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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 29, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IE1HBRIDGE HE-RAID Friday, Soplamber 29, 1972 Where will banning end? When Lelhbridge City Council was considering prohibitions on the sale of fireworks, The Herald objected. Our point was that with proper in- struction and (if necessary) super- vision, firecrackers can Jje a source of much pleasure for youngsters. More and more of the old-time plea- sures are unavailable to children of this more crowded generation, and the inore prohibitions that are thrown in their way, the more frustrated and uneasy they become. The argument of the prohibition- ists is that firecrackers are danger- ous and youngsters should be pro- tected from the risk. And in rebuttal we pointed out that there's risk in just about anything children like doing and a life com- pletely protected from hazards is bound lo be a dull and sterile life, quite unsuitable to a human being. Now the federal government has made fireworks illegal nationally, not just for children but everyone. We protest, for the reasons given above. And might we point out that any person ot the age of 16 may purchase and own a rifle or shotgun, and un- limited quantities of amrminilion for it. Firearms have done much more harm to children than firecrackers have. Will they tie banned next? And bicycles especially motor- bikes? And cigarettes and matches? The fireworks prohibition bothers us. Even more we are bothered by the illogic of it. A confusion of roles Evidently deportation orders are executed with considerable zeal in Alberta. A news item from Calgary concerns an American who seems to have got into trouble on both sides of the border. Wanted for escaping custody in the U.S., he was serving a sentence for crimes committed iu Canada when he applied for landed immigrant status, patently lo avoid being returned to his own country. The application was denied and a de- portation order issued. The RCMP acted promptly. Without awaiting ex- piry oE the normal 15-day period pro- vided for appeals, they removed the man from his cell in the Calgary Cor- rectional Institute, drove him to the border, and handed him over to U.S. authorities. Considering the applicant had a criminal record here and in the U.S., it is safe to say the Immigra- tion Appeals Board would not have accepted him as a candidate for Canadian citizenship. And properly so; we have neither need nor obliga- tion to import such persons. But that is not the point. In our legal system there is a clear and important differentiation between judgment and execution, between the role of the judge and that of the police- man. The judge in this case the appeals board determines what is to happen; the policeman in this case the RCMP sees tliat it hap- pens. The police role was no more to anticipate the judgment of the ap- peals board, in this case, than it would be to guess how a judge will rule in a criminal case, and carry out the sentence in advance. Hold on Amin! General Amin Is a disaster to Uganda, to the cause of black Africa in general, and certainly to the East Asians who have been so brutally ejected from the land which they have called home for generations. There is a lot more that can be said but none of it will do much good. He is a fact of international life. Having said all that, it should be pointed out thai for the time being it is just as well if Amin stays where he is. For one tiling, the worse he looks, the better it is for the ex- pelled Asians and for the countries where they will make their new homes. In Britain there was an outcry against admitting the refugees. But Amin's behavior towards them and to British newsmen, diplomats, and others, has toned down the original resentment. Other countries besides Canada have now decided to admit soine of the Asians. They were hesi- tant to do so before. Further, other East African leaders, who had been reported to be considering expelling resident East Asians, are now so ashamed of what Amin has done, that they will hesitate to follow his exam- ple, thus relieving Britain at least temporarily, of the possibility of a new and even greater influx of refu- gees. At the time of writing, General Am- in remains in control of the Ugandan army. As long as he can keep it, he may be, able to prevent the outbreak of chaotic tribal warfare. It's not much to say for any man or brute, but it's tomething. Addicted to punctuality T am a fervent admirer of Bobby Fischer. Not because of his chess, which is several fathoms over my head. Because of his great talent for being late. To me It Is simply Incredible that a per- son should have the stamina, the poise, unadulterated cool; to turn up nine minutes late for a. world championship game of chess. The reason why Fischer's brilliance in being tardy-leaves me awestruck is that I am constitutionally incapable of baing late for anything. 1 have failed the supreme test: 1 can't even be lale for a dental ap- pointment. I've tried, God knows. I'd dearly love to be one of those people, of whom Fischer is the undisputed grand master, who are late for everything. We who are hung up on punctuality con- stitute the world's least inleresting group of addicts. We are dull. Faintly admirable, in our excessive concern for the time of others, but blah, terribly blah. And we are losers. Boris Spassky is one of us. I am not familiar with comrada Spassky's other habits, but I suspect that, like me, if the airline tells him to be at tho airport an hour before the scheduled time of departure, he is there 90 minutes before that time, staring at the TV screening of departure times of twenty other planes leaving before his. I spend 60 much time sitting around in air terminals and railway depots, waiting for trains to be assembled and aircraft to be built, that some of the more durable relationships I have established have been with porters and sweepers, with the people who empty the ashtrays. "This year we figure the court action will be more exciting than the hockey." Maurice Western Canada's labor force growth remarkable OTTAWA: The most siart- ling statistics yet produc- ed in the election campaign are perhaps those cited by John Turner dealing with Uio growth of the labor force. Some readers, to my knowledge, have read and reread them with sheer incredulity. Mr. Turner, in Ills Thunder Bay speech, attempted to bring home to his audience the mag- nitude of the challenge which would have faced any Canadi- an government in dealing with the remarkable expansion of the labor force in the years 1M5 to 1970 inclusive. His case was that "the actual growth during this six-year period of people exceeded the total growth not in percentage terms but in all the 15 major industrial nations of Europe by That includes countries like Britain, France, Germany, Italy and This is difficult to accept for a reason put to me by a person of obvious intelligence. How can such a result be possible when one, is comparing ona country, Canada, having a baso population of only with an area inhabited by some people? The figures are astonishing. The fact is, however, that Mr. Turner obtained them from a source which cannot be assailed for lack oi objectivity. They mil be found in the annual tables of labor force statistics Carl Rotvaii published in Paris by the Or- ganization for Economic Co-op- e r a t i o n and Derelopment. OECD, as explained in a prefa- tory note, obtains them from national sources (such as the United Nations Demographic Yearbook and Internation- al Labor Office Unfortunately, the OECD material available in the par- liamentary library is less up to date than that relied on by Mr. Turner. It is instructive, none- theless, because the trends in Europe and in this country which produced the result men- tioned were already plainly in evidence in the first half of the period. Consider first the five- coun- tries singled out by Mr. Turn- er; leading countries of indus- trial Europe. The record shows that in the case of West Ger- many (population roughly 60 the labor force fell in three years by Mora surprisingly, in my opinion, that Italy (population about 52 million) dwindled by Two countries reported very slight increases amounting, in the case of Britain (population 55 to and, in that of Sweden (population about 7.8 to In France alone (population roughtly 50 million) was there a substantial increase of Thus in the five major coun- tries the over-all labor force was declining by some while thai of Canada was spurt- ing ahead by In smaller nations the situa- tion was not much different. Moderate increases in some were balanced by decreases in others, while some countries reported scarcely any change. It Is obvious that our prob- lem crested in the second half of the period. Presumably the European trends continued; Mr. Turner's later figures may show that there was even more of a slump in the combined labor force of the countries con- cerned. To identify trend Is one tiling; to explain it may be more difficult. Very likely the situation differs from country to country. In the case 0? Germany the primary cause can scarcely be in doubt. Led and misled by the Pied Piper of Berchtesgadcn, a whole generation perished in a war of aggression, especially on the Russian front. That carn- age and the conditions which persisted for some time after the war were quite enough lo rule out the baby boom which, in latter years, has had such an impact on our labor market and universities. The Swedish case is obvious- ly not comparable. There may be a partial explanation in the fact that the Swedes were pio- neers In family planning; per- haps, for religious reasons among others, this was iiiore generally acceptable in north- ern Europe- than in the south. Another cause may have been the chronic shortage of apart- ments in Swedish cities. But such suggestions are purely ten- tative; experts in such matters may have belter explanations. In France, after the war, there was an obsession in po- litical circles with demograph- ic theories which elsewhere have become fasliionablp only in late years. Everyone in 194G appeared to be discussing a pa- perback, entitled Bien-etre et Population. According to the theory offered and widely cred- ited, there was an optimum population to be achieved but not exceeded since any incre- ments beyond that would be paid for in reduced prosperity. This may be oversimplified but was certainly the gist of the (caching. How much general influence it had is, of course, problematical. The case of the southern coun- tries is again quite different. It seems strange at first sight that there would not be greater pressure on the labor market in countries such as Italy which have traditionally counted on heavy emigration. What may be overlooked, however, is the great change which has result- ed from the progressive Inte- gration Western Europe. On this point some OECD information may helpful. In Germany and In some neighboring countries the problem has not been to jobs for people but to find peo- ple for jobs. Thus in the middle of the period mentioned by Mr. Turner there were for- eign nationals at work in Ger- many. They comprised part of the labor force although in fact they were Italians, Yugoslavs, Spaniards and others, who, In different circumstances, would have lived at home, constituting an employment problem for their respective governments. Thus, while Mr. Turner's fi- gures may appear at first sight baffling, there is every indica- tion In the available dECD doc- umentation that his analysis is correct. For the reasons cited, and no doubt for others, the Canadian government w a a faced in these difficult years Mith a heavier challenge, mea- sured In numbers entering the labor market, than the collec- tive, share the burden gov- ernments of Wcsiern Europe. It Is an amazing fact hut fact it appears to be" and Mr. Turn- er is entitled to claim that it ex- plains a good deal in our situa- tion, now the subject of a gen- eral election debate. (Herald Ollawa Bureau) I'd like to think that Bobby Fischer misses a lot in life, failing to allow enough hours to get to know these folks, their hopes, their dreams, their personal hygiene problems. But I suspect he doesn't. Recently in London I planned to catch the.train to Bournemouth. '-'Set the alarm for I told my daughter, dialling the desk, "and 111 have the' night clerk givo us a wake-up, call as-a back-up." "But the train doesn't leave till said my daughter. "Tnie, hut we want to leave ourselves plenty of time to reach Waterloo station, on the other side of the I said. "The IRA is -blowing up a lot of bridges these days." Since returning home my daughter has confided lo her peer group that she spent so much time, waiting sitting on her suit- case, that she is permanently branded aa Genuine Cowhide. My history of hystercsiphobia (irrational fear of being late) goes back to tho womb. My mother, as a war bride gestated me in part during an ocean voy- age from Britain to Canada, with rail trips adding to any tension she experienc- ed regarding missing the boat. I believe that this anxiety was piped down the um- bilical cord and deep into my sub- conscious, where the engine room signal rang ira FULL SPEED TO PANIC. Needless to say, I arrived in the world before I was due. And somehow I'll bo waiting at the gates of Hell before they're open for business. But that Bobby Fischer, gee. not only will he IK; late for his own funeral he probably won't show up at all. (Vancouver Province Features) Need facts, not politicking, on welfare problem WASHINGTON Since "the welfare mess" is destined lo be a big election issue this year, Americans deserve some plain facts to help Ihem fend off the emotional garbage that a lot of campaign hucksters will throw at them. The first fact is that the wel- fare problem isn't getting any better. Costs are still rising and "welfare reform" is dead, starved to death by adminstra- tion that never really fought for it because deep in its heart it doesn't really want any kind of welfare program. So tho grim truth Is that Hie latest figures from the depart- ment of health, education and welfare (for May) show just over 15 million Americans re- ceiving close to Sl.B billion in just one month of welfare pay- ments. That is an incredible one American out of 14 receiving welfare at an annual rale of more than billion dollars, or far more than the total of billion the federal government spends annually for education in this country. The temptation is obvious for even a mildly craven politician to try to exploit those figures tn his political advantage. Working people of all races and creeds can easily be harangued into believing that they are sweating to earn billion a year to fatten the bellies of 15 million "bums." But let's take a look at who gets that welfare money es- pecially in view of the fact that my mailbag usually bulges with bilge from people who at least pretended to believe that it goes to women who are deliberately haveing illegitimate babies lo fatten up their welfare checks. In May more than mil- lion, or almost 43 per cent, of the welfare money went lo med- jcal assistance for the poor Another mil- lion wont lo the aged, Ihc blind and Ihe totally disabled. On an annual basis, then, these cate- gories use un 60 per cent of all welfare costs. But the second biggest wel- fare outlay went to that cate- gory which stirs hackles and prejudices all over the land. Almost million went to aid families with dependent chil- dren. This money went to just over three million families with al- most eight million children. This isn't too hard to under- stand when you consider that families live below the poverty line in Ihis country. Or that families are head- ed by women, many of whom have small children and thus are unable lo work many of these living in poverty also. The question that the most evil politicians don't want Am- ericans to face is tliis: Who be- lieves it in the best interest of this nation, now or in the fu- ture, to let eight million kids who are needy, through no fault of their own, go on in hunger and sickness because we are too greedy lo finance an adequale welfare program? The cynical politicians would rather have voters believe the kids were conceived by women who prefer to earn a living by breeding rather than working. In May, HEW tells us, fam- ilies with dependent children were receiving an average of a monlh per person. Ob- viously, at those prices, any woman who wants to make a living on her back can do bet- ter than having welfare babies. And it is bitterly ironic that in the stales where these libclous charges are hurled with great- est recklessness the dependent children payment per person is so absurdly low that one can hardly think of even the most ignorant woman debasing her- self to get it. Mississippi pays a mere per recipient, Alabama South Carolina Our denial of education (o some citizens has been shock- Ing, but we have to believe that no one has teen left so dumb as to bear a baby just to get an extra a month. The shame Is not that we "working people" must finance mothers and children to the tune of close to eight billion dol- lars a year; It is that we re- fuse to alter society and fi- nance the programs that would make it possible for three mil- lion adults and eight million children to break the cycle of poverty, misery, despair and get off welfare. Many of the adults on wel- fare were kept in semi-slavery, harvesting cotton, peanuts, sugar cane, when they should have been in school. The chil- dren we have relegated lo woe- fully inferior schools and en- vironments. Should it surprise anyone that we have so many families with not one person in them capable of earning a de- cent living in Ihis complex so- ciety? That billion a year In wel- fare is as sweet a govern- mental prop as American busi- nessmen are likely to find. But businessmen will bitch and beat it to Ilio bank, for they aren't about lo admit that wel- fare is their piece of cake. But this nation would be In- finitely heller oft if we slopped demagoguing over welfare re- cipients and gave those 15 mil- lion abused Americans somo knowhow and an opportunity to "make it" in tho traditional American way. (Fir-Id I''nlei-prlses, Inc.) The Letltbridge Herald 504 7th St. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO, LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0013 Member ot The Canadian Press and tfie Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' AiwcIflMon and Ihe Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor ana Publisher THOMAS R ADAMS, Genera) Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advirtlsfng Manager Editorial Pa as Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;