Page 1 of 7 May 1836 Issue of Logansport Canal Telegraph in Logansport, Indiana

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Logansport Canal Telegraph (Newspaper) - May 7, 1836, Logansport, Indiana Speech of or. Tipton. Of Road Bill. In Senate March 26,1836. Of a Ivd the tic would not Haft to a a bed the Senate Ith a sin of remark on tic a to Liju it Niider Coos ideation had he not found opposition to this measure from a Quarter quiet unexpected and new to him and be had no dou1 t that it will be news to his constituents that they were not prepared to expect. Quot the senator irom Kentucky or. Clay who moved to reduce the appropriation to the amount applied on the Road last year was surely not seriously hostile to the continuation of it after having supported this work with great Tibi Lity for thirty years and he could not believe that he a noted it Pabami once 1>ut rather wished to Rescue the cum required that the Road might be longer in the Progress of construct a a in. The senator wanted to be six years doing what he or. Tipton proposed to do in three. Something had been is id with regard to the number of Haruis hat could i o employed economically. On this t do ibis had been expressed As Torii other a Sui Lucient number of hands could be found to perform the work. We Are now Bifid or. Tip Lon in Progress of constructing but two Public works in the state i get Waba i it an in Asid the Cumberland Road contractors have gone from Public works already completed in new York Pennsylvania. And 0iio, an j Tivey have taken with them hands labourers and tools Eaffie Cint to to on with i Csc works. They w Ere How and Wodahl remain on those works until Uliey were finished. If the Money to cont nue ilium was appropriated but if you Cut Down and limit the approx nation 3aid or. Tipton you Pul out the time of finishing the Road and you Ouide the expenses. The state of Indiana has appropriated ten millions of doll Ais for internal improvement Lead organized a Board of Public works to conduct them. Two canals two rail roads and one Turnpike Road were to he made and the Board would meet in a few Days to determine on their plan of operation for this year. If you make a Large appropriation said or. Tipton for the National Road it is probable that the stale will not commence any of her Nev a works this Yucai for tic Wabash canal and National Road May employ All tiie hands now there but if you Rcd Ece the a pro Nalion As proposed by the motion of the Lionor Ablo senator there will not be sufficient funds to pay for the labor of All the hands now there and they must seek employ elsewhere. Thus Yon will procrastinate the time and double the cd Pense of finishing the Road. No Good reason has been assigned for reducing the sum proposed in the Bill. It was admitted on All hands that there abundant Money in the Treasury and the Sci Ian or from Ohio a i shown clearly o his mind Tiluy might pass this Wiethe for i it cation Bill and the favorite land Bill of tic senator from Kentucky and still they would have a Large surplus at the begin Jung of the year 18>7. A when this Bill was before the Senate some Days ago an honorable senator from South Carolina or. A moved to Lay it on the Talle and he understood him to say that lie made the motion to prevent heavy drafts being made on the Treasury until he was into Rcd whether we were to have place or War. The was kind enough to with fave his motion for which 1 to link , to give the friends of the Bill an Opportunity to explain and defend it. 1 am Happy now. Sir said or. Tip on to say that a favourable change in our foreign relations justifies the in assuring the senator Thiu there Gitto reason to apprehend War from any Quarter unless it be those skirmishes that happen now and then with the indians on our Frontier hut should it Ever become necessary Abr us As nation to choose Between War and st dishonourable peace he had no doubt the senator from Scull Carolina and himself whether at that time citizens or senators would be found contending Side by Side for the Honor of the country. He could not suppose that the senator from South Carolina was actuated by other motives in making that motion than a Strong sense of Public quot lie had too Long hot ii. As a Friend to internal improvement to believe that any other Totive could if fluence him to vote against an appropriation for the National Road. He confused that he was surprised to Sec a newspaper Friendly to the senator in noticing his motion to Lay the Bill on the table attempt to give it a party colouring the paper remark my that l�8 motion caused a fluttering among the Tiit the a a Continua a Tiofio of Tkv Cumberland Road to st. I Ivy As of not onal importance. This had nor Bert a a a Sti ii a. Theca a Berle and read was commenced under a a a in of con Orcsi of 39lh March 1806, Whin or Jefferson wis president of the United sly ites it we favored by him and by every a mini Stralis a since his Day by none less Titan by the present administration. It was Frue that this Road had Many friends among the present party in Power and it was equally True that it Hird Able and efficient supporters among those who did not support tie present administration. this Road on grounds satisfactory to items Civ its and their constituents and Vic had to right said or. Tipton to object to their opt wit ion lout 1, protest against a Bill of so mucin importance to those whom 1 have in part the Honor to represent being condemned to lie on your table without giving to ils friends a hearing. Or. Tip tort pfc Good honorable senators to come up to the vote on this Bill not As a party question but As a Mea arc in Wlinich both National Faith and National Honor were pledged to tile Young states of the West for to e Conille Tina of this Road to Missouri. The act of Congress of 180g. which lie alluded and to which he begged leave to Refe Genth men who had doubts on the subject Aull oried a Survey of a Road from Cumber Atid in Maryland or from a Point on the Potomac River near Cumberland Over the mountains to the state of Ohi a and provides Liat tic Money 33v ,00lappropriated for that object was to be refunded to the Treasury out of tie fund set apart by the compact Between the United Stales and the state of Ohio or making roads leading to tiie state. By come atts Between tie United states and tie new s ales a portion of the proceeds of the sales of the Public lands was set apart for the purpose of making roads leading to them and tiie continuation of this Road was in compliance Wilh these compacts entered into he Milit say with the whole West which we nid Ere Long be More than one half the Union. Under Titis compact these slates on their admission into the Union the right to fax lands owned l y the United states or lands sold by them within to licit limits for five years from their Sale and the United Stales agreed to give to these new slates lands for education Salines and this to id fund As an equivalent for relinquish Wirig their right of to Talion. He put the vote on this Bill on the ground of complying with the compact Between the United Stales and the new states of the Ortli Iwest. We have a right said or. Tipton to expect appropriations to continue this Road to the far we st not As a gift of Grant to the new states but in compliance with an agreement Between the general government and la Weir people at tic Lime of their admission into Llie Union. Was to licit no compact the u. S. Being the great land Holder in the new states would find it both their interest and their duty to contribute Money for constructing a Road leading to their own lands. Those who opposed this Road surely had not a Hope of arresting its Progress West Ward for As population increased in the older states the Young and the enter pricing naturally looking to the West for a residence find future Lime and Tivey emigrated to the Mississippi Valley. Lie was forcibly struck Willi a remark mile by an Liono Rable Senri Lor from South Carolina or. Preston he told us yesterday said or. Liat tie Western people were not the purchasers of the Public lands Liat it was the people of the eat and South who purchased them. This was True to a certain extent. As a population increased the Young and the enterprising quitting that land of their nativity and the Homes of their fathers emigrated to the West and became the purchasers of the Public lands. We Are always said or. Glad to receive Vliem they make valuable Citize is they contribute to fill your Treasury and unite Visith us in adding to the and Power of the nation. Hence the construction was equally beneficial to tie old and the it w Stales Imu Extension of our settlements towards the far West. A settlement had already commenced on the West Hank of the Mississippi above the state of to Missouri and it would not be ten years before these people would form a state government and apply for admission into the Union. This country would make a Fine state extending up the Missouri River far above the state of Missouri towards the Rocky mountains the inhabitants would be oter neighbors our friends they wow free be purchasers of the Public Landi and would they not have a a i. I Arkam the Road was graded half tic Bridget is were constructed and Stone prepared to cover a Small portion of the graded Toad putt no the Stone in the Road is the Rii Ost expensive part of Road making. This is the reason Why a heavy a pronation is now asked for. If the graded Road was not covered Wilh Stone the travel on the Road would destroy the Grade and the work would have to be done Over a gain . The senator from Kentucky of. Clay told them that he rather thought that the country through which this Road passed in Indiana and Illinois was thinly settled and that it Vas a Long distance Between Bouses on some parts of the Road. Lie would not under like to say Liow the fact was As regards the roads in Illinois the senators for Liat st site would no doubt inform the Senate but he assured the senator from Kentucky that every acre of Public land along the Road in Indiana had been purchased from the United states that tie country was densely populated and farms Trio ugly not quite As extensive As they were in Kentucky were much More numerous and villages were growing up at Short intervals along the Road. That senator had also been pleased to allude to the support Given Lottie present administration by the friends of the Bill now ii fore them and he said that the states Southwest of tie Oldo wanted a Branch of this Road which i was denied them and called upon tie Friend of the National Road to do even handed Justice to the states South As Well As those North of the of iii River. Friends of the administration he would re quot a ietto see the question on the passage of this bin made a party question indeed he did not see How it it old be made 60. It never had or Fri a. us and of the a Estenes of the National Road they to them and is Bech considered a party measure poli parties Liat had existed in Tai co try a Tai Itlo years some member Viive we in a iia Man have Opp cd approx Ria Mair National of lift without a Gard of quot ining. H proof were inn ting at aty to Eita Jib the la to Oettl it Rac a a Fertad iii we up right to expect the Miil sent lit to be expected that they would not demand sir said or. If that gentleman will look at our journals i think Liat he will find that several friends of this National Road voted for the Bill to which he alludes the Mays Villa and Lexington Road Bill i i did not become a Law it Vas no of built of their. With regard to my feeble support said or. Of this or any other administration he could Only be influenced by tie executive As by other Public men. He would go with them just so far and no farther than they pursued that course which he thought sustained the Honor and interest of his country. He looked to the wishes of a majority of his constituents and to ids own judgment of what was right and wrong for his Rule of conduct Here not to the will of a chief magistrate or of any other Public or private individual. Lie eared not who was president of tbs United states if he administered tie government agreeably to the Constitution and Laws. If he does this said or. He has a right to expect my support and upon no other terms. We a a ave been told said or. T., during the discussion of this Bill that the great system of internal improvement i y the general government had been suspended. Why sir this was no fault of the friends of the National Road. It seas owing he believed to a change in Public opinion Public sentiment on the subject of internal improvement by this government was not now what it was in 1825. In lii at year an appropriation was made to prosecute surveys with a View of constructing roads and canals in Dii Crent parts of the Union. The United states engineers went to work civil engineers were employed to assist Triem and surveys were extensively made for the purpose of ascertaining the practicability of making a number of roads and canals. In 1s28, a great political contest ter initiated that brought a new party into Pover. The veto i y the i Lief magistrate of the Maysville and i., Voad Bill and the message accompanied tie return of that Bill set the people to reflecting on tic Sobject of internal iii movement on their own resource i let a the states or by chartered companies before that Lime but three slates. New York stimulated and led on liy her Clinton Pennsylvania and Ohio had Mel marked extensively in internal improvement. What he now asked was the fact in 1s3g? Why sir Many slates were making Large a Propri Lions for constructing roads rail roads and the people looked this Way no longer for Aid. Jio a a a a iii in or riv kit quot Hough the improvement of a optic Rivers the Wabash for inst ice had Hern denied them to his utter Aswini ashment and to the serious injury of a Large portion of the West. The senator objected to a new proposition As he called it in this Bill for a Bridge Over the Wabash at Terre haute and said that the Ohio River was not bridged where this Road crossed it nor was the United states called on to Bridge the Muski Ngum at Zanesville. Now sir said or. T., i do not yemeni for that a proposition for a Bridge across the Ohio at Wheeling was Ever submitted to Congress and i am confident that i have not opposed it though 1 will not now give a pledge to sup a urn by would. And he could not doubt that to to would go on to the foot of the Rocky Mott Vii st per of its crop them to the pacing oco3d\ ii Blic Domain will a and a Fly Tsvili apply it and 1 afford a a Meaos i cannot Kmitt pm. Timbe if Liady bin i a will As they Hae iii to . Gym appropriation the Road though the iii los ii a Kos tit Liiv port a a if the proposition is made he Cafter a Bridge had been constructed Owr the Muski Ngum at zan�5ville before the Cumberland Road reached that place and the Scilla and White rivets had Bridges Over therl at the expense of the in in ted states. This proposition to Bridge the Wal wish As not new to the Senate a passed that body thine years ago containing Aiti or ppm eci in Aniene iii ii Lime Iida by two Stirite. a Bill Forti the House and the House of re stint Atiye for reason he a cuff not refused to concur in the amendment. This was near the close of the session and fearing that the Bill would be lost Between the two houses in the hurry and inis Lle on the last Day of the session the Senate receded from its amendment Bluit the Bill might become a his. An opinion was entertained by some Liat a Bridge could not be constructed Over the Wabash at Terre haute without interrupting the navigation of the River. This if True would have been a sufficient reason Why a Bridge should not be constructed As one fourth of the people of Indiana and a lar a portion of Illinois Are interested in the we Ivy Gatton of the liver above that place and to remove All doubt upon the the Secretary of War wins instructed by a Resolution of this Senate to cause an examination to be made for the site of a Bridge and to report the of cts w Ith a plan and estimate of the probable Cost of the work to be Laid before Congress. This report had been received printed and Laid on our tables and gave satisfactory evidence that the Bridge could be constructed on a plan that would not obstruct the navigation of the River and one item of appropriation in the Bill now on your table is for procuring materials and for Oie commencement of the Bridge Over tie Wabash at Terre haute. H was of much More importance to the state w st of Indiana than to her that a Bridge should be const acted at the Point where the National Road crossed the Wabash which was within nine Miles of the Western Boundary of Indiana and every Western senator surely knew that the United state mail could not pass that River without a Bridge when the ice was floating and that the mail at such periods would be arrested in its Progress to the state and territories West of that River Fdl travel and communication would be Cut Oil quot for a part of the Winter and this would produce a state of things exceedingly embarrassing to a very Large portion of the Western country. The s Nwafor objected to the amount intended to be appropriated by this Bill ind said that it was too Large and that we were f�tis4 fied in by gone Days with far less appropriations. He said farther that although Ite did it with great reluctance Bethe Felt compelled by his sense of Public duty to move t9 Vrr uce the appropriation to what it was la year. It was True said or. T., that when the Treasury was drained to the last Dollar with the War debt unpaid and limited come Merce we were satisfied to take less from the Treasury but it should be remembered that at the to i e the honorable gentlemen referred to our Poji elation was far less than now. Our Settle meals were then confined to a Region of country bordering on tiie Ohio and Mississippi River. But the last seven years bad wrought a wonderful change in our population condition and business heaviest population at this time was in coi Intres Back froth Ohio River in the Centre and North Pai t of the state through which this Road was being constructed. Lie had reason to regret the loss of thai Able and efficient support thai that Liono Rable senator had Given this measure in by gone Days. Separating from birr on a vote Abr internal improvement was like parting Wilh an old Friend but the Best friends it was said must part and we must said mr-t., continue the National Road without his Aid if lie will not stick to us though i can scarcely bring myself to believe that he will abandon his old favorite the Cumberland Road. A said or. T., am an advocate for an energetic prosecution of this work. In two or three years 1 Hope to see this Road finished through i Indiana when the state West of her will have an Elii acclaim to be heard and i cannot doubt that ibis National work will go on to the Rocky mountains. The senator had always been distinguished for marching boldly no to Liis of inject and he was not prepared to find him advocating the propriety or the expediency of tardy operations. We now said or. . Possess most ample Means and in my judg mint. It Ernst Vuto Luik vigorously to Missouri before we pause. Something was said by the gentlemen in reference to the population of the states Southwest and those Ortli West of the Ohio River. By the a census of 1831, it appeared that there was a Small fiction in favor of the southwestern states but it would hardly be contended at this time that there was not a greater population in four states North a West of the Ohio River than in five South West states including Kentucky and Tennessee. Should the southwestern states desire to apply their Road fund to construct a Branch of the Cumberland Road throw ugh Kentucky and Tennessee to the new states bordering on the Gulf of Mexico he should raise no objection but if they declined applying their Road fund in to la is Way i could not be pleaded in bar of a or right to apply our fund to the National read leading to and through the North Wester states this being the legit male object for which the fund was provided by the agreement Between the Genera it a a Overn mint and no. Few ice Poffjr an do a Lett Zoeth a rendering these durable in the lii cd in the american a Eagle. It co ii 1, in peeling the posts and in sawing and splitting them if too Large 2, in quot tic Kim them up under Rover at least one entire Muf Mer and 3, in Coaling with bet tar three feet of the Bult ends which Are tit inserted in the ground after which the car a re ready for use. We have no doubt the adv a tages of this Mode of preparation will my ref than remunerate for labor and expfjpc4l> our reasons for this belief Are briefly As follow / the sap of All non Resi Notis Trees Vili Ferlit a a in the presence of heat and room store i cause the decay of the Wood. pc i this Nii Lural consequence the first object. I e when a i ree is felled of expel sap from pores of the Wood. This is done by Pec Lippi splitting sawing or hewing and exposing a be Wood to the drying influence of the Sun or least of the process is facilitated by immersing the Wood in water quot Ibi a til Witch liquified the sap andya Vors i and when the moisture has been expelled i the next object is to keep it out by paint tar or charring. In the Mode recommended a Bove the moisture is expelled by the peeling sawing Ariti summer drying and its return is prevented by the Coaling of tar. The retch lion of the bark upon the Timber is part if laps by prejudicial not Only in preventing Eva Omi it lion but affording shelter to various species of the Borer which. Under cover carry on its depredations upon the Limber. We have seen Pine legs a Iez Ray destroyed in a a Muff ii by Worms where the liar had been left on while those which had been peeled remained uninjured. The Best Timber is obtained Fiona Trees which had stood a summer or a year after Tlajy have been girdled and peeled a cuu Ivator increase of the army. General Macomb has submitted to the Senate in obedience to u Resolution flue boy a plan for the increase of the any Sci Teri thou and. Men without adding to the tim by a of Ali ears. The opinion sett be to be Una no men of a of parties to Leif of pro sent fone is entirely inadequate of amp Puc de enc. Id it a it Een in the i Bernera govern mint tif staid Anft effect tax Creio of a Oft the our of tos tfx so of a a Lafr Ahoia a re of tip a. Have by cli ova an Jie avy .6f la Lif property. Feel a Mense unit a is but Hilf al May bomb pro Post to re Imi fonts of Active Rye a Ach a conic a a ies it we it @ re�8nttinerr Fantry co bpm to iii eight cd to Joof in and one Jeff a sent of. 715. The a Segatti Jack a i mate ii i commissioned staff will be 1 Ify Vanion. A a j comparison of Speed. A French scientific journal states that the Ordinary rate is. Per second of a Man walking a 4 of a Good horse in harness 13 of a rain Deerin a Sledge on the ice 26 feet of an English race horse of a Hare of a Good sailing ship. Of the wind. Of sound of a 24-Pound Cannon Ball of the Ai which of d vivid cd returns into space 43 68 16 i 1,038 1,300 1,000 m successful measure Well Squire said a Costi Yuent to a representative Why did it you get our be Tina through tie legislature this Winter i a in Ger it thro quot my dear sir without any diff Itury aha indeed a did it Are any account of it inthe newspapers to be sure not-�?1 carried it throng ii both houses in my coat pocket and a de no noise about it a new bed gait. Prevention Ron the hollow though Laie in season some Fine cows May be saved this Spring by pouring Abbottt 5ha f a Gill of spirit of turpentine in the cup or a cavi , on top of the head just behind the Junco a. Of the horns let it be again in about 10 Days or 2 weeks after the first Appie Cumi simple remap is Cotton Wool wet with quot Sweet Oil and Para Goric relieves the ear Arhe very soon. Honey and milk is very a Bod for worm so is Strong Salt water. We Bat or req bran poultice will cure inflammation oct wion de by a sprain. It a we Shingto a Fetter writer a Tate a Toaia thou mkt to the Abs Lily on Meniz nals pfc session do not to need 37,000, and that of there nearly 10,000. Are females and perhaps shoo or >sk�0.nro boys. I Sendai let Siw a chains Inai be Scaia Noi Btu of a a it it i with we tet no it of a a Ampey the salary paid to the cashier of the citizens Bank of new Oil equivalent to annul. The Pajsach Profir a Slature has in or East no part i a m a fits

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