Page 1 of 10 Feb 1820 Issue of Literary Cadet And Cheap City Advertiser in Cincinnati, Ohio

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Literary Cadet And Cheap City Advertiser (Newspaper) - February 10, 1820, Cincinnati, OhioAND CHEAP CITY ADVERTISER. NO. IS.CINCINNATI, OHIO, THUHBDAY, FEBBUAHY 10, 18S0. VOL. I. BDI'IED by JOSEPH BUCHANAN. PritUed by Lookert Reynolds 4* Co. No. 108, Main Street. TERMS. Tbx LrriRAitT Cadbt it published weekly, in Cincinnati. It contains a full ttiUemeTit of thenevm, with a vai4ety oT eas^s on literaiv, pomical, and other iubj<»ta-H>rinc^ffy origimU. The price ot the Cabbt is only one doSar and £ftu cenit for 52 numbers, if paid before the pnbli-eatKMi of the l^h number: otherwise k is two dollars paid before the 3*tii number is issued} or two dollars and fitly cents, aSier the 52 numbers are piblished^ but to those who pay punctually at the epd of 59 numbers, and oontinae to be subeeribers, ceoU will be remitted. All subaoriptions must be made either indefinkel^. or by the year { and an^ indefinite subscribor will be at liberty to diaeonUuue, when he pleases, on payinf all arrears. 03» Advertisements will be inserted twenty per eent. cheaper than the customary pricM. Lettcia to the editor must be pottpmd^d distant nbseribers must pay the postage os then* papers. Subswiptlons and advertiac^ts are reoeivéd at ^ printing house of Looker,'Reynolds he Co. IOS, Mam street I and at the bookstore of Philip and Speer, No. 17, Main atreet Countiy subscribers will receive their papers at the printing house. DEFERRED MEMOIRS. ConorbsSjH.R.—On the I4th Dec. Mr. William», of N, C. offered a re»oitition, requesting the president to cause to be laid before me house, any information he may possess respecting certain executions or other punisnments, witich may have been inflicted in the army, since the rear 1815, contrary to the laws and regulations for its government. The principal case, whiai Mr. Williams had in view, was the execution of a deserter, under the arbitrary orders of Col. King, when left in command at Pensacola, without pving him a trial, or having any legal authority to inflict the punishment. Our readers will recollect the circumstances which were published at the time in the newspapers. The reaolution Df Mr. W. Mve rite to some interesting debate. The toecial friends of the president took tiie uarm, lest he should in aome way be implicated, at least by the inference that he IUMÍ not been sufficiently vigilant and prompt in reforming and punishing the abuses of the army. They alleged that the call for information would be improper, as a court martial had actually been oñlered on Col. King, who would be tried and punished Ire a 1^1 tribunal, if he was guilty. Mr. Floyd of Va. expressed bis belief tliat the proceedings of the court were already before the president, and would soon 6e made public, and in l^ opinion the call should Jd least be delayed, till that had taken (dace. But on the other side, it was insisted, that the house ouglit to be o£kiall¡i informed on the sulqect; and not only m the case of Col. King, but respecting many other cases also, in which it was alleged that illegal puDishments had been arbitrarily inflicted. Several members stated their information from the most authentic sources, that the officers of the army were in tiie constant practice of inflicting corporal (Minishments, by ihe lash and otherwise, contrary to the laws and reflations now in force; and if this were the case, the house ought to know the facts, and provide by law to reform such intolerable abuses. The resolution was finally a dopted, without a vote against it. On the'Sth Jan. a Communication was received from the president in answer to this resolation,enclosing a statement from the aecretary at war, wiffi aeveral other documents; from which it appears, that as soon as ioformatíon was received at ^e war department of the order issued by Cob Kii^ lo fhéot down dmrtertf if found within the limits of Florida, he was required te report ail the circumstencee of the cate—tnat he acknowledged issuing such an order, but denied tnat any execution had taken place under it, while he remained in command, stating at the name tirootimt his successor continued •<he erder,eiid tint under him one deserter had been shot A court martial wu o^ dered to trr Col. King, which was atill sitting on m 4th Dec. in Alebama. In •relation to other executions and punish-meota illefliy inflicted, the war department had inroruMtioti of uvtml whip-pingSj by the eenteneee of courts martial, wHteh were confirmed, one of them by tvcn. Gaines in Feb. 1816, and the others by Oen. Macomb after the peace—and else of whippinga at Weit. Pumt, wHheut trial, during the laat yeáif for whtdi flie officer in command wte reprimnnfied, and snch proceedlnga foHdddin hy thttiNln •f the preahleol. Slave Traded—A call was made on the secretary of the treasunr, by the nonsc of representatives, for information rela* tive to the illicit introduction of slaves into the United States j in answer to which, the secretary on the 11th Januaty communicated a number of documents, consisting of letters, and extracts of letters, from the collectors and naval officers of the Southern ports. From these documents, it appears, that the smuggling of slaves into me United States, imrticularly m Georgia, liOuisiana, and Mississippi, has been carried on to a considerable extent of late years, both in African and West India negroes; and that the laws of the states, and the local authorities, have rather thrown obstacles in the way of its suppression, than contributed their resources in aid of the general government. Not being acquainted, neither with the national nor state laws, on this subject, we do not veiy well understand the nature and extent of the complaints, matfo by the collectors, against the state r^Qlations, and the conduct of the state officers; but it seems, that the efforts made to suppress the trade, and prevent amusing, have in this way been very mucff embarrassed. None of the complaints, however, bear a later date than 1818: nor is there any evidence of attempts made since that year to carry on tliis illicit trade. LiTERíRT INTELLIOEÍÍCE^PrOpOSals have lately been issued by S. G. Goodrich, of Hartford, Conn. for publisiiing by subscription, an elegant edition of the poetical works of John Trumbull, L. L. D. consistiag of M*FingaL a modem epic poem, with copious explanatory notes; Tfee Progress of Dulne^s, revised and corrected; and several smaller pieces, before published; also many pieces never yet published, and an Original Menmt of the Authorn This editiou is prepareii for the press ^ Jud^e Trumbull himself, under whose immediate direction U is to bé published, and who is interested nn its success. The merit of the pieces, which have heretofore been published, is well known and oniver^lly acknowledged; and it is said, that the new pieces, which are now for the first time to be published, are not inferior in (mint of originality and interest, to any thing which the public have seen from the pen of their oistin-guished author. ITiis edition will be embellished with a (mrtrait of the author, and four superior (mp(>erplate illustrations (mm original designs. It is to be published in two octavo volumes of ¿20 each, in the best style of American typography, and to be delivered iu boards at 50 per volume. In the eastern papers,an appeal is made to tiie liberality and (latriettc feelings of the community in fcivoi'of this undrtaking. The author, after devoting many years of his life to the (mbiic service as a judge of the supreme court in Connecticut, now finds himself left, at the age of ?9, to suffer all the evils of indigence upon his retirement from the public sta^. Tlie merit of his works, however, coiñbined with the period of their origin, and the service they rendered at that time to our cause, should alone entitle them to the most liberal (latmnage. His most celebrated jperfohn-ance is the mock heroic ()oem MFingak the humor and satire of which had a very favorable influence on th« exertions of our forefathers in the war of the revolution. Perhaps no other writings,at that eventful ' crisis,had a more powerfol effect in checking the des()ondency and raising the spirits of the people, if we except the admirable prose essays of the celebrated, but erratic Thomu Paine, to whose pen the cause of liberty it so much indebted in ill ?irts of the civiUxcd worid. As Judge rumbttll is one of the earliest poets, who have obtained distinction in America, so is he unquestionably one of the greatest. In point of genius and learning, he hu had among hit countrymen but few equals —4n wit and humor, perh^ none. Aimournxs or the Wxaraaif Covm-TAT^The Anurican Antiqgariafl Society are now publishing a volume of Trantac-tloqi, contaimnc among other things, *08-•trr^fofis oi fils renutint of JnR^ity finmi 1m Ohio and the Wevtem % CÁLIB Atwater, a Ctnmselhr f^ the SockN^ tfis state of Ohiof* Tlib ar. ticla tt accompanied oy upwaris of 80 drandnp of ancient works, &c. laid down foom iefoil svrveyr among which are plats tf the ancient work at me foUowifig places, viz.—at Newark, at Marietta, a plat Of the stone fort in Perry county, the works at Circleville, those on the north fork of Pdnt creek,the stone fort 11 miles west of Chillicothe on the main branch of Paint creek; those celebrated works near Bainbridge; those near Piketon; the works near Portsmouth; and a plat of the ^arge forts, &c. on the Little Miami: Also, a laigc Map of the State of Ohio. Besides these, there are three drawings, representing idoi.s found in tumuli in Tennessee; and which are now placed in the collectipn of Mr. John D. Clifford, of Lexington, Ky. There are plates too, representing the sculls of the people buried in the mounds,the tools ana ornaments used by that people; the urns in which their fomes were sometimes deposited, after being burnt on a funeral pile. Plates representing their weapons of offence ana defence, and a variety of other things used by that ancient (icopie. These refwesentations are accurately drawn, and have been engraven on copper by the first artists in the Atlantic cities. Ihe work (we are told) will be ready to deliver to its patrons in April next fhe volume will be a good sized 8vo. on the best of paper, anif elegantly bound. Its price we have not yet learned; but from the great number of plates, the quality of the paper,the manner of binding the work, &c. it must necessarily come high. The author of this work his been assisted in his researches by many of the most intelligent citizens of this and the adjmning states, who have, with zeal, devoted themselves to the investigation of so abtruse a sutyect Among whom we may mention Samuel P.Hildreth,M.D.— Rev. Jos^ Dotldrige—J. Johnson, Esq. —A. H. Caflee, Esq.^9amuel Williams, Esq.—RosWeli Mills, Esq.—^Hon. John M*Lean, Esq.—Mr. James Abbot—Mr. Joel Wright—Daniel Drake, M. D,— Robei-t Wilson D. D.—Gen. Robert Lucas—Mr. John D. Clifford, of Lexington, Ky—C. S. Rafinesque, Esq. of Transylvania University, Ac. Ac. From such sources is this work derived. W’ith a knowledge of this foct, it is hardly necessary to add, that the utmost confidence may be placed in the correctness of any statement of facts contained in their communications concerning our antiquities. Will not the peo[de of Ohio patron tse this undertaking ? The following account of an extraordinary duplicate child, or rather of two children growing together, is taken from the Lexington Advertiser, and may be relied upon as substantially correct. ITiey are living in Woodford connty, not many miles from Lexington. Martha Ann and Mary Jane, were born September 22d, 1819; the former is amal-ler, and remained in a state of apparent death for three quarters of an hour, when she was revived by the vigorous circulation of her sister. These children are oined together at the back below the loins; lefore, the junction is fleshy, behind, bony —having ffieir bodies and faces placed half side ways towards each other. From their connection upwards they are perfectly formed, and have lower extremities similar to other children, but only one extremity of each child will be employed in walking, viz. the externabas flie other two are smaller, and the feet point rather backwards. One child cries while the other is asleep. They are sprightly and intelligent of their ages ana give every indication of Irving. They excite the commisseration of ffiose who have visited themiimoDg whom are several physicians, who almost unanimously declare that any surgical operatfoato separate them, wouli) prove immediately, or ultimately fatal. A case verjr analogoti to the preceding, if contained in Rom’ Cyclopeedia—Fhe celebrated Hungarian mters who were born in Saxony In 1701, and exhibited in Englawi and difihreiit parts of Europe, attained to the um of tt. Their ooanection strictly retemUed that of Mar^ Ann and Mary Jane—Iheir intellectual powers and wills were \1Uforent, they were agreeable and well bred, could read, writo and ling very prottily and could apeak tho Hingtriaa, Freiitn, German and Rn-glish UregttM. Thay were separately •ttickod wtti I dMhrent diai'ases-^uditli being often convulnid, while Helen re-matned free foom indiipoiition t they however^ mot fortunately dped together. We have received information from a res])ectable source, says the Zanesville £xpress,that a very valuable Platina Mine has been discovered in the vicinity of Athens, Ohio, The ore is said to be very near the surface of the earth.    ' A valuable copper and silver mine has lately been discovered, it is said, on the Wabash, near Tip()acanoe.—300 pounds of copper and 400 of silver were dug in one day. A gale at New-York, on the 17th ult did great damage, tide rose so high that boats (lassed through some of the streets. Considerable property was destroyed on the wharves, and tiie shipping materially injured. A pamphlet has been published in Europe, recommending to me Jews to form a colony in the United States. The Treasurer of Virginia, J. Preston, has been using the public money, so that there is a deficit of a laige amount—one account says, of S101,000! He has addressed a letter to the legislature, giving it to understand, that the deficit has been caused by his having been involved by individuals. There is some difficulty witn the Register of the Land-Office. A resolution W passed the house of delegates directing his bond to be sued. 'Hie legislature of South Carolina has establish^ a board of Public Works, with liberal powers to superintend the public improvement* of the state, and direct the attention of the legislature to otjects of utility. 'Fhe committee on Banks, has reported that the afikirs of the State Bank have been well conducted, that the maintaining of the credit of a Bank and its bills, must be a primary object, and the making laige dividends a secondaiy one. The report complains of the United States Branch Bank—and recommends a state issue of 6 per cent stock, redeemable in 21 years—interest p^able quarterly. 'Fhe government of Gcoma is taking steps favorable to a Canal Trom the Ai-tamaha to the 'Fnrtle and Sapelo rivers and to form new commercial towns at each of the latter. The legislature of North Carolina adjourned on Christmas-day, having passed 49 acts of a puWc, and 96 of a private nature. Among tile former, was an act ap-pro(}riating the proceeds of the sales of the whole of the lands lately acquired by treaty from the Cherokees, as a fund for internal improvements,under the management of a board of commissioners consisting of the governor for the time being, as president, and six other gentlemen. Mhv~¥ork CaimA—Gov, Clinton in his late speech says, w miles of this canal have been completed. 'Fhe western section, which has been commenced, wilt be 163 miles; but it will not be more expensive than the eastern. The whole ex-(lense he estimates at R4,000,000; and says the work may be completed in 5 years. Hydraulic A/oriar—•The princi|)al ingredient of this cement, usecl in the con-straction of locks for tiiiiis, was formerly procured from abroad at great expense, mit is now procured in great abundance from a sfiecies of limestone dispersed over the whole of New-York. Savings Bank.—In this institution, at New-York, upwards of gl50,000 have been depositen in small sums, by the poorer class of citbens, who draw an interest of 5 per cent clear of costs, and may draw out their principal at any time. It has had a veiy salutary influence in the promotion o(iDdustry,fhigality and retrenchment, and of good morals and the comfort of families generally. Mig^t not an institution of this kina be veiy advanta(p* ously established in Cincinnati ? A new mode of lighting puMic buildings has beeeh diicovtred in Scotland. At Dumfries the * Methodist Chapel is brilliantly and beautifully lighted with gas, at a trifling expenae. The apparatua cost only 16 pounds.’’ Paper from sea-weed.—-A patent for five yeara has been granted in Denmark to the inventor of a new mode of makii^ paper, namely, if the sea-weed. Thia paper is said to 1^ whiter and stronger than other paper, and, at the same timeb chMocr. Juine^The Pfople of Maine have accepted the •constitution recently agreod !^I0& by the conveation, yeas ^ays ifS. The votes were counted by tiie conventien re-assembled» and before they seperated,tite members agreed unani* •Mosly to npport Gem Wm. King •• Em tint gomnor ef Maiie.

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