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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 28, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Thurtday, 31, THI LfTHMIOSI HWAIO 3 Anthony Weslell___ Paralle s between federal elections niTTAWA There are In- teresting and perhaps in- structive parallels between this federal election and the one Just 10 years ago when prime minister John Diefenbakcr went to the voters for a new mandate alter four years at the head ot a majority govern- ment. Diefenbaker had won his great victory in 1958 largely on the strength of personal charis- ma, the ability to communicate a vision and a sense of politi- cal excitement to the public. But by 1SS2, his personality and style had become a severe liability in some areas: There were still those Canadians who adored him, but there were others who detested him, and few were indifferent. His vision 'of a new Canada had proved to be a mirage and the disap- pointment was bitter. Much the same can be said 'of Prime Minister Pierre Tru- deau. He won his majority in 19S8 with charisma and a style which conjured visions, and he is still attractive to many Cana- dians. But others have grown to hate him, and he has not been able to live up to the ex- pectations which were spun around him, creating disillu- sion. 1958, Diefenbaker seemed to destroy the Liberal party. Its new leader, Lester Pear- son, performed so badly during the campaign and in the House of Commons that he was re- garded almost with pity, and there were rumblings against him in his own party. In 1968, Trudeau appeared to crush the Tories, and Robert Stanfielrt seemed to be a bumbling and impotent leader of a divided party. -By 1962, Pearson had rebuilt the Liberal party and gathered around him an impressive tea'm of lieutenants and advisers. He was not himself a compelling leader a strong appeal to the public, but he offered at least a credible alternalive to the Diefenbaker government. Similarly Slanficld bas united and reorganized the Conserva- tive party and bas recruited lieutenants with popular appeal and personal followings: Clauda Wagner, Allan Lawrence, Paul Hellyer, with perhaps some more to surface in the next week or two. The Tory leader is far from being an exciting national leader, but he has carefully built a reputation for honesty, decency and quiet competence. The main public complaint against the Diefenbaker gov- ernment in 1B62 was unemploy- ment, and the Pearson Liber- als campaigned effectively against economic mismanage- ment. Unemployment is the burden which Trudeau carries In this election, and the Tory attack centres around the charge that he has misman- aged the economy. In 1982, there was political ferment in the back country of Quebec, and it elected 26 So- cial Credit MPs, making it im- possible for either the Conser- vatives or the Liberals to form a majority government. In 1972, there is speculation that Social Credit may again run strong, perhaps taking vital seats from Trudeau's Liberals, or possibly frustrating Wag- ner's efforts to elect Tories. One must not draw the paral- lels too closely. Trudeau does not appear to have been per- sonally discredited to the same extent as Diefenbaker in 1962. The charge of mismanagement against Diefenbaker received dramatic confirmation In .the middle of the 1932 campaign and Diefenbaker had to rush through an emergency devalu- ation of the dollar. Under Tru- deau today, the economy seems to be strong and booming, al- though unemployment and in- flation remain problems. Diefenbaker went into the 1963 election with such a huge majority in seats that he seem- ed a certain winner even allow- ing for loss of popularity. In fact he lost a staggering 92 seats and had to form a minor- ity government. The opposition parties closed in for the kill and the following year, in 1963, he was tosed out of power. In this campaign Trudeau has a much smaller majority. He has to lose only a few seats here and a few there to lose his edge in the Commons, and it is this which prompts many ob- servers to predict that he will emerge from the election as Diefenbaker did at the head of a minority government. The op- position parties would then choose their moment to unite against him in the Commons, and if lie faced the electorate again ha would probably be defeated. A majority government form- ed by any party would be pre- ferable to a minority. One 1962 was enough. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Don't blame everything on Dr. Spock By Edwin McDowell, In The Wall Street Journal TN the context of American 1 politics, Dr. Benjamin Spock is surely radical, as he would no doubt admit. Nominated recently as the presidential candidate of the radical coalilion that flies un- der the banner of the People's Porty, Dr. Spock wasted little time in announcing, a platform calling for the immediate with- drawal of all American troops free care for everyone, abortion and mari- juana on demand, an end to dis- crimination against women and homosexuals, and a allowance for a family of four. All-in-all, a sharp departure from even the platform favored by Democratic candidate George McGovern, whose pres- idential ambitions are handi- capped by charges that he is a radical. Yet it is not entirely unexpected. In a hook published in 1970 and Dr. Spwk wrote: "I decided that we are not likely to save (he world by attempting to reform the old parties, which are fi- nancially indebted to business, but must build a new political movement that will be unambi- guously anti-imperialist and re- sponsive to human needs." Even before he began dab- bling directly in presidential politics, Benjamin Spock had detractors. Columnist Stewart Alsop once said the problem with today's children is that too many were "Spocked when they should have been spanked." Spock's doctrines, said Dr. Norman Vin- cent Peale, add up to: "Feed 'em whatever they want, don't let them cry, instant gratifica- tion of needs." And Li7, Carpenter, Lady r.ird's press secretary, de- scribed the troublemakers at the Chicago convention as a group of little chil- dren who never made it through the toilet-training chap- of Dr. Spock." Few people take a detached attitude toward the world's best- known pediatrician. He is widely denounced as the principal cause of our genera- lion of hippies, societal drop- outs, pot smokevs, and kids whose highest ambition is sim- ply to do their tiling, no matter how valueless or destructive. He is widely praised by those who share his anti-establish- ment attitudes, his many activi- ties on behalf of the antiwar movement, his contention that LBJ and Richard Nixon are enemies of the American peo- ple, and that America is "the strongest force for reaction in in the world today." Nevertheless, it is possible to disagree with Dr. Spock's sim- _ plislic political to be D-'- B- repelled' by the. increasingly advised: kiss from overindulgence. Until Spock's book (the big- gest paperback seller of all a standard American ba- bycare hook was "Psyclwlog- ical Care ot Infant and written about ('-5 time of World War I by behavioral psychol- frenetic language he uses to ex- press them, and still disagree with the charges of "permis- siveness" (by which most peo- ple seem to mean submission or levelled against him. Benjamin Spock once laugh- ingly told a Brooklyn church group, "I'm not responsible for all those brats." And indeed he isn't any more than, for ex- ample, John Dewey is respon- sible for the many excesses committed some years ago in his name by progressive educa- tors. Before Spock wrote his famed "Baby and Child a book which since 1MB has sold some 2> million copies in 248 paper- back printings, "permissive- ness" was rarely discussed, much less practiced. More often than not, parents were warned to spare themselves front later grief and sorrow by refraining Mcc weather for Ducks. When it comes to your favourite Andres Duck, pleasure knows no season. Andres Cold Duck, a beautiful blend of champagne and burgundy. Or Andres Baby Duck, the happy marriage of a robust, red wine to a delicate, sparkling white. Whatever the weather, now's the time to get quacking. Writer's ambitions altered By MargJl-et Lnckhurst SPARKLING' BABYDUCK ANDReS COLD DUCK ANDRES WINES. (ALBERTA) LTD 72-H9 your child. Never hold it on your lap. Never rock its carriage." To those who considered this overly strict, Watson relented somewhat: "If you must, kiss them on the forehead when they say good night, shake hands with them in tire morn- ing." That way, Watson taught, the child was likely to grow up to be independent. But from personal experience and from his familiarity with the latest psychological studies. Benjamin Spock knew that this old-fashioned rigidity and social formality was actually a for- mula for widespread malad- justment. Thus he prescribed love, so that a child would obey out of affection rather than fear. The opening lines of Ms first edition told parents: "You know more than you think you do." And he proceeded to tell them, "Don't be overawed by what the experts say. We know for a fact that the natural loving care that kindly parents give their chil- dren is a hundred times more valuable." Nevertheless, many parents mistook his advice to spoil chil- dren rath love as a recom- mendation to spoil children, pe- riod. So that when he came to revise the book in the mid-1950s, Dr. Spock was concerned that the had been swinging away from rigidity before he wrote his first edition was in danger of swinging too far. As a result, too many parents were becoming submissive, too many children were becoming .Whereas 10 years pre- viously the commonest psychol- ogical problems in children re- sulted from excessive parental rigidity, by now the primary difficulties arose from parental hesitancy and indecision. That's when Dr. Spock ex- plicitly began emphasizing the necessity for patents to expect politeness and co-operation from children, and stressed that children who are given firm leadership by their parents are not only better behaved, but much happier. It is difficult to find a single permissive line that is, a line that advocates capitulating to Junior's unreasonable demands in the thoroughly revised 1557 edition of "Baby and Child Care." (A later completely re- vised edition was published in 1968, but today's rebellious youth were reared when the first two editions were the con- ventional wisdom.) There arc certainly nits to pick on many pages, but essen- tially what emerges from tho book is Vhat Benjamin Spock wants each child treated as an individual, not a statistic; that parents should combine firm- ness with affection; that they should follow their instincts, be- liefs and prejudices, not some "scientific" theory; that when their wishes collide with those of their children then.they must to themselves be true. In short, Spocklsm is hu- mane and common-senslcal, rather than Procrustean In Its to child rearing. And only someone who has not read him carefully, or who does not know the salvific power of love to shape the human personality, could blame him for "all those brats" currently underfoot. Those who find Dr. Spock's lopsided political views abhor- rent will no doubt be reminded anew that a person who as- sumes special knowledge out- side his area of competence risks opening himself to error on a grand and foolish scale. And he Is surely more common- seusical in his advice to parents than to their children. Nevertheless, his curious po- litical and social pronounce- ments should not detract from Benjamin Spock's significant contributions to child-rearing. TT'S almost three years ago since I had the temerity to walk into the Leth- bridge Herald and ask if I could do some writing for them. Big Daddy (C. W. perhaps apprehensive at my mid- He-aged m other liness, my obvious nervous- ness, plus my admission that I'd never worked "out" before, made a steeple out of his hands and said he'd "think about it." He didn't. Not for several months at least. In the meantime, back at home, I was driving my nice husband bonkers. Having just moved away from all but one of our five children, and finding my housework (without the incentive of serving a family of seven or eight) less than inspiring, 1 became morose. I even started to show dan- gerous signs of developing into a finicky, nitty-gritty type housekeeper. I'd wash down perfectly clean cupboards; I kept my silver (usually in a rich, coppertone state) immaculate. And I couldn't get used to cooking for just three. Each night I pealed pounds of potatoes and prepared large, fat- tening desserts. The only writing I did was a tear-stained daily report to one or other of the kids "back home." So at the insistence of my concerned hus- band I bugged Big Daddy several times more, and finally, his resistance worn down, he said he thought he could find a place for me, as a reporter. That first day at work is one that .will live in my memory forever. In the strange- ness of the noisy newsroom, surrounded by energetic youthful reporters, whose aver- age age must have been all of 22, I felt as out of place a middle-aged housewife in a newsroom. And the daily news didn't seem to relate to anything the least familiar to me, like why my jelly didn't jell or why my violets were doing so poorly. Somehow I survived the day, but all learned at the end of was that in our .newspaper style, we left the u's out ol words like labor and favor. Jt was hardly an auspicious start. But the city editor, the young reporters, Big Daddy and the news editors were im- mensely helpful. When I finally was sent out on my first assignment I had a sudden urge to disappear into the I carried on, came back with a story, and when the paper came out that day with my byline everyone kindly congratulated me. They didn't point out my goofs which I thought eminently considerate of them. But as a reporter, in my opinion, I had housewifey approach which I couldn't overcome. Partly, I suppose, because my heart really wasn't in it. I could accept and appreciate the five points of the who, what, why, when and where ba- sics of a story. It was the "how" that stumped me. "How did this accident hap- or "how did this ordinary man be- come so and so on. Eventually Mr. Bill Hay came up with an idea which would relieve me of some routine reporting and give me more ex- perience in interviewing. .Thus the column on interesting local personalities developed. Then Doug Walker allowed me to sub- mit little stories on a variety of non-issues for the editorial pages and these two more creative outlets balanced out the doubts I held on my reporting ability. And now it's goodbye time, We are re- turning to Winnipeg, our children and grandchildren, (and according to most Lethbridgeites) the proximity of the polar ice-cap. Now Winnipeg IS cold in Janu- ary and February, but after this year in southern Alberta, well------. I'm sorry I'm unable to get around to say goodbye personally to the many peo- ple I've met and written about. I like you all, and you were very patient with me. 1 regret not being able to continue my "peo- ple" stories, but that's an impossibil- ity from a distance of 750 miles. I had high hopes of getting out and writ- Ing about 'some of our more interesting buildings in Alberta. I wanted to spend an afternoon with a Hutterite colony; I want- ed to get up into the Pass and hear some of the fine stories the old-timers have to tell of the olden days. But the time has come for me to go and these are ambi- tions a newspaper writer sometimes must forego. However, there undoubtedly will be some- one else carry on with these ideas. 1 do hope so, for there are many, many un- written stories in southern Alberta, and un- less an effort is made to record them, they, unfortunately, stand the possibility of be- coming lost. In a couple of years I hope to be back to help celebrate the RCMP centenary In Fort Macleod. Perhaps The Herald will al- low me to do a story or two centred around this event as I've been doing so much re- search on the force, for another source, that there are times when I have a funny feeling I too came out here in 1874. Per- haps also, from time to time, if I have any bright inspirations, Doug Walker might use Eome of my little nonsense on his pages once again. So in a way I'm not really saying goodbye, merely, au revoir. How's that for bilingualism? Indians in Africa By Marian TN the face of Uganda President Tdi Amin's ruthless decision to expel the Asians, what Is likely to happen to the Indians in the rest of Africa? They are heavily embedded in the econ- omy of South Africa, Rhodesia, Tanzania and Kenya. If Mahatma Gandhi, who lived in South Africa for 20 years, were still living, we'd probably hear of the greatest display of civil disobedience in history. His heart was always -with the Indians, who lived so far from their homeland. Why is Mrs. Indira Gandhi so hesitant to open the gates of India to them? She ably shelters Tibetan refugees and provides an around the clock guard of 123 policemen for their Dalai Lama to pro- tect him from the Chinese Communists. Most of the African Indians, thousands ol whom shall soon arrive in Canada, have never seen India. Their arrival and early history in Africa is tied up with the forma- tive years, In the 19th century, of the gold and diamond industry. European employers, observing tho black man's struggle to understand West- ern concepts and standards of work tend- ed to throw up their arms in despair. Things were moving so fast in the indus- try that it soon seemed inevitable that the tribal African was incapable of unshack- ling himself from his lackadaisical atti- tudes toward work, He was not interested in the progress and development of his country. His interests lay in his herds, wives and tribal eurtoms a pastoral exis- tence, so different from the rough-and' tumble life in Ihe mining towns. Due to this, employers decided they musl look elsewhere for labor. So they turned to India. In 1880 the first shiploads of Indians steamed into Durham, South Africa. They had come to work in the mines and ts cane cutters on N'atal's sugar plantations. Bound by a three-year contract, most of them, when it terminated, decided to set- tle permanently in South Africa. They be- came small-scale market gardeners, hawk- ers, fishermen anrl eventually shopkeepers and jewellers. Anyone who has visited these areas or the island of Zanzibar, has seen, I'm sure, how they took over the "comrr-er" cial" life of these countries. The Indian population is large In both South Africa and Bhodesia. I found them satisfied and happy. Although subjected to apartheid in South Africa (not Rhodesia) it doesn't bother them. In their background for thousands of years is the caste system, more restrictive' in many ways than apart- heid. "Would you like to go to I enquired. In every case the answer was "No, I like South Africa." What about your caste system and your Hindu religion? "We have our own temples, schools and univer- sities in our townships these being sub- sidized by the government." As a conse- quence, the rest hospitalization, medical and sports are at a minimal cost. In Tanzania, the story is different. Whilo In Arusha, I spoke to several Indian shop- keepers. "Things have changed, we must sell and go they chorused. Kenya and Tanzania, both of whom the world recognizes, are alertly guarding their borders now to prevent an exodus oi Indians from Uganda. This will cnuie moro concern among those livjig in IJese two countries. The sudden and drastic move on the part of President Amin of Uganda emphasizes vividly the distress that might occur to the millions of Europeans and Indians in South Africa and of whom have had their roots there for a black single-party should take over. On the use of words w< Theodore Bernstein Word oddities. With politics taking front seat these days, it may be appropri- ate to find out what a ballot is. The word comes from the Italian baltotta, a little ball. In early days secret voting was accomplished by depositing little balls in an urn. That method is a far cry from today's elaborate voting machines and the only connection is that sometimes the ma- chines get all balled up. Probably the drop- ping of those little balls into the urn ex- plains why we cast a ballot, rather than lever it or slide it or what-have-you it. Fast and firm. A while back this rec- tangle mentioned that there was a connec- tion between list meaning swift and fast meaning abstinence from food, Now Mor- ris J. Selis of Philadelphia raises a ques- tion to which he doesn't expect an answer: "If a fast horse is one that runs, why is a fast color one that does not He's going to get a partial answer, whether he likes it or not. The link between fast and swift is not entirely clear, though there seems to have been a progression from firm to close to quick. But the Idea of fast in the sense of a color that doesn't run is indeed clear: The word derives from the Old English faest, meaning stable or firm, and that's what a fast color Is. In the same letter Mr. Selis observes that a farmer will tell you that blackberries are red when they are green. not go into that. ;