Page 5 of 27 Oct 1854 Issue of London Daily News in London, Middlesex

See the full image with a free trial.

Start for Free

Read an issue on 27 Oct 1854 in London, Middlesex and find what was happening, who was there, and other important and exciting news from the times. You can also check out other issues in The London Daily News.

Browse London Daily News

How to Find What You Are Looking for on This Page

We use Optical Character Recognition (OCR) technology to make the text on a newspaper image searchable. Below is the OCR data for 27 Oct 1854 London Daily News in London, Middlesex. Because of the nature of the OCR technology, sometimes the language can appear to be nonsensical. The best way to see what’s on the page is to view the newspaper page.

London Daily News (Newspaper) - October 27, 1854, London, Middlesex latest from abroad the siege of official Sebastopol. Despatches Crimea. From the the French minister of War has received from general Canrobert the following despatch a head quarters before Sebastopol oct. 13, 1854. A we opened the trenches daring the night be the 9th and 10th. The enemy who did not a to expect is at that Point did not disturb the in which we actively pursued. I Hope we shall Taw by the Day after to Morrow the 16th seventy do in Battery. Since ten this morning a hot fire been directed upon us at intervals but without any Pacot our loss is almost nominal. The works of the English army proceed on a parallel with our own. A the weather for a Short time very bad and very Eold has fortunately turned out Fine the French charge d Afi area to his excellency to in minister of foreign affairs. A therapia Ost. 18. Quot two Vessell of War be French the other eng wish be from constantinople coming from the Crimea they bring news of the 15th from Sebastopol it appeared Cert in that the fire of All our batteries win be opened on the 17th. The two fleets re to lend their Aid to the land troops and there every reason for believing that the ships would 1� Nosef Tuy employed on an important Point. It was not doubted that the place would be soon reduced to the Power of our artilery. The general situation very satisfactory and the sanitary Conditi ii of the troops Paris bourse. Paris tote sat. Closing prices three per cent. Rentes for Money 76.80 for account 76.80 ditto four and a half per cfenta., for Money 98.10 Bank shares 2,986. The French funds have closed 5 to per cent lower than yesterday. The Overland mail. By sub Maine and european Teie Seaph Peom of be own cob respondent Trieste wednesday. The Steamer Bombay arrived at 10 . Alexandria oct. 20. The Candia leaves Alexandria this Day with the India and China mails and advices from Calcutta of the 16th september Madras 24th september Ghan Hae 26th August Canton 9th september Hoa Geong 11th september Singapore 18th sep Timber Bombay 28th september. Trade in India Dull. Exchange at Calcutta 1.11 in China much discussion among the rebels. The siege of Canton continues with great distress. To Trade noted for shipment. The rebels still hold Shanghai. Exchange at Canton 4.9 at Shanghai 6.1. The american Clipper Comet arrived at Hong Kong fix m Liverpool in 84 Days. It Snebli Aein and european Tele Raaph Peom Otra own Colaes Pondant Marseilles tuesday. The Valetta arrived Here with the Indian mail at half past six this morning. The United of the Crimea. The following has been be Sevedio far a by the Egypt a c0n8tant�n0plb, oct. 16. We have intelligence from the Crimea of to the 13th. It was to tend a to keep up the bomb docent for four Days and then to Cany the place by atom the spirits of the Allied armies were excellent. The Porte raises the effective of the turkish Force id the Crimea to 30,000, starting in successive con Zoyb from Yarna and constantinople. No Izreah Bussian. Troops had appeared in the Crimea. Heavy Rains Render the March of russian reinforcements disco it the russians Are keeping Braila and Matchin on the right of the lower Danube and have reinforced those garrisons. Quot Here is no Smth in the report Eup Atoria has been retaken by the russians. Bussian pos Mon on the lower Danube. A letter from Hermans Tadt of the 22nd to to states that the Vanguard of the ottoman troops at Braila under the orders of Badyk Pacha waa com a on the 16th of this month of nine battalions of infantry three batteries of artillery acid thirteen squadrons of fortifications of Sebastopol the Noumai Des Shata gives the following very interesting account of the fortifications of Sebasto pol it is from the i a of a distinguished offi Ltd a Lionel st. Ange How one of the Srda Steuri of the Cannon the russian outputs were Tiu at Whin hew Smathe Isak Tcha Baba dash. And Tasha 1 Oncha Kors Divi Campaign and was Ludera and Stanoff with a division of infant and two regiments of cavalry a occupy Ismail and Ilia. General Engelhart has established himself at a in and Vadoni Fraki with a division of infantry and a regiment of Hussars r general Dannenberg was at Belgrade near Ismail with 20,000 men of a 4th corps. Tie rest of this army corps is stationed cd a Chelon on the Bank of fhe Arnth. In All Theta Are in bes Rabia 65,000 men and 180 guns. Price Gorchakoff s head quarters Are at i Chenelle arrival of the Atlantic. The following appeared in our late edition yesterday Liverpool thoes Dat. My this morning the United states mail steam Jup Atlantic Captain West arrived in the Mersey Rita the usual mails from the United states and British North America. Her dates Are to the 14tb it. She has brought 195 passengers and 900,000 Oil Tab in 8i�cie. The team Ehi Europa from this port had arrived 6t Boston having conveyed sixteen of the in fated Langers of the Arctic from Quebec being a portion of the Effie previously reported As having aved . A the american papers Are literally filled with out of the loss of the Arctic. By a telegraphic despatch dated 10 o clock of the 14th inbt., it was reported that Captain Luce of the or. Allan of new York and or. James Cath of Edinburgh together with about 40 others via Nara had not. Been received had arrived pm lol having been picked up by the ship the Washington correspondent of the Herald says or. Perley has succeeded in inducing our government in a quot to propose to Congress a Reni asian of duties on caught flip Imp Orud into the country pending the 0� the reciprocity treaty by the prot initial Ancho woj but fair considering that the fishing ground we thrown open per the to Tho Enterprise of our if who will doubtless make Tho most of the privilege Kis remains of the present fish vhf life revolution in Mexico is reported by Telegraph Orleans to be entirely at an end. Ice yellow fever had almost disappeared from new Yew and the general health of the Day was commercial intelligence m. New Yolk oct. 14. Am count Iclal news does not vary Minoh amp of those �1 a cited. The course of the flour Market waa a till and with a limited in Sines prices had advanced ii k from my. To 75c. Per barrel wheat was the quot to per Bushel. Market was rather More Active but prices a i too Otto change. The accounts of the coming crop a arable. It is positively stated that the yield it reaches 3,000.000 Bales. The Money he not assumed any new feature. There bad been oar it m the Street consequent upon the suspension of Day Banks but there would it was believed be to quot Buice among Tho others. Tho rates of interest 12 f to quot a Qiu bib. X. 6 to 7 per cent for Loans on Call and 10 to is Days paper. The Stock Market closed w str Oad stocks generally. Foreign Exchange quot the quotations on Loudon receded to 109i to get of campaigning upon the quot itto a considerably altered by our am of ism cold in quite gone a great bless taste from want of practice Consi a ail Mvi a Leepin with Ono Eye open number one and shells very acute. I escaped from the fire of the enemy Tsu Svir Coo atry s cause As we Are de. Finiece of the most Tulgar description which in to Iwin. Wisc rated with paupers and Tho other fake a a to the Large body of Tho uni paed but in get a British officer has descended from his a Tom j a remember him in All the Pride it would to difficult to the Cognize him tattered object seated by the bivouac fire ass iii quot Pipa contentedly and dreaming of Home and Kun gentleman Nival a of the who longed to Fonow to Tho Field Home we ton i of aspect be satisfied with a Short Fisik go to return to feed Hia father s quot mid Al of uner in Tho a Cotton the Paris papers this summarise the latest Cor Respondence from constantinople accounts from constantinople to the-12th have arrived via Vienna. The Ajaccio had reached that City with news from the Crimea to the 10th. The preparatory works for the siege were continuing without water not Iota. The russians were making extraordinary efforts to fortify themselves they were literally adding defence , and had brought into requisition All the heaviest artillery of their Fleet but their works were thrown up in haste and without Art and could not hold out Long As they were completely commanded by the guns of the allies and As besides they had not had time to become consolidated. The russians however had received some reinforcements and were expecting More. Prince Metchikoff had gone towards per of to hasten the March of those expected. In the evening of the 7th nine French battalions invested the place on the Side of the attack. In the night of the 9th the trend Hub were opened 30 guns from the Frendin Fleet and 1,000 sailors were to be placed under the orders of Captain Rigault de Gen Ouillin amongst the guns were 14 mortars of 100, and 16 of 30. The Matt Riel of the Tugush was magnificent but not Superior to that of the French. The English were to attack a Tower on the Western Side which defends the Bottom of the port. This Tower would it was said be soon de troyed notwithstanding the russians have thrown up Earth works to prevent it from being Eily distinguished and have even had recourse to the almost incredible expedient of painting it of an earthen Colour. The besiegers were within about. 700 Yards of the ramparts but it was Nessary for the guns to be within 300 or 400 Yards in order to be Able to make breaches Fot assaults. The fire was to commence with 200 guns and no one doubted the tremendous results which would soon be obtained. The russians disquieted the Mege works by incessant discharges of artillery during the Day but their was not very Correct and the soldiers made jokes on seeing their shot and Shell flying about. During the night the besiegers worked without being interrupted. Some sorties or Rafter some false tories had been attempted by the russians As a diversion but All were repulsed. The armies is i j already known Are divided into two corps one to carry on the works of the siege the other to protect them and watch the enemy. The French corps engaged in the siege was composed of the 3rd and 4th divisions under the orders of Gen. Forty and the other corps of the 1st and 2qd divisions Ander general Bosquet. The turks were kept in receive ready to go wherever wanted. It was supposed to be the intention of Prince Metchikoff on receiving his reinforcements to March to the Relief of Sebastopol but the Allied generals had ten every precaution and feared nothing the Saxtion they occupy is stronger than that of the russians on the Alma and they think that Mentcher Koff could not take it even with 100,000 men. They have too fortified Balaklava on the land Side in such a Way As to Reinder it impregnable. All the letters speak in the highest terms of the prudence skill and Energy of the English and French generals and state that the troops were fall of Ardour. The sanitary condition of the armies had greatly improved the cholera had nearly disappeared. The expedition at the beginning of the month to Yata commanded by rear Admiral Chamer bad not produced very important material results but bad produced great moral effect the inhabitants displayed great Joy on seeing it and the cossacks seemed in consternation. From constantinople the reinforcements demanded by lord Raglan were con Tinong to be sent off they were to amount altogether to 16,000 men. The convoys sent off from Varna had arrived in the Crimea and hid been disembarked without Accident together with All their Matt Riel and horses. The wounded soldiers sent to constantinople. Were in a favourable condition. The turkish Gove Mirent has done everything in its Power for them. In the French hospitals the Sisters of Charity and the infirmary men were indefatigable in their Zeal. The French charge d affaires and the ottoman ministers had mide frequent visits to the hospitals. The letters conclude by mentioning a fact unexampled in Turkey the opening of a subscription for a Monument to commemorate the heroic resistance of the ottoman Fleet at sin Ope. A letter from Varna of the Lith in the Lloyd of Vienna says a quot a further number of 4,000 tunisians and 3,000 turks have arrived Here to Day from i constantinople. Part of them will be conveyed to is Natoria and the remainder to Batum. The vessels which have arrived from the Crimea give the most satisfactory account of the Buti ity of the Al red armies. The fire which waa opened on the dts and the against fort st. Cathy Rine and the Walls of the fortress was to try the Range of the Gans. The allies have not lost sight of per Kop and a corps of 36,000 men French and turks commanded by general Bosquet and Achmet Pacha Are ready to repulse the russians in the event of their marching on Sebastopol 5,000 French and English cavalry Are to embark to Day and to Morrow for the Crimea. The weather has much improved within the last new a private telegraphic despatch from Trieste states that the turkish division of the Allied army had been Etc at Balaclava As a Reserve. The russian army lad received considerable reinforcements. The Allied armies have already 300 pieces of Cannon in position. The commanders of the Allied armies have it is said decided that immediately after the taking of Sebastopol time expeditionary army would re tim to Sci Ari to take up their Winter quarters. A letter from st. Petersburg of the 17th,evidently penned by a russian contains the following passage quot you May easily suppose that we in this City have Only eyes and ears for Sebastopol great Confidence is Felt m the final Issue of the Campaign and that is saying a Good Deal for the Public Here is not like Paris mrs who Are strangers to mistrust. The most strenuous efforts Are being made on our Side. The Southern Side of Sebastopol bristles with guns part of which have been taken from the ships. There Are 600 of them in position. Our seamen there Well trained and drilled Are formed into 10 battalions and they also Man some of the guns. Admiral Nachimoff Maya to them in his last order of the Day a children 1 forget now the signal of Retreat and should i make it strike me dead As a traitor this is no brag d la Saint Amand no it is a phrase simple and grand As a roman one. I admit we May ice Sebastopol for All on exertions Are nothing u opposed to god s inscrutable Doreca but one thing we know which is that Tom enemy will Only enter Over Rampart of ii uses. Liprandi s division waa at per Emo on the 7th, and must to lure fore have joined Prince Metchikoff by the 16th at the latest. The Prince a stationed to the North of the Bay and can therefore go to the Relief of the entrenched Camp on the. Month or he am assume the. Offensive from Cher Naya. This he intend doing directly that troops join that i spoke of. The French landed a Yalta on that go owns Anthem Cost of the crime which puts one to Mach a mind of Sorrento theteus of course not a Angle Soldier. The nearest Villa to Yalta is Hovadia a which belongs to count Leon Potocki two the French have pondered Imd they have destroyed a great Deal there a a regular Lin of Beautiful country a eats further pm what Wil become of them ? seeing. What a highly civilised enemy a Keeshig House to in in map to a of i hard to foresee. At the a titles of the letter of a non commissioned offices by free Sebastopol. So the editor of a he Dailet news. Sub among the Many excellent letters published from privates and non commissioned officer serving in the Crimea perhaps Tho following copy of one from one of the latter to a Friend in Westmoreland received yesterday May not to without interest possessing As it does some features not founding am amp of. B. A. Camp Sebaston Voct. 6. Dear in i received yours m duo time at Varae but a 80 hurried with that curse of the army pen and Ink work that i could not find time to write. Indeed at Tima we were either so diseased or enervated it the slightest exertion seemed a toil. If of Earh regiment was useless the other weakly. August sent about thirty of on Moat robust men to the Graye after a few hours st Fiering. Case of cholera recovered. From seven to Twenty Houn illness hurried amp healthy Comrade to Bis Long Bonie. Melancholy reigned on every Side and the chaplain knocked up a con ply of horses daily Riding from corps to corps burying the dead and at last to died also. On the Slot August embarked for the Crimea leading about 150 men per regiment behind is non effective and on the 6th of september Arae bled in Bajio Bay. On the a the we landed Between Eup Atoria and Sebastopol without a portion and without a tent to shelter is from the in Enevoy of Tho weather. The rata poured All. Night and the result was about 950 were rendered Hora de a Omiat and seat Back to the ships. The writer nest describes the Battle of Alma and then proceeds a amp led Over the Field of Battle. At the foot of ii. Hill the dead were All englith. As i adv Weed up i found russians and English lying Side by Side and on the Summit russians alone. Hundreds of tiie enemy s Knapsacks were scattered about and our men were helping themselves to Clew shirts White trousers and Long boots i picked up some cartridges their powder is much coarser and consequently not so Strong i think As ours neither is the Ball so formidable. We halted two Days at Alma burying the dead and picking up the wounded during which time our old enemy the cholera still stuck to is. To buried four men one of them my assistant who r was universally regretted by the whole regiment and every Day. We sent numbers of sick men Back to the shipping. From900 we were reduced trabout Eoo. On the 24th a arrived at Katcha River a Fine position torn Umoh to oppose us but the cow Aida had never halted till Streng Walls covered them. We were now but a igbo Miles from Sebastopol but on the 26th we took an entirely different route and marched through a thick Wood and about 6 . Came upon a Cossack Barracks. Tho Surprise was Complete. From our want of cavalry the men generally escaped but we took their pm munition and stores of every description. The buildings were sacked and Boon fires of mahogany chests of drawers sofas chairs tables &c., blazed upon the Plain. The men dazed in easy chairs till Midnight when the order to move being Given they were pitied Teto the fit Mes the Barrack fired and off we ent. We in arched till 3 ei.m., and halted till 6 . I was never so exhausted. My appetite was gone thirst excessive and pulse Quick. But in such cases it is on on or death another March brought us to Balaklava. We had doubled Sebastopol and were now on the South Side of this renowned fortress. On the 28th we invested Sebastopol and from that Date to this 6th october our lives anything but pleasant the bivouac is within Range of the enemy s guns and they practise upon us about four hours daily with 6s-Pounders and Shell. As we have not yet a gun in portion we can make no retaliation but Are lying like sheep that have been led tothe Slaughter. Constantly these formidable shot Are falling about us some Over us Como Short some to the right and some to the left. Day before yesterday a Shell plunged into a regiment about 200 Yards to our right killing two helpless wretches and wounding several. Now As Wacando nothing but eat and Emoke until on trenches Are opened i consider it the utmost cruelty for them to keep us under fire uselessly. Just fancy 68 pounds of Iron propelled through a division whose greatest retaliation would be to turn round and spit towards the fort. It is most disheartening. We live on a Volcano. I Felt Nofz a in Battle but to see cold blooded murder like this somewhat Alteri the Case. When the Shell burst in the fourth division it was a Moat shocking spectacle. Fragments of Iron and a git Nantau were sent into the air and As the smoke rolled off came men running with stretchers to remove the wounded. E o e e o 7th a a yet fired by the allies. They Are tires Mely Long in beginning but their fire win be Anni hitting when they do open i sincerely Hope. A e e a o i have roughly Given All particulars and As it is a tiresome task to attempt to write i shall conclude hoping yourself and family Are in Good health. A surgeon s letter from Alma Hills. Dear a a few lines that must be All. The papers will Tell you about the Victory. I cannot describe to you my own feelings on being in cattle for the first time. I went up the Hill with the men As they were ordered to Advance the Osnie balls showered past us like re in coming with a whistling wind. They dropped round us twisting in the grouted or carried off an Paulette or knocked out a tooth or Cut off a Finger or an ear now and then a Brave fellow dropped Down with a Bullet in the heart or the brain but it was perfectly miraculous that any Man escaped alive out of such a less than ten minutes my place was Back again at the quot Hospital quot of the brigade. It was called Hospital by Courtesy. There waa besides myself surgeon and we had the entire charge of Over 200 wounded comrades. The poor Fellows were brought in one after the other and there they Laid waiting their turn to have balls extracted and limbs amputated. You know what is called quot Field Day quot at the hospitals in town. Perhaps an amputation or two with half a dozen end Gens to assist if necessary and a Hundred surgical eyes looking on. Can Yon imagine our Field Day on the Banks of the Little River Alma ? if Ood spares me again to see old England i shall probably never More witness As much practice in my whole lifetime As i saw there in two hours. The Pluck of. A Soldier no one has yet Tenily described. They laugh at pain and will scarcely submit to die. It is perfectly marvellous this Triumph of mind Over body. If climb were torn off or or wished at Home you would have a them brought in fainting and in a state of dreadful collapse. Hero they come with a dangling or a riddled Elbow and it s now doctor be Quick if you please i m not done 1 or so bad to i can get away Back and see 1 and Many of these Brave Fellows with a Lump of Tow Wrner out of cold water wrapped round their Stamps crawled to Tho rear of the fight and with shells bursting round them and balls tearing up Tho sods at their feet watched the Progress of the Battle. I Teu you As a solemn Smth that i took off the foot of an officer. Captain who insisted on being helped on his horse again and a shared. That he could fight now that his quot foot waa surgeon told him that if he mounted he would burst the ligatures and die on the spot but for All that he would have returned to the Hill if he could have prevailed on anybody to help him to guardian. A letter from an officer on Board the Rodney dated october 7, Ihen within eight Mues of Sebastopol says that two of the Lancaster guns from the Beagle were landed at Balaklava on the 6th, and tried of the 6lh, upon the fortify a Stiens of Sebastopol with great effect. Tho writer was on the Bathe Field of Alma the Day after the Battle Aad waa fired at by a wounded Musaian the shot missing its and killing a wounded file Wahden. He states that the cholera had broken out in the Bodney and they had lost four 6f their men by it. The commander had been seized by it and waa Alio a a Derous state.,quot want of cl0thes.-i-Onr to k p3 Are getting in dreadful state having hardly any tiouber8.j to Wop we fee otherwise having bees so Long without to of a Drothea off and these Liat Long Eek we have not had a. Hit of soap to Wash our Linen or onh Elv a with. I shall a it very glad when we get into some sort of quarters at is very warm Here in fee Day time Bat the night Tara very cold very it is of the fortifications at present South of Tho Towa that we Intel cd speaking my not the forts of the Harbour i twill suffice for us to re mini our readers that to the number of. Eleven they Lino both aides of the Harbour and that Sis of them running along the town self belong to the notary port and to Thesna Thein i Horeb he. Side on which the Pembine Dearmy is operating. We West the to do of the i Tarantine to follow the profile of the town and of the port to the River tche Maia on the East a Cir re Uit which takes in the double front of attack of the English and French. Let is first give an idea of the general aspect of the place. The site of Sebastopol a insists of a series of. Platforms running up a Steep acclivity from the a a to the High Hills which Tower Oyer Tho distance of a league and a half and in taxi the top of which is unfolded the whole Panorama of the to in and Harbour. Nearer that ensemble ceases to a visible and even the tops of the masts aro no longer seen so deeply does the site sink Down to Tho id Vel of Tho Road Stead and of the port from this Ltd a figuration of the ground it comes to Pasi that the town is built one part Over the other so As to form an amphitheatre like Algiers but better built As its cot a traction is quite modern dating from 1790. The transverse streets parallel to the Road Stead communicate with each other Only by Steep ascents but at their extremities there Are Linea of communication of a less abrupt character for vehicle. The town contains several monuments and amongst others the churches and principally All the build Ings of the Navy the Arsenal the Barracks and the hospitals the population is Abi jut 40,000 in ordinal times including 20, c 00 soldiers or sailers. The 20000 civil inhabitants Are in Oiin of All kinds persons from the Navy and Tho army on half pay a few shopkeepers and some workmen and fishermen. Tho Reader must Bear in mind this fact. That not one of the great forts situated outside Tho town on the Harbour can protect it against attacks by land and that the two batteries of Tho que Antinet situated at the. Lower part of the out Ward ground cannot Aid in its defence. When the russian government conceived the pow of a great fortified place Tocoma Ndebe Blacksea it Dall these ports constructed at an immense expense and the double and triple stories of their Cas mated batteries give them such a formidable aspect that they have been even compared to the fortifications of Malta. Tho Road Stead and port Are in fact almost in attachable by sea but the town itself was never fortified All that a done being to draw round it a weak Wall merely intended to protect it against a coup it do main. The Bussian Cabinet could never have imagined then that an Anglo French army of100,000 men would one Day land in the Crimea to Lay siege to Sebastopol. At present when that extraordinary fact is being realised in the most serious manner it has been necessary to think of fortifying the. Town of the land Side and that is what the russians have been doing for the lost ree months. The quarantine Bay on the West the extreme left of the attacks defended by the double Battery of the same name. Near that spot is fort Alexander and by the Side of that fort a Battery called Tho Battery of Sebastopol because it forms part of the town itself. From this Battery runs a Cren elated Wall for musketry about a Kilometre five eighths of an English mile in length whish runs up the Steep Hill to the top where is a targe round fort with Twenty guns on the platform and surrounded below with a Battery tha Rampart of which is Twenty feet High. Fae Wall and the bastion have a ditch in front but there is neither covered a amp a nor glaces in front of this ditch. The French being charged with the attack on Tho left will probably have to bombard Tho fort after which they will command the Bay As Well As the quarantine Battery and even the whole of the Western Side of the town. But they will have other obstacles to overcome before arriving there. Under the Cannon of the round fort is situated a Large fortified Barrack which has been lately Fiah ked by several Strong works. From that Barrack runs a Wall entirely surrounding the town the port and the Arsenal to beyond the careening Basin towards the Tohe Maia at the extremity of the Road Stead High gives a development of from 6 to 8 Kilometres from 3$ to 6 English mile including the sinus site. This Wall is three feet thick is Cren elated and has in front a ditch the Earth of which has been thrown in front to form a glaces covering the Mason work in Many places. This Wall is not terraced that is does not form a Rampart above on which artillery can be placed. But on the Points where in a re ular fortification there would be bastion the russians have raised batteries in the form of Cavaliers firing above the Wall. The disarming of their line of Battle ships has furnished them with the Means of providing All their works with artillery of Large calibre and they have without doubt plenty of men to serve them More or less expert. This imperfect system of fortification cannot have any value except by the tenacity of Tho besieged by their great number and by the ability of the engineers. The Centre of the Lino in defended by the fort of Atiar raised on a High Point to the tap of the town. At a Littie distance from this fort commence three ravines descending to the Road Stead. One on the West Termini Nate by the quarantine Bay another in the Centre cuts the town into two unequal parts and the third on the East descends right to the North to form the port which is the. Prolongation of that same Ravine into the sea. It is principally at the lower opening of this Ravine and on the Western Side of the port that Are accumulated the defences for even should the ships of the line be Burnt by the russians it is still important for them to prevent All Access to the port particularly that of the Faubourg of Kerbel naia on the Eastern Side. If the besiegers on the right the English seize on this Faubourg whilst the French have made themselves masters of the round fort Tho town would find itself Between two fire and so overwhelmed with bombs balls and Shelb that no Garrison could Remyn there. But it is to be noted that this Garrison cd not be forced to capitulate not being blockaded and that the russians when at the end of their efforts in the town will always be at Liberty to Cross the Road steady and take Refuge in the forts of the Northern Side amongst the works destined to defend the Ravine of the port two great batteries in the form of towers Are mentioned a recent construction a Aid to to built of Stone and Brick. From want of time to raise a third Tower the russians have placed a line of Battle ship to perform the duty Ofa Battery against the Mouth of the Ravine. Besides the works Are still going on night and Day without interruption. One half of the Garrison is occupied with them and All the Able bodied inhabitants Are obliged to take part in them. Sebastopol is commanded almost on every Side a Huls rising one Over the other to a great height As Alrey by stated. But the nearest Bills have been a Long time ack levelled by works which lasted twelve years a do the Euth taken it from them was removed to the Side of the quarantine or to certain hollows which might Fao agitate Tho approaches. There is not cohsed trently any height now commanding the town. Within Foo or 600 Yard i of the place. But beyond that radius the russians occur red with Strong redoubts several elevated positions which i have forced the besiegers to open the trenches at a. Unusual distance 1,600 to 1,800 metres from Tho place it is said. Although these positions were Only fortified a earthworks where a sudden assault might he att Mavd Tho Allied generals have preferred operating by Rule it to quot quot sacrificing Good soldiers whose devoted Ness and Btag ery will be required at a later period for decisive blows. The red nth to of which we Are Spezi ing have been Balte Jed in breach and taken we cannot say at what Date or besieging army pushed Forward on that ground to make its trenches against the place itself. However outside the Wall round the town it jul to necessary a Batter Down and destroy some works protecting it on the weakest Points. In Fine All these works and constr Illions raised in haste cd Niit have the stability and r aisle Nice of a real permanent fortification. Although the russians Are provided with Large cannons such pieces ate not sufficient without Good Rampart. It is besides proved by the experience of All sieges that the fire of the besieging party has always an advantage Over that of the very strongest place because the fire of the attack is always rave agent where that o the defence is on the contrary divergent such is the sketch which we have considered pc right to give of the fortifications of a place the inevitable fall of which under the efforts of Tho Brave armies of England and France cat Mot fall to produce a great sensation in a. Pooh Oca own Paris wed2�z2sda a Shiho. Again we have the latest news and this time great news from st. Petersburg. The fact told is by Metchikoff that Tho bombardment of Sebastopol really be non the 17th, is a finned by a despatch of this Day s Date from Vienna which also says that the fire from the land batteries went on the nest Day. When the rns Aana admit a loss of 500 men we May safely multiply the figure by four at least. The fire of Oto troops must have been most effective and if it be True that it related on the second Day the reason probably is that the guns Mist have destroyed everything within their Range and that it to Advance them to another position. The Bonse opened heavily with very Little Bonsi Nesa doing. Rumours were current that general catch arts division had suffered severely in repulsing a sortie. At half past one when the contents of Metchikoff a despatch from st. Petersburg became known there was a smart upward Ino vement but As few people had read the despatch textually very imperfect versions of its Tenor were in circulation and the general Public certainly did not apprehend the great importance of the news. Had it been known that the bombardment had commenced be Forelle arrival of a enforcement a and to Vigoro sly canned on that the russians lost on their own a Mission an Admiral and 500 men while they say nothing of the loss of their opponents it is Prol ble Tabata More decided Rise would have taken place. As it was the Rente without however giving a from the he Hest quotation of the Day was rather did at the close of business. The Rise was Only 10c. Rail wave were weaker than they have been All the week and More than half of the lines closed Mth a fall of lfr.or2fir. The Aegyptus which left constant Inopia on the 15 the arrived at Marseilles last night. She brings news from Sebastopol Down to the 13th, but m to of it is already known. The number of guns with which the allies would commence their fire is stated to be 125, instead of 200, As mentioned in some pre virus accounts. It is remarked As a singular circumstance that the Aegyptus does not bring either the constantinople journal or the Porta Foglio maltese and it is suspected that these journals most contain some intelligence which it is thought desirable to suppress As Long As possible. There is a report in Paris that general Bosquet is killed this would be a very sad loss indeed but there is great reason to Hope no such calamity can live occurred because according to some of the most recent intelligence plus general was not before Sebastopol at All but was at the head of an army at some distance from the Foi Tress looking omit to intercept Metchikoff in Case he should come no Mth reinforcements. The Alfont stir de a army a contains a Long list of decorations conferred upon officers and soldiers of the army of the East. Generals Canrobert Bosquet and Forey Are created grand officers of the legion of honour. General Thomas and several colonels Are made commanders. The Princess Czartoryska s funeral took place to Day the venerable Prince Czartoryski appeared As chief Mourner followed All the Pri Nchim polish refugees now in Paris. His deceased sister it May be remembered came voluntarily to Paris to share his Esile. The Church of Saint Louis in Lue where the funeral service was performed was very full after the ceremony the mourning procession proceeded to the Northern railway in route for Montmorency where the family desired that the remains should be interred. Maudlle. Rachel has appealed against the judgment of the court ordering her to play m. Legoube s Medee. It is probable that in taking this course she has acted against the advice of her accomplished advocate m. Chaix d est Ange for she has taken the cause out of his hands and confided it to m. Cre Meux the sex member of the provisional government. A detachment of polish volunteers has just left Toulon for the East where they will enter the ottoman service. The Colonne of Boulogne sur Mer says. We have received satisfactory information As to the sanitary state of the Camps. The average number of pick is said to be lower than that of military garrisons in the Interior of the country. Measures Are taken to Render the position of Tho troops As Lite disagreeable As possible. With this View All sorts of establishments Are encouraged. It is said that several theatres Are to be constructed in the Camps and that a regular company is to play in them. The a Ameson persons who Are soliciting the honour of being appointed directors of the theatres Are mentioned one of them m. Chevalier is now at Paris on the subject. We Are assured that the theatres which Are to be in the Camps of Boulogne and Helfat have been ordered to be built by the emperor himself and that his majesty will pay the expenses. It is added that they will be in Iron and will be brought Over ready made from the Large manufactories in _ the commissariat. As there Are no More villages where we can expect anything in the shape of plunder we must confine ourselves to our rations. The commissariat Are at their old tricks. We have been in the habit of getting Tea and sugar regularly served out which were Gre it luxuries but this morning they have ser red out Green Coffee Beans. How do they expect men in a Campaign like this to roast and grind them ? of course they Are thrown away. If they would serve out tobacco it would be highly appreciated by the men As in their present state it is almost a necessary. I heard the other Day a Man barter his Tea sugar and ruin for two pipes of tobacco. A great misfortune Bezel me the other Day a having lain Down to sleep for a Short time my tobacco Pouch protruding from my Versack was stolen a great sorrow Tome about which i was not silent but during my next sleep a fellow officer kindly placed seven Sticks of tobacco under my head and i was myself again. We Are still investing the place but have not yet commenced Active operations nor Baye to fired a Shet but we shall commence soon and that in Good Earnest. The Fleet however stands in now and then and amuses itself with a Little shelling. On the part of the enemy operations Are carried on with great Energy. They Are constantly at work and during the Day throw Shell and shot among us but without much effect. Yesterday however a Shell want through a tent on the right of us belonging to the 63rd, killing one Man who was asleep at the time Anu wounding three others. Another struck the tent opposite to mine but As it Taok some time to explode we All Lay Down at a respectful distance. It fell right among the first rank too near to be pleasant. We Tiave got our tents at last though the men Are much crowded in them. The Nighta have been intensely cold and accompanied with heavy Dews or rain and with our scanty covering we frequently found ourselves in Tho morning benumbed in every joint. Lots of men have died from the effects of the exposure. Rheumatism and fever have been very Rife among us. Cholera is decreasing but there have been a great Many cases of jaundice particularly among the officers. The enemy Are Shell ing us again to Day but one gets used to being shot at there is a report that we positively commence operations to Morrow night but As that report is circulated every Day we cannot depend upon the Smth of it. There seems some defect in Tho enemy s shells some of them burst at the moment of their exit from the guns while others either burst during their passage or some time after they have touched the ground. Their Range however is very Long. I Trust in my next to give you news of something definite Havtur been effected.-0ccr 3l��ter��"�sco<sma7i," dated oct. 7. _ heavy Dews falling quot from which the quot of Fly Al offer be ouch. Wei Iavolo to at by our Blai amp Eta to cover us a much a by Wmk a big Letel Arendie Awit Alma our troops were 30jooo-��tonjg a a trn Terriss Jet it Btu it my maa i the so Ian nil tic quot a a a r1j6siah , oct. 21. A the Tell in Phio line from this Tonto the russian Frontier is at length comp jetted the wire Beni now sunk to the Bottom of the Pregel. It is cd that no despatch has been seat by thiamine Asye amp cd Nae que it try the official Telegram is a Patcke of tia have of la to Feacha do Berhn from $�.>6? tsp Sbarge must have he it by a a sly ies Lisej it the sunken ships a correspondent wrje3 a a messes. W. G. Armstrong and co., of the Elswick engine works Newcastle upon Tyne patentees of the Hydraulic Crane Are Busil engaged in the construction of apparatus for the admiralty for. The purpose of blowing up the russian ships of War which now of rust the Entrance of the Harbour of Sebastopol. They consist of 25 sets of cylindrical tubes three in each set. The tubes Are of different sizes and placed one within the other so As to form three distinct water tight compartments. The innermost compartment will be filled with Fine Gunpowder and the next with Ordinary blasting powder. The outermost one will be left vacant. The apparatus will be suitably placed by experienced divers under the ships to be blown or a galvanic wire communicating with the innermost tube. The workmen have been employed sight and Day to get the apparatus completed and we understand they will l e be amp a for shipment next week when the effect of one of them will be tried Yunkon vessel at Type Mouth. Tho apparatus consist of 13 larger and 12 smaller ones and the former when charged will weigh about four tons. telegraphic despatch dated oct. 23d, state that the Queen and Royal family have returned to Madrid surrounded by troops and National guards Aad saluted by the Roar of Cannon. The we can id Erable. Madame st. Freob Empero has ordered his ministers to Lay before the Council of state a Bill for granting to the widow of marshal st. Am Sud a Rensi m o�20,000 francs As a Mark of it ital gratitude. The Council of state will also have printed to it a project of Law for granting to tic marshal bags Luann 10�3 lord John uss Bli. At Bristol. Bristol the Jestat Tho Soiree of tha Bristol athe mum was held la night a the great Malo Hall of the Vioto iia Effie a. Lord John Eua Elj arrived Sokia after half past seven Hafl a was received with great cheering. The having opened the proceedings. Lord Johh a West Tosa and when Tho applause which greeted him had a unaided said he Rose with feelings Ofey Ordinary emotion to Addry a them Ca 1� interesting a quot occasion. He trusted that his coming thither might a some Small use to Tho institution whose opening they Wei Metto celebrate a of some Small use to similar throughout Tho country but certainly Tho reception the had Given Bim far sure aged any use which to Pahis u3t expectation might Hope to achieve. Let him How Ever address himself As soon a a Zwible tothe Busine sol tha evening a to Tho questions which they should have be fore them. To could not Bat rejoice to think that throughout the coun the Progress of education had been so great. Hear hear Many met deny that it had been rapid but he trusted that it had been a sure Prog and that it might be regarded As an augury of further such Cha. In the course of Tho last half Century they had had Day schools to multiplied Fiat from one two or Throe Hundred thousand at a he utmost they had risen millions of i scholars. Hear hear they had had literary societies and a Hen Boms spread throughout the country and he trusted that Tho West would a found competing with the North a the value and Extension of those institution. They had seen within the last Day or two the commencement of a new system of Reform in the University of Oxford Cloud cries of quot heart and he treated that that venerable seat of learning while keeping a that was valuable of its ancient Constitution would now extend its benefits far More widely Tijan it had hitherto done and More deserve the Hamo of a National institution. Cheers such being the general aspect of education and of Tho Progress of rental instruction let him turn for a moment to the institutions which they had in their own City. To rejoiced to find upon inquiry that tha ath Onsum waa far from being Tho Only institution of Tho kind in Bristol. To found that they had an Early cloak of association which had its own lectures and Ita own established Means of instruction that there waa another inti Tutila which possessed a Moat valuable museum and another which had a Largo Library and a most extensive collection of books in every Branch of science and literature those branches Many of them had sprung from Low beginnings and he found that tha lord Bishop of a the diocese had Many years ago inaugurated a society which had formed one of the societies from which the athe Rauta had emanated. He trusted that those Sode Tiea would not Only continue to flourish but receive a great sex Taisiia of their useful less and he trusted that Tho Library in connexion with that institution would have Auch a valuable col Section of books that those who had Leisure would be Able to employ that Leisure i the improvement of their minds and that those having occupation and being engaged during Tho Day in the toil of commercial pursuits might a enabled to derive that recreation from literature which literature waa so Well Able to afford. Cheers and now perhaps he might be allowed to depart so far from what was usual at societies of that kind that whereas it had been Cus Banary to fix on some author or some collection of authors to illustrate or to Praise he wished to posit out to them a Branch of literature in which according to Hia notion there was a void to be filled up. He spoke of no has a subject than tha history of our country. We were at least a people renowned in times past and to believed that we had not degenerated celebrated a arts famous in arms and we prize beyond All things our literature our liberties and our religion. Cheers now not to speak of living authors and. They had some of whom they might be proud Bear a and Whoso works might to read with Delight and instructions he Felt that there was something wanting still Clarendon would be famous through All time for his history full As it was of weigh y periods and Wise reflections and adorned. By those Iniel Able portraits which placed him in history by the Side of Vandyke in painting but Clarendon waa himself an motor in the scenes which he described and he naturally put in the most favourable Light the actions of the party which to supported. Hear hear other periods of our history had Only been depicted with Tho greatest Force by one whom were he to mention they would be delighted to hear bit with respect to our general history As a nation and As a nation too deserving of a history be looked in vain for any through the whole Range of our literature. Lord Chatham when to wished his beloved Nephew to read the history of the times of the civil wars told Bim to study Mayes s quot history of the parliament quot but that was a very obscure and ill written Book however much its sentiments might have pleased Tho great mind of lord Chatham. Fox speaking to a Young Man on a the same subject advised him to study Rapia hut Rapin was so profuse and prolix that he would hardly be read with pleasure by Many of the present generation. Now there was another distinguished author one Tho beauties of whose style whose skill in narrative and the frequent justness of whose reflections had rendered most popular and that was David Hume. But if they went to David Hume As Tho writer of Tho history of this country they found that in All Thosa three respects which he lord John Russell had mentioned namely on literature our liberties and our religion he was pre eminently disqualified to write such q i Story. Hear now let them first Tako literature. He was Reading not Long ago a character of sea Spearo drawn by Hume. He represented Bra Speare As one who ought to be a warning to persons who had no education and no knowledge of Art How they presumed to treat of Art. He allowed indeed that he had Genius but ssi Dit was very irregular that he had Many beauties that he Well described characters and represented them with it usual ability but then he said he was wanting in the proprieties of composition and that we Only admired him As we admired some Gigantic forms very often associated with monstrosity bad deformity. Now he asked them after hearing that passage whether they considered it a fair description of Shak Peare and whether to ought to be so dismissed by any writer who treated of the h Story of our country ? hear they were accustomed again to speak of Bacon As a great philosopher whose sagacity reviewing the future Progre-3 of pointed out Bow modern discoveries would Excel All that was contained in the ancient treatises Hume mentioned him indeed with Home commendation but he Tock care it Point out at Galileo was far his Supe ilor and hat a quot co had from polished what Bacon Only predicted. Geml it no doubt was a great Man but Bis greatness did not impair the glory of Bacon. Cheers a f it Hume having been a Costim Edothe French models admired them so exclusively that he was unable to App rec the great and transcend Cut excellence of our English authors. Next with regard to Freedom Hume never perceived what made this country great what it was which sustained the people in their struggle to establish those free and admirable institutions which we now enjoyed in Edward the fourth s Tima he mentions with something like remorse that the parliament took no interest in tha Duke of Clarence when the murder of that Prince t of place but that they were very chary in granting Meney to quot e Crown. The reason was Plain. They knew that if one tyrannical Prince died another equally tyrannical would succeed but when they were called upon to vote Money for the Crown the parliament Felt that they were giving away or withholding the Means by which their Freedom might be fettered or secured. Cheers again in the times of James the first he mentioned the imprisonment of such eminent Mea As Coke and Selden in no words which implied any sympathy with men by. Whose saffering.8 our liberties were purchased he had no word of commendation for them noting teat could Lead to the supposition that he thought them worthy of Praise. He Only mentioned the act As one of rash Imarn. Dence in the Sovereign. Hear hear Well Gentie Mea continued the Noble lord now upon the third Point that of religion. I Don t think it is a topic to dilate upon in this place and therefore i shall Only say that Hume was sceptic of sceptics one who made it his Effort to de orgy All belief and Faith not merely in revealed religion. Juth very existence of the mind itself and to a one who indulged himself in speculations of this and to show Hia great wit or ingenuity was hardly a Jug Man to feel any sympathy in the religions struggle in which the people of this country have been engaged. Quot hear quot and cheers. I come endeavoured shortly to show you Why i come to the conclusion that among the authors of the literature of this country we do want some writer who shall write the history of this with a due a predation of its great Quality ebb who will celebrate As they ought to be celebrated the men of Eminence in literature and science who will appreciate ought Tobe appreciated the contests which the great Mea of former Days fought at the sacrifice of their limbs and of their lives in endeavouring to obtain Freedom for u9,Aad who to appreciate a Wiss that Liberty of Bod science by which a people. Great la other respect Hyva a de .thelve9 jdm8 Jim Nemea Brand. A aus Maud a who Shai Pitts Jet this

Search All Newspapers in London, Middlesex

Advanced Search

Search Courier

Search the London Daily News Today with a Free Trial

We want people to find what they are looking for at NewspaperArchive. We are confident that we have the newspapers that will increase the value of your family history or other historical research. With our 7-day free trial, you can view the documents you find for free.

Not Finding What You Were Looking for on This Page of The London Daily News?

People find the most success using advanced search. Try plugging in keywords, names, dates, and locations, and get matched with results from the entire collection of newspapers at NewspaperArchive!

Looking Courier

Browse Newspapers

You can also successfully find newspapers by these browse options. Explore our archives on your own!

By Location

By Location

Browse by location and discover newspapers from all across the world.

Browse by Location
By Date

By Date

Browse by date and find publications for a specific day or era.

Browse by Date
By Publication

By Publication

Browse old newspaper publications to find specific newspapers.

Browse by Publication
By Collection

By Collection

Browse our newspaper collections to learn about historical topics.

Browse by Collection