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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 30, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD _ Thursday, September 30, 1971--------- Bruce Hutchison Spies and diplomacy One of the most extraordinary as- pects of the spy scandal involving 105 Soviet diplomats based in London, is the mild public reaction to it. The paramount reason for this is that the objectives of Russian espionage have changed since the days of Gouzenko. Now the Soviets are after secrets primarily directed at industrial, tech- nological, and scientific developments rather than mililaiy information. Espionage in diplomatic missions is standard practice. Intelligence of- ficers are members of nearly ail em- bassy staffs in foreign countries. But the Soviets have had an extraordin- ary number of them at work in Lon- don for a considerable length of time. By all indications they have been do- ing an excellent job for Moscow. This is due not only to their ability, but to their numbers, which are esti- mated at something like 50 to 60 per cent of the total Russian diplomatic staff in London. British retaliation lo the expanded spy network reflects increasing con- cern, not only because it interferes with British interests, but because it affects all NATO countries, where it is suspected similar operations have been going on for a long time. Specialists say that since de-Slalin- ization, the dreaded KGB. Stalin's in- ternal security organization, has changed its objectives. Rather than an instrument of terror in the U.S.S.R itself, it has been reorganized into a political role for overseas espionage. It is meshed with Communist "bloc" intelligence services, which have im- Dissenters not conformers Fate has made it possible for U.S. President Richard iS'ixon to place four persons on the Supreme Court of his country. Two of his appointees already serve on this important body that sets or should set the legal course of the nation. Now Mr. Nixon has the opportunity to name the suc- cessors of Justices Hugo Black and John Marshall Harlan. Much speculation is taking place on the kind of persons who are likely to receive the president's nomination: will a woman be one of them? Will another black man be included? Will they be southerners or northerners, rural or urban? One thing that most observers feel fairly certain about is that the nominees will share the same essentially "conservative" out- look as Mr. Nixon. The fact that it is almost taken for granted that nominees to the Supreme Court will hold the same philosophical position as the presi- dent who names them, illustrates ra- ther clearly the fact that the admin- istration of justice does not adhere to some kind of absolute. Although the justices may honestly seek to judge cases strictly according lo the constitution, they almost inevitably view that constitution through eyes blinkered by their political and phil- osophical position. That four of the chief justices will be of the same persuasion as Mr. Nixon does not necessarily mean very much. Mr. Nixon has veered considerably from the course that was expected of him at the time his election. He has found it neces- sary or expedient to adjust to the realities of the world in which he lives. Likewise the chief justices are apt to be more greatly influenced by the times than they would expect to be. Students of the U.S. Supreme Court have found that since the days John Marshall, in the early 19th cen- tury, the court has always yielded to the national drift. It has been a court of yea-sayers to the national mood. Even so called conservatives have tended to be conformists to what could be described as the Am- erican way of life. Such is the straining against the restraints of the constitution in the L-nited States today that going along with the clamor for greater freedom could actually spell a threat to basic liberties. Where libertarianism leads to anarchy, liberty disappears. What may be most desirable at this time would be neither conservative nor liberals but independents who are prepared to dissent from their peers and the people as a whole on some issues. Play is important By Terrence Morris VOUNG children are movement and play. Instead of walking they prefer to run, skip, jump, and turn the occasional cartwheel just to see what the world looks like upside down. For most children life is a mixture of noise, discovery, excite- ment, and endless energy. To put it an- other way, children are naturally good at all those things that most adults find very annoyirg. Play and movement are as essential to the growing child as food and drink. Play may appear to he just messing around but it is serious work for the young child. It is the part of growing up that allows the child to experiment, use his imagination and develop his ideas of social relations. It is through dressing up. acting, playing school, and mothers and fathers that chil- dren learn to copy the adult world and imitate what they see around (hem every day. If parents want to find out how their children see them they should take the time to watch their children at play. It is through play that children learn to accept and make rules that nrc essential for pleasant living. Play and movement are nature's way of allowing children to exer- cise, develop, and co-ordinate their growing energetic bodies. In most kindergarten schools play has long been accepted as an essentiaal part, if not l.hc whole part of the school curri- culum. Woodwork, Wendy Houses, painting areas, sandboxes, arc standard equipment and daily periods plus good recess breaks liclp to emphasize thai, purposeful activity is part of the school life. When children start full-time school they ofien find out that play is going to be restricted ir not squeezed out of school life com- pletely. The school day is governed by the bell or the whistle, recess or play-time is limited or denied, and the six year old is ready for the 'antiplay1 treatment. The ajili-play phenomenon is an interesting part of our modem civilization. Adults have been conditioned to accept that work is good and therefore play is evil. If children are not doing something that looks as if it is conventional work then adults tend to get uneasy and worry because the 'kids might be wasting their tunes'. As Professor Hymes has said, "Some of these antiplay feelings stem from our history. Then play was evil. Then play ivvi.s tlie enemy of sur- vival. Then play was bad because play was not work. Times have changed, but feel- ings have not." It is a pity that as children advance through school we tend lo disparage the importance of play. There is a real need in our curriculum and instructional meth- ods for a close look at how piay can help children to learn. It wouldn't cost us any money but it would compel teachers and parents to re-examine their attitudes and feelings about play. It's quite an experi- ence to let a group of children loose wilh chess sets, jig saw puzzles, checkers, arith- metic and spelling games and sec how en- grossed they laconic. Arc they playing games? Yes, fbey arc playing the most important g.ime there is mid it's called learning. The quest for quiet By Dong Walker Elspclh thinks I should look forward (a Kbe has overlooked olio nois.v accompani- After living in a fool's paradise proved Iheir techniques am! expand- ed operations in the past few years. Although most of the classified in- formation the Russians are after is of a non military nature, a British electronic engineer lias confessed that he supplied Soviet agents with data on air to ground rockets and naval anti tank rockets, lie has also said that Soviet agents paid him more than 5000 pounds for secrets concerning the Concorde. It is well known thai the Russo communist espionage organ- ization has for years attempted to penetrate and divide the Internation- al Confederation of Free T r a d e Unions with headquarters in Brus- sels. No one has announced what retal- iatory measures the Russians intend to take, or whether the scope of the spy scandal, will delay the European security conference so eagerly sought by the' Soviets. But Foreign Secre- tary Sir Alec Douglas Home's state- ments makes plain common sense The Foreign Office states simply and with consummate tact, lhal ''the Soviet government can hardly fail to be conscious of the contradiction be- tween their advocacy of a confer- ence on European security and the scale of the operations against the security of this country which Soviet officials and agents controlled by them have conducted. Her Majesty's government would like lo see this contradiction resolved before the preparation of a conference on Euro- pean security begins." 'IN aflcr II years of political confusion, Canada seemed lo regain its native equilibrium. A now planet had Mviim into its Iccn, glittering with [he promise o[ A Just So- cic'.y. Pierre Trudeau appar- enlly was set for at least a de- cade of power and reform, the nation for some sort of renais- sance. Among the prime minis- ter's disciples bliss it was in fliat dawn to be alive but to be young was very heaven. Little more than three years have passed since that dawn and now if is high noon. Or is it slill later? Perhaps even twi- light? We cannot be sure be- cause tlie clock of polilics moves fast or slow, in sudden fits and starts. But we can be sure that nothing has turned out as planned at (be begin- ning, that ihe government faces the clear risk of defeat after a brief, interesting life, the na- tion one of the great turning points in its history. If all this sounds hyperbolic, even hysterical, observe what has happened at two levels. On the upper level ot poli- tics, the mere surface of things, the Trudeau govern- ment has antagonized so large a body of voters, for different local reasons, that a coherent opposition, with any distinct ideas to offer, could surely hope to win the next election. As a leading cabinet minister put it to me last spring, the government would be re-elect- ed by default because no ef- fective opposition had emerged. Now( in autumn, the opposi- tion remains ineffective and, in policy, sterile, but it is no long- er certain that the government can win a second decisive man- date. If it loses some score of seats its majority will disap- pear, The old nightmare of mi- nority government will confront us when we can least afford it. And 20 seats can easily be lost. Supposing they fire, what to? Would Mr. Trudeau, al- ways impatient, cranky and bored in the grimy wheeling and dealing of Parliament would such a man lead a min- ority government succesfuiiy? Would be even try? If not, who else? A dozen differing scenarios could be written for the next year or so, but they are all imaginary. Besides, it would be a bad mistake to underestimate the capacity of the prime min- ister to recover from his pre- sent troubles. The ablest cam- paigner of our time has hardly started to fight yet. In any case, the politics and personalities of this entirely new situation are unimportant "Now we wait till it dies of Letters to the editor Unreasonable anti-iluoridation points examined Is it possible that the resi- dents of Lethbridge will be without the benefits of fluori- dated water for anoUier three years or more or forever? What interests me I have yet to talk- to an edu- cated person who has come forth with a reasonable or an intelligent answer as to why fluoridation is dangerous if properly handled or admin- istered. Here are some answers that have been given to me: fa) it is poisonous (so is (b) a certain doctor proved it is injurious to good health (how, 1 would like to know, and what kind of a doctor would this be? (c) it is a matter of prin- ciple. (d) it is too expensive. (e) Grandmother said it's no good. (f) it will con-ode the water pipes, which will then have to be changed every two years. To me these are not reason- able arguments. They are not even sane. I would like real proof as to the bad effects of adding the proper amount of fluorine to a water supply. I would like examples or evi- dence of how any people have died or became ill because of fluorine in Ihe water supply. To me it seems that there are still certain apparently intelli- gent people who believe in fairy tales and at this point, I would ask such a person as Mrs. Ferguson or Mr. Cbichester of Lelhbridge City Council why they voted no for fluoridation. If 1 have in any way mis- construed their actions or inten- tions, I sincerely apologize. E. L. BROSZ. Bow Island. Resents increasing taxes Students prices too Jdgh winlcr. Our leaking lap was fixed some nicnl of wmlcr: lie furnace fan liorc tune ago I lie crickets should lie loo cold lo keep scraping their legs together. 's n" escape Iron; hut F am gct- The peacctulnets should be profound, ting dealer, Frustration is a powerful catalyst that tends to activiate even those of more stable metal, and the bonds created are strong. Students are discon- tented and they will unite. I am referring to the frustration of some university stu- dents who have been hit with a 40 per cent increase in theatre ticket prices. We fail to see the justification of both an over-all increase in rates, and the re- fusal to give student rates to university, college and nursing students. Surely a person, re- gardless of his age, who studies Real honesly Let's have seme real honesty here just as a re shin g change. Do you really want so badly to get Sirs. Ferguson off Ihe council that you will go to such lengths? Her refusal to accept the go- ing YES vote on the decision to hold a plebiscite re: fluorida- lion o[ our water supply was engendered, I believe, because of an announcement by the city solicitor of Ihe illegal aspects of the petition itself. Do "'o really want to wijir out two good >ear.s of diligent service on brhalf of our ONI-', woman member of round! ovor the fluoride issue? Let us please remember for those people who wish fluoride, the tablets arc available no cost. Would it not bo bctltr for Ili0.sc people who want fluoride protection lo use these free flu- oride tablets, than lo have lo force [lunride un people who do not want it? MHS. JANE LAWSON. all week and has no source of income, is as much entitled to student rates as any high school student. It is important, here, to real- ize that 65-70 per cent of alt uni- versity students must apply for loans. And who can deny that some form of weekend enter- tainment is essential to the pre- servation of any student's san- ity. The theatre provides a vital entertainment focal point in this community Are students to be denied it by sheer financial force? Many will be, and many more resent the price increase, to the point of boycotting Leth- bridge. theatres. Such a result, an inevitable decrease of stu- dent participation in an impor- tant community activity, is con- trary lo Ihe philosophy of the University of Lclhbridgc, and will be unfortunate for all con- cerned. Nevertheless, we de- fend our cause. We ask for public support. GAIL M1SSTON, SECRETARY STUDENTS' SOCIETY UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE. iMlilor'.s Our first in- clination was not to pnlilisli llic iiliove Idtrr, since Hie. l.Hhhridgc. Uicatrc's arc n pri- vate (lllsillPSS WllflSO IllCr- Holme's arc its own concern. Most pnr- cliTisrs of university students nrc at Ilio Ktandnrd public rnlc milk, bread, cig- nrrttcs, newspapers, gasoline, lieor, television sets and olll- ix Iliings that help "preserve n student's snnily." However since Hie. [otter presumes lo speak for (lie students' so- ni'ly, any sncli .serious nm- .cmi nf the .students is of pull- lie inure it. I would like to say [hank you lo several writers and The Herald for printing Maurice Western's column (Sept. It enlightens city people of farm- ers' problems. Jim Maybie's article gives us information which our mayor apparently never thought of being our business. But when a debt of 595 per capita is in- creased in one year and brings our per capila debt to (and as stated, this debt does not include the Henderson ice facility) it's high time we re- place some big shots in city hall. There is no way that Leth- bridge rate-payers can look 'or lower taxes, but increases. Allan Walker liits tlie nail on the head by his description of Social Credit leaders "dic- tators in their own right, sup- ported by religious fanatics." In Mr. Walker's last para- Fair is fair Fau' is fair, or should he1, and so I write a few words in defence of Aldermen Chicbes- ler and Ferguson. As I understand, by a news sloiy in Tlie Lelhbridge llcr- ah1, the reason for these two aldermen refusing to vote in fa- vor of holding a plebiscite on fluoridation revolves around (he fact that the petition was presented illegally in that signatures had not been wit- nessed and thai signatures had been accepted from people not on our voters list. Now then, if every council member had exercised his first duly lo the citizens of Lclh- liridgc, a YES vole could not have even lieen considered. Can you vote !o put. some-thing inlo effect over an illegal document simply because it suits a par- ticulnr set of circumstances, and pleases you lo do so? I sincerely hope we have not arrived at a slage whore Ihis type of political expediency is .somelbintf wo must accrpl. M.HS. VliDA A. SHIRLEY. Uthbrtdge. graph he hits at two members on city council re: fluoridation. Personally I'll vole for both members. These two members didn't insult us nearly as much as Anderson and Big Little did when they refused us a vote on the location o. the university. Both Little and Andy consider- ed us as money providers but loo ignorant to reason. They ran lo Manning, kissed and begged, and Manning who thought different before noon, overruled us. Both Little and Andy succeeded in building the clumsy cement block across the river. If UK long-haired professors and (heir tribe would stay there then even I could forgive Big Little and Little Andy, but I slill wili vole against Andy. A DISGUSTED RATE PAYER. Lethbridge. Looking Through The Herald 1021 Captain E. Lloyd Janne.y, whose hunger strike, the first ever staged in Canada, caused a sensation from coast to coast, was today sentenced lo Iwo years in jail on the charge of uttering a worthless cheque for SIOO. Opening weaker at I2'v per cent discount, the Ca- nadian dollar dropped sharply at noon today lo on the lo- cal foreign exchange. 1011 Air Minister Power disclosed loday that the British commonwealth air (raining beside the basic issues that the polilicans and the voters have yet to grasp. No wonder tiie issues have not been grasped in Ottawa when the govern- ments of all nations are baffled by events unforeseen as late as midsummer. So far, they know only that President Nixon, with a single stroke, demolished the fool's paradise in which the world lived for many years, proposed lo build a more durable struc- ture but cannot foresee wheth- er his own people, or foreign nations, will let him build it. The whole design may crumble before it is well started if the nations fail to act more intelli- gently than they have done up lo now. Here again every man can write his own scenario and most of Ihem will be wrong. Anyway, however the affairs of the world turn out, for better or worse, the affairs of Canada assuredly are quite unlike the conventional wisdom accepted as truth until Mr. Nixon changed everything on Aug. J5. Our Canadian house of cards, or at least all the government's neat calculations, have col- lapsed and a new plan must be devised. Mr. Trudeau says he has al- ready devised plans for any emergency, Ihough he cannot reveal them before he sses how things go in the world at large. He is wise, I think, to hold his hand and tongue for the moment since no one, not even Nixon knows what will hap- pen tomorrow. YcL none of those plans, whatever, they may be will work unless a far larger plan of worldwide eco- nomic co-operation succeeds, as it will, unless the nations are totally deranged. In Ihe latest deal of interna- tional poker Canada holds some strong cards but not the aces. They are in the hands of a few great powers, to tj played self- ishly and disastrously, Or gen- erously and successfully. For Canadians the immediate ques- tion is how (hey should play what cards they hold, and they have not faced so large a ques- tion since the Second World War. To oversimplify that vaslly complex question, Canada must choose, within its limited means, between a broad inter- nalionalisl policy, offering the chance of prosperity, and a narrow isolationism, offering poverty, disunity at home and external quarrels that we can- not win Mr. Trudeau seems lo have chosen the right path. Despite his haunting, visceral distrust of American culture, he rejects the old, easy temptation called Canada First, as if Canada could thrive or even endure alone, under siege. Equally wise, and beset by still more difficult pressure in his party, Robert Slanfield seems to have made the same choice. Only the New Democrats are committed to the curious no- tion that Canada could detach itself from North America, drastically diminish or aban- don iU primary markel and somehow flourish if David Lewis were allowed to manage the whole economy and ration our poverty in noble solitude. So the ancient lines of Ca- nadian politics are forming again, this lime across party labels, nationalism versus inlernalionalism, protect ion versus abundant trade, a re- turn to the womb versus a con- structive role in an interdepen- dent world. Such is the Lrue issue before us bul il will not be easily kept clear in our minds when every- ll'.ing in these crazy, skimble- skamble times must conspire to distract us from the essentia1 facts of Canadian life. (Herald Special Service) backward plan will be extended until the number of schools and air- dromes already constructed u almost doubled. 1951 Russia objected today to the debate of Ihe Iranian oil dispute, before the security council, calling Britain's com- plaint an interference in lire in- lernal affairs of Iran. Canadian Finance Minister Donald Fleming was today elected first chairman of I tic new 30-counlry Organiza- tion for Economic Cooperation and Development at its inaug- ral meeting here. The Letlibrultic Herald 7lh St. S., Lclhbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Propriciors and Publisher! Published 1005 -1954, 5y lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Sotonfl Class Mnll RcfllstraMon No 001} Member of The Cnnadlen Press ana me CnnncJian Dally Ncwspnpfli Publishers' Association and iljo Audit Bureau of Circulation CLEO W. MOWERS. Edllor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS. Mnrnncr JOE BALLA WHLIAM HAY Vtonnejlnfi Edllor Editor ROY F-' MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advcr'Ulng MnnSfier Edilor THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;