Mansfield News, The (Newspaper) - January 8, 1910, Mansfield, Ohio
Shirtwaist Girls'Strike the Greatest Struggle of Women In Historyof labor I iiffs In the interest of the strikers, mained throughout the day outside the where Abraham Lincoln made his 110t shirt waist their duty be- I speech in the east, President Gomoers became an ardent' womr.n suffragist. ing to see that the strikers serving as i of_the American Federation of Labor pickets were not molested by thugs delivered an address on the shirt waist under employ of the bosses or unjustly i situation. A Jewish girl, rep- arrested by the police. resenting many thousands of her na- connection with strikes is permitted bv tionality who work in the waist shops, unlawful to use the word "scab" in ad- and delivered In Yiddish an appeal to those of her race to strike immediately. More than right hands went up mediate and wholesale strike spread to the Italian and American shirt waist makers, and the "walk out By ROBERTUS LOVE. f the history of the world no such scenes have been witnessed as those which for nearly two months past have characterized the strike of the shirt waist makers in the city of New York. Nearly girls and women, members of tne Ladies' Shirt Malters' union, were engaged at first in this greatest strike of women workers ever known. For the first time since industrial conditions became such that women have been compelled to go out from home and support them- selves and dependent relatives nearly all the workers in a great industry in one of the foremost cities of the world have engaged in a struggle with their employers, refusing to return to work has raised a considerable fund for the shirt waist girls among men and wo- men of wealth'and has gone personally to the night police court in the city of w York and waited hours and hours to go on the bonds of some the girls who had. been, arrested, .charged with violating thejlaiw in their earnestness as pickets'. On one occasion just before Christ- mas Mrs. Belmont remained until after midnight in the night court waiting for the cases of four striking girls to be called. She told the magistrate she could give her house at 477 Madison avenue as bond for the girls' appear- ance. The magistrate, not recognizing dressing a person, "strike breaker" be- ing the approved form. Many of the girls arrested, being- ignorant of this i in response. The sentiment for an were haled into court and fined because they yelled "scab" at some girl who had gone to work for one of the until certain demands which they con- her personally, asked if she was ure sider just shall be complied the bosses. Conspicuous and significant features bosses. Churches Kelp Strikers. Late in December, when about four- nfths of the strikers had returned to work, most of them having been taken eighths of those employed in that in- dustry was the result. Most of the labor is paid for by the piece. The girls are not asking higher pay for piecework, but merely a read- s ure I back on their own terms, some oJ the Justment as to working hours so that aggre- j began to take steps to aid tho j wil1 not be worked beyond their "I think It IsTMrl. Belmont replied. I BlrIS- About were out, most endurance. Another grievance Is that of the shirt waist girls' strike have j "It is valued at There may be been the entrance into the struggle of i a mortgage on it for j whom had been employed in the shops, whose proprietors, being many women of great wealth and high o j t A social position and of others whose Arrested, collegiate culture may be calculated by .the unthinki above the that a feeling scarcely .expected .of them. Yet these college bred women not ments where tho girls were on strike. only have declared their sympathy for I Miss pikc Declared she had committed the strikers, but many have gone on i no offcllsc whatever, but had been mis- active service as watchers and pickets i taken the police for one of the rich, could hold out indefinitely. The reported for work in the morning the bosses Insist- ed that they wait until noon, then in- lon'sm may think of the matter, It Rev. Dr. Henry A. Stimson, pastor of them that there was no work j cannot be disputed that the loyalty of Miss Violet Pike, a graduate of Vas- Manhattan Congregational church, in- for the day. The girls demand that i the great majority of the striking girls to aid them in inducing nonunion girls not to take their places. j strikers. At a conference attended by Mrs. Wealthy W'cmen Aid. Belmont. Miss Morgan and other wealthy women a call was extended for Among those of immense wealth who i young men students of Columbia "uni- _ Jiawj been vigorous workers for and i vcrsity and young women students of contributors to the cause are Miss i Barnard collftrc to volunteer as Anne Morgan, daughter of J. Pierpont ers and Many students Morgan, and Mrs. O. H. P. Belmont, sponded. Scores of mann for use in continuing the strike. America earn? Some of the younger Dr. Stimson spoke words of encourage- i and !ess experienced ones make only merit. to per 'week. Others earn as About the same time Rabbi Stephen n'Kn as a week. The average S. Wise of the Free synagogue, who i seems to be somewhere between and went to New York a few years ago j Thousands of them support not from Portland, Ore., delivered a ser- only themselves, but sick or disabled rnon in which he declared that, "short i Parents and several little brothers and of organization, there is no way in i sisters. which the workers can bring about a j Philadelphia Girls Out. young women permanent condition which shall as- A formerly the wife of William K. Van- graduates or undergraduates of some and the mother of be just and shirt waist women stood together they insist upon to the letter. Thto in solid phalanx while the grinning j great strike therefore is essentially a wolves of hunger snarled viciously at struggle upon the part of women work--' the doors of nearly all their homes. j ers for "the closed shop." For .that The recognition of their union, their j reason if for no other the strike is ol! right to organize for mutual benefit, worldwide sociological interest Irresistible Onslaught of the Automobile National Show Has 622 American Mamifac- How General Strike Began. delphia went on strike, the Jfew York i bosses having placed orders with the j east.! Tho general strike was not declared Philadelphia shops to manufacture on dutj' before S o'clock on until Xov 2" when at n. erf sit for thpm rtnrirnr has given money and attended the chill December mornings and re-! meetin: great mass A.aists for them during the struggle. T turers as Exhibitors of Motorcars and Accessories HE n, in the hal, of Cooper Whatever the opponent of un- the is to intake first national automobile j mum price mentioned. Daily papers show in Washington will be j carry long lists of small advertlse- held from Jan. 24 to 29, fol- lowing the tenth national iv York, Jan. 8 to 15. That litical Romance of R. C. Kerens New Ambassador to Austria-Hungary Sought Senatorial Seat For Twenty-five Years In Vain X the list of ambassadors and! senate. He is sixty-seven voars old ministers recently appointed by His removal lo Vienna eliminates him President Tatt the one among the fioin any further opportunity for sen- new names that has the most in- atonal honors. terest-ng political romance behind it AVhile Colonel Kerens is known as a I to become social entities in Vienna, the city of beautiful and glit- tering society functions. Robert Bacon, appointed to succeed the capital for exhibition purposes was not necessary to prove that it has be- come a national institution. The ma- chine which less than twenty ago we called the "horseless carriage, for want of a better name, has made more progress in popular approval merits of secondhand automobiles. many of them touring cars, at prices! ing popularity lessthan There are fashions in control It. and in many instances theyj are being enforced. It is interesting: to point out the fact that the automo- bile might have been a thing of usa and beauty three-quarters of a centurjj before it finally came into vogue but for the fact that it was put out of com- mission in England by laws passed at the instance of the stagec .iedringhaus by wire as J. p. Morgan Co. until 1902. Presi- the world In the past dec- the next senator from Missouri. Kerens [dent Roosevelt made him first assist- i ade than has any other transportation went in and smashed the Niedringhaus ant secretary of state in 1905 He was contrivance since the axle operated organization to smithereens and caused i a Harvard cl.-.s.smate of Roosevelt He i the was conceived by the election of William Warner. declined appointment to the post of some ancient barbarian with glimmer- Though he did not elect himself, he United States treasurer in 1303 bo- ings of Progress illuminating his brain. defeated his enemy and performed a i cau.se, it was at the time he had Late ln December it was announced political miracle. i invited several friends to take a yacht- I by tne management of the New York The old warhorse knew that was his ing trip with him around the world. I snovl" at Madison Square Garden that ______ elects to keep in from ten to twenty-five miles an hour. ;y years style automobilically will spurn with j When a law was passed charging a contempt last year's car. Castoffi au-j steam carriage J12 toll on a road-ibat I IILTA J_ _ _j______ _ _, __ made the largest individual contribu- manv lh> side drive, in Xew York. tos, like castoff shoes, jstill dp reason- i cost a stagecoach onlv 50 cents to trav- .ably good service, and many there be el the same distance the few horseless that ride therein. vehicle enthusiasts quit trying to deV The automobile is getting into Us; velop the Invention. paces. Laws are being enacted toi WILLJAM HENDERSON-. century has hod an eye single to Ihe Xiedrii-.Rhaus. of the clement, glory of a seat in the United States William J. Calhoun. the A "horseless went in ami capturei! tho caucus ''IIHHM M. Mnent, tion to the national campaign fund. Chicago lawyer -.vho goes to Pekin is whizzed by. leaving a gaso-1 nomi- Kerens is a multimillionaire. He made said to possess' high diplomatic ab'ili- i Iine stench that almost overpowered i civil iv.ir. ,TS money as a contractor and Mr. OiUv-iiTi ties. He will be expected to take up i pedestrians. But every pedestrian, in-1 the delicate work which Charles R cludinS tne yelf sufficient natives of j Crane of appointed re- i to at the j railed br-f.in- iiv sot out of the United States, lost the opportunity to under- take he talked about it to re- Mr. hp.s hsd wide oxrcriencc ii; President Mc- inloy st-nt to Cuba before Ihe io investigate and report in tliat island. It is Moved ih.-u M.-KInlcy's whole course in to and Spain was based Mr. report. President as envoy to iiivv.-iijaif! Hi Onintrs of j-: sjdent Castro of that The Calhnun rc- from v. averts war. lint "uba provokod it. of William McKin- i> slory to .1 Of his Calhouij nt. are Cal- good won't -'i servftl throngb 'he koiv-ns. In Dam-ill'-. 111.. Cannon, after 1h? as a law- Kew-ns has kept his family wave crest of society in St. Kfroris and the aocomplis tcr. Miss Cla-Iya. may hr upon hnv- Mrx. which l: Ko1h d to ,r two are rabinc.t pn to rrac- automobile. Those who were going in the opposite direction twisted their necks to "rubber" until the tendons almost croakeri. At that time it was there were but twelve automo- i biles in the state of New York. Today the ii-.-t-i-.se tags issued are in excess of SS.OOO in that state alone. Great is the automobile! Xo longer in any up to d.ite town of America do we stop to stare when an i automobile aj'iK-ars. We to of its way. There are remote fast- nesses whereto tlie automobile has not jwrjeimtcd. bin In ail substantial farm- ing communities the horseless vehicle 3s almost ns familiar a sicht the horse liimwif. Any horse Hint shi'-s i at .in auto days is considered a j by his mates, the "Rube" of Jrs r.ice. The auiomobile is built nowadays to cnrry one or Djirly. Some of the bic "seeSns city carryalls can srers as a. coach on a Prices ranee from to any sum yo-j fet-3 Jikc rayinp. year ma- chir.es are improved and the prices are i years apo in titiic the automc-bile see-ms almost rcadv to be verifier by th- fact- Several at half that price. Kut any one v.ho really warns" an aa- n'-r-fl nf.t 7Vy even ;he mini- AT NEW YORK AUTOMOBILE SHOW.