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Logansport Canal Telegraph (Newspaper) - September 24, 1836, Logansport, Indiana
By Lasselle amp Dillon vol. , Indiana saturday september 34, 1886. No 8, i 3 or. Clay s speech at the Woodford festival. Extract or. Clay proceeded to speak of the constant tampering with the currency which marked the character of this administration. One rash Lawless and crude Experiment succeeds another. He considered the late Treasury order by which All payment for Public lands were to be made in specie with one exception for a Short duration a most ill advised illegal and pernicious measure. In principle it was wrong in practice it will favor the very speculation which it professes to Endeavor to suppress. The officer who issued it As if conscious of its obnoxious character sheltered himself behind the name of the and where is the authority for such an order if in contemplation of Law payments to the Pui Ilic Treasury Are to be made in specie the Law contemplates All payments. The Law a should be equal in its Presciti prions equal in its executions equal in its the distinguishing Charcle Vistic of Republican government of any government of Laws a is the universality of their operation with a out favor or partiality without discrimination. The Law no More requires payments for the Public lands to be made in specie than payments for the custom House duties. Bol i should be demanded in Specic or duties could be paid in specie without much inconvenience As they Are collectable in cities where Banks and s Eric abound. Lands a cannot be paid for in Specic without immense inconvenience. Yet the order exacts specie for the lands and permits Bank notes to be re Oei cd for the duties. The order in i sect requires specie at great Hazard and expense to be transported from the Atlantic cities a Cross tic mount iii. A. I it uie May be iii Oyid of quot . A Ain in like vehicles at similar expense and Hazard. Or what will be still More injurious to the Western quot states it subjects their Banks to perpetual drafts of specie to meet the wants of purchasers of the Public Domain. There is no authority of Law for the discrimination Between payments for the Public lands and payments for duties. There is no authority for the geographical discrimination which has been made Between the Western slates and the Atlantic states. If the president May enforce the Law upon some and forbear to enforce it upon others according to his pleasure his will in i Eccl becomes the jaw and the Law has lost its equal general and impartial operation. If he May make a geographical distinction if he May say at his pleasure that for some things specie shall be paid and for others Bank notes to the government he May make a personal discrimination and order that his friends May pay in Bank notes but his opponents shall pay in specie. In principle there is i Terence the measure will Aid the very speculation against which it purports to be levelled. The speculators that keen eyed watchful sleepless class will soon learn and know Well enough How to accommodate them Selyus to the new state of things. They Are Large purchasers requiring Large Means and they will take care and provide the requisite masses of specie. But on the Small purchasers the Saddle bags men on the poor the operations of the measure will be most injurious. Many o Ithem will hear of the order the first time at the land office when they Are about to pay for the lands which they wish to enter. They will offer Good Eastern notes really Worth a Premium of from a half to two per cent at any land office in the United states. These notes will be rejected perhaps and the very lands which Thev wish to enter May be appropriated on the spot by some Speculator. Or the land officer will turn them Over to some neighbouring broker possibly with whom he Anay be concerned to Cash his Premium notes at a discount. Or the purchaser finding that his notes will not be received by the Public some Speculator present May offer to take them and accommodate him with land at an advanced Price. Orthe land officer knowing that the notes Are really Worth More than the a Pecie if the purchaser be a Friend or political partizan May determine the order notwithstanding to receive them to remit them to the eastward have them cashed to his credit and pocket the profit. The measure is fraught a with abuses of All kinds. We shall Hea of the loss on the Road of Wagon loads of specie from the land offices to the Eastern Bank never transported and the loss will be verified with All the forms of Complete proof. But the president and Secretary had no right to promulgate any such order. The Law admits of no such discrimination. If the Resolution of the 30th april 1816, continues in operation and the administration on the occasion of the removal of the deposits and on the present occasion relies upon it As in full Force it gave the Secretary no such discretion As he exercised. That Resolution required and directed the Secretary of the Treasury to adopt such measures As he might deem necessary a to cause As. Soon As May be All duties taxes debts or sums of Money accruing or becoming payable to the United states to be collected or paid in the Legal currency of the United states or a eat in. Notes or notes of the Bank of the United states As by Law provided and declared or in notes of Banks which Are payable and paid on demand in the said Legal currency of the United this Resolution was restrictive and prohibitory upon the Secretary Only As to the notes of Banks not redeemable in specie on demand. As to All such notes he was forbidden to receive them from and after the 20th Day of february 1837. As to notes of Banks which which were payable and paid on demand in specie the Resolution was not merely permissive it was compulsory and mandatory. He was bound and is yet bound to receive them until Congress interferes. Or. Clay Ani adverted upon the policy of the present administration towards the Indian tribes. It had been productive of fraud violence and injustice. By treaties or pretended treaties made with them both the United states and the indians had been defrauded out of lands of immense value under the forms of reservations which had gone to enrich individual speculators. By our ill treatment of them they Are goaded into acts of desperation and then the sympathies of the White people Are appealed to on account of Indian depredations. The object of this policy is to remove them from one Side of a River where they Are surround by the Whites to the other Side whore they will soon be again surrounded by the Whites. And before the process of removal is completed whilst it is yet in Progress the states in whose neighbourhood West of the Mississippi they Are placed Are calling upon the general government for Protection against the danger of Indian hostilities. Already two regiments of dragoons have been raised permanently for that purpose and at the last session a Bill passed the Senate 1o augment the standing in in Liv Rii of Ibur thousand men and the chief argument urged for it was the concentration of the indians West of the Mississippi. Thus a permanent charge of great annual amount is fastened upon the country to carry out this policy. Taking that in View the Cost of Indian treaties of Indian wars the consequence of the policy and other expenses or. Clay believed that the Cost of this removing policy would not fall much Short of fifty millions of dollars before it was finally executed. He spoke of the Cherokee treaty ratified at the last session of Congress. No vote of the Senate since he had been a member had Given him More pain or excited More Surprise. Governor Carroll of Tennesse and a Parson scheme Horn a disgrace to the pious and honorable i efe Sion of which he was a member had been jointly appointed to treat with the Cherokee nation composed according to a report of the Secretary of War of about eighteen thousand souls. Governor Carroll could not attend and the whole business fell into the hands of the Parson exclusively. The cherokees in general Council in september last appointed a committee to treat. With them he did not treat. Instead of treating with them for the Purchase of the Cherokee country he made a proclamation that he would at a specified Day and place within the Clie Rokee county treat with any of the cherokees who would attend and treat with him and that All who did not attend should be considered As assenting and bound by the treaty which he might conclude. In the mean Lime All practicable Means at the command of the american negotiator were employed to coax and coerce the attendance of the indians. On the Day appointed out of the eighteen thousand some five or six Hundred including men women and children Only presented themselves and Many of these formed no part of the cherokees East of the Mississippi alone having right to sell the Cherokee with some seventy or eighty indians he patched up a treaty and sent it to Washington. It was submitted by the president to the Senate. And it had not been there Many weeks before the almost United voice of the Cherokee people was raised against it. Memorials signed or subscribed with the Marks of upwards of sixteen thousand cherokees were Laid before the Senate denying the Indian authority upon which the treaty Wes negotiated and solemnly protesting against its obligatory Force upon the Cherokee people. In spite of these memorials in spite of All the opposition which Ever deplorable could justify the ratification of an instrument As a treaty which was deficient in the essential requisite of the concurrence of two contracting parties. But he believed also that these consequences might have been averted by the proper exercise of the lawful authority of the United states. Or. Clay said that he had again and again warned his countrymen of the danger illustrated by All history of elevating to the chief magistracy a Man possessing no other than Mere military qualification. He never had contended or thought it improper to place at the head of Public affairs a citizen who United to a knowledge of the Art of War and experience in conducting it. The requisite attainments for civil administration. On the contrary such a Union of qualifications constituted a great recommendation of the person in whom it might be found. It was desirable that the first officer of the re pubic should if possible be intimately acquainted with and have experience in every Branch of administration civil military naval and diplomatic. The wider the Circle of his knowledge the better for the country if it be United with virtue and integrity. Scepticism. It is not the plan of heaven that truth which lies within the sphere of evidence should be obtained without mental Effort. Acquisition by investigation and Delight in Section is a part of the mind s everlasting employment and blessedness. Men ought to think for themselves As really As they ought to eat for themselves and if to prevent infidelity you repress investigation you May have uniformity indeed but it will be that of vacant minds. You May Avert storms but it will be to secure stagnation and putrefaction. It is not True however that free and Independent thought tends to infidelity. There always have been minds and there always will be who will not submit to dictation or tamely commit to memory other men s opinions and it is to such men that the reformation owed its birth and from whom the Bible has received its most Able defence. And if As incident to such High action there should be some who sometimes miss the Mark they Are not to be treated As outlaws. You May intimidate the object in this manner but assuredly you will raise up around the Church an army of powerful embittered assailants to make reprisals by the subversion of her sons. No doubt men Are accountable to god for their dangerous errors and their mischievous tendency May properly be exposed but it should be done in the language of compassion towards them that Are out of the Way and not in the language of contempt and vituperation. It is not uncommon for men to mistake their feelings of unreconciled aversion to truth for Lack of evidence. We arc not satisfied they say. We Are not convinced. We Are ready to believe when the evidence is when the whole secret is that they Are not pleased. To the disobedient Law always appears unreasonable. The entire anti social conspiracy of thieves robbers burglars pickpockets and swindlers look upon our Laws and institutions with aversion and Are deeply prejudiced and virulent in their opposition. They regard separate property and government As a usurpation and their own As an unreasonable persecution. And thus and for the same reasons do sinful men feel towards the government of god and they Call that insufficient evidence which fails to remove the . Beecher. Covered Heads bid their men a silent Farewell filing off they pile their arms in solemn silence and with clasped hands and averted eyes Are dismissed each one to his own Way. Is there aught in grecian or roman Story in ancient or modern revolutions that can equal this last act of our Veteran fathers in magnanimity and lofty patriotism a Lawrenc s oration. From the Springfield Gazette. An aristocracy of wealth and Genius differ essentially in their influence of one scorns to hold communion with minds of Superior order unless they have descended from ancestors graced with All the elegance that luxury can furnish or Art invent a while it is the design of the other to extend the kind hand of Charity and nurture those intellects by encouraging their attainments in knowledge and preparing them to withstand the Shock of oppression and violence. The aristocracy created by wealth imparts a deadly and blighting influence and by its illiberal and ungenerous spirit Withers the source of Benevolence weakens an attachment to Liberty and prepares the Way for corruption in its most detestable forms. The aristocracy created by Genius is sufficiently enlightened to know that True greatness does not consist in outward pomp or vain pretence but in the graces of intellectual ant moral excellence which in their most surpassing loveliness can take Delight in disseminating truth and opposing error As it exists among the i inferior orders of society. It holds no Alliance to that sordid spirit which looks with disdain upon those who Are not decked with the tinsel and splendor of artificial ornament and which would make them Servile instruments to its own sensual gratification. Noble magnanimity. The Montreal Gazette records an act tha deserves a Universal Meed of Praise. During the recent heated election a capias was placed in the hands of the sheriff against one o the candidates for the legislature for a Deb of a very Large amount due to a person in the province. It was not in the Power of the sheriff to accept bail for the jail limits and the con sequence was that the debtor would not have been Able to appear at the polls to attend personally to the Means necessary to secure his return. Under these circumstances Colone quot iii Holm the opposing candidate came Forward and offered to give his own obligation for the payment of the debt so that his opponent might suffer no inconvenience on that account. The sheriff however took the responsibility of letting the matter stand Over until the close of the polls. Rom the Columbia Texas Telegraph aug. 19. We have been requested to announce the following citizens As candidates at the ensuing election under the new Constitution. For president. Stephen f. Austin Henry Smith Branch t. Archer. For vice president. M. B. Lamar. The following letter from Gen. Austin to at Friend has been handed us for publication from which it will be seen that he general Austin is before the people As a candidate for president. Columbia aug. 4th, 1836. Dear sir�?1 have been nominated by Many persons whose opinions i am bound to respect As a candidate for president of Texas at the september election. Influenced by the great governing principle which has regulated my actions since i came o Texas 15 years ago which is to serve this country in any capacity in which the people might think proper to employ me i shall not decline the highly responsible and difficult one now proposed should the majority of my fellow citizens elect me. My labors and exertions to Settle this country and promote its welfare Are Well known. My objects arc the general Good and the permanent Liberty and Prosperity of Texas. In the Pursuit of this object i can say with a Clear conscience that i have been honest and sincere in my intentions and shall continue to be so whether 1 am acting As a private citizen or As a Public officer. I perceive by the proclamation of the president ordering the election that the people Are to say whether they Are in favor or not of annexing Texas to the to United states. On this Point 1 shall consider myself bound if elected to obey the will of the people. As a citizen however i am free to say that i am in favor of annexation and will do All in my Power to effect it with the least possible delay. Respectfully your fellow citizen s. F. Austin. To we. H. Jack Esq. Was made by himself and others to the ratification of such a treaty it was ratified a inst the votes of fifteen senators that of himself and his colleague being of the number. And thus the cherokees a people who have always been Friendly to the United states and who were represented at Washington by delegates As civilized As orderly and decent in their a Peai Ance As members of Congress Are script of their country and the people of the United states Are subjected to the payment of five million six Hundred thousand dollars. It is proper just to mention that one senator who voted for the ratification of the treaty and others Are believed to have acted under the same impressions declared in his place that he did not believe the instrument was a treaty and that he voted for it because he apprehended the cherokees would be exterminated by the Whites if not removed. Or. Clay had believed that no consequences How disgrace and exile disbanding of the revolutionary army. When has the Sun in All Bis course since time began shone upon a scene like the disbanding of the revolutionary army where is the history that can show its parallel or the people that can boast its equal an army flushed with Victory that has just achieved the Independence of its country and Given it a name and place among the nations a an army that with indescribable toil and hardship had accomplished the High purposes of its enlistment and that had Large and just claims upon the Treasury As Well As gratitude of the nation is summoned on Parade for the last time their arrearage Are unpaid quot they Are without a Dollar in their pockets without comfortable apparel without a single Day s rations in their Knapsacks hundreds of Miles from Home which Home May have been desolated in their absence by Savage violence Many of them enfeebled by sickness and protracted sufferings and All of them goaded to extreme sensitiveness by a most eloquent exhibition of their deserts and an exciting portraiture of their grievances by a talented and ingenious their love of country overcome the promptings of selfishness and the keen and bitter stings of disappointment will they refuse to listen to the song of the Syren that justifies and urges self remuneration will these care worn and neglected veterans pile their arms and literally beg their passage homeward will they quietly surrender the Means of redress in their hands and Trust cold Charity for bread and the tardy Justice of their country for remuneration of it is More than human it is god like. The drum beats the line is formed the Flag of Index cadence is advanced to their front the folic cars with in water Power of the Connecticut Valley. At the Railroad convention held at Windsor it. Last Winter some statements were made relative to this subject by Gen. Phelps from the committee to whom it was referred. Their report has been published and it gives a most interesting idea of the business destiny which awaits it. The estimate is based upon Low water and independently of the extra swelling of the streams for several months in the Spring and then they calculate by the number of Cotton Mills it is capable of operating estimating each Cotton Mill at 4,000 from the level above the dam at Mcl does Falls to the level of the tide water opposite Hartford the whole fall in Connecticut River is 440 feet 6 inches of which 270 feet is estimated at nine different dams in the River and the remainder distributed in equal proportions. Setting aside the latter though much of it is available or will be and supposing the fall required for each set of manufactories to be 15 feet following the Lowell estimate and averaging the Quantity of water in the River each fall would operate 20 manufactories or Cotton Mills of 1000 spindles each so that the Power would operate 360 Mills or one million four Hundred and forty thousand spindles. Add to this the streams As Well As they could be calculated the number of 50, and we have a sufficient Power to operate 730 Cotton Mills or 280,000 spindles which added to the amount furnished by the Connecticut give an aggregate of water Power that if applied to machinery would As the Greenfield Gazette remarks Supply the world with transcript modesty. This is sometimes a questionable virtue. In the pilgrims of the Rhine an allegory is introduced in which the Virtues Are sent on a years pilgrimage each alone. Modesty quartered herself on a Young author kicked ambition out of his head discouraged his publishing choked him when he Rose to speak in parliament and drove him from political life to clerical. There miss modesty was again in the Way damped his Zeal froze his Energy and we hardly dare Tell the rest. It will afford a new excuse to wine fibbers and Brandy Consumers to Tell them that modesty sometimes makes a Man take to drinking. What an idea selected. A Good boy was asked does the Leopard Ever change his spots of yes when he is tired of one spot he goes to st. Joseph Job of building the Bridge across the st. Joseph River connecting with the Village the territorial Road was let by the proper authorities on saturday last for ten thousand dollars. Messes. Stewart Sanger amp co. Have taken it. It is a comfortable thought to the friends of this improvement that these Are men of competent resources. The work we understand is to be completed within the present year. Another Bridges that one which it has been proposed to throw across the Pawpaw River at its Mouth is also to be let in a Short time. This Bridge will connect the st. Joseph Bridge with extensive improvements now being in North st. . Joseph Herald. Or Johnson when speaking of a person who maintained that there was no difference Between virtue and vice said Why sir if the fellow do not think As he Speaks he is lying and i see not what Honor he can propose to himself from the character of a liar but if he really think there is no distinction Between virtue and vice Why sir when he leaves our House let us count our . In order to prevent fermentation and to preserve them from losing the original Fine and pleasant flavor my plan is and which experience proves to me to have the desired effect quot to have them packed in casks As they Are digging from the ground and to have the casks when the potatoes Are filled in them filed up with Sand or Earth taking care that it is done As speedily As possible and that All spaces in the casks of potatoes Are filled up with Earth or Sand the cask thus packed holds As Many potatoes As it would were no Earth or Sand used and As the air is totally excluded it cannot act on the potatoes and consequently no fermentation can take Corn in Winter. Now is the time to prepare it and it will meet with a ready Sale depend upon it. Ithe following is the process and a very simple one it is. Sweet porn is nothing More than our common Corn taken at this season boiled As for table use Cut from the cob and dried on clean clot Sinthe Sun. It must be thoroughly dried and then teed in a dry room. When wanted for use 4pthat is necessary is to throw a few handfuls into a pot of boiling water and in ten or fifteen minutes you have a Fine dish of Corn in the dead of Winter As delicious As if it had just been plucked from the Field at this season. It is also an excellent ingredient for soups. The indians sometimes put dried Beans with it it is then called suck a Tash. The new Zelander talk of sending some Temperance agents to the United states to Aid the cause in America. They drink nothing stronger than whale Oil there acid eat nothing heartier than Young men and women on the first of August there were forty millions of dollars in the Treasury. A i r / i m ,
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