Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 27, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
6 THE LETHBRIOQE HERALD Friday, 27, 1974 Draft detection can be tricky job By MR. FIX The furnace is functioning perfectly, the storm windows are up and in place and still there's a draft coming from somewhere. It's a nuisance and no amount of thermostat manipulating will change things. Finding the source of a draft isn't as easy at it may seem. What you are looking for is the cause of a sudden current of chilly air. A house that is warm at the level of your head but is cool around your feet doesn't result from drafts but poor heat circulation. Furnace and registers may need cleaning or the furnace may need regulating. Most drafts can be eliminated by insulation and weatherstripping. Outside walls, ceilings beneath un- heated attics, floors over porches and unheated garages are the obvious areas that should be insulated. Most of this must be done when the house is built. You can, however, pour loose insulation in the unfinished floor of an at- tic or fasten roll insulation to the underside of a floor over an unheated area. Weatherstripping should form a seal around all doors and windows. What's left? Plenty. In fact. it's the drafts from less ob- vious sources every winter that give you trouble since you are likely to feel you have done all you can. You may feel silly, but hold up your hand and try to detect the air currents. Check all the windows. As the house settles the molding and the sill may separate. Look for a slight crack. Cover it by reposition- ing the molding under the sill and nailing it down. Cold air may come from around the glass in the win- dow where putty has cracked or crumbled. Remove the old putty and replace it. Double hung windows that do not lock tightly will let in air. If the lock doesn't fasten tightly shim up the movable part with washers where it is screwed to the frame. WEATHERSTRIP ALL DOORS AND WINDOWS INSULATE UNHEATED AREAS WINDOW CALK MOUNTED AIR CONDITIONERS REPLACE CRACKED PUTTY ON WINDOWS HOME OF THE WEEK Examine the molding between floor and wall. In time it may separate from the baseboard. If it has, remove it carefully, reposition it and nail it back. Drafts may come from around a fireplace since it is on an outside or a garage wall. You may find that the joint where the wall and fireplace meet has opened. Fill with a cement mix. If it is large, stuff with aluminum foil and then seal it with cement. Window and wall mounted air conditioners can admit air. Make sure the intake and ex- haust ducts are closed. Provide the unit with a cover. The unit should be sealed all around. Use caulking to seal it. Dripping faucets are easy to fix Water that drips from a faucet unless the handle is turned tightly indicates a worn washer. A rumbling, banging noise when you turn on a particular faucet indicates a loose or worn washer. Water that oozes out from around the stem back of the handle indicates worn packing. Taking care of these problems is not difficult. Call a plumber for the complicated plumbing problems. Washer and packing replacement are chores you can learn to handle yourself. The tools are those you probably have around the house right now adjustable wrench, screwdriver, possibly a pair of pliers. Replacement washers are inexpensive and you should keep spares on hand. Don't wait until un- controllable dripping starts before you replace a worn washer. Just as soon as it takes an unusual amount of pressure to close a faucet without having it drip is the time to make repairs. The tight closing and the worn washer will combine to make the faucet seat (the brass rim against which the washer closes) becomes rough and worn. Washers are made of hard rubber or neoprene or similar materials. You can purchase a variety pack that has the most popular sizes plus a couple -of brass screws. This is O.K. for starters. Once you know what size washer each faucet re- quires, buy them by size and have a few extra in each size. Before you can begin any plumbing repairs you must turn off the water supply. Newer homes have a shutoff valve for every faucet. These will be below the faucet to be repaired or on the line leading to the faucet with the valve located in the basement. Sometimes one valve will control several faucets. Lack- ing these you must turn off the main valve, which you will find where the main water line enters the house. Most faucets are the com- pression type. They may look a little different from each other but they work the same. A typical compression faucet is taken apart by loosening the cap nut with an adjustable wrench. This is done after first removing the handle which may be held on with a machine screw. With the nut off, twist out the long stem or spindle to get a grip, put the handle back on without the screw. The washer is on the end of the spindle, held in place with a brass screw. Remove the screw and pry out the washer. If the washer is beveled, in- stall with the ueveled side out. Replace the screw and tighten. Faucets may look more complicated due to decoration. An ornamental chrome cap may have to be removed. Protect the cap with tape before putting a wrench on it. DESIGN R3-1261 Sq. Ft. The straight lines of this low-lying ranch home were designed with economy very much in mind. There is good division of area and a kitchen roomy enough for a typical modern family to have most of their meals. The living room receives natural light from the front and through the dining room from the rear. An extra side door af- fords easy access to and from the garage via a roomy covered rear porch. The three bedrooms are located at one end and the shower bathroom ensuite with the master bedroom can also be entered from the rear hall which makes it readily accessible from the kitchen, basement and back yard. There are closets everywhere including a large walk-in off the master bedroom and one above the basement stairs large enough to be cedar lined for generous linen storage or it could even be an additional powder room. Exterior treatment is brick veneer with gable and accents in vertical siding. The design is suitable for any type of heating. Plans for Design R3-1261 cost for the first set, each ad- ditional set and are supplied by return mail. Two new books "Home Designs for Canadians" are available for each by mail (see coupon Book 1 presents designs for homes up to 1600 sq. ft. for 1 storey and split level, 1850 sq. ft. for one and one half and 2 storey. Book 2 includes larger homes and vacation homes. 75'8" Herald- At Home DCSIGN E3-l2fel (695 SQ FT HOME-0-GRAPH HOME PLANNING SERVICE I 40 Jarvie St., Toronto, Ontario M5C 2H1 3 D I enclose (plus lor handling) for "Home Designs for Canadians" Book 1 (homes up to sq ft) O I enclose (plus 25e for handling) for 'Home Designs for Canadians" Book 2 (larger homes, vacation D Please send free brochure showing sample Week" designs and other design books available "Home of the I D Please send an order form so I may order building plans for design No. shown above. NAME ADDRESS (Please Print) LETH WITHIN EASY REACH CHARLOTTETOWN (CP) A litter-bag dispenser for service stations has been developed by the Prince Edward Island environment control commission. The top- loading metal unit is mounted on the pumps within easy reach of motorists. Your garden By batch lUrac, FJULS. These are telltales! Maclean MacRae They help you find names to call people Ever noticed the names printed in black type at the top corner of each white page m your telephone directory? At AGT we call them They may not be the names of the people you want to phone. But they sure tell you where to find the names and telephone numbers of the people you do want to phone. it's easy! Ail you do is turn to the Telltale that is closest to the name of the party you're calling. Each Telltale contains two names the first name on the page and the last name on the page. Somewhere in between is the name and phone number of the person you wish to dial. By using the Telltales you can save a lot of time. You will also save a lot of wear and tear on the nerves of our Directory Assistance operators. You may find it hard to believe but our Directory Assistance operators in Lethbridge presently handle over 3.000 enquiries a day. Please use the telephone book, including the Telltales. Make it your first source of information. Among other things, it's designed to help you avoid the time-waste and frustration of "wrong-number Other ideas to make friends with your phone book: Circle the names of people you call often. It helps you find them fast and ring them fast! Use the Frequently-Called Numbers page. A special page provided for you to fill in your own directory of people you call most often. Ask AGT for FREE PERSONAL DIRECTORIES in handy purse, pocket or desk-drawer sizes. YOU DIAL Keeps yew touch with your frtomfs AMARYLLIS The Amaryllis or Hippeastrum (sometimes called Eastern Star) will add much beauty and enjoyment indoors with their sparkling colors in shades of red, orange, salmon, violet, pink, white, etc. either plain, striped or bordered in a contrasting color. Some of the larger bulbs are a bit more ex- pensive than the smaller ones but it is an investment you will never regret when you see the final results of blooms over 8 inches in diameter. I have grown some such as these and they are truly magnificent. The Amaryllis is one of the most spectacular, and easiest flowering bulb to grow indoors and are especially nice for the novice who wants to try something different. The bulbs do best in a rich, loamy soil and the mixture I like to use consists of loam and sand with a little packaged manure. Some out- lets have these bulbs already in pots, requiring only moisture and the proper temperature to bring them into growth. Usually, there are directions with them, but if not. soak the base of the bulb in a saucer of warm water for about 12 hours, mak- ing sure you do not get the top part wet. Plant in a five to seven inch pot. or one that will leave not much more than one inch of space around the bulb. Arrange some fine gravel on the bottom of the pot to ensure good drainage and then fill container with about half the soil mixture and set the bulb on this, working the roots carefully so they go down into the earth. Do not damage the roots or this may delay flowering. Cover only or the thickest part of the bulb. Water once during the first week as this is sufficient at this lime. Also, sunlight is not necessary during this stage of growth. Keep your newly planted Amaryllis in a temperature of around 70 to 75 degrees in a shaded spot. During the se- cond week, more water may be given to keep the soil only slightly moist, applying this by filling a saucer with lukewarm water. As soon as growth starts you can gradually increase the amount and frequency of watering. Usually the flower stalks appear before the bright green leaves, but occasionally leaves will appear simultaneously with the flowers or even precede them. When approximately six to eight inches high, place them in the light, in a cooler temperature. It is not unusual, with the larger African bulbs, for them to produce three stalks with up to a dozen or so beautiful king size blooms. The flowers give a great deal of pleasure for several weeks, particularly if the pollen is removed as they reach full flower. Some of the Amaryllis bloom around Christmas. Should you require bloom for a special time, plant bulbs five to six weeks beforehand. For earlier flowering, place pots in a warmer lo- cation. To retard growth, place in a 50 de- gree temperature at the stage when the first bud is beginning to open. Some peo- ple plant the bulbs in February when the days are lengthening and there is a longer period of sun and light. When the plant is in full flower, keep in filtered sunshine: It is at this time they require to be watered heavily whenever the soil begins to feel dry. Apply a dilute fertilizer once a week. After flowering, continue to care for the plant, fertilizing twice a month and keeping in the sun to let the leaves con- tinue their growth, which is required to feed and develop the flower bud within the bulb. All old flower stalks should be cut off immediately they have finished blooming. During the summer, you can put your Amaryllis outdoors in a sheltered spot, bringing in again before a frost. Stop feeding and reduce watering. Carpentry corner Usually the leaves will start to turn yellow, but some plants refuse to go fully dormant. Keep in a cool place and water only sufficient to keep bulb from shrivelling up. At the first sign of new growth bring to a warmer temperature and repeat culture as before. By Gene Faweette Horpicruxes SPECIAL SILK-SCREENED WALL HANGINGS CAN NOW DECORATE AND HEAT THE ROOM AT THE SAME TIME. EACH HANGER ANDPLUeHNCOHD, PRODUCE 50OWATTSOF RADIANT ENERGY... QFAUCnO- Cobbler's bench When a church bazaar more than doubled its previous fund raising record, no one was more pleased than those who had made it possible. More surprising was the fact that the affair could have been even a bigger success had there been more cobbler's benches to sell. Every bench offered was quickly sold. Months prior to the sale, parishioners were asked to suggest articles they might be interested in buying. A catalog illustrating 300 items was passed around to facilitate selection. Patterns for the most popular items were then loaned to everyone who volunteered to make saleable projects. A small workshop was set up. Everytime anyone had any spare time, they cut parts, or assembled those cut by others. Since each pattern provided step-by-step direc- tions, every spare minute proved productive. While only three cobbler's benches were made and sold, orders were taken for twelve others. No special tools are re- quired to build this handsome bench. The pattern tells what materials to buy, where and when each is used. If you need furniture, or if your church, P.T.A., club, or civic group plans a fund raising bazaar, patterns are a big help. Send in cheque or money order for Cobbler's Bench, Pattern No. 586 to Lethbridge Herald, P.O. Box 4090, Postal Station Toronto, Ontario. Send additional for catalog il- lustrating over 300 other build- projects. Ontario residents please add 7% sales tax on all patterns.