London And China Telegraph Newspaper Archives Oct 3 1904, Page 6

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London And China Telegraph (Newspaper) - October 3, 1904, London, Middlesex 858 the London and China 1904 japans work in a correspondent sends to the times an Able account of japans work in her first Island of from his lengthy statement we extract the when Japan entered Formosa she found the coast at the mercy of the Interior was ruled partly by the Savage partly by organised bands of outlaws and who plundered ships wrecked on the coast and murdered the Crews who approached the in fact the Island had to be conquered Inch by Inch and the Savages had to be tamed before the country could be the Conquest of the Island took a year and on March it was placed under civil though the country has hitherto enjoyed Only a few years of Complete peace under japanese the appearance of the country and the spirit of its formerly Savage inhabitants have already greatly and the natives begin to understand the blessings of japanese Rule and to Praise the policy by which Japan has achieved this remarkable Success has been the so far As respected the prejudices of the and has tried rather to guide gently than to coerce them on the path of for the ancient peace corps which was established by the chinese and which protected the inhabitants against the raids of armed and against and other natural was but at the same time the enlightened Laws of Japan were whilst these Laws Are in the main applied with their full Force to the japanese residing in the they Are modified in the Case of the aboriginal inhabitants whose Lac of civilisation makes them unable to appreciate at once civilised conditions and the necessity to respect those Laws whereby civilisation is therefore matters which relate to chinese residents and to the aboriginal natives Are on the whole dealt with in accordance with old established and the natives cannot complain about having to obey stringent the justification of which they cannot whilst the japanese government has in no Way tried to Hurt the susceptibilities of the natives by meddling with their religion and their it has Given them tangible proof of the Benefit of japanese Rule by improving in every respect the conditions of the the country used to suffer much from epidemic which were largely caused by the wretchedly bad water which the natives obtained from stagnant pools and contaminated consequently the japanese set about to provide a Supply of pure further to improve the health and bodily Well being of the hospitals have been established at and Branch hospitals have been opened at Many less important education being the basis and starting Point of All Japan has introduced her splendid educational system in there Are schools for the japanese with 60 teachers and and there Are 130 elementary schools for the natives with a teach ing staff of 521 who Are educating and transforming them into civilised Japan is not satisfied with providing elementary education for the for t is her ambition to give to Formosa the Best she has to con sequently Japan has established for the use of the natives a medi Cal a japanese language and a school for training school the happiness of the individual depends not Only on his his Freedom from tyranny and on his bodily Well but also on his consequently Japan has made it her aim to increase the Prosperity of her new when Japan took Over Formosa there were no roads in but strange to say there was a Short piece of railway which was almost so badly was it built and so wretchedly was it railway fares and freights were changed almost and trains run when understanding the fundamental requirements of the japanese started methodically upon Road making in Many parts of the and according to a recent report of the United states Consul More than Miles of Road have already been at the same the japanese govern ment mapped out a comprehensive scheme of on which it proposes to spend yen or almost an amount which for a country like Japan sounds almost the and telephones have also been introduced with the greatest the native industries which were carried on in Formosa when the japanese arrived were pursued in a very unsatisfactory scientific and even thorough of the fruitful ground was unknown the natives relied chiefly on the Bounty of nature unaided and though the formosan Farmer did obtain and even crops of Rice in a his Harvest was not proportionate to his and his income was totally through the improved methods which have been introduced by the the production of Rice has increased by 10 per Between 1896 and the production of Tea has grown fivefold Between the same and the other Agri cultural Staple such As Sweet All show a very Large the enormous were insufficiently and the wastefulness of the natives was such for camphor Oil was treated As waste by the native who extracted camphor from the the consequence of the reforms which have been introduced by the japanese has been that the production of camphor t has steadily within two years the output of Gold has been increased the output of Coal twofold and the output of Silver besides these Only Petroleum is but this has so far been left practically the improvement in Trade and industries of Formosa naturally made apparent the need of improved banking organs Ami improved currency the formosan Bank established As the Central banking Organ in the Island and i banking offices were opened in the More important centres office savings Banks have also been and have had a i Gratifying the number of depositors increased in and the amount deposited from yen m 1896 to yen in Formosa also had to be Formosa used to be a where the medium of Exchange was not exactly As in China and the Bulky Copper coinage used to make commercial transactions of any magnitude Well nigh an impossibility this antediluvian monetary system has now been replaced by the monetary system of Japan has poured Money like water into she has established factories for making Brown White she has sent out Many of her Ablest men As and she will no doubt in due time receive her Reward for her enlightened Only a few years have elapsed since the Island has been completely never the economic Ordinary Progress which has already been made is very the increased Prosperity of the inhabitants May be seen from the fact that the general Revenue which principally derived from government works and undertakings the opium and various has expanded from yen in 1896 to yen in Huv ingrown almost the Ordinary local which is chiefly taxes on land has risen from yen in 1898 to yen having almost trebled m four in the collection of the general and local taxes no undue hardship has been exercised in order to obtain these magnificent it Only natural that the population of Formosa has rapidly increased Pari with the development of its in 1897 the population of Formosa amounted to but in 1903 it had risen to the japanese a officers and the great number of casualties among the russian officers and particularly their while no japanese general has been hit is due largely to the different theories of generalship followed in the two the generals of the japanese Are while the russians cling to the old Skobeleff tradition of a commander at the head of his men leading the from the russian Side it must be hard to discover the japanese because their uni terms Are so like those of the and because general Kuroki and the lesser generals usually Are somewhere behind the fighting lines managing their Battles by Telegraph and every general of brigade in the Field is like a modern ambassador at the end of a which his divisional commander and the generals of divisions Are in touch by or Telephone with the corps the engineers run wires after the columns with marvellous firing is heard somewhere at the a detachment of engineers emerges from pack ponies carrying of Light Bamboo while coolies and carts follow them with coils of slender Copper the poles which have pointed Are quickly the wire spreads out As fast As men can uncool and a Field Telephone is at the russian generalship is More and perhaps in Spires the soldiers with greater but the japanese is essentially these generals do not play to the galleries at All the censorship which they enforce tends to deprive them of their just dues in often correspondents Are for Bidden to mention the names of the leaders of daring and important because the names might give the enemy a clue to the and therefore to the strength and the characteristics of organisations opposing general Kuroki is a quiet and unassuming rather the Moltke Type than the theatrical general who gallops about exhorting and cursing his his Type is apparently the prevailing one in the japanese his Force partakes of his it be de scribed As the silent the russians have their regimental which play at Sunset and on the March and during and their Soldier Advance to the sound of they chant their evening hymn around the soup and sometimes the Roar of a patriotic chorus Rolls through the Hills from the russian Camp fires to the ears of japanese but in this although the infantry carry bugles by notes they March in peace i have never heard the sound of a trumpet near the no War songs Are their enthusiasm is displayed to the ear Only m moments of Victory by that weird and stirring cheer Banzai with which they nor is this a convivial the few Camp followers whose presence near the front is sell cigarettes tooth writing paper and the nearest shop where a bottle of Saki or Beer can be bought is at fifty Miles to the and that Means that the officers get very and the soldiers there Are none of those restaurants dispensing Champagne and which figure so conspicuously in accounts of the russian and no cafes with yellow haired singing girls no women of any sort in the Wake of the and cigarettes Are the soldiers writing letters and Reading newspapers their Riding about the Camps one always sees hundreds of soldiers sitting Cross legged under the Trees painting artistic epistles to with brushes on Rolls of thin the greatest indulgence of the officers Are the big Iron carried in two on a which Are used for heating water for hot Baths As Well As to Cook

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