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Logansport Canal Telegraph (Newspaper) - November 19, 1836, Logansport, Indiana Amp Dilloff. A a a a via Jet a sum itt i Dyance Fri my cent a at stump nth or Uuele he avast i lines or less in we la tines of $1, each Continio Anee 25 Eints. No a Pommer Tai Row opposite the poet office. From the new York Many hammered Rifle. This extraordinary invention of a Yoang american native of new Hampshire and Irlich is now being for the first time exhibited to the Public at the fair of the american in it Laie Niblo s Garden deserves More than a passing notice. There Are circumstances connected with it which give it a Peculiar if not romantic interest in the history of the arts in our country if any thing were wanting amidst the multitude of extraordinary inventions which have for the lust half Century been recorded in the archives of our Patent office to illustrate and establish the pre eminent claims of our countrymen to Genius of a High order it would be that which forms the particular subject of our remarks. Or. Cochran s father was a lawyer and afterwards a merchant of Eminence in Enfield new Hampshire and the son John Webster Cochran was born there and has invented the species of firearms in question was brought top to no particular business. At the very a arly age however of sixteen he discovered a Strong taste and passion for mechanical experiments and was constantly occupied in the construction of machinery which his father approving of unlike Many other fathers encouraged and to further ithe wishes of his son expended several thousand dollars in his behalf in the Cost of the different kinds of apparatus required. When Only eighteen he made the discovery in question but did not perfect it until three years after. He then went to France and England and exhibited his Model Cannon the Genius of our people. 0 g it 0 vol. which the barrel acquired 650 Deg. Of heat while the revolving Cylinder which contained the charges was comparatively Cool being Only 250 dog. Of temperature. The Sultan s exclamation expressive of his Delight was god save the americans if such boys As you Are or. C. Being then but 31 can invent such things what can your men do he then asked him for the Bill of expenses and being told by or. C. It was left to his own pleasure he went the next Day at the request of the Sultan to visit him at his Palace. The bag of Gold he there received was truly an Imperial present and enough to make his Fortune. The amount would scarcely be be lived should we name it and we do not feel ourselves authorized to specify the sum More distinctly than May be inferred from what we have said. Or. Cochran soon after returned to America with the understanding that he should have a contract for supplying a Large number of Cannon of the pattern exhibited whenever it could be agreeable for him to execute it. These adventures of or. Cochrane yet a youth seeking in a foreign a and that patronage and encouragement which were the proper measure and appreciation justly due to his pre eminent talents and which it is Inni Enta ble to be obliged to confess his own countrymen would not have i bestowed upon him Recai the similar examples of West Fulton Perkins and others and Are calculated to reflect discredit upon our National reputation inasmuch As americans ought to be the first to Reward those inventive Powers which Are so emphatically characteristic of As Well As honorable to 1.0gai1sp0kt, in vol i a sax roat we 19, 1836. Leaves the muzzle and in the same proportion is the velocity augmented and therefore to less charge is required on this account As Well As on account of the manner in which the percussion Cones communicate with the Chambers As already stated. The creases of the barrel As we before said keep the Ball exactly in its place throughout its course to the muzzle whereas the Patch always used in Ordinary rifles is constantly liable to tear which causes the irregularity of the Ball s motion and defeats the very object for which rifles were intended. The manner in which the percussion Cones communicate with the Middle of the Chambers causes the pow a to explode in one half the time it would be if the ignition took place at the end of and posterior to the chamber. As an evi4ence of the accuracy and effectiveness of this Rifle or. Cochran related a Bear Hunt in which he took part a few Days since on the Moose mountains in his native 3tate of new Hampshire. He fired at the animal with the Rifle now at the exhibition and lodged nine balls in his brain while he was under full Way at the distance of some four or five rods from him. The Bear was brought to the ground and the nine balls recognized and identified from the others lodged near them by the Groove made in them by the creases of the tubes and by their cylindrical shape. His brother sportsmen who had until then deemed themselves in Possession of Good sporting pieces expressed themselves in raptures at the superiority of their Young countryman s magical Rifle. Another remarkable property in this Rifle to Louis Philippe and William the in. While at Paris in 1833-34, he was requested by the tui ish ambassador to explain it to the turkish minister at London and accordingly went to Woolwich and performed a series of experiments before the latter personage which gave so much satisfaction that he urged or. C. To visit the Sultan at constantinople and for that purpose provided him with the most flattering recommendations to the court of the Sublime Porte. Or. Cochran arrived at constantinople feb. 11, 1836, seas received with great distinction and introduced to the Sultan by the grand vizier. His turkish majesty was highly pleased with the experiments made with the Model told or. C. He was satisfied it would be generally adopted and requested him to cast twelve Pounders on the same principle. He was provided wih elegant apartments in Pera raised to the dignity of master of Cannon and furnished with As Many workmen As he required for the accomplishment of his task. The treatment in fact which he received was equivalent to that of the rank of an ambassador. Or. Cochran however finding there was no Good foundry or mechanics was obliged to undertake the work with his own hands and though not brought up to the business of making machinery of any kind by dint of much labor and perseverance made himself All the necessary implements the augers and the wooden apparatus for Boring with horse Power a a the preparations required for procuring the proper castings. By Good Fortune he succeeded entirely to his wishes and cast and bored three Cannon two of one Pound each and the third a twelve Pounder which last was finished in a style As perfect As he could have desired. On the 14th september following he proved this piece to his entire satisfaction in the presence of All the chief officers of the turkish government who were delighted with its execution and made a highly flattering report to the Sultan. He fired it off quot in the presence of those officers to their utter astonishment 100 times in 15 minutes. The Sultan when he heard of it would scarcely believe it and directed or. C. To perform the same experiments in his presence. The most extensive preparations were accordingly made for this important trial which was to take place at earache on the european Side of the bosporus. No less than three thousand troops were assembled at this spot. The Sultan at the hour appointed came Over from his summer residence on the Asiatic Shore rowed in one of his splendid cliques and preceded by a Long line of other boats of the same description. The one which announced the approach of the Sultan was manned by forty oarsmen and came with even More lightning Speed than that in which his August highness himself was seated. As the latter was seen approaching the wharf or. Cochran at the suggestion of Halil Pacha the Sultan s son in Law and com Mander in chief of the land forces fired off a Salute of 21 guns the customary number with the experimental Cannon which consumed less than two minutes and struck the assembled multitude with the utmost amazement. As the Sultan at this moment stepped on the wharf Halil accompanied by the grand vizier and other dignitaries ran to his majesty and the former making the usual Salaam of kissing the Sultan s foot announced to him with feelings of exultation that could scarce be repressed the wonderful Success of the machine , As they appropriately named it that Sultan arrived at his tent then sent for the master of the Cannon the title which was Given to or. Cochran and after a Short conference with him in which or. Pc. Conversed chiefly in the turkish language which he had partially acquired the Sultan renewing his expressions of kindness requested him to perform the Experiment in his presence. His majesty placed himself within a few feet of the piece and or. Cochran commencing rather sooner than was anticipated the Sultan then with his Back towards the Cannon was at first somewhat startled in hearing the explosions suddenly succeeding each other with such inconceivable rapidity. The Cannon was fired 100 times As before in 15 minutes during is that it has not the least recoil whatever so description of the invention of or. Cochran is adapted to every species of firearms. The articles at present being exhibited by him at the fair Are a Model Cannon similar to that experimented upon before the turkish emperor and a Rifle Complete which we shall now proceed to describe. He has fired this Rifle 1200 times 500of which discharges were fired in rapid succession and without producing any expansion whatever in the Chambers of the Cylinder or giving to it a greater temperature than 100 degrees of fahrenheit. As Many As 2000 discharges Are required before the Rifle will have been properly tested after the Rule of the War department. Or. C. Is ready at any time to fulfil this complement and go beyond it. This afternoon he will fire it at Niblo s Garden 500 times in succession. The Cylinder is a solid piece of Iron revolving in the Plain of the barrel which it is in close Contact with. The dimensions of the Cylinder Are in diameter about four inches and in thickness seven eighths of an Inch. There Are in this one nine open Chambers for the charges which Chambers Are perforated upon the Periphery and converge like Radii upon the Centre. The Cones on which the percussion Caps Are placed form another series of Radii concentric and within the circuit of the Chambers a solid metallic partition dividing All the Caps from each other. Each Cone for the Cap communicates with its appropriate chamber and opens in the Centre of the chamber so that the whole charge of powder is ignited at once by which the explosion of All the powder is made in one half the time of Ordinary rifles and therefore so much the More Force Given to it and consequently a much less charge is required the weight of the charge being Only one Grain and a half. As each chamber in its revolution comes in an exact line with the tube of the barrel the cock strikes the percussion Cap and the explosion takes place instantaneously. The Chambers As they successively come into a line with the barrel in the revolution of the Cylinder Are momentarily retained firm in this position by the regulating dog connected with the Cylinder where it joins the breach and the pin of which dog catches in the Small perforations made at equal distances for its reception. Nor can the cock strike the percussion Cap until it is in exact position for if the chamber is not in its proper place the socket into which the Hammer of the cock Falls has presented to it Only the metallic partitions Between the Cones and therefore on striking these no explosion can take place. Nor can Accident happen from explosions of the other Chambers contiguous to the one in connection with the barrel. Such an Accident never did happen with this Rifle and if it should the direction of the Chambers is such that their charges would do no mischief. Nor can the Flash of the powder in the chamber in a line with the tube of the Rifle be communicated to the other Chambers As the joint of the Cylinder where it comes in Contact with the barrel is so close that it is air tight and will not permit of such Extension of the ignited powder. The charge of one Grain and a half of ignited powder requires a size of Ball of 50 to the Pound and the Force is sufi client to perforate eight boards each of one Inch thickness at the distance of 60 feet. The arrangement of the Ball is another Beautiful and ingenious invention. Their diameter is exactly fitted to the chamber but larger than the diameter of the tube of the barrel by an increment equivalent to the depth of the spiral creases on the inside of the tube. So that no Patch is required As in other rifles for it is forced into the tube of the barrel and exactly fitted to it by becoming compressed into a cylindrical shape and its sides grooved by the creases of the barrel whereby it is kept firmly in its course and moves steadily and with such precision and so closely wedged that there is no windage can get before the Ball and give an irregularity to its motion a serious inconvenience to which All others Are liable. The aim of or. Cochran s Rifle therefore is always deadly and sure. By this arrangement there is another additional Power acquired for you have the entire Force of the charges behind the Ball until it that there is not the slightest Jar or irregularity in the direction. The Rifle will be fired at Niblo s 500 times succession this afternoon. The Patent Good news for the ladies. At a time when in the older stat and densely peopled cities the fairer portion of creation have scarcely a Chance of entering the marriage state if even one Shade of youth s soft Bloom be faded from their Cheeky where to be suspected of being a single Day older than quot Sweet sixteen quot is to be doomed to single cursed Ness for Ever it must be indeed Gratifying to find there is yet existing one matrimonial al Dorado where ladies Are not like horses submitted to inspection by Mark of Mouth where a previous failure by no Means entails perpetual sterility As in Many overgrown communities of the old world in which if a fair one has once been rejected she May quot sing Willow quot for the rest of her life. This Elysium for single women is to be found in Wisconsin territory where the demand for unmarried ladies continues unabated among the Many settlers most anxious to wive. One of our contemporaries in that Western Region assures us that All who come Are eagerly snapped up and no questions asked with regard to age. Only think of this be ladies of a certain time of life who have so Long silently and despairingly reposed in the old maid s list hasten to Wisconsin and make some goodly planter Happy with your smiles make his Home pleased with smiling faces and yourselves Happy in All the Joys of maternity. Doubly Happy that there your Lovely sex Are too few for jealousy and too scarce to be neglected. While in other places women Are too frequently married but to be deserted and wedded Only to be abandoned for we find thac in the town of Kendal in England a fellow was recently convicted of marrying two wives in three . O. True am. Tested. To the Pijo ple of the West and to government it is Are object of importance that. The country be settled and for speculators it is useless to enter into Competition with the settlers for after allowing them All they claim sufficient land will remain to meet the demands of All. We will re same this subject hereafter. Mil Walke adv. In right for the Rifle and pistol for the United states has been sold by or. Cochran to the trustees of a company in this City for 300,000 dollars. Richard amp Richardson no. 41, South Street Are agents for the company and have a Large manufactory at Springfield Massachusetts and Are Selling the Rifle faster than they can make them. Coi. Bomford at the head of the ordinance department a s. Army who was present at the fair was so much pleased with or. Cochran s Rifle that he ordered him to make one and bring it to Washington for Experiment. Artificial water works. The following is from a correspondent of the Boston times descriptive of the water works at the residence of the Duke of Devonshire. Quot the water works Are Beautiful. There is one Pond with a Jet in the Centre throwing water to the height of ninety feet and another of sixty feet. The water tree is quite curiosity and 1 understand the Duke takes great pleasure in soaking his friends under it. It is a tall tree the trunk branches and leaves of which Are made entirely of Copper and painted to imitate nature. His Grace then invites a party of ladies for instance to examine this singular Plant and As soon As they Are close to it at a Given signal every Leaf be comes a water spout and at the same instant numberless streams Issue from the ground ant Hedges , and before persons can escape they arc completely drenched. Of course the victims must appear pleased with this ungracious act of his Grace. The Gardener attempted to catch your Humble servant in this Way but 1 smelt the rat and told him quot could see As Well a Little further the most Beautiful part of the works is the Grea Cascade. By opening a valve a vast Quantity of water rushes violently from the roof of a Beautiful Temple and from the Mouths of Lions dolphins sea nymphs &c., its ornaments and falling into a Basin in front of it from which also several fountains Issue it is thence discharged Over a series of Stone Steps Down distance of 250 Yards and having reached the Bottom sinks into the ground immediately at your feet and disappears As if by magic these works Are supplied by a Reservoir which is said to cover fourteen acres of Wabash and Erie canal. Koirat the meeting of the Board of Public works held at Zanesville on the 14th inst. The following order was taken a quot resolved. That the. Eastern termination of be Wabash and Erie canal be at such Point in the town of Manhattan or on the Public land near the town Manhattan on the Maumee River As the advisory commissioner of that Dis Rich the acting commissioner and the Princi so Engineer having charge of the work May design ate and that said canal from the head of the rapids of the Maumee River to the a Tern termination of the said canal be located ind constructed on what is called the High level Locking into and connecting with the Maumee River at Maumee City at Toledo at Man la tau and at such other Points As May hereafter be determined Gaz. England. The political warfare Between the radicals and consent Ives yet goes on with increasing violence and there does not seem to be any abatement of vigor generally though it seems that the radicals have lost two or three elections for members of parliament lately by their Supin eness. There appears to be some danger of a division in their rank. They have lately split upon the English Church Reform Bill which the radicals who Are most for retrenchment would not vote for at which we Are not surprised when it is considered what was the object of the Bill and what the Bill itself was. The declared object was among other , to curtail the incomes of some of the highest dignities of the Church to abolish pluralities to provide against non residence to increase the stipends of the curates and to suppress ecclesiastic sinecure a something has been done As it regards All these matters but nothing that friends of thorough Reform desire compared with what should be done and what was expected. The salary of the archbishop of Canterbury has been limited to fifteen thousand pounds about sixty seven thousand dollars which is More than the president of the United states and five Heads of department receive and yet it is called moderate by some and is no doubt regarded by others As very beggarly allowance. With this Esse As a specimen we do not much Marvel at the dissatisfaction of those who Are of the opinion that there is too much Globe. Prus Sun school first and essential step towards increasing the authority and influence of the schoolmaster was to raise the Otyce in Pul Lic estimation. This has been by connecting it with the slate. The schoolmaster s salary is paid out of the Puljic purse a provision too is made for his old age or for the maintenance of his family should he be Cut . In ceasing to be the recipient of the Pence and shillings of his scholars the instructor rises in their respect and attains position in which he can acquire a moral influence artificial rewards and punishment that ingenuity devise. There is a regular graduation from he modest Village schoolmaster Humble but hovered �1 a self have lit it Ard the Ihus amp ious invent it to u the Steamboat re be in an animating Ai of fitting my nne a the history of his labors iii . When said he i was of ion my fint steam boat in new York the project was viewed by he Public either with Indi rence or contempt As a so Onay scheme. My friends indeed were civil but they were shy. They listened with patience to my Copla nation but a settled cast of incredulity upon their countenances. As i had occasion to pass dark to and from the building Yard while my boat was in Progress i have often loitered unknown near the Idle groups of strangers gathering in Little Circle and heard various enquiries As to the object of this new vehicle. The language was uniformly Itiat of scorn or sneer or ridicule. The loud laugh often Rose at my expense the dry jest the Wise calculations of losses and expenditures the Dull but endless repetition of the quot Fulton never did a single encouraging remark a Bright Hope or a warm wish Cross my path. Silence itself was but politeness veiling its doubts or hiding its reproaches. At length the Day arrived when the Experiment was to be put into operation. To me it was a most trying and interesting occasion. I invited Many friends to go on Board to witness the first successful trip. Many of them did me the favor to attend As a matter of personal respect but it was Manifest that they did it with reluctance fearing to be the partners of my mortification and not of my Triumph i was Well aware that in my Case there were Many reasons to doubt of my own Success. The machinery was new and ill made Many parts of it were constructed by mechanics unaccustomed to such work and unexpected difficulties might reasonably be presumed to present themselves from other causes. The moment arrived in which the word was to be Given for the vessel to move. My friends were in groups on the deck. There was anxiety mixed with fear among them. They were silent and sad and weary. I read in their looks nothing but disaster and almost repented of my of torts. The signal was Given and the boat moved on a Short distance and then stopped and became immovable. To the silence of the preceding moment now succeeded murders of discontent and agitations and whispers and shrugs. I could hear distinctly repeated told you it would be so it i a foolish scheme 1 wish we were Well out of i elevated myself upon a platform and addressed the assemblage. I stated that i knew not what was the matter but if they would be quiet and indulge off a for half an hour 1 would either go of or abandon the voyage for that time. This Short respite was conceded without objection. I went below examined the machinery and discovered that the cause was a slight Mal adjustment of some of the work. In a Short period it was obviated. The boat was again put in motion. She continued to move on. All were still incredulous. None seemed willing to Trust the evidence of their own senses. A Eleft the fair City of new York we passed through the to education an extract. Quot if the time shall Ever come when this mighty fabric shall totter when the Beacon of Joy that now rises in pillar of fire a sign and wonder of the world shall Wax dim the cause will be found in the ignorance of the people. If our Union is still to continue to cheer the Hopes and animate the efforts of the oppressed of every nation if your Fields Are to be Huntrod by the hirelings of despotism if Long Days of blessedness Are to attend our country in her career of glory if you would have the Sun continue to shed his unclouded rays upon the face of freemen then educate All the children in the land. This alone startles the tyrant in his dreams of Power and rouses the slumbering energies of an oppressed people. It was intelligence that reared up the Majestic columns of National glory and this and sound morality alone can prevent their crumbling to the press. It is a fact Well Worth the attention of the american moralist and which May Well Aston ish those of Europe that More newspapers Are published in the United states that in All the european kingdoms and states the White population of the United states does not exceed twelve millions that of Europe exceeds two Hundred millions. If we allow the same number to be published in each the population will be As one to sixteen and two thirds or in other words if each Man in the United states should be furnished with a newspaper Only one in nearly seventeen could enjoy the same privilege in Gazette. Actual setlers. In the last two numbers of the advertiser we published an article from the Chicago a Merican in relation to actual settlers. Each Day As the country becomes More settled and the number of those interested in the Public lands increases the questions will they be protected in their just rights assumes a greater degree of importance. The True policy of the government undoubtedly requires that Tivey should be it being More important than the country be rapidly and permanently settled than that the Treasury should receive Large additions to the Revenue from the proceeds of the sales of Public lands. President Jackson has Ever evinced a determination to extend to the settlers every Relief necessary to promote that important object and secure to them the amount of their claims and improvements and or. Van Buren fully coincides with him in his views upon this subject. The withholding from Sale those lands which might have offered this season and the issuing of the Treasury circular of july 11th. 1836, restricting the payment for to specie have been from a desire to protect the actual settlers of the country and to keep Large tracts of the Public Domain from falling into the hands of capitalists or speculators. And although a hostility to the passage of Preemption or other Laws granting Relief to settlers May have existed among Many of the members of Congress we believe that something will be done the coming Winter to obviate All difficulties and remove All grounds of apprehension upon this the refusal to pass a Preemption Law was no the result of hostility to the settlers or a denial of their rights or claims to Protection but was owing to the frauds which had been committed under that part of the Law of the i9th. June 1834, allowing floating claims. The operation of that Law was injurious to the settlers themselves As it gave to the Capitali Fel and Speculator the Power by Means of floats to deprive them of that property which they had been endeavouring to secure by Many months of fatigue and hardship. It left open a do or for the commission of frauds and per juries and brought odium fora while upon Preemption Laws. The eyes of people and members of Congress have been opened upon this subject and any Law that May hereafter be passed will be free from any similar objection la urging the passage of Laws granting Relief and Protection to the occupants of govern men lands it is not entirely for the Benefit of those now residing upon them for among that class of our citizens we believe there is but Lite apprehension upon this subject but it is to encourage those who Are now looking wistfully to this country. Thousands Are now desirous of emigrating but Are determined from so doing from fear that they May be deprived of the lands they May Settle upon and the improvements they have made or be obliged to pay an exorbitant Price for them. This May by the result of careful prudence but to those who Are acquainted with the nature of these matters in the West it seems to be without foundation. There is a disposition on the part of the whole West on the part of the government and among speculators themselves to see the rights of the settlers secured and pro in his own sphere to the minister of state for Mantic and Ever varying scenery of the High the department of Public instruction and mor lands we descried the clustering houses of it not favor of sei Gority is the guide or at quot. Least the professed guide of on natural education. We Albany we reached its shores and then even then when ail seemed achieved i was the victim of disappointment. Imagination Sun porsche a the influence of fact. It was then doubted if it could be done a gain or if done it was doubted if it could be made of any great value. Foreign Magazine. Public lands. The United slates owns at present of surveyed lands As follows a in Ohio 4,100,492 acres in Indiana 11,469,156 acres in Illi education convention. The under signed take the Liberty of inviting the friends of instruction to meet in convention at Indianapolis on tuesday the third Day of january next or tax purpose of comparing views and Fiscus iou such questions related to the subject of quot Eil cation As May come before them. It is desirable the conc motion he at a a is 1",234,001 acres in Missouri 1743,429 tended by Thost who Are More particularly the guardians of Public instruction such As members of legislature a delegation from literary associations trustees of the Public Simi varies of learning and professional teachers of All classes. Addresses Are sex k from several retitle Man of distinction. Due notice will be Given of the hour and Lack of meeting n. Wohlk. Indianapolis we. Sheets a. W. Morris , Jas. M. Ray quot j or. Sullivan Madison Milton Stapp e. O. Hovey Crawfordsville James i Hompson quot Andrew Wylie Bloomington e. N. Elliott b. Parks d. H. Maxwell quot m. H. Wilder China. S. K. Sneed new Albany c. M Kinney a j. I. Morrison Salem Jas. H. Johnson Madison Williamson Dunn Hanover. October 20 1836. Editors Friendly to the object Are requested to give the above two or three insertions. Acres in Alabama 22,586,058 acres in Mississippi 12,924,301 acres in Lousiana 9,682,-.526 in Arkansas 14,223,175 acres in Michi Gan East of the Lake 9,103,697 acres in Michigan West of the Lake 4,924,220 and in Florida 6,792,909 acres making a totality of about one Hundred and thirty two millions of acres now surveyed of which one Hundred and Twenty two millions have been offered at 1 Public Sale and Are now subjected to entry and about ten millions Are new lands lately surveyed and ready to be proclaimed for Sale. Besides this mass of surveyed lands it is in j fact four or five millions More for the surveyed lands of this year Are not included the United states own in the same states and territories about 100 millions of acres to which the Indian title has been extinguished but which has not yet been surveyed and about 80 millions of acres to which the Indian title has not yet been extinguished and All this exclusive of the Desmoines Purchase an acquisition of great value and extent West of the Mississippi and North of the state of Missouri and which of itself will form a great state and Complete the line of states on the West Bank of the Mississippi from the Gulf of Mexico to the Falls of st. Anthony. Here is an aggregate of about three Hundred and forty millions of acres of Public land within the limits of the states and territories of which one Hundred and thirty two millions Are now for Sale. Globe. The authors of important inventions. Almost every one who has rendered a great service to Mankind by striking out inventions whose objects Are misconceived or imperfectly understood by the world has had to complain of the neglect or coldness of his own generation. Even his Best friends Are Apt to suspect his motives and undervalue his labors. The real recompense in such circumstances As in All others is the consciousness of doing one s duty. Fulton the inventor of the steam boat in North America which in a few years has a produced such an astonishing change in that vast country by connecting together its most Distant states sustained the mortification of not being comprehended by his countrymen. He was therefore treated As an Idle projector whose schemes would be useless to the world and ruinous to himself. At a discourse delivered at the mechanics Institute Boston in 1829, by judge Story the feelings of Fulton upon his first Public Experiment to Are thu Fela teen if instead of the inflammatory articles of one kind or another with which our papers Are daily filled wich Enk Indle and infuriate the worst passions of human breast Temperance of language and spirit were substituted if error was exhibited and truth inculcated in the calming humanizing manner which Wou id cause the peaceful correction of the first and tiie willing reception of the other there would be Little to apprehend from the mob. We believe that the press itself is its own great enemy that the exasperating violence of its appeals and denunciations by keeping the feelings of the Community constantly in a state of undue excitement is one main cause of the peril which threatens its Freedom and that if it would produce a Reform in the Republic it must first Reform itself. Let the people be properly enlightened apply no match to the explosive propensities of their bosoms a afford ample development to the be qualities of their minds and their heart and a decent expression of opinion will never elicit violence nor will unlawful Means be used even for the accomplishment of rightful . Gaz

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