Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 28, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE UTHBRIDCE HERAID Monday, Soptombcr 28, sgttB H', "'rvffn TTf: I Tn i thi U b History's ms An ominous quid prevails in Jor- dan, a silence pervaded by the hide- ous stench of death. The blackened, bloated bodies of Arab men, women and children, pawns of the dreadful civil war will be interred. Some of the wounded will be removed for treatment, but thousands have al- ready died in agony, alone and un- attended. They are the victims of his- tory, of human passion and frustra- tion, of the fires of hate unleashed and uncontrolled. Now the world asks this be prevented from proliferating into even more widespread conflict, even greater carnage? The answers are pitifully slow in coming. It is clear that there can be no return, no peace, if the situation in Jordan is allowed to remain as it is at present. Bold decisions must be made. The Palestinian Arabs can no longer be relegated to a twilight exis- tence in refugee camps. When peace negotiations commence, if they ever do the guerrillas cannot be ignored. It 'has taken hijackings, violent civil war, thousands of lives to bring this fact to the councils of the world. Jordan is the key to the Arab-Is- raeli dispute. It has a common fron- tier with Israel, two-thirds of its peo- ple are Palestinians. It is in the cen- tre of the cross fire of Arab revolu- tionary movements and international rivalries. Somewhere, somehow a home must be found for the displaced Palestin- rn ians. The difficulties now seem insur- mountable both from the Israeli and the Arab point of view. There would have to be iron clad security guaran- tees by both Russia and the U.S. if apprehensions on both sides were to be put at rest. Israel now, and with good reason trusts no one complete- ly, except herself. Nor do the Pales- tinians, who have even less reason to place their confidence in the integ- rity of the big powers. The Palestin- ians are not even a viable nation yet. The proliferating guerrillas are di- vided in political ideology and aim. It was only when total destruction threatened them that they were able to close ranks under one leader. Even if it were possible to find someone to speak for the Palestinians by their common consent, would they remain united under any leader who did not commit himself to the liberation of the whole of former Palestine and the total destruction of Israel? Can a na- tional Palestinian home be found? Time will give some of the an- swers, but it cannot give the entire solution. What is clear after the events of the past two weeks, is that no peace can come unless the Palestin- ian Arabs are involved in the dis- cussions. To date no true leader has emerged. Hale, distrust, greed and ambition rules the Arab world today. Hope of a solution seems further away than ever. The one ray of sun- shine in the black cloud of gloom is that the ceasefire between Egypt and Israel has not yet been broken. Titos Foresight No one, not even the Yugoslavs themselves, was surprised at Presi- dent Tito's announcement that the top leadership of Europe's most progres- sive Communist country would be re- organized. Running the affairs of Yugoslavia will be in the hands of a collective body with Tito continuing as president, at least for the present. Rumors that he intended to make such a move in preparation for the inevitability of death, have been cur- rent for several years. Tito, now 78, wants to be sure that the six national republics will remain under federal authority when he is gone. Most of the credit for maintaining the unity of Yugoslavia in the past quarter century must go to Tito. The strife between the Croats and the Slovenes who inherit a European tradition and style of life and the Serbs whose customs and history are Turkish, has more than once threaten- ed to disrupt the union. The language problem adds to complexity. Old hatreds die hard and they continue to exist below the surface. Under the firm direction of the war-time re- sistance leader Josef Broz Tito, these animosities were kept under control. Yugoslavia has maintained its stab- ility, has given its people more per- sonal freedom than any other Com- munist country in the world and has at the same time successfully resist- ed attempted interference by the U.S.S.R. in its affairs. President Tito, well aware that in- ternal disorder after Ms death, might break up Yugoslavia, giving Russia the excuse it needs to take over his country, is attempting to prevent domestic chaos and outside interfer- ences after he is gone. All the diffi- culties will not simply disappear now or in the future, but the' changeover now is good news for Western Euro- peans. Two NATO nations, Greece and Italy, have common borders with Yugoslavia and Western indus- try has a huge investment there. An upheaval of the status quo would be a further threat to world peace. I wouldn't pay any attention to any particular poll on any particu- lar subject Mr. Harold Wilson. The American Bar Association for- mula of a lawyer for hire specifically excludes those who most need legal help the vast army of the poor. Kunstler, attorney for the former Chicago Seven, replying to criticism of him by the ABA. Art Buchwald WASHINGTON Washington has be- come the setting for several new television programs. The Bold Ones, starr- ing Hal Holbrook, features a U.S. senator dealing with the problems of legislating for the country. Nancy is about a Presi- dent's daughter who lives in the White House and is in love with a veterinarian. Another one in the planning stage and written by a Hollywood friend of mine is titled John and Martha, the story of a sim- ple attorney general of the United States named John and his simple fun-loving wife, Martha. My friend said in John and Martha he hopes to answer til e question of whether a man and woman who hate students, pro- fessors, educators and Sen. J. William Fulbright can find happiness in Washing- ton. "We're working on the pilot my friend said. "It's really a lot of laughs. We open with the Ally. Gen. John attend- ing his fourth cocktail party of the eve- ning. He's talking to a woman and tells her professors arc 'stupid bastards' who are ruining the educational institutions. He calls Henry Kissinger, the President's as- sistant, an 'egocentric maniac' who likes to have his picture taken with Jill St. John, and he blames the Democrats for all the woes in the country. "Well, what John doesn't know is that the woman he's talking to works for Women's Wear Daily and everything he's told her is printed in the paper. John reads it in bed the next morning with an ice beg on his head. "You can imagine the my friend said chuckling on the phone. "The first thing John decides to do is deny he spoke to the reporter. Hut Martha has a better idea. While John is putting more ice in his bag, Martha sneaks to the upstairs bathroom o f their Watergate apartment duplex and telephones a United Press reporter and tells her the Women's Wear Daily story is ridiculous." I started to chuckle myself. "Now here is where it really gets funny. After denying what John said, Martha makes matters worse by saying the aca- demic society is responsible for all the troubles in the country and is destroying the United States. She tells the reporter that professors make her sick to her stom- ach, and they're a bunch of sidewalk dip- lomats and they don't have any right to say anything." My friend was roaring with laughter. "It's pretty funny so far" I admitted. My friend continued. "In the next scene Martha has the ice bag on her head and she's reading what she told the United Press. John doesn't know what to do, so he sneaks up into the bathroom of Water- gate and he calls his office and tells Item to deny everything." But while John is on the telephone in the bathroom, Martha starts calling other reporters confirming what she said. "The next day John has the ice bag on his head and he reads all the tilings Martha has added to the story. "Here's where the tlu'ng really takes my friend said. "Guess who comes to visit John while he's in "John Kenneth I asked. "No, stupid. Henry Kissinger and Jill St. John! They announce that, thanks to John, they're going to get married. Martha gets so excited when she hears the news that she rushes upstairs to her bathroom and calls the Associated Press." "Thai's I said truthfully. "But what are you going to do for the next "I don't know my friend said. "But John and Martha will think of something." (Toronto Telegram News Service) Joseph. A Feckless Performance In Mid-East WASHINGTON The Nixon administration bears no small part of the blame for Ihe tragedy now unfolding in the Near East. For what precipi- tated the trouble was the American initiative for peace in the area. However well-meaning in spirit that initiative, it was un- dertaken without systematic analysis of Ihe consequences by an Administration which had no means of rapidly co- ordinating what was bound to be a complicated line of policy. It was a case of irresponsible meddling that has landed the President in a very bad jam. The chain of events begins with a decision taken by the United States last spring to withhold military assistance from Israel pending Israeli agreement to participate in a ceasefire and peace negotia- tions through a United Nations mediator. Under that pressure, the Israelis joined Egypt and Jordan in accepting the June 19 peace initiative put forward by Secretary William Rogers. The result was the ceasefire of Aug. 7. But those events invited two sets of dangerous calculations. The Palestinian commandos saw the makings of a settle- ment that would mean a sell- out of their efforts to establish a state of their own. They un- dertook the skyjackings of Labor Day weekend in order to sabotage the peace moves. The skyjackings posed a di- rect challenge to the authority of ICing Hussein in Jordan. The result was the confrontation be- tween the Jordanian armed forces and the Palestine com- mandos. Even that confronta- tion would almost certainly have ended happily for the king except for the other dangerous calculation. The Russians have been try- ing to regain credit with the Arabs ever since they let them down so badly in the six-day war. For years the best they could do was resupply their Arab clients with arms. But the American peace initiative im- plied that this country would press Israel to relinquish the lands seized during the 1967 conflict. The Russians saw there a chance to make it seem to the Arabs that the withdrawal was occasioned by S'oviet military pressure on Israel and the United States. Accordingly, the Russians accompanied every step of the peace initiative with a visible increase of the mili- tary build-up. The engagement of their pilots, the advance of their missiles, the deliberate violation of the ceasefire were all designed to give the Arabs the illusion that if peace came it was thanks to Soviet muscle on their behalf. In the end, this growing sense of Russian strength caused the chief So- viet clients in the area, the Sy- rians, to intervene against King Hussein in Jordan. This awful process could have been cut short long ago bv an unmistakable sign from to Moscow. But for months the Nixon administra- tion has been at sixes and sev- ens about the Near East with no one short of the President himself able to formulate a uni- fied policy. Honest Of fisher I Didn't Know I Was Loaded. Henry Kissinger, the Presi- dent's special assistant for na- tional security affairs, has the formal responsibility or co-ordi- nation. He has felt keenly the need for arresting the Soviet build-up. Hence the use of the word "expel" in the back- ground briefing of June 30. But as a Jew with known sympa- thies for Israel, he has been afraid to assert himself strong- ly. The State Department also has some co-ordination respon- sibilities in foreign policy. But the managerial capacity of the department has gone way down since former Under Secretary Elliot Richardson became Sec- retary of Health, Education, and Welfare. Secretary William Rogers and not a few of his aides have been hooked on the idea of making their mark as peacemakers in the Near East. There was visible plea- sure at State when Kissinger's use of the word "expel" gave the department the chance to claim that lie was "under- mining" their peace efforts. Finally, the Defence Depart- ment is supposed to stay in touch through the Bureau of In- ternational Security Affairs. But Secretary Melvin Laird has filled that bureau with right-wing ideologists unable to sense sophisticated policy ori- entation. Perhaps the most damaging comment all along has been Mr. Laird's airy dis- missal of the Soviet cheating on the ceasefire as something that could never he proved. The upshot is an awful mess. The lives of the Americans held hostage by the Palestine guer- rillas arc in danger. Jordan, a state directly backed by the United iVates, is menaced by Syria, s state directly backed by the Soviet Union. The Rus- sians are moving to deepen their penetration of Egypt. Is- rael, feeling more menaced than ever, has won American annulment of the former condi- tion that arms would be forth- coming only if she participated in peace negotiations. AH the most perilous ele- ments in the Near East, in short, are on the loose. The President has to try to calm the dangers with almost no- thing going for him except naked power. And that this should have come to happen re- flects feckless performance in many quarters of the Admini- stration. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Anthony Westell Canada And U.S.S.R. Plan Information Exchange Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau plans to sign an agreement with the Soviet Union for ex- change of technological and scientific information, when he visits Moscow next month. The agreement is in the final stages of diplomatic negotia- tion between the two countries and is a significant experiment in expanding national relations. For Canada, it means an op- portunity to seek advanced in- dustrial equipment and to bene- fit from the Soviet technology of Arctic development. For the Soviet Union, the agreement will give access to North American industrial ad- vances and represents another step in opening its Communist economic system to western ideas and influence. Letters To The Editor A key figure in the negotia- tions is Dzerman M. Gvishiani deputy chairman of the U.S.S.R. State Committee for Science and Technology and son-in-law of Premier Kosygin. He was in Canada earlier this year, establishing useful working contacts with Polymer Corporation the crown-owned producer of synethic rubber and plastics, and discussing with Trudeau over a long lunch the agreement to exchange in- formation. Gvishiani is one of the young- er, progressive Soviet leaders who fears that Communist in- dustry is lagging behind the west in technological develop- ment partly because an un- due proportion of the Soviet re- search effort goes into defence and exploration of space. He The Red Man's Name In answer to letter printed in The Lethbridge Herald from Mr. J. P. Cowan. If you backed me into a cor- ner, I would have to sincerely disagree and slightly agree with Mr. Cowan's suggestion of "changing tile Red Man's name back to his mother tongue." For one reason, it would be linguistically unfeasible. The language of the "Red Man" is infinitely more complex than that of the "White Man." (Po- lish, English, German, Russian, et In the local Indian dialect try to imagine the name, Sitting Bull; "ak kop be ah sa yoh kom or Many Fingers; "ak- goh-get-tsiss." How would you attempt to write or even pro- nounce the mere complex names such as "Strikes With A Gun" or ".Long Time Squirrel." Highly ignorant people (there are quite a few left) would say "Damn foreigner" when they heard "ak-goh-get-tsiss" but (hen wouldn't it be the ether Way around? How would you expect the secretary of the Indian Affairs the known English word factors and become pro- ficient in tne Indian language when my younger brothers and sisters cannot. This is provid- ing the fates are kind to the Indian Affairs Department. The crux of the problem is finding my identity as a per- son first. Isn't finding one's self more important than his cultural identity? Frankly I never knew I was a problem and had trouble find- ing my identity until someone told me. WALLACE Ak-goh-get-tsiss (Manyfingers) Lethbridge. Looks End 1 agree with your editorial. The Provincial Government, from what I read and hear on radio and TV, looks very bad in respect to the case of Mr. Jack Day. It must, or at least should, feel ashamed. A REAUEK. Lellibridgc. wants to import western expe- rience in applying science and technology to industry. The Italian Fiat Company is already building a huge auto plant in the Soviet Union. France and Britain have agree- ments with Moscow to ex- change information gives them preferential places in the Soviet market. West Ger- many's new accord with the So- viet Union is opening the door to economic co-operation. Canada has been trying for years to expand trade in nidus- trial goods with the Soviet Union, without much success. Businessmen have found it frustrating to deal with state trading corporations which cut them off from direct contacts with their potential customers, the industrial planners and managers who have to make the choice about what equip- ment to buy and then operate it. Although' the Soviet Union and Canada share many simi- lar industrial problems cold weather construction in the north, for example, and tech- nological development in forest and mining industries Mos- cow seems to have been slow to recognize Canada as an ad- vanced country. A Soviet delegation which visited the vast Churchill Falls power project in remote Lab- rador this year was astonished by winter construction tech- niques. One of the delegation who inquired about the limit of the communication system on the site was hugely impressed to find himself, in a few min- utes, connectoj through the regular phone system to his wife in Moscow. The exchange agreement to be signed by Trudeau will es- tablish a Canada-U.S.S.R. Com- mission to encourage the ex- change of industrial experts. Teams of Canadian business- men will go to the Soviet Union to examine industrial tech- niques and to look for oppor- tunities to buy and sell. Teams of Soviet industrialists will come to Canada to study our industrial science and tech- nology. The joint commission should also help Canadian exporters to take their products directly to Soviet customers, and there are strong hopes of developing markets for pulp and paper machinery, tracked vehicles for use in the north, mining equip- ment and other products. If trade develops as hoped, and confidence between the two countries grows, Canada may propose to broaden the agree- ment to permit joint research projects in the Arctic. Moscow has been wary about opening its northern frontiers to foreigners, and northern de- velopment minister Jean Chretien cancelled plans to visit Siberia this summer when he found he would not be shown much more than the conven- tional tourist sites. Trudeau will have to con- vince the Soviet government, during the Moscow talks, that Canada is not merely an agent of the United States in claim- ing Arctic sovereignty and in development of the northern areas shared with the Soviets. Trudeau may also press in Moscow for faster progress to- ward a c u 11, i- r a 1 exchange agreement, assisting Canadian artists to perform in the So- viet Union and Canadian stu- der.ts to study at Soviet uni- versities. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 Manitoba Mennpnites will be sending a delegation to the Abitibi region of Quebec with a view to selecting land for migration to that province. Grain Exchange offi- cials delved into records to find a day when wheat sold cheaper on the exchange than it did today. At the opening, Octcber futures crashed to a 8fl- cent bottom set a quarter cen- tury ago. A veteran cowboy, James Spratt. 71 turned over one month's pay of to the RCAF. The money was given to a bank in Medicine Hat to be forwarded te Ottawa. decision has been made as yet on the routing of the Iran s-Canada highway through Alberta. It is rumored the route will go slightly north of Calgary. boats have end- ed commercial operation in the south Pacific with the with- drawal of the last one from Tahiti. Flying boats are now unable to compete with land- based aircraft. Thought you said it was an "automatic The Lethbridge Herald 5M 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1903 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member ol The Canadian Press Ihe Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers- Association and I ho Audi! Bureau ol circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor tnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY DOWLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH"