Page 1 of 3 Feb 1820 Issue of Literary Cadet And Cheap City Advertiser in Cincinnati, Ohio

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Literary Cadet And Cheap City Advertiser (Newspaper) - February 3, 1820, Cincinnati, Ohio ? ------- mmAND CHEAP CITY ADTERTISER. NO. Í1. CINCINNATI, OHIO, IDAY, FESRCART 3, 1830. TOL. I. EOtTEt) BY JOSEPH BtTCHANAN. FriitUd ly Laaktr, BtftioUt ^ Ct. No. 106, Main Street. taíí». TERMS. Tkb LmtART Ciorr k publMted weekly, b Cmelnmti. It eontalu ajitff vmmera ^th$item, with » nrie^ of etsi^'i oa Ikenuj, poUtiealy «nd •ther mxhjetVt^inc^Og srigimU. The price or the Cadkt k otilv me dtUar and ffip ctfUt for 59 numbert, if peid before the pwbli-mOÍrk/ the Hfo nnmbert otherwise it k two dot» kn paid before tb« 34th Dumber IrkMKd; or two dbOars «nd fifty cents, ilkr the 58 nombers arc psAdkbed t but to those who pay punetoally at the fwt of ffi Bumbers, and eontloue to bt subscribers, ññx cents will be remitted. All sobserlptions must be made either indeflnHied^ or by the year { and any indefinite subseriber will be at Ifoetty to dkeontiiwe, when he pfoosea, on piqrloi ail aneart. g^AdTertkementi wfll be inocrted tmntp per cent, cheaper foan the cuotomary pricM. Letters to the edkor must beWosdj and distant stthaoribers raiuC pay the posti^F <» papen. Subseriptiens and advertkemenls are twowved at the pifoting house of Looker, Reynolds b Co. 108, Main street; and at the bookstore of Phillips and SpsHMr, No. 17, Main stbeet Countrv subseribcrt wiU reeehre-their papers at the prfotmg boose. FROM LATE PARIS PAPERS. On Monday the S9th November, the ' knif went in state to the chamber of deputies, to onen the session of 1819. He was attenaed br Monsieur the dukes of Angoulemeand BerryJ^rince Talleyrand, Marshals Davoust, Boumonvine,Macdon-aid, and Ra^sa, and a number of other distin^ished personages. His majesty was received mth strong marks of approbation, and proceeded to address the assembly as follows: “ Gentlemen—-The first wish of heart, in appearing again amongst you, is to acknow edge the bTessings which providence has been pleased to b^ow upon as, and those which it permits os to hope for. ** My family is encreased; and 1 may hope that my remaining wishes may bt accomplished. Fresh supports of mjr , house will form new lies between it and Jiy people. ^ " ' •Ourfriendly relations with the different states of the two worlds, founded on the intimate union of the sovereigns, and on the prinriple of a mutual independence, continue to form the pledge of a long peace. “ By the happy result of my negotiations with tl)e Holy See, our principal churches are no longer deprived of ministers. The presence of the bishops in tlieir diocesses, will establish order in all parts of the ecclesiastical administiation; they will there propagate the respect due to our holy religion, and to the law of the state. We shall preserve untouched the Hbertiea of our church. 1 shall hear the prayers of the faithful; I shall consult their wants and their resources, before 1 propose to you the measures which the restoration of the worship of our ancestors may still require. ** Two years of abundance haye repaired, in part, the evils of scarcity. Agri-cultnre has made a sensible progress; all branches of industry have taken a new r* ig; the fine arts continue to adorn illustrate France. I have collected round me their numerous productions.— 'ñie same advantage has been given to the useful arts. Public admiration has equally encouraged them. The llbeiation of our soil, and more favorable times, have pgrmitted us to employ ourselves in the amelionUion of our nnances. I have ordered that there shall be laid before you the state of the public chaiges, as well as toe means of meeting them; and I have the satisfaction to announce to you, that the foresiglit of the legislature hat not been deceived by pressing and accidental wants. No new debt wifi be created for the next year. Already considerable relief has been afforded to those who contribute to the public burthens. The reduction of the moet heavy taxes will not be retarded longer than tlie discharge of the extraordinary debts,contracted by (he state, may require. “ The jaws Imve been every where executed kith rar.ility,und in no part has the nuUic tranquillity been materially dis-nirbed. Under these circumstances, and with a view to remove more effectually th^recolle^^ of past evils, 1 have tho^t the acts of ciernen-^ V rendociiiaiion. I have placeil no againil them toan those whidi a£o interpQa«d.by the national fecl-ingAnd ét dign^ of the crown. ** Still, in tot miaatof toese elements of public proipcrity. lauwet eonceal from you, tlifttjuat causes of alarm mingle with our hop^^ and demand at tliis time most serious attention. ** A restlessness, vague, but real, sesses all minds i every one now detmÍ! pledges of a permanent state of thingj The nation has but an impertoct taste o the first fruits of legal rule and of pwceÁ it fears to see them snatched from it b f toe violence of factions; it it alarmed i t their ardor for domination; it ia terrifiefi it toe open expression of their designs The fears of aU, the wishes of all, poi«| o«t the necessity of some new miarante^ of tranquillity and stability, labile cr^ dit waits for it as the signal to rise; coiij-merce to extend its speculations. I|i short, France, in order to be süre of hej-self, in oixler to resume among nations the rank which she ought to occupy for h^r own and their advantage, has need of having her coHstitntion placed out of tl reach of those shocks, which are the mo dannrous the oftener they are repeat ** Under this conviction, 1 have turned my attention to those ideas w already 1 bad wished to realize, but w ou^ to be matured by experience, a caUed for by necessity. Tm founder the charter, with which are insepairal connected the destinies of my people, a of my family, I felt that if there were apy improvement which was retired by the^e g^t interests, as well as for the maintenance of our liberty, and which would merely modify some of the regulatiag forms of the charter, in order the better to ensure its power and its operation, it belonged to me to propose sudi improvement. ** The moment is come for strengthening toe Chamber of Deputies, and for withdrawing from it the annual action of parties, by ensuiing to it a duration more confonnable to the interests of public order, and to the external dignity of the state; this will be toe completion of my work. More fortunate than other states, it is not from proviaionil measures, but from the natural develnpement of our in-stitutions,lhat we shall derive our strength. " It is from toe devoted zeal; it is from the cnei^ of the two Chambers; it is from tlieir close union wito my government, that 1 would ask the means of saving the pblic liberty from licentiousne^ of establishing the monarchy, and of giving to all the interests guaranteed by the charter, that profound security which we owe them. ** We shall at the same time undertake the task of making all our laws harmonize with the constitutional monarchy. You have already adopted several which have this tendency; and I have given direc-tiona for the preparation of otoers, which will ensure individual liberty, impaHiali-ty of trials, and a regular arm foithfal administration througnout all de^rtments and distriets. “ Providence has imposed on me the duty of closing the abyss of revolutions; of bequeathiog to my successors, to my country, institutions that are liberal,firmly established, and duraMe. You are as^ sembled for this sacred pui pose. In order to accomplish it, rely, gentlemen, on my unalterable firmness, as I rely on the cooperation of my faithful and loyal Peers of France; of my faithful and loyal deputies of toe deportments.’’ When the king had concluded his speech, the chancdlor announced, that his miqesty would receive the oatJis of any of the new peers or deputies who were-present The list of new peers and deputies was then called over by the minister; Count De Case, and such as were present, rose in their places and took the oaths. It was generally known that the Ahbe Gregoire had resolved not to brave the sijgmficant intimation which had been given him, by toe omission to send him toe usual letter of invilation. Not only was he absent from the sitting, but the name of the mi diBemt Deputy of toe Iscre was omitted in calling over (ho list, according to the alpliabetical order, 'fhis circumstinee did not escape the observation of the asaembly, who listened with extreme anxiety from the end of the names which began with F, to those wha had tot latter L, for their initial. Afbr tois ctremony of swearing, the' king withdrew, and the sitting broki^ up. Correct smftoiaiit.»—In all things 'mistakes are excusable; but an error toat proceeds from any good priiu iple, leaves no room for resentmast. M18S0UBI AND MISSISSIPPI EXPEDITIONS. TIue propriety and utefolness of these expeditioos, sad particularly of that destined for toe mouth of the Yeliow Stone river on the Missouri, have been doubted by many intelligent persons, even in the western country, where it might be expected they would be moet popular. We nave ourselves been among the number of doubters, and are happy to find, that some irf our o^ections to tne Missouri jprcject, may prokeMy prove unfounded. The expense of sucn distant and difficult move-mente, was one great cause of ofcnection; ami altbou^ we are not enabled, by toe documents wito which we have been favored in tbe Intelligencer, to form any decisive opinion on this head, yet it appears prroable, that the expense will not be as great as we anticipated. ' The editors of tbe Intelligencer inform us, that according to a part of the documents, which they have not thought proper to publish, it is estimated, toat tbe a^regate expense of all the projected movements and establishments on the Missouri and Mississippi, will be g42,000 less than the expense of the same troops would be, for the period of four years, if they had remained at their former stations! This may probably prove true; and if it does, it will certainly be no argument in favor of the prudent and economical administration of the army in garrison. If troops can be moved from Detroit, Phitfa-bnrg, New-York and Philadelphia, to such remote points on the Missouri and Mississippi, carrying with them the necessary ordnance, arms, ammunition, provisions, &x. at less expióse than they lave been, or would be, maintained in garrison, it certainly aigues a very great improvement in the adufinistration of their affairs. It proves either, that the business is badly managed in garrison, or that the quarter master general his very much economised the expenditures of an army in motion. He accounts for it by stating it to be ** in conseouence of their having provided boats, hiel, quarters, &c. without expense to tbe government” But althouRn the expensé (d* their movements might be thus reauced, we cannot see how it could be rendered less than the garrison expense should be. It is only, however, on the Mississippi that a saving has yet taken placi: and it is admitted, that tlie expense on the other river, exceeds that of the same troops in garrison; and toat the a^p^regate expense of toe whole thus far, is consklerably greater than it would have been, if these expeditions had not been commenced. The saving anticipated in the first four years from the commencement, is to be pro<iu-ced by arrangements already made for the supply of a part of the provisions, all the forage, fuel, and quarters, and, after the next year, toe greater part of the transportation, by tite troops themselves, at but trifling expense to toe public.” The quarter master general commences his report oh this subject, by stating (hat, several of the accounts connected wjto the movements on the Missouri, have not yet been received; particularly that of ool. James Johnson, who was employed as a transporter of troops, provisions and stores. But on toe moat liueral estimate, he is eunvinced •* tliat the whole expense of the movmerU for the present year, including üU toe supplies uimisheil by the quarter master's department, cannot ex-ceetl one hundred & sixty three thousand dollaie.” Afterwards he teils us, that from "a statementof the expense incurred by the movement on 4he Missouri,” which accompanies his report, but which haanot been publtilicd in the Intelligencer, it will be seen, ** that the two regiments have cost sixty four thousand two hundred and twenty six dollars more than they would have cost, had th^ remained at Uieir original itatiut».” Tnii we presume ia pr^icated ou the supposition,that the whole expense pf iHoreiwení, will not exceed, when the accounts of col. JohiiHon are rendered, more than SI63^DO. We have to regret that the stateittBts of the expensea incurred, as submitted l^ the quarter master general, toglllier witii his estimates of the expenaee to tie Incurred hereafter, liave not been pnbfodtad. xWithout toenn we can only discover, thai^tlare will {wobnbly in the end be ifo ejfm ex-p«‘nse pmduccd by these mowemefáA The following is a briof statement rd’ tlie movements intended to he made, atad vf the works to be performed, by tlie truojis through the ensuing three years, viz. It proposed to move toe rifle regimcrnt from the Council Bluffs, it* present position, to thP Mmdan Fi/ia«s, and to erect íwr-raekt there, pro^y dreaded, for fide hundred men: To remove some of the principal obstructions to the navigation of the Missouri, such as planters, sawyers, and rafts, which it is supposed may be done by the troops on that river in tfoe course of three winters: To open a road trom Chariton to the Council Bluffs, and thence to the Mandan Villages: To open a ruad from the Council Blulfe to the post at the mouth of the St. Piter's on thfe Mississippi ! And to improve the navigation of the Ouisconsin and Fox rivers, and connect them by a canal, or gdod road, in order to facilitate the communication between Fort Howard at Green Bay, and Praira du Chien on the Mississippi^— Those rivers are said to be navigable for batteaux within one mile of miclLQther. But is it not a strange system of national economy, which is employed in improving the navigation of nvers. and cutting canals, at toe distance of five hundred or a thousand miles in advance of our settlements, while the navigation of the Oiiio, iuciuding the canal required at the falls, remains untouched? We have always thought, and again repeat, that the money expended in mese distant expeditions, might be expended more usefully in the interior. If it be allowable to employ the troops in making roads and improving the navigation on the frontiers, and in the heart of the Indian countries, to provide facilities to their trade; is it not equally lawful and proper to employ the same troops in improving the navigation and roads, througn the populous settlements of our citizens, fur the benefit of their more important commerce ? Or if it be not advisable to cut canals and roads by the troops in tbe interior, would it not be better to disband them, and employ tbe money for this purpose, than to keep them in pay for the services they now perform ? But other important ol^ects are to be accomplished. The fur trade is to be secured ; and the Indians are to be held in check, and awed into a^^ireservation of peace. The establishment at toe CouncR jBluffs is said by (he quarter master gen-ara),to be an important work," which will enable us to hold in check live powerful and warlike nations of Indians.^* It will be a novelty in Indian warfare, to see a single garrison, at a remote distance from the frontiers, keeping five numerous nations from committing ravages on our settlements, if toey. should be disposed to engage in a war with us. Indians feel no apprehensions about leaving afortification several hundred miles in their rear, when they make an incursion into the settlements of their white enemies. 'Fheir skir-misliing, predatory, clandestine mode of warfare, is not to be arrested by a fort, whose guns can reach only a few milei round. The fear of having their villagez destroyed, by an excursion of the garrisOD, may indeed be a slight check upon thenix but when it is considered how easily, in a few hours, and almost without regret, they can abandon their best towns to destruction, and secure themselves by dia-persioii in their native forests, it is rather romantic to expect, that the fear of i garrison will be sufficient to keep ibem at peace. It is much more probaUe, that the irritation produced in their minds by the ^resence,and the unavoidable misconduct and insolence of foreign troi^, will goad them to war, than tJiat toe fear of mose trooM will keep them at peace. ’Ine secretary at war informr us,ihat it is still uncertain whether a post will be established at the Ybiiow 8tone river; but timt one will certaMy be established at the Mandan riUnge,^ the troops on the Missouri. And is it imagined, or in the least degree probable, that a strong and licentioas garrison can be thus maintained ia the heart pf an Indian nation, without provoking hostilities ? TTie natives oftW Ameiican forests are aVivt, apirited, and independent people, wlk> cannot peaceably endure tbe presence and dktatioh ot a foreign army. Wf thill be much disappointed, if emt wdrlikt presaratMntf to preserve the peace, da nof prosee eflfect* very different from thS avowftl poli^ of the war department •* 1‘raitt and presents, says the secretary himself, ac^mpofiied by taliui c|lc»ia-(cd for the parpes^ are among , ipowerfol mans tf cnatml tmr a^n ^ -h.

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