London St James Gazette Newspaper Archives Apr 19 1895, Page 4

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London St James Gazette (Newspaper) - April 19, 1895, London, Middlesex St. A Amess gazel the. Am 19, 1895. Convent Celce of members of parliament and not of the Type writers is quite an unimportant detail if or. Tom Mann once nearly the reverend Thomas Mann does not take care he will get himself into trouble. He is reported to have told the Boot strikers at Rushden yesterday that looting in warfare was not theft and that they would be cowards not to take a from the shops what goods they wanted to feed themselves. I this is the doctrine of the Independent labour party As expounded by one of its chief organizers then their refusal to disown the anarchists can easily be understood. Killing in a a warfare is likewise not murder that is just what messes. Kava Chol and co. Proclaimed. But it by ought them to the executioner. A cyclist highwayman is reported from York to be a on the a traveller was stopped on wednesday night and his Money or his life demanded. We have got so entirely out of the fashion for this sort of thing that the bewildered wayfarer seems to have grinned and gone on possibly Leeling a Little out of his element and with a sort of looking behind feeling in his Back. He had not gone far however when the report of a pistol was followed by a More seriously uncomfortable pain in that Region and the wounded victim now lies in the Hospital at Vork. Here is a new terror. The a a scorcher is bad enough but if Rural England is going to present us with a crop of cyclist highwaymen with pistols we shall not Only want that pistols Bill More than Ever but there will be a new argument for the tax on cycles which chancellors of the exchequer Are so shy of proposing. Those lady footballers have clearly been trying to make the most of what Gate Money could be collected in the first Blush of their Littfe Bince saturday they have played five matches that is what they Call it at different places in the country and presumably taken better a Gates a than they could have obtained by standing on their Heads on a provincial music Hall stage. Yesterday however they had to Telegraph to Greenwich that an a engagement Quot there to which we Are told that thousands had paid for admission could not be fulfilled. Six matches a week would be Tough work for the most seasoned team. But it was not fatigue As far As we gather which hindered the lady footballers. The reason is enigmatically Given As a a storm at Crouch what kind of a storm have their Papas and mammas been.interfering-? a transport in Indian campaigns. To the editor of the st. James a Gazette. Sir a there is a Story credited to general Sherman to the effect that in his very Long March round to Alabama his chief fear was As to whether his menus braces would hold out. And the great Duke or some such thoughtful commander is understood to have said that in one of his infantry campaigns his soul was mainly occupied with care for his soldiers shoes. These instances Only faintly serve to explain How largely the safety to say nothing of the successful return of general sir Robert lows army division from Central Asia depends on transport. Only the few who Are passed students in physical geography can realize the friction As engineers say that will be involved in the marching and provisioning of 14,000 armed men Over those Frozen passes and through the fearful ravines that Haye to be traversed. Hence a few items of detail on this altogether indispensable question of transport from a private note by a retired Indian officer of experience May be of service at this yet Early stage in this perilous Campaign. He remarks this swat a mitral expedition is developing into a big thing and they seem to be taking camels into that Road less Region. On these rocks the Supply of Camel food must be very scanty. Mules Are of course the Ideal for army transport in such Alpine country but can they be got ? mule Breeding seems to be still neglected in India but if they Are to have much transport work to do in the Mountain ranges outside India As in this Case As also in Waziristan they should lose no time in promoting the production of mule flesh. Here it occurs to me to mention that at the time of the last afghan War an officer of much experience in the Bombay commissariat designed a hand cart to be pulled and pushed by three coolies. This was intended for and i believe was used in the Bolan pass when supplies had Tobe hurried up to meet general Roberts at Kandahar. The invention was placed at the disposal of the Bombay government and such carts could soon be turned out by the Hundred at any of the gun factories in India. No doubt generals in these big campaigns wish to keep Down the numbers of Camp followers to the lowest limit. But what would you have ? without transport your combatants Are helpless. And As to camels or Bullocks on which it seems the Punjab transport officers will have to fall Back the animals eat up half their own loads. Now let us compare a Camel and its Driver with one of these Handcart and its three coolies. The Camel would carry 3201b. But it will consume 20 la. To 30 la. Of food per Day or it will soon cease to carry itself. These Handcart i speak of would carry 400 lb., of which the three coolies would Only require about 6 la. Per Day. This comparison in the present and prospective circumstances of general lows Himalayan expedition is very striking and seems to me of great practical importance. One More Lemarle. Machine guns Are no doubt very effective weapons but the amount of ammunition they eat must make the transport officers hair stand on end. Here we May mention As regards mules and their capacity for transport l y carts some three years ago the Indian government invited Competition in designs for the lightest strongest and most durable pattern of mule a. This vehicle was evidently intended for hard service far beyond the Plains of India and As some thought at the time was one indicate pm of military operations beyond the Frontier which have since taken place. The invitation was Well responded to and it was understood the Madras gun fast it my took the prize. Probably some hundreds of these Light carts have since been built but As our correspondent above asks where Are the mules a i am sir your obedient servant april new Island of Formosa. Its history and Peoples. Japan Baa for Long Easi covetous by upon the i and of Formosa. Now that she has got it her strategic position is enormously improved and she has a Chance to turn Ita great productive possibilities to account. As every Schoolboy is supposed to know Formosa lies in the Pacific off the Southern Seaboard of China from which it is separated by the Channel of Fukien which is about a Hundred Miles in breadth. Though on a grander scale it May be roughly said to Bear a geographical relation to Amoy such As the Isle of Wight does to Southampton. To imagine the Isle of Wight in the Possession of the French is to realize what the cession of Formosa to Japan Means to the chinese Empire. The Island is 210 Miles Long has an average breadth of about sixty five Miles an area of about fifteen thousand Square Miles and a population which thirty years ago was computed at three millions. It is of volcanic origin and is still a Puzzle to the physical geographers who have not yet made up their minds How it got where it is. Across its Eastern half there runs a High Axial Range culminating in mount Sylvia 11,300ft. And mount Morrison 12,850ft. The Eastern coast is entirely Rock bound and the West is fringed with mud Banka. The there Are numerous streams from mountains which become furious torrents in the Rainy season flow ii it a westwards across a narrow Plain to the sea but there is Only one River of importance the Tams i which has a bar of Saud at its Mouth. Earthquakes Are frequent geysers and Sulphur Springs Are numerous in some parts and there Are Many other evidences that the convulsive energies of the Island Are not yet quite exhausted. The vegetation is More tropical than the geographical position of the Island warrants. It would almost seem that at some Remote period Formosa must have been the victim of a great Caludysm-iiithu"1alay afcltipelag�7 and been sent hurtling Over the sea Flora Fauna and inhabitants alike until it caught the chinese coast rebounded and Settle-1 Down where it now lies. If this conjecture be too fanciful there is the Choice of two conclusions one that its tropical Flora is indigenous and the other that its seeds Birds and insects were brought to it by obliging typhoons from malay. However that May be tie vegetation of the Island is dissimilar from that of the Mainland. I its aborigines and its immigrants. Its inhabitants Are As vigorous a set of Savages and murderers As any with which it has pleased the fates to afflict the universe. The True formosan lives in the Mountain fastnesses and it is easier to tame a Zebra than to beguile him into the ways of civilization. He is a veritable wild Man of the Hills and forests. His origin is As mysterious As that of the vegetable life of the Island. Assuming that he has not descended from some ape like progenitor within the Island it is probable that his forbears were malays who in the Early Ages when Man first Learned the Art of fashioning a boat lost their Way in the seas of the archipelago or were driven by stress of weather China wards. Some May have come from the Philippines some from the malay Peninsula some from the Northern islands of Japan and some from Borneo. Be that As it May they Are a mixed lot with a definite tradition among themselves that they Are of foreign origin. There Are supposed to be 20,000 of these primitive Savages in the Interior broken up into various tribes each speaking a dialect of its own some of the words of which have an Affinity with Malayan. They grow their own food go naked in the hot season and bedeck f cd. 0 tax w am j map off a themselves in Garly coloured garments of their own weaving during the Rains and for recreation they indulge in periodical head Hunts. Whether they Are cannibals or not does not appear for the very simple reason that the Bead it of a european inquirer is not Likely to remain Long on the shoulders in the Interior. �?o1 have seen Quot writes or. Alexander Hosie a a the very bags of network which they carry to hold the Heads of their

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