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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 27, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 tHE UTHBR1DGE HERAID September J7, 1972 Joseph Kraft U.S. public morality has been debased Conflict of- interest code' Land values, interest rales, stock market levels and the prices of just about everything go up or down as a result of government decisions. That is because in addition to making the economic rules of the game, today's governments with their billion dollar budgets wield purchasing power that is decisive in the market place. la government, broad general pol- icy is usually a matter of debate and consensus, a process that is more or less public. The day-to-day deci- sions which stem from general policy are made by individuals, ordinary mortals with ordinary human fallibi- lity We have the right to expect the highest standards of integrity in our public officials, and in the vast maj- ority of cases we get it. It would be silly, however, to pretend that cases of conflict of interest never occur, or that public servants never take advantage of inside information. Cases may be rare, but they do hap- pen. Conflicts almost invariably centre on financial gain for the Individual concerned (or a relative or associate, which comes to the same though oddly enough it is seldom that loss of public funds is involved. But loss of public confidence always is, and that is far more serious. Having had two recent cases of ap- parent conflict of interest, both involv- ing men of cabinet rank, the Ontario government has worked out a code of rules to govern the financial deal- ings of its ministers. With respect to land, it requires full and public dis- closure of all land holdings, and for- bids any further dealings in land, on the part of both the minister and members of his family. Any shares he or a member of his family owns in any public corporation must be sold or placed in a trust adminis- tered by a provincially licenced trus- tee. No private company in which the minister or a member his family has an interest may do business with the government, nor may the minister himself participate regularly in any business or profes- sion. Finally, in every case in which a minister or his family might bene- fit from a decision to be made in his department, some other member of the cabinet must make the decision. These rules are stringent, especial- ly so in any age when governments generally shy away from codifying their positions on such highly sensi- tive matters. But some clear under- standings are obviously necessary, and it should be noted that this code has the unusual merit of dealing with just those situations that have caused all the furore in the past. Senior governments across the country and perhaps a few that aren't so senior will do well to give very serious consideration to fol- lowing this excellent example. WASHINGTON Favoritism was the charge levelled against the administration's treatment of the big grain deal- ers who profiled so handsomely in the recent Russian wheat deal. No one seriously contend- ed that a crime had been com- mitted. So it figured that President Nixon, following a dubious claim by Vice-President Agnew that an FBI investigation was on, would actually order an in- vestigation by the bureau. For the FBI is sure to discover that no crime was Involved. In the Watergate affair, the deepest suspicion is that the' at- tempted break-in to Democrat- ic headquarters had something to do with former officials of the Nixon administration who have been active in the presi- dent's re-election campaign. In particular, attention centred on former Secretary of Commerce Maurice Slans, who is cam- paign treasurer and former Attorney General John Mitch- ell. The president was asked about all this in his news con- ference of Aug. 29. He made what he called a "categorical" statement that "no one in this administration, presently em- ployed, was. involved iti this very bizarre incident." At the same news conference Mr. Nixon dealt with charges that the administration might cover up the investigation. As barriers against a whitewash, he died "a full field investiga- tion by the FBI" and a prosecu- tion by the justice department. But now it comes out that the justice department has not pressed those indicted for the break-in on the source of their funds. Mr. Stans, who is a po- tential source, has issued statements to the press but re- fused to be questioned. And the Washington Post develop- ed a story to the effect that Robert Mardian, a former as- sistant attorney general and Bahamian independence On July 10, 1973 the Bahamas will become the newest state in the west- ern hemisphere, totally independent of Britain. It is the crowning touch of Prime Minister Lyndon Pindling's career, his triumph as a black nation- alist politician. The Bahamas have long been the refuge of the white and the wealthy who make their homes there, some to escape heavy income taxes, others to invest in hotel complexes, casinos all the spin-off luxuries of the tour- ist haven in the sun and sea. The new prime minister's major problem is to maintain a climate of ,good will among the native Baham- ians who comprise about 85 per cent of the residents, and the whites who control most of the economy. He has said that he doesn't intend to do anything to interfere with his coun- try's attraction as a tax haven, or with entrenched foreign investment. He must retain the confidence of: the foreign investor in the integrity of his intentions if he is to attract capi- tal. It won't be easy in the face of a dwindling economy and the possibi- lity that the simmering resentment of native Bahamians towards the wealthy white entrepreneurs could work against him. Tourism is the biggest industry in the islands which have few natural resources. Its other sources of revenue are very limited. The new government is bound to have difficulty with its frontier many islets with extensive coastlines providing hiding places for all kinds of ill assorted dissidents from neighboring nations like Haiti and Cuba. It will not be able to afford the aircraft or boats to patrol these refuges of the resentful, the bases of potential guerrilla activity, nor can it any longer depend on Britain to smooth out pocket international inci- dents which plague the peace from time to time. There are difficult times ahead. But Mr. Pindling is no fledgling poli- tician. He has had extensive exper- ience in government which will stand him in good stead in the years ahead. If he can retain the respect and con- fidence of the foreign business com- munity, and if it in turn accepts its own responsibility in co-operating and understanding him, the future should be bright. Neither can be success- ful without the help of the other. ANDY RUSSELL What is conservation? LAKES PARK It has been said that conservation is a state where man and nature live in harmony together. It is a condition of mutual res- pect, man for other forms of life with which he is associated and man for others of his kind, not only for today and immediate benefit, but for those who the fu- ture. It is understanding and appreciation of all the benefits of a bountiful country brimming with richness and great beauty with an unflagging determination to keep it that way. Conservation is the protection of a water- shed to maintain a quality of pureness in the streams for the continuance of the many kinds of living things depending on the vital necessity of clean water fish, birds, vegetation and animals including man. It is the preservation and maintainance of clean air without sun-dimming, poison- ous smog of any kind. It Is the understanding that man does not and can never really own land but only the title to use it, and that proper and long lasting use of soil Is a heritage, not a con- tinuing plan of thoughtless exploitation. It is not taking everything possible for profit today and forgetting tomorrow. It is know- ing that for all his cleverness and ingenu- ity, man has never found a way to build a pocket in a coffin and take his accumula- tion of material riches with him when he dies. Conservation is recreation to cultivate a healthy mind and body. It Is a means to find a way to understand and enjoy the bounty of Uae delicately balanced fruits of nature without destruction. Recreation is Enjoyment of life not Including taking as much as possible for ourselves without con- sideration of neighbors. Conservation is hunting for the sake of hunting with a deep respect for those things we hunt and not just killing for the sake of killing. It is not part of pursuing things on wheels and by other mechanical means, not playing a sort of automated bingo game wherein animals are driven from vital win- tering grounds, birds are scattered away from suitable feed and cover, or having no respect for those who own the surface rights of the land. It is an awareness that a hunting licence is only a permit to carry a gun in hunting season within the rights of regulation, and (he safe use of that gun is at all times the responsibility of the ono who uses it. Conservation is also fishing and thus en- joying the beauty and benefits of lakes, rivers and creeks. It is learning something of the intricate tapestry of life supported by these waters. Conservation is the enjoyment of snow and all-terrain recreational vehicles with the least possible disturbance of other liv- ing things and full respect for those who do not use these machines. It is not treating the regulations of National Parks as some- thing to be broken, and not selfishly in- truding anywhere with noise and damage to private property. It is the use of such vehicles with maximum safety. Conservation is enjoying nature through bird watching, the study of all life, hik- ing, camping and a host of other activities akin to the outdoors and our environment anywhere. It is carefully teaching young people to know and appreciate the full meaning of living with nature and that we are a part of it. It is the exercise of de- veloping ethics insuring the continuance of living enjoyment of all nature's benefits for all time. Above all things, conservation is the careful and long-sighted management of the environment of this space vehicle call- ed earth to maintain its ultimate living quality and thus assure the continuance and prosperity of men along with all other living things forever. V6U HWS10 COWeNTRATS' MOW r'e dflflwrw mr wuv yw THG WWW leading figure In the re-election campaign, directed the destruc- tion of documents pertinent to the Watergate affair. Then there is the matter of Gen. John Layelle, the air force officer retired for unau- thorized bombing of North Viet- nam. Tlte While House has taken the position that It was a one-man operation Involving complicated orders which was suitably disposed of within military. In fact, It is clear that many, officers were involved. There was an attempt to cover the affair up with the Congress by the Chief of Air Staff John Ryan. Gen. Ryan's action was apparently inspired by ci- .vilian authorities. The Indica- tions are that those civilian authorities were not at the Pen- tagon, as many of us thought, but at the While House. As a final case, there was the bitter argument last month about Ihe bombing of North Vietnam and the dike system in the Red River Valley. The serious charge, the charge marie explicitly by United Na- tions Secretary General Kurt Waldheim, is that the bombing endangered the dikes. But President Nixon chose to make it seem that the is- sue was whether the bombing of the dikes was deliberate. In his press conference of July 27, Mr. Nixon gave one answer which went on for 24 para- graphs without once acknow- ledins that we were indeed hit- ting the dikes or that the bomb- ing did, as Mr. Waldheim truly asserted, endanger the dike sys- tem. What emerges from all this is the ethic. In every in- stance, the president and his obscure moral issues. tc'-thfH-.lly lo not mr.c'c. it happens to (hern to 1'ia 3 I tl'.sy tell is not tr? v.-hrla -vhv ro br-t- i'-.s ms. pvc-iisnl's thst rre lo 'V him r.vovr H m't i! n i. r s a part. So wiH to ar.d the 01 firct. Eut even for nil Ihsra things, I rer.lly dc 1't understand the constant fo the lo be disingen- uous, tO'Con people. I do mute-Eland is that tho public morality has been debased. Tliere is sometliing dirty about Washington these days, and while I don't suppose Mr. Nixon is entirely to blame, neither do I see how he can be altogether divorced from re- sponsibility. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) S'luiun Indians cannot expect to be other than Canadians TNDIAN5! must be given a bigger say in the public school system, says D. W. Simpson, assistant director of the education branch of the federal department of Indian and Northern affairs. I must confess I'm getting tired of this sort of yatter from bureaucrats who are talking about my money but not about my Interest. "The Indian parent Is very anxious to have his child edu- cated so he can compete equal- ly in the Canadian society but he is balking at the price he must pay in the loss of culture, language and self- respect." "We are being told that the schools cater only to middle- class values, that present-day curricula are irrelevant in to- day's society and that the stress on consumption and com- petition are incompatible with the needs of the world today." These are quotations from Mr. Simpson. They express well publicized sentiments. Whether they make any sense is another matter. We keep hearing about people losing their culture. What cul- ture? Is there any longer an Indian culture that is strong enough and separate enought from Ihe stream of life around it to be preservable as a dis- tinct culture in its own right? Not even among the Eskimos. History has taken its toll. The pathos of trying to assert geparateness that does not ex- ist culturally is all around us. You have American blacks af- fecting "Afro" styles, dress and names, to assert their Afri- carmess. It's a pitiful spectacle. It is as if the descedants of Irish immigrants went back to the wolfskin and the saffron cloak, as if the Scots in North America insisted on wearing kills and plaidies and wrapped their feet in sheepskin, as if the Ukrainians went back to felt boots. What the Indians have left is the dregs of a culture (he out- ward expression of which is Itself depleted and the inward soul o! which no longer has living religion or religions or mythologies to sustain it, nor an economy anything like the economy out of which it grew. Indian culture was doomed Letter to the editor Poor pasture I draw Ihe attention of read- ers to the situation existing in the "pasture" at the junction of Mayor Magrath Drive and Sce- nic Drive, kitty-corner to the drive-In theatre. Up to seven or eight horses have occupied this small triangular piece of land since spring and throughout that time supplementary feed- ing has been strictly limited. The horses have been continual- ly hungry, eagerly consuming the grass cuttings of concerned neighboring residents. But for these feeds some of the animals would be in far worse condi- tion than they are now Furthermore, the city has a responsibility towards the up- keep of grasslands within its boundaries. As expected, grass never had a chance on this land with weeds flourishing through- out, now to remain as the only dried vegetation. The terrain approximates to that of a desert and is not far removed from a dust bowl. This I submit is in- excusable and, among others, those concerned with tourism and the beautification of our city should take a close look. Appeals to the city and lo the police by myself and others have produced no response. I hope this letter will speedily bring about rectification as far as the horses are concerned hut the pasture may be beyond the point of no return. For the future, however, I trust the city will see fit lo utilize its spare land in a more appropriate manner. LeUAralge, W. N. HARRIES with the dooming of the buffalo, and the incursion of the white man's culture. American Ne- groes are Americans. Irish Scots, Ukrainian immigrants are Canadians or Americans. Indians are Canadians. Whether they like it or not that Is what they are and that is all they can be. There is no "Ukrainian culture" In Can- ada; there are in Canada strains of a Ukrainian culture that belongs somewhere else and contributes, through those who long ago came from that place, lo the emerging national culture of this nation. There is no German, Irish, Scots, or English culture in Canada; there Is a Canadian culture lo which all these contribute what remains of their former nation- al inheritance. Yet nobody wants to tell the Indians straight that they can- not have their original Indian culture, because the conditions in which it could survive do not exist and cannot ever again exist. Nobody wants to tell them that the time is coming when the reserves will be ami are now totally artifical survivals thai have no place in the emerging Canadian society and will have to go. Nobody wants to tell Ihem that, if they are anxious for their children to enjoy the opportunity to com- pete equally with other Canadi- ian children, they themselves are the people who have some serious decisions to make. And the first one is to face the fact that equality involves the de- cision to he equal. Which brings up the matter of these mueh-kicked-about "middle-class values." These so-called middle-class values are the dominant values of our society. Tliey are the val- ues of our society They involve a good life, good housing, good education, self-esteem, the idea of honesty, the idea of the law- ful society, the idea of the per- son and his right to he his own man. And one of the ironies of the attack on them is that is is being made primarily by peo- ple who have taken advantage of all this to be what they want to be, say what they' want to say, live at the centre of these "middle-class values" or on their fringes and draw their sustenance from them men- tal and physical sustenance. In fact, these so-called mid- dle-class values are civili7ed values. They are adjusting, as they have always adjusted, to economic changes and the changes economic change al- ways brings with it. They are the goal of trade unions. They are the goal of the ideas ex- pressed by David Lewis, who is the middle-class man to the n-th degree. They are the goal of Ihe ideas expressed by the premiers of Manitoba, B.C. and Saskatchewan, and more non- sense is talked about Iheir ir- relevance and death than about anything else Uiese days. More people in our society aspire to- wards "middle-class values" than at any time in history. They are the great and desired goal. Calling them irrelevant is bunk. Demanding that thero should be schools for minorit- ies that want them but want also to live apart and acording to a culture tr.at doesn't exist, is bunk. It is worse than bunk. This drive to remove the Indian from our society and its terms of reference and educate him. on his reserve to standards be- low our standards is destruc- tive. The Indians and bureau- crats who are pushing for it are in fact saying that they want fo educate Indians accord- Ing to a caste system that win train them for certain jobs at certain levels. In this system will they bo allowed to draw their water from the same well as- the brahmins in the profet- sions or would the advocates of Indian education on the re- serve, for Indians and Iheir advantaged capacities, prefer not to look at the implications of what they are saying? So it would seem. They are advocat- ing the education of a nation within the nation, and a na- tion for serfs at that. For while the educational standards of all the other mechanics in our so- ciety steadily rises and be- comes more sophisticated, the Indians removed from this con- text would still lag because of their isolation and they would remain, far into lime, the un- touchables, never quite well enough qualified to participate. That might suit a growing Xndian bureaucracy which would for all time have a na- tion to administer and rule wilhin the nation. But it is an administration that would be- come increasingly ard unbear- ably expensive. It's time to harden opinion against the fancy and destructive schemes being devised and propagand- ized for public consumption and eventual execution. We not the kind of society that be- lieves in evasions that in tha end create nations of inferior status and capacity within body politic. (Herald Special Service) The Letlibtidgc Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Registration No.