Page 3 of 20 Jan 1820 Issue of Literary Cadet And Cheap City Advertiser in Cincinnati, Ohio

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Literary Cadet And Cheap City Advertiser (Newspaper) - January 20, 1820, Cincinnati, Ohio »> ; $ *k crette thfc imprésgio» that the Cadet i» heetfie to the interefts and institution» of this citr: and they ha%e, with more boldness than prudence, endeavored to put this construction upon its remarks onthe college—rettíarláiwhich they know, and which the event will prove, to h^e pointed out the true interests of that in* atitution. What can be more »illy and absurd, than to cry out an mgeneroia at-taclc, because in addition to the present professors in t!>e college, we recommended them to procure anotlier popea-sing the most distinguished qualifications. ^THE TLMES. Ohio Legislature.—tliie readers of newspapers in this city most have remarked, how very long it takes information from Columpus to reach us, and how very imperfect it is, when we receive it From Kentucky,Vii^nia, Pennsylvania,or even the remotest state, in the Union, we can receive intelligmce earlier,and more complete, than we nave it from our own seat of government Full information of the proceedings in Congress, is regularly received, in little more than hey the time which is consumed in bringing the imperfect accounts from Columbus; It is even a fiict, that a report of the proceeding in the British parliament was lately putdish-ed in the Atlantic cities, in less time than we have been enabled to pnblisli some of the most important occurrences in the Ohio legislature! We are not certain, where tne fault principally rests; but we believe all the parties concerned are in some measure to blame. The representation of the county should be held res-pmisible to their constituents, for an early and full communication of what they are doing. Bat they appear to have paid no attention to this branch of their duties. Tliey have either not provided for the early printing of their proceedingStm* have not taken the trouble to send them to us. The newspapers at Columbus are also miserably conducted in this respect. The Monitor promised to give an ample report of the proceedings and debates; but we have looked into its columns in vain for a fulfilment of its promise. The mails too, if we are not mistaken, are badly arranged for dissemihating intelligence of state affairs. If the present communication from Columbus to the great eastern line is insufficient, our. members should call the attention of the post master general to the sul^t: their constituents cannot cvcuse them for neglecting entirely to pay ai^ attention to tm means of conveying information : even a selfish r^rd for their popu-iarity should make them more attentive. Oin motion of Mr. Cole, Dec. 27, it was resolved, that a jmnt committee be ap-minted to exhmtne the Auditor*» books, &c. and report specially what incorporated banks within this state have failed to comply with the duties and requisitions imposed by the S6th section of their charter. The acts—to provide for the safe keeping of idiots, lunatics, &c. and .to a-mend me act to establish a medical, college, have passed: and the following bills are under consideration—a bill to amend the several acts regulatingjudgments and executions, and for other purposes; a bill for the better regulating schools, and for estiddishing school districts; a ImII to a-mend the act eatitled, an act directing in what manner certain lands granted by congress, for the use of sch^s, in the Virginia MiBCiry Tract, shalt be surveyed and disposed of, and for other purposes ; a bill aninst forcible en^ and detainer ; a bill defining the duties of justices of the peace and constables, in civil . and criminal cases; and a bill providing for the incorporation of townships. By tiio returns of tbo white male inhabitants of tbis state, above the age of 21 it appenri that there are, in 55 counties, 98780 4>ersoQ8 of that descrip-No return was iWceived from Madison county. Hamilton has 5^876—But-loc S75f—Aon 5,B40-4}eiumUana 8,504 —tod sevemi otheio, upward# The lowest number is 260, in 8faelby county. OuiriiAL Harrisou*! spñECNw—On the 27th ult an able and eloquent speech was deHvered in the senste bypn. Hanrisoti, on a question relstiim to the bank of the Uniterl States. The legislature of Penn-lylvanii liad proposed an imendment to tne cooitHutioQ at (he United States, de-cUrkg that ** Congress shall make no law to erect or incorporate any bank or other monied institution, except within the Dis-triet of Coluniiia, and every bank or other menM institution which shall bo tstab-liibod ^ the authority of congniii áball, tegatiMs with Us branches and ofiets of dufiiilA and deunsit, be confined to the IMrtnt of Columbia.^’ This nropoMKl amSaÉMWt was communicateo to the iiiliAitiMWWriilliiliiaiii their concurrence, .2ft4Eongrsse, to eftct its «imMc pinscribed by tbe in ámsMieefthii state, to noswiittbo, #ho re ported a preamble aud resolutions appro-vii^ it, and requesting our members of congress to use their best endeavors to effect its adoption. To all this, we have not heard, tiiat there was any opposition —the amendment was unanimously approved—but the preamble of the committee contained an expression, which wm deemed improper, and which gen. Harrison made a motion to strike out It was a declaration, that neither the law incorporating the bank, nor the opinion of the supreme court on that sut]^ect, ** is in my way obligatory on us as a state !*’ anii that our right to tax the branches ** on^t never to be surrendered.’* From the debate which ensued, it would seem, that the authors and advocates of this declaration, did not intend tb assert, that Ohio ]^racticaUy, and with/oree ^ arms, to persist in her right of taxing the bank— th¿ she ought, in short, to put herself in military array against ike government of tlie United /fiftotes—yet this is unquestionably the meaning of the declaration! If the acts of congress, and* the decisions of the supreme court, are not in my way obligatory upon her; and if she has a law, taxing the nank, in conformity with her right to tax it, which she ought never to surrender y it plainly follows, that by making a declaration to this effect, she pledges herself to the execution of her law, notwithstanding any opposition which may be made to it, by the constituted authorities of the nation! We have no doubt that such will, almost universally, be understood to be the import of tlie declaration ; and as there is not an individual in Ohio, who it yet ready to fly to arms, in opposition to the bank, the supreme court, and the national govemmenlr^as there is probably not an individual in tiie state, who would not rather submit to the evils of a national bank, than .plunge his country into a civil war—we think gen. Harrison was perfectly right, in his attempt to prevent a declaration to that effect, from being made by the legislature. Such a declaration must inevita% lead to civil war,or exhibit the state in the tiiameful attitude of backing out, from a position deliberately assumed by her government. But it was perfectly correct, to declare in strong terms, the unconstitutionaiity of the bank, and the right to tax it; and to protest against the exercise of implied powers to such a dangerous extent by congress. 'The following resolutions, which were introduced into the legislature of Virginia by Mr. Stevenson, with a preamble which occupies 9 close columns in the Enquirer, have in our opinion gone the proper leogtli in this controversy. Tltat thm As»cmbly does renow the e\pre9tk>fl of the c^Muion it has heretoTore cvpresied, that the government of the United State? is invested with no ngl^tul author^ to cmnt a eharter of m-ounxawtion to a tiank of the United States. Hemlvtd, Tlmt tbk Aiacmlily does enter its solemn protest Hgainst tbe asscrti<«, by or on behalf of the government, or any department of the government of the United a ri^t to the exercise of idl powers, available as eonveiuent means of execution of its (leclareii mwers, as a doctrine ineon-SMtent with, and its tendency sobverstve of, the true eharsMer ot the federal «osistitiition. We have no doubt tiiat the opinions and sentiments expressed by gen. Harrison in his speech, accord substantially with the opinions and sentiments, not only of his immediate constituents, but with those of nine tenths of the people of Ohio. He deems the bank unconstitutional, disapproves the decision of the supreme cotirt,and is willing to co-operate in every practicable method, not inconsistent with the constitution, the laws, and tbe public peace, to get rid of an institution, to whicn he has been uniformly opposed. There may be some subordinate parts of the speech, which we would not approve, but tne main drift of it we think correct. We have not been able to discover from the Monitor, in which the debate has been reported, how the motion of the general was decided. — ‘Messrs. Harper and Orr have been discharged from imprisonment. The circuit court being in session, a motion for their discharge was made, on the ground that they were arretted by a epacial kail^f. al Impropriations for the sujqmrt of tiio navy in 18 J 9.    A critical enquiry was mane into the administration of me constituted merely by a note in writing fi*om the marshal, aau kept in cimfine-meiit several days before the marshal saw them, who then retumod the writ as exe* cuted by himself. The court was of opinion that the iimrshal could not make a special bailiff,but ouly constitute deputies in tbe manner prescribed b^ the act congress { and tliat as the ongioal arrest wts iitiwii, being made by a person not having 1^1 authority to act, the defendants mast be ditchaiged | for the subsequent act of the marshal, while tliey were in confinement, itid not Irgaliie their d«-tentinn.    — Our Intslligence from Washington is down to (he 8th. A gnat many important raporta had tbmi bifn made from the departinents, and by the committsea in hm houaes of congress, but nans of thorn hai bimii publishod. A ttrimte of cooáéeieMe loattb, is rsported in the IjitelUgtnoor, on Uie bill malting addition-. re- renue department; and several of the rocakers, piu-ticularly Clay and Randolph, criticised with considerable severity, tiie loose and n^ligent manner, in wmch the public monies had been applied. They found no room for a charge of peculation or embezzlement; but by the practice of transferring appropriations from one o^ect to another, by eluding the law which requires unexpended faoL anees to be carried after ascertain time to the surplus fund, and by frequently exceeding in the expenditure the amount appropriated to a particular purpose, it appeared that the executive had materially encroached on tiie constitutional prerogative of the representatives of the people, to raise and appropriate the revenue. A disposition to retrench and economise rigidly, has been manilested on all occasions during the present session. In addition to the resolutions we have already noticed, having this object in view, a number of others have been passed, calling for information from the dej^rtments, and directing committees to enquire and report On motion of Mr. Quarles of Ky. an enquiry was directed, whetiier thiere is not too greát a proportion of officers in the army, by which it is rendered very expensive; ana whether the standing appro[»iation of >000,000 for the increase of the navy, m^ not be diminished for the present 'Ine secretary of the treasury is called on to report, what reduction in the revenue would be caused by prohibiting the importation of cotton, woollen and iron manufactures, and in what manner the deficit ml^t be supplied. A bill for taking the 4tb census of the United States was in progress through the H. B. The bill for the admission of Maine had passed tiiat house; but in the senate it was referred to a committee who reported the bill for the admission of Mismuri as an amendment to U ; and the 13th inst. was appointed for the discussion. The object of this ma-nceuvre, is to bring on both questions at the same time, and make the admission of Maine depend Missouri witn the privilege of holding slaves. The slaveholding and the non-slaveholding states are now exactly poised in tbe senate; so that the former can keep out Maine, unless the latter will yield the Missouri question—-or unless the Vice President, should vote against Missouri, or some accident should turn the scale to either side. About the middle of September, all the provinces of New-Grenada wpre in the peaceable possession of the patriots. Bolivar was at Santa Fee, ready to return to Venezuela, to operate with the army of Venezuela against Morillo. Six thousand troops, En^ish and Irish chiefly, under Marino and Arismendi, and 4000 cavalry under general Paez, were about to move on Carraccas. 'Phe royal dtvisicai under La Torre had been destroyed by general Soublette. The prós-lect of success was never more favora-de in that quarter. England.—From the propositions and debates, which have taken place in parliament; from tiie speech of the regent; and from the pubiications in tbe ministerial prints; we would be led to suppose, that the people had supplied themselves very extensively with arms, bad trained themselves for military operations, and had arrived at the veqje of a bloody revolution. But the history of that country, in modern times, exhibits too many demonstrations like the present, which have passed without bloodshed or tumults, to permit us to anticipate any extraordinary issue to the present state of things. It should be recollected, that it has umform-ly been the policy of the government, to exaggerate the violence and the extent of the opposition, witli a view to justify the tyrannical measures, which it is always ready to adopt. Its official falsehoods and exaggerations have often been detected and exposed; and on some occasions, when tiie people were not sufficiently violent and bold to suit its purpose, it has employed spies and secret incendiaries, to infiame their mliuls and excite them to acts of violence ami treason. We must not therefore suppose, that the preparations of the radicals are aa forward, and the probability of an insurrection as great, as tn^ are now officially represented to be. The following it given m a N. York paper, as an ett*wct of a lettor fruni an iiitfll^nt gentleman; dated Liverpool, Dec. 1, 1819. We have much confidence in its correctnesa. " TiHe ilMturlwner» hnn- now mbsidni i nti'l U *M uiMlcntooa UmI thinn urr revertuit Id diDkr unal •mitw. Th« Miuetiy Itai bi-rn m s trnlv •tuto 1 hut nil i(ks of auiy gmU potkieal tokiof phMsi'i ii leottM MooitK Uui ntioMl Thk Day, Thursday, SOth msL WILL BE 8ULD AT HajAeii & Aubin’a No. 11, Main street, All assortment cf Dry Goods, Queensware, &c. JwuDry fló, 1890.    [Partfcit/ar»    ót    W&.] tK-rn in s trnlv Ui« fHxnoubitjr t and My nprii utirmpt Silrer Plated Ware, and Faw^ Goods, at Auction. ON FRIDAY EVENING, Jan. 21lt, At seven o’cfodk, will be sold by WAXBliif & AYBW, THE RESIDUE OF STOCK, (For Current Money) Jt Store JVb, Bl, Mem Street, Without reserve, the following rich articles of Ornamental Furniture, to ^t: Silver plated Candlesticks A lynches, do. do. Bread and Cake Baskets, Cofllee and Tea Sets, Castors, Liquor Frames, Bottle Stands, Japan Waiters, Dressing Cases, Bread and Cheese Trays, Knives, Scissors, Razors, Hearth Brusl^, Watches, Watch Trimmings, &C. itc. With a variety of otiier Fancy Articles. One Superb GILT CLOCK, inns sixteen days, strikes the hour and half hour, and is warranted to perform correct time. One ditto ditto Marble ditto, Swords, Belts, Military Sashes. Dirks, Pistols, &c. &c. an. 20. T. R. & S. L. FOSDICK'S FiXCPLAXGE OFTlCEs ■Yb. 38, Main Street, CINCINNxVTI. January 1,1820._9tf SITUATlOAr WAJTTED. A person of exptrienee in Üie AUCTION AND COMMISSION bittbeas, wMies to engRge with a respeotoble house in Üús eky, either as Auetkmeer or fewk-keeper, or both. Satísfsetory references will be given, n to qunlificatiniM, Sic. Enquire at tlie Office of SAM-L. Q. RICHARDSON k R. C. PARKER, Ekis.    Jamuuy    90.    9tf BEESWAX. WILL pay Cash for any quantity of good merchantaUe BEES-WAX, delivered at their Warehouse on Front street January 18, 1820.    9tf WAOTED. THE subscribers wish to purchase a> quantity of good merchantable WHEAT, OATS, FLAX-SEED, and COBJ^-FED PORE, For which the highest market price will be paid in Cash. Apply at the Auction and Commission Store of HAYDEN & AUBIN, JV*o.ll,.4firifi St. Cincinnati, January 18,1 S'^O.    -    9 Boc.toT 3. O’FeYTaW, PROFFERS his professional services to the citizens of Cincinnati, and the inhabitants of the adjacent country. OFFICE ON THE CORNER OF Fifth Street and Western Row, Nearly opposite tlie Friends* Meeting House. , January, 1820.    9tf R. 8. WHEATLY, Has removed his LAW OFFICE to No. 8, Front atreet, 'Phree doors below the banking house of the Miami Exporting Company. He will hereafter rq^arlv attend the Courts in the counties of Butler, Warren and Clermont. January 12,1820.    8tf TOE. XOUNU liADlES. D. CATHCART respectfully informs his friends and the public, that after the 24th instant, his scWl will consist of females only; and that in oiffitioii to the branches now taught, he panoses to employ an assistant, well qualified to teach I>niwing,Pmatin^ Embroidery, Ac. Cineiiinati, January 18,1820. 8tf wuuKl, I Am    be    iiniiM-diktoiy |iut duwn by dm weightaiid»iiflunt««’Ol'Uu:iiuuntry.-miidtbe    .    ,    ID.'Xfl (tAdksW sre now quAiTclUiig aioiiig Uirmietvrt.** CHocinntti, JaflQiry IQ, SADDLING BÜ8INE88. THE suhlcriber respectfully informs hit friends and the public iv'jreneral, that he has commencea the above buainesi in its various branches at his shop, JVb. 148, Main Street, Oppoiito the First Presbyterian church, ana one door north of the Westei u office; where he liope’<, from hui prat tmn and attention to business, to share a ^ I' •'V Í-

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