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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 30, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta ------Wcdntldoy, JO, 1970 THE lETHBRIDGE HERALD 3 Ronald Hashemite Dynasty In Pen T ONDON It King Hussein of Jordan loses his llu'one in Uio current violence in his country the Hashcmile dynasty will have lasted barely 50 years, although its princely roots reach back 13 centuries to Fal- ima, daughter of the Prophet Mohammed. Falima's husband, AH, was (lie fourth of the Cal- iphs and head of the House of Hashem. Fifty years ago the Arab peo- ple, Hussein's among them, had only just emerged from four centuries of colonial rule by the Turks. When the First World War broke out in 1914 this rule had become loose and corrupt. The Turks joined the German side in the con- flict in the hope of stemming the decay of their imperial for- tunes: the Western allies in re- ply prodded the Arabs to rebel against their effete masters. The Hashemile Kingdom of Jor- dan is a by-product. At the time of the Arab re- volt the Sharif of Mecca ivas Hussein Ibn Ali, a member of the Hashemile family which had made the Hcjaz (the ill- defined western desert side of what is now Saudi Arabia) (heir stronghold for centuries. This is where the revolt against the Turks began. In its early days four of the Sharif's sons AH, Abdullah, Faisal and Zaid each com- manded his unit of sol- diers. Faisal's troops eventual- ly joined the British offensive against the Turks in Palestine and Syria, with Colonel T. E. Laurence as his liaison officer. Faisal rode into Damascus in triumph. Both he and his brother Ab- dullah had been associated in pre war days with various pan Arab irredentist move- ments, and they shared their father's dream of a great Arab empire free at last of alien con- trol. They thought they had some justification for their dream, especially because of a series of letters written to their fattier in 1915 and 1916 by the British High Commissioner in Cairo, Sir Henry McMahon. From these letters Hussein un- derstood that all the Arab lands of the cnimbling Ottoman empire what are today the Hejnz, Jordan, Israel, Syria, Iraq and most of Lebanon would become one sovereign Arab Stale, of which Hussein saw liimsclf king. Palestine was not mentioned by name, ami in later Bntish- Frencli negotiations to parti- tion Arab lands mainly for tlieir own benefit Palestine was specifically excluded. In fact (he British secnstly promised, control of Syria and Lebanon to their allies the French, whose troops promptly kicked Faisal out of Damascus. The British themselves were prepared to take over Palestine, where they had promised living room to Jewish settlers. For in 1817, wanting Jewish help against the Germans as much as iliey ivanlcd Aral; help against tlie Turks, the British bad produced UK; Balfour Dec- laration (a letter from British Foreign Secretary A. J. Balfour to Lord Rothschild) promising to help the Jews create a na- tional homeland in Palestine. This pledge can-led the qualifi- The World's Refugees By Robert Wischmcycr, NEA Service TP'AR creates all kinds of casualties the dead, the missing, the wounded, the emotionally scarred and the families of all these. And war, whether it be a "hot" war or a "cold" war, creates refugees. A New York-based group es- tablished in 1933, the Interna- tional Rescue Committee, is America's leading non-sectar- ian'voluntary agency aiding ref- ugees from oppression. In its annual report just re- leased, the IRC notes that more than refugees were helped during 1969 in Eu- rope, Southeast Asia, Africa, North and Latin America. In 1970, the rale of assistance has increased. An exodus of Czecho- slovaks since the Soviet occu- pation in 1963 and persecution of Polish Jews resulted in an increase of 23 per cent over 1968 in Western Europe alone, IRC reported. A large number of Greeks fleeing the military junta rule, plus Hungarians, Romanians, Yugoslavs, Alban- ians, Bulgarians and several thousand Cubans who came to Spain were also aided. Cubans have become one of IRC's major recipients of aid. In the last decade Cu- bans about 10 per cent of the population have become refugees, the agency said. Of these, have gone to the United States, unable to bear the Communist rule of Fidel Castro. Several hundred Hai- tian refugees, equally unable to endure the dictatorship of "Papa Doc" Duvalier on that island, were also helped by IRC last year. Aiding refugees involved pro- viding food, clothing, shelter, medical assistance, child care, rehabilitation, language help, occupational guidance in other words, it is a complex task requiring patience, skill and persistence. The refugee problem in South Vietnam is further complicated by the need to provide hospital care and surgery for adults and children who have suffered war wounds. Twenty-two doctors, surgeons, nurses, public health officers and hospital admini- strators representing 14 countries staff IRC's pro- gram in Vietnam. IRC pro- vided a 120-bed hospital and a day-care centre which is being augmented by a new centre at another refugee camp. Refugees from mainland China into Hong Kong, and former Biafran refugees in Ni- geria also came under IRC's care. To accomplish all tliis, the International Rescue Commit- tee depended upon support from American foundations, corporations, labor unions, community, civic and student groups and individual citizens who gave both time and money. Perhaps the day 'will come when refugees no longer num- ber in the hundreds of thou- sands. Until that day, such groups as IRC deserve thanks and support. Tailored Butter From BBC London Letter TRIE New Zealand Dairy Research Institute has found a way of tailoring butter to the needs of particular mar- kets. They can now make but- ter which does not go soft in hot climates or hard in cold. As Tony Durham reported in the BBC World Service pro- gram The Farming World, it is done by a process called "frac- tlonation.' Liquid butter fat is cooled till part of it solidifies, and then the. liquid and solid are separated. The liquid part can be made into a butter which stays soft when it is cold, and the solid part goes to make a butter which does not melt in hot weather. The Institute has succeeded in making butters which behave well at temperatures as low as 7 degrees centigrade and as high as 30 degrees. Margarine makers have been able to do this for years, but now it looks as though New Zealand butter will be able to compete, if the process is cheap enough. And it will certainly be an achieve- ment if they manage to bring the butter's taste and nutrition- al value unharmed through the process. Prices effective Thurs., Fri., Sat., October 1, 2, 3. i HAMS Smoked Picnic Shoulder ib Steaks Roast E T-Bone or Club, Red or Brand Ib. Rump or Hip, or Brand Ib. 1 i ,39 ,09 Luncheon Meat ind Pimento 33' Macaroni and Cheete, Pickle and Pimento, Meal and Olive, Mock Chickon, and Bologna 6-or. pkgs. Pork Roost 58' Steok Shoulder Ib. __________ b LUNCHEON MEAT 3 TOMATO JUIVL LIBBYSFANCY J) for 95 BARTLETTPEARS" 3 89f BOSTON BROWN BEANS 3 69 AYIMER 14-or. tins for VW Salad Dressing Orange Crystals Meat Spread Bstt6rBuy pk, 69' 69" Old Cheese Hn. pka. 4 85 Cracker Barrel GQti I2-ei. pkg. Ow Puritan X tins pkg. BANANAS GplcJcn Yellow 5 Ibs. Mac Apples 2 39c Grapes 3 ,s.1 -00 B.C flartlett Pears 2 Cabbage ConadnNo i n, GRAHAMS FOOD MARKET GROCERIES 327-5434, 327-5431 MEATS 327-1B12 OPEN THURSDAY Till 9 P.M. PHONE AND SAVE _ FREE DEUVERY 708 3rd Avenue Soulh cation that "notbing shall he done which may prejudice ihe civil and religious rights of the existing nc Jewish commun- but the Arabs regarded the Declaration as a betrayal of the pledges made to them. To try to satisfy coiuTiclinR promises made during [he First World War, the British and their Ilashemite allies drew up a new political map for Arab lands, installing Fcisal as king of a new State of (formerly Mesopotamia) and his brother Abdullah as ruler of Transjor- dan another new State on the eastern banks of the Jordan. Apart from their own inter- ests, however, the Western Pow- ers still held the belief that less developed peoples required tu- telage and protection before they were fit for national sov- ereignty, and in Uii; post-war climate of opinion was born Ihe international institution of trus- tees hip answerable to the League of Nations. The French took over the mandates for Syria and Leban- on, and the British the man- dates for Palestine, Iraq and Transjordan. Tile Hashemitcs had lost then; original base in tlie Hejaz to the invading Whabi tribe warriors of Ibn Saud, who made himself King of Saudi Arabia. In all this making of new frontiers the people were not in- volved and hardly consulted, and there grew up among the people side by side with a de- sire to achieve their own na- tional dignity, enmity against v the Jews because they saw them as usurpers of their land and tile main obstacle to the realization of (heir nationalist aims. Abd u 11 a h in Trans Jordan tried hard to keep his small state out of the ferment among his neighbors, especially during a bitter uprising of the Palestin- ian Arabs between 1936 and 1039. He built up a small but efficient army the Arab Le- gion, trained by the British and led by a Briton, John Glubb. When the Second World War broke out, most of the Arab peoples, strongly influenced by German and Italian propagan- da, were divided in Uieir atti- tude to Britain. At one stage the British Mnt tanks to ring (lie palace of King Farouk when they suspected he was about to take Egypt into the Fascist camp. But Abdullah came out unequivocally on the British side and even permitted his .Arab Legion to be used to sup- press a pro Fascist revolt in Iraq led by Rashid Ali in 1W1. Ssven years later, the Brit- ish, having failed utterly to re- concile Arabs and Jews, gave up the Mandate of Palestine. Immediately live Arab armies converged on the Jewish people. Abdullah sent in his Arab Le- gion lo help the Palestinians; wrecked armored cars after- wards lifted off the road still line the winding approach to Jerusalem through the Judean hills as memorials to the bitter fighting between Hie Israelis and the Legion. When the Arab Israeli war ended Israel possessed m o r o land than that allocated to her in a United Nations plan to par- tition Palestine between Arabs and Jews. Abdullah annexed to Transjordan all the remaining Arab controlled territory of Palestine except the Gaza Strip, wlu'ch went to Egypt. With this addition of land on the west binfc of tlie Jordan river, Transjordan became the present kingdom of Jordan. Abdullah's Arab Legion had been the only Arab force lo hold its ground against the Israelis, and yet there leaked out a ru- mor that Abdullah was attempt- ing to negotiate secretly with the Israelis for a permanent peaceful settlement of their differences. It was his doom. One day in 1951, to prayer at El Aksa mosque in Jerusa- lem, Abdullah was killed with a single shot from the pistol of a Palestinian. His 16-year old grandson, Hussein, saw his grandfather fall and saw the frenzied royal guard beat the assassin to death. Abdullah's son Talal succeed- ed lo (lie throne of Jordan, but in 1952 he was deposed by Par- liament because of a mental breakdown and after a period of regency young Hussein as- cended the throne. His tenure is now in jeopardy. He has survived nine attempts on his life and is still only 35 years of age. If Hussein sur- vives to hand on lus throne it will not be to either of his own sons, but to Jiis younger brotlr- er. Hassan, who was appoint- ed Crown Prince in IMS. Hus- sein's sons. Abdullah dune January) and Faisal (seven nest month) are only half Arab, bom of Hussein's English sec. ond wife, Minis. They are safe from tha turmoil of iheir fath- er's kingdom, starting the aut- umn term nt an expensive pri- vate school in the southern Eng- lish county of Surrey. OVi-iUcn for The Herald aud The Observer, London) On Pious Horrors Tlic Christian Century IT is the easiest thing in Ihe world to heap criticism upon the World Coun- cil of Churches for Ihc recent decision of its executive committee, meeting in Frankfurt, to allocate for anti-apartheid and liberation groups opposed to racist while tyrannies on three continents. -Seldom have reactionary propagandists against ecumen- ism been offered more of a jackpot oppor- tunity to vilify the WCC, especially agauist a background of bombings and hijackings which have generated wide hysteria. In soutliern Africa itself, as former Hhodesiari prime minister Garfield Todd lias put it, a "wave of pious has swept the poli- licians, press, and ecclesiastical official- dom. More serious is the criticism wliich has come from editorialisls, church potentates and others in Britain, America and else- where in the West. For even tlwugh the WCC executive committee's decision was unanimous, there is much honest doubt as to whether that decision will help either the ecumenical movement or the victims of racism. The World Council of Churches was un- der fire during the 1960s the first decade of independence for most black Africans- Tor being such a Western and while en- clave and for lacking any significant pro- gram to combat racism. Now the council has a program and n director. The pro- gram has an international advisory board and is developing regional committees. The grants announced at Frankfurt based on tlic recommendations of lhat board and implemented a prior policy decision of I ho WCC Central Committee taken at Canter- bury in August 1W9. Coining from a spe- cial fund of contributions from member churches and of WCC reserves, these grants to 19 different organizations actually range from educational, medical and social aid for African liberation movements to legal aid on behalf of land rights for Australian aborigines. They represent only one aspect of a larger strategy which also includes action oriented research, sensitization pro- grams, and emergency relief to victims of racist oppression. The integrity of the Chris- tian faith of many persons involved in such programs cannot be doubted. In making its decision World Council lead- ership was aware of all the risks we have mentioned. Nobody knows what the full con- sequences of the decision will be. The prom- ises of recipient groups not to use the funds for violent purposes cannot be precisely monitored but the churches cannot con- trol any secular forces these days. Finally, tlie churches' long record of acquiescence in violence by white establishments must temper our judgment concerning tins mod- est effort to identify with1 OK victims of such violence. The greatest violence imag- inable lurks around that turn of history when non-whites decide that there is no jus- tice or compassion or reason left In the. white world. Highway System? From The Ottawa Journal rl'HE Journal renews now its suggestion of some time ago that a kind of high- way vigilante system be organized. Society deserves protection against the potential murderers who cross the solid line, who pass cars below the brow of a hill or on curves, who "gun" out of side roads into highway traffic. Most of these offenders do these things because they can see no "cop" ahead or behind. Others think they are such sen- sible and "expert" drivers that the ordin- ary laws are not for them. Each type is a menace to life. In Canada in the first three months of this ycar'838 were killed, injured. We cannot put enough police on streets and highways to catch all the offenders, but we can augment our police forces by reli- able assistance. Requests to report truly dangerous traf- fic offences should be given to all of Ite following classes of people whether or not they be off duty or otherwise on holiday, in private cars or on sidewalks, in uni- form or sports clothes: Judges and magistrates of all courts; sen- ior members of all police and detective forces; municipal mayors, reeves; mem- bers of Parliament and provincial legisla- tures. These "vigilantes" would not have to ap- prehend the "offender" but merely report the "offence." The local magistrate would then cause the offender to appear and state his case. The magistrate would not auto- matically find the man guilty or penalize him. But unless the offender, with wit- nesses, gave the magistrate reason to doubt thai the offence took place the magistrate would inform him that his record would now carry this information and that any judge or magistrate hearing a like charge against him in future would be advised to deal firmly with him. A man with two such "informations" against him, from different informers, should be found guilty of the of- fence if it is attested and properly required by law. There will be screams of outrage from some quarters at these suggestions. Every- thing from Magna Carla down through Ilia Bill of Rights and the United Nations Char- ter on Human Rights will be misquoted and misrepresented as being violated. But what of the rights of people not to be injured or killed by selfish lawlessness? Publicity would be Hie necessary hand- maid of such a scheme. If every driver on renewing his licence were told of the exis- tence of this supplementary traffic surveil- lance he would think twice before perform- ing again his particular brand of reckless- ness. Some time or another some individual might get an unfair break under this ar- rangement. But it would happen only if ha were a two-time offender. There is hardly a law in this land that doesn't some time hit someone unfairly. Our lawmakers and police forces should be able to work some- thing out reasonably fair, but it should be effective, and soon. Our concern is not with the man who just might be unfairly fined after two offences but for the thousands of men, women and children who are unfairly killed after no offences. New Nationalisms' Common Aspects By Clande Ryan, In Le Devoir, Montreal the last few years have seen the development among French-Ca- nadians of a new type of nationalism cen- tred on Quebec, three parallel currents of thought and action have materialized among English-Canadians: 1. Many are giving an ear lo Ihe 'gripes end aspirations of French Canada, and most recognize the existence of Quebec's political and linguistic problems. 2. Symptoms of impatience can be seen in certain regions, mainly the West, on the questions of cost sharing and distribution of benefits within the federal system. 3. A strong assertion of our Canadian identity vis-a-vis our American neighbor is shaping up in universities, the news media, unions and the world of business Tire third is the current that has shown the most activity in recent years and which lends itself most to concrete action. After having practised an energetic eco- nomic nationalism under Macdonald, Eng- lish Canadians grew las under Laurier Nationalism regained its vigor with tlic Massey commission in Ihe early 1950s, but it was largely social and political This still has some adherents among English- Canadians but it has been replaced in re- cent years by a nationalism more urgent, more radical and more global. A new generation of economists, sociolo- gists, journalists, historians, political scien- tists, artists and social nu'Iitanis has ap- plied itself to a systematic study of the Canadian reality Between the new nationalisms of English Canadians and Quebecers there exist some common aspects which should be cultivated. Even if Quebec some day separates from Canada, it would be beneficial (hat before this break, men of good intentions on both sides get together to work for common aims, to know one another better and to appreci- ate tlieir respective motivations Tire tissue of everyday French-Canadian life is more impregnated with the Ameri- can influence than we are willing lo admit, A strong economic program and the prob- lems which the U.S. presence creates ara for us as much concern as for English- Canadians We can always mate use, tomorrow, of that freedom which we have managed to preserve. But it is more difficult to recover that which we have sold for dish of beans. Spare That Cat By Doug Walker OUR CATS nocturnal inisticliavinpf, get oteadily worse. The noises sluj makes both inside and oulsids the house are not at all conducive to that highly desirable pastime of sleeping through the night un- disturbed. Periodically I lest flic feelings of Ihe other members of the family on gelling rid of the cat. Oddly enough, although she doesn't seem to ba held in high affection by