Page 1 of 27 Aug 1836 Issue of Logansport Canal Telegraph in Logansport, Indiana

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Logansport Canal Telegraph (Newspaper) - August 27, 1836, Logansport, Indiana E t. A it a to a l c by Lasselle amp Dillon. Vol. , Indiana saturday August isso. No. 4. Constitution of the quot Union of settlers quot upon Public lands adopted by a meeting of the settlers upon Public lands in Lake county Indiana held at the House of Solomon Robinson on the 4th of july 183g. A we hold this truth self evident that to possess certain inalienable rights and that it is our duty to provide for the future respect of our preamble whereas we have no certain Prospect of having our rights secured to us by a Preemption Law of Congress and feeling the Strong present necessity of our becoming United in Sulci a manner As to guard against speculation upon our rights have associated together to maintain and support each other and now Day being firmly convinced of the justness of our cause do most solemnly pledge ourselves to each other by the Strong ties of interest and brotherly Leeling that we will abide by the several resolutions Hereunto attached and to a which we will sign our names in the most faithful manner. Article 1st. Resolved that every person who braves All the dangers and difficulties of settling a new and unimproved country is justly entitled to the privilege heretofore extended to settlers by Congress of purchasing their lands at one Dollar and a Quarter an acre. Article cd. Resolved that if Congress should neglect or refuse to pass a Law before the land on which we live is offered for Sale which shall secure to us oar rights we will hereafter adopt such measures As May be necessary effectually to secure each Osiier in our just claims. Article 3d. Resolved that we will not Aid any person to Purchase under this Constitution unless he shall be an actual settler upon government lands at the time of Lac Sale and has comic lid with All the requisitions of this Constitution. Article 4th. Resolved that All the settlers in this county and also in iii adjoining unsold lands of Porter county if they Are Dii posed to join us shall be considered members of this Union As soon As they sign this c on Littion and entitled to All its advantages at this Meetin it i or not. O la article 5th. cd a Niit and Luiei aijjuc6 of in in arise Anion Selliers la by this Noc ind Ain for lik Nrrma i lii at ricin to Linoir h a Itiat there shall let to ing a co Kiuly Board of u Iri ill air Sil Jig scr of claims al o also shill Peri bin Luc duties of clerk to the county Hoart of arbitrators also the duties of a go Natal Corr i to Nutig Secretary. In All elections the prion iia ving the greatest number of votes Sih Hii dict led. Duties of article Goth. The Cason who May i e elect cd Register if he acc Cpl the Oiler Shal Lake registering the same make or cause to be made some prominent improvement upon tho. Same and continue to improve the same to the Satis action of the Board of arbitrators. Any non resident who May hereafter be desirous to join this Union shall first sign this Constitution and after selecting and registering his claim shall proceed within 30 Days to occupy it with his family or else make a durable and permanent improvement either by building a Good Cabin for his residence or blowing at least four acres and then if he is not Able to continue the occupancy of his claim either personally or by a substitute he shall apply to the arbitrators stating his reasons of absence whether to move on his family or for other purposes amp they shall certify to him what amount of labor he shall perform or cause to be performed within a Given length of time to entitle him to hold his claim while he is absent or for a certain time which when done and proved to the Register and entered on record shall As fully entitle the claimant to his claims As though he resided on it provided the Board shall never Grant a certificate to extend his absence one year from the Date unless the claimant has perform red at least one Hundred dollars Worth of labor on his claim and satisfied the l Oard fully that he will the time specified become an actual settler upon it. Any member of this Union May also Register and improve claims for his absent friends As above provided if he will satisfy the Board that the identical person for whom he makes the claim will actually become a settler and reside upon it within the specified time. Any person found guilty by the Board of making fraudulent claims for speculating purposes shall if a member forfeit lis membership in this Union and forfeit All right and title to hold his claim and it shall be declared confiscated and Sigall be sold As provided for All forfeited claims in article nine. Every person requiring the services of the arb iii Alors shall if required secure to them before they Are bound to act one Dollar and fifty cents for each Days services and other be cd Sarv exit enc. Zimcik Sihu resolved Itiat each con i cd Sinai icon slip. Or any settlement com prised of or More Lown slips containing la i iii Marr. Cars May unite and Electa Board of Arbisi Maiors to i us let of Sass the same Povi or to Scislo Dii tuck a a Lac d to their Dii Fri to Itiat the county boat d i ivc and any in ii or of Itiat District Miry submit his Case to Ino i Trucl of county Board a and tic opponent May of acct to one or two of tie District i Oaid and one or Tavvo of tic Couitt Boiu a of Soi in disinterested Nietin bar to sit in their i acc provided he shall pay the extra Cju ii he so occasioned. All decisions of tiie county or District Board shall be final. Either of the parties or the District Board May require the Sci sister to it felted claim if they deem it just and reasonable for Good cause Shewn refund to the certificate claimant the amount he had actually expended upon it and retain in the fund Only the Over plus that the same sold for. Any officer of this Union or any member shall be discarded if convicted of Gross neglected of duty or immoral conduct tending to injure the character of the Union. Who May claim and How much. Art. 10. Every White person capable of transacting business and making or causing to be made an improvement on a claim with the evident intention of becoming a settler thereon shall be entitled to be protected in holding a claim on one Quarter Section and no More except where persons holding claims on the Prairie or open barrens where the Board May decide they have not sufficient Timber for the support of their farm they shall be allowed to Divide a Quarter Section of Timber Between four such Vairie claims. The Board of arbitrators May require any quot i or affair an oat ii or iii ration tin will fail perform All the Culi. S Chioini d him. I shall Forti with i Rovic with a in p of the country which is i be Sii of oct to lii inspection of All persons desiring it of i Vrzic in shall Mark All claims registered so t lat it can be readily seen what i i is chimed and v. Luit is vacant and also a Hook in Wlinich he Liall Register every Chiin Ianis name and Nuin ber of the land he claims first claimed Wincn settled upon., and v. Ii arc the occur pit was from and any other matter no Cussary for Public information Liat tie Board of arbitrators May direct. He shall give every person applying to him All the information in his Power in regard to vacant land that shall be calculated to promote the settlement of the country and shall also reply in the same manner to All letters addressed to him upon the same subject provided the applicant pay his own postage he shall also attend All meetings of the county Board of pro All tend to Weir a ii stings and record their proceedings but in Case ii is not present they shall Cerui their Piid genl to him immediately and ii Sigall Register it the same As any other arbitrators and keep a record of their feedings and perform their orders. He s also whenever required by any member of this Union who shall state the object Issue a notice to the arbitrators when and where and for what purpose to meet. He shall be entitled to receive for every claim he is required to Register a fee of 2. It cts. And for which he shall also give the claimant a certificate that his claim is registered if required. For issuing notice to arbitrators 12 cents for attending their meetings the same fees that May be allowed them for the duties of corresponding Secretary no fees shall he required. Duties of members. Article 7th. Resolved that it shall be the duty of All persons when they sign this Constitution or As soon thereafter As May be to apply to the Register paying him his fee at the same time and have his claim registered. Where the claimant now resides upon the land which he claims his claim shall be considered and held Good As soon As registered. Every Sale or Transfer of titles shall be registered the same As new ones any person desirous of claiming any unoccupied land shall apply to have the same registered and if he is a resident of the county at the time he applies residing with or upon any claim belonging to any other person or upon any land which has been floated upon by Indian or Preemption claims he shall be entitled to hold the claim he registers while he remains a citizen of the county provided he shall within 30 Days after chum. Any member May also object to one of the county Board and require one of some District braid or some disinterested member to sit in his place. The same proceedings also shall take place when one of the Board Are interested in the dispute. The District Board May order District meetings and the county Board county meetings. Duties of Ari Stratous. Art. 9. Resolved that the Board of arbitrators shall As soon As May be take an oath or affirmation before some magistrate faithfully and impartially to perform All the duties required of them not inconsistent with Law and that they will do All acts in their Power for the Benefit of members of Liis Union. On being duly notified they shall Convene and if they see proper they shall make their acts a Rule of court before some magistrate according to the statute provided for arbitrated cases. They May require the parties or witnesses to be sworn and hear arguments of counsel or parties and finally decide which party is justly entitled to hold the claim and which shall pay Cost or damages person making a claim to take an oat mation that he intends the same for actual settlement or if Timber needs it for the use of his farm. No person settling in thick Timber shall be allowed to hold More than 80 acres of Timber but he shall be protected in holding a claim also of 80 acres on the Prairie. Article 11th. Resolved that before the land is offered for Sale that each District shall select a bidder to attend and bid off All claims in the claimants name and that if necessary each settler will constantly attend the Sale prepared to Aid each other to the full extent of our ability in obtaining every claimants land at government Price. Article 12lh. Resolved that after the Board of arbitrators have decided that any individual has of traded upon another claim and he refuses to give the Legal owner peaceable Possession that we will not Deal with or coun Cnance him As a settler until he makes the proper restitution. A a Giclio 13th. Resolved that we will each use our endeavours to Advance the rapid settlement of the Conakry by inviting our friends and acquaintance to join us under the full As Sui Ance that we shall obtain our rights and i iat it is now pc acc try As Safe to go on improving ii a a Cuhlic lands As tho quot Vic already had our titles from government. Article i4th. Resolved that a meeting duly called by the county Board May alter and ii mend this Constitution. I do hereby certify that this Constitution is a True copy from the record Book As adopted liy the said meeting in All its material Points. Robinson Register and corresponding Secretary. Robinson s Prairie Lake county la. July 6, 1830.5 is the North West county Oflyn Diana. It embraces the celebrated extreme South Bend of Michigan quot and extends youth 16 Miles wide to the Kankakee River about 33 Miles. Only a very Small portion of this county has been sold by government and the land not being subject to entry yet it being rapidly settled upon by what Are termed the land is extremely Fertile More than half Prairie is Well watered and apparently very healthy. Dense forests Border some of the Rivers hut Are not found on the Highlands. The climate is delightfully mild. Indian Corn produces abundantly with but Little cultivation. The level country forming the sugar District extends 70 Miles from the Gulf. The surface then ungulates and is United to the different kinds of Grain. Cotton yielding largely and of excellent Quality is grown from the Gulf to red River. Near the Gulf it approaches sea Island Cotton in length and fineness of Staple. The ung ranted lands amounted last fall to 130,000,000 of acres yet unsettled. The ports of Galveston Vilasco Matagorda Debaca and Capan admit vessels drawing 12 feet water. Last year s Cotton crop was g0,000 Bales and sold 1 cent higher than any other in new Orleans Market. This year 200,000 Bales was expected to be made but the War has probably prevented it. The land system resembles ours and will ensure a Large Revenue to the new Republic. Ila i a million was the estimate for this year. Emigrants Are entitled to 1700 acres of land provided they apply before the 1st of july next. An incident. Captain James Allen formerly editor of the Cincinnati Republican who left this City a bout two weeks since with a company of nearly one Hundred volunteers destined for Texas in a letter to the Rev. William Burke relates an incident which illustrates in a striking manner the general feeling in the Western country in iii or of the texans. He states that at the moment the steam boat Farmer which carried the volunteers left the Cincinnati Landing a Young and Noble looking re Cruit was Foi Cibley detained Back by an elder brother. The youth however soon contrived to break away cml iai ked on Board of another boat and re Allied Louisville just As the Fiir Mer was crossing the Falls. On Obs i ving this his heart sunk within him under tie apprehension that the Opportunity of rejoining ids comrades was lost but being informed that the Farmer intended to hair an Lour below the Falls four Miles Distant for the of taking on to Iid an Oft Iio company quot to might have re Maiuu in the City his ii opos revived and he imn mediately set Oil at tho Fop of his Speed determined if possible to i each the boat before her final Dej Virtu a. Fortuzi ally Ibi him ii was in a Nifong and this together with the furious rate at which he was running attracted the attention of four Young ladies who were Tang an excursion. Quot they billed him leaped from their Carriage forced him in ordered their Driver to Jirush for the boat bade him god Speed and let him overwhelmed with astonishment and he arrived just in time was received on Board amidst the cheers of Liis comrades and proceeded v. Ith them to their place of destination. Cincinnati paper. Himself to such comforts As these would be if this were trifling then Bacon was a Tefler then was the great Conde a tri Fler and the old Republican Ludlow and All the great and Good spirits that have loved Flowers and Milton s Adam himself nay heaven itself for heaven made these harmless Elegan cies and blessed them with the Universal Good will of the Wise and innocent. The same mighty Energy which whirls the Earth round the Sun and crashes the heavens with thunderbolts produces the lilies of the valleys and the Dew drops that keep them fair. Leigh Hunt. fish butchers a Piscatori Assassin a a Jack Catcher of Jack an impaler of live Worms frogs and flies a torturer of Trout a killer of Carp and a great Gudgeon who sacrifices the Best part of his life in taking away the life of a Little Gudgeon. Every thing appertaining of the Angler s Art is cowardly cruel treat Lienous. And cat he. He is a professional dealer in quot reasons stratagems and plots quot More Subtle and sneaking than a poacher and More exclusively devoted to snares traps and subterfuges he is at the same time infinitely More remorseless finding amusement and Delight in prolonging to the last gasp the agonies of the impaled bait and of the wretched fish writhing with a Barb in its entrails. It shall be the duty of the county or District Board where the claim is situated to take Possession of any claim confiscated under the provisions of Art. 7, or any unoccupied nonresident s claim the claimant of which has neglected to occupy or improve the same according to the times and within the time specified in the certificate and sell the same to some other person who will become a settler on it keeping the Money obtained for it in their hands unless hereafter a treasurer be appointed for a fund to defray any expense that May be deemed necessary to maintain our just rights or Advance the interest of the Union and if a fund so accumulated shall not be required for such purpose the Board shall use it toward purchasing land for any needy widow or orphan children or needy member of this Union provided that the Board having jurisdiction May extend the time to any claimant holding a certificate from them on application through the corresponding Secretary if the claimant can give them satisfactory reasons therefor and they May also when they have sold a for the very latest. One of the journals tells a Story of a Young Man who had quit the mansion of sir Richan rum in a state of extreme . It happened that one of the City Bells began to ring for fire. The Young gentleman thought it was the clock striking the hour. He counted nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen a he gave it up. Well i m blamed said he if this is it later than Ever i knew it. Atlantic and Pacific. We learn from the new York Star that the exclusive right to carry goods and passengers across the isthmus of Darien by Means of artificial navigation with certain exceptions has been granted by the Republic of new Granada to Biddle for fifty years who is to construct a railway or Mac admired Road from the head of chagres River to the City of Panama leaving another Road for the Public of mules and horses. Trans. From the Portland courier. Some account of Texas. The following information is condensed from an article in the Philadelphia saturday courier and a letter recently published in the Patriot of this City under Spain Texas was a separate province not a part of Mexico. The Spanish and mexican population settled in is about 5000, or hot exceeding 6000. The Buffalo Deer and wild horses have multiplied to and incredible extent in the unoccupied portion of the territory. Their Range is limited but their number not diminished by the increase of population. This Noble country Fertile Beautiful and salubrious equalling France in extent and admirably adapted to Commerce was first made known to the people of our state by those who went to assist the patriots in the War of Independence against Spain. The father of col. Austin first obtained leave to Settle Abou t twelve years ago and dying on his Routolo procure settlers in the United states left s. F. Austin his son to Complete the Enterprise. Extensive Grants were made to him and to Zavala Burnet and vehling who followed. These last selected the District of country bordering on the United states and contiguous to Austin s settlement on the other Side running from the Gulf 300 Miles North. Austin s settlement joins them to the West and May be seen on the map Laid Down in a Square or nearly so. Other Grants have been made in different parts of the territory which Are less known to us. Texas is generally Prairie land with a Broad Belt of Timber along the Rivers. To the Northwest the Prairies Are of vast extent. In the Grants on our holders the wooded land predominates. It abounds with the most Beautiful and luxuriant natural Meadows re Feih bling paths and lawns Laid out in taste and highly cultivated. Wealth. Excessive wealth is neither glory nor happiness. The cold and sordid wretch who thinks Only of himself who draws his head within its Shell and never puts it out but for the purpose of Lucre and ostentation who looks upon his fellow creatures not Only without sympathy but with arrogance and insolence As if they were made to be his vassals and he was made to be their lord As if they were for no other purpose than to pamper his avarice or to contribute to his aggrandizement such a Man May be Rich but Trust me he never can be virtuous nor Happy nor great. There is in Fortune a Golden mean which is the appropriate Region of virtue and Intel gence. To Content with that and if the Horn of plenty overflow let its droppings fell upon your fellow men let them fall like droppings of Honey in the wilderness to cheer the faint and weary Pilgrim. I wish you indeed to be be distinguished but wealth is not essential to distinction. Look at the illustrious patriots philosophers and philanthropists who have in various a i is Blest the world was it their wealth that made them great where was the wealth of Aristides Socrates of Plato Epaminondas of Fabricus of Cincinnatus and a countless Host upon the Rolls of Fame their wealth a As in the mind and heart. These Are the treasures by which they have been immortalized and such alone Are treasures rious struggle. That Are Worth a be Wirt. Flowers. Put but a Rose a Fly or a Violet on your table and you and lord Bacon have a custom in common for that great and Wise Man was in the habit of having the Flowers of the season set upon the table morning noon and night Liat is to say at All his meals for dinner in his time a amp taken at noon and Why should he not have the Flowers at All his meals seeing that they were growing All Day ? now Here is a fashion that shall last forever if you please never changing with Silks and velvets and Silver Forks nor dependant upon the Caprice of some Fine gentleman or lady vrho have nothing but Caprice and change to give them importance and a sensation. Does any Reader missive himself and fancy that to help Short truths. All our vices come from our unwillingness to be alone our inability to be Happy in Solitude a hence play luxury dissipation wine v. Oman ignorance evil speaking envy forgetfulness of ourselves and of dishonest worthless people Are generally Frank familiar and engage at first. Your honest men soon buy Reserve by experience a but rogues Are communicative and open because Confidence and Ope iness Cost them nothing. Never let vice be done by halves. Never let a Man invest All his purer affections in the woman he ruins. A profligate who really loves his victim is one of the most wretched of beings. Friendship in a woman whose heart is not pre engaged is synonymous with love. But her Friendship May be perfectly pure provided she loves another. Never consider that vanity an offence which limits itself to wishing for the Praise of Good men for Good actions. Quot next to our own esteem quot says the Best of the roman philosophers quot it is a virtue to desire the esteem of the novels of sir Walter Scott Are extremely entertaining but they dont contain the most accurate notions of history or the soundest principles of political philosophy in the world 1 confess myself no idolater of the Waverly novels. We often find in what is called fashionable society the most incongruous mixtures of native coarseness and artificial decoration. Some persons put us in mind of the picture of the quot great of quot in a showy Gilt Frame or of a flannel Petticoat with a Fine Crape Over it a Black dress is unbecoming to most persons. Persons must be very Dis Tingue in appearance in order to look Best in that color. How Many there Are who prefer being Little people in town when they might be great people in the country to be of no consequence in a certain Circle when they might be first in another. They conceive it an insult to be thought respectable for what they really Are and become contemptible for affecting to appear what they Are not. Most people who Are Good for nothing have what is called quot an excellent . L. Bulwer. The following is one of the premiums offered by the Tioga Phoenix a quot for the Best comical Story of not less than three columns Loo acres of who land away beyond Pine Creek where the Sun Don t Rise till noon where cascades Are Beautiful mountains Sublime Ani Solitude eternal

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