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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - April 1, 1935, Mason City, Iowa MS HEMS AT CfT OF IOWA MO I M E P I NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOl XLI FIVE CENTS A COPV ASSOCIATED PBESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY APRIL 1 1935 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 146 Science and Next War No Neva Gases Yet But Old Ones Are More Deadly RELIEF ACT BACK TO CONFERENCE EDITORS NOTE While the war gods have been dozing lit iully the last 17 years science has made discoveries that may affect the next war Howard W Blakeslee Associated Press science editor discusses them in a series three articles of which this isthe first Scottsboro Death Sentences Set Aside By HOWARD W BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Editor NEW YORK April 1 The real new scientific weapons for chemical warfare have remained hidden from the public behind a smokescreen of reports on dread ful new gases bacteria and su perexplosives These n e w substances are just a drop in the real ocean of chemical science The size of that ocean is shown by the historical though seldom reported fact that 3000 chemi HOWARDW81AKESIK cals were tested for gas warfare before and during of these only 30 were selected for trial and finally those used for fighting narrowed to about a dozen Sixteen years since has added new chemical combinations a few doz en at most but the real progress has continued with the World war one of them mustard gas No New Gases Inquiry among 17 S war depart ment officers and leading American chemists substantiates this The war departments chemical warfare bulletin No 4 quotes Harrison E Howe editor of Industrial and En crineering Chemistry I think it is fair to say that to tli best of our knowledge and be 1k f research since the war has failed to disclose any gases for field use that are any wore advantage ous than those known and used Hoabeen im proved about per cehtthat un define the new gas may be expected to remain active on a large area for weeks making the territory untenable Cannot Be Detected On the other side is the record that attempts to nullify the effec tiveness of this gas have failed De scribing this Dr Ulrich Mueller Kiel recognized as the foremost German gas authority says in Die Chcmische Waffe Due to the great clinging nature of mustard gas its socalled per sistence on the terrain it is natu rally very important to possess detector for that substance Efforts to find such a detector have not been lacking and in 1929 the Geneva commission of the Rei Cross offered a prize of 10000 gold francs for the discovery of a detec tor To win the prize the detector had to be above all extraordinarily Turn to 2 Colnmn 1 Huey Hasnt Time to Come toDes Moine WASHINGTON April 1 Senator HueyLong announced tha I dont think Ill have time to to attend the meet ing of leftists and administratio planned in May by Mill holiday leader IOWA Cloudy probably snow Monday night and Tues day except in northwest section Tuesday colder to north central arid extreme iwest Monday night and in east and south portions Tuesday MINNESOTA Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday ex cept snqw in southeast and east central portions Monday night Colder Monday night and in ex treme east portion Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures fo 21 hour period ending at 8 ocloc Monday morning Maximum Sunday 36 Minimum In Night 31 At 8 AJtt Monday 32 Figures for 24 hour period endin tt 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum Saturday 35 Minimnm in Night 22 At 8 A M Sunday SS Snowfall 25 of an Inch Precipitation 02 of an Inch As April claimed the stage Mon clay the weather was giving an ex iibition of its stubborn refusal t cast off its wintry ways The tern perature was only a little above th i eezing point Monday forenoon an mow in an unrecordable amoun liept drifting down SOPREME COURT RULES NEGROES KEPT OFF JURY Drders New Trial for 2 Youths Convicted of Assault WASHINGTON April 1 leath sentences imposed on Clar nce Norris and Haywood Patterson on conviction ofhaving ssaulted a white woman near cottsboro Ala were set aside to ay by the supreme court and a ew trial was ordered Chief Justice Hughes delivered the opinion He said there was no ontroversy as to the constitutional rinciple if Negroes re excluded from jury service qual protection of the laws to all oes not result The question here is one of fact whether the right has been denied e added Hughes said it was barged that Negroes had been ar itrarily and systematically ex luded although qualified from jury ervice Because of Race He said it long had been held that any action of a state whether through legislation the ourts executive or administrative of the African ace were excluded because of race and color from jury service the iourt proceedings were invalid Hethenreviewed the evidence in hecasitp develop whether Negroes lad been systematically excluded the jEritihgoinames oi Negroes county jail roll and the conclusion the names had been fraudulently placed on the rolls The chief justice asserted there was evidence that there were quali ied Negroes available for jury duty He suggested the qualified Negroes were not excluded because of any disease or other special reasons for excusing them Scores Trial Court The absence of Negroes from the jury rolls should have caused the irial court Hughes said to quash the indictments He sai dthere was no justifica tion for the wholesale systematic exclusion of qualified Negroes from jury service Reading forcefully and rapidly the chief justice said much testi mony was received that no Negro had served on juries in Jackson county He said that books giving the jury list contained the name of six Negroes at the end No Negro Called We think the evidence that m Negro had been called for juryser vice in Jackson county for a gen eration established there had been discrimination Hughes said We find no justification he added for excluding Negroes from the trial jury Justice McReynolds took no part Turn to Page 2 Column 3 Radio Picture Shows English Diplomat in Moscow This Ai privy seal discussion on European armament questions Associated Press picture sent by radio to Netv York shows Capt Anthony Eden British lore i being greeted by Maxim Lltvinoft Russian diplomatic chief upon Edens arrival In Moscow fo Captain Eden to Talk Next to Pilsudski Opposition to Attempt to Link Poland Into Pact Seen regarding the eastern a peace guarantee al we are MORE GOLD FOR IOWA FORECAST March Bows Off Calendar With Spring Tornadoes in South A light snow was falling in the Mason City area Monday as cloudy and probable snow in most of Iowa tonight and in all except northwest portions Tuesday was forecast by the weather bureau at Des Moines Colder weather in the north cen tral and extreme west sections Mon day night and in the east and south parts of the state Tuesday is also predicted Temperature in the north half will be 25 degrees above zero and in the south around freezing Precipitation Reported Coldest point reported the last 24 hours was Estherville where it was 24 and the warmest Burling ton Cedar Rapids and Iowa City with 49 There was slight precipitation in the eastern half of the state and at Estherville which reported one tenth of an inch of rain There was still some of Satur days snow at Sioux City and Charles City left today the weather bureau said Spring tornadoes and winter blasts were grim reminders that Xtirn to rnge 3 Column 3 WARSAW April 1 for eign office spokesman said today Poland will be interested in any modification of the proposed eastern European security pact which Capt Anthony Eden British lord privy seal may suggest after he arrives here tonight but is opposed to the proposal in its present form Said the spokesman We will listen carefully to all Captain Eden brings from Berlin and Moscow particularly proposal as though as it stands so far opposed to it Leaves Door Open It was reported Reichsfuehrer Hitler of Germany had left the door open regarding such an agreement during his conversations with Cap tain Eden and Sir John Simon the British foreign secretary The spokesman said the Pohsh viewpoint during the forthcoming conferences would be based first on a desire to get a clarification of the intentions of Polands neighbors and secondly on the Polish policy of being able to take care of our selves If the others disarm said the spokesman we will reduce our army He placed the size of the Polish army at about 250000 men Unofficial estimates have mention ed 600000 men Streets Decorated The streets of the capital were decorated with flags in preparation for the British emissarys arrival Despite the official interestin the suggested Eastern Locarno Pact it seemed likely Captain Eden would be confronted with firm opposition to any attempt to induce Poland to link itself with the project in its present shape Eden will talk di rectly with Marshal Joseph Pilsud ski the Polish leader Belgian Bourse Open After Being Closed Three Business Day BRUSSELS April 1 bourse reopened today after being closedfor three business days dur ing which the government an nounced the devaluation of the belga International stocks were particularly benefited The trans actions were the heaviest in two years Luxembourg Decides to Devalue Currency LUXEMBOURG April 1 The Luxembourg cabinet decided a a secret session today to devaluate the Luxembourgfranc 10 per cen beginning tomorrow The govern ment ordered the Bourse and al banks closed today and tomorrov and decided to continue the Bclgo Luxembourg economic union a least for the present CLAIMS SALARY BILL IS INVALID Attorney General Declares Legislature Cannot Pass Legalizing Act DES MOINES April Atty Gen Edward L OConnor to Pope Asserts Another War Impossible Pius Prays to God to DestroylThose Who Desire It ure approved by both houses of the eneral assembly to legalize salaries paid to public officials under the ialary reduction act The ruling was made in response o a request for a legal interpreta tion of house file No 141 from Speaker John H Mitchell Declared Unconstitutional House file 141 passed1 by both house and senate and now in the lands of Gov Clyde L Herring for lis signature provides that all sal aries paid to public officials as des gnated in chapter 89 of the act of be fortyfifth general assembly lave been paid and accepted as full compensation The supreme court declared the salary reduction act unconstitutional and void and a pe ition for rehearing is now pending before the high state court In his opinion OConnor held af ter citing various authorities that it is clearly apparent that the eg slature cannot pass any law or le galizing act affecting the salaries for public officials which attempt o have a retrospective effect Must Be Prospective The legislature may pass laws affecting the salaries of public of ficials but such laws must have a prospective effect OConnor wrote In other words the legislature can pass laws changing salaries for public officials which take effect in the future buttney cannot pass laws affecting the salaries of offi cials prior to the time the act goes into effect lowans Given Until Midnight toMail in Income Tax Return DES MOINES April 1 income tax returns postmarked be fore midnight Monday will be con sidered within the penaltyfree limit C H Sayre income tax divi sion assistant director announced Monday is the deadline for making 1934 tax returns Cipyiisit 1935 by The Associates Press VATICAN CITY April Pop Pius told a secret consistory of 2 cardinals today that war is im possible He said it was impossible be ause 1 It would be so enormous crime such a foolish manifestatio of fury 2 We cannot persuade ourselve that those who should have a heart the prosperity and well be ing of the people wish to push t suicide ruin and extermination no only their own nation but a grea part of humanity Physical Impossibility 3 To us as to many others there is manifest the physical and material impossibility of war in the aresent most serious circumstance Prelates said the allocution was one of the strongest speeches His Holiness has ever made and that his red hatted audience remained rigid throughout the solemn address His Holiness days of public proclaimed prayer at three Lour des France so that God might il luminate the minds of those who have in their hands the government and the fate of peoples in the pres ent sad anxiety of a time which Turn to Page 2 Column 2 SAYS CRYSTAL BALL TOLD HIM TO STAB 13 YEAR OLD FRIEND Ask State Banks to Report on Condition DBS MOINES April 1 state banking department today issued a call for a report on the con dition of all state banks savings banks and trust companies as of the close of business March 4 A sim ilar call on national banks was issued Saturday by the federal gov ernment Duffy Elks Grand Treasurer Is Dead PROVIDENCE R I April 1 JP F Duffy grand treasurer of the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks since 1932 died to day FORT DODGE April 1 Max Burch aged 13 lies in a hos pital seriously wounded stabbed by a friend Lester Ellinger 16 because a crystal ball told him to do it Breaking the silence that he has maintained since stabbing the Burch boy Sunday morning young Ellinger today revealed to police officers the reason for his act The Ellinger boy did not ampli fy his statement The ball was de scribed as a small one by the El linger boys parents who said they knew that he possessed one Max in telling of the affair said Lester told him to lie down on the floor and shut his eyes When he did Max said Ellinger stabbed him Sunday he admitted the stabbing but refused to make any other statement The boys were alone in the Ellinger home at the time Mr and Mrs A T Ellinger the par ents being out of town for the day Young Ellinger locked the Burch boy in a closet after he had stabbed him with a hunting knife but later summoned a physician A blood transfusion was given the wounded boy Sunday afternoon and today his condition was called fair The Ellinger boy is in police custody ASSEMBLY GETS RESOLUTIONS TO CLOSE APRIL 23 owa House Passes Redrafting Laws on Osteopathy DES MOINES April 1 Moves to bring the fortysixth gen eral assembly session to an early conclusion were initiated today in both houses Concurrent resolutions filed in the senate and house as the assembly jegan its twelfth week proposed bat the session end at 5 p m April 23 leaving a little more than three weeks tor the assemblys work At the same time the senate mov ed to appoint a sifting committee to weed out proposed legislation for consideration and took a furthei step toward speeding up its action by invoking a rule barring visitors from the senate floor Filed in Both Houses Thirtyfive senators headed Senator Frank Byers R of Linn filed the adjournment resolution in the senate signers including hot republican and democratic mem bers In the house Representative W J Johannes D ot Osceola an CL Rice D of Keokuk propose sine die adjournment on the sam date Both houses must act to estab lish the adjournment date and was indicated that the senate spoi sor may seek to have the upp branclTtafcV first step after th resolutionhas lain over for a fe days Some legislative leaders wer doubtful that the mass of majo legislation which remains for con sideration could be disposed of i the three weeks which would be left but pointed out that the date suggested could be changed if nec essary Name Sifting Committee The senates decision to appoint a sifting committee came after Lieut Gov Nelson G Kraschel as presiding officer propounded the question The motion to appoint such a committee to take over all bills except those on the calendar was approved by acclamation with only a scattering of opposing votes In the house Speaker John Mitch ell likewise plans shortly to propose appointment of a committee he said over the weekend The rule to restrict admittance of visitors to the senate floor was called to the attention of the sen ate by the lieutenant governor Un der its provisions visitors will for the most part be restricted to the alleries Seek Rule Suspension Senator George Wilson sought unsuccessfully to have the rule sus pended for the remainder of the session but his motion failed to re ceive the necessary twothirds vote polling 23 to 20 On his motion the state printer then was directed to print cards by which senators might idmit guests to the chamber Todays moves toward adjourn ment were the first since the as sembly began its fortysixth session early in January Legislators how Turn to rase 2 Column 4 Awaits His Fate MOVE TO MEAN DELAY OF DAYS OR EVEN WEEKS House Votes249nOon F R Opposition to Restrictions The fate of Adolph Martens above 55 year old Kcswlck farm er was to go to a Jasper county jury at Newton Monday Martens was tried for the murder of his wife Aug 2 1934 In previous trial he was acquitted of the murder of his stepdaughter Max line Abels killed at the same time MELLON TAKES RESPONSIBILITY Says Strange Income Tax Laws Made Deduction Deals Necessary PITTSBURGH April 1 Andtew W Mellon took the re sponsibility on the witness stand at his income tax hearing for the de ductions made in his 1931 income tax report The financier said the countrys strange laws governing income taxes made necessary the transac tions which the government claims were fraudulent but which Mellon claims were legitimate Called unexpectedly to the stand by his chief counsel Frank J Hogan Mellon was questioned con cerning the sale of a huge block of Pittsburgh coal common stock on which he claimed a tax loss of Conducted Sale Himself Who conducted the sale asked Hogan I did myself said The former secretary I of the treasury spoke slowly in low but distinct tone Tell us how it came about continued Hogan referring to the Pittsburgh coal sale I had under consideration the question of my tax return for the year in the office of Mr Johnson HowardM Johnson Mellons con fidential said the bank er I had had large losses and shrinkage in my investments I also had large capital gam profits upon which I was obligated to pay a capital gain tax Privilege of Reduction I desired to select some security or securities for the purpose of the deduction allowable in that respect The strange law which made me liable for a capital gain tax also allowed the privilege of reduction so the Pittsburgh coal stock ap peared to me the outstanding stock witlv respect to loss The 80 year old three time secre tary of the treasury was the first witness called today at the resump tion of the hearingnow in its sev enth week The government claims Mellon owes a tax and assessment of 3089000 but the banker con tends he paid the government 000 too much de cojj vm J j WASHINGTON April 1 A nresidential signal started the 54880000000 work relief bill today on what administration leaders hoped would be the final stages of its much delayed progress through congress Informed that President Roose velt vacationing off Florida sup ported Secretary Ickes opposition to a requirement in the bill that onethird of the 5900000000 federal project allocation should be spent for direct work the house cided to return the measure to ference with the senate The was 249 to 110 There were indications that eral days to a week or be required to rework the again in conference to ideet objection Opposition in Conference Although the senate conferees were said by an administration leader to be unwilling to yield a majority of the senate was describ ed by the same source as opposed to the wage amendment on the grounds it would cause trouble in making loans to political subdivi siona for work relief projects Ickes protest against the lation that onethird of the 000000 to be set aside for of states and political subdbi should be spent directly for was attacked by republican emphasized that the leaders had announced fe whole objective Ins f to take people off relief and give them jobs Jjo April Allotments Meanwhile the relief administra tion left with only on hand was unable to make allot ments for April for which 167 000000 was needed An Arkansas law extending from two to four years the time within which owners could redeem pro perty sold for delinquent assess ments to meet obligations on bonds issued by improvement districts was declared invalid today by the su preme court It was exactly the opposite of April Fools day for some 950000 railroad workers and Turn to Page 2 Column 4 DROP BELCHER 5 NBA TEST GASL WASHINGTON April I The supreme court agreed todayto permit the government to drop its NRA case against William E Belcher of Alabama which had been expected to determine the constitutionality of the recovery act Ends Arguments WeekEnd Mishaps Take Lives of Seven Flyers By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS 1 Seven flyers plunged to their deaths in weekend accidents some witnessed by hundreds of spec tators A plane piloted by Jack Barstow veteran glider pilot locked wings with another flown by Eddie John son manager of the Corpus Christi Tex airport and fell a hundred feet away from scores of specta tors Barstow and Jack Cowgill re porter for the Corpus Christi Caller Times who was a passenger were killed Johnson escaped with only minor injuries Associated With Llndy Barstow was associated with Col Charles A Lindbergh in glider ex periments in San Diego Cal in 1930 At De Leon Tex a student pilot Cecil Cook 20 was burned to death after his plane fell from a low alti tude and burst into flames two miles south of the city Witnesses said his rescue was impossible be cause of heat L W Abbott 35 and Claude Morin 28 were killed when Ab botts monoplane plummeted near an airport at Elmhurst a few miles west of Chicago With Abbott at the controls the ship crumpled 25 Here is a booklet that has pro voked wide discussion and at the same time cited as an authorita ive reference ended or settled in numerable arguments In it will be found all the essential facts con cerning the lives of all the 31 men who have been president of the United States their elections and heir campaign issues and policies Each biographical sketch is ac companied by an excellent likeness of the subject reproduced from aintings or photographs Biographies and portraits of tha women who have been first ladies of the land complete this valuable Booklet Presidents and Their Wives is procurable only through our Wash feet from a radio transmitting tower Hurtles to Death Experimenting with a glider wing Floyd Davis 22 parachute jumper hurtled 6000 feet to death near Flint Mich when one of his two parachutes fouled in the glider wing attached to his back Davis had hoped to use the wing a four foot span of fabric to guide his flight to earth At Beauvais France Robert Bajac 36 one of Frances youngest war aviators and chief pilot of the French European commercial serv ice was killed in a plane crash During the war Bajac brought down three German planes and was himself wounded during an ai battle ngton information bureau Send 10 cents for your copy Use coupon The Mason City GlobeGazette Information bureau Frederic J Haskin director Washington D C I enclose 10 cents in coin carefully wrapped for the booklet on Presidents and Their Wives Street City State Mail to Washington D ;