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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 1, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XLVII AU NORTH IOWANS NABOBS ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED PRESS tUU LEASED WIRES five CENTS A copy Am Arnwiom MASON CITY IOWA TTI7qnAV APPTT i aiAoim JUWA AP1IL 1 1941 Ruins Tell of Perus Early Life EUITOHS is an nthcr of u scries of articles len by W Eari Hal Mason City GlobeGazette managing editor iu he course of a tcur through South America as one of a party of12 guests of the Carnegie Endowment for In ternational Peace Number 19 By HAUL HALL SALAVKRRY HARBOS Any notion that preSpanish civi lization in South America reached its fullest flower in the Inca In dians who were conquered and enslaved by Pi zano will be quickly ban ished by a visit lo the amazing museum of an cient relics maintained by Don Rafael Lar co Herrera and his three sons on their great sugar esl a t e some thirty miles from this Peruvian port city Pottery pieces unearthed by thc Larco Herrera family under thc direction of tile eldest ran Rafael a eraciuate of Cornell university in New York in the Chan Chan ruins not far away prove that civilization in an cient Peru had reached the de cadent stage under thc Incas that mv thegreatest development occurred United States lo lake possession unclev the Mochica rule as much as of the ships or to take members two thousand years ago and perj of the crews into custody In neither note was there any mention of grounds which the government gave for taking over thc was un derstood The notes were said to have itus PAmcoKsisTs tTWO SECIIOM Vak SECTION ONE 147 SERBS GIRD FOR HITLER THREAT Axis Demands U 5 V W K EARL HALL HULL INDICATES LITTLE NOTICE PAID PROTESTS French Ships Under Surveillance South America Follows Suit WASHINGTON and Italy have demanded that the United States release axis ships taken into protective custody dur ing the weekend and also members of the ei ps it was learned re liably M viy The demands were made in notes ot protest lodged with the slate department by the axis em bassies late Monday The stale department and the embassies alike declined to make public the contents of lie notes It was learned from informed sauti lioucver that both notes demanded release of the ships and the crews Germany and Italy were said to have challenged the right of the Crews of Italian Ships Detained l Rolling Fort haps thirty centuries a It requires a large building at the Larco Herrera hacienda to ac commodate the thousands of pieces taken from the prefnca ruins Mostly they are of pottery but sev eral hundred are of metals es pecially gold and copper Neither the Incas nor those who preceded them to have mastered Ihe art of jronmakvig From tlie very beginning the Peruvian Indians fold the story of their mode of living in deco rated pottery Their art pieces carried designs portrayingdress and customs industries strifes medical concepts amusements sex life and morals religion laws animals ana biriilifc Shelf above shelf in room after room arc given over to tbc classi fied exhibits with the eldest son in he Lima publishing family fa miliar with every one In one room is a of poiiery pieces designed to show the evo lution of religion among the prc Jucas Because the jaguar was the one animal which could kill man the ancient Indians were con strained to deify that animal As disputed the right of the govern ment to take the action under cither international or domestic Uiw Secretary ot State Hull indi cated that Hie protests were re ceiving scant consideration and would haVc no effect on the gov ernments policy In Berlin Tuesday a German government charged lan ships which were fired at San lose Monday to thwart seizure The men were clapped into chargct 5 COUNCILMEN ARE REELECTED IN LOCAL VOTE Only Handful of Opposition Develops in WriteIn Ballots Voles by precincts pajie I Barely a handful of writein opposition developed in Mondays municipal election in Mason City and the five men now serving on the council were reelccled with approximately 700 votes each The total vote of in the city compared with 3620 ballots cast at the last previous elec tion The heaviest vote in recent lc Police did not resort to years was the fM8 total for Kl5 H was necessary only There are approximately M500 eligible voter in The vote for the five council man ivii as follows Senate Passes Bill to Give prison inciiimminicaito IX If wi ao1 More Representation in N W I o A i e Argentine Brazil Uruguay and Chile followed closely the reports of protective seizures elsewhere but did not indicate what future courses they would adopt All have expressed the need for ac quiring more s h i rj p i n g ana Chile already has taken over three Danish vessels Maritime circles estimate that there are at least 00 German Ital ian French and Danish ships in Latin American ports German chips account for the bulk of the Vote 34 lo 10 for Measure Which Is Then Sent to House DES MO INKS Iowa senate quickly disposed ot its lirsl redistricting problem Tuesday by passing and sending the house a bill to give northwest Iowa tounlie greater representation in tiic chamber four of the 50 present districts would be affected by the change Jackson county in eastern Iowa been a senatorial dis the contuies passed by hcVe a tendency to combrne he jaguar with man and face of the animal Still later wings and other appendages to make this god the more supernat ural in its powers were provided This is typical of the hundreds of interesting sidelights on this ancient South American civiliza tion contained in thc unequalled collection of relics But tn me he most fascinating single piece in thc entire collec tion is a lima bean taken from the leather pouch of one ot the an cient messengers The pouch and the bean had been buried with him in one of the huacas at Chan Chan Secretary Hull indicated at his press conference Hut efforts were in progress to formulate a common hemisphere policy in connection wiih axis and other foreign ships taken into custody Hull said other American gov ernments had been n o t i f i c d promptly after the United States began seizing axis and Danisii d the weekend fn the hemisphere meanwhile developments showed the effect of this governments weekend seizure of the 60 axis and Danish vessels Two Gorman merchant steam ers were ablaze early Tuesday in the harbor of Callao Peru ilieir scacocks opened by their crews after the vessels had sought to leave the port but me bee eminent attorneys had been asked for opinions on how he flaiian ships at least misht be declared forfeited because of tiic allegedly admitted damage bv their crews The decision of he United States government to oiicn a criminal invcstirralion of this sabotage was taken as further evidence that the administra tion did not intend to relinquish possession of the ships and ttat tbc protests of Home and Berlin accordingly be dismissed The federal bureau oi investiga tion wasInstructed Monday to proceed under a World war statute which makes it a criminal offense to damage a domestic or forciRn ship wilfully in Ihe terri torial which fired warning shots in ibciri direction A few hours earlier Uvo other German merchantmen had sailed away from Callao without papers Cuba in what was interpreted On the bean is inscribed in fig OUUC5 Hi LS resembling hieroglyphics an Italian frcighfer xviiicji v some sort ol message It may prochored in Havana harbor o n ltl Ian Rica look summa Umfl Ihc discovcrv of11 hi i i0 aaillsl officers bean it had been assumed C aml they bad no written language For five years Scnor Larcn Ilcrrcra has been studying thc characters on the bean while cvravalwrs in he Chan Chan ruins have been turning tbrir attention to n search fnr addi tional inscriptinns of like nature Mure than a hundred different lelters or oliaracfers have icon identified thus far but the single message has proved insufficient n provide a key to he languasc Tlie Larco Herrera estate con sists of 7000 acres of irrigated land Employment is provided for hundrcds of Indian workers who live in a little city isnto themselves On arriving our party was enter tained by the natives iu some cos tume dances and while wo lunched in thc fruit grove we were enter tained by singers with guitar ac companiment Nobody in our party was quite so much interested in our visit to Chan Chan and Ciiiclin as Dr Donald Brand anthropologist from thc University of Yet ICx ico Anthropology and archaeology are related sciences of eotirsc but iJicie uis it iddcd intercut for Doctor Brand in the fact that he was born o missionary parents in a Peruvian city oiilv miics away an Nine counties iu northwest Iowa noutomuriymn cirlrkEs would be divided into three dis tricts Lyon Osccola and Sioux comi ics now part of the Ifllli Iis tricl would become the new 2Mli district i Dickinson and Clay now in he 47th and OlSricn now in the 19th would become thc new district Emmet Palo Allo and Kos sulli now in he would become thc new 9th dislriet Tiic vote was 34 to 10 Senators voting no were Howard C Baldwin D D Killer fit c Mamie R O H ilen tniigscn CI G W Hunt 11 Oscar Joi 11 i mil rji T i V Hamburg jftfT ion WK rVuV v ynCrrR the crew MIIIK Aiiinm R UUUM waters of the United States turned back by a Peruvian cruiser Anyone convicted is liable to a l1 maximum prison sentence of two 1 1 V Lct fR Dv iimViV iT yeais and a SlutHm fine J K Lynes Ilmoins Mi Tiie investigation was direcfcci Franl Mariin f only against German and Mcivei ships For the present at leat Ihe seized Danish ships were not iti eluded Judging by action and meni officials seemed Ci the Danih vessels in Mime vhat different category from those of ihc two axis partner the plan submitted by a majority of the members of the congres sional redistricting committee The vote on the minoiity plan was 23 o Ui Senate eaders pointed out that while the HonningscnGoode plan failed to pass the other side like wise lacked one vote ot having a majority SGUTTLESHIPS OFF VENEZUELA CARACAS Vencvutlu Three Italian tankers and a Ger man freighter lay Tuesday in wrecked condition off the Vene zuelan port of Puerto Cabello af ter they had been scuttled by their crews Crews ot the burned ships were in the hands ot Venezuelan au thorities who planned to intern them in the inland town of Va lencia Antiaxis sentiment ran high in Puerto Cabello Mobs Monday night destroyed the Gcrman ovned hotel Martial law pro claimed during Monday nights disorders was lifted Tuesday It wasunderstood lhat the trews ot the Italian and German ships scuttled their ships when they heard Monjiiy nisJH they were to Ininterned Tiic German froishter Sesosiris John Uallasher Kay K Carl Grnpp Mayor Arlcigh II C T20 71 07 Marshall 7U1 CS5 Writein candidates and tlieir tcs included Clarence Kelroy 11 Fred Wagner and lay Tubbcsinf 7 Other aiiclicatcs ot one or two Lightest vote thc eight pre cincts was that in the second of the fourth ward in southwest Mason City where only 35 votes were cast Highest was thc 158 total at thc courthouse Councilmen Grupp and Galla gher were reelected for three year terms beginning next Mon day Mayor Marshall and Council men Pauley and Browu will serve for four years more the terms for which they were elected Monclay bcginning thc first Monday in April JM2 The last three mentioned have served on the council for five years while Grupp has served lurce and Gallagher nearly three years being appointed to fill vacantv Breaks Lines MILWAUKEE Mil waukee police department roll ing 2 feet of armor plate manned bv sharpshooters and tear gas Tuesday broke up disturbances on strikers picket lines at the Chulmers Manufacturing com pany Lumbering along South TOlh street which bounds the west side of Ihe huge factory in suburban u esi Alhs thc awesome car com manded the respect of pickets at all times disorders developed as the day shift of production workers re ported or duty in the fourth day of a backlowork movement re quested by national defense offi cials But the sighl of the ap proaching fortress prompted dis turbers u fan back when il came within Hit feel of them In conlrast uitJi illonelny eve ning when a sharp outbreak brought the monsters initial use tear the chauffeur to head his ma chine at the marching column to effect dispersal Tiie car was loaned to the j sheriffs department lur use in the strike loot policemen and deputy sheriffs battled with the crowd as the fortress moved from one trouble spot to another One of ficer was smeared with vellow paint from a bottle thrown from the lino Will Preview Caught in The Draft at Fort HOLLYWOOD OJR pra mounl studio Tuesday announced that the preview of Caught in thc Drail a comedy on life in thc army will be shown at t orl Oni near Monterey Cal on May 2 A special train will take movie stars and as many news papermen as can got aboard to Fort Orri for the preview and a tour of the fort TRUSTEE DIES 1NDIANOLA c aialer lil Simpson college trustee died Uloiciay fnc U S Mexico Sign Pact on Airport Use A S HI N G T O N UP The United States and Mexico Tues day signed a convention provid ing for reciprocal use of air fields which will permit American mili tary planes to speed to Panama in the shortest possible time The convention was signed at a m CST by Sumncr Welles under secretary of state and Francisco Castilo Kajcra the Mexican ambassadoor in tlie presence of Mexican ami Ameri can military experts who formed the committee to draft plans for mutual defense for de fense of the western hemisphere The convention will now be sent to the senate for ratification to tin Mexican congress for ap propriate action 2 NAZI SHIPS ARE SET AFIRE BALKANS HITCH GRAVE GERMANY SAYS Serbs May Sign WitK Russia and Turkey in Neutrality Treaty BULLETIN UELGUADE tip Govern ment circles said Tuesday JUKO slavias new government was seriously considcrinc j o i n i n K soviet Russia ami Turkey in a neutrality declaration Such a declaration was said o have been proposed by the soviet union uut ignored by Uc scnt Prince Taul who was ousted last week with the Cvct liovic government that signed lie avis flircepower treaty ttuxsia and Turkey issued identical statements March 25 pleilffiiiK each other full and comprehensive neutrality in Hie event Dial eillicr was oblised lo fishl to defend her territory BY UNITED IKESS Jugoslavia girded herself Tues oay fur war at any moment and Germany described relations be tween the two nations as having deteriorated to the point of grave crisis Every possible precaution was being taken by the Jugoslavs It was reported that Foreign Secre tary Anthony Eden and the Brit ish imperial chief of staff Gen Sir John C Dill had arrived at Belgrade for conferences with the Jugoslav high command It Mas presumed that the British and Jugoslavs would plan unified arlion with the Greeks in event of a German at tach V Brilish troops were said to be just across iic Jugoslav frontier in Greece ready to move if the Germans launch n drive west from Bulgaria in an attempt o safer communications between Greece and Jugoslavia The icelins in Belgrade and London wns that a German attaclc may now bo almost inevitable If and when it comes it was thought that an initial move by Jugoslavia will be an attack upon vulnerable Italian positions in Al bania presumably wilh Greek co operation experts believe tliat Ihc llilkin arc iu t desperate position and arc likely to he overrun even though the Ger niaus arc able to move quickly into occupation of Ihc broad Creation ulains in northeastern Jugoslavia com au am D Johnson 1 Uamiel whnse districl would be ioincii with Jackson cuunty o form he new 2Srd raised the cry that the sciiafe was lion nil gazccd and rharscrt dial he new plan was MEXICO TAKES OVER 12 SHIPS Peruvian Cruiser Halts Effort of German Ships to Leave Port CVILAO Peru Ger merchantmen were set afir j and llieir seacncUs opened by their Fnr evamplr he S7 mans and Italians who the crews of the axis were formally eliar i Ger formed vessels illi be violation of thc imnUKraiinn laws and held pending itcporta tmn procccdiiiffF Xo such action however was taken against Danish officers and crrus Grr inans am Itnlians wrrc classi fied as lieHiKmUs but the lanes ucro recorded stranded seamen fn the cae of xis hip and asiiorc as i Fiiiicr iiai citiii of senatorial redistrict in feiTcd until congressional jtrictiii had been disposed of f dont think Hie people of i i Iowa stand for ttvu recli itnctiriR plans being shoved down lr HamC imC 1 Srralor Vere Wnisun I Louuil chnirman nf senatorial rcflsirieiinc tommii i tee pointed nut in callinu up th nil that any arliij mav were lirrctly The i MEXICO CITY rcspon iion i source at Hie Mexican navy dc said that orders hid been ii i issued to marines customs Riiarcis at Vera Cruz and Tampico j to place German and Italian snips in protective custody I Tiic Mexican gunboat Queretaro i j which has been patrolling tiic i Gulf Mrvico icjini led steaming Inward Tampico with 100 marines lo hoard tile nine Italian ships and one German shore Thr i Qucrclaro will remain there I prciiititiijii ayainsi anv diii bv the to thc open FORECAST CITyincreasing eloitdi nes Tuesday night followed by siimvers and thunderstorms Wednesday Colder Wcdncsclay All temperatures above freezing IOWA Increasing cloudiness and vainurr Tncstiay niRht folloved hy jhrmcii and Ihtinderslorms Uedncsday colder west and northcentral Wednesday MI Mostly cloudy scattered shoucrs uc n tiicl north cclnral Tuesday night and cast and south Wednesday light lain or snow northwest Wed iieday warmer southeast airi east Tucdav nih colder Wcxlncsciav croux early harbor afte German troops were rumored to be massing along thc Jugoslav frontier ready to move as soon as Berlin Rives thc word Jugoslavia with civil ian precautions Red Cross nurses vec being called up some gov irchivos were being vc m BelHracic to safer in Tuesday it Callus j lerior point and iie population their attempt to j was warned to stay in its homes afirr eminent moved r leave lic port had been Unvaried by a Peruvian cruiser The Uvo vessels the Leipzig and tlie 557Ston Mon scrralf tried to leave the harbor shortly before last midnight some hours after other naxi mer chantmen sailed without papers Thc PcrivJan cruiser Coroncl Bofosnesi however stopped them Uc by firing five warning shots and i been and cities so as not to clog roads with refugee There was nothing in the talk of commentators at Berlin lo indicate that a peaceful solution of tiic GermanJugoslav cmtaroil incnl would be found In Berlin it was claimed that mistreatment of ihc German minority vas in creasing that German leaders had This statue of a tribal chief of thc Mochica prcInca days was thc first relic uncovered by the Larco Herrera family in their excavation of the ruins of thc prcInra civilization at Chan CIian K is thc foremost cNhibit in their iincnualcd mu seum at Chiclin nearby dcs rrilicrl by W Karl Hallin the accompanying article ohcr o lei m i lest was believed to have couched in a more violent than that of Italy CAN USE RELIEF DES MOIKES bil i prnnit use of county poor i j funds for caiTving jccls Tuesday needed r nature of Gov Cruivj forces officer and a squad of 10 icn will be stationed af feels it wliose friendship we hold i Two axis ships at ve ol ships on the anrf whose esteem we would mainI uii Jt taken over bv otii nanci were permittctl to i on board will a skeleton There is ro plan thai would i ot fircclly affect someone We litre tnat Den1 wanted yuu to know that Ink fac rKW V tiic i ad our consideration Watson airneri force of ie third rcicli added filed no protest tnc ship NO COXtiRFSSIOXAI both Germany I HAS CLEAR MAJORITY anci Italy dlci The German pro Tiic Iowa senate attacked thc been j problem of congressional redis lonc trieling Tuesday j Xo plan had a dear majority i however as thc first lest vote was i taken The fiit proposal lo be Vulel i xm was thc HcuninsscnGoodo UMA pcru r7i V VVhidl voulfl i troop have occupied all biu Hie present second j shop and hangar of imirlh districts much as German airline at statis afire navy to icf j work pro mlv thc OIK or 1 each to prevent thc from being sabotaged set j blown up or sailing the i ministry informant sid PERUVIANS TAKE GERMAN AIRLINE MASON CITY GlobcCaxclic veatiicr Maximum Tvlondav Minimum Monday night At 8 a m Tuesday JYEAJ AGO Maximum Minimum EXTENDED FORECAST j Extended weather forecast lor i they returned to port where they were set afire Eotil vessels sliil were burning two hours later Tiic ships uhich sped away from thc harbor after nightfall i I Monday night with lights doused were the xliiillon Muenclien and i Ihe Ileimonthis j Wiii the and the Mon serrate they had beet here since i of the war arrested and that demon TO CALL 1292 MORE IOWANS for crvici in i strntious m tiic Jugoslav province were Growing worse The return to Berlin of the German minister Viktor von llccren was cited as indicative of the Gravity of the situation Slosl Germiii nationals Jiid lcf Ihc counlry Most Italians alo haic been withdrawn from lusoOavia p Both he Jusoslnv legation and American embatsv in nome were protected by clclachmcnls of lielmctccl soldier police and plriinclothesmen Tuesday Tiic protection was provided asamt atuclents slagcd a big proaxis proJapanese dcmon ilemperature will average near nor mal with colder beginning and rising trend Jailer part of period Peruvian Prccipilalion will average moder i The quota received from thc arriverl seventh corps area headquarters He told ti f in Omaha brought the total for the monlh to kjotc with occasional rain Miimcota and Wisconsin Wcrinrray i auci Thursday and Illinois Fort V j norfay night and Tiiurtday exi ccive HSR ccpt rain or northern Mm Up till April i and cxircinc norihcrn 1 lovans luu been called i Jowa draft board would Fort DCS Moincs is scheduled to pcrrit induct lCM il the mvv quota Xrbr will ic Rome Monday night newspapermen that lie e to visit tiie United Ins sciiedulc Hiij nor Up by n V London understood hat Gpn Sircnninrt von List commander nf Germanys Balkan army hari Konr lo Berlin for instructions in view of the TuROslav crisii ;