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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 28, 1911, Lethbridge, Alberta THE PROGRESS 'SINCE PHASER by Publishers Press Ltd.) i 'Lord Dufforln in the course of a Hour of tho north west iu 1877 In a ip.iibllc speech said "Happily In no fjjftrt of Her Majesty's Dominion are [the relations existing between tho hut tin the w itecp illusions. Ho guru upihls birthright, recognizing that tho white man would come in and possess it In any case chief placed reliance upon "o iiiim'H. faith'mm Honour to s promises. For all- time, while water runs, Canadians wero pledged to observe the spirit of this treaty and others liko It, It Is worth remembering when "in "tho interests of progress" efforts arc made to dls- pl ice the Indians from their reserves. Those Indians made notable requests, that uo "fire water" bo sold in tho reserves, that, they'own any minerals found on heir lands and t hat a teacher be sent to teach them the knowledge of' fhn white men. Kire w iter has been kept from Hie Indian, unil lie has boon things, not all for his good. It was before a treaty was made with Iho Green about Edmonton, though Bnch a treaty was. urged offi- riilly upon the Government in 1871. To the good offices of the Hudson's tember, 1877, Governor Laird con- cluded a solemn' tfeiUy. Crowfoot, Lliolr grout chief, In hit) speech-said "If Iho Police, had not corno whore .would we ho mon.-find bait whiskey wore killing IIH that, very few of MM would-luivo been left That Crowfoot a poke within tho facts IK evident. On.tho 7th of June, 1878, In the CypreKB HlllB, near a port kopt by one Abo Fa moll thirty four men, women and children were ,1'uLulGHfily slaughtered by a party fi'om Fort Benton, Missouri, who wore in search of slolrn horses.' 'Flint611 had told them he was sure tlio Indians did not have their horses; but advised .the Indians to give up aomo of their own to placate those men which they Apparently prepared to do. Thisf Is thy only Instance on record .where Indians were massacred In thu Cana- dian West, and this cruel, wanton outrage wiis one of the things wlilch stirred up Canada to send the mounted police to bring law and order to the In the Uiiltoil Slates "a bloody .ground" lias always marked ihe, frontier. This outrage rind the of the whiskey traders In Southern Alberta shows clearly bow it came in part at least. At the time of ilia treaty with the in' 1S77 Hie United States hfid over ii.OOO troops .fighting Indians, .while there were only about 200 men and oflleers of (he police force stationed j In Southern Albeit i i ho merit in TIIK SOLUTION Hy Mr. Andrew Muqilittll (Copyright by Publishers Press In a furmyr article tho problem in- volved In tho term Imperialism uas. set fortli. We ure all convinced that tlierc IB a .problem; and thu first i etcp towards, the solution of any- pro- to bring all tlie factors which compose U'clearly under the :yy. Hut we In, Canada, it may be asked, that we should take upon ourselves these high matters. The answer to that Is Unit we tire the only onei. In the world who can lead the way out of. the present diffi- culties. ngtand cannot make the first move, because thst would he to abdi- cate her place In To de- clare 'thatbho 'was no longer willing or .-able to protect what she holds would be to-put every part of the Empire in jeopardy. It would be a sigiv which would bring the vultures of peace and nut in a panic of fear, danger 'threatens there will rapid running of In- terests which now aru.content to re- main apart; but .when the danger IH over disintegration will begin once more. v. ".To Bay..iliat npthliifc.ciin he done la :v a'iid n v.'Ill be to concern Itself alone ith the world unguarded or at leut the fundamental problum hi co nrnu-1 sufficiently marked tb: nlly.llfe, namely 'tOitukmnu.iiifure't lo ers maj btnaa The tem preserve tho ttufoty.'of- (Hat ijifo.: ,'Tc eacii community will assigned; obligation which U IB to according, to tlio. probability of ilai1- gcr in which .each stands but according to lue' ability of each to In Cniuida is a sep L a e Indians also invaded Canada. In 1S7U a band of nearly with 3500 j ..._ ___....... horses came to Wood Mountain and I IMy Company is due tho credit that] told the police they bad been told! this noglnol was not serious, for (ho j by their grandfathers they would find Indians called upon .Air. W. J. the chief factor at Kdmmiton, in that to demand to know if it was true Unit their hinds had boon sold, they had been told, Having heard the oilier Indian treaties. JJr. Christie explained the Intentions of the Bull maintain .tibject and Government and advteiul them to re-1 claimed protection ih suili main till .they could be dealt but was forced to give ilium [the Indians of Canada------ the extinction of the Indian upon liberal terms has invariably ,'a.lso he gave credit, to peace in tlie land of tin- British..After l General Caster's force was annihi- lated, Sitting Bull with 135 lodyes crossed the border, and joined them, was'a time of anxiety. Sitting (I that bo was a British ilways had been, and j Those warriors who bad made such a stand ftgiilnsl. Hie United States Army were presents, fo Iiee-p liiom quiet. He. watched by a fow hundred .Mounted ind the peace was m-'vcr G iiud i covered, yet it "was five veani lat-jr j ed a sigh of ichcf when in luh 1881 before a treaty was made "with- them; Sitting Bull 'surrendered io tbe United During the the Western Indians by a display of force and while this had an effect no tioubt the words of such 'men as Father Lacombo counted with the Red Men, Crow [pot and his band only in 18S well understood or so generously iirgod upon the Government the dan- I Police only, lor, so humanely interpreted as in Ca- i ger that threatened if gold wore dis- disturbed ;s- The.causes of this fortunate result werd in tbe view of tliis eminent tatatesnian "that honourable and, gcn- Icrous policy which .has been pursued jhj successive governments towards as mae w- em; fine tribes. Sweet Grass, the chief. States at Fort Burford. made Air. Christie write down a mes- rebellion it necessaiv .'U sago to the representative of the under Great Mother, in which bo said. "I shake hands with you, and bid welcome. We heard our lands were "f recognized as a necessary jjreli- sold, and did not Mkr> it; wc.dont want jininary to the occupation of a single! to sell our lands; it is our property] who made a treaty only in 18S7 were Square yard of: native Just- j and no one has a right to sell starving owing to tho disappearance j indignity leverin the old AXUREW H.I (TIM II In-the northern sky. When lion fable fell sick, that Hie gou'iiig'Tor organization and I government has departed from the I community, arc In leua danger t "rltlsh people. To advise that nothing Australia is, but we shall pay -uoro j done Iu advance of the crisis, and because wo -ire richer Cntfaml whl ijit nothing can'be done except In stm more, not' ncculiBe EnjrMuli- bo i lhu the heal, which danger Is to abandon reason for passion, and duliborutton for precipitancy. Let us then reason-together whilst there is time. There tire prcMsr.inary elusions .upon which, we must all be agreed before we can go any further, certain qiidatioiiB which we hiust ask arid certain answers which wo must 'find. The British Empire covers, one quarterof the surface of the is responsible for the govc'rninent of one fifth of its In- habitants.- To carry on this iask tiiere are not more than twelve mil- lions of white men. It does not mutter for tlie moment by what means this inheritance has grown, or by what title It has fallen to us. What really does matter is 'whether or not we are it ptation ilia IH too great, and K tumid tw removed h. Hit Interims of those who to IHJ tempted ihe one Brltitili subjects in peace to be left alone, hold, to usu ind nijoy what There came a time alW'.lu; men are in greater peril from attack, 1-ul because they aro. richer than1 wn ure. The problem before this committee would bo extremely, shnplo. and would differ only in degree from'that which (aces board of eommlsHloneri ap- pointed to assess, property and-levy taxes. It does not even'Imply .that .there would be an 'increase" iu ihe amount of taxes, to be paid. On the contrary, it is nlmoSr certain (hut ihe amount would be'less if the bur- den were distributed to better ad- vantage. -It would merely'moan the ear-marking or the Amount ..which should go for purposes oC dofiijce greater. In Canada the total amount of taxes which we would pay wouM probably bo not increased nlshcd, because our. attention -would be to be left in.peaceable possession to j tewsass Sirs ity. if nations no longer need food or room to live in, then we must -be head of population, having risen from 3 decide what j iocal purpi is "adequate. There arc six England an of the British government including the expenditure for the nrm> and amounted to f 10.45 for each person. In the taxes levied for or loses upon the people of WaJes amounted 80 solf-governlng states hi the per head of population, whilst in On which only one is reasonably j Urjo the amOUnt levied the same tiiid ail additional dollars was collected for which there is -no corresponding outlay in England. Most persons will or .Canada, acting separately or In agree that the protection of our mann- coujunction would be rree uurely to fjicturers costs something but what accept tho terms which any world- tnc amount is would be hard to power might choose to impose. Pos-j mine. Mr. Harpell iu bis "Canadian what sized sop wo sha berns when lie snarls.' If is 'to' be" defence, then we shall be defence so of capable of defending itself against any irobable force which might be brought mnbnnt of two io bear against it. Newfoundland, New Zealand, Australia! South Africa, sibiy other world-powers might in- National Economy" quotes with, ap- there was no beast too vile to cast good again "we want you to stop the Iwprh as an intermediary .of-tbo-half-Americans from coming to trade ir (breed and tho our lands nncl giving "Tiro water'' considerate attention whih has ov i seuous mistnkt No tribe'on His Majesty's civil and the plains has excited more aTlmi- ]jqlice. The Company left Canada an.! ration among observers competent to invaluable legacy in the confidence end good will of the Indians, cyer, there were tribes on th plains such as the Klackroet young men are foolish, it mav not last long." That mull an ovprmn is neglected foi A ens wiUiout untowiid lesnlts it oui good fortune s f doliv in comine to u Physically they, w.ere. magnifi- Flow-j cent men, and at'one time-are paid opun j lo have numberod from twenty to over Iliirly Iliousanfl liebpj'q. which ihey had no control. Almost; all tbe land from thtv iliKsouri to' the s t ictors Hi 1 floor Khpr natl between mokrd the pipe of. pe ice the Cjpio-js Mills ind the Hoc! }c Indiana." Lord Selkirk tiers came-to the Red River the triucs i were restive at their 18th .in .the ji'tli year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord Kin tbe-nafires for tbe cession of six miles around Fort Douglas ami two English miles back from tho-Red and J'sBinabolno. rivers for the ntiori hundred, pounds- of. to- jacco , to the Cree and Saltcaux to a Cree to cross their border. Fortunately ttifisc wars w ision, ami on I the Crees were often mere .frays for the glory of young bucks seeking n gn of our Sovereign Lord King-.j reputation not a war to the bitter Ill i solemn tu is midc uid did not.Ttllow white men in tlieir territory. Captain Pali.ihier admitted in IS57 because bo re- presentcd Her Majesty- and- carried the British-flag. Captain Butler also is allowed into iheir; domains for the aamc reason.. These Indians were wealthy --for the buff alp.-supplied all of the buffalo as early as 1879. Yet j he koj-.t bis treaty. The disappear- ance ot! tho buffilo while it w is 'FXT PAKUiWFNI. Atfruction of Per Annum In. In Oreat Urililn. An intwesting phase of the government's proposal to pay salaries to, members of parliament Jn '.the. future at the rate of pier .an- num is the lamentations oE tho privi- leged classes. They say. that with sal a rift about four times greater than' the wagess they can earn in the'shops', factories and .mines dangling'-before; their eyes as prizes the .labor persons will struggle about ten times harder to be elected to the house of fom ons. Ae tbe labor party members ire all radicals or socialists, the aristocrats landlords and money lords are com- plaining that their, inherited will be seriously ..that' days are descending upon, their, iiouses. J. Kelr Hardic, tho socialim- leader'of: the'labor party, very politely igrees'-with the privileged personages; 'or once in'his lifetime; .lie number oh labor the.nexti parliament uill bo at least doubled ind progresbh e legislation will be put through. and world obligation. should lose the 'sense that we were Ihinfc In the eighteenth century, su'spicious .that pome onp was about to filth ij dnT'aiilonomy" 'or 'some Vis, resentful, childish TV' as Ksfiuimaux in world, of political thought. should- then have done with a situation whicH. must in w into the end'hecome intolerable to men Insisted namely, that we had no direct re- sponsibility; for the management of our foreign iffairs no -voice in those 'decisions which lead to the issue of thit I Difficulties bj pa) Ing foi the defuice of the colonies out of tbe pockets of the.-tax-payers'-who dwell-within Uie and saying nothing .of, course, is a .very little Islands easy "it is too easy, for a colonist to accept ;who. thinks -about the matter at-'all settle it for them. No communfry of i It is quite' certain, that England white men' has over allowed any other cominunit> lo decide Tor them wLat the future complexion -of the people shall be. This policy of :exclusion may be obnoxious to Asiatics, but tbe Aus- tralians cannot help that They pro- pose to hold tlieir continent even if they cannot use it, even though in does pay abmethingr for our defence. It is squallY Certain that w e pnj something too The question reallj resolves. itsfllC in to "thi jj, "Does'either party pay- too little or too Arising out ot this are'various-sub- sidiary questions of which tho most Important Is Are theao p nmciitb made ni'. sucH. time'an'd hiariuer as to A payment, which is uncertain -in deed, at the present moment not product the results' more than one tenth Is occupied and ono-half unexplored. 'I heir .pursuit of tbis policy is deliberate, and better than DO payment at all. trader knows .and IE be does not know it his banker will Inform him In-pretty sharp terms. At pre- sent each of the six-parliaments con- tributes according to tho feeling at the moment. It-does nnt know, still less do the other parliaments how niuch. that cpntrioutioiK'Will when--ij.- it bo spent.'" banker knows the amount 'of-ihis bills payable, the date when they are due, and has a certainty that they will be paid when due, ho can only do business out of i corps and" slubs for boys over j his reserves; and England now stands ourtcen years of age. NRW Zealand cast in her lot. with Australia, and jotli are so impressed with the reality ii danger- that they have already com- nltted themselves to a policy s local in origin but. imperial In its mplicatioii. South Africa Is too 'oung to speak, and Newfoundland is on small for Impressive utterance. We have now exhausted the list, of ive self-soverning coimnnuities send representatives lo the Im- erial Conferences, and no source was oiind from which a plan might issue, anada yet remains, and we arc suh- ect to none of tbe disabilities which jdnce the other partners in the busl- ess of Umpire to keep silent. scheme of Imperial organization 'hich emanated from Canada would approval ou the ground of die- ntfirestediioRS alone, because i.'ic gnin o .us would be moral rather thmi oleranL of attempts at bettennnnt, hich do not involve an expanrior r territory or of trade. Unlike tlu eoplc pf. Australia wo arc alngularly from external problem H. For undrod yearn have b.icn at peaci Ith Ihfi United States, and (be rela- ons between tho two countries never ere better than they at the mo- unt. Canada is, the oldest, richest, ml most, populous, of the cokrilcH, Hi on that account alono wbnld be ianl with respect.-This is fl work pence nnd should bo done In time as banker to the rest of the Empire iu respect of defence, such n. course as we are now pursuing can end only in exhaustion of Uie reserves and Imperial bankruptcy. "Wn are itpw in the situation of.a company with unlimited liability, of i which the shares'have not been dis- i tributed, or the calla made. Our busi- ness is to convert the concern into a Company of which the liability shall be known, tho shades distributed, the officers appointed, and the bi-law. drawn up, signed, sealed, and deliver od, for ourselves and all the world to read. The shareholders in this Empire cannot very well conn; together into one place. They can choose the per- sons to whom thoy will grant their proxies; but as the liability is un- limited, Canada cannot say that she is entitled to send more proxy-hold- ers than New Zealand in. The con- of existence as a coimnuniiy ;s just ns important to New crs as It Ia to Canadians, and each community should send an equal nuni- of representatives, for precisely Uie same reason that the several- states of the American Union send to Congress an cqnal number of se- nators. In this concern (here shall bo no minority shareholders to band themselves together to sulk, and com- bine, and cabal. The business of this committee than wh rc'ice or in fahort lacking the first essential sign and, reality of m- dopond mcc i heso office'1 England hue performed .for us all these >ears not because, she. was -.exclusively, -de- sirous of doing .so but because we not having volunteered to assume our full responaiblhtj could not bo left in the world with our business1 un- done That is tndian or the rgjptian rae his business dono for him because he will dp it for himself when we see a sturdy young Phlllfplno smoking a cigar and occasion all j piuslng to refresh ni- sei f, -a draught "from his mo tber breast wo winch eMsted in ,a politlcnl which we will emerged J Money ia the PisJeaV In which to make ind service is tlie hardest; but it is only the meaner obligations of life that money will-'discharge. Those who urged that we should discharge" the 'debt Which we owed to HtagUnd by presenting her with battleships were merely showing easy way of evading payment, and at the same time of cor- as Attica nasiror.- rupted after SaUmie r ,-Our hearts and- oar bnafos go with, our money AVofcaniipt con 10 TRY STATE itlefi nud Policies Iron to fcWOO.--.No Paid Agents. Ihe signing of tho Wisconsin life insurance bill by Governor McGovern commits "Wisconsin to state insurance. Beginning in 1913 the state will con- duct a-- life and annuity business- on Its -own -hook. The bill the' establish- ment of an Inaurancc department under the management rof the atatc Insurance commissioner to be con ducted along the llm s of the ordinary mutual Insurance corporation An- nuities are to range from to f300 and life policies from to J30GO The business will all through the insurance commissioners office There will be no igents The aim is to gUe insunnce at possible rate and i kubw >ery tliiug >wTftil about it ij'ain in tk inysolf Sir A wfto me here delivered jin uldressCa ehorit, time ago which cont nned i dfeak of valuable matter about smo ke? which tho press did not mention but he cisuill} let fall some Worts to the effect that he rather an to tho of uashing iry defi tract for our defence." We" cannot leave to one what is the business of all. To make the amount assigned to us as our proportion of the fund for the common defence a first charge upon ou'r revenues is not-enough. We' shall be obliged t to consult, and assist at a decision aa 'to how and'where that fund shall beat be expended. Then It will not matter upon which J part of the Empire the brunt of war will fall. If tho coasts of Australia' ind be found himself famous f Bome sympitlj with Wright, for I rcall> not washed myself except, the obUous portions of mj face and hinds since the somebody else did it for me I do indec 1 yield to a superstition that become enormously In the nineteenth centuo and that Is to In- dulge In a cold tub tmt that is not washing I do It as R stimulant t think sometimes I1 might havt? dene. better Iwd J tftken sornr stead As to onr faces well look at There is onlj ore lad> in this roam as to I can speak with absolute domestic authority as having washed her face two hours and it wants washing again already Reillj ac- cording to any decent standard, there- Is not n person In this room who ib not a tkc are ravaged (t boot 111 entmj nothing since the Empire exists to make that damage good and hold him io account. Tho (juestion of taxation without rc- rcsenlation will then bo solved wiih .tit having been raised, since to re (jresent Is as much an obligation ifr to tax. The parliaments of the various dominions must still perform their functions incident to them; and they will perform them better when the problems of defence and foreign affairs, liavo been relegated lo another court which they themselves have had on equal, voice in creating. Thu, par- liament at Westminster for will Uicn be free, without bringing the business of the Empire, to a stand-' still, to spend whole day, If It likes, deciding whether It was a Protestant Irishman who beat hln -wife, or .was it a Catholic Irishwoman who beat her husband, nnd how'much Sham- rock an Irish .nieBKp.go boy is entitled to wfttir in 'Us cap. The present aituiitlon of the British Kmptrc IH the greatest menacn lo the world's pea (in which now exists. Tlie prize la great, ami it Is lying all about of England and at Ka termination the judge adressed the jury, and they re- tired for consultation. Hour after hour cissed and no was brought 11. 1 bo judge's dinner bour arrived and .e became hungry and: Impatient, Upon enquiry ho learned that qiie'j obstinate-juryman was holding agvinst eVvrn This was more than he could endure, sn be ordered the twelve-men brought lie told them Hint, in hlo addrew to them he hail so plainly stated tho, case and .tho law- that verdict< ought t.o be unanimous, nnd tbe maa' who permitted his Individual'opinion to weigh against, tho judgment of eleven men of wisdom wast unfit and disqualified ever again to net'In'the capacity of jurymen At the tsnd of this excited harangue a little squaky voice came from of the jury. It said. "Will Your Lordship allow me to nay a word Permission being Riven, the owner of the voice added: "May It jilcnee Your Lordship, i the only man on your ;