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Logansport Canal Telegraph (Newspaper) - June 4, 1836, Logansport, Indiana
By s. Lasselle amp j. B. Dillon. Tol.3�. Yoga sport Indiana saturday june 4, . 47. From the Utica evangelical advocate. Education. Much has been said and written upon the a subject of education but still its importance a does not appear to be so fully realized by the majority of the people incomparable value would seem to demand As american freemen we justly prize our Republican form of a government and the numerous blessings which flow therefrom and we Are naturally desirous to perpetrate our High privileges to tiie Reni of est posterity. But upon what depends the stability of our institutions and government not primarily upon the Union of Toliese states or the prevalence of Republican principles or the election of this or that Man or set of men to office but entirely upon the general knowledge and information of the great Jonass of the people for this indeed is the True source of a Public Anim and of the spirit of Union. Ours is emphatically a government our epee plea they Are the source of All Laws and give a character to our institutions. Now in the same proportion As the people become enlightened and moral will they be cautious to select for their representatives and rulers men of tried Wisdom and purity and vice versa a hence the enactment of pure wholesome enlightened Laws and a realization of the necessity of preserving inviolate our Union depends exclusively Ripon the knowledge of the a people or their ability to appreciate the advantages a hich accrue from these sources. The enemies of republicanism hauntingly i edict the approaching dissolution of our print form of government. Tricy Point to the a fail of the republics of Greece Rome and modern Fri ice and to tiie anarchy which reigns in Softli America As unerring indications that Man is not capable of governing himself and that Ere Long these United states will be to adopt a Monar Chial government to avoid the same Fate. But the inquiry arises what caused the overthrow of the republics a voc named 1 answer the Ign Ouaack a Peoplis a the prevalence of wealth without knowledge and virtue from the darkness of their Mikuls they were incapable of appreciating tiie value of Freedom and were there More iii iii ii int i of add upon Timeir Rig Milf for tie Gaudy trappings of Royalis or to participate in the renown of some Aminti Ous Slayer of Liis race. A similar Roni arks will to mexican Spates and those upon the Souil Orn Coil Incisi. To. Cat mass of tie peo l Pic Ghorai ill iro a regard t t Leir lights and i in True nature acid a Iriqui ids ing let every child be thoroughly instructed in All the useful branches of science and let judiciously selected libraries of valuable and morally entertaining books be established and supported in every school District that the Leisure hours of the youth May be profitably employed. Were a system of this character to be adopted and thoroughly practice by government in one generation our land would present a spectacle calculated to fill the heart of the philanthropist with rejoicing a nation of usefully educated people elevated As far above the other nations of the Earth in Point of morality and knowledge As in civil and religious Liberty the funds to sustain a National system of education could unquestionably be easily procured. Our National Treasury is about to be filled with millions of surplus Revenue and already numerous projects Are agitated for its application. But what More beneficial use i would inquire could this Money be applied to than the education of the people quot it should be applied to fortifications quot says one quot to internal improvements quot says another. But let the great body of american freemen become duly educated and enlightened let them become aware of the True nature of their rights and of the real character amp value of their privileges and this nation will be safer and will bid More fair to perpetuate her free institution to posterity than were our country surrounded by a triple Row of fortification. Pasturing Stock. Do not turn your cattle to grass too Early in the Spring. Or. Deane was of Pimon that frowning with serried lines of bayonets. For w of a Jim . Vav his otitis ignorance remains they continue a prey to wild anarchy they con linux the tools and victims of aspiring and corrupt demagogues. And Hove shall we prevent our beloved Union from sharing the same Fate the answer is self inc. People enlighten the people let knowledge As str Aisis of water flow throughout the wide extent of our country and a Rich and abundant Harvest of virtue and fraternal Ai Lection Viii be the fruit thereof. A while these truths Are extremely evident there is a most lamentable want of regard to them exhibited by our legislators and Law makers. I am convinced that a careful examination of the doings of our representative bodies will by far the greater proportion of their acts Are the devising of schemes and granting of monopolies and privileges to Meiji the people As though this were the great primary object of legislation while the instruction of the people is a matter of Zsinor importance As though wealth was the sole source of earthly happiness and should be the end and aim of All and iii Vidigal Pursuit Bat of what Avail is wealth we Hout knowledge to make a proper use of it riches and ignorance Are infinitely More liable to plunge an individual or a nation into degradation and wretchedness than poverty with knowledge. The Rise and fall of the ancient republics fully exemplify this the minds of the people be Well enlightened and though poor they will cherish and protect our free institutions in their purity and live United and Happy. But Heap wealth upon them while their minds Are in chains of ignorance and darkness and they will become Ripe in corruption and fall an easy prey to anarchy or despotism. It is therefore evident that fio far As the above noticed principles of legislation Aie in operation they should be reversed. The primary design of our legislative bodies should be the devising quot of Means to instruct the people in All practical and useful information while assistance in the accumulation of richest should be an. Object of secondary consideration. The first question which the representative asks of himself should not be a How shall i assist my constituents in becoming wealthy a but quot How shall i Aid them in the acquisition of useful knowledge and the diffusion of it among their children quot is it inquired what measures can be adopted to educate and enlighten All the people i answer Iet a National system of education be adopted Lescho Osof uninterrupted dui action be established in every town and Hamlet and neighbourhood throughout the Union a let Liberal a Aries be paid to instructors that men of tiie fint Talent and acquirement May devote Thor entire lives to the profession of teaching we shall thus be protected from the encroachments of enemies far More to be dreaded than any Foj eign foe Viz ignorance and her progeny corrupt ion profligacy and internal commotion As for internal improvement i know of none More needed than the improvement of the minds of the people. Let Light a amp knowledge radiate their understandings and their love o country will rest upon a firmer foundation than merely that it is their birth place or affords advantages in acquiring wealth this Loveo country is possessed by the most degraded ser Liat bows beneath the despotic Yoke of Russia it will be a love for the of our country a love for the purity the Equality ant Justice which prevails throughout her Borders it is needless to remark that a people of this enlightened character would be far More he by to maintain in Pristine vigor that invaluable Bond of Union and in its purity that Constitution Wirich Are the fruits of the toil and bloods cd of our forefathers. I repeal then the education of All the people of this wide extended government Shoult be Trio first of acct with All our legislature ant to accomplish v. Hich of the wealth of the nation should be permanently dedicated. For beyond All question upon a general and thorough diffusion of useful knowledge of moral and practical instruction depends the existence of this government ant Tynion and tie perpetuity of our free institutions. I have messes. Editors suggested these crude though its in Hope they May be improve by some Abler and More experienced a pen j. M. Austin. A True Story. There lived some years ago in a town in Connecticut a Man in the habit of quot taking without Liberty quot his neighbors property. The Clergyman of the town suspecting him of making too free with his Hay had one nigh concealed himself with his dark lantern. The thief appeared tied up a Large Bundel ant left the premises when the Rev. Owner instead of bawling out quot you scoundrel you what do you mean by stealing my Haydis engaged the Candle from the lantern and dexterously applied it to the combustible Load. The bundle was soon in a Blaze and the unlucky fellow suspected that he was pursue by some person with a Light Laid his f6et to the ground with uncommon was in vain to escape the pursuing fire. By increasing in brightness As he ran seemed to his terrified imagination to come nearer to venturing to look around to discover the extent of his danger he perceived to his astonishment that the stolen Hay was on fire. How it came so puzzled him not a Little but so conscious guilt assisted natural credulity he settled Down upon the conclusion that the fire was sent from heaven to admonish him his transgression. Full of this alarming notion he gave himself no rest until he had gone to the person made confession of his crime and related the supposed extraordinary and Terri ble warning from heaven. The Rev. Gentleman Humoured his credulity under the idea that it might Reform his Fife. He was no mistaken for the blazing Hay had made so deep an impression on the fellow s mind tha of iii henceforth he forsook his evil course be flame a valuable member of society ant was United to the flock of the judicious Clergyman who had aided so materially in his reformation. He finally died an honest Man in the firm belief of interposition of provi Dence in setting fire to the stolen Hay. The person kept the secret till the poor Man was Laid in the dust but then even the Clerica Tongue could no longer resist the desire communicating so serious an Amer in the Spang. Jar. Deane Wasoi opinion Nav the 30th May was in our climate quite Early enough o permit cattle to go to pasture and some Farmers think it Best to keep wooing oxen and horses to Hay amp a. At least until the first first of june. It is not right to turn All sorts of cattle into pasture together. Milch cows working oxen and fitting beasts should Lave the first feeding of an enclosure. Afterwards sheep and horses. When the first lot has been fed off it should be shut up and the manure which has been dropped should be eaten to pieces and Well scattered. Afterwards the second pasture should be treated in the same manner and the rest in course ceding the wettest pasture after the driest lat the soil May not be too much broken up by the cattle s feet. Something considerable is saved by letting All sorts of grazing animals take their turn in pasture. By Means of this nearly All the herbage produced will be eaten much of of which would otherwise be lost. Horses will eat the Leavings of horned cattle and sheep will eat some things that both one and he other leave. Let the Stock of a Farmer be greater or less be should have at least four enclosures of Pas ure land. One enclosure May be fed two weeks and then shut up to grow. Each one will recruit Well in six weeks and each Wil Lave this time to recruit. But in the latter Art of october the cattle May Range through All the lots unless some one May become too wet and soft. Feeding pastures in rotation is of greater advantage than some Are Apt to imagine. One acre managed according to the above directions will turn to better account some say who have Practised it than three acres in the common Way. In turning out horses to grass in the Spring it is usual to choose the Forenoon of a Fine Day to do it in the natural consequence is the Lorse fills his belly during the Sunshine ant quot ies Down to rest during the cold of the night hereby probably exposing themselves to disorders. In some parts a better practice prevails the horse is turned out at bedtime the consequence is he eats All night and sleeps in the Sunshine of the next n. E. Farmer. Least fifty millions of dollars for rail Road Iron. And yet we have our mountains both Iron Ore and Coal of the Best Quality and in quantities sufficient to yield Iron Ore for the whole Penn. Telegraph. The Camanche indians. The state of things now existing in the mexican territory West of the Boundary of the United states and the apprehensions which Are entertained by some persons that be indians in the North of Texas May be embodied and brought Down on the Frontier Jive value at the present moment to the Fol quot owing information from an authentic source concerning the Camanche indians and their allies. The following extract is from a letter officially addressed to Washington dated March "1, 1836. Quot for the last five years i have had Intercourse with the Camanche indians and their allies. They inhabit the country from Loti Ude 34 Deg. North on red River to the Rio Del Norte extending North to the Road that Eads from st. Louis to. To Santa be South of the head Waters of Trinity Guadaloupe brasses and Colorado Rivers of Texas a coun by in length 600 Miles and breadth from 250 to four Hundred Miles mostly Prairie scientific hints. Ice is the natural state of water it is Only y the addition of Colt it Rick heat that it becomes fluid. The reason Why water in Freez no bursts the closed vessel in which it is con aimed or rises in the form of a bulb in an open one is because ice is More porous than water and therefore occupies More room. A single Square Inch of water while freezing expands with a Force equal to thirteen tons. The porous nature of ice accounts for its swimming on the surface of water. Were it not for this Beautiful exception to the common Law of a Are by which All bodies contract on the application of cold successive layers of ice would be formed and sink to the Bottom til he whole fluid mass would become one Solit body of ice by which All evaporation would b prevented and vegetables deprived of their nourishment would Wither and decay animals perish from Thrist and cold and this single change in the Laws of nature would be sufficient to destroy All living roads. It is estimated on Good authority that a this time the rail roads in the United states either actually under contract or in Progress of being surveyed amount to More than three thousand Miles. Each Yard of the Highes Iron rails fit for a rail Road weighs sixty two and a half pounds. As there Are seventeen Hundred and sixty Yards in a mile each mile of rail Road with a double track will require two Hundred and thirty eight tons of rail besides chains screws and bolts amounting in the whole to at least two Hundred and fifth tons of Iron per mile�?250 multiplied by 300 is seven Hundred and fifty thousand tons Iron that will shortly be used in the United states in the construction of rail roads. Such is the demand for rail Road Iron in England for the american Market that com Mon bar Iron which one year ago was wort Only six pounds ten shillings in Wales is now Worth nine pounds ten shillings at the Welc works As appears by the British prices current. It is stated in the new York papers that a this time contracts have been actually made in England by american houses for four Hundred thousand tons of rail Road Iron to be shipped to this country. Nine pounds ten shillings Sterling is Abou forty five dollars of our Money but rail roat Iron costs More than common bar Iron and is at this time Worth at least fifty dollars per ton at the works in Wales or four Hundred thousand tons of Iron at dollars per ton is Twenty millions of dollars that the people of the United states Are Brunt to pay to the English by their present contracts for rail 1-Oad Iron. If All the projected rail roads of this country shall be Laid Down with British Iron rails we shall pay to the English nation within the next seven years at the future. An kit act. It is perhaps for others rather than ourselves Pat the fond heart requires an Berea ter. The tranquil rest the Shadow and the silence the Mere pause of the wheel of few have no terror for the Wise who know a due value of the world. Quot quot after the Billows of a Stormy sea. Sweet is at last the Haven of repose v jut not so when that stillness is to Divide us rom others when those we have loved with All the passions the Devotion the watchful Sanctity of the weak human heart Are to us no More when after Long years of desertion and widowhood on Earth Liere is to be no Hope of re Union in that invisible world be Ond the stars where the Torch not of life Only but of love is to be quenched in the Buntain and the grave Liat we would Fain Lope is the restorer of broken ties is but the dumb Seal of hopeless utter inexorable separation and it is this thought this sentiment which makes religion omit of love and teach eth belief to the mourning heart that in the gladness of United affection Fojt not the Neces Ity of a heaven to How Many is the death of the beloved the Parent of Faith the different tribes Are comanches Kawas to Wash or Southern Pawnee caddies a Coes and kiddies. They number about thirty five thousand in All and can Muster from seven to eight thousand warriors in this Western Prairie. Free As the Buffalo themselves they acknowledge no Superior deprecating upon the mexicans of the Interior states ravaging and burning their towns murdering their people sometimes taking prisoners which they either torture to death or make slaves of carrying off immense mules and horses. Their former impunity prompts these wandering hordes to look upon themselves As the most powerful of nations which opinion the visits of our sick and exhausted troops among them was far from removing. I left the country on the 5th of december use of tobacco. There is nothing better than a decoction o tobacco for destroying insects that infest either animals or plants. We have frequently with safety and Success dipped Young lambs in it for the purpose of destroying ticks but when applied to animals care should be taken tha it be not made so Strong As to injure the animals especially Young ones when Given internally any degree of strength is always dan Rouse on plants it cannot be made too Strong. In support of this theory we give the following crises a or. W. Renick Pickaway county applied a Strong decoction of tobacco to a Young and valuable calf with the intention of killing some lice with which the calf was infested. On making the application the calf was immediately a realized and was with difficulty recovered the insects were however destroyed and the calf eventually benefited. Last fall a distinguished Kentucky cattle breeder or. G. N. Sanders attended the fair of the Hamilton county agricultural society with a Choice lot of blooded cattle after the fair he turned them into an Orchard in which the ground was covered with fallen apples they having been kept in a lot without food for the principal part of a Day very naturally gorged themselves with the fruit and in consequence were seized with a violent Colic in this dilemma being advised by a physician to administer a Strong decoction of tobacco to a full blooded Short Horn cow he took the advice and did administer the decoction As Strong sit could be made both into the stomach and by injection the result was the cow expired in a few . Amp mechanics. From the Dubuque Lead mines visitor. There is a quot custom in the new England states that is very unjust and even cruel. We allude to the imprudent the indiscreet and the unequal conduct of parents sending their sons to the far West and keeping their daughters to Pine in single blessedness at Home. If such an unnatural course should cont Mue a few years their population must consist of old maids. Ladies remonstrate against such vexatious conduct and journey towards Dubuque where we have Twenty five bachelors to one Young lady and we i. E. Ourself will take one quot for better for drs. Chapman and Randolph of Philadelphia in a letter to the publisher of Trio literary messenger deny that judge Marshall Ever had a return of the complaint for which operated upon by or. Physick. They made a Post mor Tuum examination of the chief Justice and ascertained Liat quot the cause of his death was a very diseased condition of the liver which was enormously enlarged and contained several tuberculous Abs copses of great size its pressure upon the stomach had the effect of dislodging this Organ from its natural position and compressing it in such a Menner that for some time previous to his death it would not retain the smallest Quantity of Nutriment. Tented t be general reply was 1 am a then rejoined the gent Eman what do you want of my Field a curious grand jurors of Montreal have presented the newspapers of that City As a nuisance the pain Deal cause for which they allege to be the incessant animosities Between the French an i British parties which these journals with singular ability and not at All times with strict decorum and decency of language Foster and keep alive. It a caution. The following caution was lately posted up in a conspicuous place in Surry England. Quot whereas several Idle and disorderly per a sons have lately made a practice of Riding on an ass belonging to a gentleman of this place. Now lest any Accident should happen notice is hereby Given that he has determined to shoot the ass and cautions any person who May be Riding on it at the same time Totake Especial care of themselves lest by some unfortunate mistake he should shoot the wrong notions. Owing to a sad defect in education too a i by Young ladies consider themselves to be More for ornament than usefulness and they cultivate a taste for disc Lily far More than a taste for the sober duties of life. To these there is a painful waking up in after life and to o Many find themselves utterly unfit for the discharge of obligations Wirich they have taken upon themselves to fulfil. But there is no Retreat for them and too often life s most pleasant anticipations arc found to end in bitterness. An additional article to the treaty of limits Between the United states and Mexico was agreed upon on the 3d april 1835 by our agent or. Butier and the mexican minister and the ratifications were exchanged at Washington last week. The it convention in question is now published and it is to this effects that within the space of a year party shall appoint a commissioner and Surveyor to fix precisely the dividing line and establish the and Marks of Boundary Between the two nations from the Mouth of the Sabine to red River and from the red River Arkansas ascertaining the latitude of the source of the latter River and running the line of latitude 42 Deg. To the South . Y. Eve. Post. We learn from the Richmond compiler that the court of appeals has reversed the decision of the general court in the Case of John Randolph s will. The opinion of the court of appeals is that or. Randolplh on the 1st of january 1832, was not of sound mind and that his will of that Date is therefore void. Or. Randolph s will of i82i, which provides for the emancipation of nil the slaves belonging to his estate is now before tie general court. Lou. Journal. A gentleman had a Board put on a part of his land on which was written j will give this Field to any one who is really contented and when an applicant came he said Are you con a new the court martial lately held at Sheerness on Captain Hope the following dialogue took place Between one of the witnesses and the court. Quot Are you a Catholic quot a quot no quot Are you a prot Stan quot quot. Quot no quot vav Harare Youthan quot quot Captain of the for top do you like novels said miss languish to her up country can t say answered he for i Napyer ate any but i Tell you what i m Trema doas at at Ypung Possum a a
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