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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBHIDGE Kissinger activates UN principles Unwarranted suspicions Last week a news story concerning Quebec's plans tor revamping its social assistance programs referred to the new arrangements, as "Quebec's billion dollar welfare costs Unfortunately, this has been interpreted or rather, misinterpreted as evidence of yet another massive increase in iedeial largebbe to Quebec. That simply isn't so. While more federal money is involved in Quebec's new assistance programs, it is nothing more than Quebec's normal share of the men eases in social allowances that are scheduled to go to all Canadians, the increased family allowances, old age pensions, etc that were legislated at the special fall session of Parliament The reason there will be larger federal payments to Quebec lies in the special arrangement that exists between Ottawa and Quebec with respect to social allowances Family allowance cheques for Canadians outside Quebec are issued by the federal treasury, but the so-called baby bonus cheques payable to Quebec recipients are issued by the government of that province The money comes from the same source originally, but because of that special arrangement, the total amount of family allowances due to all citizens of Quebec is paid in a lump sum transfer by the federal treasury to the provincial government, and then dis- tributed from Quebec city by the provin- cial treasurer. There is a comparable arrangement lor old age pensions, welfare payments, and various other social allowances. Ot- tawa pays them in bulk to Quebec, and the Quebec government distributes the money (after adding or substracting what it thinks appropriate to individual citizens In the story that seems to have triggered the all-too-easily aroused suspicions of some westerners that Quebec is getting away with something, a closer reading would have shown anyone interested in the facts of the case that nothing of the sort has occurred. Any increase in amounts paid to the Quebec government by reason of recently passed legislation will only be in proportion to the increases that will go to individuals in other provinces UNITED NATIONS, N Y It the United Nations does nothing else for the statesmen of the world, it manages somehow to make them pay attention to their hopes and ideals They don't really believe in the UN as an effec- tive instrument for keeping the peace, but they defend its pi incipleb in theory even when they defy them in practice Thib is what Henry Kissinger did in his first ma- jor speech as secretary of state before the UN General Assembly came here with the reputation as a negotiator between the major powers, as a believer in peace through By James Reston, New York Times commentator negotiation among the giants, as a cynic and even Spenglenan pessimist about the capacity of men and nations to organize for the common good. Yet he surfaced, almost as a Utopian, arguing not for a1 league of dominant nations but lor a league of minds, not for the spirit of domination by the giants, but for a "world community" based on com- mon purposes. "The United he said, "will never be satisfied with a world of uneasy truces, of offsetting blocs, of accom- modations of convenience We know that power can enforce a Learn from England A buyer's market exists in England. Even though real estate offices are bulg- ing with listings sellers refuse to believe that last autumn's peak prices no longer apply Thev won't believe they can't get the price their neighbor's got last year and have to bring their prices down Consequently an increasing number are stuck with two houses (the new one they have purchased and the old one they can't They are finding it necessary to obtain bridging loans (with interest as high as 16 per cent when sign- ing a contract for a new house without knowing if they can sell their own at the asking price England's buyer market commenc- ed last January when the mortgage sit- uation suddenly became impossible, reaching alarming proportions The gap between asking prices and final prices is now between and Only in Scotland, where owner-occupiers are a much smaller proportion of the housing market, and many houses are cheap, has no price reduction been realized What's happening in England is worth heeding here Canada's housing scarcity has forced buyers to pay exhorbitant ask- ing prices (rising as much as in six months to a Mortgage interest is now between nine and 10 per cent with some new home buyers forced to meet payments of up to monthly This figure may look alright on paper but when a wage earner moves into the house he may still be faced with land- scaping, fence and basement completion costs, plus light, heat, telephone, car ex- penses, food and clothing all pretty hefty responsibilities on top of his monthly mortgage The question remains how long can the average wage earner meet today's ask- ing prices and the demanding monthly payments9 The situation is serious but should buyers panic Canadians may be faced with the real estate slump facing England today 'I see they're still upping prices on old stock in the stores. Can Stanfield deliver the stuff? By Anthony Westall, Toronto Star commentator Three cities in South Africa Johannesburg. Cape Town and Durban have resolved to eliminate "petty" apartheid Councillors in these aro anxious to eliminate as many of the irritating and humiliating regulations affecting non-whites as possible The move may not result in much change, however Only city bylaws can be rescinded and most of the irritating to non-whites segregation provisions are parliamentary in origin Segregation in post offices, at railway stations, in hospitals and in hotels cannot be changed bv municipal councils Any notion that the ruling Nationalist Party might be induced to soften its position on apartheid is illusory When the prime minister was asked about "petty" apartheid, he said he did not know what it meant there was only apartheid Separate counters and stair- cases are part of the whole program of reminding whites that they are white and blacks that they are black The stressing of color differences is a cornerstone of Nationalist policy Although the Zulu leader, Chief Gatsha Buthelexi, has described the intention of municipal officials to reduce "petty" apartheid as a meaningful breakthrough for race relations in South Africa, others THE WEEKEND MEDITATION 'Petty' apartheid are dubious. Mr. D. K Singh, an Indian professional man in Durban, says that blacks are interested now in more fun- damental things. One of the things he might have had in mind is the move on the part of black leaders to federate the eight Bantustans a scheme in which Chief Buthelezi has a part, as it happens The united blacks is something the architects of apartheid would not welcome they want the blacks to remain fragmented in their tribal territories. A federation would obviously pose a threat to the whites in South Africa Twenty million united blacks must frighten the four million whites even if the blacks are kept relatively powerless. Nobody in southern Africa is unaware of liberationist forces in other places. They do not need reminders such as the one given recently by the deputy chief minister of the Lebowa Bantustan, Mr. Collins Rumussi, that the whites need not expect the blacks to defend them "when the terrorists come to attack them." It is this kind of talk that is probably making councillors in the cities of South Africa want to reduce the irritations of "petty" apartheid. But even if the ruling party could be induced to permit wide changes it may be too late. OTTAWA In the preface of his new book, Stanfield, Geoffrey Stevens says of the Conservative leader "I like and respect Mr Stanfield I suspect he might make an exceptionally capable Prime Minister Readers of this carefully researched account of Robert Stanfield's life and ac- complishments will almost certainly come to share Mr Stevens' liking and respect for his subject But they may reasonably question the se- cond part of the judgment that Mr Stanfield's background and experience suggest that he would make a good leader for today's Canada Mr Stevens writes warmly and evocatively of Mr Stan- field's family background in Nova Scotia, his childhood, education and early work ex- periences the years which usually set a man in the style which he will follow through his adult life. It was the period of the First World War, the Jazz Age, the Depression, the revolution m political and social ideas which swept the world But Mr Stanfield seems to have lived a sort of charmed life, apart from the rush of events or involved only in narrow, intellectual ways His lifestyle was almost Vic- torian, his experience limited He was born and raised in Truro, a small town in the small province of Nova Scotia Father ran the family's famous underwear company, taking paternal care of his workers, lending them money to buy houses, and sending flowers to the funerals Mother was the local Lady Bountiful, supporting the church and local chanties, taking particular interest in the poor blacks in the com- munity The Stanfield family was high Tory in politics. Anglican in religion, well-to-do but not ostentatious One might say that they were members of the new squirearchy the owners of industry who took over from the owners of land as the leaders of their com- munities Life was serene for young Bob, and by Mr Stevens' ac- count. Truro was a good town for ordinary people also Nevertheless, there was enough poverty to prick Mr. Stanfield's social conscience, and when he went off to nearby Halifax to attend un- iversity, he studied economics to try to find out what was wrong with system He even dabbled with socialism, but the pohticization did not go very deep Mr. Stevens describes a cy- cle tour which Mr Stanfield made through Germany in 1936 He was young, wealthy, educated, and in power, but what his compa- nion remembers is that Mr. Stanfield was tight with his money and spent hours searching for the cheapest glass of milk in each place they visited. Later, at Harvard, he was in- competition with some of the brightest young minds in North America at the famous law school He did well academically, but was hardly involved in the social and political life of the university, although that was the exciting age of Roosevelt and the eve of the Second World War Mr Stevens describes him as leading a monastic life in a modest boarding house His romantic life was similarly reserved, he became engaged in 1937 but did not see the girl again until 1939 The war was a mind- blowing experience for many- young men But not for Mr Stanfield Unable to join the armed forces because of his health he worked as a lawyer for Wartime Prices and Trade Board, close to home in Halifax After the war, and still in Nova Scotia, he drifted into the leadership of the provincial Conservative party because he had nothing more interesting to do and did not need to work to earn a living Eventually, he became premier, concerned mainly with the problem of bringing industry to a backward province He was moderately successful and highly popular There is no doubt from the record that Mr. Stanfield is intelligent, hardworking, compassionate But what is there to suggest that he knows much about urban industrial Canada in the second half of the Twentieth Century9 But read the book and form your own opinion BERRY'S WORLD resigned passivity, but only a sense of justice can enlist concensus "We strive for a peace whose stability rests not merely on a balance of forces but on shared aspirations We are convinced that a structure which ignores humane values will prove cold and empty and unfulfilhng to most of I mankind." It would be easy to demonstrate that Kissinger's speech was not a very ac- curate representation of many of Nixon's policies or even of his own diplomatic tactics abroad or his power politics in Washington This was Kissinger of Har- vard, the scholar and philosopher speaking It was a "maiden speech" in the House of Commons manner He is not only a good negotiator but a good politician and actor He was speaking to a new con- stituency in a new role, and he chose to talk about his hopes and doubts He was for the day Emer- son's "scholar in pos- ing the ancient human dilemma between optimism and pessimism, with a liitie bit of Adlai Stevenson's elo- quence and a lot of Spenglenan gloom But he didn't talk much about the realities of his problem in Washington For the mood in Washington is not noble, generous, or international, but parochial, grudging, narrowly vindic- tive, and highly nationalistic Secretary Kissinger talked about the necessity of creating a "world com- of "our policy of partnership in the western of "promoting conciliation in Europe." of assuring that all the people of the world are adequately fed, and of the dangers of a world "divided between the per- manently rich and the per- manently poor But the fact is that back in Washington Kissinger is deep- ly worried about a Congress that thinks the cold war is over, that believes it can pressure Moscow to liberate the Jews and be generous to its intellectual dissidents, that resents the commercial com- petition of the New Europe and Japan, and still thinks it has the power to make the world shape up "Are we Secretary Kissinger asked the UN. "to accept and infuse our labors with a new spirit9 Shall we proceed with one-sided" demands and sterile confron- tations9 Or shall we proceed in a spirit of compromise produced by a sense of com- mon destiny9" This is a speech that might usefully have been made by Kissinger in the cabinet room of the White House, and yet it would probably be wrong to call this hypocrisy Kissinger talked to the United Nations in the idealistic way Wilson, Roosevelt, Stimson, Monnet and even Churchill talked about the ideal world from time to time Letters to the Editor No cause for rejoicing True faith is enthusiastic In the twelfth chapter of Romans, ac- cording to Moffatt's translation, Paul ex- horts. 'Never let your zeal flag, maintain the spiritual glow When the glow goes a church becomes lukewarm, like that of Laodicea fit only to be spat out from the lips of men Love turns to ashes, work becomes drudgery, and all life es its inspiration to become a flatland. dreary and boring A doctor describes boredom as "the most deadly dis- ease.' responsible for "more real wretchedness, more torment driving men to folly or to what ministers call sin" than anvthing else 'Men and women will do almost anything to escape it, they drink, drug themselves, prostitute their bodies and sell their souls, they will take up mad causes, organize absurd crusades, fling themselves into lost hopes and crazy ventures to es- cape the misery of being bored Enthusiasm, however, has been held in high suspicion by many authorities Ronald Knox, in his book "Enthusiasm." is obviously frightened by it. though he concludes by see- ing it as a prime necessity in all" high enterprise Adam Smith was comforted by the reflection that "Science is the great an- tidote to the poison of enthusiasm Locke declared, "Enthusiasm is founded neither on reason nor divine revelation but rises from the conceits of a warmed and overweening brain Enthusiasm easily slips into fanaticism and a persecuting spirit The British essayist, Dryden, wrote, "Truth is never to be expected from authors whose un- dertakings are warped by enthusiasm Yet in all great achievement there is some necessary fanaticism and without enthusiasm nothing worthy is achieved Causes without passion are lost causes The leader who can- not rouse enthusiasm in his followers is doomed Though he distrusted enthusiasts, Arthur James Balfour in a letter to Mrs Drew stated that "enthusiasm moves the world It is certain that the early Christian church could never have been established without a passionate dedication Johannes Weiss in his History of Primitive Christianity says, "A tempestuous enthusiasm, an overwhelming intensity of feeling, an immediate awareness of the presence of God, an incomparable sense of power and an irresistible control over the will and inner spirit and even the physical conditions of other men these are ineradicable features of historic early Christianity In the plays of the Russian Chekhov, the apathy and lethargy of the aristocracy spells the doom of the Czanst state Without excitement and expectation nothing is created nothing endures Disraeli called certain statesmen of his day "extinct volcanoes Alas, this applies to other per- sonalities of today and not only statesmen' General Gordon, before going to the Sudan, went to number of churches for communion that he might "start brimful of God Is that not the meaning of enthusiasm, "en "in brimful of God9 PRAYER: Grant, 0 God, that I may be so filled with the Holy Spirit that the demons of fear, anxiety, and depression may be driven out, and I may have the spiritual glow. The opinion of the Lethbndge community may not play any dramatic part in deciding the fate of Ireland, but concern for sound interpretation of Irish affairs prompts me to comment on Mr Burke's articles I am sure that he will not mind a colleague and non-Irishman (though one whose mother, a Belfast Catholic, lived through the Orange and Black and Tan terror) intruding a few sombre thoughts upon his cheerful thesis Ireland is surely, as Mr. Burke says it is. people above all else But there is such a thing as an Irish nation, and one for which its bravest spirits and finest poets have had an intense, even mystical devotion Ireland is the land, the Christian faith, resistance to oppressive greed and mechanistic materialism, history, long centuries of suf fermg and loyalty through every attempt to subdue it, bear this out The people were shaped by the soil, fed by the faith, driven into exile, starv- ed and scourged and despised, cind all of this against the background of a history im- mensely rich in spiritual and intellectual endeavor. It would seem from Mr Burke's picture of Irish af- fairs that it no longer matters what becomes of that nation, that community of people. For the Bruish have at long last won the only conquest that matters the conquest of spirit Financial seduction and technocratic politics are winn- ing the day If Ireland is people, then the people should own and rule which they do not do in an industrial capitalist society. The worship of profit and cancerous mass-production destroy vitality and variety everywhere The reign of technology and mass education, the manipulation of the advertiser, the pollution of mind and countryside, the test-tube existence of standar- dized urban life are about to destroy a nation, one of the few genuine historic com- munities left in the world It is a bitter ironic twist that the country which resisted the anti-human values of in- dustrialism for so long is tak- ing its place among those nations whose waste economies keep in misery the millions of the so-called Third World And always in such na- tion states the spectre of totalitarianism approaches closer every day. The role" of 'the Christian churches in all of this should be clear In Ireland, the Catholic and Protestant leaders could jointly present a social philosophy which condemns monopoly and ad- vocates wide distribution of property and power. Ireland has exemplified the rural tradition, and now all over the industrial world thoughtful and sensitive people are see- ing that centralized, urban patterns and the fetish of galloping consumption breed misery The feverish rat-race leads nowhere, except perhaps to Hell But the EEC will "develop" Ireland, and then it will hardly be worth saving, a mere quarry sur- rounded by an grist to the mill of British bankers and British bludgers, its progress measured by the abortion rate. There is hope, however, for I do not believe that so great a tradition can be easily extinguished i But that hope is a revolutionary one, as it is everywhere, a revolution in values and struc- tures PETER HUNT. Lethbndge. C 1973 by NEA Inc don't know what all the fuss is about. This women's lib business of exchanging roles isn't so Twisted incident The Some phrases in the lead editorial in The Herald, Sept. 26, agitated im The writer says, "He (the premier) brought up the possibility of a sales tax to frighten the people." It sounds as though this might have been based on the premier's visit to the school at Magrath If the writer was at tl'o school he-she should have pictured the incident as it was The premier's comments were in response to a student's question. "Mr Premier, will you have a sales His answer was "Not 'f we can avoid it. There is no need if we can control our own resources I think the writer should not twist the incident as it was. Magrath R. D. BRADSHAW LETHBR.DGE oo and Publishers Published 1905-1954 by Hon WA BUCHANAN u Sefond Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Da.lv Newspaper Publishers Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations w BOWERS Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS General Manager DON FILLING "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;