London Daily News Newspaper Archives Apr 30 1846, Page 6

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London Daily News (Newspaper) - April 30, 1846, London, Middlesex F f h i i r a i r i i f-1 fit Vivent before the legislature in a prepared form and ready pass before the deliberate Vris Doin of the Council of the Empire. Hear this is one of those great questions upon which pass their Gudr mints upon the arguments for and a inst with that strenuous Vigour and philanthropic calmness which is their characteristic and i Trust that the result of the eloquent truths which a ill be heard night would be that by Means of the press this great question would take its Fli it the remotest Corner of the Empire and come Back fortified ill such a manner that by a vote of the legislature an end would be put that barbarous system of punishment which already is gradually itself. Art his Enod or. Bright m.p., appeared and took his seat on the platform amidst rapturous applause. The Nariman hailed the appearance of theron. Member and concluded by calling upon the Secretary read a note which had been quot received from a gentleman not merely of English but european Fame or. Cobden. Cheers the Secretary or. Gilpin then read the letter addressed him by or. Cobden Wlinich was in the following terms a quot april 1st, 1846. Quot dear sir i fear i shall not be Able attend the meeting for the entire abolition of capital punishments but you May reckon upon my co operation i every possible Way. In my opinion there arc but two ration. Objects be sought in the of criminals viz., the reformation of the of finder and reparation society for injury done. But i could never see How the strangling of men could possibly accomplish either of these ends. There is one plea still put Forth in favour of death by , Wlinich used formerly be adduced in defence of burning racking Gib betting and quartering mean the necessity of striking terror by example. If there be and Force in this argument we ought go Back the greater Wisdom of our ancestors and Light up the fires of Smithfield again or decorate Temple bar with the Heads of malefactors. Quot without taking those higher grounds which the Genius of christianity if not its direct precepts afford us for opposing capital punishment i hold that the system is totally indefensible on the score of Utility and i Hope i shall live look Back upon the barbarous and brutal exhibition of the Gallows As a thing of the past times Only be remembered As affording proof of our own Advance in civilization and humanity. Quot i remain dear sir faithfully yours quot Richard Codex. Quot Charles Gilpin the Reading of this letter clip led id and Long rep catch cheers from the auditory. The chairman then called upon lord ugent propose the first Resolution. A nug kit Rose and said i answer that Call with the cheerfulness and i Trust i shall not at the outset put myself on very had terms with the meeting if i begin by saving that in the fondest Hopes and wishes of my heart i differ in one material respect from your honoured chairman my Good Friend or. Ewait. Our chairman has told you that he Hopes the end of his life he shall always be found opposing the punishment of death. Now i Hope the Gibbet and or. Ewart May not be co existent. I heartily wish that the valuable life of my excellent Friend May be icing preserved and i wish for and believe in the speedy extinction of the punishment of death. Cheers there solution which has been put into my hands is in these words a quot that the Efficacy of Crini Inal Laws depends less upon the Severit of punishment than the certainty of infliction and that Laws which cannot be carried into execution without shocking the feelings of society and sinking Abhorrence of the crime in sympathy for the of finder Are contrary reason inconsistent with morality and opposed the interests of Justice objections which most forcibly apply statutes Eui acting the punishment of inconsistent with morality achy the Resolution might have said much More. The punishment of death is in my View in direct antagonism with the whole Law of morality religion and reason. Cheers it is in direct antagonism with education which the seeds of religious and moral Law Are entrusted attend their culture and prepare them for Harvest. It is in direct antagonism surely with All sound education and Domestic government. The Noble lord was Here interrupted by the arrival of or. O Connell whose appearance at the principal Entrance of the great Hall was the signal for the most general and enthusiastic plaudits. The Hon. And Learned gentleman was conducted the platform where he was again most cordially greeted and took his scat near Trio chairman amidst renewed cheers. Lord Nugent repeat that the punishment of death is in direct antagonism with the Laws of religion and morality in direct antagonism surely with All sound education and Domestic government for i am sure there is not a single human being who is entrusted with the care of his fellow creatures who would not warn them shun As a moral pestilence Fly from As a thing which Dishonour degrades and debauched a the scene a hich the Law of the land exhibits by executions for the edification of the people who Are equally under its control. Hear hear the punishment of death is moreover in direct antagonism with every moral Law it is a punishment which is incapable of being either modified or reduced in its application which cannot be recalled repaired or atoned for in Case of a discovered mistake. Hear hear it can be shown by abundant evidence that the punishment of death has the Peculiar and Universal Quality in All Timos and at All places of increasing those crimes of violence which it was instituted repress. Applause it is in antagonism lastly with the Law of religion with one of the earliest revelations of god s will Man in a social state when he said quot whosoever Shau slay Cain i will visit it on him it is antagonistic with the last recorded declaration of god s will Manina social state when in Plain terms he told Mankind that no punishment whatever was justifiable save for prevention excepting in the hands of the almighty who has reserved retribution himself alone quot a vengeance is mine a i will repay Saith the cheers i have too much respect for such an Assembly As that 1 see around me detain you by bringing you into conflict with opinions which would represent contrary the whole spirit of the Christian Reli on and contrary the expressed words of our Saviour himself that you Are enjoined take quot blood for i will not detain you by entering into a conflict with the ignorance or Dis tempered fancies of those who entertain such notions and attempt deduce such reasoning. But i would Challenge those who so took god s name in vain be consistent with their own principles and not garble the texts they quote. I Challenge them on those principles abstain from eating meat in which blood has flown and which was forbidden under the same denunciation As that on Wlinich they relied. I Call upon them apply if they will use the text the utmost the words of Cain when he said it shall come pass that some one shall slay me quot As a command from heaven. I Call upon them also apply in the same Way the words of the Saviour st. Peter quot before the cock Crow thou Shalt deny me hear hear but i will not longer trouble you on subjects of this sort nor for More than a moment on the abstract question As the right of Man inflict death As a preventive crime. We can Well afford that ground our opponents for we take higher and safer grounds on which rest our opposition. We Grant our opponents All that they desire but we say that the almighty formed Man after his own image that he breathed into his nostrils the breath of life and that he gave him an immortal soul answerable no tribunal but that of its maker alone and we say that Man has no right dissolve the mysterious Union Between the Fleshy image and the immortal soul or become the arbiter of the issues of life and death or abet the Oft nce by slaying the offender. Our opponents have advanced but Little and Here we May take our stand and Stop. We can afford them everything and ask them the simple question. Does your remedy for crime succeed ? hear hear do you require the Power of life and death a do you require the Power of insuring the safety of your be now creatures by pouring around them an Ocean of blood like water hear hear take it that you do and if i cannot show you that by the use of this Power 3 of Are increasing instead of abating the evil that you Are adding the jeopardy in which you stand that you Are raising As it were from the blood of the dragon in the fable a Host of armed destroyers around you a if i cannot show that everywhere and at All Imes whenever capital punishments have been abated an abatement of crime has succeeded a if i cannot Shew you these things then i will not abandon the cause but i will be Content be held As the Meriest Bungler that Ever attempted the demonstration of a proposition and will leave the cause in hands better Able defend it. Cheers a tin i state this i know that i am surrounded b persons eminently qualified detect and expose any exaggerations or fallacy of reasoning. I am surrounded by lawyers by legislators by persons eminent As the instructors of the Public through the greatest Channel of Public education the press and yet so surrounded i speak without hesitation and without fear. I shall not trouble you with statistical details of established facts but shall Point what those facts Are where they Are be found and what they show. From the earliest records we have of civilized society and of regular government Down within the last two years when the report which i shall presently advert was Laid before parliament there has been one continuous Chain of cause and effect through All generations and on All nations. The same have been the cause and effects from the Law of the romans which abolished the punishment of death until it was re aved by the bloody Laws of the Roma the daily news thursday april 30, 1846.taught the people of the grand Duke emperors which As Seneca a crimes of blood. The tuscan Coci Leopold subsisted Twenty three years during which time the crime of assassination was hardly known in those states nor until the abortion of that code under French usurpation when the Assassin again returned his work just As the reclaimed animal returned wildness at the sight of another devouring his prey. Hear hear in this coun the returns obtained by or. Ewart and Laid before parliament in 1843, show a diminution in the offences formerly Zimish Able Ith death since the abolition of that punishment. Notwithstanding the increase of population crime had greatly diminished with one exception that of murder which death is still attached. That crime had greatly and frightfully increased. The returns published by or. I ight son Rel atm the criminal Law of Prussia show similar results from the abolition of capital punishment. So also the valuable work published by Oscar King of Sweden but the same returns showed that there is one nation in which the number of capital punishments has More than doubled the no unborn of the crime of murder and that is unhappy Spain a country so debauched by bad government and by bad Laws. Next Spain and i am ashamed be obliged admit it in the Metropolis of this land but Foll Wiuf at a Long interval arc the British islands. Hear hear the amount of murders and of executions in England had nearly doubled according the population those of France they had More than quadrupled the numbers of murders and executions in Austria and they were More than eight times the number of similar offences and punishments in Prussia. Hear hear in Belgium from 1830 1837, there were but six murders and of executions not one. Hear hear need i ask j of Why this is so ? because we know that the passions which urge men great crimes Are passions which Blind them great dangers. Hear hear the risk of death forms no element in the calculations of a Man meditating great and enormous crimes. Great criminals like great gamblers believe me Are very unreasonably sanguine in the calculation of chances. Hear i say the risk of death because no Man will say it is the punishment of death which prevents crime. Arhat our opponents look is the fear of the risk of death and the risk of death is never contemplated by the criminal. The re is no human passion that does not confront the risk of death nay we risk death in our very sports daily. The risk of death is nothing. It is certain that great quot dangers wll never Abate great crimes but examples of great and bloody severity will most dangerously increase the blood thirsty and Insatiate spirit of revenge. Cheers need we ask Why it is so ? i will not scandalised you i will not offend you by refer in the ghastly but too common details which we Are bound read which Are cast under our eyes read and which it is with difficulty we can turn away our eyes from seeing. It is not for us ask Why this Man on the very verge of eternity comes Forward on the scaffold a Ruffian still defying the vengeance of Man nay defying the retribution of god himself upon the threshold cd of quot his judge sent seat itself hear hear a Why another Man plays the mount Bank upon a dismal scaffold and Why people clap their hands hear hear a Why a third Man goes his death apparently with every feeling of Christian contrition and Hope of Pardon for his enormous crime and then every heart melts with pity for the sufferer and every heart is raised in Mutiny against the Law. Hear hear but every execution every capital punishment is a botch and a Blunder one Day jury men acquitting in a capital Case against the plainest evidence because they prefer what they know be perjury what they believe be Legal murder hear hear a another Day a Man executed and afterwards arise questions touching the strength of the evidence or the sanity of the Man. Hear hear another Day a Man Dies denying his guilt the last every being who hears him believing that he is going his death with a lie upon his dying lips another Day a creature cheered at the scaffold and raised into a false heroism by a Bevy of admiring friends. Hear hear one Day a Man Dies too w Ell and All abhor the Law that strikes him another Day a Man Dies too ill and there is a notoriously indecent example and on no Day is there the example which the Law intends prescribe. Quot hear Hoar quot and a person in the body of the Hall called out quot the remedy quot the remedy i thank the gentleman for putting me in mind of that. Hear we Are stopped by a question of quot the remedy quot quot until you show us a substitute quot probably would say that gentleman quot i will not hear of the abolition of the punishment of wait a Little sir. That a substitute can be found much More efficacious than All you Hope from it i have no doubt but wait a Hittle. We will not put the cart before the horse for your pleasure. Hear if we can show you that the Gallows instead of abating crime increases it that it is contrary morality and contrary religion a we show you that it is Poison and you have no right lieu i Tell you you shall not drink Poison ask me what is be your diet for the rest of your he. Cheers that is absolute you shall not take it you shall not prescribe the Gibbet As a cure for blood thirst Ness. Here the person again called out quot i asked you for the quot order i Tell you sir you arc putting the cart before the horse. I understand Well the advantage that might be gained if you put me upon detailing the remedy. You would carry the War into the enemy s country As you Call it because you find you cannot maintain your position against us cheers but we Are told beware How we depart from the Wisdom of our ancestors. The common Law of England has been Well described aforetime As the perfection quot of common sense. Allowing a Little for exaggeration in the word quot perfection quot i believe the encomium is deserved but what shall we say of the statute Law enacted by the Wisdom of our ancestors ? take As an instance the Law of treason. Hear hear what was the Law of Treaso repealed but a few years ago As against women ? they were be burned alive. Hear hear in our own time we in this Hall have had mothers Sisters who in troublous times for crimes of opinion for political offences might have been sentenced be burned alive at the stake. Hear lady vane the wife of sir Harry vane the wife of lord quot Russell the wife of lord nits Didey arc canonised in admiration so Long As the highest female Virtues can obtain a place in the estimation of Mankind they stood by their husbands in their necessity and Wilile their husbands were standing in the Dock for life and death played the scribe in their defence and sat below their feet and quot lady Nith Sdale planned and achieved that Gallant ent quot Prisc for the escape of her husband and remained in his Dungeon in his place. Do you doubt men and women that the same so Mpa Thiesz the same duties which engaged those glorious ladies go through All but the bitterness of death with their husbands would have placed them by their husbands sides in the Council or the Field As they had placed them by their Side in the Dungeon ? hear hear and then what would have been the result ? these ladies would have been under a sentence under which they might have writhed this Day. What was the sentence upon men ? lord Russell Algernon Sydney were the sort of noblemen and their artificial rank exempted them from the common punishment of treason. But if they had been Mere englishmen if they had not been sons of quot Peers their sentence would have been have been hanged by the neck but not till they were dead their bowels quot torn out and burned before their face and the remainder of the sentence is not fit be pronounced Here it is one that would befit a Drunken Cannibal rather than be placed in the Mouth of Justice and executed by the Law of the country. Hear hear i will not now detain you further than entreat that you win not let this night s meeting pass Over without effect but that you will Call meetings All Over the country and form committees diffuse information and i am convinced that the time will soon come when we shall have Congi Atlate ourselves on having borne a part in this great achievement the abolition of capital punishment. Cheers or. Blight m.p., was called on second the Resolution and was received with much cheering. He said they were met on a most auspicious occasion promote a question of great importance and under circumstances most favourable their object. It would be impossible for the perverse ingenuity of any Man introduce either political or religious Rancour into the discussion in which they were engaged. Cheers All men were naturally disposed look favourably Ripon this question of the abolition of the punishment of _ death. Hear no Man living could love Public executions for their own Sake. Hear hear the common feelings of our nature excited abhor Cnoc of the brutality of the practice. They might therefore Hope be free from the cilium by which too quot often assailed those who were Wishful promote the establishment of any Good principle or bring about any change whatever in our practice or our Laws. Their object was ascertain whether a great Community like this could govern itself in such a manner As secure life and property without taking the lives of any of its members whose offences might Render them amenable the Laws. Happily in this Day it was not necessary discuss the question quot As it related any other crime than that of Virder. If it were proved that quot it would be advantageous the county that murder should not be punished by death it would be readily granted that with respect every other species of crime that Pun Sliment was wholly unjustifiable. Hear hear he was not disposed enter into any elaborate argument on the quotations from scripture that had been brought Forward justify the infliction of this punishment. In every Counti y where the Bible was read there were men of such extraordinary darkness or per a verse Ness that they 1 an scripture justify every evil. Hear hear the Man who stood Over gangs of his fellow men with a cart whip and urged them a destroying task asserted that it could not be proved from scripture that slavery was an evil and a wrong. Cheers if he had read the new testament with any knowledge of its spirit any comprehension of the Genius of christianity nothing he thought was More plainly taught than this a that As men became believers in the truths and Humble and devout recipients of the Faith there taught they became filled with love and kindness and mercy and not with a feeling of cruelty and revenge. Cheers he was a thousand times More disposed Settle this question in accordance with the benign spirit of the Christian Region than Settle it upon some isolated text about which the most Learned and pious men were i this Day in dispute and doubt. Hear hear. The object of this movement was promote the Security of life and proper and prove that they could be secured without the infliction of capital punishment. Time was when this Metropolis was Only one sixth its present size that not less than six human beings were butchered every week within its limits and about a Hundred years ago ten twelve or fifteen men were Hung together and that not once in a few years but Many times in the course of one year. Hear hear very lately the punishment of death was liable be inflicted for Many offences now exempt from it. In 1832 or 1833 the crimes of forgery coining horse and sheep stealing larceny in a Weeing houses above the value oi5l., burglary House breaking and some other offences were All punishable with death in this enlightened and Christian country. Hear hear now death was no longer the punishment of these offences and ten or twelve people were not hanged every Mouth or two in London. And was it not a notorious and undeniable fact that from quot the time when the punishment of death was most frequently inflicted Down this hour the Security life and property had been becoming More and More Complete. Hear hear Why should not similar results follow if the punishment for death were abolished ? the arguments now urged in favour of its continuation were precisely the old arguments with their old familiar faces by which the punishment of death for other crimes had been constantly defended. There was no reason suppose that while a return a merciful system of punishment with respect burglary forgery or horse stealing had been attended with no evil results its abandonment would have any other effect in the Case of those crimes of a More terrible and fearful character. Hear hear but their opponents would not abide by facts they cared nothing for the statistics of France Belgium Prussia Sweden Tuscany or the american states their argument was because men were hanged in past times they must be hanged still. Cheers they even ventured on prophecy and said that if hanging were abolished no Man would be secure in his bed notwithstanding the result that had followed the abolition of capital punishment for a great Many other crimes. The same men said on a former occasion quot if you Don hang men for forgery commercial credit will be destroyed quot and quot if you Don hang men for horse stealing and quot sheep stealing the agricultural interest will be in a very dangerous cheers and laughter the punishment inflicted by Law should be a punishment with which the judgment could go not a punishment which so excited the sympathies of those Reading of or beholding it that the magnitude of the offence was lost sight of in the terrible Fate of quot the offender. Hear hear a who lived in the Metropolis must know that it was a very common thing indeed for guilty men escape because juries had not the heart convict them and thereby Send them the scaffold. Hear hear it was not a Long time ago since two Young women who were tried at Taunton for the murder of three of their relatives were acquitted and he was told by the barrister who defended them that there was not a doubt of their s built and yet they were acquitted because the jury Codd not Bear the idea that two you in women who were Sisters should be sent the scaffold. The very severity of the punishment was the cause of their being turned Loose a Ain upon society hear hear a Short time ago a most horrible murder occurred in Worcestershire arising out of an infraction of the game Laws and some eight or ten men were arraigned for the offence at the bar of Justice but they were also acquitted because the jury were horrified at the idea of so Many human beings suffering the penalty of death upon the scaffold. Hear hear these and Many similar cases of constant occurrence went prove that the time had gone by when the punishment of death could be inflicted in this country in accordance with Public feeling and if it was opposed the popular will then he did not hesitate say that the continuance of so barbarous a practice was opposed also common sense and common Justice cheers it was unnecessary draw a picture of the horrid scenes that took place at Public executions it was enough say that they were Only fit for a barbarous age and for barbarous nations cheer Sand totally at variance with the advanced state of education of morals and of religion of which this country might be so justly proud. Renewed cheers he held in his hand a note written by a Canadian chief who was present at an execution which took place about three weeks ago in the City of Norwich. It was Lytten a gentleman who resided in Worcester and the writer said a quot last saturday a Man by the name of Samuel Yarham got murdered on the High Hiu near the big Stone wigwam. He was taken the scaffold by two men where a rope was put round his neck and made i is the beam Over Liis head and As soon As the Man of god had got through praying god for him that his spirit might go heaven after he was killed he was made fall from the scaffold by another murderer who was standing by and it is said that one of them ran Down and pulled him by the legs while he was struggling for life and about five minut2s after he was made fall from the scaffold he was killed while thousands and thousands of his Christian Brothers and Sisters were looking at him killed by his Christian Brothers. It is said that he murdered a woman in great Yarmouth some months ago and for this reason he got murdered himself too but those that murdered him we have been told Are paid for killing him and Are left live kill some More by and by. I will not say for i know it is impossible for me describe you How i Felt while i was looking at the poor Christian killed by his Christian Brothers. I have been Reading the big Book you gave us last summer and in one place it says thou Shalt not kill now i do not know what think. You kill one another in this country same As we do in our he had before said that the practice of the punishment of death was stated by some of its advocates drawn from scripture but he denied it there was not Long in the Christian dispensation justify it and he pronounced it be a relic of an age gone by and wholly unfit for a state of civilisation. Loud cheers quot Why was human life in this country More secure now than it was in past Ages ? did they think that Law and police and Dungeon and scaffold were the Only instruments in producing such a result by which human life and property were rendered More secure certainly not. Hear hear Why was it that they All had such a horror of the crime of murder and most of them of the crime of killing by Law ? because there was within them and they could not stifle it a feeling implanted by the great creator when our first Parent was placed upon the Earth and which would remain indestructible the end of time a feeling which prompted civilised Man abhor violence and Rcv rence human life cheers a look upon it As something More sacred than anything else that existed in the world As that which the creator himself had Given and which no one but himself ought have the right take away. Loud cheers the fear of the Halter did not prevent men from destroying each other but the Strong feeling of the sacredness of human life. Hear hear if it were possible that the punishment of death did sometimes deter men from the commission of the crime of murder which was by no Means proved he would ask whether it was not Clear that tie infliction of such a purus ment tended destroy reverence for human life ? hear hear the unhappy culprit whom the love of the unfortunate participators in his degradation Clung with increased Ardour and who perchance before his Fiill had been respected by Many friends was not treated As a Many no attempt was made convince him of his error and Reform his character but he was dragged out and Hung up before his fellow men like a dog or worse than a dog and this barbarous mangling and mutilation of the human form still bearing the image of quot its creator was held Forth the world As a great lesson teach that human life was sacred. Loud cheers he lived a life of unhappiness when he knew that a fellow being was under the sentence of punishment of death loud erics of quot hear hear quot a and the Law had no right outrage a the feelings of mercy and humanity. Loud cheers but when he saw that mighty meeting assembled As it was with an Union and earnestness of purpose rarely witnessed cheers a and which would have been twice As Large if there had been a room in the Metropolis capable of containing such a number when he saw the great and intelligent Assembly before him he was glad think that the Days of this detested punishment were numbered cheers a and Ere Long it would not be said that France Prussia Sweden Tuscany the states of new England and even some Heathen nations were in Advance of England in the Wisdom and humanity of their criminal codes. Hear hear when the facts known the gentlemen on that platform had been circulated throughout the country and that mighty engine the press whose representatives he saw before him cheers a had taken up the question with its giant strength urging upon the people of this country that Justice mercy kindness and religion should take the place of injustice quot cruelty and revenge he was persuaded that in less than five years the punishment of death would be a thing unheard of in this country the barbarous Law would be torn from the statute Book. The Hon. Gentleman resumed his seat amidst loud and protracted cheering or. Mortimer head master of the City of London school Rose support the Resolution and after a few prefatory observations proceeded say that the platform on which he stood was not the place discuss a question As disputed texts of scripture but if it were he should be prepared contend that there was no warranty whatever in the word of god for the infliction of capital punishment by the hand of Man. Loud Cocci a we were living under the Christian dispensation and he thought it was As great an off Jice against common sense and the Onward movement of the human mind say that we were be governed by rules promulgated in the infancy of the world As it would be maintain that a grownup Man must be subject the same training As a child. Hear but they had been asked what was the remedy for the per sent state of things he should reject every remedy which did not contemplate the Reform of the criminal at All events the evil could not be remedied by taking away a Man s life. Hear hear also objected his being taken away from his country As Likely prevent his atoning his country for the offence he had committed. The remedy which he should recommend was one which made the improvement and reformation of the offender an essential portion of his punishment which did not forget that Man had an immortal soul but took Means prevent his being prematurely called that account which All of them must at one time Render. Hear hear but it might said that for the Sake of example capital punishment was necessary. He had never been present at an execution but from what he had read and heard he was quite convinced that if one wanted an example of mischief and crime there was no place at which he was so Likely get it As at a Public execution. By such exhibitions you Only congregated round the foot of the Gallows the most profligate of human kind and you hardened them in their vice by showing them How Little regard you had for the great principle of the immortality of the soul. Cheers. A Public execution was in fact a sort of Devil s Holiday for he believed that if evil spirits were allowed revisit the Earth they could not choose a better scene for the execution of their designs than the exhibition which a Public execution affords. Cheers. They had been told that that mighty engine the press might assist them in the Good work. He might be permitted say that in this matter the press had a debt of duty perform for the accounts Given in the newspapers of the last hours of criminals and which were read with so much avidity tended very much reproduce the crime which formed the subject of such descriptions. Hear hear. He did not altogether blame the press for publishing such accounts As it might be necessary Cater for All classes of their readers but at least they ought accompany such descriptions with bold remonstrances against the evil which rendered such details necessary. Hear hear. But he did look Forward this great question being carried. He Felt convinced that a punishment against which the common sense of Mankind revolted which was making the work of juries every Day More difficult and often caused criminals escape with impunity could not Long be maintained on the statute Book. Hear hear in this Hope he had come Forward add his feeble Aid this great and Noble cause. Loud cheers the chairman then put the Resolution which was carried with acclamation. The chairman said that the next Resolution would be proposed by one whose name had a european celebrity and had Long been the advocate of this question of common sense and humanity. He called on or. O Connell. Loud and general cheering mixed with slight hissing. The cheering lasted for several minutes or. O Connell having thanked the meeting for their kind reception said it was necessary that he should commence by Reading the Resolution. The Resolution is As follows a quot that in the opinion of this meeting no fallible Tri Bimal should be entrusted with the Power of inflicting an irrevocable punishment. That awful instances of the condemnation and execution of innocent men convicted upon what appeared at the time the clearest evidence prove the fallibility of the Best constituted courts and the of adopting some punishment which May be recalled in the event of subsequent proof of the innocence of the supposed criminal in place of a punishment which takes away that which Man is powerless restore and consigns a premature end a helpless fellow being thus closing the eates of mercy which god would leave still open and shortening the time for repentance which he would still extend quot the honourable and Learned gentleman then proceeded and v ? v such is the Resolution which i have propose such is the Resolution the Bare Reading of which is sufficient ensure your Sanction and approbation such is the Resolution which i Lay before you not in the vain Hope of enforcing any portion of it by my oratory for i am no orator laughter but for the purpose of giving my test Nony As the extent which murders have been Eom quot fitted by judicial process. Hear hear the Delight which i experience in beholding this magnificent meeting is enhanced by my knowledge of the motives which have brought you together. It is no Idle amusement which has brought us Here we cannot afford much time for that a it is not in Striction because you were previously fully inform red Dut it is show the desire of lending your countenance the inn Cimfe proclaim that this iniquity shall be put an end and the crime of the Felon be no longer outweighed by the in Welty of the Law. Cheers it is High time put an end the system. Interruption at the lower end of the Hall wily new Odd think you were at an execution. Loud laughter i am a competent witness on this subject because for thirty five years i have been the advocate for More criminals than any barrister who Ever addressed a Public meeting. I have had entrusted me the defence of a great number of human lives and it is a Consolation me in my declining years that i have saved a multitude of men from unmerited Pun Sliment. Cheers during that Lon time i have witnessed the working of the system and should not be doing my duty if i did not exercise every faculty of my mind put an end a system which stains the Ermine with blood and often covers the scaffold with innocent victims. Loud cheers before i entered the profession i knew a hideous Case. Two Brothers were indicted for a burglary committed at the House of a gentleman of Fortune. They were convicted and executed on his testimony but one fortnight after he discovered that in mistake he Tad caused the Desti action of two innocent men. He spent the of his Days in sorrow and retirement but he could not Recal from the grave he could not restore their mothers or their wives the men who had been Ihu dered through his mistake. Hear hear i knew another Case in which i defended three Brothers at Cork of the respective Ages of eighteen Twenty two and Twenty three years. I thought i had most successfully demonstrated their innocence and had left the court in the Fuu Confidence that the jury could not convict. However it happened that the judge was one of a class now unknown in England and rapidly disappearing in my unhappy country one of the class popularly known As hanging judges one not particularly fond of sparing human life and when i ret Nied i found that the men had been convicted. I heard a scream and saw the soldiers in hollow Square guarding the prisoners who on the Moi Row were be led execution. The scream was from the Mother of the Young men she saw them and in her Phr Enzy darted on the bayonets of the soldiers which i were humanely lowered before her. She got in among Lier sons and pm braced the first and second but in approaching the third she fell the ground and her blood spouted out on the pavement. Hear hear she perished shortly a ter for How could she Long survive such a calamity ? these Young men were perfectly innocent. Hear hear i know another instance Wlinich i am Happy say had a pleasanter Tenn nation. A Man named Connel was indicted at Limerick for an outrageous violation of the Law in flogging a Man nearly death while two persons were left watch the Man s wife and prevent her seeing the Man who did the deed. The next Day she identified two men among a crowd of prisoners As the men who had guarded her and one of them was Connel. He was convicted and three weeks after he wrote me say he was be hanged because i whom he had sent a Brief had not defended him. I procured a respite and his innocence was established by the confession of another Man under sentence for a different offence. Now Here was a Man saved by a Mere Accident and is not the system hideous by which men May be thus murdered under the Guise of Law hear hear i told you i came Here merely As a witness and i am a witness something better than that which i have been relating. I am witness the ameliorating influences under which the criminal Law has been gradually relaxed. I can remember the time when sir Samuel Romilly endeavoured raise the Price of human life in cases of felony from 5s. To 40s. There was almost a scream of dissent the proposition As a violation of a precedents As if the raising the Price of life 35s. More would cause a tremendous increase of crime. He was Defeated in the first instance but he persevered he made this movement the fashion and since then All civilised states have diminished the amount of these sanguinary punishments. I am delighted perceive that a spirit is now abroad which will prevent the possibility of continuing capital punishments much longer. This numerous Assembly proves that it cannot continue much Long a while religion demands and humanity requires its speedy and Complete termination. Hear head it has been quot said and no doubt said truly that Ca Pittil punishment often screens the guilty As Well As sacrifices the innocent. I have no doubt that in Many cases it produces that result. But i shall not weaken what has been so Well said this evening i can Only say that while i live wherever i have a voice or a vote it shall be Given for the abolition of capital punishment. Cheers or. S. Gurney in seconding the Resolution said a my friends there were a few words said by my Friend who has just sat Down that Are truly applicable me for i am no orator. At the same time being called on promote by a few remarks the cause for which we have assembled i could not object so do. The eloquence you have heard May have convinced you All but it is in vain hide from ourselves that the cause has still Many difficulties con tend with because it is still a prevalent sentiment that in cases of murder capital punishment is useful As tending the diminution of crime. This is a question on which not Long since i was not at All Clear although i am perfectly so now. I have now come the conviction that the taking of life is attended with evil and that no Public execution Ever takes place without much More harm than Good resulting from it. Hear hear perhaps i cannot do better than detail you what has been the history of my own mind during the two years. My Friend John Bright avoided harrowing your feelings with details but i think it right that we should Bear the harrowing of our feelings and therefore i shall venture state some circumstances which occurred under my own observation. I shall first take the cases of the Young Man and Wom in who were executed on the same Day about two months since. We All know that those executions were so arranged that the mob could go from one execution the other. Hear hear both were attended by crowds and any one who read the police reports of the next morning would find How numerous were the crimes which were committed under the Gid lows. Hear a very Short time after the Case of the Young Man Wicks occurred. I visited him after his conviction. He was a Mere boy and i took the lit erty of asking the governor of the goal what he thought of such proceedings. He did not think that they in any manner limited crime. I then asked him if the Young Man had been in the habit of attending executions. He said he had and that in the two previous cases he had gone from one the other. Heir hear i ask had this raised or lowered the estimate of human life in his mind hear hear i think the latter and that one Case affords a proof that Public executions have a decided effect in increasing crime. It is almost too horrid state what occurred at the execution of the lad Wicks for a lad he was. It appears that he was possessed of great constitutional nerve and when he appeared on the scaffold he bowed the crowd and a general Huzzah from the whole body of the people on that awful occasion was the consequence. It cannot be conceived that any Secretary of state will be of opinion that scenes such As this can have a tendency prevent assassination and murder in this Metropolis. Applause. A very graphic description has been Given of an execution which took place recently in my native City but that account though graphic contains not half of what occurred. In the whole history of Norwich there never was assembled such a vast multitude of persons As were present on that occasion. No Jire Vious Case of interest had Ever brought together such vast numbers not from the City merely but from the remotest parts of the county of Norfolk. I have the very highest authority for saying that by the majority of those who were present the remainder of the Day was spent in debauchery and dissipation. Never before had Norwich witnessed so much debauchery and dissipation As occurred on that Day. On principles o f common sense therefore i ask whether that crime which is most prevalent in Norwich a i mean those bloody contests which originate in the crime of poaching Are Likely be diminished by what occurred on that Day ? i will relate one instance of the cons Quence of these proceedings out of Many. A Man brought his wife and can it be credited a boy seven years of age from a distance of some Miles witness the execution. They staid until eleven o clock at night the Man became intoxicated and in returning Home drove his horse against the parapet of a Bridge was thrown Over and drowned in the Stream. So far As the question of expediency goes put it on no higher Groom is there can be no doubt that the system of executions promotes crime instead of limiting it. Hear head All our experience is in favour of the total abolition of the punishment of death. If the crime of forgery which in a commercial country like this is one of the highest importance has not diminished since the withdrawal of capital punishment for that offence it must be recollected that the punishment for the lowest class of forgery now generally inflicted instead of death As formerly it was is two years imprisonment and it is a question whether it be right turn upon society in so Short a period a person who has been convicted of so serious a crime As forgery. I have alluded this crime the result in respect which has been advanced by those Legal and other authorities who stir advocate the punishment of death show that the authority of judges and lawyers should not altogether be depended on in regard this question. I cannot Here help alluding some great names who have Laboured in this cause when it was Sun funded with difficulties. The name of sir s. Romilly has been already referred hear hear a and i May be allowed with delicacy mention the name of a near relative of my own sir Fowell Buxton who has done much for this . But there is still another person whom i must alluded one who has silently secretly but powerfully worked in this cause Formant a year i mean my Friend John Barry of Plumtree court than whom a More effective labourer a Given end did not exist a hear hear quot and cheers a and although my Friend Here Daniel o Connell has saved Many lives he May partake in the satisfaction of having done so too. I have no More say except on the religious part of the subject. Certain texts of scripture Are generally quoted As authority for executions and some persons go so far As take not Only from them a Sanction but absolute direction inflict that punishment. I think those persons take a false View of the bearing of those texts. If we take the sentence of the almighty on the first murderer Cain it was not that of death hear hear or take the commandment quot thou Shalt not kill quot or if we read the new testament the whole bearing of which is mercy we Are justified in coming the conclusion that we Are not ordered take away the lives of our fellow creatures a cheers a and that we Are not Only permitted and authorised but it is our duty take the More merciful ground of expediency in these cases. Hear hear i have the most cordial satisfaction in seconding the Resolution. The chairman then put the Resolution which was carried with but one Dis sentient. Or. W. J. Fox said or. Chairman and ladies and gentlemen it is a remarkable characteristic of this movement that it is supported by persons of every variety of opinion and of feeling. With some it is a scriptural question almost exclusively. Others arrive at the same conclusion from no texts from no written records but Appeal that inner Law which or. Bright has beautifully described that Law of our inner moral sense which teaches us reverence human life respect even the very form of humanity that it should not be subjected the indignity of being levelled with the brute creation. Others have arrived at the same conclusion by meditating on the philosophy of human nature and the tendency of different modes of punishment and by endeavouring Trace the consequences of cause and effect in the moral As Well As in the material world and while it is the conclusion of the student the preacher and the philosopher you show by your presence Here that it is equally the conclusion of the e people s mind and the people s heart. Hear hear and what is the inevitable result of such a Confluence of opinion ? that it is time Call on the legislature and Tell them that their hour is now come when they must apply themselves in right Earnest this business hear hear a and revise the system of punishment now acted upon and reduce it a state of conformity with instead of leaving it in a state of antagonism the practice of morality and the precepts of religion. Hear hear it is True the legislature have now much upon their hands but what business is Paramount that which concerns the life of humanity and the morals of humanity ? hear they concern themselves with the establishment of seminaries for education and with measures for the encouragement of education let them put a Stop that worst of All education of which the Gallows is the Emblem and in which take a degree is become pre eminent in crime. Cheers if they would legislate for the Protection of life and the prevention of assassination let them bring a full Stop the assassination of Law by Public strangulation. Cheers Public opinion demanded this and Public opinion had always preceded legislative improvement on this important question the question of humanity. In every instance Legal and class prejudice had be overcome and As in the Case of the abolition of negro slave in be overcome by hard and constant struggling supported and backed by Public opinion. It was this general feeling which enabled sir s. Romilly and sir i. Mackintosh contend with the legislature a and successfully contend at last for so Many and such important mitigation in our criminal code. But what could they have done had not Public opinion gone before them ? in the Case of forgery juries had shown a disinclination growing into conviction not convict and would rather perjure themselves than consign a Man the Gibbet for a violation of the rights of property of that description. Hear and again in regard the crime of stealing in a dwelling House convictions multiplied when the sum which made the offence capital was increased. Previous that a airy had found a Man guilty of stealing under the value of ws., when the article stolen was a Loi. Note and another had placed the value of 7s. On a punch bowl with a Guinea at the Bottom reduce the crime below the hanging matter. It was the general feeling unmistakably expressed that set the legislature at work so far improve our criminal Law and it must be by such a movement by the expression of Public opinion that the advancement must be carried on and the present inequalities of the Law reduced a consistency with the pleadings of the human heart. Hear those pleadings go farther than some May think. Some years ago when repeated attempts were made on the life of our beloved Sovereign what were the dictates of the common feelings of the people after the Case of Oxford and one or two others ? did it cry out for a revival of the horrors of the old punishment for treason and for adding torture the infliction of death no the Good sense of the people was at work and consistently with their feeling the legislature decreed the ignominious punishment of whipping for the offence. Hear hear and what has been the effect that the lash has been found More powerful than the Halter. Then As the Way in which executions Are managed the experience of All unprejudiced and right minded persons proves that the notion of instruction or improving example As derived from such exhibitions is a farce. Hear hear what should we think of that teacher who led his boys and girls of any schools witness an execution ? what should we think of the Youthful members of a Charity school being arrayed around the Gibbet be spectators of the destruction of the life of a fellow creature ? hear hear quot what is it we Tell the vicious observers of such spectacles but that humanity is a thing of no account and entitled neither respect nor reverence. We Only give the bad lesson they have already Learned a stronger hold upon their minds and Send them Back strengthened in their evil course and prepared even hasten their impending destiny. The truth is that the principle of punishment by death Hasas civilisation has advanced in the Savage state ? simple undergone a material change what was it originally and vindictiveness and retaliation the Justice of the brute when kicked kick in return. Society has taken this out of the hands of individuals but the principle remains the same it was still the principle of vindictiveness which we should rather stifle As a vice than cherish As a virtue. Punishment should if possible be made embrace the great objects of prevention and reformation and there is Little doubt that there Are few individuals who Are so hardened that by proper Means and discipline they might not be led a better state. But it is not the business of society sit in judgment upon the value of character. Feelings and motives Are things of too Fine a Structure for our Clumsy machinery of jury and witness boxes unravel. Hear hear it was him alone who made the heart and could understand its chords and tone and different Springs that the judgment of character should be left. Our business is with the Security of society. Hear hear How often does it happen that great and fearful crimes do not Spring from depravity of character ? men Are sometimes led and hurried by circumstances into the commission of of lances regarded As atrocious who have working in them some of the Best and noblest principles of our common nature. There is a remarkable passage in illustration of this fact in the Short autobiographical opening the quot rhymes and recollections quot of William Thom the hand loom Weaver of invert in. It was doubt ass known that this Man with his wife and children was at one period bereft of House and Home. He thus describes his Progress in search of shelter a quot it was nine o clock when we approached the Large and comfortable looking steading of a standing about a Quarter of a mile off the Road. Leaving Ray poor flock on the Way Side i pushed Down the path the farm House with considerable Confidence for i had been informed that a meaning by this local application the Farmer was a humane Man who never turned the wanderer from his door. Unfortunately for us the worthy Farmer was from Home and not expected return that night. His housekeeper had admitted several poor people already and could admit no More. I pleaded with her the infancy of my family the lateness of the night and their titter unfitness proceed that we sought nothing but shelter that. The meanest shed would be a Blessing. Heaven s mercy was never More pleaded for than was a night s lodging by me on that occasion but no no no was the unvarying answer a my entreaties. My head throbbed with pain and for a time became the tenement of thoughts i would not now Reed. They partook less of sorrow than of indignation and it seemed me that this same world was a thing very much be hated and on the whole the sooner that one like me could get out of it the better for its Sake and mine of. I Felt myself As it were shut out from Mankind enclosed prisoner in misery no outlet a none my miserable wife and Little ones who alone cared for me what would i not have done for their Sakes at that hour Here let me speak out and be heard too while i Tell it that the world does not at All times know How unsafely it sits when despair has loosed honour s last hold upon the heart when transcendent wretchedness lays weeping reason in the dust when any a sympathising onlooker is deemed an enemy who then can limit the consequences ? for my own part i confess that Ever since that dreadful night i can never hear of an extraordinary criminal without the wish Pierce through the Mere judicial View of his career under which i am persuaded there would often be found exist an unseen impulse a Chain with one end fixed in nature s holiest ground that Drew him on his head these were the thoughts of a Man who had met with the world s approval for what he had written and who has gained the affection of All who know Liim. And who shall say after Reading that passage that where the contemplation of crime is thus linked with natural feelings there May not be a Way drag Back again those who May err and restore them peace with the world and eventually with their own consciences. It has been repeatedly observed this evening that murder is the Only crime for which the punishment of death meets with any Large body of supporters. Now i ask what kind of murders can you put Down by taking away the life of the criminal ? can you put Down murders of passion or of calculation ? As for passion it scorns your forms of Law your judges and your executioners. Cheers the legislators who dream of such an achievement As stopping murders of passion by the punishment of death must have paid but Littie attention the Power of passion in human nature. The Man in whose heart revenge has erected its throne will pursue his victim through the world and accomplish his end at any Price. Hear hear the efforts of such a Man in Pursuit of a laudable object would make him one of our grandest heroes. To accomplish his purpose he makes the boldest struggles sacrifices everything laughs at the police sets judges and executioners at Defiance and gloats Over his victim. Cheers lord Bacon truly says that there is no passion in the mind of Man so weak As not make us master the fear of death. I May be asked am i let such murderers go Loose upon society ? it does not at All follow. They May be As dangerous As wild beasts but if there was a wild beast let Loose in the streets you would not put him death if you could Cage him. Cheers extract the venom from these rent pare the claws of the Tiger and make the murderer if you can. By Wise and judicious and prolonged discipline return again a sympathy with his fellow creatures. That is the Way Deal with him and not make him the object because he has been the agent of murder. Hear then what will you do with your calculators those who in contemplating a murder reckon upon the chances of escape a chances which they see tenfold and which Are added by the very aversion we see daily becoming Strontzer the i action of the punishment of death hear hear by diminishing the number of executions you make rarities 01 them they become a subject of excitement while the culprit is recommended the world s attention and in a certain degree its sympathies. Vanity is fostered in him the last degree he quot gives his autograph expectant inquirers dated the morning of his execution there is his Fame there his Pride. And disposition be cherished or Are we manage the punishment of crime by raising the scaffold into an altar and making the criminal a sacrifice ? cheers then again we see criminals under sentence of death solemnly protesting their innocence in their very last moments with such a degree of Fervour and intensity As unsettle people s minds induce them question the Justice of the sentence bewilder their sympathies and Lead them astray from the proper object and right direction of punishment. We sometimes find coupled together the denial of guilt and the affectation of great piety with disproved innocence. The dying words of such men Are unwisely i think blazoned Forth the world and if True if uttered in the plenitude of innocence instead of hanging such men should be kept alive for the religious Good of society instead of deserving be put death like felons they quot ought at least be made Bishops of. Cheers and laughter it is time for society extricate itself from this confusion. With its Means of instruction its thousands of clergymen its armed battalions its police Force and its representative Wisdom it is a shame upon society be reduced the necessity of strangling a helpless girl or infirm old Man just As a steam engine would crush an insect in order protect itself against crime. Hear it is a Clumsy inefficient and a barbarous practice. According Dean Swift s joke a Man who did not know where he was on seeing a Gibbet by the Way Side at once became satisfied that he was in a civilised country. Laughter but there is another machine at work which More eminently Marks the civilisation of a country which already diminished the working of the Gibbet and will eventually supersede its use i mean the press. Cheers it commenced its operations in this country at a time when the Gibbet was working by wholesale in the reign of Henry the eighth. In that Monarch s reign no less than 72,000 thieves great and Small were executed while he himself the greatest thief of aug laughter followed by enthusiastic cheering a went his grave unchanged beg Only Gibbs ted in the pages of history the who quot a Ting. Cheers in succeeding a Pic quot of i i it i worked More and More the Eal Lols less a ii i Trust will continue employ the Orrl l quot quot the of the Langdom Ofa a a he one which i barbarism shall succumb the other we Eph of of darkness until the quot one quot whih barbarism shall succumb the oth Symbol of peace. Loud and continued cd concluded by moving the following re Solutin or quot that the following petition the Queen entrusted for presentation s sir Robert Peel and that similar Petiti both houses of parliament. That the a Taw Den Anbe respectfully requested o presi a a the lords and w Ewan esq., that the petition alluded was then i and at quot a a adopted. It stated tha the punishment of death a cd the Spint of Chesti amt that it does i Desman that its effects Are Cle moralising i involves a destruction of the innocent by of h i is and at others favours the escape of guilt tin a comes it was meant repress and that of a a a a thei before prayed that some other punishment a voided. Civil cd and Christian state May be pro ride or. G. W. Alexander in a Short the Resolution which was carried unanimous the chairman said that he was desirous of hanuman Saia that he was desirous of a a i been received from two it 8 a items who he had hoped would have attende7thp who had stated their Fuu intention of quot a a incr who had stated their Fuu intention Ofloinn possible. He meant or Douglas Jerrold Anhar quot a i. Dickens. Cheers a a or. The letter from or. D. Jerrold was As follows a quot a dear sir a i fear it will not be present at the meeting of the Crentz object of the meeting or it u. Quot s in and have for some doings Earne especially some Sei vice 1rs which done xxx chug i most heartily a some years past the extent y it in pub cation Llly from its vast circulation t., a it the question. Quot whilst the r the cause of my absence i we but Little Earth misinterpreted As a Luke wanness Towai is the quot yours Faith fully cheers that from or. Dicken is a Mot quot quot quot esteemed Friend a i am sorry in my Power attend the me Setinc int quot quot quot kit is matter of regret me but i s quot it is quot m Atter of regret it still More if i had tonal Assurance that should be there. Ever Given you an the object of the meeting or Liat the More i the subject which it is directed the More quot i that the punishment of death must be and a if a a quot thine Faithie quot quot a Charles pics tvs that the i _ Long abolished. Quot Charles Gilpin cheers the Rev. Or. Christmas moved the last re a in a a quot that a society be now formed be exd for the abolition of capital punishment and Mittee be appointed with Power add their no Berk quot the Resolution was seconded by or Wuinn supported by or. Vincent in a speech of is and carried unanimously. Quot a nce or. moved that the thanks of the. Given the chairman for his Able and impartial Zuj the chair which was acknowledged bythe Honosky Feo Dock meet my separated at afe Minz we take this Oppolt Siuty of noticing the we chm. Madation for the press at Exeter Hall the a Muf ingress and egress the reporters Box is through 8 under the platform which lessens in its height Taffi those who have Grope their Way through itto arts fours. The place set apart for the reporters my limited it ought in fact be entire sri the plat font with Means of Access at either end sure is the it Ernst As it clearly must be the duty of Henze tors of this magnificent building provide the Best acs quot Madation in their Power for Gentic men who have so an Iuo and important a duty perform and we Hope it is Only Pessary Point out the Esil in order secure its remedy the government of Hong Koyo. To the editor of quot the a ,. Manchestek april 18,1846 sir a the article in your paper of yesterday Hare reference the government of our colonial Empire but More that of new zealand induces me Hope that a May succeed in drawing your attention the great mis government of another portion of our Emmae homr Kotiw i landed at that Island on the 1st of october isl Fis Calcutta having resided some considerable time in India and returned Home at the beginning of this rear so that at least it must he allowed that i have the by refit of experience direct me in my observations. I have no hesitation in saying that the Prosperity of Hong Kong has been by the conduct of our c colonial got emment by the incapacity of the men selected govern it and be fore a tribunal of competent men would stake myer Stence prove it their satisfaction. I had Only been in Hong Kong a few Days when an dict was issued by sir. Dark directing that All the chinese inhabitants on the Island should on a fixed Day Register themselves at the eeg Istria general s office paying a registration fee of one Dollar a head. Immediately the chinese population declared the ii determination leave the Island rather than pay the the act of registration itself they did not object though in Dollar is a Large sum in China the weekly wages of a Coo Cyl being about three fourths of this sum at most and ticket would it was stated in the chinese translation of the proclamation require be renewed quot every now and then though i believe it was intended have said quot am mall but the wrong chinese word was used women and children were All have paid a Dollar each so that it paced it out the Power of a poor Man pay the fees for himself Ani family and the hardship was rendered i eater inasmuch a any p persons residing in the Island for a week subjected them. Selves it. Previous the making Public of the dict All tie merchants and inhabitants assembled. A heard of the governor s intention a deputation Waiuli on his excellency and told him that the amount of Ali fee was such As resolved itself into a Pou Tai Aii that they had no hesitation in saying that not Only was impolitic enforce the payment of the fee but that it is impossible. Well As usual under like circumstances tii governor despised other councils than those of officials tip of men who Bear in mind had their All staked in the prof purity of the place. The Day for paying the fee came tit chinese in crowds began Teave the Island when at Dar. Of morning the police began visit their houses Enron registration and payment of the fees. Starvation stared us the face for Hong Kong is at the mercy of the chinese up during nothing not even a Blade of grass being a Mere Baib Rock. Some few chinese were seized by the police backed Bye soldiers and compelled carry the provisions of the Niar Lif people our houses for the provisions were also Seu but As though we might appropriate what ads a the Island ourselves yet could get no More from distance the governor was compelled give Way i fact was until nothing nits be had for the got Csc own table his eyes were shut bringing All the England our government into derision amongst a people the Fri affected in the world by anything of this kind. Tone instance alone out of Many by which Hong a has been ruined everybody when i landed in october lit said quot the governor and his Council composed of tent men men never engaged in the Active business Oti Lare mining the it is now 1846, and quot i fail i comply quot nearly All our mercantile establishments have k the place ships merely Call there because they must Saup it on their Way Canton and the government people main by themselves a agitating no doubt some Meas it which will have the effect of ruining the Trade at the r ports As they have done at Hong Kong now that Ito. Kong being setted they have undivided attention ? elsewhere. What is tiie remedy for this ? you have emphatically pointed it out when you say quot quot e there is a be quot by simple Anc natural remedy is is gig colonists themselves a share in the government is quot Coio macs Leui serves a ii Aiu in in quot a by Ujj them always consulted in the government Ana their experience As Well As their interest have their weight in a Laws and had this been Case at Hong Kong it would have arrived before that degree of Prosperity that would have Envoi Bear its own expenses but by injudicious Felt overload the infant it is crippled and Waw remedial measures be now used it never a have those Fine proportions which follow nurture. Bitterly do All who possess property thong complain at having their property depreciate a m because a few offic ids stand in the Way of pro pm quot people can remove but holders of property Are in Sony sure bound the place. Your obedient Semn Jujj at the Many a grand House the the lord was quot the lady Mayoress gave a splendid entertain Meni judges and Many of the principal members of the their ladies. Amongst the company at dinner a Sci out in the Etian Hall and supped luxurious prodigality by i in sirs. Ring and a quot a the vice chancelor and lady Shadwell Justice Tindal chief Baron Pollock and lady judges Park Wightman Alderson Kohe Dodson and Hagarman and their lad of Fie and solicitor general and their ladies Lieuten Frederick and mrs. Smith colonel and mrs. Nar. Gains Paley and Steele and their ladies a a i / Simpkinson Serjeant a Talfourd Chaun Elj a quot Allen Wilkins Bane and their ladies the mayor or. Clarkson or. Datum Pool or. Bethel or. Wakelin or. Clarkson or. Laurie or. Locke or. Merewether and a quot a barristers and their ladies the chamber f of Serjeant or. Pritchard tiie High Badill of an l other City officers and their ladies or. A a m.p., and my. Baldwin miss Vidler sister Al Mayoress miss Bamber or. And the Rani and mrs. Live right the Rev. Charles 1 Are rower lady or. Deputy Brown and mrs. Anai Urs. Raj Irwin Luis r r �3011, Mayoress miss Bamber or. And the Rand of Charles 1 Are brow ofis. Brown or. Fra quot Palmer or. C. Pahner or. John Vood cd. General purposes committee aldermen Peter Laurie Farebrother Gil is in wors a of. Hooper Musgrove Farncomb Hughes a quot quot i Uri and Moon and their ladies sheriff Laurie 4 undersheriff wire and Bircham and their Iasi Essex yeomanry band attended and Plary a a great spirit and taste and or. Barker the great Spint effect master announced the toasts with Vei a pjs a yes if the Triton Steamer that left Ostend a i Rit Day morning Blackwall at one in the of Tern several passengers of distinction on braid. Crin j Zingoni Oil

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