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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta A collection of brief book reviews Saturday, LETHBRIDQE "Encounters With Arctic Animals" by Fred Bruemmer. (McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd., 254 This is a factual tableau of the animals that frequent the Arctic region. It does not con- fine itself to just the Canadian Arctic nor to the ordinary Arctic animals' one usually reads about. The seals, caribou and polar bear are all there, but so are the more un- usual species such as the muskox, the lemming and the almost unbelievable narwhal. A narwal? You won't believe this animal. It is a type of whale, blue-gray in color and 16 to 20 feet long. Big deal, you say, just another whale. But oh how wrong you are. Protruding out of the left side of the nawhals' face is a spiral tusk-like object of up to 10 feet in length. This protru- sion is really an elongated canine tooth. It puts one in mind of a unicorn. There go the evolutionists, the narwhal evolving from the unicorn, or is it the other way around? Filling this book with per- sonal observations and ex- periences, the author has made it an extremely en- joyable work. The photographs in some cases are superb and all add to the beau- ty and the educational aspect of the book as well. Without the six photos of the narwal, who'd ever believe they ex- isted? The author's experiences with polar bears are somewhat unique and along with the amusing tales of the muskox' charge they make for the type of reading seldom found in a book of this nature. The book is thoroughly en- joyable and well worth the price tag. GARRY ALLISON "Harvest Home" by Thomas Tryon (Random House of Canada Limited, 401 pages, Thomas Tryon, noted film, stage and television actor has written one previous novel, The Other. This, his second, is a mystery so blood-chilling, so calculating that the hairs on the back of your neck will rise with each turn of the page. Ned, Beth and Kate Con- stantine, city mice turned country mice, make a fresh start away from big city life in New York in the New England village of Cornwall Coombe. What starts out for the Con- stantine's as an idyllic life soon turns into the most horrible, nightmarish ex- perience imaginable. A thriller par excellence! ANNE SZALAVARY "An Introduction to English Folk Song" by Maud Karpeles (Oxford University Press, 120 pages, who teach Sunday School classes may find the Livingstone kit a useful supplement when telling the story of missionary work. Lewis Carroll may be suitable for students aged 11 and over who are working on a language project. Teachers who like to read Alice in Wonderland to their students, and all Alice enthusiasts, should find the material in this kit particularly interesting. If Jackdaw material is used extensively, lamination and mounting on cardboard are es- sential. This extra cost must be added to the purchase price. It's also necessary to devise some accounting system to ensure that the contents of the kit (up to 14 pieces) are not lost. Interesting publications: inspect before buying. TERRY MORRIS Beasts in my Belfry" by Gerald Durrell (Collins, 191 Fans of Gerald Durrell and there must be hosts of them by now will be delighted to learn that he has written yet another book about his experiences with animals, including the human variety. This book relates his ex- periences as an employee at Whipsnade, a subsidiary of the London Zoo. Most of it simply deals with the animals he cared for and studied during his year at Whipsnade. He relates such delightful stories as the one about a brown bear whom he chanced upon with his eyes closed and a paw in his mouth "singing" to. himself. Durrell mimiced the bear and amazingly the beast joined in for a duet. After that they had many sessions of har- monization of popular tunes. One of the points Durrell makes in this book will sur- prise a lot of people. He doesn't share an abhorrence of keeping animals in con- finement. Loss of freedodm is no great thing he says. Animals in the wild have strict territories governed by three things: food, water, and sex. If these are provided in a limited area most animals will stay. Durrell thinks of zoos primarily as places where animals can be studied and secondarily as places where species being pushed to ex- tinction can be saved and bred back to good supply. He appeals to all who share his concern for preserving wildlife to send s subscription to his Jersey Wildlife Preser- vation Trust, Les .Augres Manor, Jersey Channel Islands. DOUG WALKER long-time iamily friend, the attorney is persuaded to de- tend him. He discovers he may not have been given all the lacts ot the case and finds himself in deep trouble with the family which now includes his wife and father-in-law, and also involved in a searing ethical dilemma. As seems to the fashion now, solutions to the deeper problems are not to be found "in the back of the book." so to speak. Author Masur enjoys a fine reputation as a crime writer and story teller. This, his tenth novel, should not lose him any of his devoted readers. J. W. F. "The Mirrored Spectrum" introduced hy Mme. Jeanne Sauve (Ministry of State for Science and Technology, The :iO reports about achievements in Canadian science and technology- collected in this booklet are the result of a project super- vised by Professor Marvin Schiff of Carleton Univer- sity's school of journalism. There was a two-fold purpose in the project: to publicize what Canadian researchers are accomplishing and to en- courage young people to think of specializing in science reporting Most of the infor- mation provided here will be new to the non-scientist and should generally prove to be of interest. On the whole the young writers have done a good job of making their sub- jects intelligible. DOUG WALKER "At the Mouth of The Luckiest River" by Arnold A. Griese. Illustrated by Glo Coalson. (Thomas Y. Crowed Co., 64 pages, dis- tributed by Fitzhenry and Tatlek. the crippled Athabascan Indian boy, is caught in a power struggle with the powerful medicine man of his tribe. The lad, han- dicapped by a twisted foot since birth, overcomes the physical defect he is burdened with and courageously turns his handicap to his advantage. His is a story of courage to be enjoyed by young readers as the author weaves fact and fiction together in a pleasing manner. The illustrations, particularly the front jacket, will be enjoyed by the reader as well. GARRY ALLISON THE VOICE OF ONE Dr. Frank S. Morley Victim of. American imperialism? Dipping days are done Of all the creations of mankind, the always young, never old. yet ever changing folk song is one of the most fascinating Through the ages, it has survived to our clay, preserving the traditions of the old. Originating mostly with the peasant, it is general- ly known as the song of the people close to nature and is rather a community than an individual expression. It is predominantly roman- tic, sometimes tragic, always full of superstition. Words play an integral part in the folk song and an old Breton, proverb that "celui qui perd scs mots, perd son air" seems to support that theory suf- ficiently. (But then, what is wrong with the old la la Maud Karpeles revels an immense repertoire of the English folk song, lingering here and there to explain name and nature of the song, its relationship to art music, ballads and different categories of folk songs. Their apparent indestructability is hope inspiring to a point whore mankind might be blessed for a long time with the beauty of the old. a beauty almost awe-inspiring when compared with the often trite creations of today: full of reality perhaps, but void of gallant romanticism and most important, dignified idealism and beauty of melody. Hans Schaufl "The Bear Paw Horses" by Will Henry, (McClelland and Stewart Ltd., 214 This is a fact-based story, colored by the author to make an exciting, interesting tale of the west. The story concerns the 23-day drive of over 350 horses to the waiting Nez Perce warriors trapped near the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana. The story brings out the treachery of the white man during the Indian wars as well as focusing on the bravery of the small group risking death driving (he horses northward. The book is well written and the reader can picture many of the scenes quite readily in the mind's eye. It is the type of tale that lends readily to the movie screen. Some of the historic facts are bent slightly to fit the cir- cumstances. It would be ex- tremely interesting to know exactly where fact ends and fiction starts in many cases. But this aside, it is an en- joyable book. GARRY ALLISON WALTER KERBER, photo Seminal study of Western Canada "Livingston in "54- 40 or and "Lewis Carroll" (Clark, Irwin Com- pany Limited. Jackdaw kits are useful for students' research projects and as teaching aids. They contain photographs, copies of original documents, and a review of the topic dealt with by the kit. Just on 200 Jackdaw kits are available with a special listing devoted to Canadian topics. The vocabulary in Livingstone in Africa and 54- 40 or Fight, is very difficult and geared to the needs of high school students. Those "The Attorney" by Harold Q. Masur (Random House of Canada, Ltd. 308 pages, After what seems a very leisurely start, though it is really just an unusually pain- staking piece of stage-setting, the author presents a rather complex plot, one that includes a love affair, a murder and a family confron- tation, and that finally works itself out in a courtroom. A rising young attorney is invited to join a prestigious law firm, and soon finds himself enmeshed in the fami- ly business of the wealthy and pompous senior partner, who (naturally) has an attractive daughter. When a highly favored young protege of the older lawyer is charged with the very messy murder of a prominent actress, also a "A History of the Canadian West to 1870-71" by Arthur S. Morton (University of Toronto Press, 1088 Originally published in 1939, this book, which has long been unattainable, is the seminal study of western Canada before confederation. It ranks as the outstanding authoritative history in its field not only by reason of its scholarship, but because the author knew the territory in- timately. Morton (1870-1945) is one of the best historians the nation has produced. Like many other famous men, he was a son of the manse who was born in Nova Scotia. His father took his family to Trinidad where he founded a Presbyterian mission. He was educated there and at Edin- burgh University where he commenced his life-long study of the Hudson's Bay Com- pany. After being ordained a Presbyterian minister, he came to Canada in 1896. He lectured in church history at Presbyterian colleges in Halifax and Toronto before joining the staff at The University of Saskatchewan in 1914 where he remained for the next 25 years. By exten- sive field work over many years he located the sites of. numerous fur-trading posts across western Canada. This book is the fruit of Mor- ton's mature years and has been rightly regarded as a masterpiece of synthesis, organization and insight which paved the way for succeeding historians. This most welcome new edi- tion contains a preface and in- troduction by Professor L. G. Thomas, a noted University of Alberta historian, and an appendix of notes which had been compiled by the author in anticipation of a second printing. Readers, whose interest in this period of western Cana- dian history has been whetted by James G. MacGregor's A History of Alberta (recently reviewed on this page) are en- couraged to read this readable scholarly work. The story closes a few years before the arrival of the North West Mounted Police on the western prairies. The preliminary chapters deal with the geography and ethnology of what was to be callled Rupert's Land, and with the approach of Euro- pean explorers. In Chapter III the founding of the Hudson's Bay Company is traced in fresh perspective from records in the Hudson's Bay archives. It was Morton's use of company sources that more than anything else gave his history its unique value. (The original documents are now available on microfilm in Ottawa.) The search for the western sea and the conflict with New France are outlined in Chapter IV. In Chapters V and VI the conflict betweeen the Hudson's Bay Company and the independent fur- traders of the North West Company is described. This is the central theme of this seminal work. This struggle only ended with the coalition of 1821. Personally, I found this the most fascinating sec- tion of the book. Chapters VIII, IX, and X trace the fortunes of the fur trade, the Red River settle- ment and the story of the British west coast possessions down to the union of Van- couver Island and the mainland of British Columbia. The "drift" of Rupert's Land and the Northwest Territory towards confederation with Canada is described in Chapter XI, while the closing two chapters trace the dis- turbance, sometimes called the first Riel Revolt, at Red River in 1869-70. Morton closes his account with the transfer of Rupert's Land and the territory beyond to Canada, and the union of British Columbia with the Dominion in 1871. Professor Morton's es- timates of men and events are, in most cases, as valid to- day as when he penned them. Adventurers, explorers and pioneers come to life in this book. As an historian, he exer- cised the meticulous care which is often associated with the archivist and antiquarian. As critics have noted, Morton "viewed western Canadian history as part of the story of the great frontier of the British Empire." Professor Thomas points out that the operative word is not "frontier." Morton's sharpest insights, his appreciation, for example, of the impact on the west of the intellectual movements of 18th and early 19th century England, indicate an attitude of mind remote from that of the apostle of the frontier. Was Chile a victim of American im- perialism? Undoubtedly the vast majority of mankind thinks so, though there are serious reservations to such a conclusion. This world opinion is a strong blow to world peace and an instigation to revolution in the view that the "latifundistas" who mismanage agrarian empires, or the great companies who monopolize resources, can only be abolished by violence. One would suppose that a nation had the right to be the ultimate arbiter of its own destiny, but self-determination is almost im- possible for Chile. The suspension of American economic aid was a crippling blow, since Chile used to receive more dollar assistance than any other Latin nation. The U.S. feared that Chile's Marxist government threatened its hegemony over the west coast, a fear aggravated by Castro's visit. The U.S., absurdly claims that Cuba presents a menace to Amerca sovereignty. Cuban neutralism is abhorrent to the U.S. Foster Dulles said. "Neutralism is immoral." because in the struggle with communism both sides consider that he who is not for us is against us. Cuban economic and political emancipation from the U.S. is as menacing as Czech independence to Russia. Fear grew in Chile last year of an attack engineered by the CIA or even an economic block by the U.S. Expropriation of American property without reimbursement also had strained relations badly. The middle class had been embittered as its standards plummeted during the economic upheavals of the last two years. Women held protest marches against food and other shortages. The inflation rate had been 100 per cent a year and a flourishing black market had dis- counted the national currency by as much as 800 per cent. Chile faced an agricultural crisis as Cantm piovince, "the breadbasket of Chile." suffered a dramatic decrease in dairy and grain products. In Nuble Province the production of sugar this year was only 60 per cent of that of 1972. This was at least in part a consequence of the expropriation of 100 large fundos equal to a million acres, their settle- ment by poachers, and production ceasing. All farms over 175 acres had been ex- propriated and given to the peasant? The foreign debt escalated to billion at the end of 1971 and the foreign exchange dwindled from million to million in the same year. There has been a disastrous exodus of skilled Chileans to other countries. Copper, responsible for over 75 per cent of Chile's foreign currency has declined in value on world markets. The decision of Allende to take over the Compana Manufacturera de Papeles y Cartones pulp firm was considered a threat to a free press. Nitrate, still an im- portant produce, was heavily hit by the development of synthetic fertilizer. In his book. Inside South America, Gunther says of Chile. "The army plays no role whatever in political life." The army does have a democratic tradition, but talk of army intervention increased as the army resented many of Allende's acts. On June 30 Allende suppressed an army coup and declared mar- tial law. Finally the inevitable rebellion came. It is very sad, civil war being sure with ex- tremists in control. Allende with his benevolent father image, a lawyer's son, a doctor, a Freemason, wearing elegant ties, horn-rimmed glasses, and a neat moustache, with deep humanitarian convictions, was an unlikely Marxist. Now other and more brutal men will take his place. They will cause more havoc and bloodshed than the frequent, fear- ful Chilean earthquakes. As the hunting season opens By Nr.rma Shologan, local writer PROFESSOR ERNEST MARDON COALDALE Each year the hunter- farmer relationship in almost all rural areas seerns to deteriorate a little more, until now it is almost in need of some form of ar- bitration. Perhaps if they knew each other a little better, or tried to understand each other, they could find some common meeting ground. Mr. Hunter meet Farmer Brown Farmer Brown is the man who owns or rents the land you'll be wanting to use for hunting purposes during the hunting sea- son this year. He is by the very nature of his work, a lover of the land. He is intelligent, industrious and friendly; usually quite af- fable, when approached in a reasonable manner. Hunter, I must admit, after listening to one story after another, you have been treating him rather badly. He feels on the whole that you consider him nothing but a poor country rube, and you have taken advantage of his good nature. Like a spoiled child, given an inch, you have taken a mile. He is full of grievances, and as a result, field after field have been posted with hostile signs: NO HUNTING, HUNTERS WILL BE PROSECUTED, KEEP OUT. It is a sorry state of affairs, but it could be rectified if you, Mr. Hunter, would use some plain com- mon sense and good manners. Farmer Brown resents you entering his fields without permission; leaving gates open, breaking fences and driving over grass- ed lands. If gates are closed, they are closed for a purpose. Perhaps, valuable livestock is pasturing on an adjoining field, and come to the water behind that closed gate. It is time- consuming and irksome, to say the least, to round up the herd your carelessness allowed to escape. The same applies to the fences you break you can climb over a fence without breaking it. (I've heard reports of fences be- ing deliberately cut.) Then, there are those of you, Mr. Hunter, who shoot tame geese and ducks on ponds and dugouts that have been built some distance from the farmstead. Your excuse? You didn't know they were tame and, besides, the pond was some distance from the buildings. Ponds are often dug in these locations for reasons: children's safety, to avoid seepage problems or easy accessibility to irrigation ditches. Littering is another offence you've been guilty of, Mr. Hunter. Pop cans, beer bottles, cigarette cases, shell cases, all can be in- jurious to the feet of livestock. Littering is an offence punishable by stiff fines, and yet, fields and lake banks yield rnute testimony that YOU were there. Farmer Brown is puzzled by your attitude towards his proper- ty, especially when he drives down neat residential streets and sees your well-kept yards reflecting the love and care you so laboriously lavish upon them. He, too, loves his fields and wonders how you would react if he were to camp on your lawn, and leave his litter for you to pick up. When pheasant season opens he is busily harvesting his sugar beets. It shakes him up a bit when you charge into his fields, gun at ready, in hot pursuit of a fleeing bird. Suddenly, he finds himself the "middleman" in the middle between you and the bird. Naturally he blows his top and loses his cool. You really can't blame him; he doesn't know you consider yourself a crack shot! Then you go skulking off like a whipped pup. Farmer Brown's gripes are based on some pretty sound evidence. Last year he raised six pheasants. (He had accidentally run over the hen with a disc.) He had no intention of killing them, he fed them down by the barn, and they roamed freely in his .grove of trees. In the fall, an unscrupulous hunter came into the yard, and shot four of them. Was this sporting or commendable? Now Farmer Brown has reached the point where he says emphatically, "Get out and stay out. if you can't respect me and my property, why should I try to get along with When you bought your hunting licence you didn't buy the right to roam freely over every field and ditch that takes your fancy. You didn't buy the right to shoot anything that flies. Ducks, geese and pheasants are the game birds in our gulls, curlews, cranes, snipes, blackbirds, or even the lovely sparrows. These birds rid the fields of tons of crop-damaging pests e.g. mice, grasshoppers, web-worms, to name a few. Hunting serves a purpose for Farmer Brown, and he will admit it. Too many ducks and geese can completely strip a field of grain. It's a pity that you, Mr. Hunter, leave most of your good manners back in the city when you don your hip-waders and red cap. Perhaps, if you tucked a few on your pocket, along with your shells, you and Farmer Brown would be on more friendly terms. Farmer Brown meet Mr. Hunter Mr. Hunter is the man who comes out from hiding behind a desk in a stuffy office, or perhaps, a department store, and as a rule he lives in the noisy city. He can be seen slowlv cruising about the countryside, approximate- ly one week before hunting season opens. He will knock on your door and almost apologetically ask for permission to use the fields for hunting: he will be most grateful when it is granted. He is a man really dedicated to his sport. Why else would he leave a snug, warm bed, and crouch for hours in the cold and damp, waiting for the birds to come in? He leaves his vehicle on the road allowance, and walks into the fields, because walking is part of the sport. Hunting is good, hard work, and he appreciates it as such. He loves the challenge of outwitting the birds in their own territory. The exercise involved is good for both his mind and his body. It relaxes him. As he feels his tensions melt away, he can forget the pressures of his job, and truly enjoy watching a glorious western sunset. Mr. Hunter will often admit he has no taste for game birds himself and will give away most of his spoils. Ninety per cent of his brothers are like him: genial, reliable, responsible and trustworthy. They appreciate the privilege of using your land, Mr. Farmer, to pursue the age-old sport of hunting. In return, they respect your feelings and your property. It is the other 10 per cent who have spoiled it for Mr. Hunter. It is a pity to have such a few spoil it for those who reaily are true sportsmen. They should not be judged together. Until such time as we have hunting reserves, it would be ideal if the government would pass legislation making it mandatory that in order to obtain a hunting licence, the person applying would have to pass a written examination pertaining to the game laws and regulations of the province they are going to hunt in. Farmer Brown should contact the local Fish and Game Association by phoning Bob Vair, Joe Pisko, or Dave Hunt, and they will provide, free of charge, notices that plainly state that HUNTING IS PERMITTED with PERMISSION. Farmer brown is located: one half mile north, one mile west whatever the case may be. Farmer Brown can record Mr. Hunter's vehicle licence number, and explain that hunting on his land is done on an honor system: if any willful damage is noted, it is up to Mr. Hunter to report it, or else he will be held responsible. On grazing land NO HUNTING signs should be clear to all. So. Mr. Hunter, it is up to you to regain your lost reputation. Farmer Brown, please don't judge Mr. Hunter by the length of his hair, but rather on his perfor- mance in vour fields. ;