa Partly cloudy Thursday night with a few snow flurries northeast portion Friday gener ally fair and cold Low Thurs day night 22 north to 28 south High Friday 32 north to 39 south Minnesota Partly cloudy and colder Thursday night Snow flurries east portion Friday fair and cold IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 37 Minimum 2f At 8 a m Thursday 28 YEAR AGO Maximum 3t3 Minimum 35 Pan American Feeling Firm Against Reds Bogota Colombia comunist feeling among the 2 Pan American conference nations seemed Thursday to be develop ing into a demand for a firm stand against Russia Chiles Foreign Minister Juv enal Hernandez called for just that Wednesday Hernandez said Chile has aligned herself with nations which defend democracy and liberty That should be the attitude of all the nations of America he told delegates who burst into ap plause He told them there is no time to dally This is the time for decision There is no place for a third po sition Hernandez representing a coun try which recently severed its re lations with Russia spoke before the plenary session of the ninth Pan American conference An im portant item on the agenda is de velopment of an economic coop eration program among American nations The Chilean foreign minister warned delegates the world has divided into 2 fronts One which seeks lo impose a new political totalitarianism and another which seeks to defend western culture by democratic means Chile he said has taken its stand without equivocation Secretary of State George C Marshall of the United States set the stage for the anticommunist pressure at the conference open ing Tuesday when he asked if the question of subversive activity could be put on the agenda He received unanimous assur ance that it could SENATE HOUSE EXPERTS WORK ON GLOBAL AID Seek Compromise After Lower Chamber Passes Bill Washington and louse members working out a compromise foreign aid bill agreed Thursday to strike Spain from the list of nations eligible to share in the aid They acted within less than an liour after the white house an nounced that President Truman is utterly opposed to this provision The house put this welcome Franco provision into its bill The senate had rejected the idea Senator Candenberg RMich announced the compromise com mittes decision to drop Spain The committee is made up of 5 sen ators and 5 house members Decisions of the committee are subject to ratification by the sen ate and house Vandenberg explained that the committee members felt it is up to other western European nations rather than the United States to say whether Spain should be wel comed to the plan House of its G20o000 000 measure by better than a l to 1 marffiu handed the job lo the compromisers Wednesday night The goal is to get a bill to Presi ident Truman before the week runs out Both senate and house will have to vote first on the com promise What the experts agree to will be the final terms of a program to use Americas billions and mili lowas Vote Washington ff Six of Iowas 8 republicans voted hi favor of the SG305000000 Eu ropeChina foreign aid bill which passed the house Wed nesday night and rlar tin voted against the meimire Those voting for it were Dolli ver Jensen Hoeven Talle Cun ningham and LeCompte tary knowledge to help Europe and China hold the line against communism On that brand purpose there is no disagreement between the sen ate and house Differences are over details What the house approved by a 129 lo 74 ballot was a wrapun bill to provide assistance for Eu rope Greece Turkey and China Leaders had set April 1 as a dead line and barely squeezed the measure under the wire The senate previously had passed 3 separate bills one for Europe one for China and a 3rd tor Greece and Turkey The basic parts of the house and senate bills are pretty much alike Both provide for a 000 oneyear European recovery program to help 16 nations get back CD Jheir feet Both have voted 8275000000 in additional military aid lor Grccre and Turkey Both have voted for economic help for China the house for 5420000000 for 15 months the senate for 12 month In addition the house included 5150000000 marked definitely for military aid for China And the senate approved an extra 000000 that could be used for any purposes including military An administrator of cabinet rank would run the Emopcan program He would work closely with the secretary of state The president would referee differences WHERE RUSSIANS SET UP CHECK from boxes indicate routes where soviet control points were established oh the super highway and single rail line be tween western powers zones and their Berlin areas Brit ish trucks were turned back at Marienborn U S trains were held up at Helmstedt Insert shows comparative sizeof Borhn areas occupied by Brit ish French U S and Russians I U S Sending 3 Carrier Loads of Planes to Turks Washington 12000 ton ailcraft carrier Rendova was scheduled to sail from San Fran cisco Thursday with the first oC 3 carrier loads of military planes for Turkey The navy did not reveal the exact type or number of planes 1hat would go to the Turks under the U S aid program However it identified them as former U S air force planes and the air force indicated they may include some twinengine craft All 3 deliveries be made by Rendova class carriers which nor mally carry 90sinfile engine fight ers with folding wings on a single trip However they would not able to carry nearly as many twin engine landbased planes with permanently outstretched wings The navy also announced that 4 U S fleet submarines will leave American ports early in April1 for Turkey They will be turned over lo the Turkish navy under an agreement announced January J ;