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Logansport Canal Telegraph (Newspaper) - January 23, 1836, Logansport, Indiana I a by s. Lasselle amp j. B. Dillon vol. I Gan sport Indiana saturday Jan. �8, 188�. No. »8 in Senate december 29thv 1835. F Public lands of a . Or. Clay Rose and addressed the chair. Although said he a a find myself Home Down by the sevc fast affliction with which provi a cd ice has Ever been plea Ift d to Viwat i have tim get that private Griefs Oug lit not Lon Jerto prevent from attempting ill As i feel a to Ali de to discharge Public duties. And now Rise in pursuance of the notice which his been Given to ask leave to introduce a Bill to appropriate for a limited to e proceeds of the sales of the Niblic lands of the United Stites and for granting land to certain states. I feel it it summent on tit to make a Riel explanation of the highly important it Anre which 1 have now the Honor to propose. The Biu which i desire to introduce provides for the distribution of tie proceeds of the Public lands in the years 1833, 34. 35, 30, and 37, among the Twenty tour Stales of the Union of March 183 it was not returned As the Constitution requires but was retained by him after the of. His official term and until the Nexton Moo of Congress which had no Power to act upon it. It was understood and believed that in anticipation of the passage of the Billa president prepared objections to it which he had intended to return with his negative but be did not. If the Bill had been returned,.there is reason to believe that it would have passed notwithstanding those objections. In the House it had been carried by a majority of More than two thirds. And in the nate although there was not that majority do its passage it was supposed that in Consemiu Nee of the passage of the Compromise j8ilt, Sam of the senators who had voted a Gunst the land Bill had changed their views and would have voted for it on its return and others had left the Senate. There Are those who believe that the Bill was unconstitutionally retained by the president and is now the Law of the land. But whether it be so or not the general govern and conforms substantially to that Wirich pass Ujj to holds the Public Domain in Trust for the Din 1833. It is theri More of a temporary a Benefit of All the states and it is i therefore competent to provide by Law that the trustee shall make distribution of the proceeds of the three past years As Well As future j years among those entitled to the beneficial interest. The Bill makes such a provision. And it is very remarkable that the sum which character but if it shall be found to have a salutary operation it will be in the Powei of a future Congress to give it an indefinite continuance and if otherwise it will expire by its own terms. In the event of a War unfortunately breaking out with any foreign Power the Bill is to cease and the fund which it Dis-1 a proposes to distribute is about the Gross sur tributes is to be applied to the prosecution of balance estimated in the Treasury the War. On the first of january 18.36. When the the Bill directs that ten per cent of the of the last Quarter of the year come Nett proceeds of the Public lands sold Winlun a Jujj probably be found that the surplus the limits of the seven new sates shall be a larger than the sum which the Bill Distri firs set apart for Vliem a addition to the hey a of should not be there will in per cent reserved by their several compacts millions held in the Bank of with the United states and that the residue of the proceeds whet Iier from the sales made in the states or territories shall be divided among the Twenty four states in proportion to their respective Federal population in this the United states applicable As far As it May be received to the service of the on ning year. It would be premature now to enter into a consideration of the probable Revenue of fun respect the Bill conforms to that which was in years but at the proper i think it produced in 183-2. For one 1 should have a not be difficult to show that exclusive of been r Illing to have allowed the new states la received from the Public lands 12i instead of ten per cent but As that was a a a abundantly sufficient for All the a objected to by the president in his veto Mes economical purposes of government in a Sage and has been opposed in other quarters peace. And the Bill As i have already i thought it Best to restrict the allowance to la Ujj provides for seasons of War. I wish the More moderate sum. The Bill also con of guard against All misconceptions by repeat gains Large and Liberal Grants of land to several 1 have heretofore several times , of the new states to place them upon an e a a at this Bill is not founded upon any notion Quality with others to which the Bounty of of a Power in Congress to Lay and collect Congress has been heretofore extended and distribute the amount among the provides that when other new states shall be general states. I think Congress possesses no admitted into the Union they shall receive Poer and has no right to exercise it their share of the common fund. ,�1 gome such amendment As that proposed Nett amount of the sales of the Pulich senator from South Arolina or. Cal lands in the year 1833 a is the sum of noun shall be adopted d. But the Bill rests on 08?. 55 in the year 1834 was 4,857, Asis Ofa Clear and comprehensive Grant and in the year 1835, according to actual re of Power to Congress Over the territories and Ceiplis in three first quarters and an Csizi property of the United states in the cons Titu mate of the fourth is 15 making and upon the express stipulations in an aggregate for the three yearsofs2l,047. La of cession. 404 39. This aggregate is what the Bill pro by. President i have Ever regarded with poses to distribute and pay to the of the profoundest regret the decision states on the first of May 1830, upon the inn Ich the president of quot the United states f Sciples which i have stated. The Dif Torence himself induced to make on Bill of 1833. Between the estimate made by the Secretary Jug a asure to approve it the of the Treasury and Itiat which 1 have Oflyn us Jug of department would not now be taxed of the product of the last Quarter of this a to find out useless objects year arises from haying taken As the pro expenditure or objects Wlinich May be quot Well Bable sum one third of the tot in amount of the postponed to a More Distant Day. If the Bill three first quarters and he some other Contee and passed about Twenty millions of dollars Tural sum. Deducting from the 21,047,404 Ould have been during the three last years. 39 the fifteen per cent to which the seven it a hands of the several state. Applit ibo new states according to the Bill will be Hrat a them to the Beni Wicent purposes of internal entitled amounting to 2,612,350 18, there ,.ovement. Education or colonization will remain for distribution among the Twenty immense benefits might not have been four states of the Union the sum of 18,13o. A fused throughout the by the Active em-054 21. Of this sum the proportion of Ken Poy mint of Liat Large sum what new Chan Tucky will be 960,917 41, of Virginia the of Commerce and communication might sum of 1,581,669 39, of North Carolina 988, a not have been opened Liat Industry Stim-63-2 42, and of Pennsylvania 2,083.233 32. Hat labor rewarded How Many the proportion of Indiana incl dog the of Youthful minds might have received the Bles teen per cent will be 855,588 23, of Ohio i Uinins of education and knowledge and been 577,110 84, and of Mississippi 958,055 42. Be scud from ignorance vice and ruin How and the proportions of All the Twenty four states Are indicated in a table which 1 hold in hand prepared at instance in the office of the s Creary of the Senate and to Access. Tiie fice of the s Creary which any s. Nator May have j Many descendants of Africa might have been transported from a country where they never can enjoy political or social Equality to the native land of their fathers where no exists to their attainment of the highest grounds on extra allowance made of Elevation intellectual social and to the new states Are first their complaint that Pojo tical where they might have been sue All lands sold by f ederal government Are instruments in the hands of god to five years exempted from state taxation be l go a religion of his son and to Lay the fondly that Tito mannerly a i will augment the value of the unsold pub-1 in we inst lie lands within them and lastly recent settlement. It May be recollected that a Bill passed both houses of Congress in the session which which terminated on the 3d of March 1833, for the distribution of the amount received and sir when we Institute a comparison Between what might have been effected and what has been in fact done with that Large amount of National treasure our sensations of regret on account of the Fate of the Bill of 1833, Are still Keener. Instead of its being dedicated to the Beneficent uses of the f Fco the Public lands upon the principles of whole people and our entire country it has that now offered. The president in his Mes been an object of scram Bung amongst local Sam the commencement of the previous ses corporations and locked up in the vaults or Sion bad specially invited the attention of loaned out by the directors of a few of them. Congress to the subject of the Public lands who Are not under the slight st responsibility had adverted to their liberation Froin the pledge to the government or people of the United for the payment of the Public debt and had states instead of Liberal enlightened and intimated his read inc to concur in any Dispo National purposes it has been partially applied a al of them which might appear to Congressi to local limited and selfish uses applied to conducive the quiet Harmony and increase the Semi annual dividends of favorite get in Aijo rest of the american people. I Stock Bolders in favorite Banks. Twenty Mil a of Mich a menage the presidents dial a. Lions Orthe National tree sure Are scattered in of Tina of the Biu could not have been an i parcels Annoot Petty corporations and whilst v a i wanted told Moa the a i i Tom Are a log Over the lei agma ilk a is greedy for More the secretaries Are brooding on schemes for squandering the whole. But although we have lost three precious years the Secretary of the Treasury tells us that the principle is yet Safe and much Good May he still achieved with it. The general government by an extra Ordary exercise of executive Power no longer affords Aid to any new works of internal improvements. Although it Springs from the Union and cannot survive the Union it no longer engages in any Public improvement to perpetuate the existence of the Union. It is but Justice to it to acknowledge that with the co operation of the Public spirited state of Maryland it elected one National Road having that tendency. But the spirit of improvement pervades the land in every variety of form Active vigorous and enterprising wanting pecuniary Aid As Well As intelligent direction. The states have undertaken what the government is prevented from accomplishing. They Are strengthening the Union by various lines of communication thrown across and through the mountains. New York has completed one Chain. Pennsylvania another bolder in Conception and far More arduous in the execution. Virginia has a similar work in Progress wort ii of All her Enterprise and Energy. A fourth farther South where the parts of the Union Are too loosely connected has been projected and it can certainly be executed with the supplies which this Bill affords and perhaps no without them. The Bill passed and these and other similar undertakings completed we May indulge the patriotic Hope tip at our Union will be bound by ties and interests that Render it indissoluble. As the general government withholds All direct Agency from these truly nation al works and from All new objects of internal improvement ought it not to yield to the states what is their own the amount received from the Public lands it would thus but execute faithfully a Trust expressly created by the original deeds of cession or resulting from the treaties of acquisition. With this ample re source every desirable object of improve ment in every part of our extensive country May in due be accomplished. Placing this in the hands of the seve ral members of the confederacy their com Mon Federal head May address them in the glowing language of the British Bard and bid harbours open Public ways extend j id Lein Jilin a worthier of ili god ascent. Fid the Broad Arch the dangerous Hood contain. The mole projecting break the roaring main. Fack to his Bounds their subject sea command and Roll obedient Rivers through the land. The affair of the Public lands was Force upon . In the session 1831-2 a motion from a Quarter politically unfriendly to was made to refer it to the committee of manufactures of which i was a member. 1 strenuously opposed the reference. I remonstrated 1 protested i entreated 1 implored. It w in vain the 1 insisted that the commit tee of the Public lands was the regular Standin committee to which the reference should made. It was in vain that i contend a the the Public lands and Domestic manufacture were Suli acct Basoli Itelo incongruous. The unnatural Alliance wins ordered by to of i majority of the Senate. 1 i Otthat a personal embarrassment was intended Felt the design Ivas to place in hands Many edged instrument which 1 could not touch without being wounded. Nevertheless subdued All repugnance and i engaged assiduously in the task which had been so unkindly assigned . This or a similar Bill was the offspring of deliberations. Wien reported the report accompanying it was referred by the same majority of the Senate to the very committee on the Public lands to which 1 had unsuccessfully sought to have the subject originally assigned for the avowed purpose of obtaining a counteracting report. But in spite of All opposition it passed the Senate at that session. At the next both houses of Congress. I confess i feel anxious for the Fate of this measure less on account of any Agency i have had in proposing it As i Hope and believe than from a firm sincere and thorough conviction that no one measure Ever presented to the councils of the nation was fraught with so much unmixed and enduring influence in the preservation of the Union itself and upon some of its highest interests. If i can be instrumental in any degree in the adoption of it i shall enjoy in that retirement into which i Hope shortly to enter a hear feeling satisfaction and a lasting Consolation. I shall carry there no regret no complaints no reproaches on own account. Quot when i look Back upon Humble origin left an orphan Loo Young to have been conscious of a father s smiles and caresses with a widowed Mother surrounded by a numerous offspring in the midst of pecuniary embarrassments without a regular education without friends without patrons i have treason to be satisfied with Public career. I ought to be thankful for the High places and honors to which i have been called by the favor and partiality of countrymen and 1 am thankful and. Grateful an i Jna the ply Astig Cori Scio Tsueh that in whatever fat Tina f by be been placed i have earnestly and honestly Laboured to justify their Confidence by a faithful fearless and zealous discharge of Public duties. Pardon these personal allusions. I make the motion of which notice has been Given. It leave was then granted and the Bill was introduced read twice referred to the committee on Public lands and ordered to be printed. The following is the table referred to by or. Clay statement shewing the dividend of each state according to its Federal population of the proceeds of the Public lands during the years 1833�? 4, and 5, after deducting from the amount 15 per. Cent previously allowed to the seven new states. Pcs it n to i ederal population. Share for each state. 16 prot. To new states. Total to new states. Ivlo. H. A ass. R. I. It. N y. N. J. A a. Del. My. A. N c. S. C. A. By. Ten. Ohio la. La. 111. To. Miss. Ala. Jtil7,269 416.202 943.203 150,198 459,996 433,713 2,964,834 494,391 2,083,230 116,968 627,169 1,681,669 988,632 701,495 664,208 960,947 966,249 i,446,2u6 1,265,327 530,102 243,846 201,542 170,511 405,6661541,940 fractions of dollars Are omitted in the Abov sums 39,437 269,326 610,408 97,194 297,655 285, 57 1,913,553 319,922 1,345,072 75,432 405,847 1.023,503 639,747 455,025 429,811 621,832 625,263 935,884 171,64 343,031 157,147 130,419 110,358 262,508 230,ai4 67,561 325,485 483,760 174,354 788,403 1,677,110 332,888 855,588 726.606 375,897 958,945 947.607 from fallers reported. Mozart. It happened that Mozart was Silini one Fine morning in his bed his writing Feiore him when his Young wife entered to inform iii i that a very unmusical being the but Iier a Down stairs with his Bill. Mozart we o had been for some composing one of his Greal est operas the immortal Clemina i to o was just arranging in his fancy one of tin most Beautiful airs. He neither nor saw his wife. She a Lovely kind soul of Radier practical views who had been so portly before married to a Young artist stood waiting for a while repeating her information but no answer followed her words. Seizing the Young artist by the Elbow she began to Repi a the Butcher s account. Mozart was writ Insi without intermission feeling however his Arm touched and hearing sounds whose Tenor seemed not to correspond with the harmonious notes of his soul he shut his ears with his left hand writing with the right As quickly As the notes could be scribbled. A second Sliaut of his wife followed Mozart growing impetuous seized his walking stick and his wife alarmed at so strange an intimation hastened to the door. The whole had passed without Mozart being in the least conscious of it. She ran Down stairs with tears in her eyes telling the Butcher that her husband could not be spoken to and that he must come another . But the Man of blood was not easily to be daunted he must have his Bill settled an i speak with Himself or he would not sent another ounce of meat. He ascended the stairs. Mozart distinctly conscious that some thing had passed in his presence had continued pouring the effusions of his phantasm on paper when the heavy footsteps ascended in the Hall. His stick was still in lis hand. Without turning his eyes from scrap he held against the door to keep out the intruders but the Steps were approaching. Mozart More anxious hurried As fast As he could when a rap at the door demanded permission to enter. The Beautiful effusion was in danger o being lost. The affrighted composer cast a fugitive glance at the stick it was too Short with an anxiety bordering on Phenizy he looked round Bis room and a pole standing behind the curtain caught his Eye this he seized holding it with All his might against the door writing like fury All the while. The Knob was turned and the pole withstood the first Effort. A pause succeeded words were heard on the staircase and the intruders renewed their efforts a second . The strength of the composer seemed to increase with his anxiety. Large drops of perspiration stood on his forehead. Stemming the pole a against the left great with the Force of despair he still kept out his visitors rhe Sucre dec but fora moment yet it was a precious moment the Deli Ghoul air was poured on the paper quot it was saved such had been the anxiety of a a re and despair of the comp Ltd of so i note sic his feelings a iat his bodily strength wits hot pc car to Stenc the powerful Effort a of pcs scat cer her Bis cd Wawa Bis strength left him the pole dropped from his Handi and he fell Back on his Pillow exhausted. The door opened and his wife with the Fon biddable Butcher entered. Pale unconscious it of every thing the son of euterpe Lay on his bed by forehead bathed in cold sweat. The wife terror struck at the sight rushed to her beloved husband she raised his forehead Emly raced him when his eyes opened and looking a round with Surprise they fell upon the in Valet Able scrap still before him. Quot or. Mozart quot said the Butcher. A halt halt cried the composer ii Angie manuscript and leaping at the same out of bed and hurrying towards the piano Forte. Down he sat and the most Dij in that was Ever heard resounded from the instrument. The eyes of his wife and even of the Batcher began to moisten. Mozart finished the tune Rose again and running to his writing disk he filled out what was wanting. A a Well or. Mozart quot said the but heir when the artist had finished quot you know i am Tomary quot no i do not quot said m., who had some what recovered from his musical quot Well then you know it now and you also know that of owe Money for . A do quot said With a sigh. Quot never mind quot said tie Man under whose blood stained coat beat a feeling heart. Quot just make a Fine Waltz for marriage fall and i will cancel the debt and k t you have meat for a whole year to come quot it is a bargain quot cried the Lively and gifted And Down he sat and a Waltz wag elicited from the instrument such a Waltz As never before had set the dance Loving Butcher s feet in motion. Meat for a year did i a quot exclaimed the enraptured tradesman no one Hundred ducats you shall have for this Waltz but i want it with trumpets and hornpipes and fiddles Yeu know bests and soon quot you shall have it so quot said m., who scarcely trusted his ears and in one hour on May Send for the Liberal minded Butcher retired. In an ii our the Waltz was set in full orchestra music Rise Butcher had returned delighted with the Musie and With his Hundred ducats a sum More splendid than he Ever received from the emperor of Germany for the greatest of As operas. It s to Ilii incident the lovers of Harmony ire indebted for one of the most charming tricks the c. Let rated oxen Waltz a piece of Lubisic s ill us rivalled great fire in London. At Titis particular moment the subjoined account of the great fire in London which took lace ill september 1666, will he read with Nice is the account is from Recs s cyclopaedia a i lie most important event Ever Hap quot Ned in this Metropolis whether it be consid Ivil in r Ference to its immediate effects to its consequences was the great fir iii ii broke out in the morning of sunday s a pm or 2, 1666, and being impelled by Strong winds raged with Irres Static fury nearly Ibar Days and nights nor was in entirely mastered till the fifth morning. The destructive extent of this conflagration was perhaps never exceeded in any part of the world by any fire originating in Accident. Within the Walls it consumed almost five sixths of the whole City and without the Walls it cleared a space nearly As extensive As the one one sixth not left unburnt within. Scarcely a Lin Gle building that came within the Range of the flames was lest standing. Public buildings churches and dwelling houses were alike involved in one common Fate and making a proper allowance for irregularities if May fairy be stated that the fire extended its ravages Over a space of ground equal to an Oblong Square measuring upwards Ofa mile in length and half a mile in breadth. In the summary account of this vast devastation Given in one of the inscriptions on the Monument and which was drawn up from the reports of the surveyors appointed after the fire it is stated that quot tie ruins of the City were acres Viz 373 acres within the Walls and 63 in the liberties of the City that of the 26 wards it utterly destroyed 15,Aud left 8 others shatter Eland half Burnt and that it consumed 400 streets 13,200 dwelling houses 89 churches besides chapels 4 of the City Gates Guildhall Many Public structures hospitals schools libraries and a vast number of stately the immense property destroyed in this dreadful conflagration could never be Calculi it ted with any tolerable degree of exactness it according of the bes estimations Itiat have been made the total value must have amounted to the immense sum of ten millions of pounds Sterling. Ploughing gardens late in the fall during the Winter or Early in the Spring has a beneficial tendency in destroying Worms and causing the eggs of various insect lodged in Tlle ground to freeze Many Farmers believe they have experienced i Benefit fro i bit management. V the administering of oaths except in two or three specified cases has been abolished if great Britain by act of parliament. A solemn do Larate a How been site Stiim tied ili the place. The Reform in a Bis Parl a a was to have of

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