Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 28, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
JHJ inmSlOGE HERALD Thgnday, IS, 197J The right to strike Progressive Conservative leader Robert Staiifield lias clarified state- ments issued by PC national head- quarters, about his views on the right to strike. He says that the right to srike is a democratic right and that he would wihdraw it only ill ser- .vices where a strike "would be a menace to public health and safety." Mr. Stanfield advises that a Con- servative government would appoint a public disputes commission em- powered to decide what areas un- der federal jurisdiction qualify as essential services. The commission would also be empowered to "anti- cipate areas of difficulty" and to "try to find solutions for labor con- flicts before they develop." There will be some who oppose the withdrawal of the right to strike even in such public services defined by Mr. Stanfield. There are others who think his proposals do not go far enough. But the strike issue is ona which deeply concerns the Canadian public. It should be aired by all poli- tical candidates even though some of them might prefer to leave it on the back burner. It is to Mr. Stan- field's credit that he has brought a sensitive, highly contentious subject into the public forum where it be- longs. Arms and guerrillas Terrorism and international mea- sures which could be taken to com- bat it is under debate in the UN. Combined opposition of Arab and African nations to put it on the agen- da at all preclude any hope that prag- matic resolutions will be adopted. The only tiling that can be said for sura is that the debate will be acrimon- ious, that there will be a consider- able outpouring impassioned rhe- toric, most of it irrelevant and some it irrational. Under these conditions it is some- what difficult to understand why the General Assembly should discuss it at all, except that; those countries who uphold terrorism and hijacking as a legitimate weapon of retaliation, may be forced to acknowledge their views in the full light UN dis- cussion. There is, however, a type ter- rorism which is not up for discus- sion and does not come under U.S. Secretary of State William Rogers' definition of It. This is the kind of ag- gression that sparks the mini-wars, the hit-and-run raids which break out like brush fires all over the world month in month out. This week it was Uganda and Tanzania, South Yemen and Yemen, Israel, Syria and Lebanon. None of these would have been possible without a supply of conventional arms. None of these countries, other than Israel, manu- factures arms of. its own. John Gellner, writing from the UN, points out that "Syria, Yemen and South Yemen use virtually only So- viet weaponry. Tanzania has Chinese arms, Uganda has Soviet and British arms, Lebanon has American, French and British arms." No nation should be denied defen- sive arms, the means to protect itself against aggression from oth- ers. But there ought to be at least a beginning made to control the inter- national arms trade in offensive military material. There have been previous attempts made by UN dis- armament committees, and by the assembly itself, but since 1968 the issue has not appeared on the agen- da. Why? According to Mr. GellJner, measures which might have succeed- ed were vigorously opposed, not by the arms suppliers but by the im- porting countries. Thus it is that conventional armi control, a vital issue in keeping global peace, is not among the sub- jects for discussion in the UN meet- ings this session a sad comment on the ability of the world body to come to grips with the realities of the causes and prevention of. wars. Save the tower There may be good reasons why the old Central School tower has to be demolished. They are not obvious, however. What must have struck a lot of people who looked at the photo- graph of the tower in The Herald is a feeling of regret that this arti- fact, with its interesting lines and historic associations, is soon to dis- appear. Surely there is a plot of ground somewhere in the city where the tow- er could be removed, to be on per- manent display. It would not be any more out of place in a park than an old locomotive or some war relic. In fact, the same interest would be taken in the tower as in other me- mentoes of the past. Perhaps it should sit in the corner of a school yard where the contrast with the new functional lines would he most mark- ed and thus remarked upon. The tower should be saved. Can the historical society make some sug- gestions to the city parks depart- ment in time to prevent disappoint- ment? Future-planning in schools By Bessie M. Annand, Lakeview Elementary School of the recurring themes of the Worth Commission Report Is that more systematic future-planning is neces- sary in Alberta schools. This planning may be for tho future or of the future. The report states that educators must ask hard questions about what they have done, where they are going, and where they should go so that much of the irra- tionality, subjectivity, and conservatism that now characterizes many educational debates aiul decisions might be removed. Further, it states that effective planning is essential to achieve quality and efficincy in the education process. Educational planning should have the general objective of making schooling more responsive lo the needs of Individuals and of society, states the report. This is, a statement with which many educators In Lethbridge agree. Furthermore, the im- portance of planning of the future was rec- ognized by Lethbridge educators while tho preparation of the Worth report was still In progress. Definite steps in tho planning of the future were taken by educators in Lethbridge Public School District No. 51 more than two years ago when a Task Force on Non-Grading was set up by the LPSD Administrators' Association and with tile knowledge of the school board. The task fores was originally composed of school principals and central office staff. In 1971-72 the membership was broadened to include classroom teachers from prim- ary grades to senior high school. Meetings were held after school hours every two weeks with the committee work- ing toward the preparation of a statement of: (1) the educational philosophy of School District No. 51, i.e. a statement of the broad educational goals of the school dis- trict; (2) the nature of children; (3) the specification for a model school system; C4) basic characteristics of alternate sys- tems of graded and non-graded schools; (5) the resource requirements for alter- nate systems; and (6) priorities in speci- fications. The committee also worked toward: (1) the preparation of feasibility studies; (2) the surveying of facility, staff, and mater- ial resources in this district; and (3) the Letters Political inconsistency "Boys will be Tom Wicker The poll problem A classic Inconsistency in the field of political endeavor is un- folding before us here in south- ern Alberta. One wonders it people are really so stupid these days that they fail to rec- ognize glaring deception when they see it, or are the politi- cians simply insulting our in- telligence feeding us the gluck they do. In the Lethbridge constituen- cy Mr. Andy Russell is cam- paigning under the Liberal ban- ner. His qualifications and ded- ication as naturalist and out- spoken defender of Canada's ecology are beyond question and above reproach. If anyone can ever hope to furtber the cause of a Canada unspoiled, Andy is the man. Unfortunately the hal- lowed halls of Parliament are lined with the ghosts and the spirits of sincere and dedicated men who came to save, to solve, or to build. Nevertheless, the Liberal platform in Lethbridge at least, is to preserve for future gener- ations, our mountains and our lakes, our clear tinkling streams, our silent forests, un- polluted prairies and our boun- tiful wildlife. Across a wandering, wiggly, imaginary line a line known to few and understood by no one to the Medicine Hat con- stituency, we are treated to a different Liberal platform. Mr. Bud Olson, likewise sincere, dedicated, learned beyond liis years, and a prominent min- ister of the federal cabinet at a salary commensurate with Ms station, is carrying the ban- ner. He scoffs openly at who would venture to suggest that a concentrated military de- secration of .vast areas of deli- cate prairie is a matter of the slightest concern. A senseless and useless exercise in the fu- tility of outmoded armaments, a totally bewildering disregard for the reasonable arguments and representations of natural- ists, wildlife organizations, and defejidfirs of the ecology, Is the policy it would seem, on this side of the line. The policy the government. An area roughly equal In to Andy's constituency, with iff wildlife and it's strange natural beauty, the endless rolling hills of the huge British block all count for nothing. It Is difficult to imagine a more flagrant waste of a thousand square miles, a horizon-wide natural resource, and it's impossible to believe that the experts and the observers will preserve this land for future Canadians. Mr. Olson hopes it can remain a military playground for foreign powers. On the one hand we have a political platform, on the other we have (he realities of politi- cal expediency. It would not be wise, afler these 30-odd years, ta have too many people get in there north and east of Suffield and start wondering what has been going on. L. K. WALKER Milk River TVEW YORK If President Nixon were leading Sen. George McGovern by some con- ventional margin five or eight or 10 points no one would be much concern- ed about the question of polls. But no presidential candidate has ever been so far behind in a national poll as McGovern was on Labor Day, when he trailed by 34 points. Not only the size of the Nixon lead is raising questions; Mc- Govern himself published Mon- day a private poll showing that he was gaining and was trail- ing the president by "only 22 points. By itself, that would not be much for the Democrats to crow about, but it is in such sharp contrast with other poll findings that it intensifies the debate about political poll-tak- ing. The most important question is whnt effect, if any, the polls themselves have on public opin- ion; is it possible that an ordin- ary voter, reading that Nixon is ahead 62-23, will be unaffect- ed in any way? Some think although Dr. George Gallup has stoutly resisted the idea that such polls are bound to create a Nixon bandwagon psychol- ogy among people who are looking for a winner, or who tend to to guided by discernible public opinion. Others including Louis Har- ris, another national polltaker suggest that such a big lead as most poUs now report for the- president could work for McGovern by making the Nixon forces lac- tor that was almost surely at work in the great Truman up- set victory of 1M8. Still another possibility Is that, when the McGovern cam- paign starts to move upward, as most politicans and polltak- ers believe it is bound to, a kind of reverse bandwagon could take hold; that is, the gains reflected in the polls could create new gains by mak- ing McGovern appear to be closing with a rush. That prob- ably happened in 1960, when Hubert Humphrey trailing Nixon by 41 to 31 in Septem- ber turned his campaign around with his Vie! r.? n speech of Sept. 30, gained ground throughout October in well-publicized polls, and finish- ed in a virtual dead heat. All of this sounds a warning to the press that is easier to hear than to respond to. While it may be true that polls pre- dicting the outcome of an elec- tion have some effect on the defeat of one candidate or the other, can it therefore be said that such polls ought not lo be published? Hardly; for to with- hold such Information, once It is available, would simply have the opposite effect. All polls, depending upon such factors as the sample and the interviewing technique, have admitted margins of error up to perhaps eight per cent. Again depending upon variable factors, polls do not necessar- ily measure such important questions as which candidate will most effectively get his voters to the polling places on election day. Only the most diligent and unremitting polling can detect last minute voter switches, even when they are massive. Anci no amount of polling will accurately reflect truly last- minute (within the polling booth) snitches when, say, a "democrat for Nixon" reverts suddenly to a lifelong faith. So it is just as well to re- member that if the election on November 7 is not quite "the only poll that it is at least the only one that counts. (New York Times Service) Need better solutions presenting of 'choice of preferred meth- ods. After two years of deliberations the task force on non-grading presented a second in- terim report to the administrators' associa- tion, and subsequently to the school board. This report listed characteristics of a non- graded school and made recommendations for future activities of the committee. The interim report also made 10 recom- mendations for changes in Lethbridge classrooms which could be made opera- tional immediately. Each teacher in the public school system will receive R copy of the second interim report of the task force on non-grading. It is hoped that this report will be considered by school staffs at regular staff meetings. A meetng of the admnstrators1 asso- ciation recently accepted the report as a whole and accepted the recommendation that the committee continue its efforts. In view of the Worth Commission's recom- mendations it was suggested that the com- mittee might now change the thrust of its deliberations and examine the ways of in- troducing more variability into schools. The task force is already hard at work on this project. In a day-long meeting Sep- tember 21 the task force defined its new task as being to describe several models of school operation which would have vary- ing degrees of flexibility In structure and in programs. These models are to be de- fined in terms of personnel, time, objec- tives, curriculum, and in use of various media, materials and methods in teaching. Task force members have divided them- selves into four sub-committees each of which will describe one model of flexible schooling at the system, school, and class- room level. The outcome of the sub-com- mittees' deliberations will be discussed at a meeting of the Usk force on October 11, at which time (he committee will also de- cide on the next steps to be taken. The establishment of the task force and Its continuation are evidence that educat- ors in Lethbridge are forward-looking peo- ple convinced of the necessity of planning of the future. The effects of the task force's efforts may be reflected In the dir- ection which future education takes in this community and indeed may affect educa- tional trends in Alberta. With the world in such dire conditions it is sad to see the political parties going through tho same old election routines. The old line parties have ad- mirable candidates here who would do their best for us with- in the framework of groups that have failed in the past. These candidates are just part of the political game wherein one segment of the economy fights another segment to see who gets top control for a while. But basically both part- ies are alike. It is a wonder that such intelligent candidates can allow themselves to be a part of such games. Social Credit is strong for in- dividual initiative and has pro- posals to keep purchasing power in step with production. This will have to be done somehow if there is ever to be economic justice. But Social Credit has one. grave weakness, it allows busi- ness to go its own way un- checked. The Ralph Nader dis- closures and the pollution mess that we will have to pay to clean up show that industry can- not be left to control itself. This leaves the NDP with government control of selected industries. Where socialism has been tried there have been prob- lems with the deadening of ini- tiative. People who have work- ed for a government know full well how easily an inefficient bureaucaracy can build up any time a government tries to ad- In the ordinary 1963. It Is not clear what has male offered was million, minister anything. However, Tilannino 0pn- hnnnened jiinrp. the bizrleet hut T.oavinff aside Ihe minor, and there Is some merit to the idea of having public ownership of those industries that require public subsidies or tax exemp- tions so that they can pay divi- dends to investors. Maybe it would be best to have the oppossing forces near- ly equal in the balance of power in parliament. A minor- ity government situation has been advocated by some mem- bers of the Committee for an Independent Canada. This would prevent any one group from imposing its ideas on the rest of the country. But wouldn't you think that some group would come up with' bet- ter solutions for our problems? Truly, education alone seems unable to do it. We need men of character and courage lo try something different. JIM BURNESS Lelhbridge. Respect Maurice Western The national bank book household, planning gen- erally starts with such essen- tial items as the bank book. Things are different in a fed- eral election which is some- times, if rather imaginatively, described as a grand national accounting. The usual proced- ure, at about this stage, is to toss the bank book away. ft is plain from the speeches of their leaders that all the op- position parties have in mind soma large changes which will have effects on our bank book when it has been recovered af- ter the election. The operation envisaged by the Conservatives Is presumably a major one since it involves "turning around the economic policy of the government. But in fact since the days of Mr. Trudeau's all-out campaign against inflation, it has been turned. Even before John Turner became minister of fi- nance, the government had swung over to a tax policy dir- ected chiefly against unemploy- ment. One measure of the change was offered by a non-political authority, the chairman of lha economic council. Andre Ray- naud gave tho House of Com- mons finance committee figures on the operations of all govern- ments; in 1969 they were oper- ating at a surplus of bil- lion; in 1970 of J2.4 billion; in 1071 billion and in the pres- ent year, as a result of the Turner budget, between and billion. Thus there has been an effective reduction over two year.i of.about ?1 billion, mostly as a result of federal changes. Mr. Turner budgeted for a deficit of millions or millions on, the national ac- counts basis. This followed a deficit which turned out to he millions; in fact we have had only one surplus since happened since the budget but tho persistence of unemploy- ment and consequent heavy drain of revenues to the unem- ployment insurance fund can- not have been helpful to the government's accounting. Mr. Stanfield does not regard this lightly; he interprets Mr. Mac- kasey to imply that it may amount to a million Item. How much deeper into the red would Mr. Stanfield carry us? He has been making a fair number of promises on the campaign trail and it would be interesting to have an over- all accounting. Any minister of finance would have been delighted to dispense with the Income tax increase of January 1. Mr. Stanfield says that he will do this. Mr. Turner could not part with the million involved because he was already sacrificing about million through cor- porate income lax reduction for the specific purpose, lauded by Mr. Stanficld, of "getting Can- adians back to work." In addi- tion, there were the various pension and other changes in the Turner budget. The Conservative leader also renewed his commitment to re- move the tax on building mat- erials. There are no precise est- imates of the cost. Officials be- lieve, however, that these tax- es represent a revenue of to million in the present year. Then there Is t.ha Stanfield constant dollar proposal intend- ed to keep the government from profiting by inflation. This would have cost about mil- lion in 1972-73 according to an estimate of the department of finance. However, the system would have been In effect for only part of that year; thus [he cost would have risen steeply, thereafter. For 1973-74, the esti- Leaving aside the minor, and not-so-minor, blessings which Mr. Stanfield has announced along the way, these three items amount to something be- tween million and million. The figures are, of course, estimates and there might be partial offsets in gains for the revenue with an improvement of conditions. But the economy is often stubborn- ly resistant to the plans of pol- iticians. Unless Mr. Stanfield has in mind drastic cutback] elsewhere, it looks as if we would be headed for a huge deficit if these proposals were implemented. It is only fair to note that Mr. Stanlickl does have some reductions in mind; for ex- ample, he is pledged to abolish Information Canada. But that is 8 mere million item. What would be useful and what he has yet to offer us is an esti- mate of the over-all bill. The great turn-around, on initial in- spection, appears to involve an enormous deficit which would complicate another of Mr. Stan- field's objectives; success in the struggle with inflation. The shortcomings of the pres- ent government are obvious. Mr. Stanficld analyses the shortcomings, one by one, and proposes cures. If the problems existed in isolation, this might be satisfactory. But they are all mixed up and any respon- sible Conservative finance min- ister would have to take an over-all approach. It is the over-all plan that will affect us; in jobs, in tax- es and in living costs. Mr. Stanfield would be more per- suasive if he would start with our existing bank book, and prcvide us with his best esti- mate of the cost of the political goods we are invited to buy. (Herald Ottawa bureau) Respect Is a deceptive com- modity. It can't be taught; it can only bo earned. In his sports column recently, Pat Sullivan upbraided two Ameri- can athletes for their casual attitude on the victors' stand ckiring the playing of their na- tional anthem. It would havt been more pertinent to ask: Where did the United States go wrong, that it failed to earn respect of its black sons? JEANNE BEATY. Lethbridge. [sunn "Gewgt it in his element, with this being the year cf 'the poiitiu of The Lethbtidge Herald 504 7th St. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Regisrratloo No. 0012 cf Tlie Canadian Press and tde Canadian Daily Publishers' AitoctaMon and thi Audit Bureau cf Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Aisoci3ic Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Admitting Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH"