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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 29, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta WARMER FORECAST HIGH WEDNESDAY 80-85 The LetUbridge Herald VOL. LXIII No. 243 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA; TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 29, 1970 fRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTION Nasser Death U.S. Government Leaves Gaping Relaxes Policy Uncertainty On Alberta Oil By SIDNEY WEILANB LONDON (Reuters) Gamal Abdel Nasser tower- ed over the Arab world, and his death leaves gaping uncertainty at a time of deep peril in the Middle East. For all his militancy and the explosive violence of his rhetoric, Ihe Egyptian president exerted a powerful influence for moderation among the divided Arab leaders. Although his goal of Arab unity remained elusive, he was the only leader with enough political power ami charisma to bring the feuding factions together, even if only briefly. His death opens up the danger of new convul- sions in an area scarred by enmity and suspicion, one that has already fought three wars in 22 years and has balanced close to the edge of war between the spells of fighting. Only 24 hours before his death, Nasser played an instrumental role in fashioning a ceasefire between Arab guerrillas and King Hussein of Jordan. Witt Truce Hold? The major question now is whether this brittle truce will hold, or whether the guerrillas and the young king will go back to the battle lines, this time possibly for a fight to the finish. In Western capitals, the sudden passing of tile 52- year-old Egyptian left doubt, deep anxiety. At no lime since Stalin died in 1953 has the death of a single national leader raised so many imponder- ables about the future course of events. Diplomats speculated on the possibilities, but few were prepared to venture .guesses about the outcome. There was fear that Nasser's death would lead to a punishing struggle for leadership not only in Egypt but throughout the Arab world, where militant Pal- estinians such as Yassir Arafat, already posed a for- midable political challenge. Sought Co-Operatiou As Egypt's supreme leader for 16 years and chief spokesman for the Arab world, Nasser fought to keep alive a taunt yet still effective form of co-operation between the Arab old guard and the thrusting young militants. He failed to bring together the diverse segments cf a sprawling region of 100 million people, left apart by pressures of wealth and poverty, conservatism and tire stirring demands of the Arab revolution. i'et at times of crisis, he succeeded, as in the truce between the guerrillas and Hussein, in forging narrow, pragmatic understandings that kept tensions in check. The modest understandings fell far short of the alliances Nasser sought, and often they seemed to succeed only through the sheer force of Ms personal- ity. Diplomats agreed on one point as they debated the effects of his kind of struggle for su- premacy in the Arab world now seems inevitable. May Seek Control There was a widespread feeling that the radical revolutionary leaders of Iraq, Syria, Algeria, p o s- sibly also the Sudan and Libya, would aim to seize political and tactical control of the Arab movement. This could lead to the isolation of the two remain- ing Middle East kings, Hussein and Faisal of Saudi Arabia, and the outdistancing of the moderate Islamic regimes of Tunisia and Morocco. A critical question hung also over the 90-day truce agreed by Nasser, Jordan and imposed by the United States and Russia and with still weeks to run in its present form. There seemed little hope of serious negotiations be- tween the Arab states and Israel at a time when the Arab world lacks the leadership provided by Nasser. The truce eased tensions in the Middle East after months of bloody clashes between Israel and its neighbors, at a time when Soviet missiles were being increasingly deployed in the Suez canal zone and when the dangers of a Soviet-American confrontation seem- ed to be growing. Dangers Loom WASHINGTON (CP) The United States government an- nounced today a slight relaxa- tion in oil import policy which observers said could mean an increase of an estimated barrels a day of crude oil from Canada above the present quota. The present quota of barrels a day was set by presi- dential proclamation signed last March and effective until the end of December. The careful wording of to- day's announcement indicated to many observers that the ad- ministration was leaving itself eibow room for further import increases should the winter fuel crisis reach emergency propor- tions. But spokesmen made clear Now, in a period of new restlessness, these dangers apparently loom again, possibly in even sharper focus. Both the United States and Russia regarded Nas- ser as the indispensible, pivotal force in a Middle East settlement. With his death, the equation is left wide open. There appeared little chance of a new leader emerging quickly enough with sufficient authority to negotiate before the present limit of the Middle East truce nms out Nov. 5. The hopes rather were set on a stop-gap solution to maintain the truce. If Nasser's death leads to a new upsurge of Arab militancy on Israel's borders, there would be a risk of an Israel pre-emptive strike, perhaps leading to se- rious involvement by Washington and Moscow. For the Russians, this must be a time of par- ticular uncertainty. During the last 16 years, Soviet leaders pinned their hcprs on Nasser as the authentic voice of the Arab revolution, giving him preference in arms and aid over more extreme leaders whose ideology came closer to the Kremlin's. In return, the Egyptian gave them unstinting sup- port, encouraging a powerful Soviet military presence in his own country and in the Mediterranean gen- erally. Kill, he was willing to go along with Moscow's dip- lomatic aims when the Russians joined the U.S. in pressing for a lines. Hellyer May Quit the administration's continued adherence to the oil quota sys- tem and the protectionist philos- ophy on which it is based. In general, they said the gov- ernment looks to the domestic industry and U.S. consumers to control the to gov- ernment action in the form of vastly increased imports. The action most important to Canada waj a move to exempt natural gas liquids from the Ca- nadian crude oil quota limita- tions. It is estimated that about barrels a day of such liq- and enter the U.S. When they be- come "ex-quota" the slack may be taken up by an additional estimated barrels of crude a day. PERMIT TOPPING A possibly significant further increase in Canadian imports could develop from the decision to "permit topping of crude oil imported for fuel overland from Canada and the use of such top- ping products for fuel or for re- export to Canada." This means that after a barret has been highest quality taken off for gasoline or other highly-refined the remainder of the barrel di- verted to fuel oil would not be charged against the Canadian import quota. The technicalities of this prov- ision, as written into the an- nouncement, left some industry observers scratching their heads. As one man put it: "They'll have to decide where the top stops and the bottom begins." Last Hijack Hostages Released LATE PRESIDENT NASSER OF EGYPT TORONTO (CP) The Star says Paul Hellyer and Philip Givens, Liberal members of Parliament for Toronto ridings, may quit the federal party to run for the Ontario Liberals in the next provincial election. The paper says both MPs said in interviews they have not ruled out the possibility of run- ning in Ontario's next election, expected in the spring or fall of 1971. The paper quotes both as say- ing that any decision to run should not be construed as a possible challenge to the leader- ship Robert Nixon, Ontario Liberal leader since 1967. It also quotes a provincial party source as saying the On- tario Liberals feel they must put well-known political nanies on Toronto-area ballots next year to counter a growing threat from the New Demo- cratic Party. r GENEVA (Reuters) The International Committee the Red Cross announced today that the last six airliner hijack hos- tages held by Palestinian Arab guerrillas were handed over to its delegates in Jordan today. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN TPHIRTY-POUND tuna fish caught by Jerry Johnson on the California coast gain- ing weight each time the story is told (last report 50 pounds) Dr. Tim Byrne, Alberta deputy minis- ter of education, telling con- ference delegates Alberta was like Texas in thinking big "around Lethbridge, you ask a- farmer for a drink and he drains the irrigation OTTAWA (CP) Prime Min- ister Trudeau is expected to an- nounce at the end of this week the names of 14 new Liberal .parliamentary secretaries, MPs who assist ministers with legis- lation and other Commons mat- ters. There are 16 secretaries and all but Caccia, To. ronto Davenport, and Martin O'Connell, Toronto Scarborough be replaced. Mr. C a c c i a, parliamentary secretary to Treasury Board President C. II. Drury, and Mr. O'Connell, parliamentary secre- tary to Regional Economic Ex- pansion Minister Jean Marc- hand, have served only about a year. The 14 secretaries being dropped include James Walker, secretary to Mr. Trudeau, Jean-Pierre Goyer, secretary to External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp, and Bud Or- ange, secretary to Energy Min. isler J. J. Greene. Mr. Goyer and Mr. Orange had been mentioned recently as possible appointments to the cabinet. Others being dropped are: Hosaire Gendron, secretary Manpower Minister Otto Lang; David Groos, to Defence Minis- ter Donald Macdonald; Jean- Charles Cantin, to Justice Min- ister John Turner; Russell Honey, to Indian Affairs Minis- ter Jean Chretien; James Me- Nulty, to Labor Minister Bryce Mackasey; Yves Forest, to Privy Council Presideri Allan MacEachen; Stanley Haidasz, to Health Minister John Munro; Eugene Whelan, to Fisheries Minister Jack Davis; Florian Cote, to Agriculture Minister H. A. Olson; Paul Langlois, to Con- sumer Affairs Minister Ron Basford; and Gerard Loiselle, to Transport Minister Dou Ja- mieson. Most parliamentary secre- taries are drawn from among Quebec and Ontario MPs. It is understood that Mr. Tru- deau has considered at least 11 Quebec MPs for the secretarial posts and the same number' from Ontario. Four MPs from British Col- umbia are believed in the run- ning: David Anderson, Esqui- malt Saanich, Tom G o o d e, Burnaby-Richmond, Len Marc- hand, Kamlcops-Cariboo, and Paul St. Pierre, Coast-Chilcotin. Albert Bruce Douglas of Assi- niboia and Pat Mahoney of Cal- gary South are also considered good western prospects for pro- motion. Secretaries get above their annual pay as MPs. To Meet Trudeau PARIS (Reuters) Jean- Jacques Servan-Schreiber left Monday for a three-day visit to Canada. The secretary-general of the French Radical Socialist party will be a luncheon guest of Prime Minister Trudeau in Montreal Wednesday. SOLIMAN MOHIEDDIN POSSIBLE SUCCESSORS TO NASSER-Experts on the Middle East predict that these four men will be conten- ders lo succeed Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, who died of a liearl allack in Cairo Monday. Zakaria Mo- hiorldin is Ihc former vico-presdenl who was named lo re- plaw Newer when hs resigned shortly ofler war, FAWZl SABHY Nohammed Sidky Soliman is the former prime minister who headed the Aswan Dam Project. Lt. Gen Mohammed Fawzi who is commander in chief of the Egyptian armed (orcos. All Sabry is head of Ihe Arab Social Union which is Egypl's only political parly- le By THE CANADIAN PRESS After expressing personal shock and grief, world leaders were considering today what effect the death of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser would have on Middle Eastern political stability. Prime Minister Trudeau told a student gathering in Montreal: "The disappearance of President Nasser at the precise moment when a certain hope seemed to be taking form in the Middle East, again plunges us into uncertainty as to the outcome of this conflict "No one can say now what will happen in the Mid- die East." NIXON URGES CALM President Nixon, on a tour of the Mediterranean area and Eu- rope, said: "This tragic loss requires that all nations, and especially those in the Middle East, renew their efforts to calm passions, reach for mutual understanding and build a lasting peace." The Soviet Union today called on the bereaved Arab world to close ranks as a tribute to Nas- ser and again endorsed his search for a political settlement in the Middle East. But Nixon administration sources, with President Nixon in the Mediterranean, predicted that the Egyptian leader's sud- den death would effectively shelve the American peace plan, perhaps for several months. The U.S. sources said a new leader would have to emerge iri Egypt before the already stalled peace moves could make head- cause despite the death of the man they championed with arms and aid. Arab nations should strengthen their unity to perpet- uate his memory, the three Kremlin leaders said in their message, broadcast by Moscow radio. Stressing Soviet concern, it was announced that Premier Alexei Kosygin would head the Kremlin's delegation to Nas- ser's funeral in Cairo Thursday. Nixon, however, has decided not to go to the funeral, U.S. sources aboard the aircraft car- rier Saratoga said. Radio and television stations around the world interrupted then: programs to broadcast news of the president's death. In the Arab world broadcasts were followed by reading from the Koran, a sign of mourning among Moslems. In Beirut, thousands of shots way again, an uncertain process were fired in the streets in final tribute. "Nasser had chosen French Foreign Minister Maur- ice Schuman said in Paris. He said France "hopes that his sue- in view of the absence of any clear successor. In a cable to Vice-President Anwar Sadat, provisional head of state, the Soviet leaders O Se, e ove eaers oaiunauue uidL ma aut- today assured Cairo of their cessors will be the heirs to his continuing support for the Arab last thoughts." Millions Mourn CAIRO (Reuters) Hundreds of thousands of Egyptians, many weeping openly, flooded into Cairo today to join a mam- moth demonstration of grief for their dead leader, Gamal Abdel Nasser. The body of the 32-year-old Egyptian president, who died of a heart attack Monday night, was lying in state at the Kubbeh Palace, on the outskirts of the city, where wailing crowds started to assemble as soon as they heard the news. The ranks of the stunned mourners swelled dramatically as the news spread until all roads leading to the former royal palace, set in a park out- side the capital were blocked. The Middle East news agency reported that troops and tanks were called in to control the crowds, some of whom pleaded hysterically: "Take us to where he is, we need to be near him." A state funeral is scheduled Thursday in the Egyptian capi- tal. Among those attending will be Soviet Premier Alexei Kosy- gin. Senior Egyptian ministers left the bedside of the dead presi- dent in tears and immediately put forces along the Suez canal ceasefire line with Israel hi a state of "utmost emergency." The authoritative newspaper Al Ahram said the precaution- ary move was taken to face any eventuality. Thousands of persons went through the streets of Cairo chanting: "There is only one God and Nasser is his and sang an old patriotic song, "Biladi. Biladi, Biladi (My country to you I offer my love and my Others roamed aimlessly clutching photographs of their dead leader. Dire Predictions UNITED NATIONS (CP) The death of President Nasser of Egypt brought expressions of grief and shock at the United Nations and some dire predic- tions on the chances now of bringing peace to the Middle East. "It's a whole new ball was the frequent comment heard Monday as stunned dele- gations from 126 countries at- tempted to assess the effect of the death of Ihe strongest and most influential man in the Arab world. Immediate speculation was that there will ba a power vac- uum in Egypt and thus the Mid- dle East for some time. Without strong leadership negotiations for peace will founder. Palestinian Arab sources said that their fight for a homeland, which in the last few weeks in- volved the whole Middle East in conflict and confrontation, will continue. A power struggle In Egypt was accepted as a foregone con- clusion. UNITED APPEAL Countdown To Go ;