Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 30, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
WINDY FORECAST HIGH THURSDAY 75-80 The Lethbridge Herald VOL. LXIII No. 244 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 30, 1970 I'HICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS FOUR SECTIONS 56 PAGES LAST PHOTO Presided Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, right, embraces Emir Sabah Salem el 5abah, ruler of Kuwait Monday as he bade farewell to Arab leaders at the end of an emergency summit conference in Cairo. It was almost at this moment that the 52-year-old Nasser felt the first spell of nausea and dizzi- ness signalling the heart atlack lhat was lo kill him three hours later. War Of Words Between Oil Companies -Low-Lead Gasoline By JOE DUPL'IS TORONTO (CP) A low-key war of words be- tween Canada's leading oil companies over lead-frea and low-lead gasolines has left the ordinary motorist somewhat bewildered. Three Canada Ltd., Imperial Oil Ltd., and Sun Oil Co. Ltd. Sunocop-have introduced these types of fuels in recent weeks. But others, such as Petrofina Canada Ltd., Gulf Oil Canada Ltd. and BP Canada Ltd. have declined to follow suit. Texaco Canada Ltd. has made no an- nouncement, although its United States parent firm is doing research on lead-free gasolines. The new fuels are designed for 1971 and future model automobiles which the oil companies expect will have lower compression-ratio engines. Exhaust sys- tems of future models, designed to eliminate pollu- tion, will not be a.ble to operate with leaded gasolines. One oil company spokesman suggested that motor- ists with pre-1971 models seek the advice of a quali- fied mechanic before attempting to use no-lead or low- lead gasolines. With proper readjustments, some cars that now use regular-grade gasolines can use the new fuels. New Fuels Costlier In addition, the new fuels will cost more. Shell has already announced the wholesale price of its new no-lead fuel, due to go on the market next month, will be 2% cents above the price of a gallon of regu- lar-grade gasoline. The American Petroleum Institute says lead-free gasolines could cost motorists two to four cents more a gallon. Both Petrofina and Gulf claim the introduction of the new fuels is premature, adding they will be ready to supply motorists when the fuels are necessary, probably in 1971. In a full-page newspaper advertisement, Gulf said emission-control devices won't be on the market for year or so "and taking the lead out of gaso- lines now will reduce exhaust emissions by only a mod- est amount." A Petrofina spokesman in Montreal said this week the promotion of no-lead and low-lead fuels by the three firms left the impression that they were the only ones fighting pollution with cleaner fuels. He said it was this implication that led lo Petro- fina producing a full-page newspaper advertisement Sept. 24 defending the company's position. The ad claimed that eliminating the lead content in gasoline, which only accounts for 0.2 per cent of total emis- sions, would not stop pollution, nor was lead emis- sion a health hazard. Objects To Ads Petrofina was objecting to advertisements by some firms which used such terms as "air "motor cleaner" and "harmful exhaust emissions" which Petrofina claimed implied a fight against pollution. A spokesman for Sunoco, which is selling low-lead ar.d no-lead gasoline at iLs outlets in central and west- ern Ontario, said low-lead fuels tend to reduce un- burned hydrocarbons by as much as 10 to 12 per cent. "it's a step in reducing automobile exhaust emis- sions, but it is not the total answer to pollution." An Imperial spokesman described lead emissions from automobile tailpipes as "a pollutant in the sense that it is fired out into the atmosphere but it is not an important pollutant." Nixon Canadian Reaction Mixed Tito" To New Gas, Oil Deal BELGRADE (CP) Richard M. Nixon, the first United States president to visit Yugo- slavia, arrived here today for talks with President Tito. The Middle East situation was high on their list of topics. Tito is a leader in the so- called non-aligned world and was a close friend of Gamal Abdel Nasser. But he decided to 'forgo the Egyptian president's funeral Thursday. Tlie U.S. president flew here from Naples, Italy, where he re- affirmed the American commit- ment to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. The president spent 65 hours in Italy, concluding his visit with conferences with NATO commanders and U.S'. envoys stationed in the Mediterranean area. In an address at NATO's southern command headquar- ters in a Naples suburb, he said the Mediterranean should not be an American sea but one "that will belong to all people." Nixon said that "in a period of instability, uncertainty and a possible lack of people need an instrument they "can hang on to." He said NATO is that instru- ment, and the United States "remains strong and firm in its commitment" to the alliance. He said the world is going through a period of change, which could replace confronta- tion with the Soviet Union with an era of negotiations, or it could hold great danger because of instability and lack of confi- dence. Troops Shatter Peace From Reutcrs-AP BERTUT, Lebanon (CP) Jordanian troops and Palestin- ian Arab guerrillas were en- gaged in fierce fighting on the approaches of Ramtha in north Jordan, the Syrian Arab news agency reported otday. It said Jordanian troops wera trying to seize Ramtha castle, but commandos "are fiercely resisting the attack to pre- vent Jordanian forces from con- trolling the city." The agency said some wounded already have arrived in Dera'a, Syria. It also said cars from carrying food, supplies and Jor- danian inhabitancy who fled dur- ing the recent turned back from Jordan to Dera'a and Damascus. SHELL TWO CITIES Earlier today an AI Fatah guerrilla spokesman charged that Jordanian troops shattered the peace agreement by shelling Irbid and Ramtha. The allegation came as word was still awaited that King Hus- sein's troops and Palestinian Arab guerrillas have started pulling out of Amman, as re- quested by the Arab ceasefire observers. Israel meanwhile has ex- pressed Its willingness lo ex- tend the ceasefire wilh Egypt after it expires Nov. 7. By THE CANADIAN PRESS Industry spokesmen generally approved increased exports of gas and oil to the United States but political critics hit hard at Ottawa in first reactions Tuesday. One comment on the gas deal was that it appeared to be the first step in a continental energy deal and the Liberal government had shown itself as incompetent in arranging it. GRANTED LICENCES Ottawa announced Tuesday foui' pipeline companies were granted licences for additional exports of G.3 trillion cubic feet of gas over terms of 15 to 20 years, raising total export com- mitments more than 50 per cent to more than 18 trillion feet. The four had sought total ex- ports of 7.4 trillion feet over 20 to 25 years. It was the biggest single increase in natural gas exports to the U.S. since pipe- line exports began in the late 1950s. before the announce- ment, the U.S. said the ceiling of barrels daily of Cana- dian crude oil east of the Rock- ies may possibly be raised by about barrels a day. Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield said Canada should have insisted on a fair share of the U.S. oil market before granting ths gas exports. TAKEN TO CLEANERS Canada is the country boy taken to the cleaners by the Yankee traders, NDP Leader T. C. Douglas said today. Mr. Douglas said the govern- ment has given away Canada's best bargaining weapon. Canada was locking itself even further into the U.S. econ- omy and was in danger of be- coming like Latin America With permanent unemployment and inflation. James Laxer of Kingston, Ont., a spokseman for the NDP radical Waffle group, said the sale appeared to be the first step in a continental energy deal. "Even on Its own terms the Liberal government has been in- competent he said. Mr. Laxer said the move does not follow a nationalistic speech by Energy Minister J. J. Greene in Denver when he said gas would be sold only if the U.S. agreed to changes in its oil import quotas. However, in Calgary, A. R. Neilsen, chairman of the Canadian Petroleum Association board of governors, said the gas move was the "first real break- tlirough" in attempts to in- crease exports to (lie U.S. Carl Nickle, pubh'sher of the Nicklc Daily Oil Bulletin, said the relaxation of natural gas re- strictions will mean an increase in Canadian oil exports of more that barrels a day begin- ning Oct. 1. On the surface the Ottawa an- nouncement appears good, ha said, adding it appeared the log jam in the tangled U.S.-Cana- dian relations over energy is be- ginning to break up. Gradual Tax Plan Urged OTTAWA (CP) The Senate banking committee urged the government Wednesday to abandon plans for major revi- sion of the income tax system, proposing gradual, moderate changes rather than ton-to-bot- tom reform. While accepting some propos- als iji the government's tax- change white paper of last Nov- capital gains tax in a form "not too onerous" committee opposed cen- tral white paper features on the taxation of corporations and shareholders. In a special report tabled in the Senate after eight months of study, the committee of govern- ment and opposition senators proposes gradual and moderate amendment of the present sys- tem in some spots. Rejecting "the over-all major changes to the income tax structure recommended by the white the committee adds: "Your committee feels lhat It would be far more sensible and safe to introduce gradually amendments to the existing tax system, such as limited capital gains tax and partial amend- ments to the dividend tax credit and natural resource incentives, ralher than take the chance perhaps adversely arid seriously affecting the whole economy of this country." There's been another thuffle'.' Agnew Just Like Truman -He's Giving 'Em Hell MINOT, N.D. (AP) Vice- President Spiro T. Agnew says he is carrying on the Harry S. Truman tradition of "give 'em hell" campaigning criss-crossing this na- tion telling the truth and they still think it's hell." The Republican vice-presi- dent invoked the noted political characteristic the former Democratic president in a speech Tuesday night to a Republican political rally after noting lhat Truman had spoken in Minot exactly 18 years before. Truman's give 'em hell campaign was launched in 1948 when he was elected president. He said that "if we were to cut and run before the South Vietnamese can adjust to de- fend themselves, South Viet- nam would A WESTERN FAN Jiggs, an orang-oulang, is one of the animals at the Calgary Zoo who enjoys television. Gorillas ana1 orang-outangs, watching television for about a month, are relaxed by the viewing. "They like the western all the said education director Ron Fjndlay. See story Page 19. World Leaders Gather For Nasser Funeral From CAIRO (CP) Kings, presi- dents and diplomats from all over the world gathered in Cairo for Gamal Abdsl Nasser's state funeral Thursday, but the cortege of the fallen Egyptian president will belong to the peo- ple. The government requisitioned Cairo's major hotels to house the dignitaries, including Sena- tor Paul Martin of Canada, who began arriving Tuesday night. Millions of Nasser's subjects also poured into the city and its suburb, Kubbeh, where his body lay in state in the presi- dential palace and will be bur- ied in a public mosque. Cairo radio said the funeral procession will begin at the old revolutionary headquarters of Gezira Island in the Nile River and will end at the mosque, five miles from Kubbeh Palace. The high-ranking foreigners will march across Kasr el Nil Bridge into Cairo, through Lib- eration Square and on to the premises of the Arab Socialist Union, by Nasser's decree the only political party in Egypt. There the heads of state and official representatives will withdraw, and the mourning Arab multitudes will take the procession through areas which Nasser had developed early in his reign to symbolize change in Egyptian life. BURIAL AT MOSQUE Burial will be fit Manshiet el Bakary Mosque, built with pub- lic donations two years ago. Nasser himself contributed to .the project. Moslem tradition says Nas- ser's interment should havs been within '24 hours of his death Monday of a heart attack at 52. It was delayed to allow representatives ol foreign gov- ernments to arrive. Prime Min- ister Trudeau designated Sena- tor Martin to represent Canada. Premier Alexei N. Kosygin of the Soviet Union, Nasser's niost prominent patron during the last few years, was among the first to arrive. Weeping as he left his plane, he was embraced by Anwar Sadat, ths acting Egyptian president, and Gen, Mohammed Fawzi, com- mander-in-chief of Egypt's mili- tary, their eyes reddened by tears. Sadat, one of two military ficers remaining in power of the seven who overthrew King Fa- rouk and set up the republic In 1952, presided over an emer- gency meeting of the cabinet and the executive committee of the Socialist Union soon after Nasser died of a coronary thrombosis. Nasser's chair to the centre of a long table waj vacant as the leaders presum- f bly discussed when bo select a permanent successor. Cairo radio said there was no statement after the 90-minuta session. The constitution says the comes provisional president on the death of the president for a period not to. exceed 60 days. Tho Socialist Union Is desi Bated to choose the successor. Freed Hostages On Way Home PAUL MARTIN represents Canada Repeal Recommended By V.S. Group ATHENS (AP) The last six hijack hostage released by Pal- estinian guerrillas in Jordan left today for New York. The six United States men ar- rived from Amman via Nicosia, Cyprus, aboard a Cyprus Air- ways flight and then switched to a TWA jetliner for their direct flight to New York. The six are Gerald 31, a professor from Bronx Community College, a branch of City University of New York; Rabbi Abraham Harari-Raful, 35, and his rabbi brother, Jo- seph, 33, both of Brockyln; Rob- ert Schwartz, 48, and James Wood, 38, both defence depart- ment employees, and John Hoi- lingworlli, 43, of Sacramento, Calif., a state department em- ployee. They had been held most of the time in the city of Irbld, In northern Jordan, a scene of fierce fighting in the Jordanian civil war. They were quartered in a school basement out of the way of the fighting. The release of the six cleared the way for Switzerland, West Germany and Britain to free seven Arab commandos, as de. manded by the Palestine guer. nllas. THREE RELEASED Switzerland released the three it held, a West German spokes- man said its three probably would be released Thursday and a British spokesman said Leila Khaled, an Arab girl hijacker, would he released as soon as arrangements can be made. Censorship Law Change Sought WASHINGTON (AP) The presidential commission on por- nography has recommended the repeal of most U.S. adult cen- sorship laws. The commission's r e p o r I, however, recommends enact- ment of stale laws against ex- posing children lo smut or put- ting it on public no ban on written erotica in eilher a mass sex education program partly to blunt Ilio public's taste for perverted sex information. The finding that pornography docs not cause sex crimes is modified, apparently at least in part because ol statistics show- ing an increase in rape arrcsUi since an increase in erotica in the United States. But the report still says exten- sive investigation has "found no evidence to date lhat exposure to explicit sexual material plays a signiticent role in the causa- tion of delinquent or criminal behavior among youth or adults." And it says the powerful influ- ences in the current flux in U.S. sexual values include ready availability of contraceptives, the changing American woman's role, increased educa- tion and the in- crease in pornography. Three dissenting commission- ers accused the commission majority o[ manipulating evi- dence and proposing moral an- archy. They recommended stif- fer anti-obscenity laws, prose, cuting divisions in the justice department ind state film cen- sorship boards. Besides fears of national moral decay, the report says, it considered concern that legali- zation of pornography for adults would lead lo grealer exposure to children. But it says: "It seems too wholly inappropriate lo adjust the level of adult communica- tion to that considered suitable for The commission says stale laws against pornography for children are recommended be. cause it is less confident about evidence such material does not hurt them, because there is a grealer public consensus for such laws and because it be. lieves parents should have con- trol over what their children see. But it says laws should cover only graphically defined ob- scene pictures because written material inappropriate for chil- dren is loo ditticuult (o define. For HID same reason, Ihe commission says, laws against public display of obscene pic- tures should not try lo ban dirly words. Such words are so com- monly used they have lost their power lo shock. SMH and Heard ABOUT TOWN Ed Kurtz fak- ing a wrong turn down a one-way street and giving a friendly wave to ptliers who wer.e waving to point out his predicament George Casllcs, principal of Wilson Junior High School, locking himself and IJie students out of school during a recent (ire drill Lelhbridge native court worker Albert Lanalac, at a recent Friendship Cen- tre dance, saying "It's a great way to practise for the ueit now Truck Hit By Gunfire SPRINGFIELD, Mo. (AP) A truck loaded with commercial explosives, apparently hit by gunfire, disintegrated on the western edge of Springfield early today. The driver was presumed dead. The Missouri Highway Patrol' reported a few hours later two ncn and two women had besn in conned ion wilh Uie case. Their names with- held. A witness told authorities he saw a man in a passing car firs a shot at the truck as it ap- proached the Springfield city limits. Teamsters union Local 823 has been on strika against ths firm Sept, 14.