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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 30, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta -Wtdneiday, September 30, 1970 THE 1ETHBRIDGE HERALD 39 First Citizens' Fund Backfires Arrows Instead Of Peace Pipes For Bennett INDIANS ATTACK FUND Chief Philip Paul of Van- couver's Tsarllin band says Ihe British Columbia govern- ment's First Citizens Fund pits one Indian band against another in competition for grants. Chief Paul, head of the Union of B.C. Indian Chiefs, says Indians were disap- pointed that the fund would be administered by a com- mittee of cabinet minislers rather than Indians. VICTORIA (CP) Premier W. A. C. Bennett's first ven- ture into Indian affairs, a million British Columbia First Citizens' Fund, has earned his Social Credit government a barrage of arrows instead of a bouquet of peace pipes. The birth of thfi fund 'and the pole-axing it subsequently received at the hands of the Union o[ B.C. Indian Chiefs point to a serious deteriora- tion in relations between the province's registered Indians and the Bennett gov- ernment. Premier Bennett, who dou- bles as finance minister, un- veiled Uie fund in his 19G9 budget, dedicating Uie interest from the million to "ex- panding tlie cultural, educa- tional and economic advance- ment of native Indians." After an initially warm re- ception by B.C.'s IBS Indian chiefs, native leaders 18 months later were describing the fund as an "insidious plot" and comparing the pre- mier's concept of minority rights to of the U.S.S.R." The fund is administered by a committee of five cabinet ministers under the chairman- ship of Municipal Affairs Min- ister Dan Campbell. The com- mittee listens to, but is not bound by, tile advice of an all-Indian advisory commit- tee. Grants to Indian organiza- tions, bands end individuals come from the million an- nually that the fund earns in interest through investment of tlic million in provincial school and hospital construc- ton. CALLED TO ACCOUNT On paper, the fund ap- peared to be a pretty good deal lo native leaders. But they came up against a cabi- net committee that wanted an exact accounting for every penny of grant funds. Chief Philip Paul oi Vancou- ver Island's Tsartlip band, head of the chiefs' union, said the government's attitude to- wards the fund may have been good business practice, but it was poor human rela- tions. Tlie fund, he said, pits one Indian band against another in competition for grants "and tliereby perpetuates the 'div- ide-and-nile' principle used so effectively against us in tlie past." Chief Paul cited the official government brochure on the fund in which Mr. Campbell says it is "intended to be a program of self-help designed, initiated and administered by bona fide British Columbia In- bands, organizations and individuals. "Needless to say, we were surprised and disappointed when we learned the fund not 'v administered by Indians, but rather by a com- mittee o[ cabinet ministers, none of horn arc said Chief Paul. Ihe first attack on the fund launched last November at a chiefs' conference at inle- rior Kamloops, which ended with approval of a resolution demanding "at least 10 per cent of the fund for a period of n 'ess than five years for the administration of the pro- grams and projects of (be Un.on of B.C. Chiefs." The government flatly refused to touch the main body of the fund, but agreed to give the chiefs a grant for a study tour of reserves to search out problems and con- cerns among Indians. GOVERNMENT BALKED The st.Jy tour resulted in a 15-page submission to Mr. Campbells committee early this year outlining a compre- hensive community develop- ment program and an Indian, communications system. The price tag: The government balked and asked the Indians for more details. The duel's responded by spec- ifying a one-year program that wou.d involve hiring of 13 full-time employees, publica- tion of an Indian newspaper and possible launching of a reserve radio network. The government bounced the submission back to Ihe chiefs twice for redrafting. Fi- nally, in March, the chiefs re- ceived a letter from Mr. Campbell that a grant of S53.000 had been approved. The chiefs were incensed. They demanded and got a meeting with the municipal affairs minister. Union admin- islrator Bill Wilson said the chic-is left the meeting the impression that the grant would b raised by at least another "We thought we'd be able lo run some kind of a program on Then, about three weeks L1 r, a cheque from the government for ar- first quarterly in- s t a 1 m e n t on the original "We held onto the cheque for some time, trying to de- cide what to do with it. In late Jun we decided lo send it back to the government un- cashed and turn down the en- tire Mr. Wilson and Chief Paul announced Ihe decision at a news conference in Vancouver in cirly July, denouncing the fund as "an insidious program of self-destruction for the In- dian people." An angry Mr. Campbell broke off his summer holidays to issue a statement of his own blasting the chiefs and defending his administration of the fund. "The first thing the fund faced was requests from a number of Indian organiza- tions, including the union of chiefs, which totalled almosl for structural organi- I zation with high-salary posi- I said Mr. Campbell. I "I don't think it was the in- j tention of the legislature in setting up this fund to work on the proposition that you spend 51 million to deliver 50 cents worth of projects." Mr. Wilson said (he salaries (he chids had planned to pay tlieir employees are far ICES than those paid by the Indian Avvociiitiun of Alberta and tliti Mnniloljii Indian Brotherhood of which receive sub- slantia! provincial assistance. Negotiations between Mr. Campbell and the clu'cfs have broken off ccmpk'lcly. and th.? province1 of IlrHish Columbia has on it.-, ii.nma (i SZ5 hiiiiiuii surplus all dressed up with noulicre to Shoiver Held At Elzikom ET7JKOM (HNS) Miss Simpson and Miss Carol Chc3- Yvonne Erdman, daughter oi nc.v arranged the gifts. Mr. and Mrs. Maurice Erdman, I, .Aff tanking her many ..friends for her miscellaneous was honored at a shower in Uie lunch was served bv Etzikom Community Hall. hostesses. Mrs. Mike (Alice) Ondrik A large bouquet of [lowers was mistress of ceremonies.; and a cake made and decorated Mrs. Harry (Belly) Cooper j by Mrs. Milion (Mary) Eck- read a marriage recipe after isianid centred head table, which Miss Erdman was pres-illrs. Erdman, her moth- ented with her gifts. jer and her aunt Mrs. Ed A silver umhrella festooned with white and pink streamers and was flanked by two large (Agnes) Erdman o[ Abranis, Wisconsin were among Ihe guests. Grace was lead by Miss silver hearts with Uie word Helen Kiueger ot Liberia, Al- "Vone" spelled out in red rosettes. Assisting the bride-to-be in her unwrapping were her sis- ters, Mrs. Robert (Marlyn) Weeks and Miss Beth Erdman. Mrs. Ray (Marlene) Hammel recorded and Mrs. Ralph (Pat) Sdlilli ANXIVEP.SAUY The Portuguese island, Sao Tome, off the west coast of Af- rica, is celebrating Ihe 500th an- niversary of its discovery. Troubled Nigeria Ends First Decade Of Independence LAGOS (Reuters) Nigeri ends its first decade of trouble independence at midnigh Wednesday night. Torn by two coups and bloody civil war, Nigeria's. 5 million people can look back o the 30 most eventful years in their history. The country has changed sig nificantly from its early days o nationhood. Nigeria's origina three powerful and semi-iude- pendent Western and been split into 12 states t weaken regional influences anc give strong central power to tb federal government in Lagos. It was the division, into states May that finally led th former Eastern region to eeced and declare independence as th Republic of Biafra under Lt Col. Odumegwu Ojukwu. Behind its secession was a complex history of massacres o Eastern Ibo tribesmen in the North, rigged parliamentary elections in the West and two bloody coups in January ani July, 1966. SLEW PREMIER The January, 1966, coup as sasslnated Prime Minister Abu bakar T if ay a Balewa and ended civilian government. I followed three years uf mount ing political strife and a para lysing general strike ill 1964. A group of young mainly- Eastern officers led tlu's coup but their military rule ended six months later with assassination and flcollier military takeover. A young officer from a minor- ity Northern tribe emergec from the July coup as supreme military commander and heac of state. Lt.-Col. Yakubu Go won, later major-general was Africa's youngest leader al the age of 32. Although (he military was In control, the basic causes of the political turmoiJ were still present. The three major and now-banned political parties were based upon regional, and thus tribal, Hausa-Fulani of the North, the Yoruba of the West and the Ibo of the East. RIVALRY IS KEY The rivalry of these parlies dominated Nigerian politics for the first (ive years of independ- ence. One of the basic problems was the unequal size oi the re. gions. The vast Northern region had more than 50 per cent of the population and occupied more than two-thirds of the country. Many in tlie East and Ihe West regarded the North as a threat to their ambitions and even to their economic viability In September, 19C6, this still- heated rivalry and hostility boiled over into widespread massacres of Ibos and other Easterners living in (lie North. Regarded by many as t h c country's most industrious and adaptable tribe, the Ibos fled to their homeland in thousands, leaving enormous gaps in Indus, tries and the civil service where they dominated key posts. Talks between the federal military government and Eastern lead- ers to prevent secession repeat- edly broke down because Ibos feared further persecution and domination under Uie country' Northern rulers. The Easterners saw Uie crea tion of 12 states as a final a tempt not at reform, but a splitting their land an strength. To the federal side, the wa (hat began in July, 1967, was short, sharp "police action" t preserve the country's unity. But the war dragged on an It .was only when the Biafran collapsed in January that N geria restored the superficia. unit it started out with. The reconciliation Gowon or dered has been far more wide- spread that most observers ex pected and the Ibos, busy pick ing up the pieces in their rav aged homeland, have started t return to most parts of Ui country. New Deputy Minister Appointed EDMONTON (CP) Donald I. Gardner has been appointee deputy minister of labor, effec tive immediately, the Alberta labor department announce! here. He fills the vacancy created by the retirement of Dr. K. A Pugh, deputy minister since 1959. A native Alberta, Mr. Card ner was appointed vice-chair, man of the board of Industrie' relations in the department in 1963 and has been assistant to the deputy minister since May 1, 1970. Old Guard' Grits Voice Objections CALGARY (CP) Some veteran Liberals in Alberta do mt like the way Prime Minis, er Pierre Trudenu is opening he party's decision-making processes, MP Patrick Mahon- :y said Monday. He told a Calgary South Con stituency meeting that efforts lo make the Liberal party com- munity-oriented have "not been met with undiluted enthusiasm within our party here in Al- Brta." The objections came mostly rom members of "the old whom Mr. Mahoney de- lined to identify. "They don't like it because it in open meetings such as lis rather than in their private ttle gatherings that the future f Ihe party is being deter- mined." The fedeal government has made such efforts to consult he people, he said, that "The 'hole style of government tus been rearranged." v m WESTERN WEAR and fhe INDIAN COWBOY RODEO v Proudly Present THE INTERNATIONAL ALL-INDIAN RODEO m ONLY THE 10 TOP FINALISTS in each event will be competing Lethbridge Exhibition Pavilion OCTOBER 2-3-4 Friday 8 p.m., Saturday 8 p.m., Sunday 2 p.m. TROPHIES WILL BE AWARDED FOR ALL EVENTS Bareback brone riding Calf roping Saddle, bronc riding Steer wrestling Jr. Girls' Barrel Racing Sr. Girls' Barrel Racing Boys' Steer riding Team roping Brahma bull riding SHOW ATTRACTIONS IAF CAHftl ERAflf wor'cl famoul danct trou-e- MICKEY BAGNELL MISS LAVERNA McMASTER ctT BLOOD INDIAN DANCE GROUP with hit two Well known rodeo clown and Bullfighter from Spokane, Wash. Mayor A. i Anderson has declared [FRL, SAT. and SUN. INDIAN FRIDAY and 2 ONLY BftN DAYS in Lethbridge OFFICIAL OPENING CEREMONIES FRIDAY P.M. By if MAYOR ANDY ANDERSON SENATOR JAMES GLADSTONE ADVANCE TICKETS ON SALE AT Herb's Western Wear, Marcel's Club Cigar Store, Marcel's Smoke Shop and Doug's Music and Sports Adults Students (13-18 with cards) Children (12 and under accompanied by parents) FREE APPROVED BY INDIAN COWBOY RODEO ASSOCIATION STOCK SUPPLIED BY McGOWAN RODEO, LETHBRIDGE. MICKEY BAGNELL will fighl a Mexican Brahma Bui! "EL 7QRO" EACH EVENING ;