Literary Cadet And Cheap City Advertiser in Cincinnati, Ohio
20 Jan 1820

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Literary Cadet And Cheap City Advertiser in Cincinnati, Ohio
20 Jan 1820

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Literary Cadet And Cheap City Advertiser (Newspaper) - January 20, 1820, Cincinnati, Ohio W'. :7'AND CHEAP CITY ADYERTISER. NO. 9.CINCINNATI, OHIO, THÜE8DAT, JANUARY 20, im VOL. I. EDITED BY JOSEPH BUCHANAN. Frinki bjf Looker»Reynolds ^ €o. No. 108, Mmd Street. TEHM8. Tu I.TTI1IAAT (Uorr k )>ulilWieil weekljr, in Cinciaittái. It contains a/oU ttattment ^ themw, with a variety of enays oa lltrmr, pcmtkal, and otliBT mbjee(»--fríncwily original. The |knee of the Canrr k onlv Sme dollar ami Jlftff cento ftr 52 nomben, if pnid bebro the paMl-eatXHi of the 14th number t oUMryke it w two dpi* Iar« paid before the 34th number m issued j or two doHars and fifiy cents, after the S8 numbers are pubihhed; but to those who pay punctnaily at the end o£ 52 nuraben, and ooutioae to be tabtaeihen, fifty cents will be remitted. AH snbaeriptions mtiit be made either indefinitely, ar by the year j and an^ indefinite subscriber will be Ht libeity to. (fisoonUnue, when ba pleaaes, on piyi^ all anrears. (j^ Advertisements will be inserted twentg per oeni. eheaper than the custxmiaty prioet^ Letoentothe editor muai ba /^hckd,aiid dktant sobseribers nuist p^ the postage oS their papers. Subseriptkms and advertisements are received at Uite printing house of Lodter, Reynolds h Co. 108, Main street { and at the bookstore of PhitUps and Hpeer, No, If, Ibin street Countiy subscribers wSl receivo their papers at Ae printing house. A revtJew. Of the l^anish documents, communicated to Congress by the. ejcecutive on the 7th uUimo. (Cooaiuded.) The treaty being ratified at Washington, by the advice and consent of the senate, we are next presented with the instructions to Mr. Forsyth, who was sent out to receive the ratification of the 'Bpanish government, and faciUtate the * arrangements for the delivery of the Floridas. What most excites our attention in these instructions, is the singular im-poriance, which is attached, in difdomatic transactions, to the privilege of being first named, and of signing first, in the execution of any instroment of writing. The emphatic lecture, which was given by Mr. AMms on this suliyect to Mr. Forsyth, sounds so curious to our republican .ears, we transcribe the whole of it as follows : ** On this occaMon, as upon all others upon which you may have occasion to execute any document, joint, or reciprocal, with a foreign minister of atate, you will be careful to preserve the right of the United States to the akemaiive of being first named, and yonr own right as their representative, to sign first in the papers eiecuted; while in tiie counterpai^ the other contracting party will be named first, and the foreign minister will first men and seal. A rigid adherence to this praetice has become necessary, because it is strictly adhered to by all the European sovereigns, in their compacte with one another j and, because the United States having sometimes forborne to claim this conventional indication of equal dignity, some appearance of a disposition to allege the pracedent against them, as affiacting their right tok, wu manifested by the Bri^h plenlpotentíaries on executing the convention of 3d July, 1815, and Mi% do Onis, at the drawing up and signing ef this treaty, llie scruple was, however, in both cases abandoned, and the right of the United States to the alteroatrve was conceded. It is not expected that it will hereafter be questioned, and joQ will consider it asa standing instrnction to abide by it In the execution of any hsatniment of compact, which, as a pnmic minister of the United States, you may be called to sign.*’ l%e next important mcument, is a letter oh the 10th of Marchv from Mr. Adams to Don Onit, relucting the Spanish grants in the Floriiias. It wat caused, as we have umieritood, by information, obtained and communicated by a prominent western member of conmsi, that ^ the laiwe grants, already named, had bien made prior to the S4th Jan. 1818, and were consequently not kanulied by the 8th article of the treaty on toat lutject. Mr. Adams alleges in this letter to the Doo,that the grante to Alagoo, Peaon-fostro, and Vargta»" were known to the government of the United Stotet wity fr&m rumor, without the knowMgt of Mr date»,-* and calls upon him to My, whether it waa not explicitly underttood hilWMffl them, that the dates of those qplre fubseqoont to that fixed in f' and jtMlv toet ware at all : AcaB to tho imad^^ m Wench toin> ivttto, who had'hion pfi^y to tlielHgMion. Tbit both raplted that such was tito understkdtog. But was it right for Mr. AéuM to becMtonil wUh this private understanding between them I Should nod those grants have been individually named, or such an artkls inserted, as would have left no ro0m for under-standings and miseonstnicttoas ? Was not the circumstance, that in on% of the copies of tiioe^ranteprscured and transmitted by Mri iSrving, there was a statement, that the older for its duo execution had been given to the council of Indies to De-ccml^, I81f, sufficient to put the secretary on his guard f Mr. For^th is then instructed, at the exchange of the ratifications, to present a declaration, that among the grants annulled in the trea^, it was the full and clear understanding of the plenipotentiaries, that those to Alogon, Punonrostro, and Varras were included; and that they would be considered by the United States as annulled. Next in order of time, we have several communications between Mr. Forsyth and the SpíMiish minister, dated at Madrid in May and June, the former calling for, and the latter putting oflf, the ratification. In one of fiiem Mr. F. addresses the Spanish minister in a style, which is neither very gentlemanly nor politic, and for which he received a handsome repii-mand from the Spaniard; but in his subsequent comm nicaBons, he displayed more the style of an American diplomatist ~^lished, dignified and spirited. The Spanish government on the 10th of August, mentioned its intention of sending a minister to America, for explanations: Mr. Forsyth offered to explain^ bis offer was not accepted ; but the projected misMon (with a view to delay) was persisted in, and defended. Mr. F. tiien gave notice torraally, that the ratification not having taken place witliin the time limited, the 3^ of August, the United States would insist upon and prosecute all claims and pretensions which they had waived in the trea^. On the 18th of Aumist, after despatches had been received from Mr. Forsyth, infonning of the non ratification of tne treaty at a late period, Mr. Adams wrotetomm toinfonn the Spanish court, that if the treaty were yet ratified, though the time fixed foi* thie ratification had elapsed, it would be accepted as tending; but that if it were not ratified, Spain would be held responsible for the conse- rmces to the United States; and for indemnities, to which they would be justly entitled, they would look to the territory west of the Sabine. In this letter, Mr. Adams enters into a long ai|pi-ment to prove the obligations of Spain, in honor, justice, and interest, to ratify the treaty; which .Don Onis, he tells os, not only had toll power, but instructiom to conclude. On the latter point, the instructimie, his words m^e remarkatee, and strongly corroborate our opinion, that these matters liave been misnuinaged 1^ the administration ; and that Spain tekl no expectation of obtaining such favorable terms. ** It is too well known, says Mr. Adams, and they will not dare to deny it, that Mr. Onis* last instructions authorised him to concede much more than he did.,^thsi both in relation to the grante of Umds in Florida, and to the western boundary, the terms which he obtained were FAR WITHIN the limits of his instmctions^lThe government of the United States indeed considered the moderation and generosity of the terms, to which they had acceded, as a pledge that they would be received with pnds and joy by the Spanish govemment. And so, it will not be denied, they were in the first Instance received by the king and his cabinet. If, afterwards, from me unexpected ejptent of saeriflces, which the United Main made, for purposes of conciliation and sincere amity, Spain has drawn the inference, tliat this temper may bo trifled with, and abused, it is proper, and will be jtist, that the should be efibctually undeceived.’* Here then is a plain acknowl-odgement aikt contirmatidn of what we have always said on this sul^ect-^fAaf Rpain never haj^ to obtain such terms as were granten in the treaty, or site would not tuve authorised her minister to Mcetle to them; for tho gifat point in her\^icv is to    -Mtdeinont    of thtae dikrenerti *f1to rest of this long letter of Mr. Adams to Mr. For-syla, Ig taken ite shewing that from wA ineideate of th« negoclation, and fipflni too artiele in the treaty itself, there ia Q# tovnditio», neither in good faith and fairdealing, nor in the letter ef the article, for a pretence that the grants to Alagon, Punonrostro, and Yaigas, were not annulled by the treaty, and that it ought not to M ratified by Spain with that construction pat upon it. The tact setems tobe, that me letter of the article will admit the confirmation of those ^nte; Imt hi giving it that construction, me Spanisli government is practising, in the words of Mr. Adams ** a disingenuous, double-dealing systerti of treadiery, paltering with its own engagements, and spreading snares for the generous confidence of good faith.*’ He conclndes with instructing Mr. Forsyth to demand the ratification of the treaty immediately, giving notice that a delay of more than a week will be considered a refusal. When this letter from Mr, Adams was received, Mr. F. made such a communication as it required to the Spanish minister ; in reply to which, he was informed, toat tbc difliculty and delay, as hail been supjposed, arose out of the 8th article, which tlie Spanish government considered as annulled, by me declaration of tlie American government concerning ite meaning; and tiiat for reasons assigned by the minister, his government was not bound to ratify, but stHl had liberty to exercise its discretion, especially after such a declaration had been made. As to the obligation to ratify, which was deduced from tlie treaty having been made in conformity with the instructions to Don Onis ; the minister evaded it, by affecting to consider it very improper and impertinent on our prt, toprcteud to a knowledge of those instructions. Uie expedition to Texas is also assigned as a fact, which strengthens the other reasons for delay : and the determination to send a minister to Washington is again declareil. Tim concludug documents are despatches from Mr. Rush, at the British court, communicating the inforinatioti, that tlie British government was in favor of a ratification, and had made known its wishes to the court of Spain; and that Don Onis, while in England, unequivocally declared, that the treaty was concluded in conformity with his instructions. NAVIGATION THE OHIO. When we noticed this suteect last week, we attributed the origin of the measures, which are now in progression, principally to Mr. Jeremiah Neave, a citizen 01 tins place. We are now informed, however, that although Mr. N. may have been an early projector and advocate of the plan, winch has been pursued, there are others, to whom, much credit is due, fur their ^ncy in the business, at the period of <its inception. A senator from this county, in the legislature of Ohio, was the author of the resolutiuns adopted in 1817; and we are assured that the plan waa entirely or^al with liim,' whatever may have been uie cotemporaueous opinions and suggestions of other persons. We have thought that it would not be uninteresting to our readers, to submit a few extracts from the journal of the senate at that period. In th' sitting of Dec. 27,1816—" Mr. Looker moved the following resolution, which was agreed to. Resolved, That a committee of three members on the part of the senate be appointed, to act jointly with such committee as may be appointed by the house of representatives, to take into consideration the pnmriety of applying to tiie legislatures 01 the states of Pennsylvania, Virginia, Kentucky and Indiana, relative to improving the navigation of the Ohio river from Pit^urgh to Louisville, including the falls of sakl river, and likewise the manner of wch application; to report to their respective houses.*’ On the 7th of Jan, 1817—Mr. Looker of the joint conmittee on the navigation of the ()hio rival', reported as follows: "The joint conmittee to whom was referred toosute^ of ininruolni the navi- Stion of tito Ohio river, half considered i same, and are fatly Msaadnf toat toe time hat arrived when^ stataa ber-dering on (his noble itotr,are imperiaasly callea cm by their interest promptly to unite their exertions to rapnavc the graat obstacles to western comircf, and • ia toe opinna of yonr coinmitteé Ilia prp**-latien and fiscal abilities of thif Itíéte warrant the measure. By toason Of toa losses have been toip bmlders, so that this valuable and important business has nearly been hid aswe as respects the largur cfass of vessels. The necessity of umading the steam boats and laiger barges at times in the descending course, and almost every vessel in the ascending navigation, calls loudly for immediate exertion. At a time when the surplus productions of our soil are so abundant and constaoBj increasing, and the enterprise ctf our citizens has already carried our produce to Europe thereby establishing that most important and valuable source of excharige; under these circumstances to slumber any longer, would betray a disregard to me best interests of the community, or a want of discernment to discover the advantages brought within our reach by a bountSiil Providence; your committee therefore recommend the adoption of the following resolutions: Resolved by the General Assembly of the iitate of Ohio, That the following propositions be made to the Ic^Statures of the states of Pennsylvania, Virginia, Kentucky, and Indiana, viz. lliat each of the above states choose one commissioner who shall meet the commissioners of the several states, at a time and place to be mutually a^eed on, in order to proceed to the town of Pittsburgh to examine the obstructions in the ffliio river, especially tlie rapids and fklls thereof, noting toe severa impediments and the probable expense that will attend their removal; and in an especial manner to survey the falls of Ohio at Louisville, and examine on which side of said falls a canal and locks can be most conveniently made; or whether siMiie other expedient may be resorted to; and to make an estimate of the «penses which attend the making such improvement»: and as soon as they have completed the survey and estimates as aforesaid,toey toall transmit a copy thereof to the executives of the sevenii states who are the parties to this compact, to be laid before their respective legplatures; and the governor of toia state is luN-iAy requested to continue the correspondence until the result of their deliberations shall be known, and communicate the same frmn time to time to the legislature of this state. Resdved, That if the states aforesaid shall agree to unite in the improvement of the navigation as aforesaid, then and in that case, the faith of this state is hereby pledged to provide funds to cover its proportion of the expense of the undertaking. Resolved, That toe senators and representatives from this state in tlie congress of the United States be requested to use their best endeavors in the event of the creation of a fund for internal improvements, to procure a portion thereof for the above purpose. Resolved, ITiat his excellency the governor be requested to forward a copy of these resolutions to the executive of each of the states aforesaid, with a request tliat tlie same be laid before their resp^t-ive legislatures; and also one copy thereibf to ea^ of our senators and represenlia-tives in the congress of the U. States.” The report dr the commissioners, ap-pointed by Pennsylvania, Oliio, Viiginia, and Kentucky, in conset|uence of these i*esolutions, has lately beeivlaid before the public. Although our readers may already hare seen it in other papers, yet from its importance, we think proper to put the principal parts of it, at least, upon record in tne columns of the Capet. I'he following extracts are deemed suflMcut- " In making a detail ánd a partioolif te-port of the impediménte to the navigation, the commissioners refer tp the drafts and ilots hereirith exhibited. ITic notes and acts there stateif, it «:^med uuneces-sary^ embody in any iSror form. " Un considering the ¡«petliineiite to tho navimition of the Ohto Wiver, jgenerally, it Will be seen, that they consist princi-»lly ia bars formed of gravel. Solid eilges of rocks are, however, found In tome places, extending across the bed of toe rivw, and presenting impediment» dlfllcult and expensivetol their remav|l. Betached rocks are scattered in every part of the nver, forming very serious impiMlimeiite to the desf endii^ noviga-tion; but    fiteulatpd,and ral not attechoil to t|0 bottom. though thfir number is cuffiddernblE, ft it ntft anticiptted (bat the expeoM of their r^Ovit wift ho great impediments at the falte, tiwe some b- FtfejW ;iudmniany tasteticet whfl^e MtoMllI tootr note and hriiich^ -..1^

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